journal
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Journal of Neonatal-perinatal Medicine

journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29710738/medico-legal-implications-of-hypothermic-neuroprotection-in-the-newborn
#1
S M Donn, J M Fanaroff
Hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy (HIE) continues to be a significant source of long term neurological sequelae in infants born at or near term. In the past decade, selective head or whole body cooling has shown promising benefit in ameliorating some of the brain injury from intrapartum asphyxial insults and has become standard care in most developed countries. A decision to offer neuroprotective hypothermia (NPH) may engender subsequent litigation because it presupposes an acute intrapartum injury. Conversely, failing to offer cooling may be interpreted as a violation in the standard of care...
April 24, 2018: Journal of Neonatal-perinatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29710737/cerebral-glucose-deficiency-versus-oxygen-deficiency-in-neonatal-encephalopathy
#2
A M Rudolph
Hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy (HIE) in newborn infants is generally considered to result from decreased arterial oxygen content or cerebral blood flow. Cerebral injury similar to that of HIE has been noted with hypoglycemia. Studies in fetal lambs have shown that ventilation with 3% oxygen did not change cerebral blood flow, but ventilation with 100% oxygen resulted in marked reduction in cerebral blood flow, glucose delivery and glucose consumption. Blood glucose concentration falls markedly after birth; this, associated with the fall in cerebral blood flow, greatly reduces glucose supply to the brain...
April 24, 2018: Journal of Neonatal-perinatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29689751/effect-of-standardized-feeding-protocol-on-nutrient-supply-and-postnatal-growth-of-preterm-infants-a-prospective-study
#3
Z Khan, N Morris, H Unterrainer, N Haiden, S J Holasek, B Urlesberger
BACKGROUND: Preterm birth is a medical emergency and it is becoming evident that adequate nutrition starting in the first hours of life is of major importance for short and even more so for long-term health outcomes of the premature newborn. The aim was to analyze postnatal nutrient supply and growth patterns of preterm infants in response to a standardized feeding protocol during stay at neonatal intensive care unit (NICU). METHODS: A prospective cohort study was conducted at NICU, Children Hospital Graz...
2018: Journal of Neonatal-perinatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29689750/universal-newborn-hearing-screening-using-a-teoae-and-a-abr-the-experience-of-a-large-public-hospital
#4
F Cianfrone, F Mammarella, M Ralli, V Evetovic, C M Pianura, G Bellocchi
BACKGROUND: Universal newborn hearing screening (UNHS) aims to identify hearing loss in the early postnatal period; prompt detection of bilateral or unilateral hearing loss is mandatory for timely intervention. METHODS: This retrospective study reports the results of the first two years of a UNHS program on 4,719 newborns in a large public Italian hospital. Screening was divided into two levels: automated transient otoacoustic emissions were used for first level; automated auditory brainstem response for second level...
2018: Journal of Neonatal-perinatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29689749/the-association-between-alcohol-outlet-accessibility-and-adverse-birth-outcomes-a-retrospective-cohort-study
#5
J A Seabrook, N Woods, A Clark, B de Vrijer, D Penava, J Gilliland
BACKGROUND: Alcohol outlet accessibility is positively associated with alcohol consumption, although this relationship has not been thoroughly examined in pregnant women. The present study examines the relationship between proximity and density of alcohol outlets and risk for low birth weight (LBW: <2,500 grams) and preterm birth (PTB: <37 weeks gestational age), and is the first Canadian study to investigate this association. METHODS: Maternal accessibility to alcohol outlets was specified using a gravity-type measure of accessibility, which provides the amount of accessibility that a given household has to liquor stores within 30-minutes of their home...
2018: Journal of Neonatal-perinatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29689748/probiotic-lactococcus-lactis-decreases-incidence-and-severity-of-necrotizing-enterocolitis-in-a-preterm-animal-model
#6
L A Gurien, K Stallings-Archer, S D Smith
BACKGROUND: Necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC) persists as the most common and serious gastrointestinal disorder among premature infants. Lactococcus lactis (LL), a lactic acid producing bacteria commonly found in buttermilk and cheese products, has several unique properties making it an ideal probiotic for neonates. We evaluated if the probiotic LL prevents development of NEC in a preterm rabbit model with Cronobacter sakazakii (CS). METHODS: Two-day preterm New Zealand white rabbit pups were randomly assigned to three diets: control (no additives), CS, and CS+LL...
2018: Journal of Neonatal-perinatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29689747/forebrain-cellular-bioenergetics-in-neonatal-mice
#7
Hassib Narchi, Pramathan Thachillath, Abdul-Kader Souid
BACKGROUND: Hypoglycemia occurs frequently in the neonate and may result in neurologic dysfunction. Its impact on the kinetics of cellular respiration and bioenergetics in the neonatal brain remains to be explored. AIMS: Develop murine model to investigate the effects of hypoglycemia on neonatal brain bioenergetics. STUDY DESIGN: Forebrain fragments were excised from euthanized BALB/c pups aged <24 hours to 14 days. We measured cellular respiration (μM O2 min-1...
2018: Journal of Neonatal-perinatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29689746/bereaved-mothers-and-fathers-perceptions-of-a-legacy-intervention-for-parents-of-infants-in-the-nicu
#8
T F Akard, M Duffy, A Hord, A Randall, A Sanders, K Adelstein, U E Anani, M J Gilmer
BACKGROUND: Legacy-making, actions or behaviors aimed at being remembered, may be one strategy to enhance coping and improve grief outcomes for bereaved parents and siblings. While legacy interventions have been developed and tested in pediatric and adult populations, legacy activities specific to bereaved parents in the neonatal intensive care unit remain unexplored. This study explored bereaved parents' perceptions of a digital storytelling legacy-making intervention for parents after the death of an infant...
2018: Journal of Neonatal-perinatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29689745/umbilical-cord-clamping-practices-of-u-s-obstetricians
#9
M S Leslie, J Greene, J Schulkin, A C Jelin
BACKGROUND: Delayed umbilical cord clamping is associated with significant benefits to preterm and term newborns and is recommended for all infants by the World Health Organization and the American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists (ACOG). Little is known about the cord management practices of U.S. obstetricians. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to describe current cord clamping practices by U.S. obstetricians and investigate factors associated with delayed cord clamping...
2018: Journal of Neonatal-perinatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29689744/clavicular-fracture-in-the-newborn-is-fracture-location-a-risk-factor-for-obstetric-brachial-palsy
#10
G Casellas-García, J M Cavanilles-Walker, G Albertí-Fitó
BACKGROUND: The incidence of clavicle fracture in the newborn population ranges from 0.2 to 3.5% with an associated rate of obstetric brachial palsy (OBP) ranging from 4 to 13% . METHODS: The aim of this study was to describe the anatomical location of the fracture in the clavicle and its possible correlation with OBP. We retrospectively reviewed all perinatal clavicle fractures diagnosed at our institution over thirteen years. RESULTS: A total of 155 clavicle fractures were identified among 23508 live newborns representing an incidence of 0...
2018: Journal of Neonatal-perinatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29689743/extravasation-of-total-parenteral-nutrition-into-the-liver-from-an-upper-extremity-peripherally-inserted-central-venous-catheter
#11
Arpit Gupta, Alok Bhutada, Miheret Yitayew, Shantanu Rastogi
Peripherally inserted central catheters (PICC) are the mainstay of central venous access in preterm infants, and one of the common procedures performed in neonatal intensive care unit (NICU). Complications of PICC include infection, mechanical dysfunction, thrombosis, migration, and extravasation of the infusate. In this report, we describe a case of PICC inserted from an upper extremity with migration into the inferior vena cava (IVC) and the hepatic vein associated with extravasation of the total parenteral nutrition (TPN) into the peritoneum and the liver...
2018: Journal of Neonatal-perinatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29689742/microsurgical-repair-of-neonatal-iliac-artery-injuries-with-saphenous-vein-grafts
#12
Karri A Adamson, Matthew E Braza, John A LoGiudice, William W Dzwierzynski
Two neonates with congenital heart disease, one and thirty-one days old respectively, suffered inadvertent arterial injury from cardiac catheterization. Both insults resulted in unrecognized avulsion of the external iliac artery from its origin. The patients quickly decompensated, with their right lower extremities becoming critically ischemic. In both cases, segments of reversed greater saphenous vein were used as interposition grafts from the common iliac artery to the common femoral artery. Reperfusion of the right foot was immediate for the one-day-old...
2018: Journal of Neonatal-perinatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29689741/factors-associated-with-early-childhood-caries-among-3-to-6-year-old-children-in-india-a-case-control-study
#13
T Sridevi, S Pranoti, S Anand, W Umesh, G Sachin
BACKGROUND: Early childhood caries (ECC) is a multifactorial disease as it is associated with biological, social and behavioral risk factors. However, not much research studied the influence of perinatal factors like birth weight, mode of delivery and gestational age with ECC. Aim of this study is to assess the association between ECC and risk factors, such as Socio-economic status (SES), Body mass index (BMI), Gestation age, birth weight and mode of delivery among Indian children aged 3 to 6 years...
2018: Journal of Neonatal-perinatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29689740/pilot-feasibility-study-to-detect-mesenchymal-stem-cell-biomarkers-of-bronchopulmonary-dysplasia-in-the-tracheal-aspirate-fluid-of-preterm-infants
#14
R G LaGrandeur, M Singhal, F Bany-Mohammed, C Uy, R Koeppel, F Zaldivar, F Haddad, A Nalbandian, P Donovan, D M Cooper, M Aslam
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to detect novel mesenchymal stem cell peptides/biomarkers of bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD) in the tracheal aspirate fluid (TAF) of preterm infants. STUDY DESIGN: Participants included infants less than 32 weeks' gestational age or birth weight under 1500 grams who required endotracheal intubation and mechanical ventilation within first 24 hours of life. TAF sample collection was performed at the time of the first clinically indicated routine suctioning...
2018: Journal of Neonatal-perinatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29689739/pleuro-pericardial-communication-due-to-pigtail-catheters-in-extreme-preterm-infants-diagnosis-and-intervention
#15
Ranjit I Kylat
Pneumothorax in preterm infants is associated with an increased risk of chronic lung disease, intraventricular hemorrhage and mortality. In mechanically ventilated preterm infants, for the management of tension pneumothorax if needle aspiration is not successful a thoracostomy is needed. In the last two decades management of tension pneumothorax has changed from the use of traditional chest tubes to percutaneous pigtail catheter thoracostomy (PPCT) as the most commonly used technique. When compared to placement of traditional chest tubes, PPCT is touted as being faster requiring, less analgesia and less training for proficiency and having fewer complications...
2018: Journal of Neonatal-perinatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29689738/factors-associated-with-long-term-mechanical-ventilation-in-extremely-preterm-infants
#16
Lina Yossef, Edward G Shepherd, Susan Lynch, Kristina M Reber, Leif D Nelin
BACKGROUND: The objective of this study was to determine factors associated with long-term intermittent positive pressure ventilation (IPPV) in extremely preterm infants. METHODS: Study setting was a ten bed pod (SBP) part of the Level IV all referral NICU, dedicated to the care of infants born at <27 weeks and which utilizes a protocol-driven approach to care. All admissions to the SBP from 2005 to 2011 were included if admitted in the first week of life and alive at 56 days of age...
2018: Journal of Neonatal-perinatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29689737/improving-outcome-in-congenital-diaphragmatic-hernia-experience-of-a-tertiary-center-without-ecmo
#17
J Pimenta, P Vaz Silva, C Pinto, A Dinis, L Carvalho, O de Castro, F Neves
BACKGROUND: Congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH) has a high mortality rate, representing a therapeutic challenge. Prenatal diagnosis (PND) is essential in defining optimal perinatal strategy, particularly delivery planning. Hospital Pediátrico de Coimbra is the referral centre for all neonatal surgery, particularly CDH, for the central region of Portugal. The aim was to evaluate clinical management and outcome of newborns with CDH. METHODS: An exploratory retrospective study made up of newborns admitted to PICU with CDH was undertaken between January 1995 and December 2014...
2018: Journal of Neonatal-perinatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29689736/erb-s-palsy-complicating-a-case-of-annular-pancreas
#18
S Hegde, M Bawa, J K Mahajan, K L N Rao
We report an unusual presentation of annular pancreas with pneumoperitoneum in a newborn with an associated left sided Erb's palsy. The neurological deficit caused considerable confusion in the diagnosis and unexpected complications after surgery. We highlight the importance of clinical examination and the complications that an Erb's palsy can cause. This unusual triad of Erb's palsy, eventration of diaphragm and annular pancreas has hitherto not been described in literature.
2018: Journal of Neonatal-perinatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29286940/sustained-lung-inflation-at-birth-for-preterm-infants-at-risk-of-respiratory-distress-syndrome-the-proper-pressure-and-duration
#19
N Abd El-Fattah, N Nasef, M F Al-Harrass, Mohammed Khashaba
BACKGROUND: Variations exist among the administered pressure and duration of sustained lung inflation (SLI) in the delivery room (DR). We aimed to evaluate the appropriate pressure and duration needed for SLI in preterm infants with respiratory distress syndrome. METHODS: We prospectively randomized 100 preterm (<32 weeks) infants to receive either conventional therapy of continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) at 5 cm H2O, or four groups of CPAP plus a single maneuver of SLI at four regimens based on administered pressures and durations; P20D20 (Pressure of 20 cm H2O for a duration of 20 seconds), P20D10 (20 cm H2O for 10 seconds), P15D20 (15 cm H2O for 20 seconds), and P15D10 (15 cm H2O for 10 seconds) using a T-piece ventilator...
2017: Journal of Neonatal-perinatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29286939/clinical-profile-and-pattern-of-congenital-heart-disease-in-infants-of-diabetic-mother-and-infants-of-non-diabetic-mother-at-a-tertiary-care-hospital
#20
Suraiya Begum, Sanjoy Kumar Dey
OBJECTIVES: To assess the clinical manifestations and pattern of congenital heart diseases (CHD) in infants of diabetic mothers (IDMs) and infants of non-diabetic mothers. METHODS: A prospective cross sectional study was carried out at tertiary care center over a period of thirty months. All neonates were included in this study if CHD were identified by echocardiography within this study period. Chi-square test and Fisher's exact test were used to compare between groups...
2017: Journal of Neonatal-perinatal Medicine
journal
journal
46739
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"