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Applied Neuropsychology. Child

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28075186/performance-on-tasks-of-visuospatial-memory-and-ability-a-cross-sectional-study-in-330-adolescents-aged-11-to-20
#1
Rudolf Burggraaf, Maarten A Frens, Ignace T C Hooge, Jos N van der Geest
Cognitive functions mature at different points in time between birth and adulthood. Of these functions, visuospatial skills, such as spatial memory and part-to-whole organization, have often been tested in children and adults but have been less frequently evaluated during adolescence. We studied visuospatial memory and ability during this critical developmental period, as well as the correlation between these abilities, in a large group of 330 participants (aged 11 to 20 years, 55% male). To assess visuospatial memory, the participants were asked to memorize and reproduce sequences of random locations within a grid using a computer...
January 11, 2017: Applied Neuropsychology. Child
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28071971/neuropsychological-implications-of-cobalamin-c-cblc-disease-in-hispanic-children-detected-through-newborn-screening
#2
Ashley M Whitaker, Nina Hattiangadi Thomas, Lauren S Krivitzky, Can H Ficicioglu
Cobalamin C (CblC) disease is the most common inborn error of cobalamin metabolism and recent data has indicated a higher prevalence among children of Hispanic heritage in particular. The purpose of this study was to (a) describe the neuropsychological characteristics of a pilot sample of Hispanic children with CblC disease and (b) explore potential differences in outcome based on underlying genetic mutation(s) and biochemical levels. Six Hispanic children (ages 2-10) diagnosed with CblC disease through newborn screening (NBS) underwent neuropsychological evaluation with a bilingual examiner...
January 10, 2017: Applied Neuropsychology. Child
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28026988/development-of-early-numerical-abilities-of-spanish-speaking-mexican-preschoolers-a-new-assessment-tool
#3
Beatriz Beltrán-Navarro, Roberto A Abreu-Mendoza, Esmeralda Matute, Monica Rosselli
This article presents a tool for assessing the early numerical abilities of Spanish-speaking Mexican preschoolers. The Numerical Abilities Test, from the Evaluación Neuropsicológica Infantil-Preescolar (ENI-P), evaluates four core abilities of number development: magnitude comparison, counting, subitizing, and basic calculation. We evaluated 307 Spanish-speaking Mexican children aged 2 years 6 months to 4 years 11 months. Appropriate internal consistency and test-retest reliability were demonstrated. We also investigated the effect of age, children's school attendance, maternal education, and sex on children's numerical scores...
December 27, 2016: Applied Neuropsychology. Child
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27925764/framework-for-assessment-of-children-s-social-competence-with-particular-focus-on-children-with-brain-injuries
#4
Rebecca Ashton
Children's social competence is important for their general wellbeing and life satisfaction. Often it is an area identified as problematic for children brought to the attention of a psychologist, particularly for children with brain injuries. However, it can be difficult to pin down exactly where social difficulties lie, and therefore how best to help. The current article draws together the literature on social competence from brain injury and from more general developmental research. A hierarchical model is presented with three layers: social adjustment, social functioning, and social cognition...
December 7, 2016: Applied Neuropsychology. Child
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27551909/the-fourth-annual-meeting-of-the-american-college-of-professional-neuropsychology-acpn-poster-roster-march-9-10-2012-las-vegas-nevada
#5
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2017: Applied Neuropsychology. Child
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27050166/neurocognitive-deficits-in-children-and-adolescents-following-maltreatment-neurodevelopmental-consequences-and-neuropsychological-implications-of-traumatic-stress
#6
REVIEW
Brian C Kavanaugh, Jennifer A Dupont-Frechette, Beth A Jerskey, Karen A Holler
Childhood maltreatment is a significant risk factor for a host of psychiatric, developmental, medical, and neurocognitive conditions, often resulting in debilitating and long-term consequences. However, there is no available neuropsychological resource reviewing the literature on the associated neurocognitive deficits in children and adolescents. This review comprehensively examines the 23 prior studies that evaluated the intellectual, language, visual-spatial, memory, motor, and/or attention/executive functions in children and adolescents following an experience of childhood abuse and/or neglect...
January 2017: Applied Neuropsychology. Child
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27049546/neurocognitive-mechanisms-of-mathematical-giftedness-a-literature-review
#7
REVIEW
Li Zhang, John Q Gan, Haixian Wang
Mathematically gifted children/adolescents have demonstrated exceptional abilities and traits in logical reasoning, mental imagery, and creative thinking. In the field of cognitive neuroscience, the past studies on mathematically gifted brains have concentrated on investigating event-related brain activation regions, cerebral laterality of cognitive functions, functional specialization that is uniquely dedicated for specific cognitive purposes, and functional interactions among discrete brain regions. From structural and functional perspectives, these studies have witnessed both "general" and "unique" neural characteristics of mathematically gifted brains...
January 2017: Applied Neuropsychology. Child
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26986060/the-association-of-gender-age-and-intelligence-with-neuropsychological-functioning-in-young-typically-developing-children-the-generation-r-study
#8
Sabine E Mous, Nikita K Schoemaker, Laura M E Blanken, Sandra Thijssen, Jan van der Ende, Tinca J C Polderman, Vincent W V Jaddoe, Albert Hofman, Frank C Verhulst, Henning Tiemeier, Tonya White
Although early childhood is a period of rapid neurocognitive development, few studies have assessed neuropsychological functioning in various cognitive domains in young typically developing children. Also, results regarding its association with gender and intelligence are mixed. In 853 typically developing children aged 6 to 10 years old, the association of gender, age, and intelligence with neuropsychological functioning in the domains of attention, executive functioning, language, memory, sensorimotor functioning, and visuospatial processing was explored...
January 2017: Applied Neuropsychology. Child
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26985999/effects-of-age-and-school-type-on-unconstrained-phonemic-and-semantic-verbal-fluency-in-children
#9
Geise Machado Jacobsen, Mirella Liberatore Prando, André Luiz Moraes, Janice da Rosa Pureza, Hosana Alves Gonçalves, Larissa de Souza Siqueira, Yves Joanette, Rochele Paz Fonseca
Biological and cultural factors have been found to have a significant influence on cognitive development and performance in neuropsychological instruments such as verbal fluency tasks (VFT). Variations of traditional VFT, involving unconstrained word production and increased retrieval times, may provide further data regarding the executive, attentional, mnemonic, and linguistic abilities involved in VFT. As such, the aim of this study was to investigate the impact of age and school type on the performance of 6- to 12-year-old children in unconstrained, phonemic, and semantic VFT...
January 2017: Applied Neuropsychology. Child
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26985833/recent-advances-in-the-neuroimaging-and-neuropsychology-of-cerebral-palsy
#10
REVIEW
A Sophia Gosling
This article reviews the recent advances in understanding of cerebral palsy (CP) and outlines how these advances could inform pediatric neuropsychological rehabilitation. Three main areas are discussed: the improved delineation of differing presentations resulting from more advanced imaging techniques with emerging links to function; a brief review of research examining neuropsychological functioning of children with CP and their quality of life and participation; and lastly, some of the evidence for efficacious interventions and the extent to which these interventions are derived from neuropsychological theory and practice...
January 2017: Applied Neuropsychology. Child
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26985707/fmri-investigation-of-working-memory-in-adolescents-with-surgically-treated-congenital-heart-disease
#11
Tricia Z King, Kristen M Smith, Thomas G Burns, Binjian Sun, Jaemin Shin, Richard A Jones, David Drossner, William T Mahle
Adolescents and young adults with surgically treated congenital heart disease (CHD) have been shown to exhibit difficulties with executive functions; however, the neural underpinnings of these impairments have not been previously examined with functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI). The current study employed fMRI to examine the neural mechanisms during a letter n-back task of working memory compared to vigilance. Seventeen participants with CHD (Mage = 17.76 ± 1.72 years; 88% Caucasian; 30% female; mean IQ = 104...
January 2017: Applied Neuropsychology. Child
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27854141/cognitive-and-academic-achievement-changes-associated-with-day-hospital-rehabilitation-in-children-with-acquired-brain-injury
#12
Gerald Goldstein, Joan Mayfield, Nicholas S Thaler, Jon Walker, Daniel N Allen
An evaluation was made of the outcome of a day hospital rehabilitation program for children who experienced an acquired neurological illness, mainly traumatic brain injury. Participants were administered neuropsychological and academic evaluations upon entry to the program, immediately upon discharge and several months after discharge Repeated measures ANOVA results for variables selected from the Reynolds Intellectual Assessment and the Delis-Kaplan Executive Function System found that comparisons showed significant (≥p < ...
November 17, 2016: Applied Neuropsychology. Child
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27841670/questionnaire-based-assessment-of-executive-functioning-psychometrics
#13
Irina Castellanos, William G Kronenberger, David B Pisoni
The psychometric properties of the Learning, Executive, and Attention Functioning (LEAF) scale were investigated in an outpatient clinical pediatric sample. As a part of clinical testing, the LEAF scale, which broadly measures neuropsychological abilities related to executive functioning and learning, was administered to parents of 118 children and adolescents referred for psychological testing at a pediatric psychology clinic; 85 teachers also completed LEAF scales to assess reliability across different raters and settings...
November 14, 2016: Applied Neuropsychology. Child
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27779428/neuropsychological-stimulation-of-executive-functions-in-children-with-typical-development-a-systematic-review
#14
Caroline de Oliveira Cardoso, Natália Dias, Joana Senger, Ana Paula Cervi Colling, Alessandra Gotuzo Seabra, Rochele Paz Fonseca
This systematic review aimed to characterize empirical studies on neuropsychological interventions to stimulate executive functions in children with typical development. Searches were conducted according to the PRISMA method. Nineteen (19) studies on the analysis to evaluate the effectiveness of intervention programs in pre-school and school children were obtained. There was a predominance of studies that used computerized cognitive training, most of them involving the stimulation of working memory. Others used pen and paper forms, or hybrid tasks, and some programs used a school curriculum approach aiming to improve self-regulation...
October 25, 2016: Applied Neuropsychology. Child
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27779427/cognitive-and-behavioral-outcomes-among-seizure-controlled-children-with-partial-epilepsy-on-antiepileptic-drug-monotherapy
#15
Thomas G Burns, Natasha N Ludwig, Tiffany N Tajiri, Nick DeFilippis
The objective of this study was to assess cognitive performance and behavioral symptoms in a sample of children diagnosed with partial epilepsy who were seizure controlled on AED monotherapy for one year. Ninety-eight seizure-controlled children on AED monotherapy were included in this study. Specific AEDs examined included topiramate, divalproex sodium, lamotrigine, levetiracetam, and oxcarbazepine. Groups did not differ on age, region of focal epilepsy, or Full-Scale IQ. Direct measures included the WISC-IV and selected tests from the DKEFS (Verbal Fluency and Trail Making Test)...
October 25, 2016: Applied Neuropsychology. Child
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27726446/questionnaire-of-memory-q-mem-a-new-measure-of-everyday-memory-functioning-in-school-age-children
#16
Marie Geurten, Steve Majerus, Caroline Lejeune, Corinne Catale
We present a new measure of everyday memory, the Questionnaire of Memory (Q-MEM), which is specifically adapted for the ecological assessment of memory disorders in school-age children and constructed with four sections tapping effortful/intentional learning, automatic/procedural learning, prospective memory/organization, and working memory. Confirmatory Factor Analyses supported the Q-MEM's four-factor structure in 700 five-to twelve-year-old children. The analyses also revealed a good internal reliability and a good test-retest fidelity...
October 11, 2016: Applied Neuropsychology. Child
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27391916/eov-editorial-board-page
#17
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2016: Applied Neuropsychology. Child
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27391915/erratum
#18
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2016: Applied Neuropsychology. Child
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27105069/assessing-symptoms-in-adolescents-following-sport-related-concussion-a-comparison-of-four-different-approaches
#19
R J Elbin, Jordan Knox, Nathan Kegel, Philip Schatz, Harrison B Lowder, Jonathan French, Scott Burkhart, Michael W Collins, Anthony P Kontos
This study compared post-concussion symptom endorsements on the Post-Concussion Symptom Scale (PCSS) between a clinical open-ended interview, clinician-guided PCSS, parent-report PCSS, and computer-based PCSS in youth athletes with sport-related concussion (SRC). Participants included 54 patients aged 13-17 years (M = 15.19, SD = 1.29, 51.8% male) with a diagnosed SRC seen at a concussion clinic. Participants were administered a computer-based version (COMP) of the PCSS followed by clinical open-ended symptom interview (OPEN) and clinician-guided PCSS (GUIDED)...
October 2016: Applied Neuropsychology. Child
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27015370/are-there-differences-in-neurocognition-and-social-cognition-among-adolescents-with-schizophrenia-a-pervasive-developmental-disorder-and-both-disorders
#20
Petra Waris, Pekka Tani, Nina Lindberg, Jari Lipsanen, Kirsi Kettunen, Riittakerttu Kaltiala-Heino, Leena-Kaisa Saarimaa, Outi Reinvall, Arja Voutilainen, Laura Hokkanen
Schizophrenia (SCH) and pervasive developmental disorders (PDDs) belong to different diagnostic categories. There is, however, overlap between these 2 diagnostic groups. The aim of this preliminary study was to evaluate some aspects of neurocognitions and social cognitions in adolescents with SCH (n = 10, 2 boys and 8 girls; age range = 13.3-17.7 years), a PDD (n = 15, 7 boys and 8 girls; age range = 13.3-18.0 years), or both disorders (n = 8, 5 boys and 3 girls; age range = 13.5-18 years). Eight subtests (Information, Similarities, Arithmetic, Comprehension, Picture Completion, Coding B, Block Design, and Object Assembly) of the Wechsler Intelligence Scale for Children-Third Version and 2 subtests (Theory of Mind [ToM] and Affect Recognition) of the NEPSY-II were administered...
October 2016: Applied Neuropsychology. Child
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