journal
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Oncogenesis

journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28920929/structural-investigation-of-nucleophosmin-interaction-with-the-tumor-suppressor-fbw7%C3%AE
#1
A Di Matteo, M Franceschini, A Paiardini, A Grottesi, S Chiarella, S Rocchio, C Di Natale, D Marasco, L Vitagliano, C Travaglini-Allocatelli, L Federici
Nucleophosmin (NPM1) is a multifunctional nucleolar protein implicated in ribogenesis, centrosome duplication, cell cycle control, regulation of DNA repair and apoptotic response to stress stimuli. The majority of these functions are played through the interactions with a variety of protein partners. NPM1 is frequently overexpressed in solid tumors of different histological origin. Furthermore NPM1 is the most frequently mutated protein in acute myeloid leukemia (AML) patients. Mutations map to the C-terminal domain and lead to the aberrant and stable localization of the protein in the cytoplasm of leukemic blasts...
September 18, 2017: Oncogenesis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28920928/targeting-tumor-multicellular-aggregation-through-igpr-1-inhibits-colon-cancer-growth-and-improves-chemotherapy
#2
N Woolf, B E Pearson, P A Bondzie, R D Meyer, M Lavaei, A C Belkina, V Chitalia, N Rahimi
Adhesion to extracellular matrix (ECM) is crucially important for survival of normal epithelial cells as detachment from ECM triggers specific apoptosis known as anoikis. As tumor cells lose the requirement for anchorage to ECM, they rely on cell-cell adhesion 'multicellular aggregation' for survival. Multicellular aggregation of tumor cells also significantly determines the sensitivity of tumor cells to the cytotoxic effects of chemotherapeutics. In this report, we demonstrate that expression of immunoglobulin containing and proline-rich receptor-1 (IGPR-1) is upregulated in human primary colon cancer...
September 18, 2017: Oncogenesis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28892104/synergistic-anti-aml-effects-of-the-lsd1-inhibitor-t-3775440-and-the-nedd8-activating-enzyme-inhibitor-pevonedistat-via-transdifferentiation-and-dna-rereplication
#3
Y Ishikawa, K Nakayama, M Morimoto, A Mizutani, A Nakayama, K Toyoshima, A Hayashi, S Takagi, R Dairiki, H Miyashita, S Matsumoto, K Gamo, T Nomura, K Nakamura
Lysine-specific demethylase 1A (LSD1, KDM1A) specifically demethylates di- and monomethylated histones H3K4 and K9, resulting in context-dependent transcriptional repression or activation. We previously identified an irreversible LSD1 inhibitor T-3775440, which exerts antileukemic activities in a subset of acute myeloid leukemia (AML) cell lines by inducing cell transdifferentiation. The NEDD8-activating enzyme inhibitor pevonedistat (MLN4924, TAK-924) is an investigational drug with antiproliferative activities in AML, and is also reported to induce cell differentiation...
September 11, 2017: Oncogenesis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28869585/brca1-regulation-on-%C3%AE-hcg-a-mechanism-for-tumorigenicity-in-brca1-defective-breast-cancer
#4
S K Sengodan, R Nadhan, R S Nair, S K Hemalatha, V Somasundaram, R R Sushama, A Rajan, N R Latha, G R Varghese, R K Thankappan, J M Kumar, A Chil, T V Anilkumar, P Srinivas
Human chorionic gonadotropin β (β-hCG) has been implicated in breast tumorigenesis. However, the role of this hormone is highly controversial as certain studies suggest it has anti-tumor properties while others have found it to be pro-tumorigenic. To unveil the truth, we have analyzed the expression of β-hCG in breast cancer. We identified for the first time that β-hCG expression is linked to BRCA1 status and its overexpression is seen in BRCA1 mutated breast cancer cells, BRCA1 conditional knockout mouse breast cancer tissues and BRCA1 floxed basal cell carcinoma (BCC) tissues...
September 4, 2017: Oncogenesis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28846080/growth-induced-stress-enhances-epithelial-mesenchymal-transition-induced-by-il-6-in-clear-cell-renal-cell-carcinoma-via-the-akt-gsk-3%C3%AE-%C3%AE-catenin-signaling-pathway
#5
Q Chen, D Yang, H Zong, L Zhu, L Wang, X Wang, X Zhu, X Song, J Wang
Stromal cell populations in the tumor microenvironment (TME) play a critical role in the oncogenesis and metastasis of renal cell carcinoma. In this study, we found that there are α-smooth muscle actin positive (α-SMA (+)) cells in the stroma of clear cell renal cell carcinoma (ccRCC) tissues, and their numbers are significantly associated with poor survival in ccRCC patients. Interleukin 6 (IL-6) is a critical diver that induces α-SMA (+) cells in ccRCC tissues via promotion of epithelial to mesenchymal transition (EMT) and stimulates migration and invasion in ccRCC...
August 28, 2017: Oncogenesis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28846079/e6-e7-oncogenes-in-epithelial-suprabasal-layers-and-estradiol-promote-cervical-growth-and-ear-regeneration
#6
C García, D Hernández-García, C Valencia, V Rojo-León, J-R Pérez-Estrada, M Werner, L Covarrubias
Tissue growth is a common characteristic of carcinogenesis and regeneration. Here we show that suprabasal expression of human papillomavirus (HPV)16 E6/E7 oncogenes in Tg(K6b-E6/E7) mice, similar to that observed in HPV-infected human tissue, and estradiol increased cervical epithelium growth and ear-hole closure efficiency. Oncogenes in combination with estradiol had a significant contribution to the proliferation of suprabasal cells of cervical epithelium that correlated with an increased expression of keratin genes...
August 28, 2017: Oncogenesis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28846078/endoplasmic-reticulum-stress-signaling-and-chemotherapy-resistance-in-solid-cancers
#7
REVIEW
T Avril, E Vauléon, E Chevet
The unfolded protein response (UPR) is an adaptive cellular program used by eukaryotic cells to cope with protein misfolding stress. During tumor development, cancer cells are facing intrinsic (oncogene activation) and extrinsic (limiting nutrient or oxygen supply) challenges, with which they must cope to survive. Moreover, chemotherapy represents an additional extrinsic challenge that cancer cells are facing and to which they adapt in the case of resistance. As of today, resistance to chemotherapy and targeted therapies is one of the important issues that oncologists have to deal with for treating cancer patients...
August 28, 2017: Oncogenesis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28825720/microrna-34a-egfr-axis-plays-pivotal-roles-in-lung-tumorigenesis
#8
Y-L Li, X-M Liu, C-Y Zhang, J-B Zhou, Y Shao, C Liang, H-M Wang, Z-Y Hua, S-D Lu, Z-L Ma
MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are vital in the regulation of tumor progression and invasion. Dysregulation of miRNAs has been linked to the development of various types of human cancers, including non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC). However, the effect of miRNA-34a (miR-34a), a key regulator of tumor suppression, on the tumorigenesis of NSCLC has not been fully elaborated. Herein, we reveal that miR-34a is significantly downregulated in NSCLC tissues and cell lines, suggesting that miR-34a might function as a tumor suppressor in lung cancer...
August 21, 2017: Oncogenesis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805788/nrf2-keap1-pathway-promotes-cell-proliferation-and-diminishes-ferroptosis
#9
Z Fan, A-K Wirth, D Chen, C J Wruck, M Rauh, M Buchfelder, N Savaskan
Cancer cells are hallmarked by high proliferation and imbalanced redox consumption and signaling. Various oncogenic pathways such as proliferation and evading cell death converge on redox-dependent signaling processes. Nrf2 is a key regulator in these redox-dependent events and operates in cytoprotection, drug metabolism and malignant progression in cancer cells. Here, we show that patients with primary malignant brain tumors (glioblastomas, WHO °IV gliomas, GBM) have a devastating outcome and overall reduced survival when Nrf2 levels are upregulated...
August 14, 2017: Oncogenesis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28785074/low-dose-arsenite-confers-resistance-to-uv-induced-apoptosis-via-p53-mdm2-pathway-in-ketatinocytes
#10
Y Zhou, W Zeng, M Qi, Y Duan, J Su, S Zhao, W Zhong, M Gao, F Li, Y He, X Hu, X Xu, X Chen, C Peng, J Zhang
Chronic arsenite and ultraviolet (UV) exposure are associated with skin tumor. To investigate the details by low concentrations of arsenite and UV induced carcinogenesis in skin, hTERT-immortalized human keratinocytes were used as a cellular model with exposure to low concentrations of sodium arsenite and UV. The effect of NaAsO2 on UV treatment-induced apoptosis was measured by flow cytometry and Hoechst staining. We found that the cell apoptosis induced by UV exposure was significantly attenuated after exposure to low-dose arsenite, and knockdown of p53 could block UV-induced apoptosis indicating that this phenomenon depended on p53...
August 7, 2017: Oncogenesis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28785073/lysine-demethylase-kdm2a-inhibits-tet2-to-promote-dna-methylation-and-silencing-of-tumor-suppressor-genes-in-breast-cancer
#11
J-Y Chen, C-W Luo, Y-S Lai, C-C Wu, W-C Hung
The coupling between DNA methylation and histone modification contributes to aberrant expression of oncogenes or tumor suppressor genes that leads to tumor development. Our previous study demonstrated that lysine demethylase 2A (KDM2A) functions as an oncogene in breast cancer by promoting cancer stemness and angiogenesis via activation of the Notch signaling. Here, we demonstrate that knockdown of KDM2A significantly increases the 5'-hydroxymethylcytosine (5'-hmc) level in genomic DNA and expression of tet-eleven translocation 2 (TET2) in various breast cancer cell lines...
August 7, 2017: Oncogenesis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28759024/malt1-promotes-melanoma-progression-through-jnk-c-jun-signaling
#12
Y Wang, G Zhang, J Jin, S Degan, Y Tameze, J Y Zhang
Mucosa-associated lymphoma antigen 1 (MALT1) is a lymphoma oncogene that regulates signal transduction as a paracaspase and an adaptor protein. Yet, the role of MALT1 in other solid cancers such as melanoma is not well-understood. Here, we demonstrate that MALT1 is overexpressed in malignant melanoma cells, and predicts a poor disease-free survival. MALT1 inhibition via shRNA-mediated gene silencing or pharmacologically with MI-2 compound markedly reduced cell growth and migration of A2058 and A375 melanoma cell lines in vitro...
July 31, 2017: Oncogenesis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28759023/mecp2-a-target-of-mir-638-facilitates-gastric-cancer-cell-proliferation-through-activation-of-the-mek1-2-erk1-2-signaling-pathway-by-upregulating-git1
#13
L Y Zhao, D D Tong, M Xue, H L Ma, S Y Liu, J Yang, Y X Liu, B Guo, L Ni, L Y Liu, Y N Qin, L M Wang, X G Zhao, C Huang
Methyl-CpG binding protein 2 (MeCP2) is involved in the carcinogenesis and progression of multiple types of cancer. However, its precise role in gastric cancer (GC) and the relevant molecular mechanism remain unknown. In the present study, we found that miR-638 levels were lower in GC tissues and GC cell lines than in adjacent normal tissues and normal gastric epithelial cell lines, respectively. Low miR-638 levels were associated with poor tumor differentiation, tumor size and lymph node metastasis. MeCP2 expression levels were higher in GC tissues than in adjacent normal tissues...
July 31, 2017: Oncogenesis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28759022/mir-151a-induces-partial-emt-by-regulating-e-cadherin-in-nsclc-cells
#14
I Daugaard, K J Sanders, A Idica, K Vittayarukskul, M Hamdorf, J D Krog, R Chow, D Jury, L L Hansen, H Hager, P Lamy, C L Choi, D Agalliu, D G Zisoulis, I M Pedersen
miR-151a and its host gene, focal adhesion kinase, FAK, are located in a region of chromosome 8q that is frequently amplified in solid tumors, including lung cancer. Lung cancer is the leading cause of cancer deaths worldwide and metastasis remains the major challenge in battling lung cancer mortality. Here, we demonstrate that miR-151a is overexpressed in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) patient specimens, as compared to healthy lung. In addition, miR-151a overexpression promotes proliferation, epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition (EMT) and induces tumor cell migration and invasion of NSCLC cells...
July 31, 2017: Oncogenesis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28759021/asct2-regulates-glutamine-uptake-and-cell-growth-in-endometrial-carcinoma
#15
A D Marshall, M van Geldermalsen, N J Otte, T Lum, M Vellozzi, A Thoeng, A Pang, R Nagarajah, B Zhang, Q Wang, L Anderson, J E J Rasko, J Holst
Glutamine commonly becomes a conditionally essential amino acid in cancer. Glutamine is supplied to the cell by transporters such as ASCT2 (SLC1A5), which is frequently upregulated in multiple cancers. Here we investigated the expression of ASCT2 in endometrial carcinoma, and evaluated the contribution of ASCT2 to glutamine uptake and endometrial cancer cell growth. Analysis of human gene expression data showed that ASCT2 was significantly upregulated in both endometrioid and serous subtypes of endometrial carcinoma, compared to normal, age-matched endometrium...
July 31, 2017: Oncogenesis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28737757/non-canonical-wnt-pcp-signalling-in-cancer-fzd6-takes-centre-stage
#16
REVIEW
G Corda, A Sala
Frizzled receptors are the mediators of the wnt canonical and non-canonical pathways, which play fundamental roles in cell differentiation and organism development. A large body of work indicates that dysregulation of wnt signalling is a feature of oncogenic transformation, but most of the studies published so far focus on the assessment of the consequences of aberrations of the canonical pathway in human cancer. In this review, we discuss the emerging role of the wnt non-canonical pathway regulated by frizzled receptor 6 (Fzd6) in the pathogenesis of different types of human malignancies...
July 24, 2017: Oncogenesis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28737756/overexpression-of-zinc-finger-protein-687-enhances-tumorigenic-capability-and-promotes-recurrence-of-hepatocellular-carcinoma
#17
T Zhang, Y Huang, W Liu, W Meng, H Zhao, Q Yang, S-J Gu, C-C Xiao, C-C Jia, B Zhang, Y Zou, H-P Li, B-S Fu
Zinc finger protein 687 (ZNF687), identified as a C2H2 zinc finger protein, has been found to be mutated and upregulated in giant cell tumor of bone and acute myeloid leukemia, suggesting an oncogenic role for ZNF687 in cancer. However, the clinical significance and precise role of ZNF687 in cancer progression are largely unknown. Herein, we report that ZNF687 was markedly upregulated in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) cell lines and HCC tissues, and was significantly correlated with relapse-free survival in HCC...
July 24, 2017: Oncogenesis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28714950/tid1-s-regulates-the-mitochondrial-localization-of-egfr-in-non-small-cell-lung-carcinoma
#18
T-H Wang, Y-H Lin, S-C Yang, P-C Chang, T-Cv Wang, C-Y Chen
The epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) is the major driver of non-small cell lung carcinoma (NSCLC). Mitochondrial accumulation of EGFR has been shown to promote metastasis in NSCLC, yet little is known about how the mitochondrial localization of EGFR is regulated. In this work, we show that Tid1 (also known as mitochondrial HSP40) is involved in the mitochondrial localization of EGFR, and that the DnaJ domain of Tid1-S is essential for the Tid1-S-mediated transportation of EGFR into mitochondria. Overexpression of Tid1-S increased the migration and invasion of NSCLC cells cultured in vitro...
July 17, 2017: Oncogenesis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28714949/aspartate-%C3%AE-hydroxylase-disrupts-mitochondrial-dna-stability-and-function-in-hepatocellular-carcinoma
#19
C Tang, Y Hou, H Wang, K Wang, H Xiang, X Wan, Y Xia, J Li, W Wei, S Xu, Z Lei, T M Pawlik, H Wang, M Wu, F Shen
The mechanism of aberrant mitochondrial genome and function in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) remains largely unknown. Our previous study demonstrated an increased expression of aspartate β-hydroxylase (ASPH) in HCC tissues, which was associated with tumor invasiveness and a worse prognosis. Currently, we unexpectedly observed the presence of ASPH in purified mitochondrial protein fraction. In addition, immunostaining of both exogenously and endogenously expressed ASPH showed a colocalization with mitochondrial biomarkers...
July 17, 2017: Oncogenesis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28692037/srgn-tgf%C3%AE-2-regulatory-loop-confers-invasion-and-metastasis-in-triple-negative-breast-cancer
#20
Z Zhang, Y Deng, G Zheng, X Jia, Y Xiong, K Luo, Q Qiu, Ni Qiu, J Yin, M Lu, H Liu, Y Gu, Z He
Patients with triple-negative breast cancers (TNBC) are at a high risk for a recurrent or metastatic disease, and the molecular mechanisms associated with this risk are unclear. Proteoglycan serglycin (SRGN) proteins are involved in tumor metastasis, but their role in TNBC has not yet been elucidated. This study investigates the SRGN gene expression and how it regulates TGFβ2 and the downstream signaling of TGFβ2 in TNBC cells and tissues. Our results show that SRGN mRNA and protein expression levels were significantly higher in TNBC cell lines and tumor tissues than that in non-TNBC cells and tissues...
July 10, 2017: Oncogenesis
journal
journal
47455
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"