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BioImpacts: BI

Marziyeh Fathi, Parham Sahandi Zangabad, Sima Majidi, Jaleh Barar, Hamid Erfan-Niya, Yadollah Omidi
Introduction: Stimuli-responsive nanocarriers offer unique advantages over the traditional drug delivery systems (DDSs) in terms of targeted drug delivery and on-demand release of cargo drug molecules. Of these, chitosan (CS)-based DDSs offer several advantages such as high compatibility with biological settings. Methods: In this study, we surveyed the literature in terms of the stimuli-responsive nanocarriers and discussed the most recent advancements in terms of CS-based nanosystems and their applications in cancer therapy and diagnosis...
2017: BioImpacts: BI
Behnoosh Soghani, Asghar Ebadifar, Hamid Reza Khorram Khorshid, Koorosh Kamali, Roya Hamedi, Fatemeh Aghakhani Moghadam
Introduction: Cleft lip/palate is one of the most common congenital defects and is supposed to have multifactorial etiology, including a complex interaction between genetics and environment. Reduced folate carrier 1 (RFC1) gene takes part in folate transportation within the cells. In this study, the association of A80G polymorphism in the RFC1 gene with the non-syndromic cleft lip/palate (nsCL/P) was investigated in Iranian infants for the first time. Methods: In this case-control survey, 122 Iranian infants with nsCL/P and 164 healthy infants were investigated for RFC1 polymorphism by PCR and RFLP methods...
2017: BioImpacts: BI
Arash Hajizadeh Dastjerdi, Hossein Behboudi, Zahra Kianmehr, Ali Taravati, Mohammad Mehdi Naghizadeh, Sussan Kaboudanian Ardestani, Tooba Ghazanfari
Introduction: Glutathione S-transferase (GST) is one of the major detoxifiers in alveoli. Polymorphism in GST genes can influence the ability of individuals to suppress oxidative stress and inflammation. The present study was aimed to explore the hypothesis that the genetic polymorphisms of GST T1, M1 and P1 are associated with the severity of the mustard lung in the sulfur mustard-exposed individuals. Methods: Blood samples were taken from 185 sulfur mustard-exposed and 57 unexposed subjects. According to the stage of the mustard lung, sulfur mustard-exposed patients were categorized in the mild/moderate and severe/very severe groups...
2017: BioImpacts: BI
Jaber Dehghani, Ali Movafeghi, Abolfazl Barzegari, Jaleh Barar
Introduction: Several platforms including mammalian, plant and insect cells as well as bacteria, yeasts, and microalgae are available for the production of recombinant proteins. Low efficiency of delivery systems, extracellular and intracellular degradation of foreign genes during transformation, difficulties in targeting and importing into the nucleus, and finally problems in integration into nuclear genome are the most bottlenecks of classical plasmids for producing recombinant proteins. Owing to high growth rate, no common pathogen with humans, being utilized as humans' food, and capability to perform N-glycosylation, microalgae are proposed as an ideal system for such biotechnological approaches...
2017: BioImpacts: BI
Yousef Sohrabi, Vahid Panahi-Azar, Abolfazl Barzegar, Jafar Ezzati Nazhad Dolatabadi, Parvin Dehghan
Introduction: Ascorbyl palmitate (AP) is an example of natural secondary food antioxidant, which has been used for oxidative rancidity prevention in food industry. In this study, the interaction of AP with bovine serum albumin (BSA) was investigated. Methods: The mechanism of BSA interaction with AP was investigated using spectroscopic methods (UV-Vis, fluorescence). The thermodynamic parameters including enthalpy change (ΔH), entropy change (ΔS), and Gibb's free energy (ΔG) were calculated using Van't Hoff equation at different temperatures...
2017: BioImpacts: BI
Muhammad Nuh Musa, Sheba Rani David, Ihsan Nazurah Zulkipli, Abdul Hanif Mahadi, Srikumar Chakravarthi, Rajan Rajabalaya
Introduction: The use of liquid crystalline (LC) gel formulations for drug delivery has considerably improved the current delivery methods in terms of bioavailability and efficacy. The purpose of this study was to develop and evaluate LC gel formulations to deliver the anti-cancer drug exemestane through transdermal route. Methods: Two LC gel formulations were prepared by phase separation coacervation method using glyceryl monooleate (GMO), Tween 80 and Pluronic® F127 (F127). The formulations were characterized with regard to encapsulation efficiency (EE), vesicle size, Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) spectroscopy, surface morphology (using light and fluorescence microscopy), in vitro release, ex vivo permeation, in vitro effectiveness test on MDA-MB231 cancer cell lines and histopathological analysis...
2017: BioImpacts: BI
Aysa Rezabakhsh, Soheila Montazersaheb, Elahe Nabat, Mehdi Hassanpour, Azadeh Montaseri, Hassan Malekinejad, Ali Akbar Movassaghpour, Reza Rahbarghazi, Alireza Garjani
Introduction: Under the diabetic condition, sustained production of oxidative/nitrosative stress results in irreversible vascular injuries. A great number of diabetic pathologies, such as inefficient or aberrant neo-angiogenesis emerge following chronic hyperglycemic condition. Lack of enough data exists regarding hydroxychloroquine (HCQ) contribution on angiogenesis during diabetes mellitus. Methods: To better address whether HCQ could blunt or exacerbate oxidative status and angiogenesis under high glucose condition (HCG), human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs) were exposed to 30 µM HCQ in combination with 30 mM glucose over a course of 72 hours...
2017: BioImpacts: BI
Farhad Shokraneh, Clive Elliott Adams
Introduction: Despite years of use of study-based registers for storing reports of randomized controlled trials (RCTs), the methodology used in developing such registers/databases has not been documented. Such registers are integral to the process of scientific reviewing. We document and discuss methodological aspects of the development and use of study-based registers. Although the content is focused on the study-based register of randomized/controlled clinical trials, this work applies to developers of databases of all sorts of studies related to the human, animals, cells, genes, and molecules...
2017: BioImpacts: BI
Javad Shokri
Various nanomaterials/nanoparticles (NPs) have been used for the development of cosmetic products - a field so-called nanocosmetic formulations. These advanced materials offer some benefits, while their utilization in the cosmetic formulations may be associated with some risks. The main aim of this editorial is to highlight the benefits and risks of the nanomaterials used in the cosmetic products.
2017: BioImpacts: BI
Ali Mesgari-Shadi, Mohammad Hossein Sarrafzadeh
Introduction: Single chain variable fragment (scFv) antibodies are reduced forms of the whole antibodies that could be regarded as an alternative tool for diagnostic and therapeutic purposes. The optimization of processes and environmental conditions is necessary to increase the production yields and enhance the productivity. This can result in a cost-effective process and respond to the high demand for these antibodies. Methods: In this research, physical and chemical factors influencing the batch fermentation was investigated in 50 mL batch tubes using minimum media to find the optimum conditions for production of a single chain variable fragment antibody in the Escherichia coli HB2151...
2017: BioImpacts: BI
Abbas Asoudeh-Fard, Abolfazl Barzegari, Alireza Dehnad, Sepideh Bastani, Asal Golchin, Yadollah Omidi
Introduction: The oral tumor is the sixth most prevalent type of cancer worldwide and the second leading cause of cancer-related mortality. Although chemotherapy and immunotherapy are the main strategies for the treatment of oral cancer, an emergence of inevitable resistance to these treatment modalities is the major drawback that causes recurrence of the disease. Nowadays, probiotics have been suggested as adjunctive and complementary treatment modalities for improving the impacts of chemotherapy and immunotherapy agents...
2017: BioImpacts: BI
Fahad Naeem, Samiullah Khan, Aamir Jalil, Nazar Muhammad Ranjha, Amina Riaz, Malik Salman Haider, Shoaib Sarwar, Fareha Saher, Samrin Afzal
Introduction: The current work was aimed to design and synthesize novel crosslinked pH-sensitive gelatin/pectin (Ge/Pec) hydrogels using different polymeric ratios and to explore the effect of polymers and degree of crosslinking on dynamic, equilibrium swelling and in vitro release behavior of the model drug (Mannitol). Methods: The Ge/Pec based hydrogels were prepared using glutaraldehyde as the crosslinker. Various structural parameters that affect their release behavior were determined, including swelling study, porosity, sol-gel analysis, average molecular weight between crosslinks (Mc), volume fraction of polymer (V2,s), solvent interaction parameter (χ) and diffusion coefficient...
2017: BioImpacts: BI
Mina Sattari, Marziyeh Fathi, Mansour Daei, Hamid Erfan-Niya, Jaleh Barar, Ali Akbar Entezami
Introduction: Stimuli-responsive hydrogels, which indicate a significant response to the environmental change (e.g., pH, temperature, light, …), have potential applications for tissue engineering, drug delivery systems, cell therapy, artificial muscles, biosensors, etc. Among the temperature-responsive materials, poly (N-isopropylacrylamide) (PNIPAAm) based hydrogels have been widely developed and their properties can be easily tailored by manipulating the properties of the hydrogel and the composite material...
2017: BioImpacts: BI
Mohsen Salmanpour, Ali Tamaddon, Gholamhossein Yousefi, Soliman Mohammadi-Samani
Introduction: Recent advances in the field of poly (2-oxazolines) as bio-inspired synthetic pseudopeptides have proven their potential biomedical applications such as drug delivery and tissue engineering. Methods: In order to fabricate a biodegradable micellar nanoparticle of poly (2-ethyl 2-oxazoline)-b-poly (benzyl L-glutamate) or pEOx-b-pBLG, "grafting-from" synthesis approach was used involving consecutive steps of cationic ring-opening polymerization of 2-ethyl-2-oxazoline, amine functionalization of pEOx using 1-Boc-piperazine and N-carboxyanhydride polymerization of γ-benzyl- L-glutamate...
2017: BioImpacts: BI
Samaneh Rashtbari, Gholamreza Dehghan, Reza Yekta, Abolghasem Jouyban
Introduction: The study on the side effects of various drugs and compounds on enzymes is a main issue for monitoring the conformational and functional changes of them. Quercetin (3,5,7,3',4'-pentahydroxyflavone, QUE), a polyphenolic flavonoid, widely found in fruits, vegetables and it is used as an ingredient in foods and beverages. The interaction of bovine liver catalase (BLC) with QUE has been studied in this research by using different spectroscopic methods. Methods: In this work, the interaction of QUE with BLC was investigated using different spectroscopic methods including ultraviolet-visible (UV-vis) absorption, circular dichroism (CD) and fluorescence spectroscopy and molecular docking studies...
2017: BioImpacts: BI
Sarvenaz Sabouri-Rad, Reza Kazemi Oskuee, Asma Mahmoodi, Leila Gholami, Bizhan Malaekeh-Nikouei
Introduction: Cationic polymers have the potential to be modified to achieve an ideal gene vector lacking viral vector defects. The aim of the present study was to improve polyallylamine (PAA) transfection efficiency and to reduce cytotoxicity by incorporating of cell-penetrating peptides (CPPs). Methods: To prepare the peptide-based polyplexes, PAA (15 kDa) was modified with 2 peptides (TAT and CyLoP-1) by covering the 0.5% and 1% of amines. Buffer capacity and DNA condensation ability of modified polymer, particle size and zeta potential of nanoparticles, cell viability, and transfection activity of vectors were evaluated...
2017: BioImpacts: BI
Mohammad A Rafi, Abass Alavi
The issue of human lifespan has long been a matter of controversy among scientists. In spite of the recent claim by Dong et al that human lifespan is limited to 115 years, with the mounting improvements in biotechnology and scientific understanding of aging, we may be confident that aging will slow down over the course of the current century extending human longevity much longer than 115 years.
2017: BioImpacts: BI
Mohammad Reza Asgharzadeh, Jaleh Barar, Mohammad M Pourseif, Morteza Eskandani, Mojtaba Jafari Niya, Mohammad Reza Mashayekhi, Yadollah Omidi
Introduction: Cancer is an intricate disorder/dysfunction of cells that can be defined as a genetic heterogeneity in human disease. Therefore, it is characterized by several adaptive complex hallmarks. Among them, the pH dysregulation appears as a symbol of aberrant functions within the tumor microenvironment (TME). In comparison with normal tissues, in the solid tumors, we face with an irregular acidification and alkalinization of the extracellular and intracellular fluids. Methods: In this study, we comprehensively discussed the most recent reports on the hallmarks of solid tumors to provide deep insights upon the molecular machineries involved in the pH dysregulation of solid tumors and their impacts on the initiation and progression of cancer...
2017: BioImpacts: BI
Mahdi Edalati Fathabad, Morteza Karimipoor, Shaban Alizadeh, Asghar Abdoli, Amir Atashi, Mahtab Sayadi
Introduction: Chronic myelogenous leukemia (CML) is a myeloproliferative disorder caused by the Philadelphia chromosome translocation, at (9; 22), which results in BCR-ABL fusion tyrosine kinase oncoprotein. This fusion induces down-regulation of miR-155. Upregulation of miR-155 can influence cell fate via the effect on p27kip1 and apoptosis. The aim of this study was to induce apoptosis in K562 CML cell line by overexpression of miR-155. Methods: The K562 cell line was transfected with pLenti-III-pre mir155-GFP constructs through electroporation...
2017: BioImpacts: BI
Abolghasem Jouyban, Djavanshir Djozan, Parastou Mohammadandashti, Aliakbar Alizadeh-Nabil, Hooshangh Ghorbanpour, Maryam Khoubnasabjafari, Mohammad Mohammadzadeh
Introduction: A simple, rapid and low cost method for enrichment of volatile organic compounds (VOCs) from exhaled breath (EB) is presented. Methods: A 1000 mL home-made extraction device was filled with EB. The VOCs were extracted and condensed in 0.5 mL acetone. Recognition of volatiles in the real studied EB samples was performed by a GC-MS. Results: The method displays an extraction efficiency of >86% with the enrichment factor of 1929 for octanal. Limits of detection and quantification, and linear dynamic range were 0...
2017: BioImpacts: BI
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