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Monoclonal Antibodies in Immunodiagnosis and Immunotherapy

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30161019/monoclonal-antibody-specific-for-ovarian-tumor-domain-containing-protein-1
#1
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2018: Monoclonal Antibodies in Immunodiagnosis and Immunotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30133349/evidence-for-multiple-applications-of-monoclonal-antibody-5g10
#2
Lilan Xie, Wangsheng Chen, Jianjun Li, Yi Li, Yaoming Li
We had earlier obtained a murine monoclonal antibody (mAb), termed 5G10, that bound to Salmonella flagellin (SF) and subsequently impaired the latter property of Toll-like receptor 5 (TLR5) signaling activation. Besides interrupting SF-mediated TLR5 activation, mAb 5G10 probably had other potential applications. In this study, we explored multiple functions of 5G10. A short peptide QRVRELAV (designated T5) derived from SF in either terminal of proteins was specifically recognized by 5G10. T5 tag expressed in eukaryotic cell was also detected by 5G10 when analyzed by Western blot, immunofluorescence assay (IFA), and fluorescent-activated cell sorting (FACS)...
August 2018: Monoclonal Antibodies in Immunodiagnosis and Immunotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30132720/development-and-characterization-of-monoclonal-antibodies-against-nitro-166-tyrosine-of-high-density-lipoprotein-apolipoprotein-a1
#3
Guntur Divya, N S Jayaprakash, Krishnan Venkataraman
Apolipoprotein A1 (ApoA1) of the high-density lipoprotein (HDL) plays a cardinal role in alleviating atherosclerosis in various ways. Its role in reverse cholesterol transport is preeminent. However, the ApoA1 undergoes oxidation under chronic inflammatory conditions and these oxidations are mediated by myeloperoxidase. It has been reported that the oxidation of the amino acids such as methionine, tyrosine, and tryptophan residues at specific sites of ApoA1 renders it not only dysfunctional but also proinflammatory and proatherogenic...
August 2018: Monoclonal Antibodies in Immunodiagnosis and Immunotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30130141/generation-of-rat-monoclonal-antibodies-against-a-deubiquitinase-ovarian-tumor-domain-containing-protein-1
#4
Daisuke Oikawa, Masayuki Shiota, Eiji Goto, Keidai Komakura, Hideki Wanibuchi, Fuminori Tokunaga
Ovarian tumor domain-containing protein 1 (OTUD1), an OTU-family deubiquitinating enzyme, has been reported to be involved in cancer progression through the regulation of p53 and SMAD7. However, the precise pathophysiological functions of OTUD1 remain elusive. Here, we report the establishment of OTUD1-specific monoclonal antibodies (mAbs), using the rat medial iliac lymph node method. The generated antibodies recognize the N-terminal portion (aa. 1-290) of human and mouse OTUD1 proteins. In addition, immunofluorescent staining and subcellular fractionation analyses using these antibodies indicated that OTUD1 is predominantly localized in the cytosol...
August 2018: Monoclonal Antibodies in Immunodiagnosis and Immunotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30088964/elucidation-of-critical-epitope-of-anti-rat-podoplanin-monoclonal-antibody-pmab-2
#5
Yoshikazu Furusawa, Shinji Yamada, Shunsuke Itai, Takuro Nakamura, Masato Fukui, Hiroyuki Harada, Mika K Kaneko, Yukinari Kato
Rat podoplanin (rPDPN) is a recognized lymphatic endothelial cell marker and is expressed on the podocytes of kidney and type I lung alveolar cells. rPDPN is a type I transmembrane sialoglycoprotein and induces platelet aggregation via the C-type lectin-like receptor-2 of platelets. It comprises four platelet aggregation-stimulating (PLAG) domains: PLAG1-3, present in the N-terminus, and PLAG4, in the center of the PDPN protein. Previously, we developed a mouse anti-rPDPN monoclonal antibody clone, PMab-2, by immunizing the PLAG2 and PLAG3 domains of rPDPN...
August 2018: Monoclonal Antibodies in Immunodiagnosis and Immunotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30004263/epitope-mapping-of-anti-telomerase-reverse-transcriptase-monoclonal-antibodies
#6
Yoshikazu Furusawa, Shunsuke Itai, Shinji Yamada, Mika K Kaneko, Yukinari Kato
Telomerase reverse transcriptase (TERT) is the main catalytic subunit of telomerase-associated protein machinery. Upregulation of TERT at the transcriptional level results in immortal cell phenotype associated with cancer. To date we have developed eight anti-TERT monoclonal antibodies (mAbs) (TMab-4, TMab-5, TMab-6, TMab-7, TMab-9, TMab-10, TMab-11, and TMab-12) by immunizing mice with synthetic peptides (302 -QHHAGPPSTSRPPRPWDTPC-321 ) of TERT. We further characterized those epitopes using enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay, and here we discuss the critical epitope of an anti-TERT mAb, which is applicable for immunohistochemical analysis...
August 2018: Monoclonal Antibodies in Immunodiagnosis and Immunotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29939836/thinking-cancer
#7
Anastas Pashov, Cinthia Violeta Hernandez Puente, Saddam Mohammed Ibrahim, Behjatolah Monzavi-Karbassi, Issam Makhoul, Thomas Kieber-Emmons
Evolutionary theories are necessarily invoked for understanding cancer development at the level of species, at the level of cells and tissues, and for developing effective therapies. It is crucial to view cancer in a Darwinian light, where the differential survival of individual cells is based on heritable variations. In the process of this somatic evolution, multicellularity controls are overridden by cancer cells, which become increasingly autonomous. Ecological epigenetics also helps understand how rogue cells that have basically the same DNA as their normal cell counterpart overcome the tissue homeostasis...
June 2018: Monoclonal Antibodies in Immunodiagnosis and Immunotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29939835/monoclonal-antibody-mab-sz-189-against-recombinant-human-clec-2-protein
#8
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2018: Monoclonal Antibodies in Immunodiagnosis and Immunotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29901420/a-bioassay-for-optimization-of-macrophage-conditioned-medium-as-a-culture-supplement-to-promote-hybridoma-cell-survival-and-growth
#9
Robert Hnasko, Alice V Lin, Larry Stanker, Jeffery McGarvey
Macrophage-conditioned medium (MCM) is an important cell culture supplement used to support the survival and growth of newly fused hybridoma cells. The use of macrophage cells, as a part of hybridoma technology, has proven to be an effective and inexpensive source of growth factors that promote the early survival and growth of hybridoma cells. Despite the widespread use of MCM as a hybridoma culture supplement, there is limited guidance and standardization for MCM production to achieve optimal hybridoma support...
June 2018: Monoclonal Antibodies in Immunodiagnosis and Immunotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29901419/association-with-monoclonal-antibody-promotes-intracellular-delivery-of-lycopene
#10
Ivan M Petyaev, Naylia A Zigangirova, Valeriy V Tsibezov, Elena Y Morgunova, Natalia E Bondareva, Nigel H Kyle, Yuriy K Bashmakov
Incubation of B10.MLM cells, a cell line of alveolar macrophages, with lycopene, a carotenoid, leads to an increase of lycopene content in their microsomal fraction. That increase was higher and developed faster when the cells were incubated with immune complexes formed by lycopene and mAb 6B9 (L-6B9 mAb), a monoclonal hapten-specific antibody raised against lycopene, as compared with dimethyl sulfoxide (DMSO)-dissolved lycopene (DMSO-L). Moreover, incubation of B10.MLM cells with L-6B9 mAb complexes was accompanied by more efficient accumulation of lipid droplets in the cultured cells and more significant inhibition of mRNA for 3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl-coenzyme (HMG-CoA) reductase, a rate-limiting enzyme of cholesterol biosynthesis known to be targeted by lycopene...
June 2018: Monoclonal Antibodies in Immunodiagnosis and Immunotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29901405/non-invasive-immunofluorescence-assessment-of-lycopene-supplementation-status-in-skin-smears
#11
Ivan M Petyaev, Naylia A Zigangirova, Dmitry Pristensky, Marina Chernyshova, Valeriy V Tsibezov, Natalya E Chalyk, Elena Y Morgunova, Nigel H Kyle, Yuriy K Bashmakov
Circulating lycopene level is negatively associated with the prevalence of cardiovascular disease, cancers (prostate and breast), type 2 diabetes mellitus, and aging. Traditionally, lycopene is measured in biological specimens by a combination of high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) and mass spectrometry methods. Moreover, as we recently reported, tissue/cell lycopene depositions can be observed by the immunohistochemistry method with a newly developed monoclonal antibody (mAb) against lycopene. A main objective of this study is to evaluate the performance of a new noninvasive immunofluorescence (IF) lycopene quantification skin test with mAbs against lycopene versus HPLC lycopene assay of serum lycopene in volunteers subjected to lycopene supplementation which represents a novel approach to lycopene measurement methodology...
June 2018: Monoclonal Antibodies in Immunodiagnosis and Immunotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29813003/preparation-and-application-of-a-monoclonal-antibody-against-chicken-trim62
#12
Xiaoman Wang, Yongzhen Zhao, Ling Li, Ziqiang Cheng, Guihua Wang
TRIM62 is a member of the tripartite interaction motif (TRIM) family and exerts crucial roles in innate immune response and cancer. To investigate the relationship between its distribution and avian retrovirus replication, in the present study, a monoclonal antibody (mAb) against chicken TRIM62 was generated. The open reading frame of chicken TRIM62 was amplified by polymerase chain reaction (PCR) and inserted into the expression vector pET-28a. The recombinant expression vectors were transformed into Escherichia coli BL21 (DE3)...
June 2018: Monoclonal Antibodies in Immunodiagnosis and Immunotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29812999/generation-of-rat-monoclonal-antibodies-specific-for-dzip3
#13
Daisuke Oikawa, Masayuki Shiota, Fuminori Tokunaga, Hideki Wanibuchi
DAZ interacting zinc finger 3 (DZIP3), an RNA-binding RING-type ubiquitin ligase, has been reported to be involved in multiple physiological functions, including the regulation of chemokine- or estradiol-induced gene expression, self-renewal, and maintaining pluripotency in mouse embryonic stem cells. However, the precise cellular functions of DZIP3 remain elusive. In this study, we report the establishment of DZIP3-specific monoclonal antibodies (MAbs), using the rat medial iliac lymph node method. In immunoblotting analyses, our antibodies detected endogenous human and mouse DZIP3...
June 2018: Monoclonal Antibodies in Immunodiagnosis and Immunotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29630446/47-mg-2a-a-mouse-igg-2a-type-of-pcmab-47-useful-for-detecting-podocalyxin-in-esophageal-cancers-by-immunohistochemistry
#14
Mika K Kaneko, Shunsuke Itai, Shinji Yamada, Yukinari Kato
Esophageal cancer is one of the highly malignant cancers. It comprises two of the most common histological tumor types: squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) and adenocarcinoma. SCC accounts for about 90% of esophageal cancers. Despite developments in treatment strategies, the prognosis and survival rate remain poor. Podocalyxin (PODXL) is a highly glycosylated type-I transmembrane protein. It is expressed in normal tissues such as kidney, heart, breast, and pancreas. Upregulation of PODXL correlates with tumor progression, invasion, and metastasis...
June 2018: Monoclonal Antibodies in Immunodiagnosis and Immunotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29608407/epitope-mapping-of-monoclonal-antibody-pmab-48-against-dog-podoplanin
#15
Shinji Yamada, Mika K Kaneko, Shunsuke Itai, Yao-Wen Chang, Takuro Nakamura, Miyuki Yanaka, Satoshi Ogasawara, Takeshi Murata, Hiroaki Uchida, Hideaki Tahara, Hiroyuki Harada, Yukinari Kato
Podoplanin (PDPN), a type I transmembrane sialoglycoprotein, is expressed on normal renal podocytes, pulmonary type I alveolar cells, and lymphatic endothelial cells. Increased expression of PDPN in cancers is associated with poor prognosis and hematogenous metastasis through interactions with C-type lectin-like receptor 2 (CLEC-2) on platelets. We previously reported a novel PMab-48 antibody, which is an anti-dog PDPN (dPDPN) monoclonal antibody (mAb) recognizing PDPN expressed in lymphatic endothelial cells...
June 2018: Monoclonal Antibodies in Immunodiagnosis and Immunotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29723111/elucidation-of-the-tmab-6-monoclonal-antibody-epitope-against-telomerase-reverse-transcriptase
#16
Mika K Kaneko, Shinji Yamada, Shunsuke Itai, Yao-Wen Chang, Takuro Nakamura, Miyuki Yanaka, Hiroyuki Harada, Hiroyoshi Suzuki, Yukinari Kato
Telomerase reverse transcriptase (TERT) and mutations of the TERT promoter are significant in the pathogenesis of 1p/19q-codeleted oligodendrogliomas and isocitrate dehydrogenase gene wild-type glioblastomas, as well as melanomas and squamous cell carcinomas. We previously developed an antihuman TERT monoclonal antibody (mAb), TMab-6, which is applicable in immunohistochemistry for human tissues. However, the binding epitope of TMab-6 against TERT is yet to be elucidated. In this study, enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay and immunohistochemistry were utilized for investigating the epitope of TMab-6...
May 3, 2018: Monoclonal Antibodies in Immunodiagnosis and Immunotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29708868/multiple-tolerization-reduces-antibody-binding-against-tolerogen-cells-implications-for-the-production-of-monoclonal-antibodies
#17
Rodrigo de Almeida, Cecília Naomi Nakamura, Marina de Lima Fontes, Julia Paiola da Silva, Matheus Bertanha, Elenice Deffune, Ana Marisa Fusco-Almeida, Andrei Moroz
We report an immunization technique that can update the production of monoclonal antibodies (mAbs): the multiple tolerization subtractive immunization (MTSI). A total of 10 BALB/C mice were used. Animals in group 1 received one inoculation of RWPE-1 cells (nontumoral), followed by cyclophosphamide, and then received serial inoculations of nonirradiated PC3 cells (tumoral). Animals in group 2 received our MTSI protocol, as follows: one inoculation of RWPE-1 cells, followed by cyclophosphamide (Cy). This whole tolerization step was repeated three other times, with 14-day intervals between the last Cy exposure and the next RWPE-1 cell inoculation...
April 2018: Monoclonal Antibodies in Immunodiagnosis and Immunotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29708867/development-of-monoclonal-antibodies-specifically-recognizing-the-nonstructural-protein-12-of-type-2-porcine-reproductive-and-respiratory-syndrome-virus
#18
Liwei Li, Fei Gao, Yifeng Jiang, Wu Tong, Hao Zheng, Tongling Shan, Ning Kong, Hai Yu, Deqiang Yang, Kuan Zhao, Yujiao Zhang, Guangzhi Tong
Porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome virus (PRRSV) is one of the most important viral pathogens that has caused tremendous economic losses to the swine industry worldwide. Although extensive research has been focused on PRRSV, little is known about the structure and biological functions of individual nonstructural viral proteins, especially the nonstructural protein 12 (Nsp12). In this study, we generated and identified the monoclonal antibody (mAb) against PRRSV Nsp12. Six strains of hybridoma cells named 2B10, 2B12, 5E1, 5G6, 5E7, and 8B2 secreting anti-Nsp12 mAbs were obtained by the hybridoma technique...
April 2018: Monoclonal Antibodies in Immunodiagnosis and Immunotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29708866/the-characterization-of-monoclonal-antibodies-to-mouse-tlt-1-suggests-that-tlt-1-plays-a-role-in-wound-healing
#19
Barbara Manfredi, Jessica Morales-Ortíz, Lymarie M Díaz-Díaz, Liz Hernandez-Matias, Delmaliz Barreto-Vázquez, Javier Menéndez-Pérez, J Alejandro Rodríguez-Cordero, Juan C Villalobos-Santos, Edgardo Santiago-Rivera, Adriana Rivera-Dompenciel, Eunice L Lozada-Delgado, Madhavi Kuchibhotla, Kelvin Carrasquillo-Carrión, Abiel Roche-Lima, A Valance Washington
Platelets play a vital role in hemostasis and inflammation. The membrane receptor TREM-like transcript-1 (TLT-1) is involved in platelet aggregation, bleeding, and inflammation, and it is localized in the α-granules of platelets. Upon platelet activation, TLT-1 is released from α-granules both in its transmembrane form and as a soluble fragment (sTLT-1). Higher levels of sTLT-1 have been detected in the plasma of patients with acute inflammation or sepsis, suggesting an important role for TLT-1 during inflammation...
April 2018: Monoclonal Antibodies in Immunodiagnosis and Immunotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29649375/anti-podocalyxin-monoclonal-antibody-47-mg-2a-detects-lung-cancers-by-immunohistochemistry
#20
Shinji Yamada, Shunsuke Itai, Mika K Kaneko, Yukinari Kato
Lung cancer is one of the leading causes of cancer-related deaths in the world. Regardless of the advances in lung cancer treatments, the prognosis is still poor. Podocalyxin (PODXL) is a highly glycosylated type I transmembrane protein that is expressed in normal tissues, including the heart, pancreas, and breast. It is also found and used as a diagnostic marker in many cancers, such as renal, brain, breast, oral, and lung cancers. We previously developed specific and sensitive anti-PODXL monoclonal antibodies, PcMab-47 (mouse IgG1 , kappa) and its mouse IgG2a -type (47-mG2a ), both of which were suitable for immunohistochemical analyses of oral cancers...
April 2018: Monoclonal Antibodies in Immunodiagnosis and Immunotherapy
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