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Advances in Medical Education and Practice

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28919831/flipped-classroom-model-for-learning-evidence-based-medicine
#1
Sydney Y Rucker, Zulfukar Ozdogan, Morhaf Al Achkar
Journal club (JC), as a pedagogical strategy, has long been used in graduate medical education (GME). As evidence-based medicine (EBM) becomes a mainstay in GME, traditional models of JC present a number of insufficiencies and call for novel models of instruction. A flipped classroom model appears to be an ideal strategy to meet the demands to connect evidence to practice while creating engaged, culturally competent, and technologically literate physicians. In this article, we describe a novel model of flipped classroom in JC...
2017: Advances in Medical Education and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28883749/student-selected-component-in-the-medical-curriculum-investigations-and-psychiatric-referral-for-paracetamol-overdose-in-an-accident-and-emergency-department
#2
James G Cowman, Manuel Bakheet
BACKGROUND: A student-selected component (SSC) of the medical curriculum requires the student to be self-directed in locating and undertaking a placement in a clinical specialty of their choosing and completing a project. The clinical area for experience was an accident and emergency department, and our topic was a focused audit on the investigations and referral for paracetamol overdose. The purpose of this paper is twofold: to reflect on the education value to medical students of an SSC in a medical curriculum, and to highlight learning and understanding through completion of an audit...
2017: Advances in Medical Education and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28860891/advances-in-medical-education-and-practice-role-of-massive-open-online-courses
#3
REVIEW
Lynette R Goldberg, Leonard A Crocombe
Massive open online courses (MOOCs) are increasingly available in the area of health and medicine. These MOOCs are offered through various commercial and noncommercial online platforms. When offered through reputable institutions, they can provide valuable access to reliable information without the constraints of time, geographical location, or level of education. Most current courses appear introductory in nature. In its drive for quality health care, the National Academy of Medicine has prioritized a focus on known chronic care conditions...
2017: Advances in Medical Education and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28860890/views-on-an-active-learning-curriculum-improving-knowledge
#4
COMMENT
Mariam Salaria
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2017: Advances in Medical Education and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28860889/mindfulness-burnout-and-effects-on-performance-evaluations-in-internal-medicine-residents
#5
Sarah E Braun, Stephen M Auerbach, Bruce Rybarczyk, Bennett Lee, Stephanie Call
PURPOSE: Burnout has been documented at high levels in medical residents with negative effects on performance. Some dispositional qualities, like mindfulness, may protect against burnout. The purpose of the present study was to assess burnout prevalence among internal medicine residents at a single institution, examine the relationship between mindfulness and burnout, and provide preliminary findings on the relation between burnout and performance evaluations in internal medicine residents...
2017: Advances in Medical Education and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28860888/constant-training-in-direct-ophthalmoscopy
#6
COMMENT
Helen-Cara Younan, Rishi Iyer, Janaki Natasha Desai
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2017: Advances in Medical Education and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28848369/student-led-widening-access-schemes
#7
Utkarsh Ojha, Shivam Patel
Medicine is among the most competitive degrees in the UK. Successfully gaining admission into medical school requires students to demonstrate a variety of academic and nonacademic skills in addition to experience and insights into the profession. However, gaining relevant experience within medicine may not be equally available to all students. The 2012 report from the Social Mobility and Child Poverty Commission stated that in terms of widening access and improving social mobility "medicine lags behind other professions"...
2017: Advances in Medical Education and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28848368/an-active-learning-curriculum-improves-fellows-knowledge-and-faculty-teaching-skills-a-medical-student-perspective
#8
COMMENT
Mubariz Ahmad, Nourah AlHennawi, Maaham Ahmed
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2017: Advances in Medical Education and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28831277/changing-opinions-about-research-by-saudi-medical-students
#9
Ahmad Abulaban, Abdulrahman Alharbi, Osama BinDajam, Mohammed Al Jarbou, Hatem Alharbi, Faiz Alanazi, Khalid Aldamiri, Ahmed Althobaiti, Abdulla Al Sayyari
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to investigate and compare the opinions and attitudes of medical students toward medical research in five Saudi universities and examine the changes observed in these opinions and attitudes in one of these universities over a period of time. METHODS: This is a cross-sectional study conducted among medical students in five Saudi universities. This study was based on a survey undertaken in 2015. The survey consisted of five questions inquiring about the opinions and attitudes of medical students toward medical research...
2017: Advances in Medical Education and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28814911/four-tenets-of-modern-validity-theory-for-medical-education-assessment-and-evaluation
#10
Kenneth D Royal
Validity is considered by many to be the most important criterion for evaluating a set of scores, yet few agree on what exactly the term means. Since the mid-1800s, scholars have been concerned with the notion of validity, but over time, the term has developed a variety of meanings across academic disciplines and contexts. Accordingly, when scholars with different academic backgrounds, many of whom hold deeply entrenched perspectives about validity conceptualizations, converge in the field of medical education assessment, it is a recipe for confusion...
2017: Advances in Medical Education and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28814910/a-15-year-review-of-the-stanford-internal-medicine-residency-program-predictors-of-resident-satisfaction-and-dissatisfaction
#11
James S Kahn, Ronald M Witteles, Kenneth W Mahaffey, Sumbul A Desai, Errol Ozdalga, Paul A Heidenreich
INTRODUCTION: Satisfaction with training and with educational experiences represents important internal medicine (IM) programmatic goals. Graduates from IM residency programs are uniquely poised to provide insights into their educational and training experiences and to assess whether these experiences were satisfactory and relevant to their current employment. METHODS: We surveyed former IM residents from the training program held during the years 2000-2015 at the Department of Medicine, Stanford University...
2017: Advances in Medical Education and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28814909/increasing-medical-student-exposure-to-musculoskeletal-medicine-the-initial-impact-of-the-orthopaedic-surgery-and-sports-medicine-interest-group
#12
Dayne T Mickelson, Philip K Louie, Kenneth R Gundle, Alex W Farnand, Douglas P Hanel
PURPOSE: To investigate the impact of the Orthopaedic Surgery and Sports Medicine Interest Group (OSSMIG) on medical student interest and confidence in core musculoskeletal (MSK) concepts through supplemental education and experiences at a single tertiary, academic institution. METHODS: Medical student OSSMIG members at various levels of training were anonymously surveyed at the beginning and end of the 2014-2015 academic year. RESULTS: Eighteen (N=18) medical student interest group members completed the survey...
2017: Advances in Medical Education and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28794669/improvements-in-primary-care-skills-and-knowledge-with-a-vocational-training-program-a-pre-post-survey
#13
Sima Djalali, Ryan Tandjung, Thomas Rosemann, Stefan Markun
BACKGROUND: Facing the upcoming shortage of primary care physicians (PCPs), medical and governmental organizations have recently made major investments to foster vocational training programs in Switzerland, designed to provide context-specific training for trainees in primary care practices. Less is known about the impact of these programs on the skills and specific knowledge of trainees. We aimed to evaluate the Cantonal program for vocational primary care training in the Canton of Zurich, Switzerland's largest Canton...
2017: Advances in Medical Education and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28794668/tips-for-using-students-during-times-of-change-in-health-care-lessons-from-the-literature-and-from-practice
#14
Saravana Kumar, Ingrid L Lensink, Catherine Turnbull
BACKGROUND: It is often said that the only constant in health care is change. While change is inevitable, implementing change in health care is complex, and health care stakeholders are often confronted by numerous barriers and challenges. Historically, students have been an integral part of the health system through aspects such as clinical placements, and hence, may play a role during times of change. AIM: The aim of this study is to provide strategies for using students as positive agents of change by discussing opportunities and highlighting challenges...
2017: Advances in Medical Education and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28794667/mbarara-university-research-training-initiative-a-spin-off-of-the-medical-education-partnership-initiative-in-uganda
#15
Edith Wakida, Samuel Maling, Celestino Obua
Scientific productivity in Africa is insignificant compared to that in the rest of the world. This has been attributed to the fact that, in spite of academic qualifications, junior faculty, who form the majority of academics in low- and middle-income countries lack experience in research. This calls for a need to put in place programs that provide hands-on training in research so that junior faculty can conduct relevant research. The Mbarara University Research Training Initiative, a Fogarty International Center-funded program, is one such program that was developed to provide research capacity training for junior faculty at the Mbarara University of Science and Technology...
2017: Advances in Medical Education and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28794666/the-value-of-writing-skills-as-an-addition-to-the-medical-school-curriculum
#16
Bassit Malik
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2017: Advances in Medical Education and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28794665/resident-wellness-institutional-trends-over-10-years-since-2003
#17
Dongseok Choi, Andrea Cedfeldt, Christine Flores, Kimberly Irish, Patrick Brunett, Donald Girard
BACKGROUND: The surveys in this study were carried out at the Graduate Medical Education Division at Oregon Health & Science University (OHSU). OHSU implemented two significant wellness initiatives: a wellness program in 2004, and a policy allowing 4 half-days off each academic year to pursue personal or family health care needs in 2010. This study provides a secondary data analysis of five cross-sectional surveys of career satisfaction of resident and fellow trainees. METHODS: All trainees were surveyed five times over a 10-year period using anonymous, cross-sectional web-based survey instruments...
2017: Advances in Medical Education and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28794664/initial-construct-validity-evidence-of-a-virtual-human-application-for-competency-assessment-in-breaking-bad-news-to-a-cancer-patient
#18
Timothy C Guetterman, Frederick W Kron, Toby C Campbell, Mark W Scerbo, Amy B Zelenski, James F Cleary, Michael D Fetters
BACKGROUND: Despite interest in using virtual humans (VHs) for assessing health care communication, evidence of validity is limited. We evaluated the validity of a VH application, MPathic-VR, for assessing performance-based competence in breaking bad news (BBN) to a VH patient. METHODS: We used a two-group quasi-experimental design, with residents participating in a 3-hour seminar on BBN. Group A (n=15) completed the VH simulation before and after the seminar, and Group B (n=12) completed the VH simulation only after the BBN seminar to avoid the possibility that testing alone affected performance...
2017: Advances in Medical Education and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28794663/physician-perspectives-on-education-training-and-implementation-of-complementary-and-alternative-medicine
#19
Sejal J Patel, Kathi J Kemper, Joseph P Kitzmiller
Over recent decades, the demand for complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) has continued to rise in the US. Like the practice of traditional Western medicine, CAM is associated with not only significant health benefits but also significant risks. Unlike traditional Western medicine, however, much of CAM use is less regulated and often occurs unbeknownst to a patient's medical doctor. The use of herbals, dietary supplements, and over-the-counter (OTC) medications can result in adverse effects, and many significant interactions can occur when their use is combined with allopathic medications...
2017: Advances in Medical Education and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28790876/the-promise-and-challenge-of-mastery-learning
#20
COMMENT
William C McGaghie, Jeffrey H Barsuk, Diane B Wayne
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2017: Advances in Medical Education and Practice
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