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International Medical Case Reports Journal

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28794659/erratum-traumatic-corneal-flap-displacement-after-laser-in-situ-keratomileusis-lasik-erratum
#1
(no author information available yet)
[This corrects the article on p. 143 in vol. 10, PMID: 28458585.].
2017: International Medical Case Reports Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28769595/cavernous-hemangioma-of-the-orbit-an-unusual-acute-presentation
#2
Sophia Louisraj, Thendral Ponnudurai, Dominic Rodriguez, Philip A Thomas, Christadoss Arul Nelson Jesudasan
We report an unusual presentation of an orbital cavernous hemangioma in a 26-year-old female, who noted sudden redness and swelling of the left eye (LE) on waking up. At presentation, upper eyelid edema with periorbital ecchymosis and subconjunctival hemorrhage were noted in the LE. Although there was transient symptomatic relief with topical medications, blurring of vision developed in the LE. When seen 10 days later, the patient's LE showed axial proptosis. Magnetic resonance imaging revealed an intraconal soft tissue mass in the superomedial quadrant of the left orbit...
2017: International Medical Case Reports Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28769594/disseminated-coccidioidomycosis-with-molluscum-like-lesions-diffuse-lymphadenopathy-and-splenomegaly-in-an-immunocompetent-patient
#3
Ernest Fonocho, Richard Murray, Nail Aydin
Coccidioidomycosis is caused by a dimorphic fungus species endemic to the arid and semi-arid regions of the Americas. The species have a terranean habitat producing a primary pulmonary infection by inhalation of arthroconidia. We describe a case of extrapulmonary coccidioidomycosis presenting with extensive lymphadenopathy, splenomegaly, and florid cutaneous lesions. This case is intended to heighten clinical suspicion in patients with risk factors.
2017: International Medical Case Reports Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28769593/resolution-of-pinguecula-related-dry-eye-disease-after-argon-laser-photocoagulation
#4
Pietro Emanuele Napoli, Raffaele Sanna, Claudio Iovino, Maurizio Fossarello
PURPOSE: To describe an unusual case of unilateral, chronic symptoms and signs of dry eye, and recurrent episodes of ocular irritation related to pinguecula, which were refractory to prior medical treatments, successfully treated with argon laser photocoagulation. METHODS: A 36-year-old man presented with an elevated yellowish mass on his conjunctiva in his left eye, which was associated with dry eye symptoms and general discomfort, such as "tightening sensation" and "stiffness"...
2017: International Medical Case Reports Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28769592/drug-induced-dyspnea-versus-cystic-fibrosis-exacerbation-a-diagnostic-dilemma
#5
Saqib Walayat, Nooreen Hussain, Jaymon Patel, Faiz Hussain, Preeti Patel, Sonu Dhillon, Bhagat Aulakh, Subramanyam Chittivelu
Cystic fibrosis (CF) is a disease caused by a mutation in the cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator protein in the epithelial membrane, and affects at least 30,000 people in the USA. There are between 900 and 1000 new cases diagnosed every year. Traditionally, CF has been treated symptomatically with pancreatic enzymes, bronchodilators, hypertonic saline, and pulmozyme. In July 2015, the US Food and Drug Administration approved Orkambi (lumacaftor/ivacaftor), a combination drug that works on reversing the effects of the defective cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator protein...
2017: International Medical Case Reports Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28769591/an-unusual-case-of-spontaneous-mycobacterium-chelonae-corneal-ulcer-in-a-healthy-middle-aged-adult-retraction
#6
(no author information available yet)
[This retracts the article on p. 121 in vol. 9, PMID: 27274315.].
2017: International Medical Case Reports Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28761380/corneal-deposits-associated-with-topical-tosufloxacin-following-penetrating-keratoplasty-a-case-report
#7
Haruki Katahira, Shigeto Kumakura, Takaaki Hattori, Hiroshi Goto
PURPOSE: To report the adverse event of topical tosufloxacin administered after penetrating keratoplasty in one patient. CASE REPORT: A 60-year-old female was referred to our hospital for treatment of vision loss due to corneal opacification, etiology was unknown. Slit lamp examination showed dense opacification in corneal stroma. Penetrating keratoplasty was performed on her left eye. She was treated with topical applications of 1.5% levofloxacin, 0.5% cefmenoxime, 0...
2017: International Medical Case Reports Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28744165/asymptomatic-multinodular-splenoma-splenic-hamartoma-in-a-child-with-sickle-cell-anemia
#8
Narcisse Elenga, Sylvain Labbé, Nicolas Leduc, Anicet Sika, Emma Cuadro, Laurence Long, Falucar Njuieyon, Rémi Kom-Tchameni, Thierry Basset
Splenoma is a rare and benign malformation usually fortuitously diagnosed during imaging, surgery or, unfortunately, at autopsy. Although splenoma was first described in 1861, its association with hematological pathology is a very unusual condition in children. We report the case of an asymptomatic splenoma in an 8-year-old boy with sickle cell anemia, whose diagnosis was confirmed after conventional splenectomy.
2017: International Medical Case Reports Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28744164/phenytoin-induced-stevens-johnson-syndrome-with-myocarditis-a-rare-case-report
#9
Ashwin Kodliwadmath
Stevens-Johnson syndrome (SJS) is an acute life-threatening mucocutaneous reaction caused by excessive necrosis and detachment of the epidermis. It is commonly drug induced and phenytoin is a common precipitant. Phenytoin, an antiepileptic drug, is also known to cause myocarditis. Phenytoin causing both myocarditis and SJS in the same patient is very rare and can lead to increased morbidity and mortality. Here, we describe the case of a 43-year-old male who developed SJS and myocarditis secondary to phenytoin...
2017: International Medical Case Reports Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28740436/the-effect-of-apatinib-in-the-treatment-of-metastatic-renal-cell-carcinoma-a-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#10
Jinling Bi, Haiyuan Liu, Yong Huang
The aim of this study was to explore the effect of apatinib in the treatment of metastatic renal cell carcinoma (mRCC) and related adverse events. A case of mRCC was reported which recurred after surgery and roferon treatment. The patient was treated with apatinib at a dose of 500 mg orally, twice daily, 28 days/cycle. The metastatic lesions improved based on computed tomography after apatinib administration in the fourth and eighth month. The progression-free survival of the patient had increased almost to 8 months...
2017: International Medical Case Reports Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28721104/case-report-of-a-computerized-tomography-sign-in-strongyloides-stercoralis-infection
#11
Sandeep Yerra, Pradeep Yarra
This is a case of strongyloidiasis showing colon enhancement on a computerized tomography (CT) scan. The patient presented with chief complaints of diarrhea and abdominal pain. She gave a history of recent travel to El Salvador and her stool was positive for Strongyloides stercoralis. A CT scan revealed a circumferential enhancement of the sigmoid colon. This CT sign was unusual in strongyloidiasis and when combined with the symptoms, caused us to rule out inflammatory bowel disease and shock bowel. Stool examination revealed ova and parasites of Strongyloides stercoralis...
2017: International Medical Case Reports Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28721103/identifying-features-of-primary-fallopian-tube-carcinoma-using-magnetic-resonance-imaging
#12
Hariyono Winarto, Darrell Fernando
Definitively diagnosing primary fallopian tube carcinoma (PFTC) prior to surgery is difficult. In the first working diagnosis, PFTC is often misdiagnosed as ovarian cancer. Preoperative workups using magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) are capable of differentiating PFTC from epithelial ovarian carcinomas (EOCs). Both the sensitivity and the specificity of MRI for identifying PFTC are high. The presence of a hydrosalpinx is a hallmark of PFTC. On MRI, hydrosalpinges have characteristic sausage-shaped appearances due to intrauterine fluid accumulation and fallopian tube distention...
2017: International Medical Case Reports Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28684923/bilateral-herpes-zoster-in-a-patient-with-end-stage-kidney-disease
#13
Tetsu Akimoto, Shigeaki Muto, Daisuke Nagata
Herpes zoster (HZ) is caused by the reactivation of a latent varicella-zoster virus (VZV) infection within the cranial or dorsal root ganglia. The cutaneous lesions of HZ are typically limited to a single dermatome, while non-contiguous HZ involving two or more dermatomes is a very rare clinical entity. In this report, we describe a case of HZ involving the left and right side of the abdomen corresponding to the T11 dermatome in a 63-year-old man on chronic peritoneal dialysis. The characteristic cutaneous manifestation encouraged us to ascribe the disease to HZ duplex bilateralis, and the patient was given a single dose of oral valacyclovir and achieved a favorable outcome...
2017: International Medical Case Reports Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28670145/anisohypermetropia-as-a-sign-of-unilateral-glaucoma-in-the-pediatric-population
#14
Deborah Kl Tan, Gillian H Teh, Ching Lin Ho, Boon Long Quah
Childhood glaucoma poses a diagnostic and therapeutic challenge to ophthalmologists. Difficulty in examination and limitations on ability to perform structural and functional testing of optic nerve make diagnosis and verification of glaucoma control difficult in children. It is well known that an excessive loss of hyperopia is a useful sign in alerting the examining ophthalmologist to the possible diagnosis of glaucoma. We present an interesting case of juvenile onset glaucoma presenting with anisohypermetropic amblyopia in one eye and normal vision in the fellow eye that has glaucoma...
2017: International Medical Case Reports Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28652825/a-familial-study-of-hallermann-streiff-fran%C3%A3-ois-syndrome
#15
E Epée, D Beleho, A T Bitang, V A Njami, C Bengondo, Côme Ebana Mvogo
Hallermann-Streiff-François syndrome is a rare sporadic genetic pathology characterized by a phenotype consisting of growth retardation, ocular abnormalities, and a "bird-like head". We hereby report a case of this syndrome found in three generations of the same family - father, daughter, and grand-daughter - who presented with a short stature and facial dysmorphic features, nystagmus, cataract, and bilateral microphthalmia. The discussion is based on the clinical and genetic aspects, and the challenges in management of this oculo-mandibulo-facial syndrome...
2017: International Medical Case Reports Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28652824/fungal-endophthalmitis-in-an-elderly-woman-differing-responses-in-each-eye
#16
Rei Sakata, Jiro Numaga
Candida endophthalmitis is caused by hematogenous metastasis of the yeast. To ensure early diagnosis, serodiagnosis, or surveillance culturing is usually performed. If fungemia is apparent upon successive serological testing (in at least two tests: blood culture and/or measurement of β-d-glucan level), ophthalmic consultation is necessary, even if no ophthalmic complaint is evident. This is because early detection with prompt prescription of systemic antifungal agents inhibits progression of the distinctive cholioretinitis...
2017: International Medical Case Reports Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28652823/optic-perineuritis-a-retrospective-case-series
#17
Olle Bergman, Tommy Andersson, Madeleine Zetterberg
Optic perineuritis (OPN) is a rare inflammatory disorder involving the optic nerve sheath characterized by visual loss. OPN may be isolated and idiopathic or part of an underlying disorder. This case series aimed to help clinicians investigate and manage this disorder. Presentation, clinical findings, and treatment of OPN are discussed. After review of medical records at the ophthalmology clinic at Sahlgrenska University hospital in Gothenburg, Sweden, seven OPN patients (three men and four women) were identified and included in the present case series...
2017: International Medical Case Reports Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28579839/solitary-neurofibroma-of-eyelid-masquerading-as-chalazion
#18
Nancy Chen, Yung-Hsiang Hsu, Yuan-Chieh Lee
Neurofibroma, a benign peripheral nerve sheath tumor, usually appears together with café-au-lait spots, iris nodules, and other tumors within the scope of neurofibromatosis von Recklinghausen type 1 tumors. A solitary neurofibroma of the eyelid is relatively rare. In this case report, we present a 39-year-old woman who had a lesion on the eyelid crease, previously treated as a chalazion. Due to persistent wound crusting, the lesion was excised above the tarsus. Pathological examination revealed a solitary neurofibroma...
2017: International Medical Case Reports Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28579838/extraordinary-and-prolonged-erlotinib-induced-clinical-response-in-a-patient-with-egfr-wild-type-squamous-lung-cancer-in-third-line-therapy-a-case-report
#19
Elisabetta Gambale, Consiglia Carella, Paolo Amerio, Fiamma Buttitta, Rosa Lucia Patea, Clara Natoli, Michele De Tursi
Several small molecules, epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR)-tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKIs), such as gefitinib, erlotinib and afatinib, have been demonstrated to significantly improve clinical outcomes in patients with advanced EGFR-mutated non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC), but erlotinib activity in EGFR wild-type squamous carcinoma is still highly debated. Here, we describe a prolonged and unexpected clinical response to erlotinib in a male former heavy cigarette smoker with wild-type EGFR squamous-cell cancer...
2017: International Medical Case Reports Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28546773/successful-bipolar-ablation-for-ventricular-tachycardia-with-potential-substrate-identification-by-pre-procedural-cardiac-magnetic-resonance-imaging
#20
Kazuo Sakamoto, Masatsugu Nozoe, Yoshitomo Tsutsui, Nobuhiro Suematsu, Toru Kubota, Masanori Okabe, Yusuke Yamamoto
Cardiac magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is a useful tool for detecting the arrhythmogenic substrate in cardiac sarcoidosis. We herein present a case of bipolar radiofrequency catheter ablation for ventricular tachycardia (VT) complicated with cardiac sarcoidosis, guided by pre-procedural cardiac MRI. Neither echocardiography nor endocardial voltage mapping suggested a septal VT substrate. However, MRI alone detected intramural lesions in the septum. Although application of endocardial energy failed to treat the VT, bipolar ablation targeting the potential substrate identified by MRI successfully eliminated the VT...
2017: International Medical Case Reports Journal
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