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Pharmacy Practice

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28503228/network-meta-analysis-a-technique-to-gather-evidence-from-direct-and-indirect-comparisons
#1
Fernanda S Tonin, Inajara Rotta, Antonio M Mendes, Roberto Pontarolo
Systematic reviews and pairwise meta-analyses of randomized controlled trials, at the intersection of clinical medicine, epidemiology and statistics, are positioned at the top of evidence-based practice hierarchy. These are important tools to base drugs approval, clinical protocols and guidelines formulation and for decision-making. However, this traditional technique only partially yield information that clinicians, patients and policy-makers need to make informed decisions, since it usually compares only two interventions at the time...
January 2017: Pharmacy Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28503227/relationship-between-pharmacy-residency-examination-rank-and-specialty-choice-for-french-pharmacy-residency-admitted-students
#2
Olivier Fardel
OBJECTIVE: To analyze the link between the rank at the national pharmacy residency examination and the choice of pharmacy specialty for hospital residency-admitted French pharmacy students. METHODS: Examination ranks as well as the pharmacy residency specialty to which residency candidates are finally admitted were collected for all students (n=1948) having successfully passed the national French pharmacy residency examination over the period 2013-2016. Students were categorized by their pharmacy specialty for residency, i...
January 2017: Pharmacy Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28503226/consumer-views-on-safety-of-over-the-counter-drugs-preferred-retailers-and-information-sources-in-sweden-after-re-regulation-of-the-pharmacy-market
#3
Tommy Westerlund, Sahra Barzi, Cecilia Bernsten
BACKGROUND: The availability of over-the-counter drugs (OTCs) has increased in Sweden since a re-regulation of the pharmacy market in 2009, through which non-pharmacy retailers became permitted to provide certain OTCs. OBJECTIVE: To examine the adult general public's views on safety, purchasing and information channels, storage and disposal of OTCs in Sweden, three years after the re-regulation of the pharmacy market. METHODS: A questionnaire study in 2012-13 in a stratified, random sample of all inhabitants in Sweden ≥ 18 years old...
January 2017: Pharmacy Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28503225/self-reported-and-actual-involvement-of-community-pharmacists-in-patient-counseling-a-cross-sectional-and-simulated-patient-study-in-gondar-ethiopia
#4
Abdrrahman S Surur, Eyob Getachew, Ebsa Teressa, Bisrat Hailemeskel, Nurahmed S Getaw, Daniel A Erku
BACKGROUND: Community pharmacists play a crucial role in reducing medication related health problems and improving the patient's overall wellbeing. Evidence suggests that community pharmacist led counseling services result in a better clinical and self-reported outcome, including a higher level of satisfaction and quality of life. OBJECTIVE: This study aims to document self-reported and actual levels of community pharmacists' involvement in the provision of patient counseling and barriers that limit their involvement in such services...
January 2017: Pharmacy Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28503224/psychometric-properties-of-the-belief-about-medicines-questionnaire-bmq-in-the-maltese-language
#5
Ingrid Gatt, Lorna M West, Neville Calleja, Charles Briffa, Maria Cordina
BACKGROUND: Investigating beliefs about medicines has been of interest over the past years, with studies aiming to better understand theoretical reasons behind development of such beliefs. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to produce a culturally and contextually appropriate version of the Beliefs about Medicines Questionnaire (BMQ) in the Maltese language and to assess its psychometric properties. METHODS: Medication beliefs were evaluated using the BMQ which is divided into two sections: BMQ-General (sub-scales: Overuse and Harm, 4 items per sub-scale) and BMQ-Specific (sub-scales: Necessity and Concerns, 5 items per sub-scale)...
January 2017: Pharmacy Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28503223/hospital-and-community-pharmacists-perception-of-the-scope-barriers-and-challenges-of-pharmacy-practice-based-research-in-nigeria
#6
Titilayo O Fakeye, Rasaq Adisa, Rashidat T Olukotun, Paul K Morawo
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate perception, extent of involvement and barriers to pharmacy practice-based research among community and hospital pharmacists in Ibadan, Oyo state, southwestern Nigeria. METHODS: A prospective cross-sectional study was carried out among 65 hospital and 86 community pharmacists with at least five-year post-qualification experience, using pre-tested questionnaire. Socio-demographic information, extent of involvement, relevance and scope, as well as barriers to pharmacy practice-based research were explored...
January 2017: Pharmacy Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28503222/olanzapine-for-chemotherapy-induced-nausea-and-vomiting-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#7
Legese Chelkeba, Kidu Gidey, Ayele Mamo, Berhane Yohannes, Tsehay Matso, Tsegaye Melaku
BACKGROUND: Chemotherapy induced nausea and vomiting (CINV) remains the most distressing event in patients receiving highly emetogenic chemotherapy (HEC) or moderately emetogenic chemotherapy (MEC). OBJECTIVE: Therefore, this meta-analysis was conducted to evaluate the efficacy of olanzapine containing regimen in preventing acute, delayed and overall phases of CINV. METHODS: PubMed, EBSCO, and Cochrane central register of controlled trials electronic databases were searched to identify RCTs that compared the effects of olanzapine with non-olanzapine regimen in preventing CINV...
January 2017: Pharmacy Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28503221/management-of-musculoskeletal-pain-in-retail-drug-outlets-within-a-nigerian-community-a-descriptive-study
#8
Samirah N Abdu-Aguye, Aishatu Shehu, Ubaidullah I Ahmad
OBJECTIVE: This work aimed to describe attitudes and practices of both community pharmacies and patent and proprietary medicine vendor (PPMV) outlets towards over-the-counter (OTC) analgesic use for musculoskeletal pain states within Zaria, Nigeria. METHODS: The study was carried out in 2 phases from May to August 2016. Phase one was a cross-sectional survey of 40 retail drug outlets (10 community pharmacies and 30 PPMVs). A simulated patient scenario of a young adult male complaining of acute onset back pain was used to collect data on the type and quality of analgesic recommended, duration of consultation, as well as nature of information provided during the drug dispensing process...
January 2017: Pharmacy Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28503220/medication-reconciliation-errors-in-a-tertiary-care-hospital-in-saudi-arabia-admission-discrepancies-and-risk-factors
#9
Faizan Mazhar, Shahzad Akram, Yousif A Al-Osaimi, Nafis Haider
BACKGROUND: Medication reconciliation is a major component of safe patient care. One of the main problems in the implementation of a medication reconciliation process is the lack of human resources. With limited resources, it is better to target medication reconciliation resources to patients who will derive the most benefit from it. OBJECTIVE: The primary objective of this study was to determine the frequency and types of medication reconciliation errors identified by pharmacists performing medication reconciliation at admission...
January 2017: Pharmacy Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28503219/situation-analysis-of-community-pharmacy-owners-in-lebanon
#10
Souheil Hallit, Rony M Zeenny, Georges Sili, Pascale Salameh
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the current community pharmacists' interventions and job satisfaction, secondary to the alteration in the financial rewards. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was carried out, using a proportionate random sample of Lebanese community pharmacy owners from all districts of Lebanon. RESULTS: Out of 1618 distributed questionnaires, 1465 (90.5%) were collected back from pharmacy owners. Our study results showed that the monthly sales and profit decreased significantly in the last decade as well as the number of loyal customers (p<0...
January 2017: Pharmacy Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28503218/impact-of-value-added-services-on-patient-waiting-time-at-the-ambulatory-pharmacy-queen-elizabeth-hospital
#11
Benjamin C Loh, Kheng F Wah, Carolyn A Teo, Nadia M Khairuddin, Fairenna B Fairuz, Jerry E Liew
BACKGROUND: Value added services (VAS) are an innovative dispensing system created to provide an alternative means of collecting partial drug supply from our hospital. This in turn was projected to reduce the necessity for patient to visit pharmacy counter and thus reduce the burden of prescription handling. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the impact of increased VAS uptake following promotional campaign towards patient waiting time and to explore factors that may affect patient waiting time at the Ambulatory Pharmacy, Queen Elizabeth Hospital...
January 2017: Pharmacy Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28503217/assessment-and-use-of-drug-information-references-in-utah-pharmacies
#12
Krystal L Moorman, Elyse A Macdonald, Anthony Trovato, Casey R Tak
OBJECTIVE: To determine which drug references Utah pharmacists use most frequently. To determine which types of drug information questions are most commonly asked, and whether Utah pharmacists have access to adequate references to respond to these questions. METHODS: A 19-question survey was created using Qualtrics, LLC (Provo, Utah) software. An electronic survey link was sent to 1,431 pharmacists with a valid e-mail address listed in the Department of Professional Licensing database...
January 2017: Pharmacy Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28503216/public-knowledge-attitudes-and-practices-regarding-antibiotic-use-in-kosovo
#13
Drita Zajmi, Merita Berisha, Ilir Begolli, Rina Hoxha, Rukije Mehmeti, Gjyle Mulliqi-Osmani, Arsim Kurti, Afrim Loku, Lul Raka
BACKGROUND: Antimicrobial resistance is becoming a major public health challenge worldwide, caused primarily by the misuse of antibiotics. Antibiotic use is closely related to the knowledge, attitudes and behaviour of a population. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to assess the level of knowledge, attitudes and practices about antibiotic use among the general public in Kosovo. METHODS: A cross-sectional face-to-face survey was carried out with a sample of 811 randomly selected Kosovo residents...
January 2017: Pharmacy Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28042359/non-prescription-proton-pump-inhibitors-for-self-treating-frequent-heartburn-the-role-of-the-canadian-pharmacist
#14
David Armstrong, Nardine Nakhla
Heartburn and acid regurgitation are the cardinal symptoms of gastroesophageal reflux and occur commonly in the Canadian population. Multiple non-prescription treatment options are available for managing these symptoms, including antacids, alginates, histamine-H2 receptor antagonists (H2RAs), and proton-pump inhibitors (PPIs). As a result, pharmacists are ideally positioned to recommend appropriate treatment options based upon an individual's needs and presenting symptoms, prior treatment response, comorbid medical conditions, and other relevant factors...
October 2016: Pharmacy Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28042358/building-intentions-with-the-theory-of-planned-behaviour-the-mediating-role-of-knowledge-and-expectations-in-implementing-new-pharmaceutical-services-in-malaysia
#15
Christine L Tan, Vincent B Gan, Fahad Saleem, Mohamed A Hassali
BACKGROUND: Pharmacy value added services (PVAS) was introduced as a matter of public health policy by Malaysia's Ministry of Health to improve health outcomes through public healthcare services. For example, drive through pharmacy services is a major policy implementation of the Ministry. However, adoption rates are low and therefore hampering the achievement of national health policy goals. OBJECTIVE: Our objective is to explore the key determinants and mediators of successful implementation of new public pharmaceutical services by investigating the cognitive perspectives of patients' intentions to adopt with the Theory of Planned Behavior as the theoretical framework...
October 2016: Pharmacy Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28042357/analysis-of-ten-years-of-publishing-in-pharmacy-practice
#16
Antonio E Mendes, Fernanda S Tonin, Fernando Fernandez-Llimos
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study is to characterize the patterns and trends in the editorial process and features of the first decade of Pharmacy Practice, with the final goal of initiating a benchmarking process to enhance the quality of the journal. METHODS: Metadata of all of the articles published from 2006 issue #3 to 2016 issue #2 were extracted from PubMed and complemented by a manual data extraction process on the full-text articles. Citations of these articles were retrieved from Web of Science (WOS), Scopus, and Google Scholar on August 15, 2016...
October 2016: Pharmacy Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28042356/assessment-of-pharmacists-delivery-of-public-health-services-in-rural-and-urban-areas-in-iowa-and-north-dakota
#17
David M Scott, Mark Strand, Teri Undem, Gabrielle Anderson, Andrea Clarens, Xiyuan Liu
BACKGROUND: The profession of pharmacy is expanding its involvement in public health, but few studies have examined pharmacists' delivery of public health services. OBJECTIVE: To assess Iowa and North Dakota pharmacists' practices, frequency of public health service delivery, level of involvement in achieving the essential services of public health, and barriers to expansion of public health services in rural and urban areas. METHODS: This study implemented an on-line survey sent to all pharmacists currently practicing pharmacy in Iowa and North Dakota...
October 2016: Pharmacy Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28042355/effects-of-the-addition-of-acarbose-to-insulin-and-non-insulin-regimens-in-veterans-with-type-2-diabetes-mellitus
#18
Sara A Wettergreen, Shaila Sheth, Janeca Malveaux
OBJECTIVES: The primary objective of the study was to assess the mean change in hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c) when acarbose was added to insulin and non-insulin regimens in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). Secondary objectives were to evaluate the discontinuation rate of acarbose, and to assess the number of patients who were placed on insulin despite the addition of acarbose. METHODS: A retrospective chart review was conducted on veterans with T2DM initiated on acarbose between October 1, 2013 and December 31, 2013...
October 2016: Pharmacy Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28042354/simplification-of-haart-therapy-on-ambulatory-hiv-patients-in-malaysia-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#19
Tineshwaran Velvanathan, Farida Islahudin, Benedict L Sim, Nur A Taha
OBJECTIVE: Evaluate the impact of fixed-dose combination (FDC) containing emtricitabine (FTC), tenofovir (TDF), and efavirenz (EFV) versus a free-dose combination (FRC) of the same three drugs on clinical outcomes, adherence and quality of life in Malaysian outpatients with HIV. METHODS: HIV patients (n=120) on highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) in the infectious disease clinic of Hospital Sungai Buloh were randomized to either FDC (n=60) or FRC (n=60)...
October 2016: Pharmacy Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28042353/immunosuppressive-therapy-after-solid-organ-transplantation-does-the-intermed-identify-patients-at-risk-of-poor-adherence
#20
Laurent Michaud, Gundula Ludwig, Sylvie Berney, Stéphanie Rodrigues, Anne Niquille, Valérie Santschi, Anne-Sophie Favre, Anne-Catherine Lange, Annemieke A Michels, Bernard Vrijens, Olivier Bugnon, Nathalie Pilon, Manuel Pascual, Jean-Pierre Venetz, Friedrich Stiefel, Marie-Paule Schneider
BACKGROUND: Lack of adherence to medication is a trigger of graft rejection in solid-organ transplant (SOT) recipients. OBJECTIVE: This exploratory study aimed to assess whether a biopsychosocial evaluation using the INTERMED instrument before transplantation could identify SOT recipients at risk of suboptimal post-transplantation adherence to immunosuppressant drugs. We hypothesized that complex patients (INTERMED>20) might have lower medication adherence than noncomplex patients (INTERMED≤20)...
October 2016: Pharmacy Practice
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