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Applied Neuropsychology. Child

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30102074/oxidative-stress-contribution-to-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-in-children-with-epilepsy
#1
Marwa Elhady, Eman R Youness, Rehab S I Mostafa, Ali Abdel Aziz, Rania Hussein
Children with epilepsy have a high incidence of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). Oxidation stress and disturbed neurotransmitters are suggested mechanisms; however, their role is not fully explored. This study evaluates the association between circulating malondialdehyde as an oxidation stress marker, apelin neuropeptide, and ADHD in children with epilepsy. Fifty children with epilepsy of unknown etiology, of which 25 have ADHD, as well as 35 healthy children were included. Serum levels of malondialdehyde and apelin were estimated...
August 13, 2018: Applied Neuropsychology. Child
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29963927/using-the-memory-validity-profile-mvp-to-detect-invalid-performance-in-youth-with-mild-traumatic-brain-injury
#2
Brian L Brooks, Elisabeth M S Sherman
Performance validity tests (PVT) should be used when assessing youth with mild traumatic brain injury (MTBI). The goal of this study was to derive a new cutscore for determining invalid performance on the Memory Validity Profile (MVP) in youth with MTBI. Children and adolescents (N = 92; mean age =14.8 years, SD = 2.3, range =8-18) on average six months (SD = 3.6) post-MTBI were administered the MVP as part of their assessment. Two validated PVTs [Test of Memory Malingering (TOMM) and Medical Symptom Validity Test (MSVT)] were administered and used to group the sample into valid (n = 73, neither TOMM/MSVT failed) and invalid (n = 19, both TOMM/MSVT failed)...
July 2, 2018: Applied Neuropsychology. Child
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29958017/maintenance-of-multidomain-neurocognitive-functions-in-pediatric-patients-after-proton-beam-therapy-a-prospective-case-series-study
#3
Chi-Cheng Yang, Shinn-Yn Lin, Chen-Kan Tseng
Proton Beam Therapy (PBT) was developed to minimize the harmful results of radiation therapy as treatment for brain tumors. This study examined the neurocognitive outcomes of PBT in pediatric patients. A total of 8 patients, who received either PBT or photon radiotherapy (XRT), were evaluated with multiple cognitive functions, which include intelligence, memory, executive functions, and attention. Most of patients performed average-to-superior levels of neurocognitive functions (NCF), except that a deterioration of executive functions was revealed in two patients receiving XRT...
June 29, 2018: Applied Neuropsychology. Child
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29939795/fluid-reasoning-and-reading-difficulties-among-children-with-adhd
#4
Quintino R Mano, Kristen E Jastrowski Mano, Julia M Guerin, Robert C Gibler, Stephen P Becker, Carolyn A Denton, Jeffery N Epstein, Leanne Tamm
BACKGROUND: Children with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) commonly experience difficulties in reading and in fluid reasoning (Gf). According to Cattell's Investment Theory (1987), Gf is a causal factor in the development of crystallized knowledge (Gc) and academic skills; therefore, the co-occurrence of reading and Gf difficulties within ADHD may not be coincidental. METHODS: In the present study with children with both ADHD and reading difficulties (n = 187; 61% male; Mage  = 9...
June 25, 2018: Applied Neuropsychology. Child
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28707986/developing-adhd-in-preschool-testing-the-dual-pathway-model-of-temperament
#5
Julia Kerner Auch Koerner, Nicole Gust, Franz Petermann
The dual pathway model of Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) suggests that effortful control and positive approach, or surgency, are independent pathways leading to ADHD. This model has been proven on the basis of temperament in school children, however not in preschool children. In this study we tested whether the dual pathway model of ADHD can be replicated in preschool children using temperamental measures. One hundred and nineteen children (59 girls, M-age = 4.97 years, SD = 0.96) participated in a study...
October 2018: Applied Neuropsychology. Child
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28707956/use-of-the-21-item-test-with-children-and-adolescents-5-to-16-years-of-age
#6
Joseph J Ryan, Jennifer L Blacksmith, David S Kreiner, Laura Glass Umfleet
The goals of the present study were to: (a) collect preliminary normative data on the 21-Item Test in children and adolescents and to determine if cutoffs for biased responding in adults can be generalized to a younger population; (b) determine if Caucasian and Hispanic children perform differently on the test; and (c) ascertain the relationships of age and verbal intelligence with effort test performance. The 21-Item Test was administered to 153 children attending either a public (n = 96) or private (n = 57) school...
October 2018: Applied Neuropsychology. Child
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28682117/separating-math-from-anxiety-the-role-of-inhibitory-mechanisms
#7
Irene C Mammarella, Sara Caviola, David Giofrè, Erika Borella
Deficits in executive functions have been hypothesized and documented for children with severe mathematics anxiety (MA) or developmental dyscalculia, but the role of inhibition-related processes has not been specifically explored. The main aim of the present study was to shed further light on the specificity of these profiles in children in terms of working memory (WM) and the inhibitory functions involved. Four groups of children between 8 and 10 years old were selected: one group with developmental dyscalculia (DD) and no MA, one with severe MA and developmental dyscalculia (MA-DD), one with severe MA and no DD (MA), and one with typical development (TD)...
October 2018: Applied Neuropsychology. Child
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28657773/patterns-of-referral-in-high-school-concussion-management-programs-a-pilot-study-of-consultants-from-different-disciplines
#8
Jonathan D Lichtenstein, Kate S Linnea, Arthur C Maerlender
School-based concussion management programs cover thousands of young athletes, yet there is little in the way of research to assess program processes or outcomes. This study examined the referral patterns of consultants working with ten high school concussion management programs. In addition to the number of referrals made to specialists, other potential outcome variables were explored. The sample included over 5,000 athlete-seasons and 298 concussions managed directly by certified athletic trainers. All programs used computerized neuropsychological testing (both baseline and post injury)...
October 2018: Applied Neuropsychology. Child
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632457/the-bevps-a-new-test-battery-to-assess-visual-perceptual-and-spatial-processing-abilities-in-5-14-year-old-children
#9
Emilie Schmetz, Laurence Rousselle, Cécile Ballaz, Jean-Jacques Detraux, Koviljka Barisnikov
This study aims to examine the different levels of visual perceptual object recognition (early, intermediate, and late) defined in Humphreys and Riddoch's model as well as basic visual spatial processing in children using a new test battery (BEVPS). It focuses on the age sensitivity, internal coherence, theoretical validity, and convergent validity of this battery. French-speaking, typically developing children (n = 179; 5 to 14 years) were assessed using 15 new computerized subtests. After selecting the most age-sensitive tasks though ceiling effect and correlation analyses, an exploratory factorial analysis was run with the 12 remaining subtests to examine the BEVPS' theoretical validity...
October 2018: Applied Neuropsychology. Child
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28613961/school-based-multi-tiered-systems-of-support-mtss-an-introduction-to-mtss-for-neuropsychologists
#10
Danielle Wexler
When completing pediatric neuropsychological evaluations, it is important for clinicians to incorporate data from children's school environments. Today, the educational data available to neuropsychologists have resulted from the utilization of multi-tiered systems of support (MTSS) within schools; however, practitioners may lack knowledge and/or training in this school-based approach to assessment and intervention. Better understanding of MTSS may aid pediatric neuropsychologists in their interpretation and use of educational data commonly provided by schools...
October 2018: Applied Neuropsychology. Child
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28613953/correlates-of-verbal-learning-and-memory-after-pediatric-traumatic-brain-injury
#11
Velisa M Johnson, Jacobus Donders
This study examined the role of injury-related variables, socioeconomic disadvantage, and preexisting conditions on verbal learning and memory in a sample of children with traumatic brain injury (TBI). We also explored the mediating effect of processing speed and working memory. One hundred children aged 7-16 years (M = 13.46, SD = 2.78) completed a neuropsychological assessment between 1-12 months post injury. Hierarchical multiple regression analyses were conducted on domains comprising the four-factor model of the California Verbal Learning Test-Children's Version (CVLT-C)...
October 2018: Applied Neuropsychology. Child
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28569544/novel-reading-index-for-identifying-disordered-reading-skill-development-a-preliminary-study
#12
Brianne Mohl, Noa Ofen, Lara L Jones, Joseph E Casey, Jeffrey A Stanley
Children with ADHD are at high risk of developing a Reading Disability (RD), although the reasons remain unclear. ADHD-associated impairments, including processing speed, can complicate clinical evaluation for a co-occurring RD diagnosis. We propose a novel metric to (a) assess reading development and (b) provide an alternative method to classifying readers that may aid investigations for etiologies of RD in ADHD. Specifically, as both phonological decoding and word recognition skills are important precursors of reading fluency, we propose a new quantitative method comparing these skills after accounting for variations in perception, motor response, or processing speeds...
October 2018: Applied Neuropsychology. Child
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532165/16p11-2-microduplication-and-associated-symptoms-a-case-study
#13
Martin Knoll, Kirsten Arnett, Jeremy Hertza
The minimal amount known regarding chromosomal microduplications and microdeletions presents a fascinating new direction of research into better understanding misunderstood symptoms and overall genomic influence. Specifically, the 16p11.2 microduplication has been associated with a myriad of possible cognitive, physical, and emotional symptoms. The purpose of this study is to inform the reader of the biological basis of the 16p11.2 microduplication, review sources that suggest a link between the microduplication and clinically relevant diagnoses/sources of impairment, and to better understand the implications and development of symptoms through the illustration of a case example...
October 2018: Applied Neuropsychology. Child
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28631970/computerized-neuropsychological-test-performance-of-youth-football-players-at-different-positions-a-comparison-of-high-and-low-contact-players
#14
William T Tsushima, Hyeong Jun Ahn, Andrea M Siu, Tama Fukuyama, Nathan M Murata
The aim of this study was to examine the effects of head impact frequency on the neuropsychological test results of football players who participate in different positions on the team. Based on the biomechanical measures of head impact frequency reported in high school football, a High Contact group (n = 480) consisting of offensive and defensive linemen was compared with a Low Contact group (n = 640) comprised of receivers and defensive backs. The results revealed that the High Contact group obtained poorer performances on the Immediate Post-Concussion Assessment and Cognitive Testing (ImPACT) on three Composite scores (Verbal Memory, Visual Motor Speed, Impulse Control) and the Total Symptom score compared to the Low Contact group...
July 2018: Applied Neuropsychology. Child
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28631968/improving-kindergarten-readiness-in-children-with-developmental-disabilities-changes-in-neural-correlates-of-response-monitoring
#15
Jennifer Martin McDermott, Katherine C Pears, Jacqueline Bruce, Hyoun K Kim, Leslie Roos, Karen L Yoerger, Philip A Fisher
Among children diagnosed with developmental delays, difficulties in self-regulation are prominent and have been linked to school readiness problems. The current study sought to examine the impact of the Kids in Transition to School (KITS) school readiness intervention program on self-regulation, with a specific focus on response monitoring skills, among children with developmental delays. Children (n = 20 in the KITS group and n = 21 in a services as usual group) were administered a flanker task during which event-related potential data were collected to examine group differences in response monitoring...
July 2018: Applied Neuropsychology. Child
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28631966/executive-functioning-of-portuguese-preschoolers-in-the-shape-school-test-a-cross-cultural-study
#16
Joana Rodrigues Rato, Filipa Ribeiro, Alexandre Castro-Caldas
The Shape School is a neuropsychological test of executive functions (EF) for preschool-aged children. The purposes of this study were: (a) to adapt the use of the Shape School for European Portuguese preschool children and (b) to examine the cultural sensitivity of this test comparing the performance of Portuguese sample and U.S. normative sample. The executive functioning of 233 typically developing children aged 3 to 5 years old (M = 57.52; SD = 10.25; in months) was analyzed and according to our results, the adapted version was appropriate to obtain the discrimination among age-groups...
July 2018: Applied Neuropsychology. Child
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28631965/short-term-test-retest-reliability-of-the-impact-in-healthy-young-athletes
#17
Amanda M O'Brien, Joseph E Casey, Rachel M Salmon
The present study examined the short-term test-retest reliability of the Immediate Post-concussion Assessment and Cognitive Testing (ImPACT) variables with healthy 11- to 14-year-old athletes. 53 young athletes (Mage  = 12.4 years, 9 female) were administered the ImPACT on two separate occasions two weeks apart. Participants were instructed to complete the Post-Concussion Symptom Scale (PCSS) and the baseline computerized neurocognitive test during both the baseline and retest phases. Intraclass correlation (ICC), standard error of measurement (SEM), and reliable change index (RCI) were used as reliability metrics...
July 2018: Applied Neuropsychology. Child
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426248/variability-in-neurocognitive-performance-age-gender-and-school-related-differences-in-children-and-from-ages-6-to-12
#18
Renata Kochhann, Hosana Alves Gonçalves, Janice da Rosa Pureza, Vanisa Fante Viapiana, Flavia Dos Passos Fonseca, Jerusa Fumagali Salles, Rochele Paz Fonseca
Cognitive development in children presents peculiarities according to groups of age, gender, and type of school. Few studies have been investigating the effects of all these factors. The aim of this study was to investigate the main effects and the interactions of age, gender, and type of school in 419 children from ages 6 to 12 years old evaluated by the Child Brief Neuropsychological Assessment Battery (NEUPSILIN-Inf). Older children, children in private schools and girls presented better results. Interactions between all three independent variables were observed in different cognitive domains...
July 2018: Applied Neuropsychology. Child
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28418729/relationship-of-cognitive-functions-and-gross-motor-abilities-in-children-with-spastic-diplegic-cerebral-palsy
#19
Alaa Al-Nemr, Faten Abdelazeim
Spastic diplegic cerebral palsy can be accompanied by a myriad of symptoms affecting other body systems including cognitive dysfunction. The purpose of this study was to determine whether a relationship exists between cognitive functions in the form of selective attention and figural memory domains with standing and walking motor abilities in children with diplegic cerebral palsy. The research design was a correlational study. Tasks assessing cognitive function and gross motor abilities were carried out with a sample of 50 children...
July 2018: Applied Neuropsychology. Child
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28388214/pta-scale-for-children-aged-4-to-7-years-selecting-developmentally-valid-and-reliable-items
#20
Suncica Lah, Pamela David, Hayley Donohue, Adrienne Epps, Robyn Tate, Naomi Brookes
The aim of this study was to select developmentally valid and reliable items for inclusion in criterion-referenced (pass > 90%) posttraumatic amnesia (PTA) scale for children aged 4 to 7 years in a prospective cohort study. Fifty-two typically developing children (26 male/26 female) aged 4 to 7 years were administered a set of 10 items (5 orientation, 5 memory) over 3-4 days. The total score obtained on the set of 10 items had poor developmental validity and test-retest reliability. Nevertheless, individual item analysis identified five items (three orientation and two memory items) that were consistently passed by >90% of the children on each day of testing...
July 2018: Applied Neuropsychology. Child
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