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Journal of Diabetes and Metabolic Disorders

Maryam Karkhaneh, Mostafa Qorbani, Mohamad Reza Mohajeri-Tehrani, Saeed Hoseini
Background: Increased serum complement C3 has been related to body fat mass, metabolic syndrome and chronic diseases. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the levels of C3 in the subjects of normal weight obese (hereafter NWO) as well as their possible relationships with metabolic syndrome and inflammation. Methods: In this case-control study, 40 obese women with normal weight (body mass index (BMI) = 18.5-24.9 kg/m2) and body fat percentage above 30% (fat mass (FM) > 30%) and 30 non-obese women (BMI = 18...
2017: Journal of Diabetes and Metabolic Disorders
Masoume Mansouri, Farshad Sharifi, Mehdi Varmaghani, Hamid Yaghubi, Yousef Moghadas Tabrizi, Maede Raznahan, Alireza Khajavi, Maryam Ghodsi, Payam Roshanfekr, Gita Shafiee, Abasali Keshtkar, Mahdi Ebrahimi
Background: The physical health assessment of university students in Iran is a national large scale assessment examining health behaviors among tertiary education students. Understanding risky health behaviors which are the major sources of global mortality and morbidity in adulthood is the key objective of this assessment. Methods: In academic year of 2012-2013, newly admitted students (N = 151,671) at 74 governmental eligible universities that had health center from 28 provinces were invited to participate in the health assessment program...
2017: Journal of Diabetes and Metabolic Disorders
Pawan Krishan, Gaaminepreet Singh, Onkar Bedi
Background: Carbohydrate restricted diet regimen is widely accepted as therapeutic approach for the treatment of kidney disease associated with type-2 diabetes, obesity and hypertensive disorders. The present study tested the influence of carbohydrate-energy restricted diet (CR) on type-1 diabetes induced renal dysfunction, hypoxia and structural alterations against diabetic rat group fed control diet (ad libitium). Methods: Male wistar rats weighing between 180 and 190 g were subjected to 30% carbohydrate energy restricted diet (CR) and diabetes was induced by administration of streptozotocin (45 mg/kg...
2017: Journal of Diabetes and Metabolic Disorders
Shivani Srivastava, Priya Shree, Yamini Bhusan Tripathi
Background: We had earlier reported that the extract of Pueraria tuberosa significantly inhibits DPP-IV enzyme, resulting in glucose tolerance response in rats. In this study, we have explored the active phytochemicals responsible for this potential. The results have been validated in both fasting and postprandial states in the plasma of normal rats and also in fasting blood and intestinal homogenates of diabetic models. Methods: Pueraria tuberosa water extract (PTWE) was administered to normal Charles Foster rats for 35 days and to diabetic model (65 mg/kg bw) for 10 days...
2017: Journal of Diabetes and Metabolic Disorders
Shuang Liang, Hang Yin, Chunxiang Wei, Linjun Xie, Hua He, Xiaoquan Liu
Aims: It is consensus that glucose variability (GV) plays an important role in maccomplications of type 2 diabetes, but whether GV has a causal role is not yet clear for cardiovascular disease (CVD). This study sought to explore the effect on GV for CVD risk factors with type 2 diabetes. Methods: The systematic literature search was performed to identify all GV and CVD risk factors, including total cholesterol (TC), LDL cholesterol (LDL-C), triglyceride (TG), HDL cholesterol (HDL-C), Body Mass Index (BMI), waist circumference (WC), High-Sensitivity C-reactive protein (Hs-CRP), Homeostasis model assessment (HOMA) and carotid intima-media thickness (IMT)...
2017: Journal of Diabetes and Metabolic Disorders
Miyako Kishimoto, Saori Tamada, Yoko Oshiba
Background: Glucose control for pregnant women with glucose intolerance is important, as hyperglycemia may adversely affect the mother and the fetus. Case presentation: We report the case of a pregnant Japanese woman who experienced gestational diabetes mellitus during her first pregnancy and developed impaired glucose tolerance after the delivery. During her second pregnancy with twins, she required up to 75 units of injected insulin to control her postprandial hyperglycemia and occasionally experienced hypoglycemia...
2017: Journal of Diabetes and Metabolic Disorders
Farideh Razi, Katayoon Forouzanfar, Fatemeh Bandarian, Ensieh Nasli-Esfahani
Background: Low density lipoprotein -Cholesterol (LDL-C) is one of the main factors for assessment of cardiovascular disease risk and it is more important in diabetic patients. Various methods are currently used for LDL-C measurements which are compared in this study. Methods: This study was conducted in Diabetes Research Center based on laboratory results of 1721 diabetic patients who referred to laboratory for regular follow-up of lipid profile. LDL-C was measured directly and also estimated according to Friedwald, Anandraja and Chen formulas...
2017: Journal of Diabetes and Metabolic Disorders
Akbar Soltani, Mandana Pourian, Babak Mostafazadeh Davani
[This corrects the article DOI: 10.1186/s40200-016-0226-x.].
2017: Journal of Diabetes and Metabolic Disorders
Yaghooblou Fatemeh, Fereydoun Siassi, Abbas Rahimi, Fariba Koohdani, Farideh Doostan, Mostafa Qorbani, Gity Sotoudeh
BACKGROUND: Spice consumption helps the treatment of diseases due to their antioxidant and anti-inflammatory contents. Cardamom is one of this spices; therefore, this study is designed to determine the effect of cardamom supplementation on serum lipids, glycemic indices, and blood pressure in pre-diabetic women. METHODS: Eighty overweight or obese pre-diabetic women were randomly allocated to two groups. The intervention group received 3 g of green cardamom and the placebo group received 3 g of rusk powder for 2 months...
2017: Journal of Diabetes and Metabolic Disorders
Abdulmonim A Alqasim, Essam Eldin M Noureldin, Sami H Hammadi, Ghada E Esheba
BACKGROUND: Diabetes mellitus (DM) is a serious chronic disease, with multiple complications including hepatopathy associated with imbalance of the oxidative status. The purpose of this study is to observe possible protective effects of vitamin-D and melatonin on glucose profile, antioxidant-oxidant status, lipid peroxidation, and histopathological protection of the liver in streptozotocin-induced diabetic rats. METHODS: Eighty three male albino rats were divided into nine groups as follows: G1 (n = 10) Normal control rats; G2 (n = 8) were normal rats treated with melatonin only; G3 (n = 10) were normal rats treated with vitamin D only; G4 (n = 9) were diabetic rats, which received no medications; G5 (n = 8) were diabetic rat treated with insulin only; G6 (n = 10) were diabetic rats treated with melatonin only; G7 (n = 9) were diabetic rats treated with melatonin and insulin; G8 (n = 9) were diabetic rats treated with vitamin D only; G9 (n = 10) were diabetic rats treated with vitamin D and insulin...
2017: Journal of Diabetes and Metabolic Disorders
Maryam Sanaei, Mohammad Banasiri, Gita Shafiee, Mahsa Rostami, Saba Alizad, Mehdi Ebrahimi, Bagher Larijani, Ramin Heshmat
[This corrects the article DOI: 10.1186/s40200-016-0227-9.].
2017: Journal of Diabetes and Metabolic Disorders
Mohit Vijay Rojekar, Vandana Kumawat, Jayesh Panot, Surekha Khedkar, Arati Adhe-Rojekar
BACKGROUND: Glucometers are the excellent tools for self-monitoring of blood glucose (SMBG). They are important especially in the circumstances where continuous monitoring is mandatory and at decision making levels. Tight glycemic control protocols are important for preventing the ill effects of fluctuating glucose levels. This increases the use of glucometers in various healthcare settings. As technology advances, glucometers are getting better in terms of quality of results. But still some lacunae are there...
2017: Journal of Diabetes and Metabolic Disorders
Sedigheh Shams, Maliheh Barazandeh Tehrani, Gabriel Civallero, Koosha Minookherad, Roberto Giugliani, Aria Setoodeh, Mohammad Taghi Haghi Ashtiani
BACKGROUND: Mucopolysaccharidosis type IVA, also known as Morquio A or MPS IV A, is an autosomal recessive disease caused by the deficiency of the lysosomal enzyme N-acetylgalactosamine-6-sulfate sulfatase (GALNS). The loss of GALNS activity leads to the impaired breakdown of glycosaminoglycans (GAGs) keratan sulfate and chondroitin-6-sulfate. The accumulation of GAGs results in multiple organ damage. The accurate and early diagnosis of this disorder helps enhance the effectiveness of the treatment...
2017: Journal of Diabetes and Metabolic Disorders
Prapaipan Putthapiban, Weera Sukhumthammarat, Chutintorn Sriphrapradang
BACKGROUND: Diabetes mellitus (DM) has been one of the most common chronic diseases that create great impacts on both morbidities and mortalities. Many patients who suffering from this disease seek for complementary and alternative medicine. The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence and related factors of herbal and dietary supplement (HDS) use in patients with DM type 2 at a single university hospital in Thailand. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was performed in 200 type 2 DM patients via face-to-face structured interviews using developed questionnaires comprised of demographic data, diabetes-specific information, details on HDS use, and medical adherence...
2017: Journal of Diabetes and Metabolic Disorders
Alipasha Meysamie, Fereshteh Salarvand, MirHojjat Khorasanizadeh, Reza Ghalehtaki, Mahsa Eskian, Saeed Ghodsi, Shirin Ghalehtaki, Mehrshad Abbasi, Koroush Etemad, Fereshteh Asgari, Alireza Esteghamati
BACKGROUND: Handling the growing epidemic of coronary heart disease in developing nations hinges on primary prevention, which logistically requires directing preventive interventions to those at the highest risk. Therefore, implementing cardiovascular risk assessment profiles is crucial to distinguish high risk groups who truly need extensive preventive measures. We aimed to draw a picture of the cardiovascular risk profiles in the Iranian adult population for the first time. METHODS: Demographic, anthropometric, and laboratory data as well as blood pressure and smoking status of 3944 subjects participating in the 2011 national surveillance of risk factors for non-communicable diseases were used to calculate the mean estimated risk of coronary artery disease and the relative frequency of low-, medium- and high-risk subjects based on FRS and SCORE indices in general population as well as different age, sex, and residence subgroups...
2017: Journal of Diabetes and Metabolic Disorders
Mojtaba Akbari, Bagher Larijani, Sasan Sharghi, Ali Jalili, Sayed Mahmoud Sajjadi-Jazi
BACKGROUND: Tumor-induced osteomalacia is an uncommon paraneoplastic syndrome caused by Fibroblast growth factor-23-secreting tumors. It is characterized by phosphaturia, hypophosphatemia, and a high plasma level of alkaline phosphatase. CASE PRESENTATION: We report a young patient with psoriasis who had suffered from bone pain and muscle weakness for more than 6.5 years. He was finally diagnosed with tumor-induced osteomalacia. However, mistakenly attributing the patient's signs and symptoms to psoriatic arthritis for a long time had resulted in multiple complications for the patient...
2017: Journal of Diabetes and Metabolic Disorders
Mostafa Qorbani, Farshad Farzadfar, Reza Majdzadeh, Kazem Mohammad, Abbas Motevalian
BACKGROUND: Our aim was to explore the technical efficiency (TE) of the Iranian rural primary healthcare (PHC) system for diabetes treatment coverage rate using the stochastic frontier analysis (SFA) as well as to examine the strength and significance of the effect of human resources density on diabetes treatment. METHODS: In the SFA model diabetes treatment coverage rate, as a output, is a function of health system inputs (Behvarz worker density, physician density, and rural health center density) and non-health system inputs (urbanization rate, median age of population, and wealth index) as a set of covariates...
2017: Journal of Diabetes and Metabolic Disorders
Maryam Bahreynian, Mostafa Qorbani, Shohreh Naderimagham, Sara Nejatinamini, Asal Ataie-Jafari, Farshad Sharifi, Fahad Saqib, Alireza Khajavi, Morteza Mansourian, Ali Asghar Ahmadishokouh, Hamid Asayesh, Omid Safari, Roya Kelishadi
BACKGROUND: Vitamin A deficiency (VAD) is considered as one of the most serious public health concerns in developing countriesand the leading cause of mortality in under-five-year-old children.A large number of young children and pregnant women especially in low-income, non-industrialized communities are more susceptible to VAD. This study aims to report the burden of disease (BOD) attributable to VAD in Iranian population aged less than 5 years by using data of the Global Burden of Disease (GBD) study 2010...
2017: Journal of Diabetes and Metabolic Disorders
Babak Mohammadi, Marjan Saeedi, Vahid Haghpanah
Production of scientific data has been accelerated exponentially though ease of access to the required knowledge is still challenging. Hence, the emergence of new frameworks to allow more efficient storage of information would be beneficial. Attaining intelligent platforms enable the smart article to serve as a forum for exchanging idea among experts of academic disciplines for a rapid and efficient scientific discourse.
2017: Journal of Diabetes and Metabolic Disorders
Larry K Golightly, Bonita A Simendinger, Gerard R Barber, Nancy M Stolpman, Steven D Kick, Michael T McDermott
BACKGROUND: In outpatient populations, hypoglycemia has been associated with tramadol. We sought to determine the magnitude of risk for hypoglycemia associated with tramadol use in hospitalized patients. METHODS: During a 2-year period of observation, adult inpatients who received ≥1 dose of tramadol were identified and their medical records were reviewed. Patients were included if they had blood or plasma glucose (BG) concentrations measured on at least two occasions within five days after the initial administration of tramadol...
2017: Journal of Diabetes and Metabolic Disorders
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