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Materia Socio-medica

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28484359/evaluation-of-congenital-heart-defects-treatment-options-establishment-of-pediatric-cardiology-cardiosurgery-in-bosnia-and-herzegovina
#1
REVIEW
Zijo Begic, Sanko Pandur, Edo Omerbasic, Almira Kadic, Mirza Halimic
INTRODUCTION: Modern pediatric cardiology mainly deals with congenital heart defects (CHD), as the most common congenital anomalies. In most cases CHD requires surgical or interventional treatment. GOAL: The goal of the research was to evaluate CHD treatment at Pediatric Clinic, University Clinical Center (UCC) Sarajevo, Bosnia and Herzegovina (B&H). UCC Sarajevo is the only institution in B&H where cardiac treatment of CHD in pediatric population is performed. Pediatric cardiosurgery has started to develop in Bosnia and Herzegovina in April 1997...
March 2017: Materia Socio-medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28484358/anthropometric-parameters-of-nutritional-status-in-children-with-cerebral-palsy
#2
Melika Melunovic, Feriha Hadzagic-Catibusic, Vildan Bilalovic, Samra Rahmanovic, Selma Dizdar
INTRODUCTION: Patients with cerebral palsy (CP), besides the basic neurological damage, are also often undernourished. Adequate nutrition for children is very important during the period of intensive growth and development, which is of particular importance in patients with CP. GOAL: To evaluate the nutritional status of patients with CP who are treated at the Pediatric Clinic, Clinical Centre of Sarajevo University and causes of malnutrition in these patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Eighty patients with CP underwent anthropometric assessment (body weight, body height, body mass index, head circumference, subscapular skinfold thickness, triceps skinfold thickness and mid upper arm muscle circumference)...
March 2017: Materia Socio-medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28484357/induced-abortion-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#3
Saeed Dastgiri, Maryam Yoosefian, Mehraveh Garjani, Leila R Kalankesh
BACKGROUND: Induced abortion accounts for 1 in 8 of approximately 600000 maternal deaths that occur annually worldwide. Induced abortion rate can be considered as one of the indicators for assessing availability of the appropriate reproductive health plans for women and identifying needs for appropriate related health policies and programs. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Researchers searched Pubmed, Google Scholar, CINAHL, Embase, PsycINFO, Cochrane, Iranian Scientific Information Database (SID), Iranian biomedical journals (Iranmedex), and Iranian Research Institute of Information and Documentation (Irandoc) between January 2000 and June 2013, which reported induced abortion...
March 2017: Materia Socio-medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28484356/associations-of-body-mass-index-and-gestational-weight-gain-with-term-pregnancy-outcomes
#4
Tatjana Barisic, Vjekoslav Mandic, Ivana Barac
INTRODUCTION: Obesity is one of the greatest health problems in the world. The World Health Organization (WHO) defined obesity as a disease in which the excess of adipose tissue accumulates in such a degree that is endangers health. Obesity is a very complex multifactor disease that is developed under the influence of genetic and metabolic factors, environment, social and cultural environment as well as bad habits. The causes of obesity can be numerous. The most common source of obesity is the development of energetic imbalance...
March 2017: Materia Socio-medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28484355/the-students-viewpoint-on-quality-of-educational-services-in-iran
#5
Hasan Siamian, Farideh Rostami, Aliasghar Nadi Ghara, Ghassem Abedi
BACKGROUND: Recently, focusing on higher education quality has got increasingly critical. The novel managerial attitudes have defined the customer-demanded quality. Based on this, recognizing the receivers' perception of the quality of the services offered and evaluating the quality of the service is considered of the basic measures taken in order to develop quality promotion programs. Therefore, this is a qualitative research conducted for students' viewpoint on quality of educational services...
March 2017: Materia Socio-medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28484354/implementation-of-congenital-heart-diseases-screening-at-the-bihac-cantonal-hospital
#6
Mediha Kardasevic, Ida Jovanovic, Jelica Predojevic Samardzic
INTRODUCTION: Congenital heart defects (CHD) were the most common birth defects, and the most common cause of death in infants with congenital anomalies in developed countries. Early detection of these anomalies would greatly enhance the effect of therapeutic procedures and the final outcome. Lately, pulse oximetry (PO) is used for the purpose of screening the cyanotic congenital heart defects. PO in combination with the clinical examination has greater diagnostic sensitivity in detection of CHD...
March 2017: Materia Socio-medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28484353/tachycardia-as-a-negative-prognostic-factor-for-stroke-outcome
#7
Amina Nakicevic, Salem Alajbegovic, Lejla Alajbegovic
INTRODUCTION: The outcome of stroke, especially lethal one is significant, as in the hemorrhagic as well as in ischemic stroke. GOAL: was to show the impact on the stroke outcome of tachycardia correlated with lesion localization. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Material for our work was patients who were treated due to the stroke at the Neurology Clinic Sarajevo in the period from 31 March 2015 until 01 January 2016. A total of 544 stoke patients were treated in the reporting period, 221 (44...
March 2017: Materia Socio-medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28484352/population-attributable-fraction-for-cardiovascular-diseases-risk-factors-in-selected-countries-a-comparative-study
#8
Narges Pirani, Farzad Faraji Khiavi
BACKGROUND: Cardiovascular diseases are the most common cause of death. The prevalence of cardiovascular diseases was reported to be 3,500 per 100,000. And it is predicted that these numbers will increase in the near future. By removing the main factors responsible for non-communicable diseases, cardiovascular disease can be prevented by 80%. AIM: The aim of this study was to compare the population attributable fraction for cardiovascular diseases' risk factors in Iran, USA and Spain...
March 2017: Materia Socio-medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28484351/quality-of-life-of-patients-with-oral-cavity-cancer
#9
Senada Dzebo, Jasmina Mahmutovic, Hasiba Erkocevic
INTRODUCTION: In recent years the quality of life of patients is very important in monitoring the treatment and therapeutic procedure success. It has become a significant factor in assessing the therapeutic procedure accomplishment, and for the first time the patient alone can access the success of the respective therapy. Cancer of the oral cavity is one of the most common cancers of the head and neck, and is one of the ten most common causes of death in the world. In the majority of cases, cancer of the oral cavity is detected in an advanced stage when therapeutic options are reduced, and the prognosis is much worse...
March 2017: Materia Socio-medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28484350/prevalence-of-chronic-erythematous-candidiasis-in-lebanese-denture-wearers-a-clinico-microbiological-study
#10
Georges Aoun, Antoine Berberi
OBJECTIVE: Chronic erythematous candidiasis also known as denture-related stomatitis refers to inflammatory changes of the denture-bearing mucosa. The aim of this study was to evaluate the prevalence of chronic erythematous candidiasis in a Lebanese population using clinical and microbiological examinations. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Ninety-eight patients wearing full acrylic maxillary denture (50 women and 48 men) were included in this study. A clinical oral assessment and a microbiological exam using swab samples collected from the palate of these patients were performed and the data obtained were analyzed statistically...
March 2017: Materia Socio-medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28484349/one-year-follow-up-of-patients-with-a-diagnosis-of-first-episode-psychosis
#11
Atena Enderami, Fatemeh Sheikh Monesi, Mehran Zarghami
INTRODUCTION: Early diagnosis of symptoms related to psychotic disorders causes hyper responsiveness, recurrence reduction and quality of life improvement. The aim of this study was one-year follow-up of the clinical course and outcomes of hospitalized patients with first episode psychotic disorders and detection of factors affecting consequences. METHODS: This longitudinal descriptive study was conducted during 2012 to 2013 on hospitalized patients at Zare Hospital in Sari, Iran, with any psychotic symptoms and with diagnosis of first episode psychosis...
March 2017: Materia Socio-medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28484348/the-most-frequent-isolates-from-outpatients-with-urinary-tract-infection
#12
Sabina Mahmutovic Vranic, Nadira Zatric, Velma Rebic, Mufida Aljicevic, Amila Abdulzaimovic
OBJECTIVES: The main objective of the study was to identify the most frequent isolates from female outpatients with urinary tract infection. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The retrospective study was performed at the Department of Microbiology, Parasitology and Virology Faculty of Medicine, University of Sarajevo in period of 2015. The most frequent isolates were determined in 405 first urine samples from female outpatients of Hrasno community in Sarajevo, B&H. Identification of isolates was performed by the standard microbiological testing and the standard methods of descriptive statistics as well...
March 2017: Materia Socio-medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28484347/t-lymphocyte-subsets-as-a-prognostic-factor-in-a-clinical-course-of-chickenpox
#13
Rusmir Baljic, Hadzan Konjo, Dzenana Hrustemovic, Belma Gazibera, Amela Katica, Mirsada Hukic
OBJECTIVE: To investigate possible prognostic values of CD4+, CD8+ T-lymphocytes, CD4/CD8 ratio to clinical course of chickenpox in immunocompetent hosts. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We performed a prospective study which included 69 immunocompetent patients with chickenpox who were addmited to Clinic for infectious disease, Clinical Center University of Sarajevo, in a 18 month period. All patients were divided into two groups depending on clinical presentation on admission...
March 2017: Materia Socio-medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28484346/compare-the-performance-of-counselors-with-the-students-expectations-at-mazandaran-university-of-medical-sciences-in-2015
#14
Azita Balaghafari, Fattane Amuei, Nassim Ghahrani, Hasan Siamian
INTRODUCTION: Universities and academic environments are tackling challenges and transformation. Thus, mentally, spiritually and socially supporting students and academics and interacting with them seems necessary. This study aimed to compare the performance of counselors with the students' expectations at Mazandaran University of Medical Sciences in 2015. METHODS: In this cross-sectional study, 359 students of Mazandaran University of Medical Sciences were selected by using stratified random sampling...
March 2017: Materia Socio-medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28484345/ten-steps-to-improve-quality-of-the-journal-materia-socio-medica
#15
EDITORIAL
Doncho M Donev, Izet Masic
INTRODUCTION AND AIM: Materia Socio-Medica is one of the oldest public health journals in Europe, established in 1978, and among the most important journals for public health in South-Eastern Europe. The Journal covers all important public health professional, academic and research areas in this field. The aim of the paper is to analyze the journal articles and statistical facts in 2016 and to point out the directions for action and planned further activities for improving the quality of the published papers and visibility of the journal...
March 2017: Materia Socio-medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28144203/socio-demographic-characteristics-of-patients-with-diagnosis-of-leukemia-in-bosnia-and-herzegovina-during-six-year-period
#16
Edo Hasanbegovic, Nedim Begic, Snijezana Hasanbegovic, Zijo Begic
INTRODUCTION: Malignancies in children are second most frequent cause of death after accidents in pediatric age, while leukemias represents 30% of all malignancies of children age. AIM: To present the social and demographic characteristics of patients with a diagnosis of leukemia in Bosnia and Herzegovina during six years period. PATIENTS AND METHODS: The study included 97 patients (from birth to 18 years old) with diagnosis of acute leukemia...
December 2016: Materia Socio-medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28144202/students-attitudes-towards-research-at-mazandaran-university-of-medical-sciences-in-2015
#17
Hasan Siamian, Roghayeh Mahmoudi, Fatemeh Habibi, Mahsoomeh Latifi, Vahideh Zare-Gavgani
BACKGROUND: In today's world, one of the criteria of progress in a country is research. In our country instead of paying to the research and study, attention is given to the training of human resources. Therefore, this study aimed to investigate Students' Attitudes towards Research at Mazandaran University of Medical Sciences in 2015. METHODS: In this cross-sectional study the data tool was questionnaire given to the study subjects. The study population were all the paramedical college students at Mazandaran University of Medical Sciences selected...
December 2016: Materia Socio-medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28144201/a-cost-benefit-analysis-of-a-proposed-immigrant-latent-tuberculosis-infection-screening-program-for-cyprus
#18
Savvas Zannetos, Michael A Talias
INTRODUCTION: The study explored the potential economic benefit of an expanded screening program of immigrants before entrance to Cyprus as a policy to reduce the overall cost of tuberculosis (TB). Thus, the aim of this study is to study whether screening all immigrants coming from countries (including European Union countries) with high incidence of tuberculosis would be in the economic interest of the Republic of Cyprus or not. METHODS: In order to assess whether it could be economically beneficial for Cyprus to expand the screening checks for TB to all immigrants coming from high prevalence countries, a Cost-Benefit Analysis (CBA) was employed, and the Net Present Value (NPV) of the project was calculated...
December 2016: Materia Socio-medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28144200/efficacy-and-safety-of-oral-spray-containing-lysozyme-and-cetylpyridinium-subjective-determination-of-patients-with-tonsillopharyngitis
#19
Tarik Catic, Meliha Mehic, Zahida Binakaj, Bilsena Sahman, Vedina Cordalija, Amra Kerla, Igor Martinovic, Hajra Eskic
INTRODUCTION: Tonsillopharyngitis (sore throat) is a common disease mainly related to the seasonal common cold. To relieve unpleasant symptoms and discomfort of acute tonsillopharyngitis associated with common cold, patients usually take some non-prescription drugs. THE AIM: The primary aim of this study was to assess subjective determinations of the efficacy and the safety/tolerability of an oral spray comprising a combination of lysozyme chloride and cetylpyridinium chloride in those patients...
December 2016: Materia Socio-medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28144199/open-clinical-trial-on-using-nifuroxazide-compared-to-probiotics-in-treating-acute-diarrhoeas-in-adults
#20
Begler Begovic, Sead Ahmedtagic, Lejla Calkic, Midhat Vehabović, Sanela Bakić Kovacevic, Tarik Catic, Meliha Mehic
BACKGROUND: Nifuroxazide is well known and often used anti-diarrhoeal medicine which has been pushed back from routine practice in recent years and often replaced with probiotics. Even probiotics are accepted and placed in some therapeutic guidelines for diarrhoea treatment, there are no enough evidence for its effectiveness and no comparative efficacy data with nifuroxazide in treatment of acute diarrhea. PATIENTS AND METHODS: In open, prospective observational study, the efficacy and safety of nifuroxazide were compared with a probiotic containing lactic acid bacteria in the treatment of acute diarrhoea...
December 2016: Materia Socio-medica
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