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Pharmacy Practice

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28943988/erratum-to-clinical-pharmacist-evaluation-of-medication-inappropriateness-in-the-emergency-department-of-a-teaching-hospital-in-malta
#1
Lorna M West, Maria Cordina, Scott Cunningham
[This corrects the article on p. 181 in vol. 10, PMID: 24155835.].
July 2017: Pharmacy Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28943987/hospital-discharge-what-are-the-problems-information-needs-and-objectives-of-community-pharmacists-a-mixed-method-approach
#2
Lea D Br├╝hwiler, Kurt E Hersberger, Monika Lutters
BACKGROUND: After hospital discharge, community pharmacists are often the first health care professionals the discharged patient encounters. They reconcile and dispense prescribed medicines and provide pharmaceutical care. Compared to the roles of general practitioners, the pharmacists' needs to perform these tasks are not well known. OBJECTIVE: This study aims to a) Identify community pharmacists' current problems and roles at hospital discharge, b) Assess their information needs, specifically the availability and usefulness of information, and c) Gain insight into pharmacists' objectives and ideas for discharge optimisation...
July 2017: Pharmacy Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28943986/medical-and-pharmacy-students-attitudes-towards-physician-pharmacist-collaboration-in-kuwait
#3
Maram G Katoue, Abdelmoneim I Awad, Aishah Al-Jarallah, Ebaa Al-Ozairi, Terry L Schwinghammer
OBJECTIVE: To assess and compare the attitudes of medical and pharmacy students towards physician-pharmacist collaboration and explore their opinions about the barriers to collaborative practice in Kuwait. METHODS: A cross-sectional survey of pharmacy and medical students (n=467) was conducted in Faculties of Medicine and Pharmacy, Kuwait University. Data were collected via self-administered questionnaire from first-year pharmacy and medical students and students in the last two professional years of the pharmacy and medical programs...
July 2017: Pharmacy Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28943985/the-impact-of-pharmacist-led-medication-therapy-management-on-medication-adherence-in-patients-with-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-a-randomized-controlled-study
#4
Daniel A Erku, Asnakew A Ayele, Abebe B Mekuria, Sewunet A Belachew, Bisrat Hailemeskel, Henok G Tegegn
BACKGROUND: Poor adherence to antidiabetic medications leads to a higher rate of hospital admissions and adverse health outcomes in type 2 diabetes mellitus patients. OBJECTIVE: This study aims to evaluate whether a pharmacist-led medication therapy management, compared to the usual care, could enhance medication adherence and reduce hospital admission in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus. METHODS: A prospective randomized controlled study was conducted in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus from February 1 to July 30, 2016...
July 2017: Pharmacy Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28943984/factors-affecting-pharmacy-engagement-and-pharmacy-customer-devotion-in-community-pharmacy-a-structural-equation-modeling-approach
#5
Sujin Nitadpakorn, Karen B Farris, Tanattha Kittisopee
BACKGROUND: The concept of customer engagement and devotion has been applied in various service businesses to keep the customers with business However, a limited number of studies were performed to examine the context of customer engagement and devotion in pharmacy business which focus on the impact of customer perceptions about pharmacists, perceived quality of pharmacy structure, medication price strategy on pharmacy engagement and pharmacy customer devotion in a pharmacy providing pharmaceutical care to the customers...
July 2017: Pharmacy Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28943983/the-impact-of-drug-related-problems-on-health-related-quality-of-life-among-hypertensive-patients-in-jordan
#6
Rana Abu Farha, Akram Saleh, Salah Aburuz
BACKGROUND: Hypertension is a major cause of cardiovascular diseases with a high prevalence in Jordan. No previous studies have been carried out to determine the effect of the presence of drug-related problems (DRPs) on the health-related quality of life (HRQOL) among hypertensive patients. OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to identify the influence of different types of DRPs on the HRQOL of hypertensive patients. METHODS: A total of 200 hypertensive patients were recruited in this cross-sectional correlation study that was conducted across the cardiac outpatient clinic at Jordan University Hospital...
July 2017: Pharmacy Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28943982/awareness-of-physicians-and-pharmacists-of-aldosterone-antagonists-in-heart-failure-and-myocardial-infarction-in-jordan
#7
Fadia Mayyas, Khalid Ibrahim, Karem H Alzoubi
OBJECTIVE: to evaluate physicians and clinical pharmacists' awareness and practices regarding use of aldosterone antagonists in heart failure (HF) and post-myocardial infarction (MI). METHODS: First, we reviewed the prescription of aldosterone antagonists among 408 patients presenting to the cardiology clinic at a major hospital in Jordan. Second, physicians and pharmacists working in cardiovascular departments completed a questionnaire related to use of aldosterone antagonists in HF and post-MI...
July 2017: Pharmacy Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28943981/assessment-of-health-seeking-behaviour-and-self-medication-among-general-public-in-the-state-of-penang-malaysia
#8
Omar T Dawood, Mohamed A Hassali, Fahad Saleem, Inas R Ibrahim, Aseel H Abdulameer, Hanan H Jasim
BACKGROUND: Patients' behaviour in making decisions regarding health is currently changing from passive recipients to recipients who play an active role in taking action to control their health and taking self-care initiatives. OBJECTIVES: This study was conducted to evaluate the health seeking behaviour among general public and its associated factors; and to evaluate the medicine taking behaviour in public and the practice of self-medication. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was undertaken among general public in Penang Island, Malaysia...
July 2017: Pharmacy Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28943980/physician-pharmacist-agreement-about-off-label-use-of-medications-in-private-clinical-settings-in-baghdad-iraq
#9
Saad A Hussain, Ashwaq N Abbas, Hasan A Alhadad, Ali A Al-Jumaili, Zainab S Abdulrahman
OBJECTIVE: 1) To evaluate the relationship between physician-pharmacist agreement about the off-label drug use and 2) and to identify the most common off-label medication category/indications and prescriber clinical disciplines in private settings in Baghdad area, Iraq. METHODS: This study evaluated 980 off-label use requests in the private clinical settings within Baghdad area, Iraq from October 2013 to September 2015. The efficacy, safety, and convenience of each drug request and its alternative options were evaluated according to the patient health and demographic characteristics and standard guidelines...
July 2017: Pharmacy Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28943979/a-qualitative-study-on-pharmacists-perception-on-integrating-pharmacists-into-private-general-practitioner-s-clinics-in-malaysia
#10
Pui S Saw, Lisa Nissen, Christopher Freeman, Pei S Wong, Vivienne Mak
BACKGROUND: Private general practitioners in Malaysia largely operates as solo practices - prescribing and supplying medications to patients directly from their clinics, thus posing risk of medication-related problems to consumers. A pharmacy practice reform that integrates pharmacists into primary healthcare clinics can be a potential initiative to promote quality use of medication. This model of care is a novel approach in Malaysia and research in the local context is required, especially from the perspectives of pharmacists...
July 2017: Pharmacy Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28943978/impact-of-targeted-educational-interventions-on-appropriateness-of-stress-ulcer-prophylaxis-in-critically-ill-adults
#11
Drayton A Hammond, Catherine A Killingsworth, Jacob T Painter, Rose E Pennick, Kshitij Chatterjee, Bradley Boye, Nikhil Meena
BACKGROUND: Acid suppression therapy (AST) is routinely used in critically ill patients to prevent stress-related mucosal bleeding (SRMB). OBJECTIVE: Our objective was to determine the impact of a structured educational intervention on AST used for prevention of SRMB on appropriateness of AST. METHODS: A single-center, retrospective, cohort study of appropriate use of AST in critically ill patients admitted to the medical intensive care unit (ICU) at an academic medical center between January to June of 2014 (no intervention) and January to June of 2015 (intervention) was conducted...
July 2017: Pharmacy Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28943977/barriers-to-reporting-of-adverse-drugs-reactions-a-cross-sectional-study-among-community-pharmacists-in-united-kingdom
#12
Ejaz Cheema, Abdul Haseeb, Tahir M Khan, Paul Sutcliffe, Donald R Singer
BACKGROUND: Adverse Drug Reactions (ADRs) are a major public health problem. Prompt reporting of suspected ADRs is fundamental in the post-marketing surveillance of medicines and helps in ensuring medicine safety. However, fewer ADRs are reported in general and in particular by community pharmacists. There is limited knowledge about the factors which are preventing community pharmacists in the UK from reporting an ADR. OBJECTIVES: To identify the barriers to ADR reporting among community pharmacists practicing in the UK...
July 2017: Pharmacy Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28690701/models-and-theories-of-prescribing-decisions-a-review-and-suggested-a-new-model
#13
Mohsen Ali Murshid, Zurina Mohaidin
To date, research on the prescribing decisions of physician lacks sound theoretical foundations. In fact, drug prescribing by doctors is a complex phenomenon influenced by various factors. Most of the existing studies in the area of drug prescription explain the process of decision-making by physicians via the exploratory approach rather than theoretical. Therefore, this review is an attempt to suggest a value conceptual model that explains the theoretical linkages existing between marketing efforts, patient and pharmacist and physician decision to prescribe the drugs...
April 2017: Pharmacy Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28690700/effects-of-staff-education-and-standardizing-dosing-and-collection-times-on-vancomycin-trough-appropriateness-in-ward-patients
#14
Drayton A Hammond, Lexis N Atkinson, Taylor B James, Jacob T Painter, Katherine Lusardi
BACKGROUND: Many institutions have guidelines for initiation and monitoring, but not timing, of vancomycin. OBJECTIVE: Our objective was to evaluate vancomycin trough collection appropriateness before and after an initiative to change the dosing and trough collection times in ward patients. METHODS: A retrospective cohort study of ward patients from May 2014-16 who received scheduled intravenous vancomycin was performed. Nurse managers and pharmacists provided staff education...
April 2017: Pharmacy Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28690699/feasibility-of-clinical-pharmacist-led-cyp2c19-genotyping-for-patients-receiving-non-emergent-cardiac-catheterization-in-an-integrated-health-system
#15
Samuel G Johnson, Paul B Shaw, Thomas Delate, Deanna L Kurz, Dylon Gregg, John C Darnell, Christina L Aquilante
OBJECTIVE: To assess the feasibility of clinical pharmacist-led CYP2C19 genotype-guided P2Y12 inhibitor antiplatelet drug therapy recommendations to cardiologists in an outpatient cardiology practice. METHODS: This was a prospective, open-labeled, single-arm study conducted in an integrated healthcare delivery system between March 1, 2013 and January 23, 2014. Patients requiring non-emergent cardiac catheterization were included. A clinical pharmacist provided interpretation and recommendations from genotyping results...
April 2017: Pharmacy Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28690698/assessment-of-the-rates-and-characteristics-of-the-short-term-supply-of-medication-tider-from-an-integrated-healthcare-delivery-system-in-the-united-states
#16
Thomas Delate, Steven Wang
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to describe the rate of medication short-term supply dispensings (tider), patient and medication characteristics associated with a tider, and costs for tider dispensings in an integrated healthcare delivery system in Colorado, United States. METHODS: This was a retrospective study conducted in an integrated healthcare delivery system's outpatient clinics. All patients who had a prescription dispensed for a study medication at any of the system's 28 outpatient pharmacies during the first quarter of 2016 were included...
April 2017: Pharmacy Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28690697/challenges-in-the-management-of-community-pharmacies-in-malaysia
#17
Boon P Kho, Mohamed A Hassali, Ching J Lim, Fahad Saleem
BACKGROUND: The provision of professional pharmacy services by community pharmacists continues to be limited, particularly in low and middle income countries. It was postulated that multiple management challenges faced by community pharmacists contribute to this situation. OBJECTIVE: The primary aim of the research was to determine the challenges faced in the management of community pharmacies in Sarawak (the largest state in Malaysia), and practical strategies to cope and overcome the challenges...
April 2017: Pharmacy Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28690696/nurses-attitudes-and-behaviors-on-patient-medication-education
#18
Jane F Bowen, Melissa E Rotz, Brandon J Patterson, Sanchita Sen
BACKGROUND: Medication education is vital for positive patient outcomes. However, there is limited information about optimal medication education by nurses during hospitalization and care transitions. OBJECTIVE: Examine nurses' attitudes and behaviors regarding the provision of patient medication education. The secondary objectives were to determine if nurses' medication education attitudes explain their behaviors, describe nurses' confidence in patient medication knowledge and abilities, and identify challenges to and improvements for medication education...
April 2017: Pharmacy Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28690695/assessment-of-attitudes-and-practices-of-young-malaysian-adults-about-antibiotics-use-a-cross-sectional-study
#19
Mohamed A Hassali, Mohammad Arief, Fahad Saleem, Muhammad U Khan, Akram Ahmad, Warisha Mariam, Harika Bheemavarapu, Iizhar A Syed
OBJECTIVE: The present study was aimed to evaluate the practices and attitudes of young Malaysian adults towards the use of antibiotics, and to determine the socioeconomic factors associated with the antibiotic use. METHODS: A survey was carried in Cheras community by approaching a conveniently selected sample of 480 participants. A pre-tested questionnaire was used for data collection. RESULT: Of 480 participants approached, 400 agreed to participate in this study, giving a response rate of 83...
April 2017: Pharmacy Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28690694/impact-of-co-investigators-on-pharmacy-resident-research-publication
#20
Paul M Stranges, Scott M Vouri
OBJECTIVE: To explore influences of co-investigators on the successful publication of a pharmacy residency project. METHODS: We analyzed published and non-published research presented at a regional pharmacy conference. Abstracts were matched 1:1 based on state and abstract year. We assessed university affiliation, number, degree, and H-Index of co-investigators on the abstract. Descriptive and inferential analyses were used to identify variables associated with resident publication...
April 2017: Pharmacy Practice
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