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Pharmacy Practice

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29619142/scholarly-publishing-depends-on-peer-reviewers
#1
Fernando Fernandez-Llimos
The peer-review crisis is posing a risk to the scholarly peer-reviewed journal system. Journals have to ask many potential peer reviewers to obtain a minimum acceptable number of peers accepting reviewing a manuscript. Several solutions have been suggested to overcome this shortage. From reimbursing for the job, to eliminating pre-publication reviews, one cannot predict which is more dangerous for the future of scholarly publishing. And, why not acknowledging their contribution to the final version of the article published? PubMed created two categories of contributors: authors [AU] and collaborators [IR]...
January 2018: Pharmacy Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29619141/nigerian-pharmacists-self-perceived-competence-and-confidence-to-plan-and-conduct-pharmacy-practice-research
#2
Usman Abubakar, Syed A Sulaiman, Mohammad N Usman, Muhammad D Umar
Background: Recent studies have revealed that pharmacists have interest in conducting research. However, lack of confidence is a major barrier. Objective: This study evaluated pharmacists' self-perceived competence and confidence to plan and conduct health-related research. Method: This cross sectional study was conducted during the 89th Annual National Conference of the Pharmaceutical Society of Nigeria in November 2016. An adapted questionnaire was validated and administered to 200 pharmacist delegates during the conference...
January 2018: Pharmacy Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29619140/challenges-and-opportunities-of-clinical-pharmacy-services-in-ethiopia-a-qualitative-study-from-healthcare-practitioners-perspective
#3
Henok G Tegegn, Ousman A Abdela, Abebe B Mekuria, Akshaya S Bhagavathula, Asnakew A Ayele
Background: Currently, clinical pharmacists have in-depth therapeutic knowledge and scientific skills to act as drug therapy experts in healthcare settings. Objective: The aim of this study was to assess the opportunities and challenges of clinical pharmacy services from the health practitioners' perspective in University of Gondar (UOG) hospital Ethiopia. Methods: A qualitative study was performed using face-to-face in-depth interviews with health practitioners who were directly involved in clinical pharmacy services (clinical pharmacists, physicians, and nurses) in UOG hospital...
January 2018: Pharmacy Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29619139/factors-associated-with-smoking-cessation-success-in-lebanon
#4
Zeina A Bacha, Nelly Layoun, Georges Khayat, Souheil Allit
Objective: The objective is to assess factors associated with the success rate of smoking cessation among Lebanese smokers in a smoking cessation center. Methods: A cross-sectional data study, conducted between March 2014 and March 2016 in an outpatient smoking cessation center with 156 enrolled patients. The patient's nicotine dependence and motivation to quit smoking were evaluated according to the Fagerstrom Test for Nicotine Dependence and Richmond tests respectively...
January 2018: Pharmacy Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29619138/an-assessment-of-the-impact-of-entrepreneurial-skills-of-community-pharmacists-on-pharmaceutical-business-performance-in-jos-metropolis-nigeria
#5
Iyeseun O Asieba, Teresa M Nmadu
Background: Community pharmacy has been a lucrative area of practice for pharmacists in Jos, Nigeria, until about the turn of the millennium where a decline in viability of the business has been observed. Objective: This study assessed the entrepreneurial skills of community pharmacists, the business performance of community pharmacies and the impact of their entrepreneurial skills on business performance. Methods: A cross sectional survey was conducted by administering a pretested questionnaire to 30 community pharmacists in Jos...
January 2018: Pharmacy Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29619137/attitudes-towards-continuous-professional-development-a-study-of-pharmacists-in-lebanon
#6
Sylvia Saade, Fatima Ghazala, Ali Farhat, Souheil Hallit
Objective: To investigate the views and assess motivation, attitudes of pharmacists in Lebanon towards mandatory continuous education (CE), its transition to Continuous Professional Development (CPD), and identify barriers to participation in CPD. Methods: A cross-sectional observational study, conducted between February and May 2017, enrolled 591 pharmacists. The questionnaire used in this study was developed after an extensive literature review and based on previous similar studies in different countries...
January 2018: Pharmacy Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29619136/health-literacy-and-knowledge-in-a-cohort-of-australian-patients-taking-warfarin
#7
Angela W Yiu, Beata V Bajorek
Objectives: To 1) characterise older patients taking warfarin, 2) assess these patients' level of warfarin knowledge, and 3) describe their strengths and limitations in health literacy, and 4) explore relationships between participants' characteristics, warfarin knowledge and health literacy. Methods: A warfarin knowledge questionnaire and Health Literacy Questionnaire (HLQ) were administered to older patients (aged >65 years, N=34) taking warfarin in an Australian general practice setting...
January 2018: Pharmacy Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29619135/satisfaction-of-patients-receiving-value-added-services-compared-to-traditional-counter-service-for-prescription-refills-in-malaysia
#8
Boon-Tiang Lau, Abdul-Rani Nurul-Nadiah-Auni, Siew-Yen Ng, Nie Shuen-Wong
Background: Patients' satisfaction is the key parameter to measure the quality of healthcare services. Value added-services (VAS) were introduced to improve the quality of medication deliveries and to reduce the waiting time at outpatient pharmacy. Objective: This study aimed to compare the satisfaction levels of patients receiving VAS and traditional counter service (TCS) for prescription refills in Port Dickson Hospital. Methods: A single-center, cross-sectional study was conducted in the outpatient pharmacy department of Port Dickson Hospital from 1 March to 30 June 2017...
January 2018: Pharmacy Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29619134/type-b-adverse-drug-reactions-reported-by-an-immunoallergology-department
#9
Maria J Costa, Maria T Herdeiro, Jorge J Polónia, Inês Ribeiro-Vaz, Cármen Botelho, Eunice Castro, Josefina Cernadas
Objective: Characterization of the adverse drug reactions (ADR) reported by the immunoallergology department (IAD), Centro Hospitalar de São João (Porto), to the Northern Pharmacovigilance Centre (NPC). Methods: An observational, descriptive and retrospective study was conducted, based in a spontaneous report system. Participants were all the patients from the IAD, with suspected ADR, reported to NPC by specialists after the study was completed. Results: Studied population had a median age of 41 years, with the predominance of the female gender (73...
January 2018: Pharmacy Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29619133/development-and-validation-of-a-survey-instrument-to-measure-factors-that-influence-pharmacist-adoption-of-prescribing-in-alberta-canada
#10
Lisa M Guirguis, Christine A Hughes, Mark J Makowsky, Cheryl A Sadowski, Theresa J Schindel, Nese Yuksel, Chowdhury F Faruquee
Objective: Study objectives were to develop a questionnaire to assess factors influencing pharmacists' adoption of prescribing (i.e., continuing, adapting or initiating therapy), describe use of pre-incentive and mixed mode survey, and establish survey psychometric properties. Methods: Questions were developed based on prior qualitative research and Diffusion of Innovation theory. Expert review, cognitive testing, survey pilot, and main survey were used to test the questionnaire...
January 2018: Pharmacy Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29317928/authors-reply
#11
Lea D BrÜhwiler, Kurt Hersberger, Monika Lutters
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2017: Pharmacy Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29317927/pharmacists-providing-care-in-the-outpatient-setting-through-telemedicine-models-a-narrative-review
#12
Sydney L Littauer, Dave L Dixon, Vimal K Mishra, Evan M Sisson, Teresa M Salgado
Telemedicine refers to the delivery of clinical services using technology that allows two-way, real time, interactive communication between the patient and the clinician at a distant site. Commonly, telemedicine is used to improve access to general and specialty care for patients in rural areas. This review aims to provide an overview of existing telemedicine models involving the delivery of care by pharmacists via telemedicine (including telemonitoring and video, but excluding follow-up telephone calls) and to highlight the main areas of chronic-disease management where these models have been applied...
October 2017: Pharmacy Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29317926/comment-to-what-are-the-problems-information-needs-and-objectives-of-community-pharmacists-a-mixed-method-approach
#13
COMMENT
Ché M Harris, Catherine Kiruthi, Elsen Jacob
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2017: Pharmacy Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29317925/supporting-shared-decision-making-and-people-s-understanding-of-medicines-an-exploration-of-the-acceptability-and-comprehensibility-of-patient-information
#14
Katie Gibson Smith, Jill L Booth, Derek Stewart, Sharon Pfleger, Laura Mciver, Kathrine Maclure
Background: Patient information may assist in promoting shared decision-making, however it is imperative that the information presented is comprehensible and acceptable to the target audience. Objective: This study sought to explore the acceptability and comprehensibility of the ' Medicines in Scotland: What's the right treatment for you?' factsheet to the general public. Methods: Qualitative semi-structured telephone interviews were conducted with members of the public...
October 2017: Pharmacy Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29317924/a-qualitative-exploration-of-hypertensive-patients-perception-towards-quality-use-of-medication-and-hypertension-management-at-the-community-level
#15
Ching S Tan, Mohamed A Hassali, Chin F Neoh, Fahad Saleem
Objective: This study aimed to explore hypertensive patients' perspectives on quality use of medication and issues related to hypertension management at the community level in Malaysia. Methods: Focus groups discussion was employed in this qualitative study. A total of 17 hypertensive patients were purposively recruited. Three focus group discussions with semi-structured interview were carried out at Flat Desa Wawasan, Penang. All the conversations were audio recorded, transcribed verbatim and thematically analysed...
October 2017: Pharmacy Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29317923/identification-of-inhaler-technique-errors-with-a-routine-procedure-in-portuguese-community-pharmacy
#16
M Margarida Castel-Branco, Ana Fontes, Isabel V Figueiredo
Background: A correct selection of drugs prescribed, but also the choice of the appropriate inhaler device, is crucial for the control of respiratory diseases. Objective: To evaluate the inhaler technique and identify potential errors of patients when treated with inhalers by testing a routinary procedure to be implemented in any community pharmacy. Methods: Adults with asthma/COPD and under inhalation therapy were invited to demonstrate how they use their inhalers...
October 2017: Pharmacy Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29317922/hospital-consumer-assessment-of-healthcare-providers-and-systems-scores-relating-to-pain-following-the-incorporation-of-clinical-pharmacists-into-patient-education-prior-to-joint-replacement-surgery
#17
Erik Hefti, Michael Remington, Charles Lavallee
Background: Pharmacist involvement has been shown to improve various aspects of patient care. Patients undergoing knee and hip replacement surgery generally experience post-operative pain and discomfort. Pain control can impact patient satisfaction, as reported by the Hospital Consumer Assessment of Healthcare Providers and Systems (HCAHPS) survey. Objective: The current pilot study aims to measure the potential impact that incorporating pharmacists into preoperative patient education programs has on the response to select HCAHPS questions...
October 2017: Pharmacy Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29317921/baseline-knowledge-of-potential-pet-toxins-a-survey-of-pharmacists
#18
Natalie W Young, Kenneth D Royal, Gigi S Davidson
Background: Consumer expenditures on their family pets are rapidly increasing, part of which can be attributed to prescription and OTC medications. In turn, community pharmacies are seeking and receiving an increased number of prescriptions for animals. Community pharmacists' ability to safely care for animal patients is relatively unexplored. Human medications, their normal dosing and even medication excipients could be lethal in some animal patients. Objective: The overarching objective of this study was to assess pharmacists' baseline knowledge of potential pet poisons...
October 2017: Pharmacy Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29317920/indonesian-pharmacists-and-pharmacy-students-attitudes-towards-collaboration-with-physicians
#19
Adji P Setiadi, Yosi Wibowo, Sylvi Irawati, Eko Setiawan, Bobby Presley, Sajni Gudka, Ari S Wardhani
Background: Recent implementation of national health coverage and the increasing health burden in Indonesia require health professionals, including pharmacists, to work more collaboratively to improve access and quality of health care. Nevertheless, relatively little is known about Indonesian pharmacists' attitude towards collaboration. Objective: To assess and compare the attitude of Indonesian pharmacy students and pharmacists towards collaboration with physicians...
October 2017: Pharmacy Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29317919/impact-on-process-results-of-clinical-decision-support-systems-cdsss-applied-to-medication-use-overview-of-systematic-reviews
#20
Wálleri C Reis, Aline F Bonetti, Wallace E Bottacin, Alcindo S Reis, Thaís T Souza, Roberto Pontarolo, Cassyano J Correr, Fernando Fernandez-Llimos
Objective: The purpose of this overview (systematic review of systematic reviews) is to evaluate the impact of clinical decision support systems (CDSS) applied to medication use in the care process. Methods: A search for systematic reviews that address CDSS was performed on Medline following Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) and Cochrane recommendations. Terms related to CDSS and systematic reviews were used in combination with Boolean operators and search field tags to build the electronic search strategy...
October 2017: Pharmacy Practice
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