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Global Advances in Health and Medicine: Improving Healthcare Outcomes Worldwide

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30159213/nutrition-education-for-the-health-care-provider-improves-patient-outcomes
#1
Vanessa Baute, Revathy Sampath-Kumar, Sarah Nelson, Barbara Basil
Nutrition education is globally lacking in medical training, despite the fact that dietary habits are a crucial component of physician self-care, disease prevention, and treatment. Research has shown that a physician's health status directly affects the quality of their preventative health counseling and patient outcomes, yet on average less than 20 hours over 4 years of medical education is spent teaching nutrition. This leaves providers with a gap in knowledge regarding this critical component of health. In a recent study, only 14% of resident physicians reported being adequately trained to provide nutritional counseling...
2018: Global Advances in Health and Medicine: Improving Healthcare Outcomes Worldwide
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30109161/measuring-geographic-and-wealth-inequalities-in-health-distribution-as-tools-for-identifying-priority-health-inequalities-and-the-underprivileged-populations
#2
Sherine Shawky
Background: Currently, there is no consensus on standard measure that can be routinely part of the health information systems to alert countries to inequalities in health and identify the priority health inequality conditions. Objectives: To identify the health inequality measures relevant for assessing geographic and wealth inequalities; use the measures as a demonstration to what can happen in practice to recognize the geographic and wealth-related priority health inequalities within a country; and identify the geographic and wealth underprivileged populations...
2018: Global Advances in Health and Medicine: Improving Healthcare Outcomes Worldwide
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30038847/caregiver-perceptions-of-music-therapy-for-children-hospitalized-for-a-blood-and-marrow-transplant-an-interpretivist-investigation
#3
Greta J Yates, Nicole B Beckmann, Megan E Voss, Maureen R Anderson, Michael J Silverman
Background: Despite pharmacological and psychosocial support, pediatric blood and marrow transplant (BMT) recipients typically experience heightened levels of somatic and psychological distress while undergoing transplant. Although clinicians have used psychosocial interventions to target distress, there are gaps in the literature concerning music therapy for children recovering from BMT. This is especially the case among younger children and those affected by rare genetic or metabolic disorders...
2018: Global Advances in Health and Medicine: Improving Healthcare Outcomes Worldwide
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30013821/total-lifestyle-coaching-a-pilot-study-evaluating-the-effectiveness-of-a-mind-body-and-nutrition-telephone-coaching-program-for-obese-adults-at-a-community-health-center
#4
Emma Chad-Friedman, Melanie Pearsall, Kathleen M Miller, Amy E Wheeler, John W Denninger, Darshan H Mehta, Michelle L Dossett
Background: Stress and obesity are interrelated and common among low-income adults. Mind-body interventions have been shown to reduce psychological distress and have been incorporated into many weight loss interventions. However, few of these programs have incorporated a telephone coaching component. Objective: We designed and piloted a novel weight loss telephone coaching intervention for this population and examined its effectiveness on weight loss and improvements in health behaviors in obese community health center patients...
2018: Global Advances in Health and Medicine: Improving Healthcare Outcomes Worldwide
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30013820/a-pilot-randomized-clinical-trial-comparing-three-brief-group-interventions-for-individuals-with-tinnitus
#5
Erin Martz, Margaret A Chesney, Hanoch Livneh, Chennettee Jelleberg, Bret Fuller, James A Henry
Background: Tinnitus (ie, ear or head noises not caused by external sounds) is common among the general population and is the most prevalent service-connected disability in the United States' Department of Veterans Affairs system. While numerous clinical interventions have been created to systematically address the range of issues caused by tinnitus, only a few tinnitus interventions have focused on both teaching and assessing coping strategies. The present pilot study involved a randomized clinical trial comparing 3 brief group interventions to a usual-care (UC) group (ie, a wait-list control group): the first intervention based on acceptance and commitment therapy (ACT), a second based on cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT), and a third based on coping effectiveness training (CET)...
2018: Global Advances in Health and Medicine: Improving Healthcare Outcomes Worldwide
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29796339/evaluation-of-cytotoxic-and-genotoxic-effects-of-extremely-low-frequency-electromagnetic-field-on-mesenchymal-stromal-cells
#6
Christina L Ross, Mark J Pettenati, Joseph Procita, Lisa Cathey, Sunil K George, Graca Almeida-Porada
Background: Interest in the use of extremely low-frequency (ELF) electromagnetic field (EMF) for the treatment of pain and inflammation is increasing due to the ability of this promising therapy to compete with pharmaceuticals without the adverse effects caused by drugs. However, there continues to be concerns regarding cytotoxic and genotoxic effects that may occur as a result of exposure to EMF. Objective: To investigate this concern, we tested the effect of our known therapeutic 5 Hz, 0...
2018: Global Advances in Health and Medicine: Improving Healthcare Outcomes Worldwide
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29796338/tai-chi-for-reducing-dual-task-gait-variability-a-potential-mediator-of-fall-risk-in-parkinson-s-disease-a-pilot-randomized-controlled-trial
#7
Gloria Vergara-Diaz, Kamila Osypiuk, Jeffrey M Hausdorff, Paolo Bonato, Brian J Gow, Jose Gv Miranda, Lewis R Sudarsky, Daniel Tarsy, Michael D Fox, Paula Gardiner, Cathi A Thomas, Eric A Macklin, Peter M Wayne
Objectives: To assess the feasibility and inform design features of a fully powered randomized controlled trial (RCT) evaluating the effects of Tai Chi (TC) in Parkinson's disease (PD) and to select outcomes most responsive to TC assessed during off-medication states. Design: Two-arm, wait-list controlled RCT. Settings: Tertiary care hospital. Subjects: Thirty-two subjects aged 40-75 diagnosed with idiopathic PD within 10 years...
2018: Global Advances in Health and Medicine: Improving Healthcare Outcomes Worldwide
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29662722/acupuncture-for-chronic-pain-in-the-vermont-medicaid-population-a-prospective-pragmatic-intervention-trial
#8
Robert T Davis, Gary Badger, Kristina Valentine, Alexander Cavert, Remy R Coeytaux
Introduction: In response to the opioid crisis, the 2016 Vermont legislature commissioned a study to assess acupuncture for patients with chronic pain in the Vermont Medicaid population. Objective: To assess the feasibility, acceptability, and effectiveness of acupuncture provided by licensed acupuncturists for Vermont Medicaid patients with chronic pain. Methods: A total of 156 Medicaid patients with chronic pain were offered up to 12 acupuncture treatments within a 60-day period at the offices of 28 Vermont licensed acupuncturists...
2018: Global Advances in Health and Medicine: Improving Healthcare Outcomes Worldwide
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29662721/neural-mechanisms-of-qigong-sensory-training-massage-for-children-with-autism-spectrum-disorder-a-feasibility-study
#9
Kristin K Jerger, Laura Lundegard, Aaron Piepmeier, Keturah Faurot, Amanda Ruffino, Margaret A Jerger, Aysenil Belger
Objectives: Despite the enormous prevalence of autism spectrum disorder (ASD), its global impact has yet to be realized. Millions of families worldwide need effective treatments to help them get through everyday challenges like eating, sleeping, digestion, and social interaction. Qigong Sensory Training (QST) is a nonverbal, parent-delivered intervention recently shown to be effective at reducing these everyday challenges in children with ASD. This study tested the feasibility of a protocol for investigating QST's neural mechanism...
2018: Global Advances in Health and Medicine: Improving Healthcare Outcomes Worldwide
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29662720/role-of-active-versus-passive-complementary-and-integrative-health-approaches-in-pain-management
#10
David Cosio, Erica Lin
Background: A general conclusion about the treatment of chronic, noncancer pain is that the results from traditional, passive modalities are disheartening. Perhaps this may be due to the propensity of patients to seek out passive versus active treatments. In pain management, active treatments should be the primary focus, with passive interventions as an adjunct. Objective: The current study tested the hypotheses that Veterans would report a greater significant increase in active versus transitional and active versus passive complementary and integrative health (CIH) utilization after completing a formal pain education program...
2018: Global Advances in Health and Medicine: Improving Healthcare Outcomes Worldwide
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29637012/tele-yoga-for-chronic-pain-current-status-and-future-directions
#11
Danielle C Mathersul, Louise A Mahoney, Peter J Bayley
Pain is a pervasive, debilitating disorder that is resistant to long-term pharmacological interventions. Although psychological therapies such as cognitive behavior therapy demonstrate moderate efficacy, many individuals continue to have ongoing difficulties following treatment. There is a current trend to establish complementary and integrative health interventions for chronic pain, for which yoga has been found to have exciting potential. Nevertheless, an important consideration within the field is accessibility to adequate care...
2018: Global Advances in Health and Medicine: Improving Healthcare Outcomes Worldwide
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29619284/yoga-for-young-adults-with-noncurative-cancer-a-brief-report
#12
Hillary Woodside, S Nicole Culos-Reed, Marie-Claude Grégoire, Robert Rutledge, Melanie R Keats
Background: The practice of yoga has been shown to improve disease- and treatment-related side effects in the noncurative cancer patient. Objective: This user experience study aimed to examine the feasibility and usefulness of a DVD-based yoga program for young adult cancer patients with a noncurative diagnosis. Methods: Participants were asked to partake in a 7-week DVD-based yoga program and complete measures of program use and usefulness...
2018: Global Advances in Health and Medicine: Improving Healthcare Outcomes Worldwide
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29552422/diabetes-empowerment-council-integrative-pilot-intervention-for-transitioning-young-adults-with-type-1-diabetes
#13
Marc J Weigensberg, Cheryl Vigen, Paola Sequeira, Donna Spruijt-Metz, Magaly Juarez, Daniella Florindez, Joseph Provisor, Anne Peters, Elizabeth A Pyatak
Background: The transition of young adults with type 1 diabetes (T1D) from pediatric to adult care is challenging and frequently accompanied by worsening of diabetes-related health. To date, there are no reports which prospectively assess the effects of theory-based psycho-behavioral interventions during the transition period neither on glycemic control nor on psychosocial factors that contribute to poor glycemic control. Therefore, the overall aim of this study was to develop and pilot test an integrative group intervention based on the underlying principles of self-determination theory (SDT), in young adults with T1D...
2018: Global Advances in Health and Medicine: Improving Healthcare Outcomes Worldwide
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29511603/levels-of-patient-satisfaction-on-integrative-medicine-before-and-after-implementation-of-diagnosis-related-groups
#14
Tobias Romeyke, Elisabeth Noehammer, Hans Christoph Scheuer, Harald Stummer
Objectives: The aim of this article is to study patient satisfaction with complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) in an in-hospital setting before and after the introduction of diagnosis-related groups (DRGs). Methods: Patients were interviewed regarding a general evaluation of their hospital stay, the psychological talking therapy, the nutrition therapy, and the overall success of the treatment. Results: The medical treatment was evaluated by 1158 patients...
2018: Global Advances in Health and Medicine: Improving Healthcare Outcomes Worldwide
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29497586/advanced-metrics-for-assessing-holistic-care-the-epidaurus-2-project
#15
Frederick O Foote, Herbert Benson, Ann Berger, Brian Berman, James DeLeo, Patricia A Deuster, David J Lary, Marni N Silverman, Esther M Sternberg
In response to the challenge of military traumatic brain injury and posttraumatic stress disorder, the US military developed a wide range of holistic care modalities at the new Walter Reed National Military Medical Center, Bethesda, MD, from 2001 to 2017, guided by civilian expert consultation via the Epidaurus Project. These projects spanned a range from healing buildings to wellness initiatives and healing through nature, spirituality, and the arts. The next challenge was to develop whole-body metrics to guide the use of these therapies in clinical care...
2018: Global Advances in Health and Medicine: Improving Healthcare Outcomes Worldwide
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29497585/spiritually-integrated-cognitive-processing-therapy-a-new-treatment-for-post-traumatic-stress-disorder-that-targets-moral-injury
#16
Michelle Pearce, Kerry Haynes, Natalia R Rivera, Harold G Koenig
Background: Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is a debilitating disorder, and current treatments leave the majority of patients with unresolved symptoms. Moral injury (MI) may be one of the barriers that interfere with recovery from PTSD, particularly among current or former military service members. Objective: Given the psychological and spiritual aspects of MI, an intervention that addresses MI using spiritual resources in addition to psychological resources may be particularly effective in treating PTSD...
2018: Global Advances in Health and Medicine: Improving Healthcare Outcomes Worldwide
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29468093/integration-of-health-coaching-concepts-and-skills-into-clinical-practice-among-vha-providers-a-qualitative-study
#17
David A Collins, Kirsten Thompson, Katharine A Atwood, Melissa H Abadi, David L Rychener, Leigh Ann Simmons
Background: Although studies of health coaching for behavior change in chronic disease prevention and management are increasing, to date no studies have reported on what concepts and skills providers integrate into their clinical practice following participation in health coaching courses. The purpose of this qualitative study was to assess Veterans Health Administration (VHA) providers' perceptions of the individual-level and system-level changes they observed after participating with colleagues in a 6-day Whole Health Coaching course held in 8 VHA medical centers nationwide...
2018: Global Advances in Health and Medicine: Improving Healthcare Outcomes Worldwide
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29435386/healthcare-reform-%C3%A2-public-health-reform-on-pathogens-poverty-and-prevention
#18
Jeff Levin
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2018: Global Advances in Health and Medicine: Improving Healthcare Outcomes Worldwide
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29399418/sacred-space
#19
Pamela Adelstein
A space can be sacred, providing those who inhabit a particular space with sense of transcendence-being connected to something greater than oneself. The sacredness may be inherent in the space, as for a religious institution or a serene place outdoors. Alternatively, a space may be made sacred by the people within it and events that occur there. As medical providers, we have the opportunity to create sacred space in our examination rooms and with our patient interactions. This sacred space can be healing to our patients and can bring us providers opportunities for increased connection, joy, and gratitude in our daily work...
2018: Global Advances in Health and Medicine: Improving Healthcare Outcomes Worldwide
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29147630/sulforaphane-from-broccoli-reduces-symptoms-of-autism-a-follow-up-case-series-from-a-randomized-double-blind-study
#20
Rhoda Lynch, Eileen L Diggins, Susan L Connors, Andrew W Zimmerman, Kanwaljit Singh, Hua Liu, Paul Talalay, Jed W Fahey
Introduction: Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) affects 1 in 68 children, is characterized by impaired social interaction and communication as well as restricted or repetitive behaviors, and varies widely with respect to its causes and presentations. There are no validated pharmacologic treatments for the core symptoms of ASD. The social, medical, and economic burdens of ASD on families and caregivers are profound. We recently showed in a small clinical trial that sulforaphane (SF) from broccoli sprouts could significantly reduce the behavioral symptoms of ASD...
2017: Global Advances in Health and Medicine: Improving Healthcare Outcomes Worldwide
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