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Advances in Medical Education and Practice

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28740443/approaches-to-teach-evidence-based-practice-among-health-professionals-an-overview-of-the-existing-evidence
#1
REVIEW
Athina E Patelarou, Konstantinos G Kyriakoulis, Aliki A Stamou, Aggelos Laliotis, Dimitra Sifaki-Pistolla, Michail Matalliotakis, Emmanuel Prokopakis, Evridiki Patelarou
Health care professionals' adoption of evidence-based practice (EBP) remains limited, although most health care professionals are familiar with EBP and believe in its value. This systematic review aimed to bring together the best methods used to teach EBP to health professionals. The authors conducted a systematic search for the period 2005-2015 (an update of the search took place in October 2016) using PubMed interface (Medline). MeSH terms as well as free-text keywords were used. Studies were analyzed and evaluated by title and abstract...
2017: Advances in Medical Education and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28721120/effective-learning-environments-the-process-of-creating-and-maintaining-an-online-continuing-education-tool
#2
Sharon Davies, Gianni Roberto Lorello, Kristi Downey, Zeev Friedman
Continuing medical education (CME) is an indispensable part of maintaining physicians' competency. Since attending conferences requires clinical absenteeism and is not universally available, online learning has become popular. The purpose of this study is to conduct a retrospective analysis examining the creation process of an anesthesia website for adherence to the published guidelines and, in turn, provide an illustration of developing accredited online CME. Using Kern's guide to curriculum development, our website analysis confirmed each of the six steps was met...
2017: Advances in Medical Education and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28721119/educational-challenges-faced-by-international-medical-graduates-in-the-uk
#3
Ahmed Hashim
INTRODUCTION: International medical graduates (IMGs) in the UK constitute approximately one-quarter of the total number of doctors registered in the General Medical Council (GMC). The transition of IMGs into the health care system in the UK is accompanied by significant sociocultural and educational challenges. This study aims to explore the views of IMGs in medical training on the educational challenges they face. METHODS: This study was conducted in the Kent, Surrey and Sussex region in 2015...
2017: Advances in Medical Education and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28721118/ophthalmoscopy-simulation-advances-in-training-and-practice-for-medical-students-and-young-ophthalmologists
#4
REVIEW
Lucas Holderegger Ricci, Caroline Amaral Ferraz
OBJECTIVE: To describe and appraise the latest simulation models for direct and indirect ophthalmoscopy as a learning tool in the medical field. METHODS: The present review was conducted using four national and international databases - PubMed, Scielo, Medline and Cochrane. Initial set of articles was screened based on title and abstracts, followed by full text analysis. It comprises of articles that were published in the past fifteen years (2002-2017). RESULTS: Eighty-three articles concerning simulation models for medical education were found in national and international databases, with only a few describing important aspects of ophthalmoscopy training and current application of simulation in medical education...
2017: Advances in Medical Education and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28721117/experiential-learning-in-physical-therapy-education
#5
Susan N Smith, Amy F Crocker
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Experiential learning can provide students in entry-level physical therapy (PT) education programs the opportunity to practice skills and techniques, learned in the classroom, in a real-world setting. Experiential learning is currently being utilized in all entry-level PT programs in the form of professional practice experiences but may be integrated throughout the curriculum to enhance student engagement and knowledge application and retention. The purpose of this paper is to express the need for increased integration of experiential learning into entry-level PT education curricula...
2017: Advances in Medical Education and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28721116/what-factors-facilitate-the-engagement-with-flipped-classrooms-used-in-the-preparation-for-postgraduate-medical-membership-examinations
#6
Amrita Jesurasa, Kelly Mackenzie, Hannah Jordan, Elizabeth C Goyder
BACKGROUND: The "flipped classroom," a pedagogical model where typical lecture and homework elements are reversed, is being advocated in medical education to support the teaching of a large curriculum. However, research into the use of this model in postgraduate medical education, which requires the application of acquired knowledge, is limited. The aim of this study was to explore the barriers and facilitators to engagement with the flipped classroom model in preparation for the written element of postgraduate membership examinations...
2017: Advances in Medical Education and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28721115/online-nutrition-and-t2dm-continuing-medical-education-course-launched-on-state-level-medical-association
#7
Kristen K Hicks, Peter S Murano
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this research study was to determine whether a 1-hour online continuing medical education (CME) course focused on nutrition for type 2 diabetes would result in a gain in nutrition knowledge by practicing physicians. METHODS: A practicing physician and dietitian collaborated to develop an online CME course (both webinar and self-study versions) on type 2 diabetes. This 1-hour accredited course was launched through the state-level medical association's education library, available to all physicians...
2017: Advances in Medical Education and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28721114/the-use-of-distractors-in-multiple-choice-questions-a-medical-student-perspective
#8
COMMENT
Harkaran Singh Kalkat, Vinay Jamnadas Sonagara, Swina Santhirakumaran
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2017: Advances in Medical Education and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28721113/telehealth-and-ehealth-in-nurse-practitioner-training-current-perspectives
#9
REVIEW
Carolyn M Rutledge, Karen Kott, Patty A Schweickert, Rebecca Poston, Christianne Fowler, Tina S Haney
Telehealth is becoming a vital process for providing access to cost-effective quality care to patients at a distance. As such, it is important for nurse practitioners, often the primary providers for rural and disadvantaged populations, to develop the knowledge, skills, and attitudes needed to utilize telehealth technologies in practice. In reviewing the literature, very little information was found on programs that addressed nurse practitioner training in telehealth. This article provides an overview of both the topics and the techniques that have been utilized for training nurse practitioners and nurse practitioner students in the delivery of care utilizing telehealth...
2017: Advances in Medical Education and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28694712/creating-physicians-of-the-21st-century-assessment-of-the-clinical-years
#10
Allison A Vanderbilt, Sara Q Perkins, Moriah K Muscaro, Thomas J Papadimos, Reginald F Baugh
Medical education has been under a constant state of revision for the past several years. The overarching theme of the curriculum revisions for medical schools across the USA has been creating better physicians for the 21st century, with the same end result: graduating medical students at the optimal performance level when entering residency. We propose a robust, thorough assessment process that will address the needs of clerkships, residents, students, and, most importantly, medical schools to best measure and improve clinical reasoning skills that are required for the learning outcomes of our future physicians...
2017: Advances in Medical Education and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28670150/predicting-united-states-medical-licensure-examination-step-2-clinical-knowledge-scores-from-previous-academic-indicators
#11
Kristina A Monteiro, Paul George, Richard Dollase, Luba Dumenco
The use of multiple academic indicators to identify students at risk of experiencing difficulty completing licensure requirements provides an opportunity to increase support services prior to high-stakes licensure examinations, including the United States Medical Licensure Examination (USMLE) Step 2 clinical knowledge (CK). Step 2 CK is becoming increasingly important in decision-making by residency directors because of increasing undergraduate medical enrollment and limited available residency vacancies. We created and validated a regression equation to predict students' Step 2 CK scores from previous academic indicators to identify students at risk, with sufficient time to intervene with additional support services as necessary...
2017: Advances in Medical Education and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28670149/use-of-the-national-board-of-medical-examiners-%C3%A2-comprehensive-basic-science-exam-survey-results-of-us-medical-schools
#12
William S Wright, Kirk Baston
PURPOSE: The National Board of Medical Examiners(®) (NBME) Comprehensive Basic Science Exam (CBSE) is a subject exam offered to US medical schools, where it has been used for external validation of student preparedness for the United States Medical Licensing Examination(®) (USMLE) Step 1 in new schools and schools undergoing curricular reform. Information regarding the actual use of the NBME CBSE is limited. Therefore, the aim of the survey was to determine the scope and utilization of the NBME CBSE by US medical schools...
2017: Advances in Medical Education and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28652840/social-media-as-an-open-learning-resource-in-medical-education-current-perspectives
#13
REVIEW
S Sutherland, A Jalali
PURPOSE: Numerous studies evaluate the use of social media as an open-learning resource in education, but there is a little published knowledge of empirical evidence that such open-learning resources produce educative outcomes, particularly with regard to student performance. This study undertook a systematic review of the published literature in medical education to determine the state of the evidence as to empirical studies that conduct an evaluation or research regarding social media and open-learning resources...
2017: Advances in Medical Education and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28652839/increasing-patient-safety-with-neonates-via-handoff-communication-during-delivery-a-call-for-interprofessional-health-care-team-training-across-gme-and-cme
#14
Allison A Vanderbilt, Scott M Pappada, Howard Stein, David Harper, Thomas J Papadimos
Hospitals have struggled for years regarding the handoff process of communicating patient information from one health care professional to another. Ineffective handoff communication is recognized as a serious patient safety risk within the health care community. It is essential to take communication into consideration when examining the safety of neonates who require immediate medical attention after birth; effective communication is vital for positive patient outcomes, especially with neonates in a delivery room setting...
2017: Advances in Medical Education and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28603435/an-active-learning-curriculum-improves-fellows-knowledge-and-faculty-teaching-skills
#15
Jennifer A Inra, Stephen Pelletier, Navin L Kumar, Edward L Barnes, Helen M Shields
OBJECTIVES: Traditional didactic lectures are the mainstay of teaching for graduate medical education, although this method may not be the most effective way to transmit information. We created an active learning curriculum for Brigham and Women's Hospital (BWH) gastroenterology fellows to maximize learning. We evaluated whether this new curriculum improved perceived knowledge acquisition and knowledge base. In addition, our study assessed whether coaching faculty members in specific methods to enhance active learning improved their perceived teaching and presentation skills...
2017: Advances in Medical Education and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28603434/investigating-a-self-scoring-interview-simulation-for-learning-and-assessment-in-the-medical-consultation
#16
Catherine Bruen, Clarence Kreiter, Vincent Wade, Teresa Pawlikowska
Experience with simulated patients supports undergraduate learning of medical consultation skills. Adaptive simulations are being introduced into this environment. The authors investigate whether it can underpin valid and reliable assessment by conducting a generalizability analysis using IT data analytics from the interaction of medical students (in psychiatry) with adaptive simulations to explore the feasibility of adaptive simulations for supporting automated learning and assessment. The generalizability (G) study was focused on two clinically relevant variables: clinical decision points and communication skills...
2017: Advances in Medical Education and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28579872/medicons-toward-clinical-examination-diagrams-standardization-in-medical-documentation
#17
Georgios Pafitanis, Michalis Hadjiandreou, Leo Withers, Helen Dent
BACKGROUND: Electronic patient records (EPRs) allow efficient and accurate medical documentation. Diagrams have traditionally been used to document clinical signs in patient notes. The interpretation of these diagrams may vary among doctors across a range of specialties, but this has never been tested previously. This study investigated how common diagrams were interpreted and explored the use of digitalized diagrams - Medicons in creating a common language to be used in digital clinical examination proformas...
2017: Advances in Medical Education and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28579871/innovative-curriculum-for-second-year-harvard-mit-medical-students-practicing-communication-skills-with-volunteer-patients-giving-immediate-feedback
#18
Nadaa B Ali, Stephen R Pelletier, Helen M Shields
PURPOSE: Medical students are expected to develop excellent communication skills. The purpose of our study was to create an innovative communication skills exercise using real volunteer patients and physician co-teachers for students to practice communication skills while receiving immediate feedback. METHOD: This is a mixed methods study where second-year medical students participated in the communication skills exercise with real patients and physician co-teachers giving immediate feedback...
2017: Advances in Medical Education and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28553153/interprofessional-education-development-not-for-the-faint-of-heart
#19
Deborah B Fahs, Linda Honan, Rosana Gonzalez-Colaso, Eve R Colson
Interprofessional education (IPE) has the potential to improve communication, collaboration and coordination of care, leading to improved health care outcomes. Promoting IPE has become an aim for many professional schools. However, there are challenges to implementing meaningful curricula that involve multiple health care professional schools. In this study, we outline 12 lessons learned when designing and implementing an Interprofessional Longitudinal Clinical Experience (ILCE) for 247 students from a School of Nursing, Medicine and Physician Associate Program in New England...
2017: Advances in Medical Education and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28503079/using-mobile-audience-response-systems-to-enhance-medical-education-a-medical-student-perspective
#20
COMMENT
Faisal Siddiqui, Ithsham Iqbal, Saeed Azizi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2017: Advances in Medical Education and Practice
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