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Advances in Medical Education and Practice

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28603435/an-active-learning-curriculum-improves-fellows-knowledge-and-faculty-teaching-skills
#1
Jennifer A Inra, Stephen Pelletier, Navin L Kumar, Edward L Barnes, Helen M Shields
OBJECTIVES: Traditional didactic lectures are the mainstay of teaching for graduate medical education, although this method may not be the most effective way to transmit information. We created an active learning curriculum for Brigham and Women's Hospital (BWH) gastroenterology fellows to maximize learning. We evaluated whether this new curriculum improved perceived knowledge acquisition and knowledge base. In addition, our study assessed whether coaching faculty members in specific methods to enhance active learning improved their perceived teaching and presentation skills...
2017: Advances in Medical Education and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28603434/investigating-a-self-scoring-interview-simulation-for-learning-and-assessment-in-the-medical-consultation
#2
Catherine Bruen, Clarence Kreiter, Vincent Wade, Teresa Pawlikowska
Experience with simulated patients supports undergraduate learning of medical consultation skills. Adaptive simulations are being introduced into this environment. The authors investigate whether it can underpin valid and reliable assessment by conducting a generalizability analysis using IT data analytics from the interaction of medical students (in psychiatry) with adaptive simulations to explore the feasibility of adaptive simulations for supporting automated learning and assessment. The generalizability (G) study was focused on two clinically relevant variables: clinical decision points and communication skills...
2017: Advances in Medical Education and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28579872/medicons-toward-clinical-examination-diagrams-standardization-in-medical-documentation
#3
Georgios Pafitanis, Michalis Hadjiandreou, Leo Withers, Helen Dent
BACKGROUND: Electronic patient records (EPRs) allow efficient and accurate medical documentation. Diagrams have traditionally been used to document clinical signs in patient notes. The interpretation of these diagrams may vary among doctors across a range of specialties, but this has never been tested previously. This study investigated how common diagrams were interpreted and explored the use of digitalized diagrams - Medicons in creating a common language to be used in digital clinical examination proformas...
2017: Advances in Medical Education and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28579871/innovative-curriculum-for-second-year-harvard-mit-medical-students-practicing-communication-skills-with-volunteer-patients-giving-immediate-feedback
#4
Nadaa B Ali, Stephen R Pelletier, Helen M Shields
PURPOSE: Medical students are expected to develop excellent communication skills. The purpose of our study was to create an innovative communication skills exercise using real volunteer patients and physician co-teachers for students to practice communication skills while receiving immediate feedback. METHOD: This is a mixed methods study where second-year medical students participated in the communication skills exercise with real patients and physician co-teachers giving immediate feedback...
2017: Advances in Medical Education and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28553153/interprofessional-education-development-not-for-the-faint-of-heart
#5
Deborah B Fahs, Linda Honan, Rosana Gonzalez-Colaso, Eve R Colson
Interprofessional education (IPE) has the potential to improve communication, collaboration and coordination of care, leading to improved health care outcomes. Promoting IPE has become an aim for many professional schools. However, there are challenges to implementing meaningful curricula that involve multiple health care professional schools. In this study, we outline 12 lessons learned when designing and implementing an Interprofessional Longitudinal Clinical Experience (ILCE) for 247 students from a School of Nursing, Medicine and Physician Associate Program in New England...
2017: Advances in Medical Education and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28503079/using-mobile-audience-response-systems-to-enhance-medical-education-a-medical-student-perspective
#6
COMMENT
Faisal Siddiqui, Ithsham Iqbal, Saeed Azizi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2017: Advances in Medical Education and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28496378/ethnopsychiatry-fosters-creativity-and-the-adoption-of-critical-and-reflexive-thinking-in-higher-education-students-insights-from-a-qualitative-analysis-of-a-preliminary-pilot-experience-at-the-faculty-of-medicine-and-surgery-university-of-genoa-italy
#7
Anna Siri, Giovanni Del Puente, Mariano Martini, Nicola Luigi Bragazzi
Creativity is an ability that plays a major role in the modern economy and society. It should represent an important component of the medical syllabus. However, it is often overlooked by the formal courses at universities. The current study aimed at evaluating whether the interactive educational models, recently adopted by the Faculty of Medicine and Surgery, at the University of Genoa, Italy, would favor the adoption of critical thinking, attitudes to changes, cultural diversity acceptance, and the adoption of relational soft skills versus traditional and frontal didactic teaching...
2017: Advances in Medical Education and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28496377/advances-in-medical-education-and-practice-student-perceptions-of-the-flipped-classroom
#8
COMMENT
Mohammed Salik Sait, Zohaib Siddiqui, Yasir Ashraf
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2017: Advances in Medical Education and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28496376/changing-trends-in-residents-as-teachers-across-graduate-medical-education
#9
Morhaf Al Achkar, Mathew Hanauer, Elizabeth H Morrison, M Kelly Davies, Robert C Oh
BACKGROUND: Teaching residents how to teach is a critical part of residents' training in graduate medical education (GME). The purpose of this study was to assess the change in resident-as-teacher (RaT) instruction in GME over the past 15 years in the US. METHODS: We used a quantitative and qualitative survey of all program directors (PDs) across specialties. We compared our findings with a previous work from 2000-2001 that studied the same matter. Finally, we qualitatively analyzed PDs' responses regarding the reasons for implementing and not implementing RaT instruction...
2017: Advances in Medical Education and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28490914/assessment-of-residency-program-outcomes-via-alumni-surveys
#10
Sonja Lüer, Christoph Aebi
BACKGROUND: One trend in medical education is outcomes-oriented training. Outcomes usually refer to individuals' acquisition of competencies, for example, during training in residency programs. However, little is known about outcomes of these programs. In order to fill this gap, human resource (HR) data were analyzed and alumni of a pediatric residency program were surveyed at the Department of Pediatrics, Bern University Hospital, Switzerland. METHODS: Residency program outcomes (demographics, career choices, part-time or full-time work status, competencies, feedback) were assessed through in-house HR databases, publicly available data on the Internet (physician directory and practice homepages), and 2 alumni surveys (S1, S2)...
2017: Advances in Medical Education and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28458589/what-factors-influence-uk-medical-students-choice-of-foundation-school
#11
Saiful Miah, Karl H Pang, Wayne Rebello, Zoe Rubakumar, Victoria Fung, Suresh Venugopal, Hena Begum
BACKGROUND: We aimed to identify the factors influencing UK medical student applicants' choice of foundation school. We also explored the factors that doctors currently approaching the end of their 2-year program believe should be considered. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted during the 2013-2014 academic year. An online questionnaire was distributed to 2092 final-year medical students from nine UK medical schools and 84 foundation year-2 (FY2) doctors from eight foundation schools...
2017: Advances in Medical Education and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28442942/comparison-in-the-quality-of-distractors-in-three-and-four-options-type-of-multiple-choice-questions
#12
Nourelhouda A A Rahma, Mahdi M A Shamad, Muawia E A Idris, Omer Abdelgadir Elfaki, Walyedldin E M Elfakey, Karimeldin M A Salih
INTRODUCTION: The number of distractors needed for high quality multiple choice questions (MCQs) will be determined by many factors. These include firstly whether English language is their mother tongue or a foreign language; secondly whether the instructors who construct the questions are experts or not; thirdly the time spent on constructing the options is also an important factor. It has been observed by Tarrant et al that more time is often spent on constructing questions than on tailoring sound, reliable, and valid distractors...
2017: Advances in Medical Education and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28442941/competency-based-tool-for-evaluation-of-community-based-training-in-undergraduate-medical-education-in-india-a-delphi-approach
#13
Hemant Deepak Shewade, Kathiresan Jeyashree, Selvaraj Kalaiselvi, Chinnakali Palanivel, Krishna Chandra Panigrahi
INTRODUCTION: A community-based training (CBT) program, where teaching and training are carried out in the community outside of the teaching hospital, is a vital part of undergraduate medical education. Worldwide, there is a shift to competency-based training, and CBT is no exception. We attempted to develop a tool that uses a competency-based approach for assessment of CBT. METHODS: Based on a review on competencies, we prepared a preliminary list of major domains with items under each domain...
2017: Advances in Medical Education and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28435346/mastery-learning-how-is-it-helpful-an-analytical-review
#14
REVIEW
Manjunath Siddaiah-Subramanya, Sabin Smith, James Lonie
The desire to be good at one's work grows out of the aspiration, competition, and a yearning to be the best. Surgeons, in their aim to provide the best care possible to their patients, adopt this behavior to achieve high levels of expert performance through mastery learning, and the surgical training attempts to prepare them optimally to lead a virtuous and productive life. The proponents of the framework reject evidence that suggests that other variables are also necessary to achieve high levels of expert performance...
2017: Advances in Medical Education and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28435345/practically-prepared-pre-intern-student-views-following-an-education-package-a-response
#15
COMMENT
Naeem Dowlut
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2017: Advances in Medical Education and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28435344/development-of-performance-and-error-metrics-for-ultrasound-guided-axillary-brachial-plexus-block
#16
Osman M Ahmed, Brian D O'Donnell, Anthony G Gallagher, George D Shorten
PURPOSE: Change in the landscape of medical education coupled with a paradigm shift toward outcome-based training mandates the trainee to demonstrate specific predefined performance benchmarks in order to progress through training. A valid and reliable assessment tool is a prerequisite for this process. The objective of this study was to characterize ultrasound-guided axillary brachial plexus block to develop performance and error metrics and to verify face and content validity using a modified Delphi method...
2017: Advances in Medical Education and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28408856/writing-skills-enhancement-for-public-health-professionals-in-rwanda
#17
Raywat Deonandan, Nodine Sangwa, Steve Kanters, Sabin Nsanzimana
In 2013, Canadian scholars delivered a 1-week workshop to 30 junior public health professionals in Rwanda. The goal was to improve the Rwandans' skills and confidence with respect to writing scientific papers for submission to international peer-reviewed global health journals. As a result of the workshop, there was a statistically significant improvement in participants' reported confidence in many aspects of navigating the publishing process, but no improvement in confidence regarding statistically analyzing their data...
2017: Advances in Medical Education and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28360542/self-regulated-learning-why-is-it-important-compared-to-traditional-learning-in-medical-education
#18
Manjunath Siddaiah-Subramanya, Masimba Nyandowe, Omar Zubair
Self-regulated learning has played an increasingly significant role in medical education over the last one to two decades. Medical educators have endeavored to ensure that the students are equipped to face the challenges of continued growth of medical knowledge. Here we enquire and reflect on various aspects of self-regulated learning including its strengths and weaknesses. We investigate how it could be incorporated with traditional teaching to bring the best out of the students and what students think about it...
2017: Advances in Medical Education and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28360541/students-perceptions-of-lecturing-approaches-traditional-versus-interactive-teaching
#19
Eiman Abdel Meguid, Matthew Collins
BACKGROUND: There is an increasing trend toward transcending from traditional teaching to student-centered methodologies that actively engage students. We aimed to analyze students' perceptions of effective interactive teaching using PollEverywhere Audience Response System (ARS) as a worthwhile teaching methodology. It can be of great help in maintaining students' attention and in facilitating the lecturer to pick up students' misunderstandings and correct them. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This system was introduced to the undergraduate dental curriculum to increase student's motivation and attention, giving immediate feedback on student understanding during an anatomy module...
2017: Advances in Medical Education and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28360540/medical-students-perception-of-the-learning-environment-at-king-saud-university-medical-college-saudi-arabia-using-dreem-inventory
#20
Mona M Soliman, Kamran Sattar, Sami Alnassar, Faisal Alsaif, Khalid Alswat, Mohamed Alghonaim, Maysoon Alhaizan, Nawaf Al-Furaih
BACKGROUND: The students' perception of the learning environment is an important aspect for evaluation and improvement of the educational program. The College of Medicine at King Saud University (KSU) reformed its curriculum in 2009 from a traditional to a system-oriented hybrid curriculum. OBJECTIVE: The objective of the present study was to determine the perception of the second batch (reformed curriculum) of medical graduates about the educational environment at the College of Medicine, KSU, using the Dundee Ready Education Environment Measure (DREEM) scale...
2017: Advances in Medical Education and Practice
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