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Heart Asia

Ganesan Karthikeyan
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2016: Heart Asia
Daniel Engelman, Gavin R Wheaton, Reapi L Mataika, Joseph H Kado, Samantha M Colquhoun, Bo Remenyi, Andrew C Steer
OBJECTIVES: Echocardiography is a sensitive test for rheumatic heart disease (RHD) screening; however the natural history of RHD detected on screening has not been established. We aimed to evaluate the progression of screening-detected RHD in Fiji. METHODS: All young people previously diagnosed with RHD through screening, with echocardiograms available for review, were eligible. All baseline echocardiograms were reported again. Participants underwent follow-up echocardiography...
2016: Heart Asia
Chiao Wen Lim, Sazzli Kasim, Johan Rizwal Ismail, Nicholas Yul Chye Chua, Rizmy Najme Khir, Hafisyatul Aiza Zainal Abidin, Effarezan Abdul Rahman, Mohd Kamal Mohd Arshad, Zubin Ibrahim Othman, Khalid Yusoff
BACKGROUND AND AIM: Atrial fibrillation (AF) is the most common sustained cardiac arrhythmia encountered in clinical practice. The REDISCOVER (Responding to Increasing Cardiovascular disease prevalence) study is an observational longitudinal community-based study that tracks changing lifestyles, risk factors and chronic disease in urban and rural areas of Malaysia. In this study, we aim to study the prevalence of AF and its associated risk factors. METHODS: The study was conducted between 2007 and 2014...
2016: Heart Asia
Arun Kumar Subbiah, Yogesh K Chhabra, Sandeep Mahajan
The burden of non-communicable diseases has increased exponentially over the past decade and they account for majority of the health-related morbidity and mortality worldwide. In line with this, the prevalence of chronic kidney disease (CKD) has been increasing over the years. CKD progresses through stages and it is well known that patients are more likely to die than to progress to end-stage renal disease. The presence of multiple classical and novel risk factors predisposes this group of patients to premature cardiovascular mortality...
2016: Heart Asia
Nicholas Zareifopoulos
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2016: Heart Asia
Cuomu Mingji, Igho J Onakpoya, Carl J Heneghan, Alison M Ward
BACKGROUND: The validity of blood pressure (BP)-measuring tools at very high altitudes is uncertain. Therefore, the objective of this review was to examine the degree of agreement of BP-measuring devices in Tibet. METHODS: We conducted electronic searches in Medline, Embase, Cinahl, Cochrane Library, Global Health Library and the ISI Web of Science. Randomised and observational studies were considered for inclusion. The methodological characteristics of included studies were assessed using the Quality Assessment of Diagnostic Accuracy Studies-2 criteria...
2016: Heart Asia
Ankit Kumar Sahu, Aditya Kapoor
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2016: Heart Asia
Priya Chockalingam, N Sakthi Vinayagam, N Ezhil Vani, V Chockalingam
OBJECTIVE: Coronary heart disease (CHD) is a major cause for mortality and morbidity in India but the focus on lifestyle interventions is very low. This study aims to evaluate the role of a multidisciplinary CHD prevention programme in southern India. METHODS: All patients enrolled between May 2014 and March 2016 with CHD (disease group) or with risk factors but no CHD (risk group) were included. Participants attended one-two sessions per week for 6-12 weeks; each session lasted 90-120 min, including exercise and education, and was adapted to the participants' sociocultural requirements...
2016: Heart Asia
Kenji Sadamatsu, Yoshibumi Antoku, Kensuke Ohe
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2016: Heart Asia
Jay Thakkar, Ganesan Karthikeyan, Gaurav Purohit, Swetha Thakkar, Jitender Sharma, Sunilkumar Verma, Neeraj Parakh, Sandeep Seth, Sundeep Mishra, Rakesh Yadav, Sandeep Singh, Rohina Joshi, Aravinda Thiagalingam, Clara K Chow, Julie Redfern
BACKGROUND: Coronary heart disease (CHD) is a leading cause of morbidity and mortality in India. Text message based prevention programs have demonstrated reduction in cardiovascular risk factors among patients with CHD in selected populations. Customisation is important as behaviour change is influenced by culture and linguistic context. OBJECTIVES: To customise a mobile phone text message program supporting behaviour and treatment adherence in CHD for delivery in North India...
2016: Heart Asia
Hiroko Asakai, Sofia Weskamp, Lucas Eastaugh, Yves d'Udekem, Andreas Pflaumer
OBJECTIVE: Secundum atrial septal defect (ASD) is a common congenital heart defect. There is limited data on both early and late atrioventricular (AV) block post ASD closure. The aim of this study was to determine the incidence and risk factors of AV block associated with ASD closure. METHODS: A retrospective analysis of all patients who underwent ASD closure either with a device or surgical method at the Royal Children's Hospital Melbourne between 1996 and 2010 was performed...
2016: Heart Asia
(no author information available yet)
[This corrects the article DOI: 10.1136/heartasia-2015-010666.].
2016: Heart Asia
Linda J Thomson Mangnall, David W Sibbritt, Nihaya Al-Sheyab, Robyn D Gallagher
OBJECTIVES: Globally, mechanical valves are predominant as replacements for adolescents and younger adults with rheumatic heart disease (RHD). Mechanical valve implantation necessitates lifelong antithrombotic management (warfarin) and associated lifestyle modification, with event-free survival largely dependent on international normalised therapeutic ratios (INRs) remaining within the target therapeutic range. There is limited information on factors that may influence warfarin adherence among younger people or those in resource-limited settings...
2016: Heart Asia
Songsak Kiatchoosakun, Chaiyasith Wongwipaporn, Burabha Pussadhamma
BACKGROUND: The prognostic factors of in-hospital mortality in all comers and unselected patients with ST elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) undergoing primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) have not been well established. OBJECTIVE: To identify the predictive factors of in-hospital mortality in patients with STEMI undergoing primary PCI in a tertiary heart centre. METHODS: Between January 2008 and December 2011, all patients with STEMI undergoing primary PCI were retrospectively included in this study...
2016: Heart Asia
Zixin Zhang, Quinn Pack, Ray W Squires, Francisco Lopez-Jimenez, Lujiao Yu, Randal J Thomas
OBJECTIVE: Cardiac rehabilitation (CR) improves patient outcomes in cardiovascular disease (CVD), but little is known about its current practice in China. Since China has a high CVD burden, the potential impact of CR is large. We surveyed large hospitals in China to assess the prevalence and characteristics of CR. METHODS: We carried out a cross-sectional survey of 454 large medical centres in China to ascertain the prevalence of CR, perceived barriers to CR and various other characteristics of centres with and without CR programmes...
2016: Heart Asia
Mikio Shiba, Masahiro Ieko, Osami Kawarada
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2016: Heart Asia
Leslee J Shaw, Joe X Xie, Lawrence M Phillips, Abhinav Goyal, Harmony R Reynolds, Daniel S Berman, Michael H Picard, Balram Bhargava, Gerard Devlin, Bernard R Chaitman
UNLABELLED: The exercise ECG is an integral part within the evaluation algorithm for diagnosis and risk stratification of patients with stable ischaemic heart disease (SIHD). There is evidence, both older and new, that the exercise ECG can be an effective and cost-efficient option for patients capable of performing at maximal levels of exercise with suitable resting ECG findings. In this review, we will highlight the major dilemmas in interpreting suspected coronary artery disease symptoms in women and identify optimal strategies for employing exercise ECG as a first-line diagnostic test in the SIHD evaluation algorithm...
2016: Heart Asia
Samantha Kohli, Rahul Kumar, Mohit Gupta, Sanjay Tyagi, M A Qadar Pasha
OBJECTIVE: Impairment of the renin-angiotensinogen-aldosterone system (RAAS), one of the characteristics of essential hypertension (EH), imbalances vascular homeostasis. Despite inconsistent reports on individual single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) as a major predictor of EH, interactions among RAAS genetic variants are rarely investigated. METHODS: Using SNP markers, we studied potential interactions between angiotensin 1 converting enzyme (ACE), angiotensinogen (AGT), angiotensin II-type 1 receptor (AGTR1), and α adducin (ADD1) variants and their correlation with clinical endpoints in 545 individuals with hypertension and 400 age- and ethnicity-matched unrelated controls...
2016: Heart Asia
Chen Wang, Zhi-Cheng Jing, Yi-Gao Huang, Da-Xin Zhou, Zhi-Hong Liu, Christian Meier, Sylvia Nikkho, John Curram, Peng Zhang, Jian-Guo He
OBJECTIVE: PATENT-1 and CHEST-1 were pivotal, international phase III trials assessing riociguat for pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) and chronic thromboembolic pulmonary hypertension (CTEPH). Here we compare Chinese patients from these studies with the overall populations, and report the clinical effect and safety of riociguat in Chinese patients with PAH and CTEPH. METHODS: PATENT-1 was a 12-week, randomised, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial of riociguat (maximum 2...
2016: Heart Asia
Iqbal H Jaffer, Richard P Whitlock
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2016: Heart Asia
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