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American Journal of Case Reports

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29042530/hypereosinophilia-secondary-to-disseminated-paracoccidioidomycosis
#1
Mateo Mejia-Zuluaga, Samuel Rosas, Verónica Posada Vélez, Pedro A Quintero
BACKGROUND Paracoccidioidomycosis is an endemic mycosis in Central and South America caused by the thermally dimorphic fungus Paracoccidioides brasiliensis. Despite its self-limited course and usually asymptomatic infection, some patients may present with a systemic illness mimicking multiple conditions and thus question the general state of their immune system. CASE REPORT A 28-year-old male presented to the hospital with fever, dry cough, and non-pruritic rash with no characteristic distribution for the past 10 days...
October 18, 2017: American Journal of Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29033451/dasatinib-and-azacitidine-followed-by-haploidentical-stem-cell-transplant-for-chronic-myeloid-leukemia-with-evolving-myelodysplasia-a-case-report-and-review-of-treatment-options
#2
Fabian Lang, Lydia Wunderle, Heike Pfeifer, Susanne Schnittger, Gesine Bug, Oliver G Ottmann
BACKGROUND CML presenting with a variant Philadelphia translocation, atypical BCR-ABL transcript, additional chromosomal aberrations, and evolving MDS is uncommon and therapeutically challenging. The prognostic significance of these genetic findings is uncertain, even as singular aberrations, with nearly no data on management and outcome when they coexist. MDS evolving during the course of CML may be either treatment-associated or an independently coexisting disease, and is generally considered to have an inferior prognosis...
October 16, 2017: American Journal of Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29026065/urethral-diverticulum-presenting-as-a-large-vaginal-mass-complicating-pregnancy-and-delivery
#3
Everett F Magann, Lisa S Newton, Susan A Barr
BACKGROUND A case report of urethral diverticulum complicating pregnancy is presented. The diagnosis and management are challenging because of the rare nature of this condition, the varied presentations and differential diagnoses, and the possibility of misdiagnosis. CASE REPORT A 25-year-old primigravida with scheduled induction of labor at 39 weeks gestation due to gestational diabetes mellitus presented for a routine antenatal appointment at 38 weeks and four days. On digital cervical examination, she was found to have a large semi-solid anterior vaginal mass, shown by trans-vaginal ultrasound to have a nearly solid appearance of a 5×7 cm mass with septation...
October 13, 2017: American Journal of Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29021519/bone-marrow-mononuclear-cells-transplantation-in-treatment-of-established-bronchopulmonary-dysplasia-a-case-report
#4
Nguyen Thanh Liem, Tran Lien Anh, Trieu T Hong Thai, Bui Viet Anh
BACKGROUND Bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BDP) is an incurable disease. This study reports the successful treatment of a 30-week-old neonate with established bronchopulmonary dysplasia by bone marrow mononuclear cells (BM MNCs) transplantation. CASE REPORT The preterm infant with BPD requiring continuous oxygen administration for 4 months post-delivery underwent BM MNCs. Bone marrow was obtained from the patient's iliac crests and mononuclear cells were isolated by density gradient centrifugation method. BM MNCs were delivered via endotracheal and intravenous routes...
October 12, 2017: American Journal of Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29018183/a-case-of-left-renal-vein-ligation-in-a-patient-with-solitary-left-kidney-undergoing-liver-transplantation-to-control-splenorenal-shunt-and-improve-portal-venous-flow
#5
Rodrigo B Martino, Eserval Rocha Júnior, Valdano Manuel, Vinicius Rocha-Santos, Luis Augusto C D'Albuquerque, Wellington Andraus
BACKGROUND Adequate portal venous flow is required for successful liver transplantation. Reduced venous flow and blood flow 'steal' by collateral vessels are a concern, and when there is a prominent splenorenal shunt present, ligation of the left renal vein has been recommended to improve portal venous blood flow. CASE REPORT A 51-year-old man who had undergone right nephrectomy in childhood required liver transplantation for liver cirrhosis and hepatocellular carcinoma due to hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection...
October 11, 2017: American Journal of Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28993605/a-case-of-diffuse-alveolar-hemorrhage-as-a-possible-complication-of-bivalirudin-therapy
#6
Htun Latt, Sammy Aung, Kyaw Kyaw, Thein Tun Aung, Chanwit Roongsritong
BACKGROUND Diffuse alveolar hemorrhage (DAH) is a rare but potentially fatal complication of anticoagulant or antiplatelet therapy. Bivalirudin is a specific and reversible direct thrombin inhibitor (DTI). CASE REPORT We report a case of severe DAH, possibly related to bivalirudin use, in a 61-year-old patient undergoing coronary intervention. The patient had presented with an out-of-hospital cardiac arrest due to acute ST elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI). During the coronary intervention, shortly after receiving bivalirudin, the patient started having frank bleeding from the endotracheal tube and developed hemodynamic compromise...
October 10, 2017: American Journal of Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28989169/moyamoya-disease-in-an-18-month-old-female-caucasian-complicated-by-cerebral-hyperperfusion-syndrome-following-indirect-revascularization
#7
James Murchison, John M Wilson, Coby Ray, Jessica Ginsberg, Laszlo Nagy
BACKGROUND Cerebral hyperperfusion syndrome is a rare complication of indirect revascularization due to moyamoya disease, but has not been reported previously in the pediatric population. We present a case of an 18-month-old girl with moyamoya disease that was treated with bilateral pial synangiosis and had complications consistent with cerebral hyperperfusion syndrome. This case report discusses the pathophysiological mechanisms involved in cerebral hyperperfusion in moyamoya syndrome. CASE REPORT An 18-month-old female Caucasian presented with seizures and weakness of the left side...
October 9, 2017: American Journal of Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28983073/abo-incompatible-renal-transplantation-with-high-antibody-titer-a-case-report
#8
Deepak Shankar Ray, Sharmila Thukral
BACKGROUND Even though renal transplantation across blood groups is not uncommonly practiced nowadays, there is still hesitation regarding ABO-incompatible transplantation with very high baseline antibody titer. In this case report, the outcome of an ABO-incompatible kidney transplant recipient with a high baseline isoagglutinin titer is reported. CASE REPORT The patient was a non-diabetic, 33-year-old man with end-stage renal disease secondary to chronic glomerulonephritis. The only kidney donor available was his mother, who was blood-group incompatible...
October 6, 2017: American Journal of Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28978905/early-progression-of-xanthogranulomatous-pyelonephritis-in-children-might-be-dependent-on-vimentin-expression
#9
Danuta Ostalska-Nowicka, Katarzyna Mackowiak-Lewandowicz, Aneta Konwerska, Jacek Zachwieja
BACKGROUND Xanthogranulomatous pyelonephritis (XP) is an extremely rare, severe, atypical form of chronic renal parenchymal inflammation accompanied by hydronephrosis and/or urolithiasis. The pathomechanism of XP is not yet fully understood. Microscopically, XP is indicated by the presence of multinucleated giant cells and lipid-laden macrophages, as well as inflammatory infiltration and intensive renal fibrosis. The lipid accumulation in kidney parenchyma may be secondary to the altered flow of low-density lipoprotein (LDL)-derived cholesterol particles inside the affected cells...
October 5, 2017: American Journal of Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28974669/non-exertional-heatstroke-a-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#10
Chiara Mozzini, Giovanni Xotta, Ulisse Garbin, Anna Maria Fratta Pasini, Luciano Cominacini
BACKGROUND Heatstroke (HS) is a life-threatening condition characterized by an elevation of the core body temperature above 40°C, central nervous system dysfunction, and possible multi-organ failure. HS can trigger systemic inflammation, disseminated intravascular coagulation (DIC), rhabdomyolysis, cerebral edema and seizures, pulmonary edema, heart dysfunctions, and renal and hepatic failure. CASE REPORT We report the case of a 41-year-old Romanian woman with a history of alcoholism who developed HS after arriving by bus in Verona, Italy in June 2016...
October 4, 2017: American Journal of Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28970467/systemic-mastocytosis-in-association-with-small-lymphocytic-lymphoma
#11
Muhammad F Iqbal, Paolo Marco K Soriano, Sanjai Nagendra, Sherjeel Sana
BACKGROUND Systemic mastocytosis with an associated hematologic non-mast cell lineage disease is a rare entity, and the majority of systemic mastocytosis cases are associated with myeloid neoplasm. Lymphoproliferative disorders are less commonly associated with systemic mastocytosis and a few cases of systemic mastocytosis associated with chronic lymphocytic leukemia have been described in the literature. CASE REPORT We present a case of indolent systemic mastocytosis associated with small lymphocytic lymphoma...
October 3, 2017: American Journal of Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28966341/guillain-barr%C3%A3-syndrome-a-variant-consisting-of-facial-diplegia-and-paresthesia-with-left-facial-hemiplegia-associated-with-antibodies-to-galactocerebroside-and-phosphatidic-acid
#12
Sho Nishiguchi, Joel Branch, Tsubasa Tsuchiya, Ryoji Ito, Junya Kawada
BACKGROUND A rare variant of Guillain-Barré syndrome (GBS) consists of facial diplegia and paresthesia, but an even more rare association is with facial hemiplegia, similar to Bell's palsy. This case report is of this rare variant of GBS that was associated with IgG antibodies to galactocerebroside and phosphatidic acid. CASE REPORT A 54-year-old man presented with lower left facial palsy and paresthesia of his extremities, following an upper respiratory tract infection. Physical examination confirmed lower left facial palsy and paresthesia of his extremities with hyporeflexia of his lower limbs and sensory loss of all four extremities...
October 2, 2017: American Journal of Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28959003/st-elevation-myocardial-infarction-due-to-left-anterior-descending-artery-occlusion-presenting-primarily-with-otalgia
#13
Elhaitham K Ahmed, M Salim Alkodaymi, Mohammed Mohammed Soliman, Asaad Suliman Shujaa
BACKGROUND Myocardial infarction (MI) is one of the most serious conditions presenting to the Emergency Department. Typical/classical symptoms of MI include chest pain and tightness that is referred to the left arm. CASE REPORT We present a case of ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) with a primary atypical presentation of right ear pain. The patient was diagnosed with STEMI based on electrocardiogram (ECG) and cardiac markers. As a result, the patient underwent percutaneous intervention (PCI), which showed an occluded left anterior descending artery (LAD) compared to the previous reported studies with similar presentation in which the right coronary artery (RCA) was affected...
September 29, 2017: American Journal of Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28955030/gradenigo-s-syndrome-in-a-patient-with-chronic-suppurative-otitis-media-petrous-apicitis-and-meningitis
#14
Nicholas Taklalsingh, Franco Falcone, Vinodkumar Velayudhan
BACKGROUND Gradenigo's syndrome includes the triad of suppurative otitis media, ipsilateral sixth (abducens) cranial nerve palsy and facial pain in the distribution of the fifth (trigeminal) cranial nerve. Gradenigo's syndrome is rare, and the diagnosis is easily overlooked. This case is the first to report Gradenigo's syndrome presenting with meningitis on a background of chronic suppurative otitis media (CSOM) and petrous apicitis (apical petrositis). CASE REPORT A 58-year-old male African American presented with headaches and confusion...
September 28, 2017: American Journal of Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28951539/a-case-of-hemorrhagic-adrenal-pseudocyst-mimicking-solid-tumor
#15
Makoto Isono, Keiichi Ito, Kenji Seguchi, Takashi Kimura, Kazuyoshi Tachi, Takako Kono, Hiroshi Shinmoto, Tomohiko Asano
BACKGROUND Adrenal pseudocysts are often discovered incidentally on imaging, but the diagnosis and treatment can be challenging. A case of adrenal pseudocyst with hemorrhage is presented that mimicked a solid tumor on imaging, resulting in adrenalectomy. CASE REPORT A 78-year-old woman was found to have a right adrenal lesion on abdominal imaging. Enhanced computed tomography (CT) showed a heterogeneously enhanced mass, and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) showed a high-intensity T1-weighted and T2-weighed image, with an irregular enhanced margin...
September 27, 2017: American Journal of Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28947732/klebsiella-pneumoniae-liver-abscess-a-case-series-of-six-asian-patients
#16
Katerina G Oikonomou, Myint Aye
BACKGROUND Liver abscesses represent a serious infection of hepatic parenchyma and are associated with significant morbidity and mortality. The emergence of a new hypervirulent variant of Klebsiella pneumoniae, which can cause serious infections in the Asian population, is under investigation. We report a case series of six Asian patients hospitalized at our institution from January 2013 to November 2015 for liver abscess due to Klebsiella pneumoniae. CASE REPORT Charts of six Asian patients were retrospectively reviewed...
September 26, 2017: American Journal of Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28943633/vancomycin-induced-leukocytoclastic-vasculitis-and-acute-renal-failure-due-to-tubulointerstitial-nephritis
#17
Chandra Shekar Pingili, Emmanuel E Okon
BACKGROUND Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) bacteremia and sepsis are commonly treated with intravenous vancomycin. However, vancomycin treatment is associated adverse reactions, including skin rashes and nephrotoxicity. We present a case of acute renal failure due to acute tubulointerstitial nephritis associated with a diffuse leukocytoclastic vasculitic skin eruption following intravenous vancomycin treatment. CASE REPORT A 79-year-old Caucasian male patient was treated with intravenous vancomycin for MRSA bacteremia...
September 25, 2017: American Journal of Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28935854/comparison-of-helical-tomotherapy-and-direct-tomotherapy-in-bilateral-whole-breast-irradiation-in-a-case-of-bilateral-synchronous-grade-1-and-stage-1-breast-cancer
#18
Valentina Lancellotta, Martina Iacco, Elisabetta Perrucci, Claudio Zucchetti, Anna Concetta Dipilato, Lorenzo Falcinelli, Isabella Palumbo, Cynthia Aristei
BACKGROUND Synchronous bilateral breast cancer is rare. A case is presented where whole breast irradiation (WBI) was planned after breast conserving surgery in a patient with synchronous bilateral breast cancer. A comparison was made between the feasibility of helical tomotherapy and direct tomotherapy. CASE REPORT A 60-year-old woman was found to have bilateral breast nodules on routine mammographic screening, resulting in bilateral lumpectomy and sentinel lymph node biopsy. Histopathology showed a 6 mm diameter invasive ductal carcinoma in the right breast (Grade 1, hormone receptor positive, HER2 negative) and an 8mm diameter tubular carcinoma in the left breast (Grade 1, hormone receptor positive, HER2 negative)...
September 22, 2017: American Journal of Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28931801/elizabethkingia-meningoseptica-in-a-case-of-biliary-tract-infection-following-liver-transplantation
#19
Hebah M Musalem, Yazan N Honjol, Lin M Tuleimat, Saleh I Al Abbad, Fahad I Alsohaibani
BACKGROUND Elizabethkingia meningoseptica (E. meningoseptica) is an aerobic Gram-negative bacillus known to thrive in moist environments, and is now recognized as a hospital-acquired infection, being found to contaminate hospital equipment, respiratory apparatus, hospital solutions, water, and drainage systems. Nosocomial infection with E. meningoseptica occurs in immunocompromised patients, requires specialized identification methods, and is resistant to conventional antibiotics. We report a case of E. meningoseptica infection arising from a percutaneous transhepatic biliary drainage (PTBD) tube...
September 21, 2017: American Journal of Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28928357/successful-dual-kidney-transplantation-after-hypothermic-oxygenated-perfusion-of-discarded-human-kidneys
#20
Matteo Ravaioli, Vanessa De Pace, Giorgia Comai, Marco Busutti, Massimo Del Gaudio, Annalisa Amaduzzi, Alessandro Cucchetti, Antonio Siniscalchi, Gaetano La Manna, Antonietta A D D'Errico, Antonio Daniele Pinna
BACKGROUND The recovery of discarded human kidneys has increased in recent years and impels to use of unconventional organ preservation strategies that improve graft function. We report the first case of human kidneys histologically discarded and transplanted after hypothermic oxygenated perfusion (HOPE). CASE REPORT Marginal kidneys from a 78-year-old woman with brain death were declined by Italian transplant centers due to biopsy score (right kidney: 6; left kidney: 7). We recovered and preserved both kidneys through HOPE and we revaluated their use for transplantation by means of perfusion parameters...
September 20, 2017: American Journal of Case Reports
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