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Health Psychology Review

Tim Gomersall
This article explores the potential of complex adaptive systems theory to inform behaviour change research. A complex adaptive system describes a collection of heterogeneous agents interacting within a particular context, adapting to each other's actions. In practical terms, this implies that behaviour change is 1) socially and culturally situated; 2) highly sensitive to small baseline differences in individuals, groups, and intervention components; and 3) determined by multiple components interacting "chaotically"...
June 22, 2018: Health Psychology Review
Holly Gwyther, Elzbieta Bobrowicz Campos, João Apóstolo, Maura Marcucci, Antonio Cano, Carol Holland
Interventions to minimise, reverse or prevent the progression of frailty in older adults represent a potentially viable route to improving quality of life and care needs in older adults. Intervention methods used across European Innovation Partnership on Active and Healthy Ageing (EIP-AHA) collaborators were analysed, along with findings from literature reviews to determine "what works for whom in what circumstances". A realist review of FOCUS study literature reviews, 'real world' studies and grey literature was conducted according to RAMESES standards, and used to populate a framework analysis of theories of why frailty interventions worked, and theories of why frailty interventions did not work...
June 19, 2018: Health Psychology Review
Sarah Ellen Griffiths, Joanne Parsons, Emily Anne Fulton, Felix Naughton, Ildiko Tombor, Katherine E Brown
Smoking in pregnancy remains a global public health issue due to foetal health risks and potential maternal complications. The aims of this systematic review and meta-analysis were to explore: (1) whether digital interventions for pregnancy smoking cessation are effective, (2) the impact of intervention platform on smoking cessation, (3) the associations between specific Behaviour Change Techniques (BCTs) delivered within interventions and smoking cessation, and (4) the association between the total number of BCTs delivered and smoking cessation...
June 18, 2018: Health Psychology Review
Lisa Murphy, Samantha Dockray
The aim of this meta-analysis was to quantify the direction and strength of associations between the Consideration of Future Consequences (CFC) scale and intended and actual engagement in three categories of health-related behaviour: health risk, health promotive, and illness preventative/detective behaviour. A systematic literature search was conducted to identify studies that measured CFC and health behaviour. In total, sixty-four effect sizes were extracted from 53 independent samples. Effect sizes were synthesised using a random-effects model...
June 14, 2018: Health Psychology Review
Darby Saxbe, Geoffrey W Corner, Mona Khaled, Katelyn Horton, Brian Wu, Hannah Lyden Khoddam
Men appear to gain weight during the transition to parenthood, and fathers are heavier than non-fathers. Paternal perinatal weight gain may set weight trajectories in midlife and have long-term health implications. Since men do not undergo the physical demands of pregnancy and breastfeeding, the specific mechanisms underlying weight gain in new fathers warrant investigation. This review aims to stimulate research on paternal perinatal weight gain by suggesting testable potential mechanisms that (1) show change across the transition to parenthood and (2) play a role in weight and body composition...
June 11, 2018: Health Psychology Review
Lizzie Caperon, Bianca Sykes-Muskett, Faye Clancy, James Newell, Rebecca King, Andrew Prestwich
Several interventions encouraging people to change their diet have been tested in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs) but these have not been meta-synthesised and it is not known which elements of these interventions contribute to their effectiveness. The current review addressed these issues. Randomised controlled trials of dietary interventions in LMICs were eligible and identified via eight publication databases. Elements of both the intervention and comparison groups (e.g., behaviour change techniques (BCTs), delivery mode), participant characteristics and risk of bias were coded...
June 7, 2018: Health Psychology Review
Gjalt-Jorn Ygram Peters, Robert A C Ruiter, Gill A Ten Hoor, Loes T E Kessels, Gerjo Kok
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2018: Health Psychology Review
Benjamin X White, Dolores Albarracín
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2018: Health Psychology Review
Ellen Peters, Brittany Shoots-Reinhard
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2018: Health Psychology Review
Anthony J Roberto, Paul A Mongeau, Yanqin Liu
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2018: Health Psychology Review
Jeff Niederdeppe, Deena Kemp
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2018: Health Psychology Review
Noel T Brewer, Marissa G Hall, Seth M Noar
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2018: Health Psychology Review
Ron Borland
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2018: Health Psychology Review
Timo Gnambs, Thomas Staufenbiel
The General Health Questionnaire (GHQ-12) is a popular measure of psychological distress. Despite its widespread use, an ongoing controversy pertains to its internal structure. Although the GHQ-12 was originally constructed to capture a unitary construct, empirical studies identified different factor structures. Therefore, this study examined the dimensionality of the GHQ-12 in two independent meta-analyses. The first meta-analysis used summary data published in 38 primary studies (total N = 76,473). Meta-analytic exploratory factor analyses identified two factors formed by negatively and positively worded items...
June 2018: Health Psychology Review
Kaidy Stautz, Zorana Zupan, Matt Field, Theresa M Marteau
Low self-control is associated with increased consumption of alcohol, tobacco, and unhealthy food. This systematic review aimed to assess whether individual differences in self-control modify the effectiveness of interventions to reduce consumption of these products, and hence their potential to reduce consumption amongst those whose consumption is generally greater. Searches of six databases were supplemented with snowball searches and forward citation tracking. Narrative synthesis summarised findings by: consumption behaviour (alcohol, tobacco, food); psychological processes targeted by the intervention (reflective, non-reflective, or both); and study design (experiment, cohort, or cross-sectional)...
June 2018: Health Psychology Review
Gerjo Kok, Gjalt-Jorn Y Peters, Loes T E Kessels, Gill A Ten Hoor, Robert A C Ruiter
Use of fear appeals assumes that when people are emotionally confronted with the negative effects of their behaviour they will change that behaviour. That reasoning is simple and intuitive, but only true under specific, rare circumstances. Risk perception theories predict that if people will experience a threat, they want to counter that threat. However, how they do so is determined by their coping efficacy level: if efficacy is high, they may change their behaviour in the suggested direction; if efficacy is low, they react defensively...
June 2018: Health Psychology Review
Monika Boberska, Zofia Szczuka, Magdalena Kruk, Nina Knoll, Jan Keller, Diana Hilda Hohl, Aleksandra Luszczynska
Researchers have speculated that sedentary behaviour may reduce health-related quality of life (HRQOL), but the extent to which this is true remains unknown. Our study sought to systematically review and synthesise research on the relationship between sedentary behaviours and HRQOL and to investigate if these relationships are moderated by age, health status, and HRQOL domain. The review was registered with PROSPERO (no. CRD42016036342). We searched six electronic databases. The selection process resulted in including k = 27 original studies; k = 18 were included in a meta-analysis...
June 2018: Health Psychology Review
Justin D Smith, Kaitlyn N Egan, Zorash Montaño, Spring Dawson-McClure, Danielle E Jake-Schoffman, Madeline Larson, Sara M St George
Considering the immense challenge of preventing obesity, the time has come to reconceptualise the way we study the obesity development in childhood. The developmental cascade model offers a longitudinal framework to elucidate the way cumulative consequences and spreading effects of risk and protective factors, across and within biopsychosocial spheres and phases of development, can propel individuals towards obesity. In this article, we use a theory-driven model-building approach and a scoping review that included 310 published studies to propose a developmental cascade model of paediatric obesity...
April 5, 2018: Health Psychology Review
G J Molloy, C Noone, D Caldwell, N J Welton, J Newell
Progress in the science and practice of health psychology depends on the systematic synthesis of quantitative psychological evidence. Meta-analyses of experimental studies have led to important advances in understanding health-related behaviour change interventions. Fundamental questions regarding such interventions have been systematically investigated through synthesising relevant experimental evidence using standard pairwise meta-analytic procedures that provide reliable estimates of the magnitude, homogeneity and potential biases in effects observed...
April 5, 2018: Health Psychology Review
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