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Materia Socio-medica

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27999493/economic-importance-of-the-preventive-measures-in-dentistry
#1
Emsudina Deljo, Zinaida Sijercic, Amina Mulaosmanovic, Alma Musanovic, Nedim Prses
INTRODUCTION: Previous studies have shown that the state of oral health in the area of Podrinje Canton is really poor. Taking into account that in the last five years are implemented two projects in the municipality it is necessary to examine the impact of preventive measures in dentistry on the oral health. THE RESEARCH GOALS ARE: a) To evaluate the impact of continuing education and local fluoridation on the state of oral health; b) To analyze the economic importance of preventive measures...
October 2016: Materia Socio-medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27999492/evaluation-of-denture-related-factors-predisposing-to-denture-stomatitis-in-a-lebanese-population
#2
Georges Aoun, Antoine Cassia
BACKGROUND: Denture stomatitis is a common fungal oral infection of multifactorial etiology. Denture-related factors such as denture's age, hygiene, night wearing and colonization by Candida albicans are known to predispose to denture stomatitis. The aim of this study was to evaluate these factors and their relationship with the occurrence of denture stomatitis in a Lebanese population. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Sixty patients (40 women, 20 men; age range 40-80 years) showing clinical evidence of denture-related stomatitis were selected for this study...
October 2016: Materia Socio-medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27999491/reliability-validity-and-psychometric-properties-of-the-greek-translation-of-the-cambridge-depersonalization-scale-cds
#3
Konstantinos Kontoangelos, Sofia Tsiori, Garyfalia Poulakou, Konstantinos Protopapas, Ioannis Katsarolis, Vissaria Sakka, Dimitra Kavatha, Antonios Papadopoulos, Anastasia Antoniadou, Charalambos C Papageorgiou
INTRODUCTION: The Cambridge Depersonalisation Scale is meant to capture the frequency and duration of depersonalisation symptoms over the 'last 6 months'. METHODS: In order to develop a Greek version of CDS scale, the CDS scale was translated in Greek by 2 psychiatrists. Then, the Greek version of CDS scale was back-translated by a person who did not knew the original English version. The back-translated version was reviewed in order to establish whether is consistent with the original English version...
October 2016: Materia Socio-medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27999490/predictors-for-post-stroke-delirium-outcome
#4
Zikrija Dostovic, Ernestina Dostovic, Dzevdet Smajlovic, Omer C Ibrahimagic, Leila Avdic, Elvir Becirovic
BACKGROUND: There have been only a small number of studies that have evaluated the outcome of post-stroke delirium. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the effects of gender, age, stroke localization, delirium severity, previous illnesses, associated medical complications on delirium outcome as well as, to determine effects of delirium on cognitive functioning one year after stroke. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Comprehensive neuropsychological assessments were performed within the first week of stroke onset, at hospital discharge, and followed-up for 3, 6 and 12 months after stroke...
October 2016: Materia Socio-medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27999489/neutrophil-lymphocyte-ratio-and-platelet-lymphocyte-ratio-in-patients-with-nsclc
#5
Vesna Cukic
OBJECTIVE: to compare neutrophil/lymphocyte ratio (NLR) and platelet/lymphocyte ratio (PLR) in patients with NSCLC (Non- Small- Cell Lung Cancer): with and without metastases at the time of diagnosis to find out if there is the importance of these cell ratios in the assessment of severity NSCLC. MATERIAL AND METHODS: this is the retrospective analysis of NRL and PRL in patients with NSCLC at the time of the diagnosis of disease before any anti tumor treatment (chemotherapy, radiotherapy, surgery)...
October 2016: Materia Socio-medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27999488/the-influence-of-information-and-religion-on-organ-donation-as-seen-by-school-teachers-in-bosnia-and-herzegovina
#6
Sahmir Sadic, Jasna Sadic, Rasim Krupic, Nabi Fatahi, Ferid Krupic
INTRODUCTION: Transplantation of organs is the treatment of choice for severe organ failure worldwide. AIM: The aims of the present study were to determine the influence of religion on attitudes towards organ donation among staff at schools in Tuzla. MATERIAL AND METHODS: In the Tuzla region there are 42 schools and 1580 school staff. A total of 21 schools were selected randomly, which were stratified by geographical location. 499 employees were invited to participate in the study, and 475 agreed to participate...
October 2016: Materia Socio-medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27999487/oral-health-of-down-syndrome-children-in-bosnia-and-herzegovina
#7
Selma Porovic, Amila Zukanovic, Hrvoje Juric, Senka Mesihovic Dinarevic
INTRODUCTION: The objective of this study was to determine the oral health condition Down syndrome (DS) children in Bosnia and Herzegovina, by analizing oral health of Down syndrome individuals in two largest regions, Sarajevo and Tuzla Canton. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Caries and oral health status of Down syndrome children aged 6-18 years were examined and assessed according WHO 1997 criteria. DS individuals were divided in to four age groups: I (0-6 yrs); II (7-12 yrs); III (13-18 yrs)...
October 2016: Materia Socio-medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27999486/identifying-eleven-factors-of-service-marketing-mix-4ps-effective-on-tendency-of-patients-toward-private-hospital
#8
Seyed Mojtaba Hosseini, Samira Etesaminia, Mehrnoosh Jafari
INTRODUCTION: One of the important factors of correct management is to identify the reasons for patient tendency toward private hospitals. This study measures these factors based on service marketing mixes. PATIENTS AND METHODS: This study used a cross sectional descriptive methodology. The study was conducted during 6 months in 2015. The studied population included patients of private hospitals in Tehran. Random sampling was used (n = 200). Data was collected by an author-made questionnaire for service marketing factors...
October 2016: Materia Socio-medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27999485/effect-of-perceived-social-support-on-the-levels-of-anxiety-and-depression-of-hemodialysis-patients
#9
Ioanna Lilympaki, Andriana Makri, Kyriaki Vlantousi, Ioannis Koutelekos, Fotoula Babatsikou, Maria Polikandrioti
PURPOSE: of this study was to explore the effect of social support on the levels of anxiety and depression of hemodialysis patients. MATERIAL AND METHODS: 258 patients undergoing hemodialysis were enrolled. A questionnaire developed for the purpose of the study was used to collect data through the interview process. Apart from socio-demographic, clinical and other characteristics, the questionnaire also included the Multidimensional Scale of Perceived Social Support (MSPSS) to assess social support from significant others, family and friends, and the questionnaire Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADs) to assess the levels of anxiety and depression of patients...
October 2016: Materia Socio-medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27999484/effects-of-home-care-training-on-the-self-efficacy-of-patients-with-beta-thalassemia-major
#10
Mahdieh Poodineh Moghadam, Hajar Nourisancho, Hossein Shahdadi, Sohila Shahraki, Batoul Azarkish, Abbas Balouchi
BACKGROUND: The self-efficacy of thalassemia patients is an important factor in creating behavioral changes in such patients. Home-care training reduces hospitalization duration as well as relevant costs and improves disease outcomes. This study was designed to assess the effect of home-care training on the self-efficacy of patients with beta thalassemia major. METHODOLOGY: This was a quasi-experimental, case-control, before and after intervention study conducted on 136 thalassemia cases from January 2014 to October 2015...
October 2016: Materia Socio-medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27999483/level-of-competencies-of-family-physicians-in-kosovo-from-different-perspectives
#11
Gazmend Bojaj, Fitim Skeraj, Katarzyna Czabanowska, Genc Burazeri
AIM: The aim of this analysis was to compare the level of self-perceived competencies of primary health care physicians in Kosovo with patients' viewpoint, as well as the necessary (required) level of such competencies from decision-makers' standpoint. METHODS: Three cross-sectional studies were carried out in Kosovo in 2013 including: i) a representative sample of 1340 primary health care users aged ≥18 years (49% men; overall mean age: 50.5±17.9 years; response rate: 89%); ii) a representative sample of 597 primary health care physicians (49% men; overall mean age: 46...
October 2016: Materia Socio-medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27999482/a-comparative-study-between-povidone-iodine-and-manugel-85-on-surgical-scrub
#12
Bahar Seifi, Faezeh Sahbaei, Mohamad Zare Zare, Azam Abdoli, Mohammad Heidari
BACKGROUND: Direct transmission through skin contact is one of ways for disease transmission. Medical staffs have contact with many patients, so their hand can be a factor for the transmission of disease. Surgical scrub is a process that leads to destruction immigrant and stable microbus of hands and arms through friction washing by use of antiseptic solution prior to surgery. The aim of this study was to compare the effectiveness of disinfection of Povidone-Iodine and Manugel 85 in surgical scrub...
October 2016: Materia Socio-medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27999481/comparison-of-patients-admission-mean-and-highest-sofa-scores-in-prediction-of-icu-mortality-a-prospective-observational-study
#13
Afshin Gholipour Baradari, Abolfazl Firouzian, Ali Davanlou, Mohsen Aarabi, Maryam Daneshiyan, Yaser Talebiyan Kiakolaye
BACKGROUND: Use of valid criteria for evaluation of patients admitted to intensive care unit (ICU) is essential to assess the quality of services provided. This study was conducted to evaluate admission, mean and the highest Sequential Organ Failure Assessment (SOFA) scores in predicting mortality and outcome of patients admitted to the ICU. METHODS: This prospective observational study was conducted on 300 patients admitted to the ICU of Imam Khomeini Hospital, Sari, Iran, in 2015...
October 2016: Materia Socio-medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27999480/the-effect-of-perceived-social-support-on-hemodialysis-patients-quality-of-life
#14
Margarita Alexopoulou, Natalia Giannakopoulou, Eleni Komna, Victoria Alikari, Georgia Toulia, Maria Polikandrioti
BACKGROUND: Association between perceived social support and quality of life in hemodialysis patients represents a new area of interest. AIM: The aim of this study was to explore the effect of social support on the quality of life of hemodialysis patients. MATERIAL AND METHODS: In this study 258 hemodialysis patients were enrolled. Data was collected using a questionnaire which consisted of three parts: a) the Multidimensional Scale of Perceived Social Support (MSPSS) to assess perceived social support, b) the Missoula-VITAS Quality of Life Index (MVQOLI-15) to assess quality of patients' life and c) the socio-demographic, clinical and other variables of patients...
October 2016: Materia Socio-medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27999479/side-to-side-differences-between-dominant-and-non-dominant-arm-s-bone-density-and-isometric-handgrip-strength-in-males-and-females-aged-40-65-years-old
#15
Ermira Krasniqi, Mynyr Koni, Antigona Kabashi, Abedin Bahtiri, Selda Gjeli, Arben Boshnjaku
OBJECTIVE: This observational, cross-sectional study, investigates and compares the differences of BMD, T-score, Z-score and isometric strength between dominant (D) versus non-dominant (ND) arms of 162 subjects aged 40-65 in a developing, low income country (Kosova). MATERIAL AND METHODS: Bone Mineral Density (BMD), T-score and Z-score at distal forearm regions of both arms (measured by DXA scan), together with the Handgrip Isometric Strength (HIS) (by handgrip) were evaluated in a total subjects (53 Males and 109 Females)...
October 2016: Materia Socio-medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27999478/prevalence-of-gestational-diabetes-in-the-southern-part-of-bosnia-and-herzegovina
#16
Vajdana Tomic, Marinko Misic, Ana Dugandzic Simic, Ana Boskovic, Tanja Kresic, Olivera Peric, Martina Orlovic, Ivana Culjak Blagojevic
BACKGROUND: The prevalence of gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM), as a complex problem in pregnancy, is increasing all over the world, but most noticeable in developing countries. AIMS: To estimate GDM prevalence and associated pregnancy features in the southern part of Bosnia and Herzegovina. METHODS: A cross-sectional observational study was conducted from October 2010 through March 2011. A total of 285 pregnant women with singleton pregnancies participated and were asigned to the study in the order they came for their usual ante-natal clinic examination...
October 2016: Materia Socio-medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27999477/detection-ribotyping-and-antimicrobial-resistance-properties-of-clostridium-difficile-strains-isolated-from-the-cases-of-diarrhea
#17
Samaneh Kouzegaran, Mahmood Ganjifard, Amir Saber Tanha
BACKGROUND: Clostridium difficile is the most prevalent cause of antibiotic-associated infectious diarrhea al-around the world. Prevalence of virulent and resistant strains of Clostridium difficile is increasing now a day. The present investigation was carried out to study the prevalence, ribotyping and antibiotic resistance pattern of C. difficile isolated from diarrheic and non-diarrheic pediatrics. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Four-hundred stool specimens were collected from the diarrheic and non-diarrheic pediatrics hospitalized due to the diseases other than diarrhea...
October 2016: Materia Socio-medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27698610/bologna-model-of-medical-education-utopia-or-reality
#18
Lejla Zunic, Doncho Donev
Higher education in Europe and in the Balkan's countries is undergoing major reforms. The Bologna Process was a major reform created with the claimed goal of providing responses to issues such as the public responsibility for higher education and research, higher education governance, the social dimension of higher education and research, and the values and roles of higher education and research in modern, globalized, and increasingly complex societies with the most demanding qualification needs. Changes in the curricula, modernization of facilities and their alignment with the programs of other European universities, employment of a larger number of assistants, especially in the clinical courses at our universities are necessary...
July 24, 2016: Materia Socio-medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27698609/epidemiological-analysis-of-ocular-melanoma-in-university-clinic-center-in-tuzla-bosnia-and-herzegovina
#19
Amra Nadarevic Vodencarevic, Vahid Jusufovic, Svjetlana Terzic, Musfaha Burgic, Meliha Halibasic, Mersiha Sinanovic
AIM: Melanoma represents a malignant tumour arising from melanocytes. Uveal melanoma is the most common primary ocular malignancy among the adult population. The aim of the study was to examine epidemiological characteristics of ocular melanoma in University Clinic Centre in Tuzla, Bosnia and Herzegovina from January 2001 till November 2015. METHODS AND MATERIALS: In this retrospective study we used all available medical documentation to investigate the clinical findings which included age, gender, tumour size, histopathological features and the precise anatomic origin of the ocular melanoma...
July 24, 2016: Materia Socio-medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27698608/are-macro-and-micro-environment-affecting-management-of-fresh-water-resources-a-case-from-iran-with-pestle-analysis
#20
Golrokh Atighechian, Mohammadreza Maleki, Aidin Aryankhesal, Katayoun Jahangiri
INTRODUCTION: Oil spill in fresh water can affect ecological processes and accordingly it can influence human health. Iran, due to having 58.8 % of the world oil reserves, is highly vulnerable to water contamination by oil products. AIM: The aim of this study was to determine environmental factors affecting the management of the oil spill into one of the river in Iran using the PESTLE analysis. MATERIAL AND METHODS: This was a qualitative case study conducted in 2015 on an oil spill incident in Iran and its roots from a disaster management approach...
July 24, 2016: Materia Socio-medica
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