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International Journal of Applied and Basic Medical Research

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28584751/a-conjecture-as-to-the-physiological-origins-of-yawning
#1
Kenneth Martin Dolkart
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2017: International Journal of Applied and Basic Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28584750/rupture-of-noncommunicating-rudimentary-horn-of-uterus
#2
Sunil Kumar Juneja, Shweta Gupta, Pooja Tandon, Neha Gumber
Rudimentary horn pregnancy though an extremely rare condition can be associated with high morbidity. We report a case of ruptured noncommunicating rudimentary horn with unicornuate uterus.
April 2017: International Journal of Applied and Basic Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28584749/accessory-flexor-carpi-ulnaris-and-bilaterally-variant-vascular-anatomy-of-upper-limb-an-unusual-presentation
#3
Sulochana Sakthivel, Suman Verma
We report a rare combination of variations in the upper limb of a human cadaver. Accessory flexor carpi ulnaris with absent palmaris longus was observed in the left forearm during routine dissection of a male cadaver. Variant vascular pattern was observed bilaterally. Brachial artery bifurcated at a higher level. Ulnar artery gave rise to persistent median artery (PMA) which pierced the median nerve and accompanied it deep into flexor retinaculum to terminate as two common palmar digital arteries. Superficial palmar arch was not formed as the PMA did not anastomose with either the radial or ulnar artery...
April 2017: International Journal of Applied and Basic Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28584748/papilliferous-keratoameloblastoma-a-rare-case-report
#4
Ajit Singh Rathore, Saurabh Juneja, Neha Khurana, Devi Charan Shetty
Ameloblastoma is true odontogenic tumor of epithelial origin, which is described as locally aggressive with varying chances of recurrence. It is believed to derive from enamel organ, remnants of dental lamina, lining of odontogenic cysts, or basal cells of oral epithelium. Radiologically, it may present as unilocular or multilocular radiolucency commonly. Although conventional ameloblastoma presents typical histological features as described by Vickers and Gorlin, few unusual variants have been reported with different histological patterns...
April 2017: International Journal of Applied and Basic Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28584747/expression-of-human-papillomavirus-dna-and-p53-polymorphisms-through-polymerase-chain-reaction-in-normal-mucosa-and-oral-leukoplakia-individuals-with-deleterious-oral-habits
#5
Atmakuri Shanmukha Ramya, Sumit Majumdar, T Mahesh Babu, Divya Uppala, Baratam Srinivas, Ayyagari Kameswara Rao
CONTEXT: Oral leukoplakia (OL) is a well-recognized precancerous lesion with various etiological factors. Most commonly deleterious oral habits such as tobacco smoking and viral etiologies mainly human papillomavirus (HPV) play an important role. p53 polymorphisms mostly homozygous Arginine (Arg) allele has a greater risk of degradation by HPV. Hence, HPV infection and p53 polymorphisms may act as synergistic factors for increased the risk of malignant transformation in oral precancerous lesions...
April 2017: International Journal of Applied and Basic Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28584746/screening-of-patients-with-chronic-medical-disorders-in-the-outpatient-department-for-depression-using-handheld-computers-as-interface-and-patient-health-questionnaire-9-as-a-tool
#6
Vaibhav Kumar Ingle, Ijya Pandey, Akash Ranjan Singh, Abhijit Pakhare, Sanjeev Kumar
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Depression, especially in concurrence with chronic medical disorders, is highly prevalent worldwide. An average between 9.3% and 23% of patients with one or more chronic disease have co-morbid depression. This comorbid depression has the worst health scores of all the disease states. Despite this, patients with chronic medical disorders are not commonly screened for depression. Lack of objective screening by health-care providers as well as lack of infrastructure (time/space/personnel) probably contributes to gross underdiagnosis of depression...
April 2017: International Journal of Applied and Basic Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28584745/autologous-platelet-rich-plasma-versus-corticosteroid-in-the-management-of-elbow-epicondylitis-a-randomized-study
#7
Ankit Varshney, Rajesh Maheshwari, Anil Juyal, Atul Agrawal, Prabhnoor Hayer
INTRODUCTION: Elbow epicondylar tendinitis is a common problem for patients whose activities require strong gripping or repetitive wrist movements in the day-to-day activities of life. Histologic specimens from chronic cases confirm that tendinitis is not an acute inflammatory condition but rather a failure of the normal tendon repair mechanism associated with angiofibroblastic degeneration. Tendon regeneration may be improved by injecting autologous growth factors obtained from the patient's own blood...
April 2017: International Journal of Applied and Basic Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28584744/evaluation-of-serum-c-reactive-protein-levels-in-subjects-with-aggressive-and-chronic-periodontitis-in-comparison-with-healthy-controls-a-clinico-biochemical-study
#8
Vijayalakshmi Bolla, P Santha Kumari, Surendra Reddy Munnangi, D Sunil Kumar, Y Durgabai, Pradeep Koppolu
AIM: Evaluation and comparison of serum C-reactive protein (CRP) levels in subjects with chronic and aggressive periodontitis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Based on the periodontal status, 45 subjects were selected and divided into three groups. Group I - subjects with clinically healthy periodontium, Group II - generalized aggressive periodontitis (GAP), and Group III - chronic periodontitis (CP). Blood samples were collected from subjects for measurement of CRP. Periodontal parameters include plaque index (PI), gingival index, bleeding index (BI), probing pocket depth (PPD), and clinical attachment loss (CAL) were assessed...
April 2017: International Journal of Applied and Basic Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28584743/benign-and-malignant-thyroid-gland-diseases-in-the-patients-with-primary-hyperparathyroidism
#9
Mehmet Celik, Sibel Guldiken, Semra Ayturk, Buket Yilmaz Bulbul, Ebru Tastekin, Nuray Can, Atakan Sezer, Funda Ustun, Ahmet Kucukarda
INTRODUCTION: This study aimed to evaluate concurrently detected thyroid pathologies in the patients who underwent surgery for primary hyperparathyroidism (PHPT). MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this study, we retrospectively analyzed the files of the patients who underwent surgery for PHPT between 2012 and 2015. Pre- and post-operative laboratory examination results and preoperative radiological and nuclear medicine findings of the patients were retrospectively recorded...
April 2017: International Journal of Applied and Basic Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28584742/antepartum-hemorrhage-a-retrospective-analysis-from-a-northern-nigerian-teaching-hospital
#10
Idris Usman Takai, Badia Maje Sayyadi, Hadiza Shehu Galadanci
BACKGROUND: Antepartum hemorrhage (APH) contributes significantly to maternal and perinatal morbidity and mortality globally, particularly in the developing world like ours. Prevention, early detection, and prompt management cannot be overemphasized to significantly reduce the morbidity and mortality associated with this condition. OBJECTIVES: The study is aimed at determining the prevalence, etiology, sociodemographic characteristics, and the fetomaternal outcome of pregnancies complicated by APH in Aminu Kano Teaching Hospital, Kano...
April 2017: International Journal of Applied and Basic Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28584741/adverse-drug-events-in-patients-with-mental-disorder-in-an-ambulatory-setting
#11
Naveen Kumar, Sangeeta Sharma, Vinod Kapoor
BACKGROUND: Although adverse drug events (ADEs) among inpatients occur frequently and are widely studied, few data are available on ADEs among outpatients with mental disorders. AIMS: To determine the rates, types, and severity of ADEs in patients with mental disorder. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Cross-sectional survey of patients with mental disorder attending outpatient department. Data were collected over a period of 6 months. RESULTS: A total of 400 patients (217 schizophrenia patients, 127 bipolar affective disorder patients, and 56 patients of depression) with a mean age of 32...
April 2017: International Journal of Applied and Basic Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28584740/impact-of-preoperative-echocardiography-on-perioperative-management-in-geriatric-hip-trauma-a-retrospective-observational-study
#12
Chhavi Sawhney, Vivek Trikha, Sai Janani, Sukhminder Jit Singh Bajwa, Vijay Sharma, Menaal Khanna
BACKGROUND AND AIM: Hip fractures are associated with a significant risk of morbidity and mortality in the elderly population. Current guidelines propose that these patients should be operated as early as possible. Preoperative cardiac investigations, especially echocardiography, have been considered to delay surgery with few changes in the patient management. The present study has been conducted to evaluate whether preoperative echocardiography improve or worsen the prognosis in such hip trauma surgery...
April 2017: International Journal of Applied and Basic Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28584739/profile-of-lymphadenopathy-an-institutional-based-cytomorphological-study
#13
Aneeta Singh Malhotra, Mega Lahori, Arti Nigam, Arvind Khajuria
INTRODUCTION: Lymphadenopathy is one of the most common clinical presentations of patients attending the outdoor department of a hospital. Lymph node aspiration is of great value for the diagnosis of lymphadenitis, lymphomas, and metastatic carcinoma. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this study, we have reported the pattern of cytological diagnosis on fine-needle aspiration cytology (FNAC) of lymphadenopathy cases in Jammu region of Jammu and Kashmir state of India. The mean age of all the patients in this study was 21...
April 2017: International Journal of Applied and Basic Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28584738/performance-characteristics-of-kidney-injury-molecule-1-in-relation-to-creatinine-urea-and-microalbuminuria-in-the-diagnosis-of-kidney-disease
#14
Musalula Sinkala, Mildred Zulu, Trevor Kaile, Marah Simakando, Chisanga Chileshe, Doris Kafita, Panji Nkhoma
CONTEXT: The diagnosis and evaluation of impaired renal function remains a challenge owing to lack of reliable biomarker for assessment of kidney function. The existing panel of biomarkers currently displays several limitations, and recently kidney injury molecule-1 (KIM-1) has been suggested as a sensitive biomarker of renal function and proposed to enter clinical practice. AIMS: This study was conducted to determine the diagnostic value of serum creatinine, urea, and microalbuminuria (MAU) in relation to the novel biomarker, KIM-1...
April 2017: International Journal of Applied and Basic Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28584737/study-of-lipid-peroxidation-nitric-oxide-end-product-and-trace-element-status-in-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-with-and-without-complications
#15
Sanjukta Mishra, Bana Bihari Mishra
BACKGROUND: Oxidative stress has become a real entity in etiopathogenesis of Type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM). It may result from steady flux of free radicals and lipid peroxides in vivo. Malondialdehyde (MDA) is a stable end product of lipid peroxidation. Accumulative evidences suggest that hyperglycemia in Type 2 DM can produce major changes in nitric oxide (NO) production as well as in its action. Alteration in metabolism of trace elements is also observed in DM. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate oxidative stress, status of NO, and trace elements zinc (Zn) and magnesium (Mg) in type 2 DM and to correlate these parameters with disease process...
April 2017: International Journal of Applied and Basic Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28584736/maternal-near-miss-audit-lessons-to-be-learnt
#16
REVIEW
Meenakshi Kalhan, Srishti Singh, Anita Punia, Jai Prakash
Mother and child constitute a large, vulnerable, and a priority group as the risk is involved with childbearing in women and of growth and development in children. For every woman who dies from pregnancy or childbirth-related causes, it is estimated that twenty more suffer from pregnancy-related illness or experience other severe complications. These women who nearly escape death are categorized under "near miss" which has been defined as "a woman who nearly died but survived a complication that occurred during pregnancy, childbirth or within 42 days of termination of pregnancy...
April 2017: International Journal of Applied and Basic Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28584735/c-reactive-protein-a-prognostic-indicator
#17
EDITORIAL
Mandeep Kaur
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2017: International Journal of Applied and Basic Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28251114/a-rare-case-of-primary-urachal-actinomycosis-mimicking-malignancy
#18
T Ayeesha Sithika, Hemalatha Ganapathy, A R Subashree
Primary actinomycosis occurring in urachal remnants is rarely documented in literature and may mislead the clinicians to diagnose urachal carcinoma. A 50-year-old man came with complaints of lower abdominal pain, dysuria, and dribbling of urine for 2 months. A vague mass of 7 cm was palpable in the suprapubic region. Imaging of the abdomen revealed an irregular mass seen superior to fundus of the urinary bladder appearing adherent to mesentery and bowel loops, suggesting an urachal remnant associated lesion with infiltration...
January 2017: International Journal of Applied and Basic Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28251113/rh-isoimmunized-pregnancy-managed-noninvasively-a-report-of-two-cases
#19
Deepti Jain
Pregnancy with Rh isoimmunization is a grave situation. Two women with indirect Coombs test (ICT) positive were managed conservatively with a favorable outcome. Peak systolic velocity (PSV) of middle cerebral artery (MCA) was measured every 2 weeks, and pregnancy continued till the value remained <1.5 mean of median. In one woman, the pregnancy could be prolonged to 37 weeks when delivery was induced and the neonate did not develop hyperbilirubinemia. In the second woman with bad obstetric history, when a highly positive ICT was reported, intravenous immunoglobulin (IVIG) was given in a single dose of 5 g every 2 weeks starting at 27 weeks, for a total of three doses, along with measurement of PSV of MCA...
January 2017: International Journal of Applied and Basic Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28251112/in-vitro-anticancer-activity-of-ethanolic-extracts-of-piper-nigrum-against-colorectal-carcinoma-cell-lines
#20
Akila Prashant, Chandini Rangaswamy, Anshu Kumar Yadav, Varun Reddy, M N Sowmya, Subbarao Madhunapantula
BACKGROUND: Piper nigrum (PN) is well known for its cytotoxic and pharmacological benefits. However, there is minimal documented evidence about its cytotoxic efficacy against colorectal carcinoma. We therefore sought to procure a precisely quantitative and qualitative result, pertaining the efficacy of an ethanolic extract of PN (EEPN) against colorectal carcinoma. MATERIALS AND METHODS: EEPN was prepared by subjecting dried PN seeds to gradient ethanol fractionation...
January 2017: International Journal of Applied and Basic Medical Research
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