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Avicenna Journal of Medical Biotechnology

Shamsolmolouk Najafi, Mahsa Mohammadzadeh, Amirabbas Zahedi, Mansour Heidari, Nima Rezaei
Background: Recurrent Aphthous Stomatitis (RAS) is one of the most common diseases of the oral cavity all over the world (5-66%). RAS has a multifactorial etiology, while psychological factors such as stress and anger play a role in its manifestation. The serotonergic mechanisms particularly the serotonin-transporter gene ( 5-HTT ) may affect the risk of psychological alterations and stress response. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the polymorphism of the promoter region of 5-HTT ( 5-HTTLPR ) in the patients with RAS, compared to that in the control subjects...
January 2018: Avicenna Journal of Medical Biotechnology
Marjan Oraei, Seyed Hadi Razavi, Faramarz Khodaiyan
Background: Riboflavin (vitamin B2 ) is an essential component of the basic metabolism, and an important nutritional and growth factor in humans, animals, plants and micro-organisms. It has been widely used in the fields of pharmaceuticals, feed and food additives. The industrial production of riboflavin mostly relies on the microbial fermentation. Designing an appropriate fermentation medium is of crucial importance to improve the riboflavin production. Methods: In this study, sequential methodology combining a screening test of minerals by Plackett-Burman (PB) and an optimization test by Central Composite Design (CCD) was applied to enhance riboflavin production by Bacillus subtilis ATCC 6051 in shake flasks...
January 2018: Avicenna Journal of Medical Biotechnology
Abolfazl Shirazi, Arefeh Golestanfar, Masomeh Bashiri, Ebrahim Ahmadi, Naser Shams-Esfandabadi
Background: Failure of Male Pronucleus (MPN) formation is a major concern in the success of Intracytoplasmic Sperm Injection (ICSI) in some species. Despite the conducted unsuccessful efforts to improve ICSI efficiency in ovine, the present study was aimed to improve MPN formation and embryo development in ovine ICSI procedure through accompaniment of sperm pretreatment with co-injection of some compounds. Methods: In experiment 1, sperm were treated with either 2-mercaptoethanol (2ME), glutathione (GSH), or DTT (dithiothreitol) in combination with Heparin (Hep)...
January 2018: Avicenna Journal of Medical Biotechnology
Sobhan Faezi, Iraj Nikokar, Ali Elmi, Yusuf Ghasemi, Mojtaba Farahbakhsh, Alireza Salimi Chirani, Mehdi Mahdavi
Background: Type 4 pili (T4P) is an important virulence factor of Pseudomonas aeruginosa (P. aeruginosa) . T4P pass the outer membrane through a large oligomeric channel made of a single PilQ protein that is most highly conserved at their C-termini. To develop a functional vaccine that can be used in clinical application, the secretin domain of the PilQ (PilQ380-706 ) was produced as a recombinant protein. Methods: A 981 bp fragment of C-terminal of the pilQ secretin ( pilQ 1138-2118 ) from was designed into the prokaryotic expression vector pET28a...
January 2018: Avicenna Journal of Medical Biotechnology
Hamid Kabiri Rad, Mahta Mazaheri, Ali Dehghani Firozabadi
Background: MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are implicated in various biological processes including anticoagulation. However, the modulation of miRNA by pharmacological intervention such as warfarin treatment in patients receiving warfarin has not been disclosed yet. The aim of this study work was to assess the effect of warfarin drug on expression level of mir-133a-3p in patients with mechanical heart valve replacement. Methods: In this research, the expression level of miRNA-133a-3p was analyzed in Peripheral Blood Mononuclear Cells (PBMCs) from mechanical valve replacement patients who had received warfarin for at least 3 months continuously...
January 2018: Avicenna Journal of Medical Biotechnology
Sara Moradi, Alireza Fazlali, Hamid Hamedi
Background: Hydro-distillation (HD) method is a traditional technique which is used in most industrial companies. Microwave-assisted Hydro-distillation (MAHD) is an advanced HD technique utilizing a microwave oven in the extraction process. Methods: In this research, MAHD of essential oils from the aerial parts (leaves) of rosemary ( Rosmarinus officinalis L. ) was studied and the results were compared with those of the conventional HD in terms of extraction time, extraction efficiency, chemical composition, quality of the essential oils and cost of the operation...
January 2018: Avicenna Journal of Medical Biotechnology
Sorina Hirbod, Shohreh Nafisi, Howard I Maibach
Background: β-Cyclodextrin functionalized hyper-branched polyglycerol (HBCD: β-CD-g-PG), a biocompatible polymer, has recently been proposed for delivery of poorly water soluble compounds. Methods: The present study examines the interaction of HBCD with RNA, utilizing a constant concentration of RNA and different HBCD/RNA ratios of 1/16 to 1/1, at physiological condition in an aqueous solution. Circular Dichroism (CD), UV-visible, FTIR spectroscopic methods, zeta potential and Dynamic Light Scattering (DLS) were used to analyze the particle formation, particle charge, particle size, aggregation, RNA conformation, binding constant and mode, and the effect of polymer complexation on RNA stability...
January 2018: Avicenna Journal of Medical Biotechnology
Bahram Baghban Kohnehrouz, Afsaneh Talischian, Alireza Dehnad, Shahnoush Nayeri
Background: Avimers are originally types of artificial proteins with multiple binding sites for specific binding to certain antigens. Various radioisotopes and nanoparticles link these molecules, which are widely used in early detection in tissue imaging, treatment and study on carcinogenesis. Among these, c-Met antagonist avimer (C426 avimer), with ability to bind the c-Met receptor of tyrosine kinase (RTK) is an attractive candidate for targeted cancer therapy. In this study, a novel traceable C426 avimer gene was designed and introduced by adding the 12nt tracer binding site encoded four specific amino acid residues at the C-terminal region of C426 avimer coding sequence...
January 2018: Avicenna Journal of Medical Biotechnology
Hossein Vazini, Fatemeh Ghafarifar, Zohreh Sharifi, Abdolhosein Dalimi
Background: The severe damages of toxoplasmosis clearly indicate the need for the development of a more effective vaccine. Immunization with plasmid DNA is a promising vaccination technique. Therefore, GRA7 plasmid was prepared to be used as a vaccine. The purpose of this study was evaluation of immunization with cocktail DNA vaccine including plasmids encoding Toxoplasma gondii ROP2 and GRA7 in BALB/c mice. Methods: In this study, 733 bp of GRA7 gene was cloned in pCDNA3...
January 2018: Avicenna Journal of Medical Biotechnology
Shahin Akhondzadeh
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2018: Avicenna Journal of Medical Biotechnology
Akbar Amirfiroozy, Amir A Hamidieh, Zahra Golchehre, Azim Rezamand, Mahin Yahyaei, Fatemeh Beiranvandi, Soheyla Amirfiroozy, Mohammad Keramatipour
BACKGROUND: Osteopetrosis is a group of genetically heterogonous diseases and the main feature of that is increased bone density due to osteoclast's abnormality. It has three clinical forms based on inheritance pattern, severity and age of onset: the dominant benign form (ADO), the intermediate form (IRO) and the recessive severe form (ARO). One of the recently discovered genes for ARO form is SNX10 that accounts for 4% of affected persons by this type. METHODS: In this paper, a 15 years old girl affected by osteopetrosis has been analyzed for detecting causal mutation in known osteopetrosis genes...
October 2017: Avicenna Journal of Medical Biotechnology
Ensieh M Poursani, Majid Mehravar, Alireza Shahryari, Seyed Javad Mowla, Bahram Mohammad Soltani
BACKGROUND: The human OCT4 gene, responsible for pluripotency and self-renewal of Embryonic Stem (ES) and Embryonic Carcinoma (EC) cells, can generate several transcripts (OCT4A, OCT4B-variant 2, OCT4B-variant 3, OCT4B-variant 5, OCT4B1, OCT4 B2 and OCT4B3) by alternative splicing and alternative promoters. OCT4A that is responsible for ES and EC cell stemness properties is transcribed from a promoter upstream of Exon1a in those cells. The OCT4B group variants (OCT4B-variant2, OCT4B-variant3, OCT4B-variant5, OCT4B1, OCT4B2 and OCT4B3) are transcribed from a different promoter located in intron 1 and some of them respond to the cell stresses, but cannot sustain the ES/EC cell self-renewal...
October 2017: Avicenna Journal of Medical Biotechnology
Azam Moosavi, Ali M Ardekani
BACKGROUND: β-thalassemia is the most common monogenic disorder in Iran, and one of the challenges in the screening of the carriers is the coinheritance of α-thalassemia mutations. In the view of high prevalence of α-thalassemia mutations in many parts of the country, the aim of this study was to determine the carrier frequency of common alpha deletions, as a secondary modifier in clinical manifestations of beta thalassemia, in known beta-thalassemia carriers and some hematology parameter changes...
October 2017: Avicenna Journal of Medical Biotechnology
Abouzar Bagheri, Hamid Reza Khorram Khorshid, Seyed Javad Mowla, Hassan Ali Mohebbi, Azam Mohammadian, Mehdi Yaseri, Masoud Solaymani-Dodaran, Masih Sherafatian, Mahmood Tavallaie
BACKGROUND: Diagnosis of Non-small Cell Lung Cancer (NSCLC) at an early stage is a daunting challenge due to the deficiency of specific noninvasive markers. MicroRNAs (miRNAs) play important roles in the initiation and progression of NSCLC. Measuring miRNA expression levels could provide a potential approach for the diagnosis of NSCLC. Our goals were to examine miR-223, miR-212, miR-192, miR-3074, SNORD33 and SNORD37 expression levels in tissue and sputum of NSCLC patients and cancer free subjects for molecular diagnosis of NSCLC...
October 2017: Avicenna Journal of Medical Biotechnology
Pegah Moradi Khaniabadi, Daryoush Shahbazi-Gahrouei, Mohammad Suhaimi Jaafar, Amin Malik Shah Abdul Majid, Bita Moradi Khaniabadi, Saghar Shahbazi-Gahrouei
BACKGROUND: Advances of nanotechnology have led to the development of nano-materials with both potential diagnostic and therapeutic applications. Among them, Super Paramagnetic Iron Oxide Nanoparticles (SPIONs) have received particular attention. Modified EDC coupling fraction was used to fabricate the SPION-C595 as an MR imaging contrast agent for breast cancer detection in early stages. METHODS: Nanoprobe characterization was confirmed using Fourier Transform Infrared Spectroscopy (FT-IR), Scanning Electron Microscopy with Energy Dispersive X-Ray Spectroscopy (SEM-EDAX), and Photon Correlation Spectroscopy (PCS)...
October 2017: Avicenna Journal of Medical Biotechnology
Mitra Soleimani, Nazem Ghasemi
BACKGROUND: Stem cell-based therapy is a novel strategy for the treatment of neurodegenerative diseases. The transplantation of fully differentiated cells instead of stem cells in order to decrease serious adverse complications of stem cell therapy is a new idea. In this study, the effect of lithium chloride on dopaminergic differentiation of human immortalized RenVm cells was investigated in order to access a population of fully differentiated cells for transplantation in Parkinson disease...
October 2017: Avicenna Journal of Medical Biotechnology
Elnaz Afshari, Zahra Amini-Bayat, Saman Hosseinkhani, Nahid Bakhtiari
BACKGROUND: Pseudomonas putida (P. putida) ATCC12633 can produce creatinase. It is a microbial enzyme which degrades creatinine in bacteria and provides source of carbon and nitrogen. Also, this enzyme is used in the enzymatic measurement of creatinine concentration for diagnosis of renal and muscles functions and diseases. Our purpose was recombinant production of creatinase for using in clinical measurement of serum or urine creatinine. METHODS: A 1209bp of open reading frame of creatinase was amplified by PCR from P...
October 2017: Avicenna Journal of Medical Biotechnology
Maryam Azizpour, Seyyed Davood Hosseini, Parvaneh Jafari, Neda Akbary
Needle free vaccines have a several advantages and very attractive way for vaccination. In a body, mucosal surfaces provide a universal entry portal for all the known and emerging infectious pathogenic microbes. Therefore, it seems, vaccination strategies need to be reorganized for vaccines that are hindering the entry capability of pathogenic microbes through mucosal surfaces. Lactic acid Bacteria (LAB) are widely used in the food industry and at the present, used as delivery vehicles for biological investigations...
October 2017: Avicenna Journal of Medical Biotechnology
Fatemeh Mohseni, Sahar Moghbelinejad, Reza Najafipour
BACKGROUND: Genetic and environmental factors are both involved in the etiology of Non-Alcoholic Fatty Liver Disease (NAFLD). Among the genetic factors, certain polymorphisms of adiponectin gene are associated with NAFLD. In the current study, we investigated the association between metabolic parameters with different genotypes of adiponectin +276 G>T polymorphism among the Iranian NAFLD patients, and the effect of nutritional intake with development of NAFLD. METHODS: In this study, 75 patients with NAFLD and 76 healthy individuals were enrolled...
July 2017: Avicenna Journal of Medical Biotechnology
Marzieh Mahdavipour, Saeed Zarei, Ramina Fatemi, Haleh Edalatkhah, Hamed Heidari-Vala, Mahmood Jeddi-Tehrani, Farah Idali
BACKGROUND: Recurrent Spontaneous Abortion (RSA) is caused by multiple genetic and non-genetic factors. Around 50% of the RSA cases have no known etiology and are considered as Unexplained RSA (URSA). Estrogens, via binding to their receptors, play an important role in female reproduction. This study aimed to investigate whether single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs; +1082G/A, +1730G/A and rs1256030 C/T) in the estrogen receptor beta (ESR2) gene are associated with susceptibility to URSA in a population of Iranian women...
July 2017: Avicenna Journal of Medical Biotechnology
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