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Health Psychology Review

Christine A Gonsalves, Kerry R McGannon, Robert J Schinke, Ann Pegoraro
Cardiovascular disease is the leading cause of death and disability among women world-wide. Narratives circulated by the media regarding women's identities and health constitute one source of meanings by which conceptualizations about risk, risk reduction, and disease prevention are formed and framed. An interpretive and integrative meta-synthesis of qualitative research was done to examine the representations of women's cardiovascular disease in traditional and user-generated Canadian and U.S. media narratives, and explore the implications of these for gendered identities and health promotion for women...
January 11, 2017: Health Psychology Review
Denise De Ridder, Marleen Gillebaart
It seems common knowledge that trait self-control helps people to achieve the things they find important in their lives by not being distracted by immediate pleasures and temptations. Initial evidence suggests that trait self-control is important in well-being as well, with people high in self-control experiencing more positive momentary affect, life satisfaction, and happiness. Whereas it is not so difficult to imagine why effortful inhibition of impulses would benefit continued striving for long-term personal goals, it is more challenging to understand why self-control would make people happier and more satisfied with their lives...
December 12, 2016: Health Psychology Review
Britt Ahlstrom, Tran Dinh, Martie G Haselton, A Janet Tomiyama
Health psychologists aim to improve eating behaviour to achieve health. Yet the effectiveness of healthy eating interventions is often minimal. This ineffectiveness may be in part because many healthy eating interventions are in a battle against evolved mechanisms (e.g., hedonic and related systems) that promote the consumption of energy-dense foods. Such foods, once rare, are now abundant in our obesogenic society, and consequently the evolved desire for energy-dense foods can now easily lead to the overconsumption of sugary, processed, and unhealthy foods...
November 14, 2016: Health Psychology Review
Lenneke van Genugten, Elise Dusseldorp, Emma K Massey, Pepijn van Empelen
Mental wellbeing is influenced by self-regulation processes. However, little is known on the efficacy of change techniques based on self-regulation to promote mental wellbeing. The aim of this meta-analysis is to identify effective self-regulation techniques (SRTs) in primary and secondary prevention interventions on mental wellbeing in adolescents. Forty interventions were included in the analyses. Techniques were coded into 9 categories of SRTs. Meta-analyses were conducted to identify the effectiveness of SRTs, examining three different outcomes: internalising behaviour, externalising behaviour and self-esteem...
October 31, 2016: Health Psychology Review
Gareth J Hollands, Theresa M Marteau, Paul C Fletcher
Much of the global burden of non-communicable disease is caused by unhealthy behaviours that individuals enact even when informed of their health-harming consequences. A key insight is that these behaviours are not predominantly driven by deliberative conscious decisions, but occur directly in response to environmental cues and without necessary representation of their consequences. Consequently, interventions that target non-conscious rather than conscious processes to change health behaviour may have significant potential, but this important premise remains largely untested...
December 2016: Health Psychology Review
Martin S Hagger
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 10, 2016: Health Psychology Review
Benjamin Margolin Rottman, Zachary A Marcum, Carolyn T Thorpe, Walid F Gellad
Non-adherence to medications is one of the largest contributors to sub-optimal health outcomes. Many theories of adherence include a 'value-expectancy' component in which a patient decides to take a medication partly based on expectations about whether it is effective, necessary, and tolerable. We propose reconceptualizing this common theme as a kind of 'causal learning' - the patient learns whether a medication is effective, necessary, and tolerable, from experience with the medication. We apply cognitive psychology theories of how people learn cause-effect relations to elaborate this causal learning challenge...
October 5, 2016: Health Psychology Review
Sarah Denford, Charles Abraham, Rona Campbell, Heide Busse
OBJECTIVE: To systematically review systematic reviews of school-based sexual-health and relationship Education (SHRE) programmes and, thereby, identify interventions and intervention components that promote reductions in risky sexual behaviour among young people. METHODS: Electronic bibliographies were searched systematically to identify systematic reviews of school-based interventions targeting sexual-health. Results were summarised using a narrative synthesis...
September 28, 2016: Health Psychology Review
Charles Abraham
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2016: Health Psychology Review
Gjalt-Jorn Ygram Peters, Gerjo Kok
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2016: Health Psychology Review
Jane Ogden
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2016: Health Psychology Review
Jane Ogden
Within any discipline there is always a degree of variability. For medicine it takes the form of Health Professional's behaviour, for education it's the style and content of the classroom, and for health psychology, it can be found in patient's behaviour, the theories used and clinical practice. Over recent years, attempts have been made to reduce this variability through the use of the Behaviour Change Technique Taxonomy, the COM-B and the Behaviour Change Wheel. This paper argues that although the call for better descriptions of what is done is useful for clarity and replication, this systematisation may be neither feasible nor desirable...
September 2016: Health Psychology Review
Marie Johnston
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2016: Health Psychology Review
Parminder Sonia Kaur Dhiman
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2016: Health Psychology Review
Dolores Albarracin, Laura R Glasman
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2016: Health Psychology Review
Pedro J Teixeira
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2016: Health Psychology Review
Jason C H Tang, Charles Abraham, Colin J Greaves, Vasilis Nikolaou
Many self-directed weight-loss interventions have been developed using a variety of delivery formats (e.g., internet and smartphone) and change techniques. Yet, little research has examined whether self-directed interventions can exclusively promote weight loss. MEDLINE, Embase, PsycINFO, CINAHL, and the Cochrane Library were systematically reviewed for randomised controlled trials evaluating self-directed interventions in relation to weight-loss outcomes in adults. Standardised mean differences (SMD) and 95% confidence intervals (CI) were calculated using a random effects model...
September 2016: Health Psychology Review
Nicola Black, Barbara Mullan, Louise Sharpe
The current aim was to examine the effectiveness of behaviour change techniques (BCTs), theory and other characteristics in increasing the effectiveness of computer-delivered interventions (CDIs) to reduce alcohol consumption. Included were randomised studies with a primary aim of reducing alcohol consumption, which compared self-directed CDIs to assessment-only control groups. CDIs were coded for the use of 42 BCTs from an alcohol-specific taxonomy, the use of theory according to a theory coding scheme and general characteristics such as length of the CDI...
September 2016: Health Psychology Review
F Marijn Stok, Emely de Vet, Denise T D de Ridder, John B F de Wit
This systematic review aims to assess the role that peer social norms play in shaping young people's food intake, focusing on the important questions of for whom and when peer social norms are related to how much young people eat. Thirty-three eligible studies were reviewed (17 correlational, 16 experimental). All but one correlational studies found significant associations between norms and food intake. All experimental studies found effects of norm manipulations on food intake, and some evidence was found of behavioural spillover effects of norms...
September 2016: Health Psychology Review
Dominika Kwasnicka, Stephan U Dombrowski, Martin White, Falko Sniehotta
BACKGROUND: Behaviour change interventions are effective in supporting individuals in achieving temporary behaviour change. Behaviour change maintenance, however, is rarely attained. The aim of this review was to identify and synthesise current theoretical explanations for behaviour change maintenance to inform future research and practice. METHODS: Potentially relevant theories were identified through systematic searches of electronic databases (Ovid MEDLINE, Embase, PsycINFO)...
September 2016: Health Psychology Review
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