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BioImpacts: BI

Hajie Lotfi, Roghayeh Sheervalilou, Nosratollah Zarghami
Introduction: Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) is a debilitating challenge and concern worldwide. Accessibility to highly active antiretroviral drugs is little or none for developing countries. Production of cost-effective microbicides to prevent the infection with HIV is a requirement. Cyanovirin-N (CVN) is known as a promising cyanobacterial lectin, capable of inhibiting the HIV cell entry in a highly specific manner. Methods: This review article presents an overview of attempts conducted on different expression systems for the recombinant production of CVN...
2018: BioImpacts: BI
Fahsai Kantawong, Chanidapa Saksiriwisitkul, Chanakan Riyapa, Suchalinee Limpakdee, Phenphichar Wanachantararak, Thasaneeya Kuboki
Introduction: Induced neural stem cells (iNSCs) have the ability of differentiation into neurons, astrocytes and oligodendrocytes. iNSCs are very useful in terms of research and treatment. The present study offers an idea that biomaterials could be one of the tools that could modulate reprogramming process in the fibroblasts. Methods: Gelatin biomaterials were fabricated into 3 types, including (i) gelatin, (ii) gelatin with 1 mg/mL hydroxyapatite, and (iii) gelatin with hydroxyapatite and pig brain. NIH/3T3 fibroblasts were cultured on each type of biomaterial for 7, 9 and 14 days...
2018: BioImpacts: BI
Ayuob Aghanejad, Hiwa Babamiri, Khosro Adibkia, Jaleh Barar, Yadollah Omidi
Introduction: Superparamagnetic iron oxide nanoparticles (SPIONs) can be functionalized with various agents (e.g., targeting and therapeutic agents) and used for targeted imaging/therapy of cancer. In the present study, we engineered doxorubicin (DOX)-conjugated anti-mucin -1 (MUC-1) aptamer (Ap)-armed PEGylated SPIONs for targeted delivery of DOX molecules to the breast cancer MCF-7 cells. Methods: The SPIONs were synthesized using the thermal decomposition method and modified by polyethylene glycol (PEG) to maximize their biocompatibility and minimize any undesired cytotoxicity effects...
2018: BioImpacts: BI
Yasamin Baghdadchi, Maryam Khoshkam, Mojtaba Fathi, Ahmad Jalilvand, Koorosh Fooladsaz, Ali Ramazani
Introduction: There is a fundamental need to characterize multiwalled carbon nanotubes (MWCNTs) toxicity to guarantee their safe application. Functionalized MWCNTs have recently attracted special interest in order to enhance biocompatibility. The aim of the current work was to study the underlying toxicity mechanism of the -OH-functionalized MWCNTs (MWCNTs-OH), using the powerful NMR-based metabonomics technique. Methods: Following intraperitoneal single-injection of mice with 3 doses of MWCNTs-OH and one control, samples were collected at four time points during 22-days for NMR, biochemistry, and histopathology analysis...
2018: BioImpacts: BI
Hassan Namazi, Elnaz Abdollahzadeh
Introduction: In the recent decades, starch has been modified using different methods for the various forms of applications. Some new starch derivatives were prepared through a simple and convenient method in the grafting of amino acids: L-alanine, L-leucine and L-phenyl alanine to starch. Methods: First, the amine groups of amino acids were protected using phthalic anhydride then the acidic side of amino acids were activated with chlorination using thionyl chloride, and the resultant acid chlorides were reacted with starch in aqueous media at room temperature...
2018: BioImpacts: BI
Diego Velasquez, Laurent Chaunier, Sofiane Guessasma, Frédéric Faure, Alain Bizeau, Graciela Pavon-Djavid, Anne Meddahi-Pellé, Denis Lourdin
Introduction: Starch-based materials were designed using a special extrusion die in order to obtain a tube-shaped device for application to salivary duct treatment in the field of endoscopy, i.e., sialendoscopy . Methods: Extrusion process was used to produce starch tubes. Mechanical properties of the dry tube before implantation were determined using an axial compression test. A finite element study was carried out to simulate the behavior of the hydrated tube under external axial pressure. Hydrolysis of these devices in a simulated salivary solution was studied, as well as its glycerol kinetics release...
2018: BioImpacts: BI
Mojtaba Taran, Maryam Rad, Mehran Alavi
Introduction: In the recent years, green synthesis is a novel method without some disadvantages of physical and chemical methods. In this approach, bacteria, archaebacteria, fungi, and plants may be applied without utilizing toxic and expensive materials for metal nanoparticles (MNPs) preparation. Methods: In this study, we used Taguchi method to obtain optimum conditions in titanium dioxide and zinc oxide nanoparticle (NPs) biosynthesis by Halomonas elongata IBRC-M 10214. Design and analysis of Taguchi experiments (an orthogonal assay and analysis of variance [ANOVA]) carried out by the Qualitek-4 software...
2018: BioImpacts: BI
Karim Osouli-Bostanabad, Khosro Adibkia
Layer-by-layer fabrication of three dimensional (3D) objects from digital models is called 3D printing. This technology established just about three decades ago at the confluence of materials science, chemistry, robotics, and optics researches to ease the fabrication of UV-cured resin prototypes. The 3D technology was rapidly considered as a standard instrument in the aerospace, automotive, and consumer goods production factories. Nowadays, research interests in the 3D printed products have been raised and achieved ever-increasing traction in the pharmaceutical industry; so that, the first 3D printed drug product was approved by FDA in August 2015...
2018: BioImpacts: BI
Ailar Nakhlband, Morteza Eskandani, Yadollah Omidi, Nazli Saeedi, Samad Ghaffari, Jaleh Barar, Alireza Garjani
Introduction: Cardiovascular diseases (CVDs) is recognized as the leading cause of mortality worldwide. The increasing prevalence of such disease demands novel therapeutic and diagnostic approaches to overcome associated clinical/social issues. Recent advances in nanotechnology and biological sciences have provided intriguing insights to employ targeted Nanomachines to the desired location as imaging, diagnosis, and therapeutic modalities. Nanomedicines as novel tools for enhanced drug delivery, imaging, and diagnosis strategies have shown great promise to combat cardiovascular diseases...
2018: BioImpacts: BI
Smritee Singh, Priya Mishra, Ivneet Banga, Avanish S Parmar, Prem Prakash Tripathi, Sonu Gandhi
Introduction: Continuous use of opiates causes drug-related illnesses, which poses an alarming situation to develop sensitive detection platform. In this study, a highly sensitive and reliable chemiluminescence immunoassay (CI) has been developed for the detection of heroin and its major metabolites in spiked urine samples. Methods: To develop robust immunoassay, monoacetyl morphine-bovine serum albumin (MAM-BSA) conjugate was synthesized and characterized thoroughly by physicochemical techniques. The anti-MAM antibodies were developed, labeled with horseradish peroxidase (HRP) and immunoassay was developed to detect the presence of target drug in spiked urine samples...
2018: BioImpacts: BI
Mohammad M Pourseif, Gholamali Moghaddam, Hossein Daghighkia, Ahmad Nematollahi, Yadollah Omidi
Introduction: In this study, we targeted the worm stage of Echinococcus granulosus to design a novel multi-epitope B- and helper T-cell based vaccine construct for immunization of dogs against this multi-host parasite. Methods: The vaccine was designed based on the local Eg14-3-3 antigen (Ag). DNA samples were extracted from the protoscoleces of the infected sheep's liver, and then subjected to the polymerase chain reaction (PCR) with 14-3-3 specific forward and reverse primers. For the vaccine designing, several in silico steps were undertaken...
2018: BioImpacts: BI
Masumeh Zamanlu, Morteza Eskandani, Reza Mohammadian, Nazila Entekhabi, Mohammad Rafi, Mehdi Farhoudi
Introduction: Measurement of thrombolytic activity is crucial for research and development of novel thrombolytics. It is a key factor in the assessment of the effectiveness of conventionally used thrombolytic therapies in the clinic. Previous methods used for the assessment of thrombolytic activity are often associated with some drawbacks such as being costly, time-consuming, complex with low accuracy. Here, we introduce a simple, economic, relatively accurate and fast method of spectrophotometric analysis of thrombolytic activity (SATA) assay, standardized by tissue plasminogen activator (tPA), which can quantitatively measure in vitro thrombolytic activity...
2018: BioImpacts: BI
Pavan Kumar Bellamakondi, Ashok Godavarthi, Mohammed Ibrahim
Introduction: Paracetamol is a potent hepatotoxin and may cause severe acute hepatocellular injury. The present study was intended to assess the hepatoprotective potential of Caralluma umbellata Haw. (Asclepiadaceae) ( C. umbellata ) against paracetamol-induced hepatotoxicity in vitro and in vivo experimental models. Methods: Preliminary analysis for antioxidant and hepatoprotective property was evaluated for methanolic (MCU), aqueous (ACU) and hydro methanolic (HCU) extracts of C. umbellata using in vitro cell-free antioxidant such as DPPH, ABTS, nitric oxide, lipid peroxidation models and cell-based hepatoprotective study using BRL3A cells...
2018: BioImpacts: BI
Faegheh Golabi, Mousa Shamsi, Mohammad Hosein Sedaaghi, Abolfazl Barzegar, Mohammad Saeid Hejazi
Introduction: Some non-coding RNAs have an important role in the regulation of gene expression and consequently cellular function. Riboswitches are examples of these regulatory RNAs. Riboswitches are classified into various families according to sequential and structural similarities. Methods: In this study, a block finder algorithm for identification of frequently appearing sequential blocks in five families of riboswitches from Rfam 12.0 database, without the use of alignment methods, was developed. Results: The developed program identified 21 frequently appearing blocks in five families of riboswitches...
2018: BioImpacts: BI
Navid Hosseini Mansoub, Mehmet Gürdal, Elif Karadadaş, Hilal Kabadayi, Seda Vatansever, Gulinnaz Ercan
Introduction: Diabetic burn wounds and ulcers are significant complications of diabetic patients. The aim of this study is to investigate the use of platelet rich-plasma (PRP) and/or keratinocyte-like cells (KLCs) in diabetic thermal wound rat model and to evaluate EGF, FGF-2, TGF-β1, COL1α2, MCP-1 and VEGF-α as wound healing markers at gene expression level. Method: In this study, we used adipose tissue as the source of mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) and differentiated MSCs into KLCs. KLCs were characterized and transferred to the burn areas on the dorsum of streptozotocine (STZ)-induced diabetic rats...
2018: BioImpacts: BI
Francisco Miguel Portela da Gama, Fernando Dourado
Acetic acid bacteria (AAB) have been used in various fermentation processes. Of several ABB, the bacterial nanocellulose (BNC) producers, notably Komagataeibacter xylinus , appears as an interesting species, in large part because of their ability in the secretion of cellulose as nano/microfibrils. In fact, BNC is characterized by a native nanofibrillar structure, which may outperform the currently used celluloses in the food industry as a promising novel hydrocolloid additive. During the last couple of years, a number of companies worldwide have introduced some BNC-based products to the market...
2018: BioImpacts: BI
Marziyeh Fathi, Parham Sahandi Zangabad, Sima Majidi, Jaleh Barar, Hamid Erfan-Niya, Yadollah Omidi
Introduction: Stimuli-responsive nanocarriers offer unique advantages over the traditional drug delivery systems (DDSs) in terms of targeted drug delivery and on-demand release of cargo drug molecules. Of these, chitosan (CS)-based DDSs offer several advantages such as high compatibility with biological settings. Methods: In this study, we surveyed the literature in terms of the stimuli-responsive nanocarriers and discussed the most recent advancements in terms of CS-based nanosystems and their applications in cancer therapy and diagnosis...
2017: BioImpacts: BI
Behnoosh Soghani, Asghar Ebadifar, Hamid Reza Khorram Khorshid, Koorosh Kamali, Roya Hamedi, Fatemeh Aghakhani Moghadam
Introduction: Cleft lip/palate is one of the most common congenital defects and is supposed to have multifactorial etiology, including a complex interaction between genetics and environment. Reduced folate carrier 1 ( RFC1 ) gene takes part in folate transportation within the cells. In this study, the association of A80G polymorphism in the RFC1 gene with the non-syndromic cleft lip/palate (nsCL/P) was investigated in Iranian infants for the first time. Methods: In this case-control survey, 122 Iranian infants with nsCL/P and 164 healthy infants were investigated for RFC1 polymorphism by PCR and RFLP methods...
2017: BioImpacts: BI
Arash Hajizadeh Dastjerdi, Hossein Behboudi, Zahra Kianmehr, Ali Taravati, Mohammad Mehdi Naghizadeh, Sussan Kaboudanian Ardestani, Tooba Ghazanfari
Introduction: Glutathione S-transferase (GST) is one of the major detoxifiers in alveoli. Polymorphism in GST genes can influence the ability of individuals to suppress oxidative stress and inflammation. The present study was aimed to explore the hypothesis that the genetic polymorphisms of GST T1 , M1 and P1 are associated with the severity of the mustard lung in the sulfur mustard-exposed individuals. Methods: Blood samples were taken from 185 sulfur mustard-exposed and 57 unexposed subjects. According to the stage of the mustard lung, sulfur mustard-exposed patients were categorized in the mild/moderate and severe/very severe groups...
2017: BioImpacts: BI
Jaber Dehghani, Ali Movafeghi, Abolfazl Barzegari, Jaleh Barar
Introduction: Several platforms including mammalian, plant and insect cells as well as bacteria, yeasts, and microalgae are available for the production of recombinant proteins. Low efficiency of delivery systems, extracellular and intracellular degradation of foreign genes during transformation, difficulties in targeting and importing into the nucleus, and finally problems in integration into nuclear genome are the most bottlenecks of classical plasmids for producing recombinant proteins. Owing to high growth rate, no common pathogen with humans, being utilized as humans' food, and capability to perform N-glycosylation, microalgae are proposed as an ideal system for such biotechnological approaches...
2017: BioImpacts: BI
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