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Applied Neuropsychology. Child

Peviani Valeria, Scarpa Pina, Vedovelli Sara, Bottini Gabriella
The MMSE (Mini-Mental State Examination), which is broadly used as a cognitive screening test for adults, has been successfully adapted and standardized for children of different nationalities. In the Italian clinical settings, the Mini-Mental State Pediatric Examination (MMSPE) is being more and more used as cognitive screening tool for children. However, the Italian norms for the MMSPE are available for the school age only. The current study was aimed at providing clinicians with the Italian normative data of the MMSPE for preschool age...
October 30, 2018: Applied Neuropsychology. Child
Alessia Bocchi, Liana Palermo, Maddalena Boccia, Massimiliano Palmiero, Simonetta D'Amico, Laura Piccardi
Memory for object location requires at least three processes: object recognition, object location, and object-location binding. Gender-related differences during childhood are still a matter of debate, especially concerning memory for object location, where females are expected to outperform males. Memory for object position is pivotal for spatial navigation and its investigation during childhood is crucial in order to understand the roots of gender-related differences in spatial orientation. Actually, environmental objects, namely landmarks, can be located using egocentric and/or allocentric frames of references, as well as using the spatial translation between them...
October 30, 2018: Applied Neuropsychology. Child
Bryana E Killion, Lisa L Weyandt
Numerous deleterious outcomes are associated with child maltreatment, and PTSD secondary to maltreatment is one of the most commonly cited diagnoses that may follow individuals throughout their lives. Recent neuroimaging research has observed significant structural abnormalities in individuals with maltreatment-related PTSD (m-PTSD) compared to maltreated individuals without PTSD and healthy controls. Therefore, the aims of this systematic review were to summarize the literature on brain structure in m-PTSD, identify methodological challenges and limitations, and provide directions for future research...
October 23, 2018: Applied Neuropsychology. Child
Patricia A Garvie, Sharon L Nichols, Paige L Williams, Lynnette L Harris, Betsy Kammerer, Miriam C Chernoff, Veronica Figueroa, Steven Paul Woods
Prospective memory (PM), "remembering to remember," has been linked to important functional outcomes in adults. Studies of PM in children and adolescents would benefit from the development and validation of developmentally appropriate clinical measures with known psychometric properties. The Prospective Memory Assessment for Children & Youth (PROMACY), a performance-based measure of PM, was developed for the Pediatric HIV/AIDS Cohort Study Adolescent Master Protocol, Memory and Executive Functioning Substudy, and includes Summary, Time-, and Event-based scores derived from eight trials with an ongoing word search task...
October 8, 2018: Applied Neuropsychology. Child
Janaína Nuñez Carvalho, Anelise Meurer Renner, Júlia Candia Donat, Tayse Conter de Moura, Rochele Paz Fonseca, Christian Haag Kristensen
There is evidence of an association between childhood maltreatment and lifelong cognitive impairment. Few studies investigate cognitive functioning in maltreated children. The objective of this study was to investigate whether there are differences in executive processing between maltreated and nonmaltreated children. Additionally, clinical symptoms were compared between groups and possible associations between clinical symptoms, and deficits in executive functions were investigated. The sample consisted of 55 children (8-12 years), 30 with a history of maltreatment and 25 with no history of maltreatment...
October 8, 2018: Applied Neuropsychology. Child
Anneli Kolk, Marianne Saard, Lisanna Pertens, Triin Kallakas, Kirsi Sepp, Kai Kornet
Social competence is often impaired in children with acquired brain injury (ABI), but evidence-based rehabilitation has remained undeveloped. This pilot-study aimed to create a structured model for sociocognitive rehabilitation for children with ABI. A total of 32 children aged 8-13 years participated: 22 with ABI -epilepsy, traumatic brain injury, or tic disorder and 10 healthy controls. Interactive computer-based applications were implemented into rehabilitation design using multitouch-multiuser tabletop (MMT) devices: Snowflake MultiTeach (MT) and Diamond Touch Table (DTT), plus MediqVR virtual reality (VR) platform...
October 8, 2018: Applied Neuropsychology. Child
Virginia Varela, Felipe Torres, Mónica Rosselli, Camilo Quezada
This study was conducted to explore the neuropsychological abilities of premature Chilean children. Two groups (Premature and Control, 10 children each, age ranging from 5 to 7.11) were established based on weeks of gestation and/or weight at birth. Relevant variables such as age, gender, schooling, and socioeconomic level were matched considering Chile's particular demographic context. Children were assessed by means of the Evaluación Neuropsicológica Infantil (ENI-2) battery, measuring nine cognitive domains encompassing 23 subscales...
October 8, 2018: Applied Neuropsychology. Child
Sonia Gisela Ríos Cruz, Teresa Olivares Pérez, Sergio Hernández Expósito, Holman Diego Bolívar Barón, Margaret Gillon Dowens, Moisés Betancort Montesinos
We designed and evaluated the efficacy of a computer-based cognitive training program (Executive Function Enhancement Program [EFEP]) to stimulate executive functions through enhancing planning in normally-developing children. A total of 111 Colombian children participated in the study. Fifty-nine (53%) of the children were assigned to the experimental condition (application of the EFEP program) with two levels of planning performance, and fifty-two (47%) to the waiting list control condition with the same two levels of planning...
October 8, 2018: Applied Neuropsychology. Child
Sarah Costelloe, Steve Davis, Penny Cavenagh, Silviya P Doneva
The purpose of this study was to determine whether children who stutter (CWS) and children who do not stutter (CWNS) differ in terms of attentional ability. Participants were 40 age- and gender-matched CWS and CWNS (aged between 72 and 120 months). Attentional ability was assessed using the Test of Everyday Attention for Children (TEA-Ch), a clinical assessment battery comprising 13 attentional measures, assessing three areas of attention: selective attention, sustained attention, and attentional switching...
September 28, 2018: Applied Neuropsychology. Child
Kathryn G Beauchamp, Kelsey A Shaffer, Philip A Fisher, Elliot T Berkman
Adolescence is a time of heightened neural plasticity. Many brain networks show protracted development through this period, such as those underlying inhibitory control (IC), a neurocognitive skill implicated in risk-taking and therefore relevant to public health. Although IC appears to be trainable in adults and young children, whether and how IC may be malleable during adolescence is not fully understood. In this pilot RCT, we tested the effects of a school-based IC training paradigm (versus active control) on IC performance and neural function in adolescents (N = 19) aged 15 to 17 recruited from a low-income school district...
September 28, 2018: Applied Neuropsychology. Child
Alison Wilkinson-Smith, Benjamin Greenberg, Audrey Keech
Autoimmune encephalitis is a rapidly evolving area of study in pediatric populations, and functional neurological symptom disorders are under-studied in children. Differential diagnosis among these disorders is challenging, but pediatric neuropsychologists are uniquely qualified to assist a multidisciplinary team. This case illustrates a young girl with suspected autoimmune encephalitis, whose symptoms were revealed to be primarily functional in nature. She was followed over the course of two years with neuropsychological evaluation and consultation...
September 28, 2018: Applied Neuropsychology. Child
Julia Kerner Auch Koerner, Nicole Gust, Franz Petermann
The dual pathway model of Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) suggests that effortful control and positive approach, or surgency, are independent pathways leading to ADHD. This model has been proven on the basis of temperament in school children, however not in preschool children. In this study we tested whether the dual pathway model of ADHD can be replicated in preschool children using temperamental measures. One hundred and nineteen children (59 girls, M-age = 4.97 years, SD = 0.96) participated in a study...
October 2018: Applied Neuropsychology. Child
Joseph J Ryan, Jennifer L Blacksmith, David S Kreiner, Laura Glass Umfleet
The goals of the present study were to: (a) collect preliminary normative data on the 21-Item Test in children and adolescents and to determine if cutoffs for biased responding in adults can be generalized to a younger population; (b) determine if Caucasian and Hispanic children perform differently on the test; and (c) ascertain the relationships of age and verbal intelligence with effort test performance. The 21-Item Test was administered to 153 children attending either a public (n = 96) or private (n = 57) school...
October 2018: Applied Neuropsychology. Child
Irene C Mammarella, Sara Caviola, David Giofrè, Erika Borella
Deficits in executive functions have been hypothesized and documented for children with severe mathematics anxiety (MA) or developmental dyscalculia, but the role of inhibition-related processes has not been specifically explored. The main aim of the present study was to shed further light on the specificity of these profiles in children in terms of working memory (WM) and the inhibitory functions involved. Four groups of children between 8 and 10 years old were selected: one group with developmental dyscalculia (DD) and no MA, one with severe MA and developmental dyscalculia (MA-DD), one with severe MA and no DD (MA), and one with typical development (TD)...
October 2018: Applied Neuropsychology. Child
Jonathan D Lichtenstein, Kate S Linnea, Arthur C Maerlender
School-based concussion management programs cover thousands of young athletes, yet there is little in the way of research to assess program processes or outcomes. This study examined the referral patterns of consultants working with ten high school concussion management programs. In addition to the number of referrals made to specialists, other potential outcome variables were explored. The sample included over 5,000 athlete-seasons and 298 concussions managed directly by certified athletic trainers. All programs used computerized neuropsychological testing (both baseline and post injury)...
October 2018: Applied Neuropsychology. Child
Emilie Schmetz, Laurence Rousselle, Cécile Ballaz, Jean-Jacques Detraux, Koviljka Barisnikov
This study aims to examine the different levels of visual perceptual object recognition (early, intermediate, and late) defined in Humphreys and Riddoch's model as well as basic visual spatial processing in children using a new test battery (BEVPS). It focuses on the age sensitivity, internal coherence, theoretical validity, and convergent validity of this battery. French-speaking, typically developing children (n = 179; 5 to 14 years) were assessed using 15 new computerized subtests. After selecting the most age-sensitive tasks though ceiling effect and correlation analyses, an exploratory factorial analysis was run with the 12 remaining subtests to examine the BEVPS' theoretical validity...
October 2018: Applied Neuropsychology. Child
Danielle Wexler
When completing pediatric neuropsychological evaluations, it is important for clinicians to incorporate data from children's school environments. Today, the educational data available to neuropsychologists have resulted from the utilization of multi-tiered systems of support (MTSS) within schools; however, practitioners may lack knowledge and/or training in this school-based approach to assessment and intervention. Better understanding of MTSS may aid pediatric neuropsychologists in their interpretation and use of educational data commonly provided by schools...
October 2018: Applied Neuropsychology. Child
Velisa M Johnson, Jacobus Donders
This study examined the role of injury-related variables, socioeconomic disadvantage, and preexisting conditions on verbal learning and memory in a sample of children with traumatic brain injury (TBI). We also explored the mediating effect of processing speed and working memory. One hundred children aged 7-16 years (M = 13.46, SD = 2.78) completed a neuropsychological assessment between 1-12 months post injury. Hierarchical multiple regression analyses were conducted on domains comprising the four-factor model of the California Verbal Learning Test-Children's Version (CVLT-C)...
October 2018: Applied Neuropsychology. Child
Brianne Mohl, Noa Ofen, Lara L Jones, Joseph E Casey, Jeffrey A Stanley
Children with ADHD are at high risk of developing a Reading Disability (RD), although the reasons remain unclear. ADHD-associated impairments, including processing speed, can complicate clinical evaluation for a co-occurring RD diagnosis. We propose a novel metric to (a) assess reading development and (b) provide an alternative method to classifying readers that may aid investigations for etiologies of RD in ADHD. Specifically, as both phonological decoding and word recognition skills are important precursors of reading fluency, we propose a new quantitative method comparing these skills after accounting for variations in perception, motor response, or processing speeds...
October 2018: Applied Neuropsychology. Child
Martin Knoll, Kirsten Arnett, Jeremy Hertza
The minimal amount known regarding chromosomal microduplications and microdeletions presents a fascinating new direction of research into better understanding misunderstood symptoms and overall genomic influence. Specifically, the 16p11.2 microduplication has been associated with a myriad of possible cognitive, physical, and emotional symptoms. The purpose of this study is to inform the reader of the biological basis of the 16p11.2 microduplication, review sources that suggest a link between the microduplication and clinically relevant diagnoses/sources of impairment, and to better understand the implications and development of symptoms through the illustration of a case example...
October 2018: Applied Neuropsychology. Child
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