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Materia Socio-medica

Lejla Zunic, Armin Skrbo, Amra Dobraca
Introduction: Pharmacy and medicine belong to the oldest human activities, so the development of these sciences is closely related to the socio-economic, cultural and religious opportunities of the nations within which they have been developing. Goals: To present the historical influence of pharmacy on the development of the human being from its very beginning; To present the historical link between pharmaceutical and medical activity, as well as early development of independent pharmaceutical activity; To present the historical influence of pharmacists on the development of botany and pharmacognosy and to present the historical influence of the first written herbarium and incunabula on the development of pharmacognosy...
December 2017: Materia Socio-medica
Salih Tandir, Adnan Mujezinovic, Suad Sivic, Aida Sivic, Lejla Lihic-Tandir
Introduction: Alimentary toxoinfections represent a significant public health problem. Globalization of the market and food production, significant impoverishment of a large part of the population, and traditional approach with food preparation and consumption, cause a significant increase in the rates of population infections around the world. The epidemiological surveillance of the illness occurrence plays a significant role in monitoring and controlling the population's burden of diseases caused by unhygienically prepared and stored food...
December 2017: Materia Socio-medica
Katarzyna Czabanowska, Alicja Domagała, Stavroula Kalaitzi, Aleksandra Krogulec, Genc Burazeri, Suzanne Babich
Introduction: Female managers in the Polish health care system are seldom a subject of scientific investigation. Material and Methods: This study describes the share and profile of women in health care management positions and explores how and why Polish female health care managers add value to the leadership of health care organizations. Three data collection methods were used including: scoping review, analysis of data from governmental information bases and in-depth interviews with female health care managers...
December 2017: Materia Socio-medica
Marija Bender, Edin Jusufovic, Vesna Railic, Sima Kelava, Selma Tinjak, Damir Dzevdetbegovic, Dario Mot, Mensuda Tresnjo, Sandra Lakicevic, Natasa Pejanovic-Skobic, Osman Sinanovic
Introduction: The burden of stroke has been increasing worldwide, especially in developing countries. Very few data regarding epidemiology of stroke are available in Bosnia and Herzegovina (BH). Patients and methods: We undertook a retrospective hospital-based study in all hospitals existing in five cantons and one district of BH. The patients were recruited between January 1st, 2014, and December 31st, 2014, and only first-ever-in-lifetime strokes (FES) were included for evaluation...
December 2017: Materia Socio-medica
Emira Svraka, Muris Pecar, Amila Jaganjac, Amra Macak Hadziomerovic, Eldad Kaljic, Almir Kovacevic
Introduction: Osteoarthritis of the joints (osteoarthritis or arthritis) represents the largest group of rheumatic diseases. Within rheumatic diseases 50% are degenerative rheumatic diseases, 10% inflammatory and 40% extra-articular. Goal: To determine the modalities of physical therapy for elderly with degenerative diseases. Material and methods: The study is retrospective-prospective and descriptive. The survey conducted included 25 patients with degenerative diseases of the musculoskeletal and nervous systems in Gerontology Center in Sarajevo, from May 1, 2014- April 30, 2015...
December 2017: Materia Socio-medica
Enisa Ramic, Senada Selmanovic, Esad Alibasic, Dzevad Dzananovic, Fejzo Dzafic, Irma Ramic
Introduction: There are four main multifactorial syndromes in geriatrics the so-called "4N", which specifically occur at elderly patients. Listed syndromes often occur related, and they can be the cause and the result of many other syndromes at geriatric patients. Objective: determine the difference in the assessment of the level of immobility, instability, dependence, urinary incontinence ("4N") in elderly groups. Materials and methods: The research included total 200 elderly respondents experimental group made of elderly persons (>65 years) living alone...
December 2017: Materia Socio-medica
Es-Hagh Ildarabadi, Mohammad Reza Armat, Vahideh Motamedosanaye, Farzaneh Ghanei
Background: Oral health of elderly people plays a major role in their overall health and quality of life, and is an integral part of personal care. Aim: The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of implementing the oral health care program (OHCP) on oral health status of elderly people resident in nursing homes. Materials and Methods: This quasi-experimental study was carried out using a pretest-posttest design on 101 elderly people (46 in the intervention group and 55 in the control group) resident in two randomly selected nursing homes in Mashhad, Iran...
December 2017: Materia Socio-medica
Narges Sadat Shams-Hosseini, Tahereh Vahdati, Zeinab Mohammadzadeh, Ali Yeganeh, Somayeh Davoodi
Introduction: Musculoskeletal disorders (MSD) have become significant problems for all health care workers especially dentists. This systematic review provides prevalence of MSD in dentists of Iran. Material and Methods: In this study all published literatures about MSD in Iranian dentists were selected without any time limits or other restrictions. However, it was found that the studies about MSD among Iranian dentist are very low. Results: The results of literatures investigations show that the prevalence was between 0...
December 2017: Materia Socio-medica
Azadeh Leland, Kamran Tavakol, Joel Scholten, Debra Mathis, David Maron, Simin Bakhshi
Background: This study focussed on the effect of dual versus single tasking on balance, gait and cognition in veterans with mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI). We examined the correlation between these parameters, with responses to questions on community reintegration activities. Method: 22 male and female veterans (aged 19-65) walked along a narrow and 6.1-meter long path, both at their self-selected and fastest but safe pace under single and dual tasking conditions...
December 2017: Materia Socio-medica
Seyed Aliasghar Razavi, Afsaneh Shahrabi, Hasan Siamian
Aim of the study: The aim of this research was to study of the relationship between research anxiety and self-efficacy from viewpoints of students at the Islamic Azad University (Babol Branch). Methods: The present study is applied research which using a survey and has done by descriptive approach. The study sample included of MA and PhD Students of which 312 were selected Stratified randomness at Islamic Azad University (Babol Branch). The instrument used for data collection, including two standard questionnaires, General Self-Efficacy Questionnaire and research anxiety Inventory...
December 2017: Materia Socio-medica
Tayebeh Malmir, Hedayat Jafari, Zahra Ramezanalzadeh, Jabbar Heydari
Introduction: Acceptance and commitment therapy tries to increase one's psychological acceptance regarding subjective experiences (thoughts, feelings, etc.,) and in turn, decrease ineffective control actions. Aim: The current study was conducted with the aim to investigate the effect of acceptance and commitment therapy (ACT) on the amount of life expectancy and anxiety among bereaved patients. Material and Methods: This research was a quasi-experimental study with pretest-post-test control group design...
December 2017: Materia Socio-medica
Ghahraman Mahmoudi, Fahimeh Hoseinian Rostami, Shaharbanoo Mahmoudjanloo, Mohammad Ali Jahani
Introduction: Motivational deficiencies and the low quality of working life significantly reduce employees' work performance and consequently their efficacy (effectiveness and proper performance in doing a task or specific tasks). Aim: The aim of this study was to determine the relationship between achievement motivation and quality of working life with self-efficacy among staff working in Mazandaran hospitals, by taking organizational ownership as a mediator variable...
December 2017: Materia Socio-medica
Nabil Naser, Mirza Dilic, Azra Durak, Mehmed Kulic, Esad Pepic, Elnur Smajic, Zumreta Kusljugic
Introduction: Atrial fibrillation (AF) is the most common form of cardiac arrhythmia in clinical practice and its prevalence increases with age. Patients who develop AF also have cardiovascular risk factors, structural heart disease, and comorbidities, all of which can increase mortality. AF causes a significant economic burden with the increasing trend in AF prevalence and hospitalizations. Research Objectives: The objective of our study is to evaluate the impact of the most common known risk factors on the incidence of atrial fibrillation as an important precursor of cardiac and cerebrovascular morbidity and mortality among our patients in Bosnia and Herzegovina during median follow up period (September 2006 - September 2016)...
December 2017: Materia Socio-medica
Doncho M Donev, Izet Masic, Edin Begic
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2017: Materia Socio-medica
Armin Skrbo, Izet Masic
Introduction: Folk medicine represents part of the folk culture, when we first think about the rural culture with characteristic of the rural population in the pre-industrial period. The difference between official and folk medicine is manifested in the education, knowledge and social status of those practicing folk medicine as well as their patients. The most common ways of treating were the treatment by use of herbs, magic and treatments based on religious beliefs. So, it is of no surprise that folk medicine was the main form of treatment for the inhabitants of Bosnia and Herzegovina (B&H) in the past...
September 2017: Materia Socio-medica
Georges Aoun, Elie Gerges
Objectives: To assess the denture hygiene habits in a population of Lebanese denture wearers. Materials and Methods: One hundred and thirty-two (132) patients [71 women (53.8%) and 61 men (46.2%)] wearing their acrylic dentures for more than two years were included in this study. The hygiene methods related to their dentures were evaluated and the data obtained were analyzed statistically using the IBM(®) SPSS(®) statistics 20.0 (USA) statistical package. Results: Regardless of the cleaning technique, the big majority of our participants [123 out of 132 (93...
September 2017: Materia Socio-medica
Alexia Paraskevoulakou, Kassiani Vrettou, Katerina Pikouli, Evgenia Triantafillou, Anastasia Lykou, Marina Economou
Aims: Since evaluation regarding the impact of mental illness related internalized stigma is scarce, there is a great need for psychometric instruments which could contribute to understanding its adverse effects among Greek patients with severe mental illness. The Brief Internalized Stigma of Mental Illness (ISMI) scale is one of the most widely used measures designed to assess the subjective experience of stigma related to mental illness. The present study aimed to investigate the psychometric properties of the Greek version of the Brief ISMI scale...
September 2017: Materia Socio-medica
Senaid Trnacevic, Edin Nislic, Emir Trnacevic, Emir Tulumovic
Introduction: Balkan endemic nephropathy (BEN) is a chronic irreversible interstitial sclerosis, for which over the last 25 years, chronic exposure to aristolochic acid from the contaminated cereal seeds has been considered the most likely cause. The aim of our research is to reevaluate trends of disease and to try to obtain new information about practical implementing of in-field screening of BEN, and to find indicators or a reliable biomarker for an early detection of the disease, especially for in field conditions...
September 2017: Materia Socio-medica
Yusefzadeh Hasan, Salem Safi Parviz, Nabilou Bahram
Background: Health system reform is essential to make desired Changes. In Iran, first phase of Health Reform Plan (HRP) was implemented in hospitals affiliated with Ministry of Health and Medical Education (MHME) in 2014. Aim: The present study was carried out to evaluate the performance of hospitals affiliated with Urmia University of Medical Sciences at the time of the implementation of HRP. Methods: This cross-sectional study carried out in two stages, before (2012- 2013) and during (2014- 2015) implementation of the HRP in district and teaching hospitals...
September 2017: Materia Socio-medica
Supakrit Auiwattanakul, Winai Ungpinitpong, Surakrant Yutthakasemsunt, Supawan Buranapin, Kaweesak Chittawatanarat
Introduction: The authors aimed to estimate the prevalence of pressure ulcers and to explore the nutritional effects of the prognostic factors on successful pressure ulcer closure in a public tertiary care hospital in Thailand. Patients and Methods: The study was a retrospective cohort analysis of seven-year census (2008 - 2014) at Surin hospital in Thailand. There were 424 of total 240,826 patients aged over than 15 years admitted to surgery, orthopedics and medicine wards during the study period with documented pressure ulcers (ICD 10TM)...
September 2017: Materia Socio-medica
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