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International Journal of Applied and Basic Medical Research

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29744330/splenic-hematoma-mimicking-rupture-uterus-a-diagnostic-dilemma
#1
Vishnu Bhartiya, Richa Sharma
Spontaneous splenic hematoma occurring during pregnancy is a rare entity. It often occurs in preexisting pathology of the spleen such as thalassemia or infectious etiologies such as malaria, typhoid, dengue, or infectious mononucleosis but most commonly after a trauma. The occurrence of splenic hematoma during pregnancy without any underlying cause is rare. Here, we present such a case and the diagnostic dilemma associated with it.
April 2018: International Journal of Applied and Basic Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29744329/incidental-case-of-left-lung-hypoplasia-in-a-postabortal-young-female
#2
Darshan Kumar Bajaj, Ras Kushwaha, Rajiv Garg, Jyoti Bajpai, Abhishek Dubey, Surya Kant, Mona Asnani
Congenital malformations of the lung are extremely rare with an incidence of pulmonary hypoplasia around 1-2/12,000 births. Boyden has categorized three degrees of malformation including (i) agenesis in which there is complete absence of the lung and bronchus and no vascular supply to the affected side, (ii) aplasia in which there is the presence of rudimentary bronchus with the absence of pulmonary parenchyma, and (iii) hypoplasia in which there are variable amounts of bronchial tree, pulmonary parenchyma, and supporting vasculature...
April 2018: International Journal of Applied and Basic Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29744328/bilateral-metachronous-breast-carcinoma-a-rare-case-report
#3
Anand Singla, Navneet Kaur, Darshanjeet Singh Walia, Deeksha Singla
The occurrence of bilateral breast cancer is rare. A second primary in the contralateral breast can either be synchronous or metachronous. Lobular carcinoma of the breast is known for its multicentricity and bilateral spread. The synchronous mixed pattern of carcinoma of the breast has also been reported in the same breast. The family history of breast carcinoma, estrogen receptor negativity, and human epidermal growth factor receptor-2 positivity are risk factors for the development of contralateral breast malignancy...
April 2018: International Journal of Applied and Basic Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29744327/management-of-recurrent-rhinomaxillary-mucormycosis-and-nasal-myiasis-in-an-uncontrolled-diabetic-patient-a-systematic-approach
#4
N M Manjunath, Preema Melani Pinto
Mucormycosis is a rare but often fatal fungal infection caused by a group of fungus known as the Mucorales. This fungus can cause varieties of infections in human beings, especially in an immunocompromised condition. According to various studies, the mortality rate ranges from 10% to 100% depending on the location and site of infection accompanied by underlying diseases. Rhinomaxillary involvement is the most common form of mucormycosis predominantly occurring in patients with uncontrolled diabetes. Necrosis of the maxilla in patients with rhinomaxillary form is less evident as the maxilla is richly vascular, but in case of immunocompromised status, it becomes a common clinical finding...
April 2018: International Journal of Applied and Basic Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29744326/right-sided-pseudotumor-sternocleidomastoid-with-left-clavicle-fracture
#5
Shilpa Prabhu, Amal Faisal Al Abdulla, Magdy Ramadan Abdulmaaboud
Here, we present a rare case of unilateral fibromatosis colli of the sternocleidomastoid in an infant with contralateral clavicle fracture after assisted vaginal delivery. We also try to reason that because of right sternocleidomastoid tension, the fracture in the right clavicle was avoided, and because of left-sided clavicle fracture, left sternocleidomastoid muscle did not form pseudotumor as there was release of tension in these muscle fibers after fracture.
April 2018: International Journal of Applied and Basic Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29744325/inhibition-of-spontaneous-contractility-of-isolated-caprine-ureter-by-flupirtine
#6
Girish S Naik, Rohit Kodagali, Manoj G Tyagi, Kalpana Ernest, Margaret Shanthi, Sumith K Mathew, Jacob Peedicayil
Context: Kv7 potassium channels are expressed in several types of smooth muscles and could mediate physiological responses in the tissues expressed. Flupirtine is an analgesic that acts by opening Kv7 potassium channels. It has been shown to inhibit the contractility of several types of isolated smooth muscle. Aims: This study investigated the ability of flupirtine to inhibit the spontaneous contractility of isolated distal caprine (goat) ureter. Settings and Design: Spontaneous contractility of the isolated goat ureter was recorded using a physiograph...
April 2018: International Journal of Applied and Basic Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29744324/effect-of-short-term-consumption-of-amul-probiotic-yogurt-containing-lactobacillus-acidophilus-la5-and-bifidobacterium-lactis-bb12-on-salivary-streptococcus-mutans-count-in-high-caries-risk-individuals
#7
Harshal Prakash Bafna, C G Ajithkrishnan, Thanveer Kalantharakath, Ricky Pal Singh, Pulkit Kalyan, Jagadishchandra Bheemasain Vathar, Hemal R Patel
Aim: This study aims to study the effect of short-term consumption of probiotic yogurt containing Lactobacillus acidophilus La5 and Bifidobacterium lactis Bb12 on salivary Streptococcus mutans count in high caries risk individuals. Materials and Methods: A double-blind randomized control trial was conducted, and 70 high caries risk individuals with a salivary S. mutans count of more than 106 CFU/ml of saliva were followed for 4 weeks. Participants ingested 100 g yogurt containing L...
April 2018: International Journal of Applied and Basic Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29744323/insulin-sensitivity-inflammation-and-basal-metabolic-rate-in-adults-with-sickle-cell-anemia
#8
Kehinde Sola Akinlade, Ayodeji Samuel Kumuyi, Sheu Kadiri Rahamon, John Ayodele Olaniyi
Background: Chronic inflammation and elevated basal metabolic rate (BMR) are established features of sickle-cell anemia (SCA). However, there is little information on the possible impacts of these afore-mentioned features on glycemia and insulin sensitivity status of this group of people. Aim: This study aims to determine the insulin sensitivity status as well the effect of BMR on glycemia in adults with SCA in steady state. Materials and Methods: Fifty participants comprising 30 adults with SCA in steady state and 20 age- and gender-matched apparently healthy adults with hemoglobin genotype AA (HbAA) genotype that served as controls...
April 2018: International Journal of Applied and Basic Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29744322/dissemination-of-multidrug-resistant-class-i-and-ii-integrons-and-molecular-typing-of-ctx-m-producing-klebsiella-pneumoniae
#9
Alisha Akya, Azam Elahi, Roya Chegenelorestani, Mahya Rezaee
Introduction: Klebsiella pneumoniae ( K. pneumoniae ) is an important opportunistic pathogen causes serious community and hospital-acquired infections, which is highly resistant to antibiotics. We aimed to determine the frequency of multidrug resistant (MDR) and molecular typing of clinical isolates of K. pneumoniae . Methodology: One hundred isolates of K. pneumoniae were collected from clinical samples in three general hospitals in Kermanshah. The antimicrobial susceptibility and extended-spectrum beta-lactamases (ESBL) production of isolates were determined using disk diffusion and combined disk methods, respectively...
April 2018: International Journal of Applied and Basic Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29744321/morphology-of-intra-articular-structures-and-histology-of-menisci-of-knee-joint
#10
Monika Gupta, Parmod Kumar Goyal, Poonam Singh, Anu Sharma
Introduction: Menisci and cruciate ligaments are intra-articular structures of knee, and injury to these structures is common. Morphometric data gained in the study will help in analyzing the variations among humans and correlating it with the possibility, location, and type of injuries as well as better interpretation of structures during magnetic resonance imaging and arthroscopy which will further help in reconstructive surgeries of knee. Materials and Methods: Width and thickness of the medial menisci (MM), lateral menisci (LM), and maximum length and width of anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) and posterior cruciate ligament (PCL) were taken on twenty knees...
April 2018: International Journal of Applied and Basic Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29744320/a-study-of-depression-externalizing-and-internalizing-behaviors-among-adolescents-living-in-institutional-homes
#11
Archana Vinnakota, Ravneet Kaur
Background: Adolescence, a psychologically vulnerable stage of life, when coupled with stressful environment such as institutional homes, may result in high psychiatric morbidity. These psychiatric disorders including depression are detrimental to the psychological development in adolescents. Aims and Objectives: The objectives of the study were to describe and study the extent of depression in adolescent boys and girls living in institutional homes and to study the association between depression and externalizing and Internalizing behaviors among adolescents in institutional homes...
April 2018: International Journal of Applied and Basic Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29744319/correlation-of-severity-of-functional-gastrointestinal-disease-symptoms-with-that-of-asthma-and-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-a-multicenter-study
#12
Umesh Chandra Ojha, Devesh Pratap Singh, Omkar Kalidasrao Choudhari, Dipti Gothi, Shweta Singh
Introduction: There is a growing clinical awareness about the influence of gut-lung axis on lung injury and coexisting manifestations of disease processes in both the intestine and lungs. Patients of chronic lung diseases such as chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and asthma very often present with coexistent gut symptoms. In the present study, we have tried to establish the correlation of severity of pulmonary pathology of COPD and asthma patients with functional gastrointestinal (GI) symptoms of the patients...
April 2018: International Journal of Applied and Basic Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29744318/evaluation-of-thyroid-lesions-by-fine-needle-aspiration-cytology-according-to-bethesda-system-and-its-histopathological-correlation
#13
Shirish S Nandedkar, Monal Dixit, Kamal Malukani, Amit V Varma, Shankhini Gambhir
Background: The Bethesda system is a uniform reporting system for thyroid cytology that facilitates the clarity of communication among cytopathologists, radiologists, and surgeons and facilitates cytohistologic correlation for thyroid diseases. Objective: This study was carried out to evaluate thyroid lesions by fine-needle aspiration cytology (FNAC) based on Bethesda system of reporting and to correlate the cytological findings with histopathology. Materials and Methods: A total of 606 patients with thyroid lesions were studied by FNAC at our institute between January 1, 2006, and January 31, 2016, and results were compared with histopathology wherever possible...
April 2018: International Journal of Applied and Basic Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29744317/prospective-randomized-comparative-study-to-evaluate-epidural-fibrosis-and-surgical-outcome-in-patients-undergoing-lumbar-laminectomy-with-epidural-autologous-free-fat-graft-or-gelfoam-a-preliminary-study
#14
Shivender Sobti, Ashwani Grover, B Paul S John, Sarvpreet Singh Grewal, Uttam B George
Introduction: Epidural fibrosis (EF) contributes to unsatisfactory relief of symptoms and failed back syndrome after spine surgery. EF around the nerve root can be more refractory to treatment than the original disc herniation itself. Reoperation on the scar can produce more scarring. Few studies have been conducted regarding the type of material to be used for decreasing EF. Materials and Methods: The prospective randomized comparative study was conducted in the Department of Neurosurgery and Radiodiagnosis, of a tertiary care hospital...
April 2018: International Journal of Applied and Basic Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29744316/mental-healthcare-act-2017-need-to-wait-and-watch
#15
Abhisek Mishra, Abhiruchi Galhotra
Mental health is different from general health as in certain circumstances mentally ill people may not be in a position to make decisions on their own. Those who suffer rarely get access to appropriate medical treatment as their families try to hide their condition out of a sense of shame. Over 300 million people are estimated to suffer from depression, equivalent to 4.4% of the world's total population. According to a study conducted by the National Institute of Mental Health and Neurosciences, 1 in 40 and 1 in 20 people are suffering from the past and current episodes of depression in India...
April 2018: International Journal of Applied and Basic Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29744315/oxidative-stress-in-diabetic-patients-with-sickle-cell-anemia-a-warning-call-for-endemic-areas
#16
EDITORIAL
Rajiv Mahajan
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2018: International Journal of Applied and Basic Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29552541/atypical-pneumococcal-isolate-from-blood
#17
Jayashree Veerasamy, Jayalakshmi Jayarajan
Pneumonia with bacteremia accounts for the majority (70%) of cases of invasive pneumococcal diseases. Laboratory characterization of pneumococci is routinely done by sensitivity to optochin. We identified an atypical presentation of optochin-resistant pneumococci in blood isolate of a patient with sepsis. Polymerase chain reaction for autolysin (lytA) and pneumolysin (ply) was positive in the bile soluble isolate. Gene sequencing revealed synonymous single nucleotide polymorphism type of functional mutation in lytA gene...
January 2018: International Journal of Applied and Basic Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29552540/primary-hemochromatosis-presenting-as-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-a-case-report-with-review-of-literature
#18
Kalyani Raju, Srinivas Murthy Venkataramappa
Hemochromatosis is an autosomal recessive genetic disorder resulting in increased intestinal absorption of iron and eventually to iron overload. The onset of symptoms is usually seen around 40 years of age. Iron overload causes tissue damage in liver, pancreas, skin, joints, heart, and gonads. Approximately 50% of patients diagnosed with hemochromatosis will have either type 1 or type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM) because of selective beta-cell damage due to iron overload and leads to impaired insulin synthesis, release, and insulin resistance...
January 2018: International Journal of Applied and Basic Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29552539/congenital-epidermal-inclusion-cyst-on-the-breast-a-case-series-of-a-rare-entity
#19
Ashish Amrani, Priyadarshini Sahu, Surabhi Dayal, Poonam Verma
Epidermal inclusion cysts (EICs) are the most common cutaneous cysts, occurring anywhere in the body but infrequently on the breast. It is usually seen in the third and fourth decades of life and very rarely seen in children. They can be either congenital or posttraumatic. Most of the EICs described in children were secondary to trauma. Congenital EIC on the breast is quite a rare entity. Thus, we herein describe two cases of congenital EIC on the breast in two infants of 3 months and 9 months of age, which to the best of our knowledge has not been reported previously...
January 2018: International Journal of Applied and Basic Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29552538/granulomatous-response-in-intracranial-germinomas-diagnostic-problems
#20
Sree Rekha Jinkala, Elancheran Muthalagan, Bhawana Ashok Badhe
Intracranial germinomas are rare and account for <0.5% of primary intracranial tumors. In contrast to the gonadal germinomas, these do not show granulomatous response within the tumor. In rare cases, the granulomatous component may obscure the tumor proper and lead to diagnostic difficulties/dilemmas. We report a case of suprasellar germinoma in a 17-year-old boy which showed granulomatous response. We discuss the differentials to be considered in such a scenario and discuss the utility of squash cytology and immunohistochemistry in these lesions...
January 2018: International Journal of Applied and Basic Medical Research
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