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Journal of the Pediatric Infectious Diseases Society

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27856730/multidrug-and-carbapenem-resistant-pseudomonas-aeruginosa-in-children-united-states-1999-2012
#1
Latania K Logan, Sumanth Gandra, Siddhartha Mandal, Eili Y Klein, Jordan Levinson, Robert A Weinstein, Ramanan Laxminarayan
BACKGROUND: Pseudomonas aeruginosa is a common cause of healthcare-associated infection. Multidrug-resistant (MDR) (>3 classes) and carbapenem-resistant (CR) P aeruginosa are significant threats globally. We used a large reference-laboratory database to study the epidemiology of P aeruginosa in children in the United States. METHODS: Antimicrobial susceptibility data from the Surveillance Network were used to phenotypically identify MDR and CR P aeruginosa isolates in children aged 1 to 17 years between January 1999 and July 2012...
November 16, 2016: Journal of the Pediatric Infectious Diseases Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27794078/clemens-von-pirquet-a-remarkable-life-and-career
#2
REVIEW
Stanford T Shulman
From 1908 to 1929, Clemens von Pirquet was one of the world's most acclaimed pediatricians. Von Pirquet (1874-1929) trained at Vienna's Universitäts Kinderklinic under Theodor Escherich, the first Pediatric Infectious Diseases physician [ 1], and became the first Professor and Chair of Pediatrics at Johns Hopkins in 1909. He then succeeded his mentor Escherich as Professor and Chair of Pediatrics in Vienna, the most prestigious European pediatric position, when Escherich died unexpectedly in 1911. He held that position in Vienna until his shocking double suicide at age 54 with his wife in 1929...
October 28, 2016: Journal of the Pediatric Infectious Diseases Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27760800/sustained-high-effectiveness-of-rotateq-on-hospitalizations-attributable-to-rotavirus-associated-gastroenteritis-during-4-years-in-finland
#3
Maria Hemming-Harlo, Timo Vesikari, Matti Uhari, Marjo Renko, Marjo Salminen, Laurence Torcel-Pagnon, Susanne Hartwig, Francois Simondon, Hélène Bricout
KEY POINTS: The effectiveness of pentavalent rotavirus vaccine against rotavirus-associated hospitalization was more than 90% 4 years after introduction into the national immunization program in Finland. A major impact on hospitalization for all-cause gastroenteritis was observed also. BACKGROUND: Rotavirus vaccination with exclusive use of RotaTeq was added to the National Immunization Programme (NIP) of Finland in September 2009. The objective of our study was to estimate the effectiveness and impact of RotaTeq after 4 years of follow-up...
October 19, 2016: Journal of the Pediatric Infectious Diseases Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27760799/vertical-transmission-of-dengue-virus-in-the-peripartum-period-and-viral-kinetics-in-newborns-and-breast-milk-new-data
#4
Lucille Arragain, Myrielle Dupont-Rouzeyrol, Olivia O'Connor, Nathalie Sigur, Jean-Paul Grangeon, Emilie Huguon, Clothilde Dechanet, Cécile Cazorla, Ann-Claire Gourinat, Elodie Descloux
: We investigated 10 mother-newborn pairs and found a 90% rate of dengue virus (DENV) transmission during the perinatal period. Here, we describe DENV kinetics in the sera of newborns before the onset of disease. Of the breast-milk samples analyzed, 75% tested positive for DENV. BACKGROUND: Dengue is the most common mosquito-borne viral disease in humans. With this study, we aimed to investigate the risk of vertical (DENV) transmission during the peripartum period and to describe its viral kinetics in serum and breast milk...
October 19, 2016: Journal of the Pediatric Infectious Diseases Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27760798/trainee-needs-in-pediatric-transplant-infectious-diseases-education
#5
Lakshmi Ganapathi, Lara Danziger-Isakov, Camille Kotton, Deepali Kumar, Shirish Huprikar, Marian G Michaels, Janet A Englund
BACKGROUND: Pediatric transplant infectious diseases (PTID) is emerging as an area of expertise within pediatric infectious diseases. Although guidelines for training in PTID have been published, no prior national survey has been conducted to identify trainee-described needs for instruction in PTID. METHODS: A survey was designed through collaboration between the American Society of Transplantation and the Pediatric Infectious Diseases Society, to assess trainee exposure, self-knowledge, and self-competency in PTID...
October 19, 2016: Journal of the Pediatric Infectious Diseases Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27656134/non-type-b-haemophilus-influenzae-invasive-infections-in-north-dakota-and-south-dakota-2013-2015
#6
Stephanie Antony, Ashlesha Kaushik, Clifford Mauriello, Archana Chatterjee
Reports of children with non-type b Haemophilus influenzae infection in the United States in recent years have been limited. Here, we report the spectrum and severity of disease associated with invasive non-type b H influenzae infection in 17 patients at 2 tertiary-care children's hospitals over a 2-year period. Meningitis was the most common diagnosis. The majority of the patients had neurologic sequelae, and 1 patient died. The high proportions of hospitalization, intensive care utilization, and neurologic complications reveal that non-type b H influenzae infection was associated with significant morbidity in this pediatric population...
September 20, 2016: Journal of the Pediatric Infectious Diseases Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27609072/best-practices-for-treatment-of-invasive-methicillin-susceptible-staphylococcus-aureus-infections-the-case-for-oxacillin
#7
James B Wood, Isaac P Thomsen, C Buddy Creech, Jason G Newland
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 7, 2016: Journal of the Pediatric Infectious Diseases Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27856771/a-9-year-old-boy-with-a-chest-mass-and-eosinophilia
#8
Laura E Norton, Sean N Curtis, Jennifer L Goldman
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2016: Journal of the Pediatric Infectious Diseases Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27856770/update-from-the-advisory-committee-on-immunization-practices
#9
Jennifer E Schuster, Sean O'Leary, David W Kimberlin
The Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices (ACIP) consists of medical and public health experts who develop recommendations on vaccine use in the United States. The ACIP meets 3 times per year, and members and Centers for Disease Control (CDC) staff present findings and discuss vaccine research, vaccine effectiveness (VE) and safety, clinical trial results, and labeling/package insert information. Outbreaks of vaccine-preventable diseases and vaccine shortages are also discussed. Nonvoting representatives from the American Academy of Pediatrics and the Pediatric Infectious Diseases Society are present...
December 2016: Journal of the Pediatric Infectious Diseases Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27856674/longitudinal-evaluation-of-language-impairment-in-youth-with-perinatally-acquired-human-immunodeficiency-virus-hiv-and-youth-with-perinatal-hiv-exposure
#10
Sean M Redmond, Tzy-Jyun Yao, Jonathan S Russell, Mabel L Rice, Howard J Hoffman, George K Siberry, Toni Frederick, Murli Purswani, Paige L Williams
BACKGROUND: Language impairment (LI) risk is increased for perinatally acquired human immunodeficiency virus-infected (PHIV) and perinatally exposed to HIV but uninfected (PHEU) youth. This study evaluates the persistence of LI in these groups. METHODS: The Clinical Evaluation of Language Fundamentals was repeated on participants of the Pediatric HIV/AIDS Cohort Study Adolescent Master Protocol 18 months postbaseline. Regression models identified factors associated with change in standardized score (SC) and the resolution or development of LI...
December 2016: Journal of the Pediatric Infectious Diseases Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27856673/associations-of-memory-and-executive-functioning-with-academic-and-adaptive-functioning-among-youth-with-perinatal-hiv-exposure-and-or-infection
#11
Patricia A Sirois, Miriam C Chernoff, Kathleen M Malee, Patricia A Garvie, Lynnette L Harris, Paige L Williams, Steven P Woods, Molly L Nozyce, Betsy L Kammerer, Cenk Yildirim, Sharon L Nichols
BACKGROUND: Perinatally acquired HIV (PHIV) confers risk for neurocognitive impairment, which potentially affects school performance and functional independence of infected children. In this study, we examined the associations of 2 key neurocognitive domains, memory and executive function (EF), with academic and adaptive skills among youth with PHIV and perinatally HIV-exposed but uninfected (PHEU) youth. METHODS: Participants ages 9 to <19 years enrolled in the Pediatric HIV/AIDS Cohort Study's Memory and Executive Functioning Study completed standardized measures of reading and math...
December 2016: Journal of the Pediatric Infectious Diseases Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27856672/executive-functioning-in-children-and-adolescents-with-perinatal-hiv-infection-and-perinatal-hiv-exposure
#12
Sharon L Nichols, Miriam C Chernoff, Kathleen M Malee, Patricia A Sirois, Steven P Woods, Paige L Williams, Cenk Yildirim, Dean Delis, Betsy Kammerer
BACKGROUND: Executive functions (EFs) are critical for management of life activities, but few studies have evaluated EFs in children and adolescents with perinatally acquired HIV (PHIV), who are at risk for problems in academics, behavior, and medication adherence. We compared EFs in youth with PHIV and in perinatally HIV-exposed but uninfected (PHEU) youth. METHODS: Four Delis-Kaplan Executive Function System (D-KEFS) subtests were administered to 173 youth with PHIV and 85 PHEU youth, aged 9 to <19 years, who were enrolled in the Pediatric HIV/AIDS Cohort Study (PHACS) Memory and Executive Functioning Study...
December 2016: Journal of the Pediatric Infectious Diseases Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27856671/deformed-subcortical-structures-are-related-to-past-hiv-disease-severity-in-youth-with-perinatally-acquired-hiv-infection
#13
C Paula Lewis-de Los Angeles, Kathryn I Alpert, Paige L Williams, Kathleen Malee, Yanling Huo, John G Csernansky, Ram Yogev, Russell B Van Dyke, Elizabeth R Sowell, Lei Wang
BACKGROUND: Combination antiretroviral therapy has led to increased survival among youth with perinatally acquired HIV (PHIV). However, cognitive deficits continue to be common. Histopathological studies in adults have found HIV concentrated in subcortical structures, which are involved in sensory processing, movement, and higher-order cognition that emerges with development. METHODS: We conducted magnetic resonance imaging and cognitive testing in 40 youth with PHIV at one site of the Adolescent Master Protocol of the Pediatric HIV/AIDS Cohort Study...
December 2016: Journal of the Pediatric Infectious Diseases Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27856670/brain-and-cognitive-development-among-u-s-youth-with-perinatally-acquired-human-immunodeficiency-virus-infection
#14
Kathleen M Malee, Renee A Smith, Claude A Mellins
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2016: Journal of the Pediatric Infectious Diseases Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27557822/clinical-effectiveness-safety-profile-and-pharmacokinetics-of-daptomycin-in-pediatric-patients-a-systematic-review
#15
Spyridon A Karageorgos, Michael Miligkos, Maria Dakoutrou, Constantinos Tsioutis
Infections by Gram-positive pathogens pose a public health risk, especially due to increasing antibiotic resistance. Daptomycin has efficacy against most clinically important Gram-positive bacteria. Although experience regarding use of daptomycin in adults is increasing, studies on pediatric populations are limited. We aimed to evaluate the efficacy, safety, and pharmacokinetics of daptomycin in pediatric settings. We searched MEDLINE and Clinicaltrials.gov (through April 2016) and included 29 original studies in the final analysis...
December 2016: Journal of the Pediatric Infectious Diseases Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26407276/impact-of-the-maturing-varicella-vaccination-program-on-varicella-and-related-outcomes-in-the-united-states-1994-2012
#16
Jessica Leung, Rafael Harpaz
BACKGROUND: Although the 1-dose varicella vaccination program, introduced in 1996, has led to significant declines in varicella disease, outbreaks continued to occur, which led to the adoption of a 2-dose vaccination program in 2007. We previously reported an 88% decline in varicella-related hospitalizations and a 59% decline in outpatient visits during 1994-2002. We now update data on varicella healthcare utilization with 10 years of additional data, during a period of stabilizing first-dose coverage and rapidly increasing second-dose coverage...
December 2016: Journal of the Pediatric Infectious Diseases Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27534678/contents-page
#17
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2016: Journal of the Pediatric Infectious Diseases Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27534677/subscription-page
#18
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2016: Journal of the Pediatric Infectious Diseases Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27534676/editorial-board
#19
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2016: Journal of the Pediatric Infectious Diseases Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27534675/cover-page
#20
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2016: Journal of the Pediatric Infectious Diseases Society
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