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Clinical, Cosmetic and Investigational Dentistry

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30013401/knowledge-on-management-of-traumatic-dental-injuries-among-saudi-mothers
#1
Fares S Al-Sehaibany, Reem Alajlan, Danah Almubarak, Nassr Almaflehi, Aljazi Aljabaa, Sahar F AlBarakati
Objective: This study investigated the knowledge of Saudi mothers regarding the management of traumatic dental injuries (TDIs) in children. Materials and methods: A cross-sectional study using structured questionnaires was employed for mothers chosen by stratified-cluster random sampling technique from primary health care centers in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia, over a period of 12 months (July 2016-June 2017). The questionnaire surveyed mothers' background and knowledge on management of tooth fracture and avulsion using photographs of TDI cases...
2018: Clinical, Cosmetic and Investigational Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29988726/knowledge-and-attitude-toward-anaphylaxis-during-local-anesthesia-among-dental-practitioners-in-chennai-a-cross-sectional-study
#2
Madhuram Krishnamurthy, Naveen Kumar Venugopal, Ashok Leburu, Selvendran Kasiswamy Elangovan, Praveen Nehrudhas
Objective: Anaphylaxis is one of the local anesthetic dental emergencies that lead to morbidity and mortality. Hence, this study aimed to assess the knowledge and attitude of dental practitioners in Chennai toward managing anaphylaxis in patients who are given local anesthesia. Participants and methods: Seventeen questions were formulated regarding anaphylaxis reactions and its treatment. The questions were given to a random selection of dentists practicing in private clinics in Chennai...
2018: Clinical, Cosmetic and Investigational Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29950903/developing-class-iii-malocclusions-challenges-and-solutions
#3
REVIEW
Edlira Zere, Prabhat Kumar Chaudhari, Jitendra Sharan, Kunaal Dhingra, Nitesh Tiwari
Class III malocclusion represents a growth-related dentofacial deformity with mandibular prognathism in relation to the maxilla and/or cranial base. Its prevalence varies greatly among and within different races, ethnic groups, and geographic regions studied. Class III malocclusion has a multifactorial etiology, which is the expression of a moderate distortion of normal development as a result of interaction between innate factors or genetic hereditary with environmental factors. Various skeletal topographies of underlying Class III malocclusion are due to discrepancy in the maxillary and mandibular growth along with vertical and/or transverse problems apart from sagittal malformations...
2018: Clinical, Cosmetic and Investigational Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29922094/computed-tomography-evaluation-of-root-canal-transportation-using-protaper-race-and-sendoline-rotary-systems-an-ex-vivo-study
#4
Eshaghali Saberi, Bita Aramesh
Background: This ex vivo study aimed to compare transportation of the mesiobuccal root canal of mandibular first molars instrumented with ProTaper, Race and Sendoline rotary systems using cone beam computed tomography (CBCT). Materials and methods: Forty-five mesiobuccal canals of mandibular first molars were randomly divided into three groups of 15. Root canals in each group were instrumented with the ProTaper, Race or Sendoline rotary system according to the manufacturers' instructions...
2018: Clinical, Cosmetic and Investigational Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29881311/assessment-of-microleakage-of-class-v-restored-by-resin-composite-and-resin-modified-glass-ionomer-and-pit-and-fissure-resin-based-sealants-following-er-yag-laser-conditioning-and-acid-etching-in-vitro-study
#5
Emilie Luong, Amir Shayegan
Aim: The aim of this study was to make a comparison between microleakage of conventionally restored class V cavities using acid etchant and the ones conditioned by erbium-doped yttrium aluminum garnet (Er:YAG) laser, and also to assess and compare the effectiveness of enamel surface treatments of occlusal pits and fissures by acid etching and conditioned by Er:YAG laser-etch. Materials and methods: Seventy-two extracted third molars were used in this study. The samples were divided into two major groups: class V cavities and pit and fissure sealants...
2018: Clinical, Cosmetic and Investigational Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29861643/an-in-vivo-comparison-of-accuracy-of-two-electronic-apex-locators-in-determining-working-length-using-stainless-steel-and-nickel-titanium-files
#6
Sanjeeb Chaudhary, Archana Gharti, Bhawana Adhikari
Purpose: A key factor affecting the success of endodontic treatment is correct determination of root canal working length (WL). The purpose of this in vivo study was to compare the accuracy of Propex II and iPex II electronic apex locator (EAL) in determining the WL under clinical conditions, to that of radiographic working length (RWL) using stainless steel (SS) and nickel-titanium (NiTi) hand files. Patients and methods: Thirty-seven patients, with 60 anterior teeth (60 canals) scheduled for endodontic treatment participated in this study after ethical approval...
2018: Clinical, Cosmetic and Investigational Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29719422/antimicrobial-action-of-chlorhexidine-digluconate-in-self-ligating-and-conventional-metal-brackets-infected-with-streptococcus-mutans-biofilm
#7
Ana Paula Dias, Marco Aurélio Benini Paschoal, Rafael Soares Diniz, Lucas Meneses Lage, Letícia Machado Gonçalves
Objectives: The objectives of this study were to assess the adherence of Streptococcus mutans biofilms grown over conventional ligature (CL) or self-ligating (SL) metal brackets and their bacterial viability after 0.12% chlorhexidine (CHX) digluconate treatment. Materials and methods: The sample consisted of 48 metallic orthodontic brackets divided randomly into two groups: CL (n=24) and SL brackets (n=24). S. mutans biofilms were grown over the bracket surface (96 h) and treated with CHX (positive control) or 0...
2018: Clinical, Cosmetic and Investigational Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29692633/shear-bond-strength-of-a-bracket-bonding-system-cured-with-a-light-emitting-diode-or-halogen-based-light-curing-unit-at-various-polymerization-times
#8
Sanjay Prasad Gupta, Basanta Kumar Shrestha
Purpose: To determine and compare the shear bond strength (SBS) of bracket-bonding system cured with light-emitting diode (LED) and halogen-based light-curing unit at various polymerization times. Materials and methods: Ninety six human maxillary premolar teeth extracted for orthodontic purpose were divided into four groups, according to the light-curing unit and exposure times used. In the halogen group, the specimens were light cured for 20 and 40 seconds. In the LED group, the specimens were light cured for 5 and 10 seconds...
2018: Clinical, Cosmetic and Investigational Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29628778/effect-of-different-semimonolithic-designs-on-fracture-resistance-and-fracture-mode-of-translucent-and-high-translucent-zirconia-crowns
#9
Fahad Bakitian, Przemek Seweryniak, Evaggelia Papia, Christel Larsson, Per Vult von Steyern
Purpose: The aim of this study was to describe different designs of semimonolithic crowns made of translucent and high-translucent zirconia materials and to evaluate the effect on fracture resistance and fracture mode. Methods: One hundred crowns with different designs were produced and divided into five groups (n=20): monolithic (M), partially veneered monolithic (semimonolithic) with 0.3 mm buccal veneer (SM0.3), semimonolithic with 0.5 mm buccal veneer (SM0.5), semimonolithic with 0...
2018: Clinical, Cosmetic and Investigational Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29628777/a-study-on-the-efficacy-and-safety-of-combining-dental-surgery-with-tonsillectomy-in-pediatrics
#10
Faizaan Syed, Joshua C Uffman, Dmitry Tumin, Catherine M Flaitz, Joseph D Tobias, Vidya T Raman
Purpose: Few data exist on combining pediatric surgical procedures under a single general anesthetic encounter (general anesthesia). We compared perioperative outcomes of combining dental surgical procedures with tonsillectomy during one anesthetic vs separate encounters. Methods: We classified elective tonsillectomy ± adenoidectomy and restorative dentistry as combined (group C) or separate (group S). Outcomes included anesthesia time, recovery duration, the need for overnight hospital stay, and postoperative complications...
2018: Clinical, Cosmetic and Investigational Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29535557/mineral-trioxide-aggregate-pulpotomy-patient-selection-and-perspectives
#11
REVIEW
Prasad K Musale, Sneha S Kothare, Abhishek S Soni
This narrative aims at reviewing the available literature for mineral trioxide aggregate (MTA) pulpotomy to understand the procedure better and eventually improve the clinical and radiographic outcomes. An electronic search was conducted in PubMed, Cochrane, ScienceDirect and ClinicalKey databases with the following keywords: MTA pulpotomy, clinical outcomes, radiographic outcomes, primary teeth. No specific inclusion or exclusion criteria were applied as to what articles would be included in this review. The time period for the search began from 2001 with respect to MTA pulpotomy...
2018: Clinical, Cosmetic and Investigational Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29520162/influence-of-implant-location-on-the-clinical-outcomes-of-implant-abutments-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#12
REVIEW
Amr G ElHoussiney, He Zhang, Jinlin Song, Ping Ji, Lu Wang, Sheng Yang
Purpose: To compare the failure events and incidence of complications of different abutment materials in anterior and posterior regions. Failure was defined as complete loss of the abutment requiring replacement by a new abutment. Materials and methods: Electronic searches using PubMed/Medline and Google Scholar complemented with manual searches were performed with specific search terms. Searches were restricted to publications in English between January 2006 and March 2016...
2018: Clinical, Cosmetic and Investigational Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29497334/marginal-accuracy-of-computer-aided-design-and-computer-aided-manufacturing-fabricated-full-arch-zirconia-restoration
#13
Niwut Juntavee, Issarawas Sirisathit
Objective: This study evaluated marginal accuracy of full-arch zirconia restoration fabricated from two digital computer-aided design and computer-aided manufacturing (CAD-CAM) systems (Trios-3 and CS3500) in comparison to conventional cast metal restoration. Materials and methods: A stainless steel model comprising two canine and two molar abutments was used as a master model for full-arch reconstruction. The canine and molar abutments were machined in a cylindrical shape with 5° taper and chamfer margin...
2018: Clinical, Cosmetic and Investigational Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29491722/the-dome-technique-a-new-surgical-technique-to-enhance-soft-tissue-margins-and-emergence-profiles-around-implants-placed-in-the-esthetic-zone
#14
Tassos Irinakis, Salwa Aldahlawi
Achieving symmetry of the soft-tissue margins between anterior maxillary dental-implant restorations and adjacent teeth is a therapeutic challenge for both the implant surgeon and the restorative dentist. This article describes a modified procedure utilizing autogenous connective-tissue grafts to improve primarily buccal soft-tissue margins and secondarily inter-proximal tissues around tooth-bound single dental implants. This technique has the advantage of allowing for coronal augmentation of the peri-implant soft tissue while maximizing the blood supply to the area by using tunneling-technique principles...
2018: Clinical, Cosmetic and Investigational Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29184447/aseptic-avascular-osteonecrosis-local-silent-inflammation-in-the-jawbone-and-rantes-ccl5-overexpression
#15
Johann Lechner, Sabine Schuett, Volker von Baehr
Of the definitions listed in the International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems, tenth revision (ICD-10), two disease descriptions can be found together: "idiopathic aseptic bone necrosis" and "avascular bone necrosis." The relevant literature on both the conditions abbreviates both as "aseptic ischemic osteonecrosis in the jawbone" (AIOJ). To shed light on the clinical details of this condition, osteolytic jawbone samples of 24 patients with different systemic immunological diseases were examined using four steps: presurgical dental X-ray, postsurgical histology, polymerase chain reaction DNA analysis (PCR DNA) of bacteria, and RANTES/CCL5 (R/C) expression...
2017: Clinical, Cosmetic and Investigational Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29180904/quality-of-oral-surgery-referrals-and-how-to-improve-them
#16
Mikael Björkeborn, Henrik Nilsson, Jonas Anderud
Aim: To assess the quality of routine oral surgery referrals received at Halmstad Hospital and Växjö Hospital and to emphasize areas for improvement. Method: A retrospective study was performed on all routine oral surgery referrals received between 2014 and 2015 at both Halmstad Hospital and Växjö Hospital. A total of 1,891 referral letters were assessed for their quality against a predetermined checklist of basic requirements of a satisfactory referral. The referrals were also categorized according to if it was sent by a male, female, private dental service, or the Swedish Public Dental Health service...
2017: Clinical, Cosmetic and Investigational Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29138601/zinc-phosphate-as-a-definitive-cement-for-implant-supported-crowns-and-fixed-dentures
#17
Dennis Flanagan
Implant-supported dental prostheses can be retained by a screw or cement. Implant-supported fixed partial dentures have a passive fit. A passive fit means there is an internal gap between the abutment surface and the intaglio of the retainer to insure that there is no lateral pressure on the supporting implants or friction upon seating of the prosthesis. This gap is filled with cement for retention of the prosthesis. Any lateral pressure may cause marginal bone loss or periimplantitis. Also, there is usually a microscopic gap at the margin of a crown retainer that exposes the cement to oral fluids...
2017: Clinical, Cosmetic and Investigational Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29081672/prevalence-and-factors-associated-with-dental-erosion-in-individuals-aged-12-30-years-in-a-northeastern-brazilian-city
#18
Luanda Cristina O Luciano, Meire Coelho Ferreira, Marco Aurelio Paschoal
BACKGROUND/PURPOSE: Dental erosion in young individuals has increased significantly in recent years, due to changes in lifestyle. Thus, the present study investigated the prevalence and factors associated with dental erosion in individuals aged 12-30 years in the city of Imperatriz of Maranhão, Brazil. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted on 335 individuals who answered a questionnaire consisting of variables related to dental erosion. Afterwards, the individuals were subjected to clinical examinations and the basic erosive wear examination index was used to classify their teeth according to the presence and severity of dental erosion...
2017: Clinical, Cosmetic and Investigational Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28814900/acidic-oral-moisturizers-with-ph-below-6-7-may-be-harmful-to-teeth-depending-on-formulation-a-short-report
#19
Alex J Delgado, Vilhelm G Olafsson
Xerostomia affects 30% of the population and manifests as a side effect of medications, systemic diseases, or cancer therapy. Oral moisturizers are prescribed to overcome the ailments of dry mouth and its symptoms. It is imperative that these products help to restore hyposalivation and that they do not present any secondary effect that can harm oral health. It has been shown in the literature that some oral moisturizers may have an erosive potential due to their acidic pH, which is below the critical pH of dentin and enamel...
2017: Clinical, Cosmetic and Investigational Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28761379/effects-of-nonsurgical-periodontal-therapy-in-patients-with-moderately-controlled-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-and-chronic-periodontitis-in-nepalese-population
#20
Khushboo Goel, Shaili Pradhan, Madhur Dev Bhattarai
OBJECTIVES: Despite several investigations, evidence is still controversial regarding the effect of periodontal treatment on diabetes. This study evaluates and compares the effect on glycemic control and periodontal status with or without nonsurgical periodontal therapy in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus and chronic periodontitis in a Nepalese population. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 82 patients attending the diabetes clinic and fulfilling enrollment criteria with moderate to severe periodontitis were selected...
2017: Clinical, Cosmetic and Investigational Dentistry
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