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Health Psychology Review

H de Vries
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 15, 2017: Health Psychology Review
Eiko I Fried
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 13, 2017: Health Psychology Review
David Trafimow
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 13, 2017: Health Psychology Review
Stefan Gruijters
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 13, 2017: Health Psychology Review
Toni L Williams, Jasmin K Ma, Kathleen A Martin Ginis
Disabled people face multiple personal, environmental and social barriers that interfere with leading a physically active lifestyle. Thus, there is an urgent need for behaviour change interventions to increase physical activity (PA) by specifically addressing the situations of disabled people, and barriers to participation. This original meta-synthesis of qualitative research was undertaken to explore participants' experiences and perceptions of PA-enhancing interventions for adults with physical impairments resulting in mobility limitations...
March 13, 2017: Health Psychology Review
Colin Greaves, Leon Poltawski, Ruth Garside, Simon Briscoe
Behaviour change interventions can be effective in helping people to lose weight, but weight is often regained. Effective interventions are required to prevent this. We conducted a systematic review and synthesis of qualitative research on people's experiences of weight loss maintenance. We searched bibliographic databases for qualitative studies about the experience of currently or previously overweight adults trying to maintain weight loss. We thematically synthesised study findings to develop a model of weight loss maintenance...
March 10, 2017: Health Psychology Review
Federica Picariello, Joanna L Hudson, Rona Moss-Morris, Iain C Macdougall, Joseph Chilcot
Fatigue affects between 42% and 89% of end-stage kidney disease (ESKD) patients, with significant repercussions on quality of life and clinical outcomes. Fatigue management revolves around pharmacotherapy or exercise, which have only modest and short-term improvements. The aim of this systematic review was to investigate whether social-psychological interventions are effective at reducing fatigue in ESKD. Databases were searched to identify randomized controlled trials (RCTs) and quasi-RCTs that determined the effect of social-psychological interventions on fatigue (primary or secondary outcome), in the renal patient population...
March 6, 2017: Health Psychology Review
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 1, 2017: Health Psychology Review
Christine A Gonsalves, Kerry R McGannon, Robert J Schinke, Ann Pegoraro
Cardiovascular disease is the leading cause of death and disability among women worldwide. Narratives circulated by the media regarding women's identities and health constitute one source of meanings by which conceptualisations about risk, risk reduction, and disease prevention are formed and framed. An interpretive and integrative meta-synthesis of qualitative research was done to examine the representations of women's cardiovascular disease in traditional and user-generated Canadian and US media narratives, and explore the implications of these for gendered identities and health promotion for women...
February 1, 2017: Health Psychology Review
Gjalt-Jorn Ygram Peters, Rik Crutzen
Health psychology aims to explain and change a wide variety of behaviours, and to this end has developed a plethora of theories. Several attempts have been undertaken to build integrative theories, and some even strive for a Theory of Everything. We argue against these efforts, arguing that instead, adopting a stance that may be called 'pragmatic nihilism' is more fruitful in the endeavour to understand and change specific health behaviours. The first tenet of pragmatic nihilism is that psychological variables, those defined in our health psychology theories, are usefully considered as metaphors rather than referring to entities that exist in the mind...
January 22, 2017: Health Psychology Review
Martin Hagger
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 18, 2017: Health Psychology Review
Denise De Ridder, Marleen Gillebaart
It seems common knowledge that trait self-control helps people to achieve the things they find important in their lives by not being distracted by immediate pleasures and temptations. Initial evidence suggests that trait self-control is important in well-being as well, with people high in self-control experiencing more positive momentary affect, life satisfaction, and happiness. Whereas it is not so difficult to imagine why effortful inhibition of impulses would benefit continued striving for long-term personal goals, it is more challenging to understand why self-control would make people happier and more satisfied with their lives...
December 12, 2016: Health Psychology Review
Cecilia Cheng, Mike W-L Cheung, Barbara C Y Lo
Health locus of control (HLOC) refers to beliefs regarding how one's health is influenced by oneself, others, or fate. This meta-analysis investigated whether three HLOC dimensions (internality/I-HLOC, powerful others/P-HLOC, chance/C-HLOC) were related to both specific health behaviours and global health appraisal, and whether these relationships were moderated by gender and age compositions, individualism, and power distance. Three-level mixed-effects meta-analysis was performed on studies examining the associations of HLOC with specific health behaviour (k = 76, N = 76,580, 57% women, Mage = 43...
December 2016: Health Psychology Review
Robert Aunger, Valerie Curtis
Behaviour change has become a hot topic. We describe a new approach, Behaviour Centred Design (BCD), which encompasses a theory of change, a suite of behavioural determinants and a programme design process. The theory of change is generic, assuming that successful interventions must create a cascade of effects via environments, through brains, to behaviour and hence to the desired impact, such as improved health. Changes in behaviour are viewed as the consequence of a reinforcement learning process involving the targeting of evolved motives and changes to behaviour settings, and are produced by three types of behavioural control mechanism (automatic, motivated and executive)...
December 2016: Health Psychology Review
Esther K Papies
Recent research has shown the limited effects of intentions on behaviour, so that novel methods to facilitate behaviour change are needed that do not rely on conscious intentions. Here, it is argued that nonintentional effects on health behaviour, such as the effects of habits, impulses, and nonconscious goals, occur through the activation of cognitive structures by specific situations. Interventions should therefore be situated to change these effects, either by changing the critical cognitive structures (training interventions), or by changing which cognitive structures get activated (cueing interventions)...
December 2016: Health Psychology Review
Gareth J Hollands, Theresa M Marteau, Paul C Fletcher
Much of the global burden of non-communicable disease is caused by unhealthy behaviours that individuals enact even when informed of their health-harming consequences. A key insight is that these behaviours are not predominantly driven by deliberative conscious decisions, but occur directly in response to environmental cues and without necessary representation of their consequences. Consequently, interventions that target non-conscious rather than conscious processes to change health behaviour may have significant potential, but this important premise remains largely untested...
December 2016: Health Psychology Review
Britt Ahlstrom, Tran Dinh, Martie G Haselton, A Janet Tomiyama
Health psychologists aim to improve eating behaviour to achieve health. Yet the effectiveness of healthy eating interventions is often minimal. This ineffectiveness may be in part because many healthy eating interventions are in a battle against evolved mechanisms (e.g., hedonic and related systems) that promote the consumption of energy-dense foods. Such foods, once rare, are now abundant in our obesogenic society, and consequently the evolved desire for energy-dense foods can now easily lead to the overconsumption of sugary, processed, and unhealthy foods...
November 28, 2016: Health Psychology Review
Lenneke van Genugten, Elise Dusseldorp, Emma K Massey, Pepijn van Empelen
Mental wellbeing is influenced by self-regulation processes. However, little is known on the efficacy of change techniques based on self-regulation to promote mental wellbeing. The aim of this meta-analysis is to identify effective self-regulation techniques (SRTs) in primary and secondary prevention interventions on mental wellbeing in adolescents. Forty interventions were included in the analyses. Techniques were coded into nine categories of SRTs. Meta-analyses were conducted to identify the effectiveness of SRTs, examining three different outcomes: internalising behaviour, externalising behaviour, and self-esteem...
November 24, 2016: Health Psychology Review
Sarah Denford, Charles Abraham, Rona Campbell, Heide Busse
OBJECTIVE: To systematically review systematic reviews of school-based sexual-health and relationship Education (SHRE) programmes and, thereby, identify interventions and intervention components that promote reductions in risky sexual behaviour among young people. METHODS: Electronic bibliographies were searched systematically to identify systematic reviews of school-based interventions targeting sexual-health. Results were summarised using a narrative synthesis...
November 7, 2016: Health Psychology Review
Martin S Hagger
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 10, 2016: Health Psychology Review
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