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Health Psychology Review

Sharon Y Lee, Crystal L Park
BACKGROUND: Psychological trauma has implications for many aspects of physical health, including preventive health behaviors (PHBs). However, whether trauma exposure additionally contributes to PHBs above and beyond the effects of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms remains unclear. OBJECTIVES: In this systematic review, 32 studies were analyzed to characterize: (1) the relationships between trauma exposure and PHBs, (2) the relationships between PTSD symptoms and PHBs, (3) the unique associations between trauma exposure and PHBs, independent of PTSD symptoms, and (4) the unique associations between PTSD symptoms and PHBs, independent of trauma exposure...
August 31, 2017: Health Psychology Review
Dolores Albarracín, Kristina Wilson, Man-Pui Sally Chan, Marta Durantini, Flor Sanchez
This meta-analysis examined theoretical predictions about the effects of different combinations of action (e.g., start an exercise regime) and of inaction (e.g., reduce screen time, rest in between weight lifting series) recommendations in smoking, diet, and physical activity multiple-domain interventions. The synthesis included 150 research reports of interventions promoting multiple behavior domain change and measuring change at the most immediate follow-up. The main outcome measure was an indicator of overall change that combined behavioral and clinical effects...
August 23, 2017: Health Psychology Review
Aikaterini Kassavou, Stephen Sutton
Automated telecommunication interventions, including short message service and interactive voice response, are increasingly being used to promote adherence to medications prescribed for cardio-metabolic conditions. This systematic review aimed to comprehensively assess the effectiveness of such interventions to support medication adherence, and to identify the Behaviour Change Techniques (BCTs) and other intervention characteristics that are positively associated with greater intervention effectiveness. Meta-analysis of 17 randomised controlled trials showed a small but statistically significant effect on medication adherence OR=1...
August 14, 2017: Health Psychology Review
Rik Crutzen, Gjalt-Jorn Ygram Peters
We argue that the active ingredients of behaviour change interventions, often called behaviour change methods or techniques (BCTs), can usefully be placed on a dimension of psychological aggregation. We introduce evolutionary learning processes (ELPs) as fundamental building blocks that are on a lower level of psychological aggregation than behaviour change methods. A better understanding of ELPs is useful to select the appropriate behaviour change methods to target determinants of behaviour, or vice versa, to identify potential determinants targeted by a given behaviour change method (or technique), and to optimally translate behaviour change methods into practical applications...
August 1, 2017: Health Psychology Review
Emma Beard, Robert West
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2017: Health Psychology Review
Kyra Hamilton, Marta M Marques, Blair T Johnson
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2017: Health Psychology Review
Kathryn Lynn Modecki, Gina L Mazza
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2017: Health Psychology Review
Karina W Davidson, Ying Kuen Cheung
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2017: Health Psychology Review
Noel A Card
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2017: Health Psychology Review
Sarah Depaoli, Holly M Rus, James P Clifton, Rens van de Schoot, Jitske Tiemensma
The aim of the current article is to provide a brief introduction to Bayesian statistics within the field of health psychology. Bayesian methods are increasing in prevalence in applied fields, and they have been shown in simulation research to improve the estimation accuracy of structural equation models, latent growth curve (and mixture) models, and hierarchical linear models. Likewise, Bayesian methods can be used with small sample sizes since they do not rely on large sample theory. In this article, we discuss several important components of Bayesian statistics as they relate to health-based inquiries...
September 2017: Health Psychology Review
Rute Vieira, Suzanne McDonald, Vera Araújo-Soares, Falko F Sniehotta, Robin Henderson
N-of-1 studies are based on repeated observations within an individual or unit over time and are acknowledged as an important research method for generating scientific evidence about the health or behaviour of an individual. Statistical analyses of n-of-1 data require accurate modelling of the outcome while accounting for its distribution, time-related trend and error structures (e.g., autocorrelation) as well as reporting readily usable contextualised effect sizes for decision-making. A number of statistical approaches have been documented but no consensus exists on which method is most appropriate for which type of n-of-1 design...
September 2017: Health Psychology Review
Blair T Johnson, Ellen K Cromley, Natasza Marrouch
Individual studies of health psychology are samples taken in particular places at particular times. The results of such studies manifest multiple processes, including those associated with individual, sample, intervention, and study design characteristics. Although extant meta-analyses of health phenomena have routinely considered these factors to explain heterogeneity, they have tended to neglect the environments where studies are conducted, which is ironic, as health phenomena cluster in space and times (e...
September 2017: Health Psychology Review
Mike W-L Cheung, Ryan Y Hong
Statistical methods play an important role in behavioural, medical, and social sciences. Two recent statistical advances are structural equation modelling (SEM) and meta-analysis. SEM is used to test hypothesised models based on substantive theories, which can be path, confirmatory factor analytic, or full structural equation models. Meta-analysis is used to synthesise research findings in a particular topic. This article demonstrates another recent statistical advance - meta-analytic structural equation modelling (MASEM) - that combines meta-analysis and SEM to synthesise research findings for the purpose of testing hypothesised models...
September 2017: Health Psychology Review
Ben Richardson, Matthew Fuller-Tyszkiewicz, Renee O'Donnell, Mathew Ling, Petra K Staiger
An increasingly popular form of data collection in health psychology research is Ecological Momentary Assessment (EMA); that is, using diaries or smartphones to collect intensive longitudinal data. This method is increasingly applied to the study of relationships between state-based aspects of individuals' functioning and health outcomes (e.g., binge eating, alcohol use). Analysis of such data is challenging and regression tree modelling (RTM) may be a useful alternative to multilevel modelling for investigating the association between a set of explanatory variables and a continuous outcome...
September 2017: Health Psychology Review
Rik Crutzen, Gjalt-Jorn Ygram Peters
Cronbach's alpha is a commonly reported estimate to assess scale quality in health psychology and related disciplines. In this paper, we argue that alpha is an inadequate estimate for both validity and reliability - two key elements of scale quality. Omega is a readily available alternative that can be used for both interval and ordinal data. More importantly, we argue that factor-analytic evidence should be presented before assessing the internal structure of a scale. Finally, pointers for readers and reviewers of manuscripts on making judgements about scale quality are provided and illustrated by examples from the field of health psychology...
September 2017: Health Psychology Review
Máirtín S McDermott, Rajeev Sharma
The methods employed to measure behaviour in research testing the theories of reasoned action/planned behaviour (TRA/TPB) within the context of health behaviours have the potential to significantly bias findings. One bias yet to be examined in that literature is that due to common method variance (CMV). CMV introduces a variance in scores attributable to the method used to measure a construct, rather than the construct it represents. The primary aim of this study was to evaluate the impact of method bias on the associations of health behaviours with TRA/TPB variables...
June 20, 2017: Health Psychology Review
Matthew J Stork, Laura E Banfield, Martin J Gibala, Kathleen A Martin Ginis
While considerable evidence suggests that interval exercise confers numerous physiological adaptations linked to improved health, its psychological consequences and behavioural implications are less clear and the subject of intense debate. The purpose of this scoping review was to catalogue studies investigating the psychological responses to interval exercise in order to identify what psychological outcomes have been assessed, the research methods used, and the results. A secondary objective was to identify research issues and gaps...
June 1, 2017: Health Psychology Review
Gjalt-Jorn Ygram Peters, Rik Crutzen
Health psychology developed a plethora of theories to explain and change a wide variety of behaviours. Several attempts have been undertaken to build integrative theories, some even striving for a Theory of Everything. We argue against these efforts, arguing that instead a 'pragmatic nihilism' perspective may be more fruitful to understand and change health behaviours. The first tenet of pragmatic nihilism is that psychological variables are usefully considered as metaphors rather than referring to entities that exist in the mind...
June 2017: Health Psychology Review
Christine A Gonsalves, Kerry R McGannon, Robert J Schinke, Ann Pegoraro
Cardiovascular disease is the leading cause of death and disability among women worldwide. Narratives circulated by the media regarding women's identities and health constitute one source of meanings by which conceptualisations about risk, risk reduction, and disease prevention are formed and framed. An interpretive and integrative meta-synthesis of qualitative research was done to examine the representations of women's cardiovascular disease in traditional and user-generated Canadian and US media narratives, and explore the implications of these for gendered identities and health promotion for women...
June 2017: Health Psychology Review
Katarzyna Czekierda, Anna Banik, Crystal L Park, Aleksandra Luszczynska
This systematic review and meta-analysis aimed to clarify the associations between meaning in life and physical health using random-effects models. Conceptualisation of meaning (order in world vs. purpose in life), type of health indicators, participants' health status, and age issues were investigated as moderators. Systematic searches of six databases resulted in inclusion of k = 66 studies (total N = 73,546). Findings indicated that meaning in life and physical health formed weak-to-moderate associations (the overall estimate of the average effect = 0...
May 29, 2017: Health Psychology Review
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