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Dental Press Journal of Orthodontics

Elham S Abu Alhaija, Eman M Al-Saif, Dafi Q Taani
OBJECTIVE: To report on periodontal health knowledge and awareness among orthodontic patients and to investigate the effect of age, attitude and duration of orthodontic treatment on periodontal health awareness among orthodontic patients. METHODS: A total of 297 orthodontics patient (90 males, 207 females) with mean age of 17.7 ± 5.0 years (older then 18 years = 119, 18 years or younger = 178) were included in this study. Subjects were currently wearing upper and lower fixed orthodontic appliances for an mean period of 12...
September 2018: Dental Press Journal of Orthodontics
Michele Tepedino, Marie A Cornelis, Claudio Chimenti, Paolo M Cattaneo
INTRODUCTION: The selection of appropriate sites for miniscrew insertion is critical for clinical success. OBJECTIVES: The aim of the present study was to evaluate how interradicular spaces measured on panoramic radiograph compare with Cone-Beam Computed Tomography (CBCT), and how crowding can influence the presence of available space for miniscrew insertion, in order to define a new "safe zones" map. METHODS: A total of 80 pre-treatment panoramic radiographs and 80 CBCT scans with corresponding digital models were selected from the archives of the department of Dentistry, Aarhus University...
September 2018: Dental Press Journal of Orthodontics
Lincoln Issamu Nojima, Matilde da Cunha Gonçalves Nojima, Amanda Carneiro da Cunha, Natan Oliveira Guss, Eduardo Franzotti Sant'Anna
INTRODUCTION: Rapid maxillary expansion (RME) is the therapy of choice to correct skeletal transverse dimension in children and adolescents, associating orthopedic and dental effects. In an attempt to prevent the undesirable dentoalveolar effects and optimize the potential of skeletal expansion in individuals in advanced stages of skeletal maturation, the miniscrew-assisted rapid palatal expander (MARPE) was proposed by Lee et al. in 2010. OBJECTIVE: This paper presents a systematized protocol for selection of miniscrews indicated for MARPE, by the evaluation of cone-beam computed tomographies (CBCT)...
September 2018: Dental Press Journal of Orthodontics
Susiane Allgayer, Maurício Barbieri Mezomo
The esthetic benefits are among the main goals of orthodontic treatment; therefore, tooth extractions have been avoided as a protocol for orthodontic treatment because they may impair the facial profile. The present article discusses aspects as the magnitude and response of soft tissue profile due to changes in incisor positioning, and the effect of different sequences of premolar extraction. One case report illustrates the subject, with favorable and stable esthetic and occlusal outcomes five years after orthodontic treatment with extraction of second premolars...
September 2018: Dental Press Journal of Orthodontics
Maheen Ahmed, Attiya Shaikh, Mubassar Fida
INTRODUCTION: Numerous cephalometric analyses have been proposed to diagnose the sagittal discrepancy of the craniofacial structures. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed at evaluating the reliability and validity of different skeletal analyses for the identification of sagittal skeletal pattern. METHODS: A total of 146 subjects (males = 77; females = 69; mean age = 23.6 ± 4.6 years) were included. The ANB angle, Wits appraisal, Beta angle, AB plane angle, Downs angle of convexity and W angle were used to assess the anteroposterior skeletal pattern on lateral cephalograms...
September 2018: Dental Press Journal of Orthodontics
Ricardo Alves de Souza, Girlaine Nunes Alves, Juliana Macêdo de Mattos, Raildo da Silva Coqueiro, Matheus Melo Pithon, João Batista de Paiva
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the degree of perception of attractiveness of the smile among dentists, dental students, and lay persons in cases of agenesis of the maxillary lateral incisors replaced by canines for space closure. METHODS: A smiling front view extraoral photograph of a 20-year-old woman was digitally altered simulating agenesis and its treatment, by means of: repositioning, reshaping or bleaching the canine, and gingival contour...
September 2018: Dental Press Journal of Orthodontics
Ananto Ali Alhasyimi, Pinandi Sri Pudyani, Ikmal Hafizi
INTRODUCTION: The number of patients who seek orthodontic treatment that may have a history of tooth bleaching is increasing over the time. Bleaching may influence the decrease of the bond strength of orthodontic brackets. OBJECTIVE: To determine and prove the effect of mangosteen peel (MP) extract to reverse the reduced shear bond strength (SBS) of orthodontic brackets after bleaching. METHODS: A total of 150 maxillary first premolar teeth were randomly divided into 6 experimental groups as follow (n=25): negative-control (N: no bleaching), positive-control (P: bleaching + no treatment), and the treatment groups (bleaching + 10% sodium ascorbate (SA), 10% (MP-10), 20% (MP-20) and 40% (MP-40) MP extract gel)...
September 2018: Dental Press Journal of Orthodontics
Suzy Nomura, Karina Maria Salvatore Freitas, Paula Patrícia Cotrin da Silva, Fabricio Pinelli Valarelli, Rodrigo Hermont Cançado, Marcos Roberto de Freitas, Renata Cristina Gobbi de Oliveira, Ricardo Cesar Gobbi de Oliveira
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the smile attractiveness of different gingival zeniths by general dentists, orthodontists and laypersons and the esthetic perception in the symmetric and asymmetric changes in gingival zeniths. METHODS: Posed photographs of five patients were taken and digitally manipulated in Keynote software, in the gingival zenith region, in increments of 0.5 to 1mm in maxillary central and lateral incisors, symmetrically and asymmetrically, in nine different ways for each patient...
September 2018: Dental Press Journal of Orthodontics
Vitória de Oliveira Chami, Livia Nunes, Jonas Capelli Júnior
INTRODUCTION: The search for more aesthetic and comfortable orthodontic devices has led to an increase in the use of clear aligners. OBJECTIVE: To increase knowledge on biological mechanisms of orthodontic tooth movement using Invisalign aligners. METHODS: This study included 11 patients with a mean age of 23.6 ± 4.8 years. Cases planning included alignment and leveling of lower incisors using Invisalign aligners. Gingival crevicular fluid samples were collected from the lower incisors on the day of delivery of aligner number 1 (T0) and after 1 (T24h), 7 (T7d), and 21 (T21d) days...
September 2018: Dental Press Journal of Orthodontics
Giorgio Fiorelli, Gidalti Bueno Linhares, Maurício Tatsuei Sakima, Renato Parsekian Martins, Wislei de Oliveira
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2018: Dental Press Journal of Orthodontics
Alberto Consolaro, Renata Bianco Consolaro
In order to lead to insights and discussion on proper use of Orthodontics and Pathology-related terminology, particularly in cases of smaller-than-usual maxilla and mandible - that is, anomalous ones -, this study compared the conceptual meaning of the term "atresia." It is considered improper when referring to maxilla and mandible with deficient growth compared to development that is satisfactory enough to reach normal size. To identify smaller maxilla and mandible, the most proper and accurate term is hypoplastic maxilla or mandible...
September 2018: Dental Press Journal of Orthodontics
Flávia Artese
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2018: Dental Press Journal of Orthodontics
Adeel Tahir Kamal, Attiya Shaikh, Mubassar Fida
INTRODUCTION: Knowledge of the growth status of patients is essential to formulate and initiate a precise treatment plan. This study aimed at determining the role of calcification of permanent mandibular teeth for the assessment of skeletal maturity. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted using lateral cephalograms and dental panoramic radiographs of 360 patients (ages 7-18 years) equally divided into six groups according to cervical vertebral maturation stages...
August 1, 2018: Dental Press Journal of Orthodontics
Mohammad Behnaz, Kazem Dalaie, Hoori Mirmohammadsadeghi, Hamed Salehi, Vahid Rakhshan, Farzin Aslani
INTRODUCTION: It is recently suggested that titanium dioxide (TiO2) nanoparticles can be added to bracket luting agents in order to reduce bacterial activity and protect the enamel. However, it is not known if this addition can affect the shear bond strength (SBS) below clinically acceptable levels. Therefore, this study examined this matter within a comprehensive setup. METHODS: This in vitro experimental study was conducted on 120 extracted human premolars randomly divided into four groups (n=30): in groups 1 and 2, Transbond XT light-cured composite with or without TiO2 was applied on bracket base; in groups 3 and 4, Resilience light-cured composite with or without TiO2 was used...
August 1, 2018: Dental Press Journal of Orthodontics
Cleverson Raymundo Sbarzi Guedes, Isabel Cristina Gonçalves Leite, Marcio José da Silva Campos, Sergio Luiz Mota Júnior, Matheus Melo Phiton, Robert Willer Farinazzo Vitral
OBJECTIVE: the present study aimed at evaluating the risks and vulnerability of orthodontists to legal compensation actions and verifying the hypothesis of these health care professionals having little knowledge concerning their rights and obligations as service providers. METHODS: Three groups were formed to participate in a semi-structured interview. The first group had thirteen law professionals, the second group was composed of eleven orthodontists and the third group was made up of nine randomly selected orthodontic patients...
August 1, 2018: Dental Press Journal of Orthodontics
Renato Barcellos Rédua, Paulo César Barbosa Rédua
Hypodontia is the most prevalent craniofacial malformation in mankind. It may present a wide variety of manifestations and, depending on the number and location of missing teeth, it may affect the esthetics, mastication, speech and occlusal balance. This paper discusses the therapeutic approaches to solve this condition, describing a case report with hypodontia of one mandibular lateral incisor, which treatment option included space closure at the region of hypodontia associated with composite resin restorations in the mandibular central incisors...
August 1, 2018: Dental Press Journal of Orthodontics
Kavita Hotwani, Krishna Sharma, Arpan Jaiswal
OBJECTIVE: The present study was an attempt to investigate tongue/mandible volume ratio in children, using volumetric magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) for early screening and to aid in treatment planning. METHODS: Volumetric evaluation of tongue volume/mandible volume ratio (TV/MV ratio) in children with obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) using MRI was carried out retrospectively on available DICOM MR images of children in the age group of 10-14 years. MRI image records of patients diagnosed with OSA were obtained from interventional radiology department records, at Sharad Pawar Dental College and Hospital (Datta Meghe Institute of Medical Sciences, Nagpur/India)...
August 1, 2018: Dental Press Journal of Orthodontics
Anderson Barbosa de Almeida, Isabel Cristina Gonçalves Leite, Girlene Alves da Silva
INTRODUCTION: Research in Orthodontics has historically followed the positivist model based on the direct relationship of cause and effect between diseases and their specific etiological factors. Despite the objectivity and the great potential of statistical procedures, quantitative methods have progressively been sharing space with other models that can encompass the multiplicity of factors that affect the health-disease process, which until such time was reduced to its biological dimension...
August 1, 2018: Dental Press Journal of Orthodontics
María Salcedo Lara, Rocío Briones Rodríguez, María Biedma Perea, Beatriz Solano Mendoza
OBJECTIVE: The present article aims at reporting the clinical case of a patient who suffered trauma at two years of age, causing almost complete apical displacement of the deciduous maxillary left central incisor and of the permanent incisor. METHODS: Ectopia secondary to intrusion was minimized by surgical removal of the ectopic tooth, and the left permanent canine was submitted to orthodontic traction to replace the extracted tooth. RESULTS: The treatment period lasted 36 months, resulting in correct occlusion and a good aesthetic outcome...
August 1, 2018: Dental Press Journal of Orthodontics
Olivia de Freitas Mendes Martins, Cauby Maia Chaves Junior, Rowdley Robert Pereira Rossi, Paulo Afonso Cunali, Cibele Dal-Fabbro, Lia Bittencourt
INTRODUCTION: Occlusal side effects or development of pain and/or functional impairment of the temporomandibular complex are potential reasons for poor compliance or abandonment of mandibular advancement splints treatment for snoring and obstructive sleep apnea. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed at providing a comprehensive review evaluating the craniofacial side effects of oral appliance therapy for snoring and obstructive sleep apnea. METHODS: An electronic search was systematically conducted in PubMed and Virtual Health Library from their inception until October 2016...
August 1, 2018: Dental Press Journal of Orthodontics
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