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Advances in Medical Education and Practice

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28210172/effects-of-a-12-month-educational-intervention-on-outpatient-clinicians-attitudes-and-behaviors-concerning-spiritual-practices-with-patients
#1
Harold G Koenig, Kathleen Perno, Ted Hamilton
OBJECTIVE: We report here the impact of an educational training program on attitudes and practices of physicians (MDs) and mid-level practitioners (MLPs) toward controversial spiritual practices, such as practitioner-led prayer, sharing personal religious beliefs, and encouraging patients' religious beliefs. METHODS: In this single-group experimental study, 427 physicians and 93 MLPs affiliated with the Adventist Health System agreed to complete a questionnaire assessing demographics, practice characteristics, religiosity, and attitudes and behaviors at baseline, 1 month, and 12 months...
2017: Advances in Medical Education and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28203115/medical-internship-training-in-saudi-arabia-interns-views-and-perceptions
#2
Ali I Swaid, Abdelkhalig H Elhilu, Mohamed S Mahfouz
BACKGROUND: Internship training offers an important opportunity for personal development and career planning. However, there are many factors affecting the efficiency of training, and the views of interns are rarely considered. The main objective of this study was to explore the views of interns enrolled in Jazan University internship program during the year 2015. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: A web-based cross-sectional study was conducted in the Jazan region, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, during the academic year 2015...
2017: Advances in Medical Education and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28184172/practically-prepared-pre-intern-student-views-following-an-education-package
#3
Susan McKenzie, Craig Mellis
BACKGROUND: Graduating medical students enter their internship with varied levels of practical experience in procedural skills. To address this problem, many medical schools have introduced intensive skill training courses immediately prior to graduation. This study examines the impact of a pre-intern (PrInt) education package, consisting of a short intensive course, followed by a one-month clinical attachment. METHODS: In September 2014, all PrInt students (n = 53) at the Central Clinical School (Sydney, NSW, Australia) attended three days of intensive training...
2017: Advances in Medical Education and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28176945/engagement-in-quality-improvement-and-patient-safety-novel-solutions-proposed-by-uk-based-medical-students
#4
COMMENT
Saeed Azizi, Faisal Siddiqui, Ithsham Iqbal, Ibtesham Tausif Hossain
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2017: Advances in Medical Education and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28176931/confident-but-not-theoretically-grounded-experienced-simulation-educators-perceptions-of-their-own-professional-development
#5
Renée Allvin, Magnus Berndtzon, Liisa Carlzon, Samuel Edelbring, Håkan Hult, Magnus Hultin, Klas Karlgren, Italo Masiello, Marie-Louise Södersved Källestedt, Éva Tamás
BACKGROUND: Medical simulation enables the design of learning activities for competency areas (eg, communication and leadership) identified as crucial for future health care professionals. Simulation educators and medical teachers follow different career paths, and their education backgrounds and teaching contexts may be very different in a simulation setting. Although they have a key role in facilitating learning, information on the continuing professional development (pedagogical development) of simulation educators is not available in the literature...
2017: Advances in Medical Education and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28176916/is-there-a-way-for-clinical-teachers-to-assist-struggling-learners-a-synthetic-review-of-the-literature
#6
REVIEW
Elisabeth Boileau, Christina St-Onge, Marie-Claude Audétat
Struggling medical trainees pose a challenge to clinical teachers, since these learners warrant closer supervision that is time-consuming and competes with time spent on patient care. Clinical teachers' perception that they are ill equipped to address learners' difficulties efficiently may lead to delays or even lack of remediation for these learners. Because of the paucity of evidence to guide best practices in remediation, the best approach to guide clinical teachers in the field remains to be established...
2017: Advances in Medical Education and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28176890/contextualizing-the-relevance-of-basic-sciences-small-group-simulation-with-debrief-for-first-and-second-year-medical-students-in-an-integrated-curriculum
#7
Samara B Ginzburg, Judith Brenner, Michael Cassara, Thomas Kwiatkowski, Joanne M Willey
AIM: There has been a call for increased integration of basic and clinical sciences during preclinical years of undergraduate medical education. Despite the recognition that clinical simulation is an effective pedagogical tool, little has been reported on its use to demonstrate the relevance of basic science principles to the practice of clinical medicine. We hypothesized that simulation with an integrated science and clinical debrief used with early learners would illustrate the importance of basic science principles in clinical diagnosis and management of patients...
2017: Advances in Medical Education and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28176889/cadaver-based-abscess-model-for-medical-training
#8
Michael Stanley Ellis, Joseph T Nelson, Jeffrey Zane Kartchner, Karl Andrew Yousef, William J Adamas-Rappaport, Richard Amini
Ultrasound imaging is a rapid and noninvasive tool ideal for the imaging of soft tissue infections and is associated with a change of clinician management plans in 50% of cases. We developed a realistic skin abscess diagnostic and therapeutic training model using fresh frozen cadavers and common, affordable materials. Details for construction of the model and suggested variations are presented. This cadaver-based abscess model produces high-quality sonographic images with internal echogenicity similar to a true clinical abscess, and is ideal for teaching sonographic diagnostic skills in addition to the technical skills of incision and drainage or needle aspiration...
2017: Advances in Medical Education and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28144172/improving-electrocardiogram-interpretation-skills-for-medical-students
#9
COMMENT
Kunj Patel, Omar El Tokhy, Shlok Patel, Hanna Maroof
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2017: Advances in Medical Education and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28144171/advances-in-medical-education-and-practice-student-perceptions-of-the-flipped-classroom
#10
REVIEW
Christopher J Ramnanan, Lynley D Pound
The flipped classroom (FC) approach to teaching has been increasingly employed in undergraduate medical education in recent years. In FC applications, students are first exposed to content via online resources. Subsequent face-to-face class time can then be devoted to student-centered activities that promote active learning. Although the FC has been well received by students in other contexts, the perceptions of medical students regarding this innovation are unclear. This review serves as an early exploration into medical student perceptions of benefits and limitations of the FC...
2017: Advances in Medical Education and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28144170/flipping-the-classroom-to-teach-millennial-residents-medical-leadership-a-proof-of-concept
#11
Alicia T Lucardie, Lizanne Berkenbosch, Jochem van den Berg, Jamiu O Busari
INTRODUCTION: The ongoing changes in health care delivery have resulted in the reform of educational content and methods of training in postgraduate medical leadership education. Health care law and medical errors are domains in medical leadership where medical residents desire training. However, the potential value of the flipped classroom as a pedagogical tool for leadership training within postgraduate medical education has not been fully explored. Therefore, we designed a learning module for this purpose and made use of the flipped classroom model to deliver the training...
2017: Advances in Medical Education and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28138270/interns-reflect-the-effect-of-formative-assessment-with-feedback-during-pre-internship
#12
Susan McKenzie, Annette Burgess, Craig Mellis
BACKGROUND: It is widely known that the opportunity for medical students to be observed and to receive feedback on their procedural skills performance is variable in the senior years. To address this problem, we provided our Pre-Intern (PrInt) students with "one-to-one" formative feedback on their ability to perform urethral catheterization (U/C) and hypothesized that their future practice of U/C as interns would benefit. This study sought to evaluate the performance and practice of interns in U/C 4-5 months after having received feedback on their performance of U/C as PrInt students...
2017: Advances in Medical Education and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28123315/attitude-and-skill-levels-of-graduate-health-professionals-in-performing-cardiopulmonary-resuscitation
#13
Endale Gebreegziabher Gebremedhn, Gebremedhn Berhe Gebregergs, Bernard Bradley Anderson, Vidhya Nagaratnam
BACKGROUND: Cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) is an emergency procedure used to treat victims following cardiopulmonary arrest. Graduate health professionals at the University of Gondar Teaching Hospital manage many trauma and critically ill patients. The chance of survival after cardiopulmonary arrest may be increased with sufficient attitude and skill levels. The study aimed to assess the attitude and skill levels of graduate health professionals in performing CPR. METHODS: A hospital-based cross-sectional study was conducted from May 1 to 30, 2013, at the University of Gondar Teaching Hospital...
2017: Advances in Medical Education and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28096709/communication-pitfalls-of-traditional-history-and-physical-write-up-documentation
#14
Jeffrey L Brown
BACKGROUND: An unofficial standardized "write-up" outline is commonly used for documenting history and physical examinations, giving oral presentations, and teaching clinical skills. Despite general acceptance, there is an apparent discrepancy between the way clinical encounters are conducted and how they are documented. METHODS: Fifteen medical school websites were randomly selected from search-engine generated lists. One example of a history and physical write-up from each of six sites, one teaching outline from each of nine additional sites, and recommendations for documentation made in two commonly used textbooks were compared for similarities and differences...
2017: Advances in Medical Education and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28096708/evaluating-medical-students-proficiency-with-a-handheld-ophthalmoscope-a-pilot-study
#15
Gregory Gilmour, James McKivigan
INTRODUCTION: Historically, testing medical students' skills using a handheld ophthalmoscope has been difficult to do objectively. Many programs train students using plastic models of the eye which are a very limited fidelity simulator of a real human eye. This makes it difficult to be sure that actual proficiency is attained given the differences between the various models and actual patients. The purpose of this article is to introduce a method of testing where a medical student must match a patient with his/her fundus photo, ensuring objective evaluation as well as developing skills on real patients which are more likely to transfer into clinical practice directly...
2017: Advances in Medical Education and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28096707/simulation-based-medical-education-to-improve-intrinsic-motivation-in-medical-students
#16
COMMENT
Helen-Cara Younan
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2017: Advances in Medical Education and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28096706/balancing-standardized-testing-with-personalized-training-in-surgery
#17
REVIEW
Aadil Ahmed, Muhammad Abbas Abid, Nasir I Bhatti
Students pursuing a medical career in the US are subject to standardized testing at regular intervals. These standardized tests not only quantify the milestones students have already achieved, but also define the path for future achievements. The purpose of these examinations is to help students become self-directed, lifelong learners - an essential attribute of a medical professional. However, whether preparing for these examinations actually makes students such disciplined learners needs to be examined. Especially during residency training with its limited time and unpredictable exposure, trainees must learn in the most efficient way for their learning styles, and thus develop attributes that will be helpful to them in their medical career...
2017: Advances in Medical Education and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28096705/situational-judgment-tests-reliably-measure-professional-attributes-important-for-clinical-practice
#18
EDITORIAL
Katie Petty-Saphon, Kim A Walker, Fiona Patterson, Vicki Ashworth, Helena Edwards
Over the course of more than 40 years, international research has consistently shown situational judgment tests (SJTs) to be a reliable and valid selection method for assessing a range of professional attributes. However, SJTs still represent a relatively new selection method within the medical profession, and as such it is to be expected that applicant reactions will vary. In this Expert Opinion piece, we respond to Najim et al's article "The situational judgement test: a student's worst nightmare" by highlighting three key clarifications...
2017: Advances in Medical Education and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28096704/neonatal-resuscitation-advances-in-training-and-practice
#19
REVIEW
Taylor Sawyer, Rachel A Umoren, Megan M Gray
Each year in the US, some four hundred thousand newborns need help breathing when they are born. Due to the frequent need for resuscitation at birth, it is vital to have evidence-based care guidelines and to provide effective neonatal resuscitation training. Every five years, the International Liaison Committee on Resuscitation (ILCOR) reviews the science of neonatal resuscitation. In the US, the American Heart Association (AHA) develops treatment guidelines based on the ILCOR science review, and the Neonatal Resuscitation Program (NRP) translates the AHA guidelines into an educational curriculum...
2017: Advances in Medical Education and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28053563/scenario-based-teaching-in-undergraduate-medical-education
#20
COMMENT
Kunj Patel, Omar El Tokhy
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2017: Advances in Medical Education and Practice
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