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Materia Socio-medica

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28144203/socio-demographic-characteristics-of-patients-with-diagnosis-of-leukemia-in-bosnia-and-herzegovina-during-six-year-period
#1
Edo Hasanbegovic, Nedim Begic, Snijezana Hasanbegovic, Zijo Begic
INTRODUCTION: Malignancies in children are second most frequent cause of death after accidents in pediatric age, while leukemias represents 30% of all malignancies of children age. AIM: To present the social and demographic characteristics of patients with a diagnosis of leukemia in Bosnia and Herzegovina during six years period. PATIENTS AND METHODS: The study included 97 patients (from birth to 18 years old) with diagnosis of acute leukemia...
December 2016: Materia Socio-medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28144202/students-attitudes-towards-research-at-mazandaran-university-of-medical-sciences-in-2015
#2
Hasan Siamian, Roghayeh Mahmoudi, Fatemeh Habibi, Mahsoomeh Latifi, Vahideh Zare-Gavgani
BACKGROUND: In today's world, one of the criteria of progress in a country is research. In our country instead of paying to the research and study, attention is given to the training of human resources. Therefore, this study aimed to investigate Students' Attitudes towards Research at Mazandaran University of Medical Sciences in 2015. METHODS: In this cross-sectional study the data tool was questionnaire given to the study subjects. The study population were all the paramedical college students at Mazandaran University of Medical Sciences selected...
December 2016: Materia Socio-medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28144201/a-cost-benefit-analysis-of-a-proposed-immigrant-latent-tuberculosis-infection-screening-program-for-cyprus
#3
Savvas Zannetos, Michael A Talias
INTRODUCTION: The study explored the potential economic benefit of an expanded screening program of immigrants before entrance to Cyprus as a policy to reduce the overall cost of tuberculosis (TB). Thus, the aim of this study is to study whether screening all immigrants coming from countries (including European Union countries) with high incidence of tuberculosis would be in the economic interest of the Republic of Cyprus or not. METHODS: In order to assess whether it could be economically beneficial for Cyprus to expand the screening checks for TB to all immigrants coming from high prevalence countries, a Cost-Benefit Analysis (CBA) was employed, and the Net Present Value (NPV) of the project was calculated...
December 2016: Materia Socio-medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28144200/efficacy-and-safety-of-oral-spray-containing-lysozyme-and-cetylpyridinium-subjective-determination-of-patients-with-tonsillopharyngitis
#4
Tarik Catic, Meliha Mehic, Zahida Binakaj, Bilsena Sahman, Vedina Cordalija, Amra Kerla, Igor Martinovic, Hajra Eskic
INTRODUCTION: Tonsillopharyngitis (sore throat) is a common disease mainly related to the seasonal common cold. To relieve unpleasant symptoms and discomfort of acute tonsillopharyngitis associated with common cold, patients usually take some non-prescription drugs. THE AIM: The primary aim of this study was to assess subjective determinations of the efficacy and the safety/tolerability of an oral spray comprising a combination of lysozyme chloride and cetylpyridinium chloride in those patients...
December 2016: Materia Socio-medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28144199/open-clinical-trial-on-using-nifuroxazide-compared-to-probiotics-in-treating-acute-diarrhoeas-in-adults
#5
Begler Begovic, Sead Ahmedtagic, Lejla Calkic, Midhat Vehabović, Sanela Bakić Kovacevic, Tarik Catic, Meliha Mehic
BACKGROUND: Nifuroxazide is well known and often used anti-diarrhoeal medicine which has been pushed back from routine practice in recent years and often replaced with probiotics. Even probiotics are accepted and placed in some therapeutic guidelines for diarrhoea treatment, there are no enough evidence for its effectiveness and no comparative efficacy data with nifuroxazide in treatment of acute diarrhea. PATIENTS AND METHODS: In open, prospective observational study, the efficacy and safety of nifuroxazide were compared with a probiotic containing lactic acid bacteria in the treatment of acute diarrhoea...
December 2016: Materia Socio-medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28144198/the-impact-of-antibiotic-consumption-on-development-of-acinetobacter-baumannii-resistance
#6
Djana Granov, Amela Dedeic Ljubovic, Svjetlana Loga Zec, Nermir Granov, Mirsada Hukic
AIM: The aim of this study was to examine the impact of antibiotic consumption on development of antimicrobial resistance in Acinetobacter baumannii. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The study was conducted in University Clinical Center of Sarajevo. In our retrospective study Acinetobacter baumannii isolated in period from July 1(st) 2009 to December 31(st) 2012. Isolates were detected from different clinical samples including urine, wound swab, blood, bronchial aspirate and other samples which were collected from patients situated on various hospital wards...
December 2016: Materia Socio-medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28144197/epidemiologic-investigation-of-dysentery-in-north-of-iran-use-of-geographic-information-system-gis
#7
Aliasghar Nadi, Ghassem Abedi, Khatoon Isazadeh, Farideh Rostami, Hasan Siamian, Mahbobeh Hosseini, Mehran Asadi-Aliabadi
INTRODUCTION: Dysentery is an intestinal inflammation which is created by the microorganisms attacking intestine mucus. Knowing the prevalence of this disease in different societies paves the way for programming and providing treatment and preventive measures. The main purpose of this study is to investigate the epidemiologic pattern and geographical distribution of dysentery based on GIS. METHOD: This was a cross-sectional and analytical study. The dysentery cases were gathered from the section of contagious diseases in health chancellery of Mazandaran University of medical sciences through a checklist during the years 2008 to 2013...
December 2016: Materia Socio-medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28144196/changes-in-professionals-attitudes-and-approaches-to-parents-in-the-drug-and-alcohol-treatment
#8
Evdokia Missouridou, Despina Esseridou
BACKGROUND: Parental involvement with drug and alcohol services remains limited. AIM: to illuminate changes in addiction professionals' subjective attitudes and approaches of parents over time in their career. METHODS: Overall, twenty seven drug and alcohol professionals participated in the study. RESULTS: Themes depicting changes on therapists' attitudes, beliefs and experiences of working with the families of their clients are 'Redefining therapeutic role and expectations', 'Increased understanding and acceptance', 'Finding the right distance in relationships', 'Ability to contain feelings and experiences', 'Being selective in collaborations with professionals', 'Empathy for coworkers and increased collaboration'...
December 2016: Materia Socio-medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28144195/oral-health-of-down-syndrome-adults-in-bosnia-and-herzegovina
#9
Selma Porovic, Amila Zukanovic, Hrvoje Juric, Senka Mesihovic Dinarevic
INTRODUCTION: The objective of this study was to determine the oral health condition Down syndrome (DS) adults in Bosnia and Herzegovina, by analyzing oral health of Down syndrome individuals in two largest regions, Sarajevo and Tuzla Canton. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Caries and oral health status of 33 Down syndrome adults aged 19-45 years were examined and assessed according WHO 1997 criteria. RESULTS: The mean DMFT index is 15,96±8,08. The analysis of oral hygiene of Down syndrome children by using the debris index, is found that 42,4% have very good oral hygiene, 21,2% respondents have good oral hygiene, 27,3% are with poor oral hygiene, while the very poor hygiene have 9,1% subjects...
December 2016: Materia Socio-medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28144194/the-effects-of-a-web-application-and-medical-monitoring-on-the-quality-of-medication-adverse-drug-events-and-adherence-in-the-elderly-living-at-home-a-protocol-of-the-study
#10
Polona Selic, Eva Cedilnik Gorup, Savin Gorup, Marija Petek Ster, Janez Rifel, Zalika Klemenc Ketis
BACKGROUND: In more than half of elderly chronically-ill family clinic attendees, drug prescribing deviates from the internationally acknowledged STOPP/START recommendations. Our study will determine whether it is possible to improve the quality of drug prescriptions in chronically-ill elderly people living at home by regularly monitoring the prescribed drugs according to STOPP/START criteria. METHODS: The project started in 2014 and will run until 2017. Forty general practitioners (GPs) are participating in a pragmatic randomized controlled trial...
December 2016: Materia Socio-medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28144193/medical-expenses-matter-most-for-the-poor-evidence-from-a-vietnamese-medical-survey
#11
Quan Hoang Vuong
INTRODUCTION: Less developed countries, Vietnam included, face serious challenges of inefficient diagnosis, inaccessibility to healthcare facilities, and high medical expenses. Information on medical costs, technical and professional capabilities of healthcare providers and service deliveries becomes influential when it comes to patients' decision on choices of healthcare providers. METHODS: The study employs a data set containing 1,459 observations collected from a survey on Vietnamese patients in late 2015...
December 2016: Materia Socio-medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28144192/predictability-of-social-anamnestic-variables-on-receptive-vocabulary-and-cognitive-functioning-of-the-elderly-population
#12
Amela Ibrahimagic, Lejla Junuzovic Zunic, Mirsada Rasidovic, Bojan Radic, Ahmet Kantic
INTRODUCTION: Aging, as an irrepressible biological process involves a series of physiological and pathological changes. The main aim of this study was to examine the correlation and predictability of receptive vocabulary and cognitive functioning of elderly people with anamnestic variables: chronological age, sex, level of formal education, marital status, years of work and retirement and years spent in an institution for the elderly. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The sample of participants consisted of 120 elderly people, average age was 78 years, placed in institutional care for elderly people in four cities in Bosnia and Herzegovina...
December 2016: Materia Socio-medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28144191/the-influence-of-palliative-care-on-quality-of-life-in-patients-with-lung-cancer
#13
Adnan Delibegovic, Osman Sinanovic, Gordan Galic, Adela Sabic, Dzevad Sabic
OBJECTIVE: Objective of this work is to determine influence of palliative care on the quality of life in patients with lung cancer. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Our study group included 40 patients, consecutively selected, which is determined by symptomatic treatment and hospitalized at the Department of Palliative Care of University Clinical Center Tuzla. The control group consisted of 40 patients who had a diagnosis of lung cancer treated at home by an authorized ambulance Health Center Tuzla...
December 2016: Materia Socio-medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28144190/antibiotic-resistance-in-urinary-isolates-of-escherichia-coli
#14
Amila Abduzaimovic, Mufida Aljicevic, Velma Rebic, Sabina Mahmutovic Vranic, Kadrija Abduzaimovic, Sabina Sestic
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to examine the presence of antimicrobial resistance / susceptibility strains of Escherichia coli in inpatients and outpatients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: It is a retrospective study carried out at the Department of Microbiology, Parasitology and Virology Faculty of Medicine, University of Sarajevo. In cooperation with the Microbiological laboratory of the Cantonal Hospital Zenica and the Microbiological laboratory of the General Hospital Tesanj, 3863 urine samples were processed in the period from March 1(st) to March 31(st) 2016...
December 2016: Materia Socio-medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28144189/correlation-of-the-lipid-profile-bmi-and-bone-mineral-density-in-postmenopausal-women
#15
Radojka Bijelic, Jagoda Balaban, Snjezana Milicevic
INTRODUCTION: To the reduction of bone density and osteoporosis in postmenopausal women contribute elevated lipid parameters and Body Mass Index (BMI). GOAL: The goal of our study was to determine the correlation between lipid parameters, BMI and osteoporosis in postmenopausal women. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The study was carried out by matched type between experimental group and controls. The experimental group consisted of 100 females at postmenopausal age, in which by the DEXA method was diagnosed osteoporosis at the Department of Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolic Diseases, University Medical Center of RS during 2015-2016, while the control group consisted of 100 females in a postmenopausal age but without diagnosed osteoporosis...
December 2016: Materia Socio-medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28144188/clinical-manifestations-in-82-neurobrucellosis-patients-from-kosovo
#16
Shemsedin Dreshaj, Nexhmedin Shala, Gresa Dreshaj, Naser Ramadani, Albina Ponosheci
BACKGROUND: Central nervous system involvement is a serious complication of brucellosis with various incidence and various clinical presentations. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Hospitalized patients in University Clinical Centre, Clinic for Infectious diseases in Prishtina, with laboratory-confirmed brucellosis, were analyzed, a brucellosis-endemic region. Among the 648 confirmed cases with brucellosis during the period 1991- 2013, 82 patients (12.65%) were diagnosed with neurobrucellosis...
December 2016: Materia Socio-medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27999493/economic-importance-of-the-preventive-measures-in-dentistry
#17
Emsudina Deljo, Zinaida Sijercic, Amina Mulaosmanovic, Alma Musanovic, Nedim Prses
INTRODUCTION: Previous studies have shown that the state of oral health in the area of Podrinje Canton is really poor. Taking into account that in the last five years are implemented two projects in the municipality it is necessary to examine the impact of preventive measures in dentistry on the oral health. THE RESEARCH GOALS ARE: a) To evaluate the impact of continuing education and local fluoridation on the state of oral health; b) To analyze the economic importance of preventive measures...
October 2016: Materia Socio-medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27999492/evaluation-of-denture-related-factors-predisposing-to-denture-stomatitis-in-a-lebanese-population
#18
Georges Aoun, Antoine Cassia
BACKGROUND: Denture stomatitis is a common fungal oral infection of multifactorial etiology. Denture-related factors such as denture's age, hygiene, night wearing and colonization by Candida albicans are known to predispose to denture stomatitis. The aim of this study was to evaluate these factors and their relationship with the occurrence of denture stomatitis in a Lebanese population. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Sixty patients (40 women, 20 men; age range 40-80 years) showing clinical evidence of denture-related stomatitis were selected for this study...
October 2016: Materia Socio-medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27999491/reliability-validity-and-psychometric-properties-of-the-greek-translation-of-the-cambridge-depersonalization-scale-cds
#19
Konstantinos Kontoangelos, Sofia Tsiori, Garyfalia Poulakou, Konstantinos Protopapas, Ioannis Katsarolis, Vissaria Sakka, Dimitra Kavatha, Antonios Papadopoulos, Anastasia Antoniadou, Charalambos C Papageorgiou
INTRODUCTION: The Cambridge Depersonalisation Scale is meant to capture the frequency and duration of depersonalisation symptoms over the 'last 6 months'. METHODS: In order to develop a Greek version of CDS scale, the CDS scale was translated in Greek by 2 psychiatrists. Then, the Greek version of CDS scale was back-translated by a person who did not knew the original English version. The back-translated version was reviewed in order to establish whether is consistent with the original English version...
October 2016: Materia Socio-medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27999490/predictors-for-post-stroke-delirium-outcome
#20
Zikrija Dostovic, Ernestina Dostovic, Dzevdet Smajlovic, Omer C Ibrahimagic, Leila Avdic, Elvir Becirovic
BACKGROUND: There have been only a small number of studies that have evaluated the outcome of post-stroke delirium. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the effects of gender, age, stroke localization, delirium severity, previous illnesses, associated medical complications on delirium outcome as well as, to determine effects of delirium on cognitive functioning one year after stroke. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Comprehensive neuropsychological assessments were performed within the first week of stroke onset, at hospital discharge, and followed-up for 3, 6 and 12 months after stroke...
October 2016: Materia Socio-medica
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