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Pharmacy Practice

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28042359/non-prescription-proton-pump-inhibitors-for-self-treating-frequent-heartburn-the-role-of-the-canadian-pharmacist
#1
David Armstrong, Nardine Nakhla
Heartburn and acid regurgitation are the cardinal symptoms of gastroesophageal reflux and occur commonly in the Canadian population. Multiple non-prescription treatment options are available for managing these symptoms, including antacids, alginates, histamine-H2 receptor antagonists (H2RAs), and proton-pump inhibitors (PPIs). As a result, pharmacists are ideally positioned to recommend appropriate treatment options based upon an individual's needs and presenting symptoms, prior treatment response, comorbid medical conditions, and other relevant factors...
October 2016: Pharmacy Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28042358/building-intentions-with-the-theory-of-planned-behaviour-the-mediating-role-of-knowledge-and-expectations-in-implementing-new-pharmaceutical-services-in-malaysia
#2
Christine L Tan, Vincent B Gan, Fahad Saleem, Mohamed A Hassali
BACKGROUND: Pharmacy value added services (PVAS) was introduced as a matter of public health policy by Malaysia's Ministry of Health to improve health outcomes through public healthcare services. For example, drive through pharmacy services is a major policy implementation of the Ministry. However, adoption rates are low and therefore hampering the achievement of national health policy goals. OBJECTIVE: Our objective is to explore the key determinants and mediators of successful implementation of new public pharmaceutical services by investigating the cognitive perspectives of patients' intentions to adopt with the Theory of Planned Behavior as the theoretical framework...
October 2016: Pharmacy Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28042357/analysis-of-ten-years-of-publishing-in-pharmacy-practice
#3
Antonio E Mendes, Fernanda S Tonin, Fernando Fernandez-Llimos
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study is to characterize the patterns and trends in the editorial process and features of the first decade of Pharmacy Practice, with the final goal of initiating a benchmarking process to enhance the quality of the journal. METHODS: Metadata of all of the articles published from 2006 issue #3 to 2016 issue #2 were extracted from PubMed and complemented by a manual data extraction process on the full-text articles. Citations of these articles were retrieved from Web of Science (WOS), Scopus, and Google Scholar on August 15, 2016...
October 2016: Pharmacy Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28042356/assessment-of-pharmacists-delivery-of-public-health-services-in-rural-and-urban-areas-in-iowa-and-north-dakota
#4
David M Scott, Mark Strand, Teri Undem, Gabrielle Anderson, Andrea Clarens, Xiyuan Liu
BACKGROUND: The profession of pharmacy is expanding its involvement in public health, but few studies have examined pharmacists' delivery of public health services. OBJECTIVE: To assess Iowa and North Dakota pharmacists' practices, frequency of public health service delivery, level of involvement in achieving the essential services of public health, and barriers to expansion of public health services in rural and urban areas. METHODS: This study implemented an on-line survey sent to all pharmacists currently practicing pharmacy in Iowa and North Dakota...
October 2016: Pharmacy Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28042355/effects-of-the-addition-of-acarbose-to-insulin-and-non-insulin-regimens-in-veterans-with-type-2-diabetes-mellitus
#5
Sara A Wettergreen, Shaila Sheth, Janeca Malveaux
OBJECTIVES: The primary objective of the study was to assess the mean change in hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c) when acarbose was added to insulin and non-insulin regimens in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). Secondary objectives were to evaluate the discontinuation rate of acarbose, and to assess the number of patients who were placed on insulin despite the addition of acarbose. METHODS: A retrospective chart review was conducted on veterans with T2DM initiated on acarbose between October 1, 2013 and December 31, 2013...
October 2016: Pharmacy Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28042354/simplification-of-haart-therapy-on-ambulatory-hiv-patients-in-malaysia-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#6
Tineshwaran Velvanathan, Farida Islahudin, Benedict L Sim, Nur A Taha
OBJECTIVE: Evaluate the impact of fixed-dose combination (FDC) containing emtricitabine (FTC), tenofovir (TDF), and efavirenz (EFV) versus a free-dose combination (FRC) of the same three drugs on clinical outcomes, adherence and quality of life in Malaysian outpatients with HIV. METHODS: HIV patients (n=120) on highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) in the infectious disease clinic of Hospital Sungai Buloh were randomized to either FDC (n=60) or FRC (n=60)...
October 2016: Pharmacy Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28042353/immunosuppressive-therapy-after-solid-organ-transplantation-does-the-intermed-identify-patients-at-risk-of-poor-adherence
#7
Laurent Michaud, Gundula Ludwig, Sylvie Berney, Stéphanie Rodrigues, Anne Niquille, Valérie Santschi, Anne-Sophie Favre, Anne-Catherine Lange, Annemieke A Michels, Bernard Vrijens, Olivier Bugnon, Nathalie Pilon, Manuel Pascual, Jean-Pierre Venetz, Friedrich Stiefel, Marie-Paule Schneider
BACKGROUND: Lack of adherence to medication is a trigger of graft rejection in solid-organ transplant (SOT) recipients. OBJECTIVE: This exploratory study aimed to assess whether a biopsychosocial evaluation using the INTERMED instrument before transplantation could identify SOT recipients at risk of suboptimal post-transplantation adherence to immunosuppressant drugs. We hypothesized that complex patients (INTERMED>20) might have lower medication adherence than noncomplex patients (INTERMED≤20)...
October 2016: Pharmacy Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28042352/potentially-inappropriate-prescribing-andthe-risk-of-adverse-drug-reactions-in-critically-ill-older-adults
#8
Thamires B Galli, Wálleri C Reis, Vânia M Andrzejevski
BACKGROUND: Potentially inappropriate medication (PIM) use in the elderly is associated with increased risk of adverse drug reactions (ADRs), but there is limited information regarding PIM use in the intensive care unit (ICU) setting. OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study is to describe the prevalence and factors associated with the use of PIM and the occurrence of PIM-related adverse reactions in the critically ill elderly. METHODS: This study enrolled all critically ill older adults (60 years or more) admitted to medical or cardiovascular ICUs between January and December 2013, in a large tertiary teaching hospital...
October 2016: Pharmacy Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28042351/evaluating-community-pharmacy-practice-in-qatar-using-simulated-patient-method-acute-gastroenteritis-management
#9
Mohamed I Ibrahim, Subish Palaian, Fatima Al-Sulaiti, Somia El-Shami
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate Qatari pharmacists' prescribing, labeling, dispensing and counseling practices in response to acute community-acquired gastroenteritis. METHODS: The simulated patient method was used in this study. Thirty pharmacies in Doha were randomly selected and further randomized into two groups: Face-to-Face (n=15) vs. Telephone-call (n=15) per simulated patient; 2 simulated patients were involved. Prescribing, labeling, dispensing and counseling practices were assessed...
October 2016: Pharmacy Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28042350/evaluating-the-practice-of-iranian-community-pharmacists-regarding-oral-contraceptive-pills-using-simulated-patients
#10
Nazanin Foroutan, Fatemeh Dabaghzadeh
BACKGROUND: As oral contraceptive pills are available over the counter in pharmacies, pharmacists are professionally responsible for checking and informing patients about every aspect of taking these drugs. Simulated patient method is a new and robust way to evaluate professional performance of pharmacists. OBJECTIVE: The aim of the present study was to evaluate the pharmacy practice of Iranian pharmacists regarding over-the-counter use of oral contraceptive pills using simulated patient method...
October 2016: Pharmacy Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27785170/bradford-s-law-the-long-tail-principle-and-transparency-in-journal-impact-factor-calculations
#11
Fernando Fernandez-Llimos
Beyond the commonly mentioned limitations of the Journal Impact Factor, we discuss the obsolete principle of selecting journals to create a fake-representative sample of 'journals that matter' and the opacity around the calculation and listing of Impact Factors. We use the example of Pharmacy Practice: in 2015 for illustration. We hypothesize that a business-oriented system of measuring the science and quality of scholarly journals may not be the best option to avoid biases and conflicts of interest.
July 2016: Pharmacy Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27785169/non-prescription-dispensing-of-emergency-oral-contraceptives-recommendations-from-the-german-federal-chamber-of-pharmacists-bundesapothekerkammer
#12
Martin Schulz, Ralf Goebel, Claudia Schumann, Petra Zagermann-Muncke
BACKGROUND: Emergency hormonal contraceptives (EHC) are contraceptives used to prevent unintended pregnancy following unprotected sexual intercourse (USI) or contraceptive failure. The EHCs available without a prescription include medicines containing levonorgestrel (LNG) in more than 80 countries and, recently, based on an EU-switch ellaOne®, which contains ulipristal acetate (UPA). EHCs work by stopping or delaying ovulation. Those containing LNG can be used up to 72 hours after USI or contraceptive failure, while UPA can be used up to 120 hours...
July 2016: Pharmacy Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27785168/chronic-disease-medications-and-lifestyle-perceptions-from-a-regional-victorian-aboriginal-community
#13
Melissa Deacon-Crouch, Isabelle Skinner, Mo Connelly, Joseph Tucci
BACKGROUND: Poor medication management may contribute to the increased morbidity and mortality of Aboriginal people in Australia. Yet while there is extensive literature about the perceptions of healthcare providers on this issue, there is limited information on the perceptions of Aboriginal people themselves. OBJECTIVES: To investigate the perceptions of a group of Aboriginal people attending a Victorian regional Aboriginal Health Service (AHS) with diagnosed medical conditions requiring medications, of their lifestyle, disease management and medication usage...
July 2016: Pharmacy Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27785167/pharmacists-perceptions-of-advancing-public-health-priorities-through-medication-therapy-management
#14
Lucas M Casserlie, Natalie A Dipietro Mager
BACKGROUND: Public health priorities can be addressed by pharmacists through channels such as medication therapy management (MTM) to optimize patient and population outcomes. However, no studies have specifically assessed pharmacists' perceptions of addressing public health priorities through MTM. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to assess pharmacists' opinions regarding the feasibility and appropriateness of addressing seven areas of public health priority through MTM services to impact public health in direct patient care settings...
July 2016: Pharmacy Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27785166/evaluation-of-pharmaceutical-concerns-in-germany-frequency-and-potential-reasons
#15
Gabriele Gradl, Eva-Maria Krieg, Martin Schulz
BACKGROUND: Generic substitution can have unintended consequences. In Germany, brand name to generic or generic to generic switching is mainly driven by rebate contracts. Frequent switching may raise concerns about bio- and therapeutic equivalence. Expected patient confusion may result in compromised medication adherence or new onset of other drug-related problems. Since 2008, pharmacists are allowed to deviate from rebate contracts by denying substitution due to pharmaceutical concerns on an individual basis...
July 2016: Pharmacy Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27785165/a-pharmacy-based-medication-reconciliation-and-review-program-in-hemodialysis-patients-a-prospective-study
#16
Nicholas J Patricia, Edward F Foote
BACKGROUND: Hemodialysis (HD) patients are on multiple medications, see many prescribers and have many hospitalizations which put them at risk for medication record discrepancies and medication related problems (MRP). Being able to effectively identify and reconcile these medication issues is crucial in reducing hospitalizations, morbidities, and mortalities. The care of the hemodialysis patients can be enhanced by incorporating a pharmacist into the interprofessional team. There is little data in the literature on medication record discrepancies and MRP's in dialysis patients...
July 2016: Pharmacy Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27785164/purchasing-over-the-counter-medicines-from-australian-pharmacy-what-do-the-pharmacy-customers-value-and-expect
#17
Vincent Chan, Hung Tran
BACKGROUND: Over-the-counter medicines (OTC) are widely available and can be purchased without a prescription. Their availability means that a customer may choose to purchase them without the involvement of a pharmacy/pharmacist. It is important to understand customer OTC purchasing perceptions and behaviour from a pharmacy to better understand the needs and opportunities in this space. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to examine customers' key expectations and what they value when purchasing OTC and how the effect of health status/stress and perceived risks/benefits of purchasing OTCs from a pharmacy may influence their OTC shopping behaviour...
July 2016: Pharmacy Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27785163/patients-perception-of-pharmaceutical-services-available-in-a-community-pharmacy-among-patients-living-in-a-rural-area-of-the-united-kingdom
#18
Piotr Merks, Damian ŚWieczkowski, Miłosz J Jaguszewski
OBJECTIVE: Patients' opinion about prevalence of pharmaceutical services available in a community pharmacy among patients living in a rural area of the United Kingdom. The secondary objective was to identify appropriate action(s) to enhance patients' awareness of pharmaceutical services in rural areas. METHODS: A self-administered, anonymous questionnaire was distributed to patients visiting a community pharmacy in Eye, Suffolk, United Kingdom between July and August, 2015...
July 2016: Pharmacy Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27785162/assessment-of-texan-pharmacists-attitudes-behaviors-and-preferences-related-to-continuing-pharmacy-education
#19
Fadi M Alkhateeb, Omar F Attarabeen, Sarah Alameddine
BACKGROUND: Whether the available Continuing Education (CE) programs meet pharmacists' continuously increasing needs and preferences is open to question. OBJECTIVES: to investigate pharmacists' perceptions and attitudes concerning available CE programs, evaluate the pharmacists' choices with regard to selecting among different CE programs, and investigate the factors that are associated with preference to utilize online CE programs. METHOD: A 17-question survey was developed and mailed to a random sample of 600 Texan pharmacists...
July 2016: Pharmacy Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27785161/a-qualitative-study-exploring-physicians-perceptions-on-the-role-of-community-pharmacists-in-dubai
#20
Ibrahim K Rayes, Abduelmula R Abduelkarem
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study is to explore the perceptions of physicians operating within the boundaries of Dubai on the role of community pharmacists. METHODS: Semi-structured interviews were done with 12 physicians working within the boundaries of Dubai Health Authority. Interviews mainly focused on understanding the perceptions of physicians on the role of community pharmacists in addition to willingness to integrating pharmacists in patient care process...
July 2016: Pharmacy Practice
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