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Nanotechnology, Science and Applications

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29618924/bio-based-synthesis-of-silver-nanoparticles-from-orange-waste-effects-of-distinct-biomolecule-coatings-on-size-morphology-and-antimicrobial-activity
#1
Caio Henrique Nasi de Barros, Guilherme Crispim Faria Cruz, Willian Mayrink, Ljubica Tasic
Purpose: Despite the numerous reports on biological syntheses of silver nanoparticles (AgNPs), little is known about the composition of their capping agents, protein corona of plant extract-mediated synthesis, and their influence on the properties of AgNPs. Here, orange ( Citrus sinensis ) waste was utilized as a source of an extract for AgNP synthesis (the protein corona composition of which was elucidated), and also as a starting material for hesperidin and nanocellulose extraction, which were used for bio-based AgNP synthesis...
2018: Nanotechnology, Science and Applications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29263655/improved-delivery-of-the-anticancer-agent-citral-using-bsa-nanoparticles-and-polymeric-wafers
#2
Benjamin White, Anna Evison, Eszter Dombi, Helen E Townley
Rhabdomyosarcoma (RMS) is the most common soft tissue sarcoma in children, with a 5-year survival rate of between 30 and 65%. Standard treatment involves surgery, radiation treatment, and chemotherapy. However, there is a high recurrence rate, particularly from locoregional spread. We investigated the use of the natural compound citral (3,7-dimethyl-2,6-octadienal), which can be found in a number of plants, but is particularly abundant in lemon grass ( Cymbopogon citratus ) oil, for activity against immortalized RMS cells...
2017: Nanotechnology, Science and Applications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29238173/a-light-assisted-in-situ-embedment-of-silver-nanoparticles-to-prepare-functionalized-fabrics
#3
Her Shuang Toh, Roxanne Line Faure, Liyana Bte Mohd Amin, Crystal Yu Fang Hay, Saji George
This article presents a simple, one-step, in situ generation of silver nanoparticle-functionalized fabrics with antibacterial properties, circumventing the conventional, multistep, time-consuming methods. Silver nanoparticle formation was studied with a library of capping agents (branched polyethylenimine [BPEI] of molecular weight [Mw ] 10,000 and 25,000, polyvinylpyrrolidone, polyethylene glycol, polyvinylalcohol and citrate) mixed with silver nitrate. The mixture was then exposed to an assortment of light wavelengths (ultraviolet, infrared and simulated solar light) for studying the light-assisted synthesis of nanoparticles...
2017: Nanotechnology, Science and Applications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29180854/antimicrobial-characterization-of-silver-nanoparticle-coated-surfaces-by-touch-test-method
#4
Marianne Gunell, Janne Haapanen, Kofi J Brobbey, Jarkko J Saarinen, Martti Toivakka, Jyrki M Mäkelä, Pentti Huovinen, Erkki Eerola
Bacterial infections, especially by antimicrobial resistant (AMR) bacteria, are an increasing problem worldwide. AMR is especially a problem with health care-associated infections due to bacteria in hospital environments being easily transferred from patient to patient and from patient to environment, and thus, solutions to prevent bacterial transmission are needed. Hand washing is an effective tool for preventing bacterial infections, but other approaches such as nanoparticle-coated surfaces are also needed...
2017: Nanotechnology, Science and Applications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29033558/effect-of-surface-organic-coatings-of-cellulose-nanocrystals-on-the-viability-of-mammalian-cell-lines
#5
Ambar S Jimenez, Francesca Jaramillo, Usha D Hemraz, Yaman Boluk, Karina Ckless, Rajesh Sunasee
Cellulose nanocrystals (CNCs) have emerged as promising candidates for a number of bio-applications. Surface modification of CNCs continues to gain significant research interest as it imparts new properties to the surface of the nanocrystals for the design of multifunctional CNCs-based materials. A small chemical surface modification can potentially lead to drastic behavioral changes of cell-material interactions thereby affecting the intended bio-application. In this work, unmodified CNCs were covalently decorated with four different organic moieties such as a diaminobutane fragment, a cyclic oligosaccharide ( β -cyclodextrin), a thermoresponsive polymer (poly[ N -isopropylacrylamide]), and a cationic aminomethacrylamide-based polymer using different synthetic covalent methods...
2017: Nanotechnology, Science and Applications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28721025/antibacterial-effect-of-silver-nanoparticles-in-pseudomonas-aeruginosa
#6
R Salomoni, P Léo, A F Montemor, B G Rinaldi, Mfa Rodrigues
Pseudomonas aeruginosa has great intrinsic antimicrobial resistance limiting the number of effective antibiotics. Thus, other antimicrobial agents such as silver nanoparticles (AgNPs) are considered potential agents to help manage and prevent infections. AgNPs can be used in several applications against bacteria resistant to common antibiotics or even multi-resistant bacteria such as P. aeruginosa . This study assessed the antimicrobial activity of commercial 10 nm AgNPs on two hospital strains of P. aeruginosa resistant to a large number of antibiotics and a reference strain from a culture collection...
2017: Nanotechnology, Science and Applications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28652713/effect-of-barium-coated-halloysite-nanotube-addition-on-the-cytocompatibility-mechanical-and-contrast-properties-of-poly-methyl-methacrylate-cement
#7
Uday Jammalamadaka, Karthik Tappa, Jeffery A Weisman, James Connor Nicholson, David K Mills
Halloysite nanotubes (HNTs) were investigated as a platform for tunable nanoparticle composition and enhanced opacity in poly(methyl methacrylate) (PMMA) bone cement. Halloysite has been widely used to increase the mechanical properties of various polymer matrices, in stark contrast to other fillers such as barium sulfate that provide opacity but also decrease mechanical strength. The present work describes a dry deposition method for successively fabricating barium sulfate nanoparticles onto the exterior surface of HNTs...
2017: Nanotechnology, Science and Applications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28572725/synthesis-characterization-and-in-vitro-activity-against-candida-spp-of-fluconazole-encapsulated-on-cationic-and-conventional-nanoparticles-of-poly-lactic-co-glycolic-acid
#8
Nicolás Gómez-Sequeda, Rodrigo Torres, Claudia Ortiz
In this study, nanoparticles (NPs) of poly(lactic-co-glycolic acid) (PLGA) loaded with fluconazole (FLZ) and FLZ-NPs coated with the cationic polymer polyethylenimine (PEI) (FLZ-NP-PEI) were synthetized in order to improve antimycotic activity against four strains of Candida spp. of clinical relevance. FLZ-NPs and FLZ-NP-PEI were synthesized by double emulsion solvent-diffusion (DES-D) and characterized. Minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC50) and minimum fungicide concentration (MFC) were determined in vitro by culturing Candida strains in the presence of these nanocompounds...
2017: Nanotechnology, Science and Applications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28572724/surface-functionalized-cockle-shell-based-calcium-carbonate-aragonite-polymorph-as-a-drug-nanocarrier
#9
Syairah Liyana Mohd Abd Ghafar, Mohd Zobir Hussein, Yaya Rukayadi, Md Zuki Abu Bakar Zakaria
Calcium carbonate aragonite polymorph nanoparticles derived from cockle shells were prepared using surface functionalization method followed by purification steps. Size, morphology, and surface properties of the nanoparticles were characterized using transmission electron microscopy, field emission scanning electron microscopy, dynamic light scattering, zetasizer, X-ray powder diffraction, and Fourier transform infrared spectrometry techniques. The potential of surface-functionalized calcium carbonate aragonite polymorph nanoparticle as a drug-delivery agent were assessed through in vitro drug-loading test and drug-release test...
2017: Nanotechnology, Science and Applications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28461744/interfacial-surfactant-competition-and-its-impact-on-poly-ethylene-oxide-au-and-poly-ethylene-oxide-ag-nanocomposite-properties
#10
Merve Seyhan, William Kucharczyk, U Ecem Yarar, Katherine Rickard, Deniz Rende, Nihat Baysal, Seyda Bucak, Rahmi Ozisik
The structure and properties of nanocomposites of poly(ethylene oxide), with Ag and Au nanoparticles, surface modified with a 1:1 (by volume) oleylamine/oleic acid mixture, were investigated via transmission electron microscopy, scanning electron microscopy, thermogravimetric analysis, differential scanning calorimetry (DSC), infrared spectroscopy, dynamic mechanical analysis, and static mechanical testing. Results indicated that there was more oleylamine on Ag nanoparticles but more oleic acid on Au nanoparticles...
2017: Nanotechnology, Science and Applications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28243071/the-effect-of-composition-and-thermodynamics-on-the-surface-morphology-of-durable-superhydrophobic-polymer-coatings
#11
Tehila Nahum, Hanna Dodiuk, Samuel Kenig, Artee Panwar, Carol Barry, Joey Mead
Durable superhydrophobic coatings were synthesized using a system of silica nanoparticles (NPs) to provide nanoscale roughness, fluorosilane to give hydrophobic chemistry, and three different polymer binders: urethane acrylate, ethyl 2-cyanoacrylate, and epoxy. Coatings composed of different binders incorporating NPs in various concentrations exhibited different superhydrophobic attributes when applied on polycarbonate (PC) and glass substrates and as a function of coating composition. It was found that the substrate surface characteristics and wettability affected the superhydrophobic characteristics of the coatings...
2017: Nanotechnology, Science and Applications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28223784/thermomechanical-properties-of-pmma-and-modified-swcnt-composites
#12
P Kalakonda, S Banne
It is well known that the addition of carbon nanotubes (CNTs) can strongly affect the thermomechanical and electrical properties of the polymer into which they are dispersed. The common solvent mixing dispersion method of functionalized CNTs and polymer composites can improve thermal, mechanical, and electrical properties. In this study, functionalized single-walled CNTs (COOH-SWCNTs) and poly(methyl methacrylate) were used to fabricate the polymer nanocomposites using a common solvent dispersion mixing method...
2017: Nanotechnology, Science and Applications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28223783/preparation-and-biosorption-evaluation-of-bacillus-subtilis-alginate-chitosan-microcapsule
#13
Ke Tong
The aim of this study was to assess the effect of alginate-chitosan microcapsule on viability characteristics of Bacillus subtilis and the ability of B. subtilis/alginate-chitosan microcapsule to remove uranium ion from aqueous solution. The effects of particle size, chitosan molecular weight and inoculum density on viability characteristics were studied using alginate-chitosan microcapsule-immobilized B. subtilis experiments. In addition, the effects of pH, immobilized spherule dosage, temperature, initial uranium ion concentration and contact time on removal of uranium ion were studied using batch adsorption experiments...
2017: Nanotechnology, Science and Applications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28176933/synthesis-characterization-and-cytocompatibility-of-potential-cockle-shell-aragonite-nanocrystals-for-osteoporosis-therapy-and-hormonal-delivery
#14
Alhaji Zubair Jaji, Md Zuki Bin Abu Bakar, Rozi Mahmud, Mohamad Yusof Loqman, Mohamad Noor Mohamad Hezmee, Tijani Isa, Fu Wenliang, Nahidah Ibrahim Hammadi
Calcium carbonate is a porous inorganic nanomaterial with huge potential in biomedical applications and controlled drug delivery. This study aimed at evaluating the physicochemical properties and in vitro efficacy and safety of cockle shell aragonite calcium carbonate nanocrystals (ANC) as a potential therapeutic and hormonal delivery vehicle for osteoporosis management. Free and human recombinant parathyroid hormone 1-34 (PTH 1-34)-loaded cockle shell aragonite calcium carbonate nanocrystals (PTH-ANC) were synthesized and evaluated using standard procedures...
2017: Nanotechnology, Science and Applications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28096662/synthetic-nanoparticles-of-bovine-serum-albumin-with-entrapped-salicylic-acid
#15
E S Bronze-Uhle, B C Costa, V F Ximenes, P N Lisboa-Filho
Bovine serum albumin (BSA) is highly water soluble and binds drugs or inorganic substances noncovalently for their effective delivery to various affected areas of the body. Due to the well-defined structure of the protein, containing charged amino acids, albumin nanoparticles (NPs) may allow electrostatic adsorption of negatively or positively charged molecules, such that substantial amounts of drug can be incorporated within the particle, due to different albumin-binding sites. During the synthesis procedure, pH changes significantly...
2017: Nanotechnology, Science and Applications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28053512/antimicrobial-dependence-of-silver-nanoparticles-on-surface-plasmon-resonance-bands-against-escherichia-coli
#16
Nichrous G Mlalila, Hulda Shaidi Swai, Askwar Hilonga, Dattatreya M Kadam
This study presents a simple and trouble-free method for determining the antimicrobial properties of silver nanoparticles (AgNPs) based on the surface plasmon resonance (SPR) bands. AgNPs were prepared by chemical reduction method using silver nitrates as a metallic precursor and formaldehyde (HCHO) as a reducing agent and capped by polyethylene glycol. Effects of several processing variables on the size and shape of AgNPs were monitored using an ultraviolet-visible spectrophotometer based on their SPR bands...
2017: Nanotechnology, Science and Applications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27578966/synthesis-characterization-applications-and-challenges-of-iron-oxide-nanoparticles
#17
REVIEW
Attarad Ali, Hira Zafar, Muhammad Zia, Ihsan Ul Haq, Abdul Rehman Phull, Joham Sarfraz Ali, Altaf Hussain
Recently, iron oxide nanoparticles (NPs) have attracted much consideration due to their unique properties, such as superparamagnetism, surface-to-volume ratio, greater surface area, and easy separation methodology. Various physical, chemical, and biological methods have been adopted to synthesize magnetic NPs with suitable surface chemistry. This review summarizes the methods for the preparation of iron oxide NPs, size and morphology control, and magnetic properties with recent bioengineering, commercial, and industrial applications...
2016: Nanotechnology, Science and Applications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27536080/erratum-factors-determining-the-stability-size-distribution-and-cellular-accumulation-of-small-monodisperse-chitosan-nanoparticles-as-candidate-vectors-for-anticancer-drug-delivery-application-to-the-passive-encapsulation-of-14-c-doxorubicin-corrigendum
#18
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27486313/a-role-of-zno-nanoparticle-electrostatic-properties-in-cancer-cell-cytotoxicity
#19
Denise Wingett, Panagiota Louka, Catherine B Anders, Jianhui Zhang, Alex Punnoose
ZnO nanoparticles (NPs) have previously been shown to exhibit selective cytotoxicity against certain types of cancerous cells suggesting their potential use in biomedical applications. In this study, we investigate the effect of surface modification of ZnO NPs on their cytotoxicity to both cancerous and primary T cells. Our results show that polyacrylic acid capping produces negatively charged ZnO NPs that are significantly more toxic compared to uncapped positively charged NPs of identical size and composition...
2016: Nanotechnology, Science and Applications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27051278/applications-and-toxicity-of-graphene-family-nanomaterials-and-their-composites
#20
REVIEW
Zorawar Singh
Graphene has attracted much attention of scientific community due to its enormous potential in different fields, including medical sciences, agriculture, food safety, cancer research, and tissue engineering. The potential for widespread human exposure raises safety concerns about graphene and its derivatives, referred to as graphene family nanomaterials (GFNs). Due to their unique chemical and physical properties, graphene and its derivatives have found important places in their respective application fields, yet they are being found to have cytotoxic and genotoxic effects too...
2016: Nanotechnology, Science and Applications
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