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International Journal of Applied and Basic Medical Research

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27857904/successful-pregnancy-after-excision-of-cesarean-scar-endometriosis-with-uterovesicocutaneous-fistula-a-rare-case-report
#1
Sunil Kumar Juneja, Pooja Tandon, Isha Chopra
Scar endometriosis is an infrequent type of extrapelvic endometriosis. The most common extrapelvic form of endometriosis is cutaneous endometriosis, involving scar tissues occurring after obstetric or gynecologic procedures such as episiotomy, hysterotomy, cesarean section, and even laparoscopic surgery. The clinical presentation of scar endometriosis, i.e., tender swellings, mimics other dermatological and/or surgical conditions and delays the diagnosis. Scar endometriosis very rarely can get complicated with uterocutaneous fistula with a reported incidence of very few cases in world literature...
October 2016: International Journal of Applied and Basic Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27857903/orthokeratinized-odontogenic-cyst-masquerading-as-dentigerous-cyst
#2
Devi Charan Shetty, Ajit Singh Rathore, Anshi Jain, Natasha Thokchom, Neha Khurana
The orthokeratinized odontogenic cyst (OOC) is a rare developmental odontogenic cyst that has been considered as a variant of the keratocystic odontogenic tumor until Wright (1981) defined it as a different entity. Recognition of OOC as a unique entity has long been due, yet its inexplicable clinical, radiographic presentation resembling dentigerous cyst due to its association to an impacted tooth, and its histological features makes it rather perplexing. This is the report of a case of OOC in relation to an impacted maxillary canine and its immunohistochemical analysis with Ki-67...
October 2016: International Journal of Applied and Basic Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27857902/severe-congenital-cyclic-neutropenia-a-case-report
#3
Vidyavathi H Patil, Shivayogi M Hugar, Girish Balikai, Sudha Patil
Congenital cyclic neutropenia syndrome is a constitutional genetic disorder which is characterized by very low number of neutrophils (neutropenia). Patients suffering from this disorder clinically present with neutropenia at early age, history of recurrent fever, ulcerations in the oral cavity, gingivitis, and other recurrent infections. This paper describes a case report of a child with recurrent mouth ulcers, fever, and later diagnosed with severe congenital cyclic neutropenia. This also emphasizes the importance of identification of rare causes of immunosuppressive conditions in children presenting with recurrent oral ulcers and poor dental hygiene, to prevent long-term complications of oral cavity and also morbidity and mortality secondary to neutropenic sepsis...
October 2016: International Journal of Applied and Basic Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27857901/complete-agenesis-of-the-dorsal-pancreas-a-rare-clinical-entity
#4
Ambooken P Robert, Showkathali Iqbal, Mathew John
Complete agenesis of the dorsal pancreas (ADP) is an exceedingly rare congenital anomaly, compatible with life. The first case was reported in 1911 and so far around 100 cases have been reported in the world literature. Majority of the patients with this anomaly are asymptomatic or associated with abdominal pain, hyperglycemia, diabetes mellitus, and acute or chronic pancreatitis. We present a case report of a 34-year-old male with ADP, diagnosed incidentally during radiological evaluation for abdominal pain...
October 2016: International Journal of Applied and Basic Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27857900/sudden-death-of-a-middle-aged-man-with-an-artificial-vagina-in-situ
#5
Muditha Vidanapathirana, Rohan P Ruwanpura, Sriyantha Rrg Amararatne
Artificial vaginas are designed to imitate the female sex organ. This is the first reported case in the forensic literature of a man being pronounced dead with an artificial vagina in situ. A middle-aged man was found unconscious in a bathroom when the door was forced open and was pronounced dead on admission. Autopsy revealed that the penis was inside an artificial vagina. There were no injuries, but there were left ventricular hypertrophy, myocardial fibrosis, and narrow coronaries. The cause of death was ascertained as ischemic heart disease due to coronary atherosclerosis and the comments included were no evidence of violence, and ischemic heart disease could have been precipitated due to abnormal sexual activity...
October 2016: International Journal of Applied and Basic Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27857899/hypoglycemia-and-revisable-st-elevation-induced-by-movento
#6
Mohammad Moshiri, Seyed Reza Mousavi, Leila Etemad
Spirotetramat (STM), an active ingredient of insecticide Movento 100 suspension concentrate (M100), is an inhibitor of acetyl-CoA carboxylase (ACC). The ACC is catalyst of acetyl-CoA to malonyl-CoA (MCA) reaction. MCA is the rate limiting steps of fatty acid biosynthesis. An 18-years-old man, who was referred to our ward from a local hospital, ingested 100 ml of M100, 18 h before. When we visited him, he was confused with stable vital signs and complained of vomiting and epigastric discomfort. He experienced hypoglycemia (blood sugar = 31 mg/dl) that was treated by hypertonic 20% dextrose serum and continued by maintenance DW10% (100 ml/h) up to 3 h...
October 2016: International Journal of Applied and Basic Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27857898/pregnancy-luteoma-a-rare-case-report
#7
Vaishali Verma, Surinder Paul, K S Chahal, Jaspreet Singh
Pregnancy luteomas are rare, nonneoplastic lesions of the ovary thought to be caused by the hormonal effects of pregnancy. Most of these patients are asymptomatic with the ovarian enlargement being incidentally discovered during imaging or surgery. Some patients develop hirsutism or virilization during late pregnancy. Luteomas spontaneously regress postpartum. It may be a diagnostic and management challenge as it can mimic the presentation of malignant ovarian tumors. We present a 33-year-old female with an enlarged ovary discovered incidentally at the time of cesarean section...
October 2016: International Journal of Applied and Basic Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27857897/interleukin-4-and-interferon-%C3%AE-are-possible-allergic-markers-in-pediatric-patients-with-%C3%AE-lactam-hypersensitivity
#8
Khaled H Mahmoud, Abdullateef A Alzolibani, Zafar Rasheed, Yasser Farouk, Ghada Bin Saif, Ahmad A Al Robaee
BACKGROUND: β-lactam agents are known to elicit T-cell-mediated immune responses that play a central role in the onset of allergic reactions, but the involvement of specific type of cytokines in drug allergy remains largely unexplored in humans. OBJECTIVES: This study was undertaken to investigate the role of cytokines involvement in pediatric patients with β-lactam hypersensitivity and to determine whether involvement of cytokines in drug-mediated reactions are important for the perspective of allergic patient's management...
October 2016: International Journal of Applied and Basic Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27857896/prevalence-of-abelson-murine-leukemia-viral-oncogene-homolog-breakpoint-cluster-region-fusions-and-correlation-with-peripheral-blood-parameters-in-chronic-myelogenous-leukemia-patients-in-lorestan-province-iran
#9
Ali Asghar Kiani, Farhad Shahsavar, Mojtaba Gorji, Kolsoum Ahmadi, Vahideh Heydari Nazarabad, Banafsheh Bahmani
CONTEXT: Chronic myelogenous leukemia (CML) is a chronic malignancy of myeloid linage associated with a significant increase in granulocytes in bone marrow and peripheral blood. CML diagnosis is based on detection of Philadelphia chromosome and "Abelson murine leukemia viral oncogene homolog" (ABL)-"breakpoint cluster region protein" fusions (ABL-BCR fusions). AIMS: In this study, patients with CML morphology were studied according to ABL-BCR fusions and the relationship between the fusions and peripheral blood cell changes was examined...
October 2016: International Journal of Applied and Basic Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27857895/angiotensin-converting-enzyme-insertion-deletion-polymorphism-is-not-associated-with-vasoocclusive-complications-of-sickle-cell-anemia
#10
Sana Abass Mahjoub, Enaam Abdelrhman, Mohammed Elfatih Mohy El-Deen, Mustafa Sharf Eldin Mustafa, Elshazali Widaa Ali
CONTEXT: Sickle cell anemia (SCA) is a group of hemoglobin disorders in which the sickle β-globin gene is inherited. It is associated with many complications; most of them are related to thrombotic events. AIM: This study aimed to investigate the association between angiotensin converting enzyme (ACE) insertion/deletion polymorphism and complications of SCA. SETTINGS AND DESIGN: A case-control study was conducted in Khartoum state. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: A total of 50 patients with SCA and 40 healthy volunteers as a control group were enrolled in this study...
October 2016: International Journal of Applied and Basic Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27857894/buccolingual-course-of-the-inferior-alveolar-canal-in-different-mental-foramen-locations-a-cone-beam-computed-tomography-study-of-an-iranian-population
#11
Atieh Safaee, Sanam Mirbeigi, Fatemeh Ezoddini, Leila Khojastepour, Alireza Navab-Azam
CONTEXT: Better understanding of the anatomical location and course of the mandibular canal is necessary to avoid damaging inferior alveolar nerve. AIMS: The aim of this study was to investigate the buccolingual course of the inferior alveolar canal (IAC) in different mental foramen locations, using cone beam computed tomography. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Three hundred and twelve hemimandibular images were evaluated in this study. The location of mental foramen in relation to the apices of mandibular premolar and molar teeth were recorded...
October 2016: International Journal of Applied and Basic Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27857893/a-study-on-the-aac-6-1-lb-cr-gene-prevalence-among-ciprofloxacin-resistant-strains-of-uropathogenic-enterobacteriaceae
#12
Nirupa Soundararajan, Priyadarshini Shanmugam, Caroline Devanbu, Shameem Banu Abdul Sattar
INTRODUCTION: Urinary tract infections (UTIs) are very common. Indiscriminate use of antibiotics has led to the development of resistance to most of the commonly used antibiotics including quinolones. AIM: This study aimed to find out the prevalence of ciprofloxacin resistance among the uropathogenic Enterobacteriaceae, to determine the virulence factors of these isolates, and to detect the aac-(6(1))-lb-cr gene among those isolates with minimal inhibitory concentrations (MICs) of ciprofloxacin >256 mcg/ml...
October 2016: International Journal of Applied and Basic Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27857892/arterial-ammonia-levels-prognostic-marker-in-traumatic-hemorrhage
#13
Anurag Singla, Satinder Kaur, Navjot Kaur, C S Gill
BACKGROUND: In blunt trauma, extent of hemorrhage cannot be determined by physical examination, and vital signs may also not give clear picture in all the patients, especially young healthy ones. Hemorrhagic shock has been reported to increase blood ammonia levels. Arterial ammonia was analyzed in blunt trauma abdomen patients and correlated with shock index (SI). Its predictive value was determined for timely decision of intervention. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Hundred blunt trauma abdomen patients presented in the emergency ward of tertiary care hospital were included in the study...
October 2016: International Journal of Applied and Basic Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27857891/efficacy-and-safety-of-carica-papaya-leaf-extract-in-the-dengue-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#14
Jaykaran Charan, Deepak Saxena, Jagdish Prasad Goyal, Sandul Yasobant
BACKGROUND: Dengue is an infectious disease associated with high mortality and morbidity. Being a viral disease, there is no specific drug available for treatment. There are some reports that Carica papaya leaf extract may improve the clinical condition of dengue patients; however, to support this, at present, there is no systematically searched and synthesized evidence available. OBJECTIVES: This systematic review and meta-analysis was designed to search the available evidence related to the efficacy and safety of C...
October 2016: International Journal of Applied and Basic Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27857890/prevalence-of-thyroid-disorders-in-hepatitis-c-virus-positive-patients-on-interferon-and-antiviral-therapy
#15
Gitanjali Goyal, Kmds Panag, Ravinder Garg
BACKGROUND: Hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection is common worldwide. The treatment typically involves a combination of interferon-alpha (IFN-α) and ribavirin (RBV) therapy; however, the use of IFN-α is well documented to be associated with thyroid disease, the most common autoimmune disorder associated with IFN-α. AIM: The aim of the present study was to know the prevalence of thyroid abnormality in the HCV-positive patients on IFN and antiviral therapy. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Fifty known HCV positive patients were enrolled for the study...
October 2016: International Journal of Applied and Basic Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27857889/possible-role-of-elevated-serum-testosterone-in-pathogenesis-of-renal-stone-formation
#16
Kapil Gupta, Gurpreet Singh Gill, Rajiv Mahajan
BACKGROUND: Urolithiasis or renal stone formation occurs with three times higher frequency in males and decreases with age in parallel with the serum testosterone levels, suggesting a role played by male sex hormones. Androgens appear a promotion action and estrogens an inhibitory action on kidney stone formation in several animal models suggesting a study to be carried out to deduce the role played by serum testosterone in the formation of renal stones. AIM: The aim of this study is to define the involvement of serum total testosterone, free testosterone, and dihydrotestosterone in the pathogenesis of urolithiasis in males by comparing the results with healthy males with no present or past history of urolithiasis as controls...
October 2016: International Journal of Applied and Basic Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27857888/the-triple-q-algorithm-a-practical-approach-to-the-identification-of-liver-topography
#17
Omar Bekdache, Ahmad Zarour, Ayman El-Menyar, Yassir Abdulrahman, Husham Abdelrahman, Mohammad Ellabib, Ruben Peralta, Hassan Al-Thani
The descriptive identification and interpretation of liver pathology continue to raise debate, especially for trainees and junior physicians. There is wide diversity in the description of liver segmentation with sometimes contradictory terminology between French and American literature. Attempts were made to create a unified nomenclature that simplifies the problem. We propose a simple approach to describe the location of liver pathology in different settings by referring to an algorithm based on three questions...
October 2016: International Journal of Applied and Basic Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27857887/the-relative-buccolingual-position-reflects-the-horizontal-course-of-the-inferior-alveolar-canal-more-accurately-than-morphometric-measurements
#18
EDITORIAL
Wei Cheong Ngeow, Phrabhakaran Nambiar
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2016: International Journal of Applied and Basic Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27563595/erratum-effectiveness-of-discharge-planning-on-physical-quality-of-life-of-patients-with-ischemic-heart-disease
#19
(no author information available yet)
[This corrects the article on p. 129 in vol. 6, PMID: 27127744.].
July 2016: International Journal of Applied and Basic Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27563594/autopsy-as-a-tool-for-learning-gross-anatomy-during-1-st-year-mbbs
#20
Parmod Kumar Goyal, Monika Gupta, Jaswinder Kaur
INTRODUCTION: Embalmed cadavers are the primary tool for teaching anatomy. However, difficulties are encountered due to changed color/texture of organs, hardening of tissues, and smell of formaldehyde. To overcome these difficulties, dissections on a fresh human body were shown to the 1(st) year MBBS students, and their perception was noted. MATERIALS AND METHODS: After taking universal precautionary measures, postmortem dissections were shown to students on voluntary donated bodies in the dissection hall, in addition to the traditional teaching on embalmed cadavers...
July 2016: International Journal of Applied and Basic Medical Research
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