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Health Psychology Review

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28641486/advances-in-meta-analysis-methodologies-contribute-to-advances-in-research-accumulation-comments-on-cheung-hong-and-johnson-et-al
#1
Noel A Card
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 23, 2017: Health Psychology Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633558/an-introduction-to-bayesian-statistics-in-health-psychology
#2
Sarah Depaoli, Holly M Rus, James P Clifton, Rens van de Schoot, Jitske Tiemensma
The aim of the current article is to provide a brief introduction to Bayesian statistics within the field of Health Psychology. Bayesian methods are increasing in prevalence in applied fields, and they have been shown in simulation research to improve the estimation accuracy of structural equation models, latent growth curve (and mixture) models, and hierarchical linear models. Likewise, Bayesian methods can be used with small sample sizes since they do not rely on large sample theory. In this article, we discuss several important components of Bayesian statistics as they relate to health-based inquiries...
June 20, 2017: Health Psychology Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629262/dynamic-modelling-of-n-of-1-data-powerful-and-flexible-data-analytics-applied-to-individualised-studies
#3
Rute V Vieira, Suzanne McDonald, Vera Araújo-Soares, Falko F Sniehotta, Robin Henderson
N-of-1 studies are based on repeated observations within an individual or unit over time and are acknowledged as an important research method for generating scientific evidence about the health or behaviour of an individual. Statistical analyses of n-of-1 data require accurate modelling of the outcome while accounting for its distribution, time-related trend and error structures (e.g. autocorrelation) as well as reporting readily usable contextualised effect sizes for decision-making. A number of statistical approaches have been documented but no consensus exists on which method is most appropriate for which type of n-of-1 design...
June 20, 2017: Health Psychology Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28589756/evaluating-the-impact-of-method-bias-in-health-behaviour-research-a-meta-analytic-examination-of-studies-utilising-the-theories-of-reasoned-action-and-planned-behaviour
#4
Máirtín S McDermott, Rajeev Sharma
The methods employed to measure behaviour in research testing the theories of reasoned action/planned behaviour (TRA/TPB) within the context of health behaviours have the potential to significantly bias findings. One bias yet to be examined in that literature is that due to common method variance (CMV). CMV introduces a variance in scores attributable to the method used to measure a construct, rather than the construct it represents. The primary aim of this study was to evaluate the impact of method bias on the associations of health behaviours with TRA/TPB variables...
June 20, 2017: Health Psychology Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28625102/spatiotemporal-meta-analysis-reviewing-health-psychology-phenomena-over-space-and-time
#5
Blair T Johnson, Ellen K Cromley, Natasza Marrouch
Individual studies of health psychology are samples taken in particular places at particular times. The results of such studies manifest multiple processes, including those associated with individual, sample, intervention, and study design characteristics. Although extant meta-analyses of health phenomena have routinely considered these factors to explain heterogeneity, they have tended to neglect the environments where studies are conducted, which is ironic, as health phenomena cluster in space and times (e...
June 18, 2017: Health Psychology Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28625100/applications-of-meta-analytic-structural-equation-modeling-in-health-psychology-examples-issues-and-recommendations
#6
Mike W-L Cheung, Ryan Y Hong
Statistical methods play an important role in behavioral, medical and social sciences. Two recent statistical advances are structural equation modeling (SEM) and meta-analysis. SEM is used to test hypothesized models based on substantive theories, which can be path, confirmatory factor analytic, or full structural equation models. Meta-analysis is used to synthesize research findings in a particular topic. This article demonstrates another recent statistical advance-meta-analytic structural equation modeling (MASEM)-that combines meta-analysis and SEM to synthesize research findings for the purpose of testing hypothesized models...
June 18, 2017: Health Psychology Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28618838/regression-tree-analysis-of-ecological-momentary-assessment-data
#7
Ben Richardson, Matthew Fuller-Tyszkiewicz, Renee O'Donnell, Mathew Ling, Petra K Staiger
An increasingly popular form of data collection in health psychology research is Ecological Momentary Assessment (EMA); that is, using diaries or smartphones to collect intensive longitudinal data. This method is increasingly applied to the study of relationships between state-based aspects of individuals' functioning and health outcomes (e.g., binge eating, alcohol use). Analysis of such data is challenging and regression tree modelling (RTM) may be a useful alternative to multilevel modeling for investigating the association between a set of explanatory variables and a continuous outcome...
June 16, 2017: Health Psychology Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28460601/a-scoping-review-of-the-psychological-responses-to-interval-exercise-is-interval-exercise-a-viable-alternative-to-traditional-exercise
#8
Matthew J Stork, Laura E Banfield, Martin J Gibala, Kathleen A Martin Ginis
While considerable evidence suggests that interval exercise confers numerous physiological adaptations linked to improved health, its psychological consequences and behavioural implications are less clear and the subject of intense debate. The purpose of this scoping review was to catalogue studies investigating the psychological responses to interval exercise in order to identify what psychological outcomes have been assessed, the research methods used, and the results. A secondary objective was to identify research issues and gaps...
June 1, 2017: Health Psychology Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28488471/meaning-in-life-and-physical-health-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#9
Katarzyna Czekierda, Anna Banik, Crystal L Park, Aleksandra Luszczynska
This systematic review and meta-analysis aimed to clarify the associations between meaning in life and physical health using random-effects models. Conceptualisation of meaning (order in world vs. purpose in life), type of health indicators, participants' health status, and age issues were investigated as moderators. Systematic searches of six databases resulted in inclusion of k = 66 studies (total N = 73,546). Findings indicated that meaning in life and physical health formed weak-to-moderate associations (the overall estimate of the average effect = 0...
May 29, 2017: Health Psychology Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28415894/should-patients-be-optimistic-about-surgery-resolving-a-conflicted-literature
#10
Kate Sweeny, Sara E Andrews
Following surgery, some patients suffer distress, disappointment, regret, poor adjustment, and poor quality-of-life. Surgeons may define 'success' based on objective clinical outcomes, but patients' perceptions of surgical success rely primarily on a comparison to their initial expectations. We review the literature on the relationship between patients' surgical expectations and psychosocial outcomes and attempt to resolve a conflict in the literature. Specifically, we propose that conflicting conclusions regarding the merits of optimism primarily stem from differing methodological approaches by researchers in the field...
May 8, 2017: Health Psychology Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28406349/the-state-of-the-art-and-future-opportunities-for-using-longitudinal-n-of-1-methods-in-health-behaviour-research-a-systematic-literature-overview
#11
Suzanne McDonald, Francis Quinn, Rute Vieira, Nicola O'Brien, Martin White, Derek W Johnston, Falko F Sniehotta
n-of-1 studies test hypotheses within individuals based on repeated measurement of variables within the individual over time. Intra-individual effects may differ from those found in between-participant studies. Using examples from a systematic review of n-of-1 studies in health behaviour research, this article provides a state of the art overview of the use of n-of-1 methods, organised according to key methodological considerations related to n-of-1 design and analysis, and describes future challenges and opportunities...
April 25, 2017: Health Psychology Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28385063/clocking-self-regulation-why-time-of-day-matters-for-health-psychology
#12
Brett M Millar
Various lines of research have identified a number of factors that can impair a person's ability and motivation to exercise self-control, here self-regulation, in the face of a tempting object (e.g., food, sex, alcohol/drugs, smoking). Each of these in situ factors - the availability of the tempting object, one's desire for it, and impaired affective and cognitive functioning (most notably from sleep-related fatigue, daily 'wear and tear', and intoxication) - makes self-regulation more difficult, and even more so when they co-occur...
April 20, 2017: Health Psychology Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28281891/understanding-the-challenge-of-weight-loss-maintenance-a-systematic-review-and-synthesis-of-qualitative-research-on-weight-loss-maintenance
#13
Colin Greaves, Leon Poltawski, Ruth Garside, Simon Briscoe
Behaviour change interventions can be effective in helping people to lose weight, but weight is often regained. Effective interventions are required to prevent this. We conducted a systematic review and synthesis of qualitative research on people's experiences of weight loss maintenance. We searched bibliographic databases for qualitative studies about the experience of currently or previously overweight adults trying to maintain weight loss. We thematically synthesised study findings to develop a model of weight loss maintenance...
April 7, 2017: Health Psychology Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28385061/confidence-in-constant-progress-or-how-pragmatic-nihilism-encourages-optimism-through-modesty
#14
Gjalt-Jorn Ygram Peters, Rik Crutzen
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 6, 2017: Health Psychology Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28110627/pragmatic-nihilism-how-a-theory-of-nothing-can-help-health-psychology-progress
#15
Gjalt-Jorn Ygram Peters, Rik Crutzen
Health psychology developed a plethora of theories to explain and change a wide variety of behaviours. Several attempts have been undertaken to build integrative theories, some even striving for a Theory of Everything. We argue against these efforts, arguing that instead a 'pragmatic nihilism' perspective may be more fruitful to understand and change health behaviours. The first tenet of pragmatic nihilism is that psychological variables are usefully considered as metaphors rather than referring to entities that exist in the mind...
June 2017: Health Psychology Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28077036/mass-media-narratives-of-women-s-cardiovascular-disease-a-qualitative-meta-synthesis
#16
Christine A Gonsalves, Kerry R McGannon, Robert J Schinke, Ann Pegoraro
Cardiovascular disease is the leading cause of death and disability among women worldwide. Narratives circulated by the media regarding women's identities and health constitute one source of meanings by which conceptualisations about risk, risk reduction, and disease prevention are formed and framed. An interpretive and integrative meta-synthesis of qualitative research was done to examine the representations of women's cardiovascular disease in traditional and user-generated Canadian and US media narratives, and explore the implications of these for gendered identities and health promotion for women...
June 2017: Health Psychology Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28292216/thinking-is-the-best-way-to-travel-towards-an-ecological-interactionist-approach-a-comment-on-peters-and-crutzen
#17
H de Vries
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 15, 2017: Health Psychology Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28287341/what-are-psychological-constructs-on-the-nature-and-statistical-modeling-of-emotions-intelligence-personality-traits-and-mental-disorders
#18
Eiko I Fried
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 13, 2017: Health Psychology Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28287335/why-i-am-not-a-fan-of-pragmatic-nihilism
#19
David Trafimow
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 13, 2017: Health Psychology Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28287027/the-reasoned-actions-of-an-espresso-machine-a-comment-on-peters-and-crutzen-2017
#20
Stefan Gruijters
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 13, 2017: Health Psychology Review
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