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Health Psychology Review

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28415894/should-patients-be-optimistic-about-surgery-resolving-a-conflicted-literature
#1
Kate Sweeny, Sara E Andrews
Following surgery, some patients suffer distress, disappointment, regret, poor adjustment, and poor quality-of-life. Surgeons may define "success" based on objective clinical outcomes, but patients' perceptions of surgical success rely primarily on a comparison to their initial expectations. We review the literature on the relationship between patients' surgical expectations and psychosocial outcomes and attempt to resolve a conflict in the literature. Specifically, we propose that conflicting conclusions regarding the merits of optimism primarily stem from differing methodological approaches by researchers in the field...
April 17, 2017: Health Psychology Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28406349/the-state-of-the-art-and-future-opportunities-for-using-longitudinal-n-of-1-methods-in-health-behaviour-research-a-systematic-literature-overview
#2
Suzanne McDonald, Francis Quinn, Rute Vieira, Nicola O'Brien, Martin White, Derek Johnston, Falko F Sniehotta
N-of-1 studies test hypotheses within individuals based on repeated measurement of variables within the individual over time. Intra-individual effects may differ from those found in between-participant studies. Using examples from a systematic review of n-of-1 studies in health behaviour research, this article provides a state of the art overview of the use of n-of-1 methods, organised according to key methodological considerations related to n-of-1 design and analysis, and describes future challenges and opportunities...
April 13, 2017: Health Psychology Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28281891/understanding-the-challenge-of-weight-loss-maintenance-a-systematic-review-and-synthesis-of-qualitative-research-on-weight-loss-maintenance
#3
Colin Greaves, Leon Poltawski, Ruth Garside, Simon Briscoe
Behaviour change interventions can be effective in helping people to lose weight, but weight is often regained. Effective interventions are required to prevent this. We conducted a systematic review and synthesis of qualitative research on people's experiences of weight loss maintenance. We searched bibliographic databases for qualitative studies about the experience of currently or previously overweight adults trying to maintain weight loss. We thematically synthesised study findings to develop a model of weight loss maintenance...
April 7, 2017: Health Psychology Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28385063/clocking-self-regulation-why-time-of-day-matters-for-health-psychology
#4
Brett M Millar
Various lines of research have identified a number of factors that can impair a person's ability and motivation to exercise self-control, here self-regulation, in the face of a tempting object (e.g., food, sex, alcohol/drugs, smoking). Each of these in-situ factors-the availability of the tempting object, one's desire for it, and impaired affective and cognitive functioning (most notably from sleep-related fatigue, daily 'wear and tear', and intoxication)-makes self-regulation more difficult, and even more so when they co-occur...
April 6, 2017: Health Psychology Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28385061/confidence-in-constant-progress-or-how-pragmatic-nihilism-encourages-optimism-through-modesty
#5
Gjalt-Jorn Ygram Peters, Rik Crutzen
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 6, 2017: Health Psychology Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28292216/thinking-is-the-best-way-to-travel-towards-an-ecological-interactionist-approach-a-comment-on-peters-and-crutzen
#6
H de Vries
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 15, 2017: Health Psychology Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28287341/what-are-psychological-constructs-on-the-nature-and-statistical-modeling-of-emotions-intelligence-personality-traits-and-mental-disorders
#7
Eiko I Fried
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 13, 2017: Health Psychology Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28287335/why-i-am-not-a-fan-of-pragmatic-nihilism
#8
David Trafimow
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 13, 2017: Health Psychology Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28287027/the-reasoned-actions-of-an-espresso-machine-a-comment-on-peters-and-crutzen-2017
#9
Stefan Gruijters
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 13, 2017: Health Psychology Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28278003/participant-experiences-and-perceptions-of-physical-activity-enhancing-interventions-for-people-with-physical-impairments-and-mobility-limitations-a-meta-synthesis-of-qualitative-research-evidence
#10
Toni L Williams, Jasmin K Ma, Kathleen A Martin Ginis
Disabled people face multiple personal, environmental and social barriers that interfere with leading a physically active lifestyle. Thus, there is an urgent need for behaviour change interventions to increase physical activity (PA) by specifically addressing the situations of disabled people, and barriers to participation. This original meta-synthesis of qualitative research was undertaken to explore participants' experiences and perceptions of PA-enhancing interventions for adults with physical impairments resulting in mobility limitations...
March 13, 2017: Health Psychology Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28277013/examining-the-efficacy-of-social-psychological-interventions-for-the-management-of-fatigue-in-end-stage-kidney-disease-eskd-a-systematic-review-with-meta-analysis
#11
Federica Picariello, Joanna L Hudson, Rona Moss-Morris, Iain C Macdougall, Joseph Chilcot
Fatigue affects between 42% and 89% of end-stage kidney disease (ESKD) patients, with significant repercussions on quality of life and clinical outcomes. Fatigue management revolves around pharmacotherapy or exercise, which have only modest and short-term improvements. The aim of this systematic review was to investigate whether social-psychological interventions are effective at reducing fatigue in ESKD. Databases were searched to identify randomized controlled trials (RCTs) and quasi-RCTs that determined the effect of social-psychological interventions on fatigue (primary or secondary outcome), in the renal patient population...
March 6, 2017: Health Psychology Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28145156/correction-to-hagger-non-conscious-processes-and-dual-process-theories-in-health-psychology
#12
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 1, 2017: Health Psychology Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28077036/mass-media-narratives-of-women-s-cardiovascular-disease-a-qualitative-meta-synthesis
#13
Christine A Gonsalves, Kerry R McGannon, Robert J Schinke, Ann Pegoraro
Cardiovascular disease is the leading cause of death and disability among women worldwide. Narratives circulated by the media regarding women's identities and health constitute one source of meanings by which conceptualisations about risk, risk reduction, and disease prevention are formed and framed. An interpretive and integrative meta-synthesis of qualitative research was done to examine the representations of women's cardiovascular disease in traditional and user-generated Canadian and US media narratives, and explore the implications of these for gendered identities and health promotion for women...
February 1, 2017: Health Psychology Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28110627/pragmatic-nihilism-how-a-theory-of-nothing-can-help-health-psychology-progress
#14
Gjalt-Jorn Ygram Peters, Rik Crutzen
Health psychology aims to explain and change a wide variety of behaviours, and to this end has developed a plethora of theories. Several attempts have been undertaken to build integrative theories, and some even strive for a Theory of Everything. We argue against these efforts, arguing that instead, adopting a stance that may be called 'pragmatic nihilism' is more fruitful in the endeavour to understand and change specific health behaviours. The first tenet of pragmatic nihilism is that psychological variables, those defined in our health psychology theories, are usefully considered as metaphors rather than referring to entities that exist in the mind...
January 22, 2017: Health Psychology Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28100108/the-common-sense-model-of-self-regulation-csm-sr-and-its-role-in-predicting-and-facilitating-health-outcomes
#15
Martin Hagger
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 18, 2017: Health Psychology Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27899059/lessons-learned-from-trait-self-control-in-well-being-making-the-case-for-routines-and-initiation-as-important-components-of-trait-self-control
#16
Denise De Ridder, Marleen Gillebaart
It seems common knowledge that trait self-control helps people to achieve the things they find important in their lives by not being distracted by immediate pleasures and temptations. Initial evidence suggests that trait self-control is important in well-being as well, with people high in self-control experiencing more positive momentary affect, life satisfaction, and happiness. Whereas it is not so difficult to imagine why effortful inhibition of impulses would benefit continued striving for long-term personal goals, it is more challenging to understand why self-control would make people happier and more satisfied with their lives...
December 12, 2016: Health Psychology Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27556686/relationship-of-health-locus-of-control-with-specific-health-behaviours-and-global-health-appraisal-a-meta-analysis-and-effects-of-moderators
#17
Cecilia Cheng, Mike W-L Cheung, Barbara C Y Lo
Health locus of control (HLOC) refers to beliefs regarding how one's health is influenced by oneself, others, or fate. This meta-analysis investigated whether three HLOC dimensions (internality/I-HLOC, powerful others/P-HLOC, chance/C-HLOC) were related to both specific health behaviours and global health appraisal, and whether these relationships were moderated by gender and age compositions, individualism, and power distance. Three-level mixed-effects meta-analysis was performed on studies examining the associations of HLOC with specific health behaviour (k = 76, N = 76,580, 57% women, Mage = 43...
December 2016: Health Psychology Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27535821/behaviour-centred-design-towards-an-applied-science-of-behaviour-change
#18
Robert Aunger, Valerie Curtis
Behaviour change has become a hot topic. We describe a new approach, Behaviour Centred Design (BCD), which encompasses a theory of change, a suite of behavioural determinants and a programme design process. The theory of change is generic, assuming that successful interventions must create a cascade of effects via environments, through brains, to behaviour and hence to the desired impact, such as improved health. Changes in behaviour are viewed as the consequence of a reinforcement learning process involving the targeting of evolved motives and changes to behaviour settings, and are produced by three types of behavioural control mechanism (automatic, motivated and executive)...
December 2016: Health Psychology Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27144729/health-goal-priming-as-a-situated-intervention-tool-how-to-benefit-from-nonconscious-motivational-routes-to-health-behaviour
#19
Esther K Papies
Recent research has shown the limited effects of intentions on behaviour, so that novel methods to facilitate behaviour change are needed that do not rely on conscious intentions. Here, it is argued that nonintentional effects on health behaviour, such as the effects of habits, impulses, and nonconscious goals, occur through the activation of cognitive structures by specific situations. Interventions should therefore be situated to change these effects, either by changing the critical cognitive structures (training interventions), or by changing which cognitive structures get activated (cueing interventions)...
December 2016: Health Psychology Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26745243/non-conscious-processes-in-changing-health-related-behaviour-a-conceptual-analysis-and-framework
#20
Gareth J Hollands, Theresa M Marteau, Paul C Fletcher
Much of the global burden of non-communicable disease is caused by unhealthy behaviours that individuals enact even when informed of their health-harming consequences. A key insight is that these behaviours are not predominantly driven by deliberative conscious decisions, but occur directly in response to environmental cues and without necessary representation of their consequences. Consequently, interventions that target non-conscious rather than conscious processes to change health behaviour may have significant potential, but this important premise remains largely untested...
December 2016: Health Psychology Review
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