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Tropical Parasitology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27722107/an-e-mail-interview-with-dr-nadira-karunaweera-senior-professor-and-chair-head-of-department-parasitology-faculty-of-medicine-university-of-colombo-sri-lanka
#1
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2016: Tropical Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27722106/nonresponsiveness-to-standard-treatment-in-cutaneous-leishmaniasis-a-case-series-from-sri-lanka
#2
Fathima Wardha Refai, Nayani P Madarasingha, Rohini Fernandopulle, Nadira Karunaweera
Leishmaniasis is caused by parasitic protozoa of the genus Leishmania. Cutaneous leishmaniasis (CL) is endemic in Sri Lanka with over 3000 cases during the last decade and numbers are increasing. Treatment options available in Sri Lanka for CL include intralesional/intramuscular sodium stibogluconate and cryotherapy. Eight cases of treatment failure with standard therapy are reported from the Dermatology Clinic, Teaching Hospital Anuradhapura. Therapeutic regimes aim for clinical healing, these patients responded poorly to anti-leishmanial therapy, indicating the need for close monitoring, explore alternative treatment options and to investigate for drug resistance in parasites...
July 2016: Tropical Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27722105/hematuria-without-chyluria-it-could-still-be-due-to-filarial-etiology
#3
Vijaya Lakshmi Nag, Manodeep Sen, Nihar Ranjan Dash, R Bansal, Manoj Kumar, Anand Kumar Maurya
There are few reports of "microfilaria in the urine." We report an elderly woman with gross hematuria who was being investigated for urinary tract tuberculosis. Three consecutive urine samples showed microfilaria of Wuchereria bancrofti. However, she did not have chyluria. Treatment with diethylcarbamazine cleared up the hematuria within 3 days. Chyluria, hematuria, and hematochyluria are problems of Bancroftian filariasis reported worldwide. The literature review was made to present a simplified way for management...
July 2016: Tropical Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27722104/the-role-of-haematological-parameters-in-predicting-malaria-with-special-emphasis-on-neutrophil-lymphocyte-count-ratio-and-monocyte-lymphocyte-ratio-a-single-institutional-experience
#4
Cheryl Sarah Philipose, T Umashankar
INTRODUCTION: Malaria is a mosquito borne disease which is a major public health problem and a leading cause of morbidity and mortality worldwide. Various haematological parameters have been studied to help predict malaria, such as alteration in the leucocyte count, platelet counts and erythrocyte counts. The neutrophil lymphocyte count ratio (NLCR) was found to have a good predictive value in systemic inflammation, particularly in critical care setting. AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: The present study aims to study the various haematological parameters and acertain the predictive value of NLCR and MLR in the detection of malaria...
July 2016: Tropical Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27722103/rising-trends-of-neurocysticercosis-a-serological-report-from-tertiary-care-hospital-in-south-india
#5
Piriyatharisini Thamilselvan, Krishna Raj Muthuraman, Jharna Mandal, Subash Chandra Parija
INTRODUCTION: Taenia solium is a common two-host parasitic cestode, residing in both humans (definitive) and pigs (intermediate). Invasion of this parasitic cyst into central nervous system leads to a condition known as neurocysticercosis (NCC). The World Health Organization (WHO) considers NCC as one of the "most neglected" tropical zoonotic diseases. The disease is presented with pleomorphic clinical manifestations, of which epilepsy is the most common. Diagnosis of NCC is carried out by serological tests and imaging methods...
July 2016: Tropical Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27722102/comparison-of-protein-expression-pattern-between-the-plasmodium-falciparum-chloroquine-resistant-rkl9-and-chloroquine-sensitive-mrc2-strains
#6
Hiasindh Ashmi Antony, Vrushali Pathak, Kanjaksha Ghosh, Subhash Chandra Parija
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to compare the protein expression patterns of Plasmodium falciparum extracellular and intracellular proteins separated by two-dimensional electrophoresis (2-DE) from the chloroquine-sensitive (CQS) MRC2 strain and chloroquine-resistant (CQR) RKL9 strain. Materials and Methods: Both the extracellular protein (ECP) and intracellular protein (ICP) were extracted and solubilized. The proteins were separated by 2-DE, first based on their charges using isoelectric focusing and then their sizes by electrophoresis...
July 2016: Tropical Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27722101/toxoplasmosis-in-hiv-infection-an-overview
#7
Anuradha Basavaraju
Toxoplasma gondii is an obligate intracellular protozoan parasite presenting as a zoonotic infection distributed worldwide. In HIV-positive individuals, it causes severe opportunistic infections, which is of major public health concern as it results in physical and psychological disabilities. In healthy immunocompetent individuals, it causes asymptomatic chronic persistent infections, but in immunosuppressed patients, there is reactivation of the parasite if the CD4 counts fall below 200 cells/μl. The seroprevalence rates are variable in different geographic areas...
July 2016: Tropical Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27722100/toxoplasmosis-in-organ-transplant-recipients-evaluation-implication-and-prevention
#8
Sumeeta Khurana, Nitya Batra
Toxoplasmosis in organ transplant patients can be a result of donor-transmitted infection, or reactivation of latent infection, or de novo infection. Solid organ transplants including heart, liver, kidney, pancreas and small bowel, and hematogenous stem cell transplants have been implicated in the risk of acquiring infection. In contrast to a benign course in immunocompetent individuals, the spectrum of illness is severe in transplant recipients. Clinical manifestations usually occur within the first 3 months of transplant and may present as encephalitis, pneumonitis, chorioretinitis, meningitis, and disseminated toxoplasmosis with multi-organ involvement...
July 2016: Tropical Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27722099/congenital-toxoplasmosis-clinical-features-outcomes-treatment-and-prevention
#9
Sarman Singh
Toxoplasmosis is caused by a coccidian parasite, Toxoplasma gondii. The parasite is highly prevalent both in humans and in warm-blooded animals. Cat family animals are definitive host, and these animals excrete the infective oocysts in their feces. Humans, though not definitive host, get infection by consuming water or food contaminated with cat feces. Rarely, infection can also take place through transfusing the infected blood, through transplantation of infected organs, or transplacentally from infected mother to fetus...
July 2016: Tropical Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27722098/radiological-manifestations-of-hydatid-disease-and-its-complications
#10
Pooja Mehta, Mahesh Prakash, Niranjan Khandelwal
Hydatid disease (HD) is endemic in many parts of the world. HD can affect virtually any organ system in body and should be kept as differential diagnosis of cystic lesion. HD is mostly asymptomatic; however, it demonstrates a variety of characteristic imaging findings depending on the site of involvement, stage of growth, mass effect, complications, or hematogenous spread, which helps in diagnosis. Radiography, ultrasonography (USG), computed tomography (CT), and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) are commonly used imaging modalities...
July 2016: Tropical Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27722097/ethics-of-scientific-publication
#11
Jharna Mandal, Dinoop Korol Ponnambath, Subhash Chandra Parija
Published scientific research breeds the development of clinical management guidelines and pathways. Currently, scholarly proficiency is assessed using numerous primitive metrics for incentives that can kindle publication of hoax or flawed research content. Such flawed data can lead to wastage of resources, time, and most importantly harm to the society. Authors, editors, and peer reviewers need to be genuine in conducting, analyzing, and publication of scientific research. Institutions need to be aware and utilize advanced metrics to assess the scientific reputation of researchers...
July 2016: Tropical Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27722096/protozoans-of-tissue-and-blood-a-changing-paradigm
#12
Subhash Chandra Parija
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2016: Tropical Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26998443/calendar-of-upcoming-events-for-the-year-2016
#13
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2016: Tropical Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26998442/an-e-mail-interview-with-prof-shin-ichiro-kawazu
#14
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2016: Tropical Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26998441/central-nervous-system-infection-due-to-acanthamoeba-a-case-series
#15
Shukla Das, Rumpa Saha, Mayuri Rani, Ritika Goyal, Dheeraj Shah, Jhajjar K Asish
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2016: Tropical Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26998440/phenazopyridine-as-an-innovative-stain-for-permanent-staining-of-trematodes
#16
Mahdi Fakhar, Maryam Ghobaditara
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2016: Tropical Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26998439/decreased-response-to-artemisinin-combination-therapy-in-falciparum-malaria-a-preliminary-report-from-south-india
#17
T Angel Miraclin, Anu Matthew, Priscilla Rupali
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2016: Tropical Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26998438/a-case-report-of-an-uncommon-parasitic-infection-of-human-balantidiasis
#18
Manochitra Kumar, Nonika Rajkumari, Jharna Mandal, S C Parija
Balantidium coli, a large, ciliated pathogen, is known to cause balantidiasis in humans. We report a case of B. coli infection in a 37-year-old male with tuberculosis and presenting with fever, anorexia, mild abdominal pain, and episodes of loose stools for 1 week.
January 2016: Tropical Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26998437/seroprevalence-of-entamoeba-histolytica-from-a-tertiary-care-hospital-south-india
#19
Sankaramoorthy Dhanalakshmi, Subhash Chandra Parija
INTRODUCTION: Amebiasis is the third leading cause of death after malaria and schistosomiasis. Diagnosis is based on microscopy, culture, isoenzyme analysis, and serology-based techniques. In resource-limited nation such as India where polymerase chain reaction cannot be employed, serology is considered to be the reliable diagnostic tool. To find the seroprevalence of Entamoeba histolytica IgG antibody by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) among the liver abscess cases and healthy controls...
January 2016: Tropical Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26998436/detection-of-chloroquine-and-artemisinin-resistance-molecular-markers-in-plasmodium-falciparum-a-hospital-based-study
#20
S Ramani, Subhash Chandra Parija, Jharna Mandal, Abdoul Hamide, Vishnu Bhat
INTRODUCTION: Emergence of chloroquine (CQ) resistance in Plasmodium falciparum has increased the morbidity and mortality of falciparum malaria worldwide. Artemisinin-based combination therapies are now recommended by the World Health Organization as the first line treatment for falciparum malaria. Numerous molecular markers have been implicated in the CQ and artemisinin resistance. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 26 confirmed cases of falciparum malaria (by giemsa stained thick and thin smear, quantitative buffy coat, immunochromatographic test, or polymerase chain reaction [PCR]) were included in the study...
January 2016: Tropical Parasitology
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