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International Journal of Applied and Basic Medical Research

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30123757/the-role-of-cilia-in-the-setting-of-isomerism-and-why-isomerism-is-not-a-subset-of-heterotaxy
#1
Rohit S Loomba, Robert H Anderson
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2018: International Journal of Applied and Basic Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30123756/simple-mortality-predictive-models-for-improving-critical-care-in-resource-limited-settings-an-insight-on-the-modified-early-warning-score-and-rapid-emergency-medical-score
#2
Mazou Ngou Temgoua, Joel Nouktadie Tochie, Valirie Ndip Agbor, Frank-Leonel Tianyi, Ronni Tankeu, Celestin Danwang
Mortality rate among critically ill patients admitted to the Intensive Care Unit is high, particularly in low-income countries (LIC). Many scores have been developed to predict these fatal outcomes. In LIC, the applicability of scoring systems is precluded by the unavailability of resources to compile all the parameters of these scores. Herein, we highlight the advantages of two models: the Modified Early Warning Score (MEWS) and the Rapid Emergency Medical Score (REMS). The REMS and the MEWS have the advantage of being accurate, simple, inexpensive, and practical for LIC...
July 2018: International Journal of Applied and Basic Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30123755/failure-of-eruption-of-permanent-tooth
#3
J Bhuvaneswarri, S C Chandrasekaran
Primary failure of eruption (PFE) is a rare condition that can lead to posterior open bites. It is difficult to diagnose and difficult to treat. PFE appears to be a condition that predominantly affects the molar dentition. The increased frequency of hypodontia in affected individuals and common findings of a family history regarding tooth eruption problems suggests a significant genetic component to the etiology of this rare condition.
July 2018: International Journal of Applied and Basic Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30123754/uterine-lipoleiomyoma-and-lipoma-a-rare-unique-case-report-with-review-of-literature
#4
Shirish S Chandawale, Kunjal Mukesh Karia, Neekita S Agrawal, Amardeep A Patil, Abhinav B Shetty, Manpreet Kaur
Uterine lipoleiomyoma and pure lipoma are uncommon and extremely rare benign lipomatous tumors. Reported incidence is 0.03%-0.25%. Pure cervical lipoma is exceptionally rare. These tumors commonly arise in postmenopausal women. Ultrasonography and computed tomography finding may be nonspecific. Although magnetic resonance imaging can be useful in identifying the fatty nature of the lesion preoperatively, most of the cases postoperatively on histopathological examination. Although various theories of histogenesis of these tumors have been proposed, histogenesis remains to be enigma...
July 2018: International Journal of Applied and Basic Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30123753/-collateral-damage-horner-s-syndrome-following-excision-of-a-cervical-vagal-schwannoma
#5
Kv Praveen Kumar, Md Shahid Alam
Horner's syndrome is characterized by triad of blepharoptosis, miosis, and anhydrosis on the lateral part of the face. Incidence of iatrogenic Horner syndrome resulting from neck surgeries has been reported between 10% to 18.5%. Iatrogenic Horner syndrome resulting from excision of cervical vagal nerve schwannoma is uncommon, and has rarely been mentioned in literature. We report a rare case of iatrogenic preganglionic Horner's syndrome resulting from excision of a cervical vagal schwannoma. An 18 years old female presented with the complaints of sudden drooping of right upper lid associated with reduced sweating on right side of face for the past 3 months...
July 2018: International Journal of Applied and Basic Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30123752/breast-lump-a-rare-presentation-of-tuberculosis
#6
Ravish M Kumar, Santosh Laxman, Prashant Parandekar
Tuberculosis presenting as breast lump is a rare disease. This condition usually occurs in females who are in the reproductive age group. Diagnosis is quite difficult unless prompt investigations are meticulously done. They are often mistaken for malignancy. We report a 19-year-old girl with tubercular breast abscess. The abscess was incised and drained based on fine-needle aspiration cytology and ultrasonography revealed it as pyogenic abscess. Ziehl-Neelsen stain (ZN stain) of the pus sample showed acid-fast bacilli...
July 2018: International Journal of Applied and Basic Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30123751/combined-st-elevation-in-a-case-of-acute-myocardial-infarction-how-to-identify-the-infarct-related-artery
#7
Kavitha Balasubramanian, Balasubramanian Ramachandran, Anandaraja Subramanian, Kandan Balamurugesan
Combined ST elevation in anterior and inferior ECG leads in acute myocardial infarction is not a rarity. It is both interesting and challenging to indentify the infarct related culprit artery. We report the case of a middle aged male with acute myocardial infarction whose admission ECG shows ST elevation in lead II, III, aVF as well as from V1 -V3 . 90% of such cases are due to single vessel occlusion - majority due to proximal RCA occlusion and the remaining due to mid to distal LAD occlusion. ECG features to differentiate between these two vascular occlusions are discussed...
July 2018: International Journal of Applied and Basic Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30123750/an-unexpected-encounter-with-foreign-body-in-the-primary-teeth-and-its-management
#8
Chinta Mahesh, Dwitha Animireddy, Shanthan Mettu, Manasi Kulkarni
Clinicians may come across strange situations when they accidentally notice foreign bodies in the root canals of the teeth. This foreign body entrapment is more common in children because of the habit of placing various objects into the tooth, particularly in the cases of open carious lesions. Sometimes, these foreign objects may act as an impending source for pain and infection. Even though accidental insertion is the main etiological factor, there are other possibilities such as self-injurious habits and dental neglect which should be ruled out by thorough history...
July 2018: International Journal of Applied and Basic Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30123749/immunoglobulin-a-myeloma-in-a-newly-diagnosed-sickle-cell-disease-patient
#9
John Ayodele Olaniyi, Khadijah Bolanle Shonde-Adebola
Several neoplasms including hematological malignancies occurring in very few patients with sickle cell syndromes have been reported in literature, particularly as survival among these patients and diagnostic accuracy have continued to improve. Multiple myeloma (MM) has rarely been reported in patients with hemoglobin (Hb) S + C. We report a 65-year-old retired banker who was recently diagnosed with HbS + C. This patient developed MM with markedly elevated erythrocyte sedimentation rate, mild anemia, 80% bone marrow plasmacytosis, and elevated serum immunoglobulin A level, while plain X-ray of the lumbosacral spine showed multilevel vertebral collapse...
July 2018: International Journal of Applied and Basic Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30123748/changes-in-the-internal-size-of-the-jugular-vein-in-adult-patients-with-hypovolemia
#10
Aleksandr L Urakov, Aleksei V Shchegolev, Anton A Kasatkin, Anna R Nigmatullina
The present study is aimed at establishing the values of internal jugular vein (IJV) anterior-posterior and medial-lateral sizes in patients with hypovolemia. A total of 25 adult Intensive Care Unit patients with hypovolemia were studied. It was found that the anterior-posterior vein size in patients with hypovolemia was significantly less than medial-lateral size during inhalation and during exhalation as well ( P < 0.05). Besides, the value of the anterior-posterior size (Dmin ) <7 mm was recorded in 20 from 25 patients (80%)...
July 2018: International Journal of Applied and Basic Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30123747/oral-health-related-quality-of-life-among-patients-after-complete-denture-rehabilitation-a-12-month-follow-up-study
#11
Kiran Kaushik, Pankaj Dhawan, Piyush Tandan, Meena Jain
Introduction: Complete edentulism is an eventual oral health outcome and results from the combined pathology of dental caries, periodontal disease, or faulty method of rehabilitation due to reduced cost. Complete edentulism has a significant concern and leads to reduced quality of life (QoL) along with impact on general health. However, it has been observed that due to wider and better oral health services globally, edentulism rate is decreasing every decade. Edentulism is directly related to masticatory and nutritional problems, and some authors regard it as a good mortality indicator...
July 2018: International Journal of Applied and Basic Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30123746/effect-of-lidocaine-on-olfactory-perception-in-humans
#12
Churunal Hari, Ben Grimshaw, Tim Jacob
Objective: The effect of local anesthesia to the nasal mucosa on olfactory acuity is the subject of some debate. This study was aimed to investigate the effect of local anesthesia on olfactory perception. Materials and Methods: Six healthy participants, five males and one female, were chosen from the academic population of Cardiff University. Olfactory perception was monitored at intervals following administration of 4% lidocaine to the nasal mucosa in the volunteers...
July 2018: International Journal of Applied and Basic Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30123745/lack-of-awareness-of-pharmacovigilance-among-young-health-care-professionals-in-india-an-issue-requiring-urgent-intervention
#13
Jagjit Singh, Harmanjit Singh, Ravi Rohilla, Rajiv Kumar, C S Gautam
Background: Young healthcare professionals (HCPs) are the pillar of healthcare system. The objective of the present study was to assess the knowledge, attitude, and practices of young HCPs regarding adverse drug reactions (ADRs) reporting. Methods: This cross-sectional questionnaire-based study was conducted on young HCPs in a tertiary care teaching hospital of North India. The study instrument was semi-structured, prevalidated questionnaire. The responses obtained were compared among doctors and nursing professionals...
July 2018: International Journal of Applied and Basic Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30123744/assessment-of-differences-in-pupil-size-following-phacoemulsification-surgery
#14
Ibrahim Sahbaz
Purpose: The purpose of this study is to detect the changes in pupil size developing after phacoemulsification surgery. Methods: Seventy-five eyes of a total of 49 patients (32 males and 17 females) were included in this prospective clinical trial. Routine preoperative ophthalmological examinations of the patients were performed. The presence of any systemic diseases, the presence or history of ocular trauma, uveitis, optic neuropathy or anisocoria, using ocular or systemic medications, and also the presence of any other serious ocular diseases except cataract was considered as criteria for exclusion...
July 2018: International Journal of Applied and Basic Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30123743/pharmacokinetics-and-oxidation-parameters-in-volunteers-supplemented-with-microencapsulated-docosahexaenoic-acid
#15
Ivan M Petyaev, Natalya E Chalyk, Victor A Klochkov, Dmitry V Pristensky, Marina P Chernyshova, Nigel H Kyle, Yuriy K Bashmakov
Context: Docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) is an omega-3 fatty acid essential for cardiovascular health, brain development, and reproductive function. Due to hydrophobicity and low DHA bioavailability, new microencapsulated DHA formulations are under development. Aim: This study aims to evaluate DHA pharmacokinetics (PKs) and biological oxidation parameters in volunteers ingesting a newly developed lutein-containing lycosomal formulation of DHA (LF-DHA). Materials and Methods: A total of 32 healthy volunteers (40-65 years old) with signs of oxidative stress (OS) and subclinical hypoxia were orally supplemented for a month with 250 mg of regular DHA (1st group) or a combination of lutein (7...
July 2018: International Journal of Applied and Basic Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30123742/root-canal-morphology-of-maxillary-first-premolars-using-the-clearing-technique-in-a-south-indian-population-an-in-vitro-study
#16
Chethana Dinakar, Urvashi A Shetty, Varsha V Salian, Pushparaja Shetty
Background: The success of root canal therapy requires a good knowledge of root canal morphology. Literature review shows variations in a number of roots and canal morphology in studies done across the globe. Aim: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the root canal morphology in maxillary first premolars using the clearing technique in a South Indian population. Methodology: Two hundred and twenty-five extracted noncarious, nonfractured, sound maxillary first premolars were collected, cleaned, and were injected with India ink to stain the root canals...
July 2018: International Journal of Applied and Basic Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30123741/sleep-paralysis-a-medical-condition-with-a-diverse-cultural-interpretation
#17
Esther Olunu, Ruth Kimo, Esther Olufunmbi Onigbinde, Mary-Amadeus Uduak Akpanobong, Inyene Ezekiel Enang, Mariam Osanakpo, Ifure Tom Monday, David Adeiza Otohinoyi, Adegbenro Omotuyi John Fakoya
Sleep paralysis (SP) is a state associated with the inability to move that occurs when an individual is about sleeping or just waking. It could occur in healthy individuals as isolated SP. It has also been linked with other underlying psychiatry, familial, and sleep disorders. Statistics show that 8% of the general population suffers from SP. Although this value has been described inaccurately, there is no standard definition or etiology to diagnose SP. There are several speculations describing SP in the current literature...
July 2018: International Journal of Applied and Basic Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30123740/novel-lipid-lowering-agents-proprotein-convertase-subtilisin-kexin-type-9-inhibitors-do-they-show-mortality-benefits
#18
EDITORIAL
Rajiv Mahajan
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2018: International Journal of Applied and Basic Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29744330/splenic-hematoma-mimicking-rupture-uterus-a-diagnostic-dilemma
#19
Vishnu Bhartiya, Richa Sharma
Spontaneous splenic hematoma occurring during pregnancy is a rare entity. It often occurs in preexisting pathology of the spleen such as thalassemia or infectious etiologies such as malaria, typhoid, dengue, or infectious mononucleosis but most commonly after a trauma. The occurrence of splenic hematoma during pregnancy without any underlying cause is rare. Here, we present such a case and the diagnostic dilemma associated with it.
April 2018: International Journal of Applied and Basic Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29744329/incidental-case-of-left-lung-hypoplasia-in-a-postabortal-young-female
#20
Darshan Kumar Bajaj, Ras Kushwaha, Rajiv Garg, Jyoti Bajpai, Abhishek Dubey, Surya Kant, Mona Asnani
Congenital malformations of the lung are extremely rare with an incidence of pulmonary hypoplasia around 1-2/12,000 births. Boyden has categorized three degrees of malformation including (i) agenesis in which there is complete absence of the lung and bronchus and no vascular supply to the affected side, (ii) aplasia in which there is the presence of rudimentary bronchus with the absence of pulmonary parenchyma, and (iii) hypoplasia in which there are variable amounts of bronchial tree, pulmonary parenchyma, and supporting vasculature...
April 2018: International Journal of Applied and Basic Medical Research
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