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World Journal of Oncology

Lan Y Wang, John Hu, Giridharan Ramsingh, Bassam Theodory, Bassam Yaghmour, Maria Vergara-Lluri, George Yaghmour
Hemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis (HLH) is a rare and potentially fatal disease primarily of children, characterized by a severe hyperinflammatory state. We describe a case of adult onset familial HLH with a novel exon 19, c.1607G>T (p.Arg536Leu) heterozygous mutation of the UNC13D gene in a 40-year-old woman who developed HLH during her first and second pregnancies, both episodes occurring during the first trimester. Our patient was treated successfully both times with HLH-94 protocol following spontaneous abortions and is currently in the process of getting a bone marrow transplant...
August 2018: World Journal of Oncology
Nityam Rathi, Neysi Anderson, Samantha Greenberg, Jennie Vagher, Neeraj Agarwal, Andrew W Hahn
Germline pathogenic variants (PVs) in DNA-repair genes have garnered increasing attention in metastatic prostate cancer, and more patients are having somatic and germline DNA testing performed. Interpretation of germline DNA testing is a novel challenge for many clinicians, and the results of germline DNA-repair gene testing have significant implications for men with advanced prostate cancer and their children and siblings. Here, we report the case of a man with metastatic castration-refractory prostate cancer and a pathogenic, germline BRCA2 variant...
August 2018: World Journal of Oncology
Arjun Natarajan, Ashraf Abugroun, Amir Khan, Numan Jahangir
Small cell carcinoma (SmCC) of the head and neck is a rare occurrence. We herein present a case of a 62-year-old female who was diagnosed with small cell cancer of the uvula. The patient developed increased body swelling, elevated blood pressure, persistent hypokalemia and new onset diabetes mellitus. Further workup confirmed a diagnosis of Cushing's syndrome secondary to ectopic adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH) production. To our knowledge, this is only the second case of SmCC of the uvula described in literature, and the first associated with any paraneoplastic syndrome...
August 2018: World Journal of Oncology
Lakshmi Saladi, Sai Mounica Maddu, Masooma Niazi, Ajsza Matela
Recent advances in imaging techniques led to an increase in the incidence of synchronous and metachronous primary lung cancers due to early detection. Management of these patients is challenging and prognosis depends on the stage of the tumor at initial diagnosis and histological type. A 68-year-old African American male patient with medical history of hypertension and diabetes mellitus presented to our emergency department with right sided chest pain, worsening dyspnea and dry cough of 2-week duration. He also reported significant weight loss and was a smoker with 25 pack-years smoking history...
August 2018: World Journal of Oncology
Yuta Ushida, Shoichi Yoshimizu, Yusuke Horiuchi, Toshiyuki Yoshio, Akiyoshi Ishiyama, Toshiaki Hirasawa, Tomohiro Tsuchida, Junko Fujisaki
Background: Metastatic gastric tumor originating from breast cancer (MGTBC) is rare. Endoscopically, gastric cancer (GC)-like lesions and submucosal tumors (SMT) are the features of MGTBC. Their clinicopathological characteristics are currently uncertain. We analyzed the clinicopathological characteristics of 11 patients with MGTBC to better understand the disease progression and thereby improve early detection methods. Methods: From 2006 to 2016, 11 patients with MGTBC diagnosed by esophagogastroduodenoscopy (EGD) were included...
August 2018: World Journal of Oncology
Eric J Vick, Noah Richardson, Kruti Patel, Glenda M Delgado Ramos, Alaa Altahan, Taylor Alloway, Michael G Martin
Background: In diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL), chromosomal aberrations are known to increase with advancing age. Our study aims to determine if there are other genetic aberrations associated with DLBCL based on age. Methods: Using the Mitelman Database of Genetic Aberrations, we were able to find 749 cases of DLBCL with genomic aberrations with a median age of 62 years. Patients with DLBCL chromosomal aberration analysis results were divided into four groups based on age (0 - 30, 31 - 50, 51 - 70, > 71 years) and examined by chi-square analysis and Mantel-Cox for survival analysis...
August 2018: World Journal of Oncology
Gregory P Swanson, Wencong Chen, V O Speights
Background: Historically, ploidy and S phase percentage appeared to be promising predictors for prostate cancer recurrence. Lack of uniformity and consistency hampered their development. We evaluated ploidy and S phase for prostate cancer death in a cohort of patients with long-term follow-up. Methods: We identified 127 patients that had ploidy and S phase determined at the time of their radical prostatectomy for prostate cancer. With 15 years of follow-up, we determined the risk of biochemical failure and risk of death from prostate cancer...
June 2018: World Journal of Oncology
Anil Kumar Dhull, Rajeev Atri, Rakesh Dhankhar, Ashok K Chauhan, Vivek Kaushal
Background: Head and neck cancer (HNC) is the seventh most common type of cancer in the world and constitute 5% of the entire cancers worldwide. The global burden of HNC accounts for 650,000 new cases and 350,000 deaths worldwide every year and a major proportion of regional malignancies in India. More than 70% of squamous cell carcinoma of the head and neck are estimated to be avoidable by lifestyle changes, particularly by effective reduction of exposure to well-known risk factors such as tobacco smoking and alcohol drinking...
June 2018: World Journal of Oncology
Yasuhito Tanase, Junko Takahama, Ryuji Kawaguchi, Hiroshi Kobayashi
Background: The aim of our study was to evaluate the utility of three-dimensional magnetic resonance imaging (3D-MRI) in gynecologic fields. We examined the relation between tumor volume measured with 3D-MRI and lymph node metastasis in patients with endometrial carcinoma. Methods: A retrospective analysis of 84 patients with endometrial carcinoma who underwent hysterectomy, bilateral salpingo-oophorectomy with pelvic/para-aortic lymphadenectomy at our institute was performed...
June 2018: World Journal of Oncology
Anthialisha Nongkynrih, Anil Kumar Dhull, Vivek Kaushal, Rajeev Atri, Rakesh Dhankhar, Karun Kamboj
Background: Bone is a common site of dissemination in advanced cancer accounting for one-third of all distant metastases. Various fractionation schedules of radiotherapy have been used for palliation of bone metastases. The aim of this study was to compare three schedules of external radiation therapy (8 Gy single session versus 20 Gy/5 fractions versus 30 Gy/10 fractions) for palliative management of bone metastases. Methods: In the present study, 60 patients of bone metastases from any primary site were enrolled and randomly divided into three groups of 20 patients each by draw of lots...
June 2018: World Journal of Oncology
Masaki Tomita, Takanori Ayabe, Ryo Maeda, Kunihide Nakamura
Background: Inflammation-based prognostic scores, including Glasgow prognostic score (GPS), neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio (NLR), platelet-to-lymphocyte ratio (PLR), prognostic nutritional index (PNI), systemic immune-inflammation index (SII) and advance lung cancer inflammation index (ALI) are reported to be associated with survival in patients with non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). However, at present, there are no studies that compared these scoring systems for resectable NSCLC. Methods: Three hundred forty-one NSCLC patients who underwent surgery at our institution were included...
June 2018: World Journal of Oncology
Matthew K Stein, Melissa Crawley, Eric Vick, Mike G Martin
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2018: World Journal of Oncology
Matthew K Stein, Saradasri Karri, Jackson Reynolds, Jeff Owsley, Austin Wise, Mike G Martin, Fereshteh Zare
While the recent development of novel therapeutics in oncology, such as small molecule kinase inhibitors (SMKIs), has enabled our ability to target disease-specific molecular pathways, the prolonged impact of these agents on the immune system and infectious risk remains to be seen. We present a 68-year-old male with refractory chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) on ibrutinib monotherapy for 3 years who developed extensive cutaneous mucormycosis following a severe bullous pemphigoid (BP) flare. He received amphotericin B for 4 weeks and was continued on posaconazole with resolution of his mucormycosis infection...
April 2018: World Journal of Oncology
Muhammad Mufti, Steven Ching, Sassan Farjami, Sharareh Shahangian, Serap Sobnosky
Lung cancer is the number one cause of cancer-related deaths in the United States. Involvement of pericardium occurs once cancer has progressed to stage IV which can cause massive effusion in the pericardial sac. This can lead to cardiac tamponade which can be fatal very quickly if untreated. The following is a two patient case series in which both patients presented with large pericardial effusion. The first patient sought medical attention due to new onset palpitations and was found to have hemorrhagic pericardial effusion and pulmonary embolism (PE)...
April 2018: World Journal of Oncology
Nishitha Thumallapally, Sara Parylo, Adarsh Vennepureddy, Uroosa Ibrahim, Alisa Sokoloff
Treatment of lung cancer has been revolutionized with development of drugs that target key driver mutations and immune checkpoints. Until recently, it was believed that these driver mutations are mutually exclusive. However, few reports have emerged citing the presence of both mutations either synchronously or metachronously. We describe a case report of lung adenocarcinoma harboring two driver mutations in the same tumor cells as well as exhibiting high PDL1 expression. We further discuss the possible association of these driver mutations with PDL1 expression...
April 2018: World Journal of Oncology
Catherine Ireland, Eric Wiedower, Muhammad Mirza, Melissa Crawley, Alexandria Tran, George Yaghmour, Mike G Martin
Background: While the provider volume-outcome relationship has been established for many complex surgeries and invasive procedures, the provider volume impact on outcomes for Hodgkin lymphoma (HL) is less certain. We hypothesized that high-volume providers (HVPs) may have superior outcomes compared with low-volume providers (LVPs). Methods: We performed a chart-based, retrospective review of all patients receiving adriamycin, doxorubicin, bleomycin, vinblastine, and dacarbazine (ABVD) for HL at the West Cancer Center from January 2010 to June 2015...
April 2018: World Journal of Oncology
Tapesh Bhattacharyya, Cessal Thommachan Kainickal
Organ preservation in carcinoma larynx is a long debated topic. There are multiple organ preserving approaches in the management of carcinoma larynx depending on various factors. Radical radiotherapy (RT) and conservation laryngeal surgery have shown equivalent results in early laryngeal cancer. Concurrent chemoradiation (CTRT) is the standard treatment in stage III and IV laryngeal cancer with intact cartilage and functional larynx. Patients with cartilage destruction or dysfunctional larynx are not the candidates for organ preservation...
April 2018: World Journal of Oncology
Hassan Tariq, Muhammad Umar Kamal, Shehriyar Mehershahi, Muhammad Saad, Sara Azam, Kishore Kumar, Masooma Niazi, Jasbir Makker, Myrta Daniel
The incidence of tonsillar cancer has increased by four times in the United States over the last few decades likely due to recent increase in human papilloma virus (HPV) infections. The stage of the tumor predicts likelihood of metastasis, with advanced stages associated with higher chances of metastasis. The squamous cell carcinomas (SCCs) of the head and neck commonly metastasize to the lung, bone and liver in descending order. Tonsillar cancer rarely involves the small bowel and our review of the literature did not reveal any reported case of metastasis to the colon/large bowel...
February 2018: World Journal of Oncology
Kavita Agrawal, Levin Miles, Nirav Agrawal, Asim Khan
We present a case of a 48-year-old male who presented with worsening pleuritic chest pain for 2 h. He also complained of fever, malaise, headache and severe neck pain. Electrocardiogram (ECG) showed ST segment elevation in leads I, II, aVL and V5 with PR elevation and ST depression in aVR. On admission, troponin-I was 14.8 ng/mL. Based on ECG changes, elevated troponin and family history of early coronary artery disease, the patient was emergently taken to cardiac catheterization lab. Angiography showed non-obstructive coronaries, mild hypokinesis of mid inferior and anterolateral wall with ejection fraction (EF) of 40-45%...
February 2018: World Journal of Oncology
Bhuvanesh Sukhlal Kalal, Faraz Fathima, Vinitha Ramanath Pai, Ganesh Sanjeev, Chilakapati Murali Krishna, Dinesh Upadhya
Background: The aim of the study was to evaluate the radiation sensitizing ability of ERK1/2, PI3K-AKT and JNK inhibitors in highly radiation resistant and metastatic B16F10 cells which carry wild-type Ras and Braf . Methods: Mouse melanoma cell line B16F10 was exposed to 1.0, 2.0 and 3.0 Gy of electron beam radiation. Phosphorylated ERK1/2, AKT and JNK levels were estimated by ELISA. Cells were exposed to 2.0 and 3.0 Gy of radiation with or without prior pharmacological inhibition of ERK1/2, AKT as well as JNK pathways...
February 2018: World Journal of Oncology
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