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Health Psychology Review

Gjalt-Jorn Ygram Peters, Robert A C Ruiter, Gill A Ten Hoor, Loes T E Kessels, Gerjo Kok
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 20, 2018: Health Psychology Review
Benjamin Xavier White, Dolores Albarracín
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 4, 2018: Health Psychology Review
Ellen Peters, Brittany Shoots-Reinhard
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 25, 2018: Health Psychology Review
Anthony J Roberto, Paul A Mongeau, Yanqin Liu
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 25, 2018: Health Psychology Review
Jeff Niederdeppe, Deena Kemp
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 25, 2018: Health Psychology Review
Noel T Brewer, Marissa G Hall, Seth M Noar
In this issue of Health Psychology Review, Kok et al. (2018) argue that pictorial cigarette pack warnings are ineffective. Evidence published recently, however, shows that pictorial warnings do decrease smoking which is a notably deadly behavior (Brewer et al., 2016; Noar et al., 2017). Our commentary summarizes evidence of pictorial warnings' effectiveness and comments on other aspects of the article.
February 25, 2018: Health Psychology Review
Ron Borland
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 25, 2018: Health Psychology Review
John Malouff
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 25, 2018: Health Psychology Review
Maria Karekla, Evangelos C Karademas, Andrew T Gloster
Most health behavior intervention efforts are adapted from the typical psychological treatment experience and may not take into serious consideration theories specifically developed to describe the process of adaptation to illness. This paper presents a proposal for the combination of a theory about the experience of and adaptation to illness, that is the Common Sense Model of Self-Regulation (CSM), and an efficient psychological theory and therapy, Acceptance and Commitment Therapy (ACT). Past combinations of CSM with cognitive or cognitive-behavioral interventions have focused almost only on specific aspects of this model (mostly, illness representations and action plans) and left out other, equally important for a fruitful adaptation to illness, recommendations of the model (e...
February 5, 2018: Health Psychology Review
Ann E Caldwell, Kevin S Masters, John C Peters, Angela D Bryan, Jim Grigsby, Stephanie A Hooker, Holly R Wyatt, James O Hill
The inability to produce sustainable lifestyle modifications (e.g., physical activity, healthy diet) remains a major barrier to reducing morbidity and mortality from prevalent, preventable conditions. The objective of this paper is to present a model that builds on and extends foundational theory and research to suggest novel approaches that may help to produce lasting behavior change. The model aims to integrate factors not typically examined together in order to elucidate potential processes underlying a shift from behavior initiation to long-term maintenance...
February 5, 2018: Health Psychology Review
Keegan Knittle, Johanna Nurmi, Rik Crutzen, Nelli Hankonen, Marguerite Beattie, Stephan U Dombrowski
Motivation is a proximal determinant of behavior, and increasing motivation is central to most health behavior change interventions. This systematic review and meta-analysis sought to identify features of physical activity interventions associated with favorable changes in three prominent motivational constructs: intention, stage of change and autonomous motivation. A systematic literature search identified 89 intervention studies (k=200; N=19,212) which assessed changes in these motivational constructs for physical activity...
January 31, 2018: Health Psychology Review
Timo Gnambs, Thomas Staufenbiel
The General Health Questionnaire (GHQ-12) is a popular measure of psychological distress. Despite its widespread use, an ongoing controversy pertains to its internal structure. Although the GHQ-12 was originally constructed to capture a unitary construct, empirical studies identified different factor structures. Therefore, this study examined the dimensionality of the GHQ-12 in two independent meta-analyses. The first meta-analysis used summary data published in 38 primary studies (total N = 76,473). Meta-analytic exploratory factor analyses identified two factors formed by negatively and positively worded items...
January 11, 2018: Health Psychology Review
Kaidy Stautz, Zorana Zupan, Matt Field, Theresa M Marteau
Low self-control is associated with increased consumption of alcohol, tobacco, and unhealthy food. This systematic review aimed to assess whether individual differences in self-control modify the effectiveness of interventions to reduce consumption of these products, and hence their potential to reduce consumption amongst those whose consumption is generally greater. Searches of six databases were supplemented with snowball searches and forward citation tracking. Narrative synthesis summarised findings by: consumption behaviour (alcohol, tobacco, food); psychological processes targeted by the intervention (reflective, non-reflective, or both); and study design (experiment, cohort, or cross-sectional)...
January 2, 2018: Health Psychology Review
Gerjo Kok, Gjalt-Jorn Y Peters, Loes T E Kessels, Gill A Ten Hoor, Robert A C Ruiter
Use of fear appeals assumes that when people are emotionally confronted with the negative effects of their behaviour they will change that behaviour. That reasoning is simple and intuitive, but only true under specific, rare circumstances. Risk perception theories predict that if people will experience a threat, they want to counter that threat. However, how they do so is determined by their coping efficacy level: if efficacy is high, they may change their behaviour in the suggested direction; if efficacy is low, they react defensively...
December 28, 2017: Health Psychology Review
Máirtín S McDermott, Rajeev Sharma
The methods employed to measure behaviour in research testing the theories of reasoned action/planned behaviour (TRA/TPB) within the context of health behaviours have the potential to significantly bias findings. One bias yet to be examined in that literature is that due to common method variance (CMV). CMV introduces a variance in scores attributable to the method used to measure a construct, rather than the construct it represents. The primary aim of this study was to evaluate the impact of method bias on the associations of health behaviours with TRA/TPB variables...
December 2017: Health Psychology Review
Katarzyna Czekierda, Anna Banik, Crystal L Park, Aleksandra Luszczynska
This systematic review and meta-analysis aimed to clarify the associations between meaning in life and physical health using random-effects models. Conceptualisation of meaning (order in world vs. purpose in life), type of health indicators, participants' health status, and age issues were investigated as moderators. Systematic searches of six databases resulted in inclusion of k = 66 studies (total N = 73,546). Findings indicated that meaning in life and physical health formed weak-to-moderate associations (the overall estimate of the average effect = 0...
December 2017: Health Psychology Review
Matthew J Stork, Laura E Banfield, Martin J Gibala, Kathleen A Martin Ginis
While considerable evidence suggests that interval exercise confers numerous physiological adaptations linked to improved health, its psychological consequences and behavioural implications are less clear and the subject of intense debate. The purpose of this scoping review was to catalogue studies investigating the psychological responses to interval exercise in order to identify what psychological outcomes have been assessed, the research methods used, and the results. A secondary objective was to identify research issues and gaps...
December 2017: Health Psychology Review
Kate Sweeny, Sara E Andrews
Following surgery, some patients suffer distress, disappointment, regret, poor adjustment, and poor quality-of-life. Surgeons may define 'success' based on objective clinical outcomes, but patients' perceptions of surgical success rely primarily on a comparison to their initial expectations. We review the literature on the relationship between patients' surgical expectations and psychosocial outcomes and attempt to resolve a conflict in the literature. Specifically, we propose that conflicting conclusions regarding the merits of optimism primarily stem from differing methodological approaches by researchers in the field...
December 2017: Health Psychology Review
Suzanne McDonald, Francis Quinn, Rute Vieira, Nicola O'Brien, Martin White, Derek W Johnston, Falko F Sniehotta
n-of-1 studies test hypotheses within individuals based on repeated measurement of variables within the individual over time. Intra-individual effects may differ from those found in between-participant studies. Using examples from a systematic review of n-of-1 studies in health behaviour research, this article provides a state of the art overview of the use of n-of-1 methods, organised according to key methodological considerations related to n-of-1 design and analysis, and describes future challenges and opportunities...
December 2017: Health Psychology Review
Brett M Millar
Various lines of research have identified a number of factors that can impair a person's ability and motivation to exercise self-control, here self-regulation, in the face of a tempting object (e.g., food, sex, alcohol/drugs, smoking). Each of these in situ factors - the availability of the tempting object, one's desire for it, and impaired affective and cognitive functioning (most notably from sleep-related fatigue, daily 'wear and tear', and intoxication) - makes self-regulation more difficult, and even more so when they co-occur...
December 2017: Health Psychology Review
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