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International Medical Case Reports Journal

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27932898/two-cases-of-vogt-koyanagi-harada-s-disease-in-sub-saharan-africa
#1
Tunji S Oluleye, Adekunle O Rotimi-Samuel, Adetunji Adenekan, Olubanke T Ilo, Folashade B Akinsola, Adeola O Onakoya, Olufisayo T Aribaba, Adebukunola Adefule-Ositelu, Kareem O Musa, Yele Oyefeso
Vogt-Koyanagi-Harada's (VKH) disease has been reported to be rare in sub-Saharan Africa. Two Nigerians with the disease are presented in this report. The first patient, a 32-year-old pregnant Nigerian woman presented with a 1-month history of bilateral blurring of vision, persistent headache, and alopecia. Presenting visual acuity was 1 m counting fingers in both eyes. Examination revealed vitiligo and poliosis with bilateral panuveitis as well as bilateral exudative retinal detachment. A clinical assessment of complete VKH disease was made...
2016: International Medical Case Reports Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27895515/excellent-response-of-infantile-orbital-hemangioma-to-propranolol
#2
Fandresena A Sendrasoa, Irina M Ranaivo, Naina H Razanakoto, Malalaniaina Andrianarison, Lala S Ramarozatovo, F Rapelanoro Rabenja
Infantile hemangiomas are the most common vascular neoplasm that present in infancy, with more than half affecting the head and neck region. Periocularly, hemangiomas may be complicated by visual loss through induction of strabismal, deprivational, or anisometropic astigmatism. We report a case of a 5-year-old girl who presented with orbital hemangioma with potential risk of visual loss who had excellent response to propranolol.
2016: International Medical Case Reports Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27853394/long-term-impact-after-fulminant-guillain-barr%C3%A3-syndrome-case-report-and-literature-review
#3
Alain Rougé, Jérémie Lemarié, Sébastien Gibot, Pierre Edouard Bollaert
A 47-year-old man was admitted to the intensive care unit a few hours after presenting to emergency department with acute diplopia and dysphonia. Swallowing disorders and respiratory muscular weakness quickly required invasive ventilation. On day 3, the patient was in a "brain-death"-like state with deep coma and absent brainstem reflexes. Electroencephalogram ruled out brain death diagnosis as a paradoxical sleep trace was recorded. Cerebrospinal fluid analysis, electrophysiologic studies, and a recent history of diarrhea led to the diagnosis of Campylobacter jejuni-related fulminant Guillain-Barré syndrome (GBS) mimicking brain death...
2016: International Medical Case Reports Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27853393/acute-abdomen-as-a-consequence-of-an-unusual-suicide-attempt-intra-abdominal-injection-of-sulfuric-acid
#4
Anna Lepore, Davide D'Antini, Pasquale Raimondo, Lucia Mirabella, Leonardo Pennisi, Giuseppe Carrillo, Antonella Cotoia, Michele Dambrosio, Gilda Cinnella
Caustic ingestion is a common cause of life-threatening upper gastrointestinal tract injuries. It mostly happens in children as accidental exposure, but may occur in adults as a result of suicide attempt. We present a case of an acute abdomen that occurred after a peculiar way of self-administration of sulfuric acid as a suicide attempt in an adult psychiatric male patient, already known for self-harm with caustic agents in the previous years. In a few hours, the patient developed diffuse peritonitis, pneumoperitoneum, and a rapid hemodynamic deterioration, as a consequence of ileum and sigmoid necrosis, requiring an emergency surgery with the application of a damage control strategy...
2016: International Medical Case Reports Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27843357/proximal-femoral-fracture-surgery-in-a-patient-with-osteopetrosis-tarda-complications-and-treatment-strategy
#5
Fırat Seyfettinoglu, Ümit Tuhanioğlu, Hasan Ulas Ogur, Hakan Cicek
Osteopetrosis is a rare, inherited disease characterized by defects in osteoclastic function that results in defective bone resorption. When fractures are encountered, fixation is extremely difficult. Osteopetrosis patients have an increased predisposition to infection. If infection develops after a fracture, treatment is more difficult. In this paper, treatment is presented of a 49-year old female to whom proximal femoral nailing was applied for fixation of an osteopetrotic proximal femur fracture; and when it was unsuccessful, revision was made with a locked anatomic plate, which subsequently led to development of infection...
2016: International Medical Case Reports Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27843356/virtual-surgical-planning-and-3d-printing-in-prosthetic-orbital-reconstruction-with-percutaneous-implants-a-technical-case-report
#6
Yu-Hui Huang, Rosemary Seelaus, Linping Zhao, Pravin K Patel, Mimis Cohen
Osseointegrated titanium implants to the cranial skeleton for retention of facial prostheses have proven to be a reliable replacement for adhesive systems. However, improper placement of the implants can jeopardize prosthetic outcomes, and long-term success of an implant-retained prosthesis. Three-dimensional (3D) computer imaging, virtual planning, and 3D printing have become accepted components of the preoperative planning and design phase of treatment. Computer-aided design and computer-assisted manufacture that employ cone-beam computed tomography data offer benefits to patient treatment by contributing to greater predictability and improved treatment efficiencies with more reliable outcomes in surgical and prosthetic reconstruction...
2016: International Medical Case Reports Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27843355/retropupilar-positioning-of-foldable-iris-claw-intraocular-lens-for-correction-of-aphakia-with-no-capsular-support
#7
Mun Yueh Faria, Nuno Pinto Ferreira, Ivo Gama, Joana Medeiros Pinto, Mario Canastro, Manuel Monteiro Grillo
SUMMARY: Iris-claw intraocular lens (ICIOL) for aphakia needs a large 5.4 mm corneal incision for its implantation. The technique needs corneal suture, associated with some postoperative astigmatism. Foldable ICIOL is used in phakic patients undergoing refractive surgery and has the advantage of a sutureless small corneal incision. We report a case of a high myopic patient with dislocated intraocular lens (IOL) and no capsular support. Dislocated IOL with its capsular bag was released with three-port, 23-gauge vitrectomy; placed in the anterior chamber; sliced; and extruded through a 3...
2016: International Medical Case Reports Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27799830/exceptionally-elevated-triglyceride-in-severe-lipemia-retinalis
#8
Han Y Yin, Roberto Warman, Edward H Suh, Anny Ms Cheng
PURPOSE: To report a case of successful treatment for severe lipemia retinalis with extreme severe hypertriglyceridemia (sHTG). DESIGN: Observational case report. OBSERVATIONS: A 6-week-old infant with severe lipemia retinalis manifested diffuse creamy retinal vessels complicated with vulvar xanthomas. Extreme sHTG with 185-folds of the normal level was reported. Chromosome microarray and lipid gene sequencing confirmed a homozygous lipoprotein lipase gene coding mutation...
2016: International Medical Case Reports Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27799829/bleb-incarceration-following-ahmed-valve-surgery
#9
Fredric J Gross, Giovanni DiSandro
Globe luxation is a painful and potentially vision-threatening condition in which the globe becomes trapped behind the eyelids requiring physician intervention in the emergency department or eye clinic. On presentation, the patient typically complains of an inability to close their eye, severe foreign body sensation, decreased vision, and significant eye pain. Although most visual symptoms are reversible and primarily result from exposure keratopathy, optic nerve damage, and permanent vision loss can occur from repeat or prolonged episodes of globe luxation...
2016: International Medical Case Reports Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27799828/serum-total-igg-and-igg4-levels-in-thyroid-eye-disease
#10
Aileen Sy, Rona Z Silkiss
PURPOSE: To investigate the relationship between immunoglobulin G (IgG)4-related disease (IgG4-RD) and thyroid eye disease (TED) with respect to IgG levels. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A retrospective review of total IgG, IgG subclass, and thyroid stimulating immunoglobulin (TSI) levels in 24 patients with TED. RESULTS: Five patients (20.8%) demonstrated serum IgG4 levels consistent with IgG4-RD without any additional systemic disease. Total IgG and IgG subclass levels were found to be an inadequate proxy for TSI elevation...
2016: International Medical Case Reports Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27799827/case-report-of-atypical-still-s-disease-a-diagnosis-of-exclusion
#11
Sandeep Yerra, Letlhogonolo Tlhabano, Tejaswini Vasamsetty
INTRODUCTION: We present an unusual presentation of a 39-year-old man with myalgias and shortness of breath. CHIEF COMPLAINTS: The patient presented to the emergency department with complaints of myalgias, shortness of breath and palpitations. During this hospitalization, he had multiple episodes of tachycardia and desaturation. The patient had elevated troponins and creatinine kinase. Differential diagnosis included pericarditis, pneumonia and malignancy. INVESTIGATIONS: The patient had elevated ferritin and erythrocyte sedimentation rate...
2016: International Medical Case Reports Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27789975/peters-plus-anomaly-in-a-cameroonian-child-a-case-report
#12
Giles Kagmeni, Yannick Bilong, Cedric Mbogos, Lucienne Bella Assumpta
BACKGROUND: Peters' anomaly (PA) is a rare form of anterior segment dysgenesis characterized by corneal opacity with varied degree of anterior chamber affection with associated defects in the posterior layers of the cornea. CASE PRESENTATION: We report the case of a 3-month-old male infant with bilateral corneal opacity since birth who was transferred from the pediatric unit for further ophthalmic care. He was diagnosed with PA with subsequent systemic-associated malformations including craniofacial defects and skeletal defects...
2016: International Medical Case Reports Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27785110/successful-closure-of-treatment-na%C3%A3-ve-flat-edge-type-ii-full-thickness-macular-hole-using-inverted-internal-limiting-membrane-flap-technique
#13
Nazimul Hussain, Anjli Hussain
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to present the outcome of the internal limiting membrane (ILM) peeling flap technique for a treatment-naïve, flat edge (Type II), full-thickness macular hole (MH). METHODS: A 52-year-old man presented with complaints of decreased vision and seeing black spot. He was diagnosed to have a flat edge, full-thickness MH, which was confirmed by optical coherence tomography (OCT). He underwent 23G vitrectomy with brilliant blue G-assisted inverted ILM peeling with an inverted flap over the hole followed by fluid gas exchange...
2016: International Medical Case Reports Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27785109/leiomyomatosis-peritonealis-disseminata-in-postmenopausal-women-a-case-report-with-review-of-literature
#14
Hailu Wondimu Gebresellassie
BACKGROUND: Leiomyomatosis peritonealis disseminata is an exceedingly rare benign disorder characterized by multiple vascular leiomyomas growing along the submesothelial tissues of the abdominopelvic peritoneum. It is commonly described in women of reproductive age and is rarely seen in men and postmenopausal women. CASE DETAILS: A 65-year-old female patient with a history of abdominal surgery for gastrointestinal stromal tumor presented with abdominal pain, weakness, weight loss, and vomiting...
2016: International Medical Case Reports Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27757053/posterior-capsule-rupture-with-herniation-of-lens-fragment-following-blunt-ocular-trauma
#15
Neeru Choudhary, Sameer R Verma, Shubhda Sagar, Eram Fatima
Posterior capsule rupture with herniated lens fragment in the vitreous cavity on magnetic resonance imaging has not been reported in India until now; however, it has been reported in other countries. Therefore, this study reports the case of a 15-year-old boy presenting with posttraumatic loss of vision in the right eye due to posterior capsular rupture and herniation of lens material into the vitreous cavity, which was detected by B-scan ultrasonography and magnetic resonance imaging as no ophthalmic examination was possible due to the posttraumatic cataract...
2016: International Medical Case Reports Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27729816/anti-tnf-therapy-in-the-management-of-ocular-attacks-in-an-elderly-patient-with-long-standing-beh%C3%A3-et-s-disease
#16
Hisako Karube, Koju Kamoi, Kyoko Ohno-Matsui
BACKGROUND: Ocular symptoms in Behçet's disease (BD) begin mostly before 30 years of age according to international surveys, and BD activity may decrease with age. Information regarding the treatment of ocular symptoms in elderly BD patients is thus scant. Anti-TNFα antibody has recently demonstrated strong effects against recurrent uveitis in BD, but the efficacy and safety of anti-TNFα therapy in elderly patients remain unclear. We report herein the case of an elderly patient with long-standing uveitis due to BD who was successfully treated with two types of anti-TNF therapy...
2016: International Medical Case Reports Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27698568/atypical-scleromyxedema-presenting-with-cutaneous-and-cardiovascular-manifestations
#17
Sue-Ann Teh, David A Kandiah
Scleromyxedema is part of a group of cutaneous mucinoses, characterized by a generalized papular eruption, dermal mucin deposition, and an increase in dermal collagen. This condition can be localized as discrete papular lichen myxedematous skin or as a systemic condition usually associated with paraproteinaemia. To date, there is no unifying treatment and is limited by rarity, small number of case reports, and the lack of randomized controlled trials. We describe the case of a 56-year-old gentleman with features of scleromyxedema who had cutaneous and cardiac involvement, and significant mediastinal lymphadenopathy without monoclonal gammopathy...
2016: International Medical Case Reports Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27695368/progressive-loss-of-vision-caused-by-asymptomatic-pituitary-macroadenoma-role-of-oct
#18
Víctor Manuel Asensio-Sánchez, Javier Foncubierta
INTRODUCTION: Most pituitary adenomas are clinically inactive. In patients with long-standing compression of the optic chiasm, ganglion cells may undergo axonal degeneration. Spectral domain optical coherence tomography (SD-OCT) is able to identify retinal nerve fiber layer (RNFL) and ganglion cell loss in the retina. We present a case in which SD-OCT was used to diagnose an asymptomatic pituitary macroadenoma. CLINICAL CASE: A 48-year-old female presented with progressive vision loss in both eyes...
2016: International Medical Case Reports Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27695367/simultaneous-occlusion-of-three-cilioretinal-arteries-following-scleral-buckling-surgery-under-local-anesthesia
#19
Pietro Emanuele Napoli, Alberto Cuccu, Roberta Farci, Maurizio Fossarello
BACKGROUND: Cilioretinal artery (CRA) occlusions are rare in young patients. In these cases, the most commonly associated causes are considered to be the same as those implicated in central retina artery occlusions, such as vasculitic processes, migraine, cardiac disorder, and coagulation abnormality. The aim of this article was to report for the first time the medical records and investigational results of an unusual case of simultaneous occlusion of three CRAs after scleral buckling surgery under local anesthesia...
2016: International Medical Case Reports Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27672343/three-cases-of-ocular-syphilis-and-the-resurgence-of-the-disease-in-queensland
#20
Sergio A Sara, Andrew S McAllister
The past few years has seen a resurgence of syphilis. It is predominantly associated within men who have sex with men and also within heterosexual Indigenous Australians. Possessing the ability to mimic a variety of ocular diseases, it typically manifests as uveitis, although it can affect any structure within the eye. Thus, a high degree of clinical suspicion by ophthalmologists is required to prevent disease progression and ocular morbidity. Patients require prolonged antibiotic treatment with intravenous benzylpenicillin and outpatient monitoring to successfully resolve the infection...
2016: International Medical Case Reports Journal
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