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Journal of the Pediatric Infectious Diseases Society

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30212842/lemons-and-lyme
#1
Stanley A Plotkin
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 13, 2018: Journal of the Pediatric Infectious Diseases Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30215763/temporal-trends-in-co-trimoxazole-use-among-children-on-antiretroviral-therapy-and-the-impact-of-co-trimoxazole-on-mortality-rates-in-children-without-severe-immunodeficiency
#2
David C Boettiger, Matthew G Law, Annette H Sohn, Mary-Ann Davies, Kara Wools-Kaloustian, Valeriane Leroy, Marcel Yotebieng, Michael Vinikoor, Rachel Vreeman, Madeleine Amorissani-Folquet, Andrew Edmonds, Geoffrey Fatti, James Batte, Lorna Renner, Adebola Adedimeji, Azar Kariminia
Background: Co-trimoxazole is recommended for all children with human immunodeficiency virus. In this analysis, we evaluate trends in pediatric co-trimoxazole use and survival on co-trimoxazole in children using antiretroviral therapy (ART). Methods: We used data collected between January 1, 2006, and March 31, 2016, from the International Epidemiology Databases to Evaluate AIDS. Logistic regression was used to evaluate factors associated with using co-trimoxazole at ART initiation...
September 11, 2018: Journal of the Pediatric Infectious Diseases Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30189047/outcomes-of-pediatric-central-nervous-system-tuberculosis-in-california-1993-2011
#3
Alexandra Duque-Silva, Varsha Hampole, Yi-Ning Cheng, Jennifer Flood, Pennan M Barry
Background: Our goal was to describe the characteristics and posttreatment outcomes of pediatric patients with central nervous system (CNS) tuberculosis (TB) and to identify factors associated with poor outcome. Methods: We included children aged 0 to 18 years with CNS TB reported to the California TB registry between 1993 and 2011. Demographics, clinical characteristics, severity of disease at presentation (Modified Medical Research Council stage I, II, or III [III is most severe]), treatment, and outcomes during the year after treatment completion were abstracted systematically from the medical and public health records...
September 4, 2018: Journal of the Pediatric Infectious Diseases Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30189013/addressing-hand-hygiene-compliance-in-a-low-resource-neonatal-intensive-care-unit-a-quality-improvement-project
#4
Arunava Biswas, Sangeeta Das Bhattacharya, Arun Kumarendu Singh, Mallika Saha
Objective: Our goal for this study was to quantify healthcare provider compliance with hand hygiene protocols and develop a conceptual framework for increasing hand hygiene compliance in a low-resource neonatal intensive care unit. Materials and Methods: We developed a 3-phase intervention that involved departmental discussion, audit, and follow-up action. A 4-month unobtrusive audit during night and day shifts was performed. The audit results were presented, and a conceptual framework of barriers to and solutions for increasing hand hygiene compliance was developed collectively...
September 4, 2018: Journal of the Pediatric Infectious Diseases Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30184217/pediatric-tetanus-in-central-pennsylvania
#5
Bilaal S Ahmed, Michael J Beck, Gregory Williamson, Jessica E Ericson, Parvathi Kumar
Approximately 20% of the nationally reported tetanus infections in children aged 0 to 14 years that occurred in the United States between 2005 and 2015 were treated at Penn State Children's Hospital. With an electronic medical record search, we identified 5 cases of pediatric tetanus; 100% of these cases occurred in unimmunized children. Their median length of stay was 10 days, and the costs were significant.
September 4, 2018: Journal of the Pediatric Infectious Diseases Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30189029/respiratory-pathogens-in-children-1-month-to-5-years-of-age-presenting-with-undifferentiated-acute-respiratory-distress-in-2-district-level-hospitals-in-ghana
#6
Patrick T Wilson, Frank Baiden, Joshua C Brooks, Katie M Giessler, Gavin Apio, Damien Punguyire, Rachel T Moresky, Justice Sylverken, Kwadwo Nyarko-Jectey, Harry Tagbor, Philip S LaRussa
Ghanaian children (2176) aged <5 years who presented with undifferentiated acute respiratory distress were tested for respiratory pathogens using a BioFire FilmArray polymerase chain reaction assay. Rhinovirus and/or enterovirus was detected in 36% of the assays, respiratory syncytial virus in 11%, and parainfluenza in 7%. Respiratory syncytial virus and metapneumovirus were detected more frequently in the rainy season than in the dry season.
September 3, 2018: Journal of the Pediatric Infectious Diseases Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30184211/painless-skin-ulcer-in-a-5-year-old-girl-from-colombia
#7
Alejandro Diaz, Natalia Osorio, Joshua R Watson
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 3, 2018: Journal of the Pediatric Infectious Diseases Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30184153/viral-etiology-of-acute-gastroenteritis-in-2-year-old-us-children-in-the-post-rotavirus-vaccine-era
#8
Ferdaus Hassan, Neena Kanwar, Christopher J Harrison, Natasha B Halasa, James D Chappell, Janet A Englund, Eileen J Klein, Geoffrey A Weinberg, Peter G Szilagyi, Mary E Moffatt, M Steven Oberste, William A Nix, Shannon Rogers, Michael D Bowen, Jan Vinjé, Mary E Wikswo, Umesh D Parashar, Daniel C Payne, Rangaraj Selvarangan
Background: The rotavirus disease burden has declined substantially since rotavirus vaccine was introduced in the United States in 2006. The aim of this study was to determine the viral etiology of acute gastroenteritis (AGE) in US children aged <2 years. Methods: The New Vaccine Surveillance Network (NVSN) of geographically diverse US sites conducts active pediatric population-based surveillance in hospitals and emergency departments. Stool samples were collected from children aged <2 years with symptoms of AGE (n = 330) and age-matched healthy controls (HCs) (n = 272) between January and December 2012...
September 3, 2018: Journal of the Pediatric Infectious Diseases Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30184210/intrafamilial-transmission-of-parechovirus-a-and-enteroviruses-in-neonates-and-young-infants
#9
Ryohei Izumita, Kazuki Deuchi, Yuta Aizawa, Rie Habuka, Kanako Watanabe, Taketo Otsuka, Akihiko Saitoh
Background: Parechovirus A (PeV-A) is an important cause of sepsis and meningoencephalitis in neonates and young infants. Thus, identifying the source of PeV-A is essential for prevention; however, little is known regarding the spread of PeV-A among family members of PeV-A-infected neonates and young infants. Methods: In this prospective study, we evaluated stool samples from family members of PeV-A-infected neonates and infants younger than 4 months who presented with sepsis, meningoencephalitis, or both in Niigata, Japan, in 2016...
September 1, 2018: Journal of the Pediatric Infectious Diseases Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30169867/corrigendum
#10
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 29, 2018: Journal of the Pediatric Infectious Diseases Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30169837/human-immunodeficiency-virus-hiv-antibody-repertoire-estimates-reservoir-size-and-time-of-antiretroviral-therapy-initiation-in-virally-suppressed-perinatally-hiv-infected-children
#11
Salvatore Rocca, Paola Zangari, Nicola Cotugno, Anita De Rossi, Bridget Ferns, Davide Petricone, Stefano Rinaldi, Carlo Giaquinto, Stefania Bernardi, Pablo Rojo, Paolo Rossi, Savita Pahwa, Eleni Nastouli, Paolo Palma
Background: Assays to estimate human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) reservoir size require large amounts of blood, which represents a drawback especially in pediatric settings. We investigated whether HIV-antibody repertoire could estimate the viral reservoir size. Moreover, we assessed the magnitude of HIV-antibody response as a predictor of time of antiretroviral therapy (ART) initiation. Methods: Human immunodeficiency virus-antibody responses to 10 different viral proteins were evaluated by HIV Western blot (WB) kit and a WB score was assigned to each patient...
August 28, 2018: Journal of the Pediatric Infectious Diseases Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30169816/oral-management-for-pediatric-lyme-meningitis
#12
Santiago M C Lopez, Brian T Campfield, Andrew J Nowalk
Background: Guidelines for pediatric Lyme meningitis recommend treatment with parenteral therapy [1, 2]. Adult studies suggest that Lyme meningitis can be successfully treated with oral therapy. Our objective was to evaluate the clinical response, side effects and outcome of oral therapy for Lyme meningitis in the pediatric population compared with parenteral therapy in an area endemic for Lyme disease. Methods: We conducted a case series chart review from January 2012 to May 2017 of pediatrics patient diagnosed and treated for Lyme meningitis...
August 28, 2018: Journal of the Pediatric Infectious Diseases Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30165563/perianal-infections-in-children-with-acute-myeloid-leukemia-a-report-from-the-canadian-infection-in-acute-myeloid-leukemia-research-group
#13
Samuele Renzi, Jack Bartram, Salah Ali, Carol Portwine, David Mitchell, David Dix, Victor Lewis, Victoria Price, Donna L Johnston, Lillian Sung
Among 235 children with acute myeloid leukemia, 17 experienced 19 perianal infections. Among 12 episodes with definite abscess, 75% were severely neutropenic. Sixteen diagnostic imaging evaluations were performed; diagnostic yield was similar between computerized tomography of pelvis (5 of 10) and ultrasound (3 of 5). Consistent management approaches to perianal infection should be developed.
August 24, 2018: Journal of the Pediatric Infectious Diseases Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30137509/us-emergency-department-visits-for-adverse-drug-events-from-antibiotics-in-children-2011-2015
#14
Maribeth C Lovegrove, Andrew I Geller, Katherine E Fleming-Dutra, Nadine Shehab, Mathew R P Sapiano, Daniel S Budnitz
Background: Antibiotics are among the most commonly prescribed medications for children; however, at least one-third of pediatric antibiotic prescriptions are unnecessary. National data on short-term antibiotic-related harms could inform efforts to reduce overprescribing and to supplement interventions that focus on the long-term benefits of reducing antibiotic resistance. Methods: Frequencies and rates of emergency department (ED) visits for antibiotic adverse drug events (ADEs) in children were estimated using adverse event data from the National Electronic Injury Surveillance System-Cooperative Adverse Drug Event Surveillance project and retail pharmacy dispensing data from QuintilesIMS (2011-2015)...
August 23, 2018: Journal of the Pediatric Infectious Diseases Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30137534/kingella-kingae-and-the-empiric-antibiotic-therapy-for-skeletal-system-infections
#15
Pablo Yagupsky
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 20, 2018: Journal of the Pediatric Infectious Diseases Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30124985/pediatric-histoplasmosis-in-an-area-of-endemicity-a-contemporary-analysis
#16
Christopher P Ouellette, Joseph R Stanek, Amy Leber, Monica I Ardura
Background: Data on pediatric histoplasmosis have been limited to those from outbreak and case reports. We sought to evaluate the contemporary clinical manifestations, laboratory findings, and outcomes in children with histoplasmosis living in an area of endemicity. Methods: This study was a single-center retrospective review of proven and probable cases of histoplasmosis in children aged 0 to 18 years between April 2008 and April 2014. Case ascertainment was ensured by us using International Classification of Diseases, Ninth Revision codes cross-referenced with laboratory, microbiology, and histopathology tests that detected Histoplasma capsulatum...
August 14, 2018: Journal of the Pediatric Infectious Diseases Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30124932/editor-s-note
#17
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 13, 2018: Journal of the Pediatric Infectious Diseases Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30107596/clinical-and-genomic-features-of-the-first-cases-of-elizabethkingia-anophelis-infection-in-new-york-including-the-first-case-in-a-healthy-infant-without-previous-nosocomial-exposure
#18
Erik Snesrud, Patrick McGann, Edward Walsh, Ana Ong, Rosslyn Maybank, Yoon Kwak, Jean Campbell, Anthony Jones, Kelly Vore, Mary Hinkle, Emil Lesho
Elizabethkingia spp are Gram-negative bacteria associated with neonatal meningitis. In 2015-2016, an outbreak of Elizabethkingia anophelis infection that involved 63 patients and 18 deaths occurred in Wisconsin. Despite a multistate investigation, as of September 2016 the source remained undetermined, and experts warned of reemergence. We describe here the first cases of E anophelis infection in New York, including the case of a healthy infant without previous healthcare contact.
August 10, 2018: Journal of the Pediatric Infectious Diseases Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30113691/update-from-the-advisory-committee-on-immunization-practices
#19
Sean T O'Leary, James D Campbell, David W Kimberlin
The Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices (ACIP), a group of medical and public health experts, meets 3 times per year to develop recommendations for vaccine use in the United States. The group has 15 voting members, and each member's term is 4 years. ACIP members and Centers for Disease Control and Prevention staff discuss the epidemiology of vaccine-preventable diseases and vaccine research, effectiveness, safety data, and clinical trial results. Representatives from the American Academy of Pediatrics (J...
August 2, 2018: Journal of the Pediatric Infectious Diseases Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30085136/prevention-and-control-of-youth-camp-associated-acute-gastroenteritis-outbreaks
#20
Anita K Kambhampati, Zachary A Marsh, Michele C Hlavsa, Virginia A Roberts, Antonio R Vieira, Jonathan S Yoder, Aron J Hall
Background: Approximately 14 million children attend more than 14000 US camps every year. Shared accommodations and activities can facilitate acute gastroenteritis (AGE) outbreaks. Methods: We analyzed data from the National Outbreak Reporting System on US youth camp-associated AGE outbreaks that occurred between 2009 and 2016. We also conducted a systematic literature search of youth camp-associated AGE outbreaks that have occurred around the world and a gray literature search for existing recommendations on outbreak prevention and control at camps worldwide...
August 2, 2018: Journal of the Pediatric Infectious Diseases Society
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