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Materia Socio-medica

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29670482/evaluation-of-the-immunization-program-in-the-federation-of-bosnia-and-herzegovina-possible-modalities-for-improvement
#1
Fuad Husic, Zaim Jatic, Anes Joguncic, Lutvo Sporisevic
Introduction: Immunization is a lifelong preventive activity that helps prevent/reduce disease, prevent/ reduce mortality and prevent disability from specific infectious diseases. Material and Methods: Authors of this paper researched the WHO extended program of mandatory immunization of children from birth to the age of 18 years and analyzed how it has been implemented in the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina (FB&H), because the guidelines of the specialist physician societies on immunization of adults, elderly people and risk groups of the population are missing...
March 2018: Materia Socio-medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29670481/exercise-associated-muscle-cramp-doubts-about-the-cause
#2
Dzenan Jahic, Edin Begic
Introduction: Exercise-associated muscle cramp (EAMC) is one of the most common conditions that occur during or immediately after the exercise, with questionable etiology. Aim: Aim of article was to present doubts about the cause of EAMC, whether it is primarily a neurological condition or it is water and salt imbalance. Results: Strongest evidence supports the neuromuscular aetiology with the focus on the muscle fatigue. Muscle overload and fatigue affects the balance between the excitatory drive from muscle spindles and the inhibitory drive from the Golgi tendon organs (GTO)...
March 2018: Materia Socio-medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29670480/the-association-between-male-circumcision-and-condom-use-behavior-a-meta-analysis
#3
Steven Ndugwa Kabwama, Derrick Ssewanyana, Gabriele Berg-Beckhoff
Introduction: The protective benefit of male circumcision against spreading HIV is well established. Aim: The objective of this Meta-analysis was to investigate behavioral risk compensation measured as the change in condom use behavior in light of knowledge of the benefits of circumcision. Material and Methods: A systematic search was conducted from 6 bibliographic databases for studies that quantitatively assessed a link between male circumcision and condom use behavior...
March 2018: Materia Socio-medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29670479/prevalence-of-periodontitis-in-patients-undergoing-hemodialysis-a-case-control-study
#4
Ali Ghareeb Altamimi, Saud Alnouri AlBakr, Thamer Alaswad Alanazi, Faleh A Alshahrani, Elna Paul Chalisserry, Sukumaran Anil
Objectives: To assess the prevalence of periodontal disease among patients undergoing renal dialysis. Methods: Sixty hemodialysis patients (30 males, 30 females) with a mean age of 44.4±9.5 years comprised the study group. Periodontal parameters such as plaque index (PI), bleeding on probing (BOP), probing pocket depth (PPD) and clinical attachment level (CAL) were measured in these patients and 60 age and sex-matched control subjects. The data was tabulated and analyzed...
March 2018: Materia Socio-medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29670478/reliability-and-validity-of-modified-service-quality-instrument-servqual-in-patients-motivation-to-adhere-to-insulin-therapy
#5
Vedran Jakupovic, Suajb Solakovic, Nedim Celebic, Dzenan Kulovic
Introduction: Diabetes is progressive condition which requires various ways of treatment. Adequate therapy prescribed in the right time helps patient to postpone development of complications. Adherence to complicated therapy is challenge for both patients and HCPs and is subject of research in many disciplines. Improvement in communication between HCP and patients is very important in patient's adherence to therapy. Aim: Aim of this research was to explore validity and reliability of modified SERVQUAL instrument in attempt to explore ways of motivating diabetic patient to accept prescribed insulin therapy...
March 2018: Materia Socio-medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29670477/prevalence-attitude-knowledge-and-practice-of-anabolic-androgenic-steroid-aas-use-among-gym-participants
#6
Sami D Althobiti, Nassar M Alqurashi, Abdulmajeed S Alotaibi, Turki F Alharthi, Khaled A Alswat
Background: Anabolic steroids (AS) are synthetic testosterone derivatives that last longer than physiological androgens in the body. Anabolic-androgenic steroid (AAS) abuse is spreading among athletes. The aim of this study is to assess the knowledge, attitudes, and practices of gym participants in Saudi Arabia. Methods: A cross-sectional survey was carried out among gym users from February 2017 to May 2017. The questionnaire included information on demographics related to the use of AAS and lifestyle habits...
March 2018: Materia Socio-medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29670476/the-effect-of-tai-chi-exercise-on-the-risk-and-fear-of-falling-in-older-adults-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#7
Hamed Mortazavi, Mahbubeh Tabatabaeichehr, Ali Golestani, Mohammad Reza Armat, Mohammad Reza Yousefi
Background: Falling and fear of falling are among the most common problems of the elderly, which can cause illness, isolation, dependency and reduced quality of life in elderly. Exercise is recommended to prevent falling injuries in the elderly. Aim: This study aimed to examine the effect of Tai Chi exercise on the risk and fear of falling in older adults. Materials and Methods: In this randomized clinical trial, a total of 60 male and female elderly were randomly divided into two groups: Tai Chi exercise and control (daily activities) groups...
March 2018: Materia Socio-medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29670475/investigation-the-relationship-between-skin-involvement-severity-and-hearing-loss-severity-in-vitiligo-patients
#8
Ahmad Yeganeh Moghaddam, Mansour Sayyah, Elham Alian Fini, Rezvan Talaee
Introduction: Vitiligo is a common acquired depigmented systemic disorder influencing the entire pigmentary system including Cochlear melanocytes and vestibular system in the inner ear. Vitiligo can leads to social negative impact and poorer quality of life among these patients. This study was conducted to investigate the relationship between skin involvement severity and hearing loss severity among vitiligo patients. Methods: This cross-sectional study was performed on 98 patients with vitiligo referred to the dermatology clinic of Shahid Beheshti Hospital of Kashan during 2012-2014...
March 2018: Materia Socio-medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29670474/positive-effect-of-fermented-camel-milk-on-liver-enzymes-of-adolescents-with-metabolic-syndrome-a-double-blind-randomized-cross-over-trial
#9
Zahra Fallah, Awat Feizi, Mahin Hashemipour, Roya Kelishadi
Background: Metabolic syndrome (MetS) has several health consequences. Liver enzymes elevation is among them. Aim: This study aimed to assess the effects of fermented Camel milk (FCM), as a functional food and dairy, on some features of MetS in adolescents including liver enzymes status, serum lipids and anthropometric measures. Methods: Overweight/obese adolescents with MetS were randomly assigned to FCM 250 cc per day for 8 weeks, a 4-week washout, and then to diluted Cow's yogurt (DCY) 250 cc per day for 8 weeks, or the reverse sequence...
March 2018: Materia Socio-medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29670473/determination-of-the-reference-values-of-the-tumor-marker-he4-in-female-population-of-canton-sarajevo
#10
Lejla Hasanbegovic, Nedeljka Sljivo
Introduction: Ovarian cancer has the highest mortality rate of all gynecological tumors and represent fifth leading cause of cancer death in women, due to the absence of early symptoms of the disease and the lack of screening tests. A new HE4 ovarian cancer biomarker was found in various studies, with different populations having quite different sensitivity and specificity values as well as reference values. The tumor marker HE4 is a useful marker for ovarian cancer detection with only minimal expression in normal ovarian tissue...
March 2018: Materia Socio-medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29670472/seasonal-incidence-of-acute-coronary-syndrome-and-its-features
#11
Enisa Hodzic, Semir Perla, Amer Iglica, Marina Vucijak
Introduction: Acute coronary syndrome (ACS) is one of the most common health problems in the world and the leading cause of death. Goal: The goals of this study are to determine: ACS type, risk factors, incidence and the seasonal distribution of occurrence Spring/Summer, Autumn/Winter, ACS incidence by age and gender, and complications (post-infarction angina and heart failure) and fatal outcomes of ACS per season. Material and methodology: This study is designed as retrospective-prospective and analytical, which included 250 patients hospitalized in the Intensive Cardiac care unit of the Clinic for heart disease, blood vessels and rheumatism in the period from June 2013 to July 2014...
March 2018: Materia Socio-medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29670471/atrial-fibrillation-in-hypertension-patients-characteristics
#12
Styliani Koutsaki, Ioannis Koutelekos, Georgia Gerogianni, Maria Koutsaki, Aggeliki Koukouzeli, Georgia Fouka, Maria Polikandrioti
Background: The most common risk factor for Atrial Fibrillation (AF) development is hypertension. Purpose: to explore patients' characteristics associated with AF caused by hypertension. Methods: The sample of the study included 170 patients with AF caused by hypertension. Data collection was performed by the method of interview using a questionnaire developed by the researchers of the study for the collection of demographic, clinical and other patients' characteristics...
March 2018: Materia Socio-medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29285002/historical-contribution-of-pharmaceutics-to-botany-and-pharmacognosy-development
#13
REVIEW
Lejla Zunic, Armin Skrbo, Amra Dobraca
Introduction: Pharmacy and medicine belong to the oldest human activities, so the development of these sciences is closely related to the socio-economic, cultural and religious opportunities of the nations within which they have been developing. Goals: To present the historical influence of pharmacy on the development of the human being from its very beginning; To present the historical link between pharmaceutical and medical activity, as well as early development of independent pharmaceutical activity; To present the historical influence of pharmacists on the development of botany and pharmacognosy and to present the historical influence of the first written herbarium and incunabula on the development of pharmacognosy...
December 2017: Materia Socio-medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29285001/analysis-of-food-toxin-trends-in-the-federation-of-bosnia-and-herzegovina-over-five-years-period
#14
Salih Tandir, Adnan Mujezinovic, Suad Sivic, Aida Sivic, Lejla Lihic-Tandir
Introduction: Alimentary toxoinfections represent a significant public health problem. Globalization of the market and food production, significant impoverishment of a large part of the population, and traditional approach with food preparation and consumption, cause a significant increase in the rates of population infections around the world. The epidemiological surveillance of the illness occurrence plays a significant role in monitoring and controlling the population's burden of diseases caused by unhygienically prepared and stored food...
December 2017: Materia Socio-medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29285000/exploring-the-added-value-of-women-health-care-managers-in-poland
#15
Katarzyna Czabanowska, Alicja Domagała, Stavroula Kalaitzi, Aleksandra Krogulec, Genc Burazeri, Suzanne Babich
Introduction: Female managers in the Polish health care system are seldom a subject of scientific investigation. Material and Methods: This study describes the share and profile of women in health care management positions and explores how and why Polish female health care managers add value to the leadership of health care organizations. Three data collection methods were used including: scoping review, analysis of data from governmental information bases and in-depth interviews with female health care managers...
December 2017: Materia Socio-medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29284999/high-burden-of-stroke-risk-factors-in-developing-country-the-case-study-of-bosnia-herzegovina
#16
Marija Bender, Edin Jusufovic, Vesna Railic, Sima Kelava, Selma Tinjak, Damir Dzevdetbegovic, Dario Mot, Mensuda Tresnjo, Sandra Lakicevic, Natasa Pejanovic-Skobic, Osman Sinanovic
Introduction: The burden of stroke has been increasing worldwide, especially in developing countries. Very few data regarding epidemiology of stroke are available in Bosnia and Herzegovina (BH). Patients and methods: We undertook a retrospective hospital-based study in all hospitals existing in five cantons and one district of BH. The patients were recruited between January 1st , 2014, and December 31st , 2014, and only first-ever-in-lifetime strokes (FES) were included for evaluation...
December 2017: Materia Socio-medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29284998/physical-therapy-in-elderly-suffering-from-degenerative-diseases
#17
Emira Svraka, Muris Pecar, Amila Jaganjac, Amra Macak Hadziomerovic, Eldad Kaljic, Almir Kovacevic
Introduction: Osteoarthritis of the joints (osteoarthritis or arthritis) represents the largest group of rheumatic diseases. Within rheumatic diseases 50% are degenerative rheumatic diseases, 10% inflammatory and 40% extra-articular. Goal: To determine the modalities of physical therapy for elderly with degenerative diseases. Material and methods: The study is retrospective-prospective and descriptive. The survey conducted included 25 patients with degenerative diseases of the musculoskeletal and nervous systems in Gerontology Center in Sarajevo, from May 1, 2014- April 30, 2015...
December 2017: Materia Socio-medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29284997/the-frequency-of-multifactorial-syndromes-in-geriatrics-of-tuzla-canton-population
#18
Enisa Ramic, Senada Selmanovic, Esad Alibasic, Dzevad Dzananovic, Fejzo Dzafic, Irma Ramic
Introduction: There are four main multifactorial syndromes in geriatrics the so-called "4N", which specifically occur at elderly patients. Listed syndromes often occur related, and they can be the cause and the result of many other syndromes at geriatric patients. Objective: determine the difference in the assessment of the level of immobility, instability, dependence, urinary incontinence ("4N") in elderly groups. Materials and methods: The research included total 200 elderly respondents experimental group made of elderly persons (>65 years) living alone...
December 2017: Materia Socio-medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29284996/effect-of-oral-health-care-program-on-oral-health-status-of-elderly-people-living-in-nursing-homes-a-quasi-experimental-study
#19
Es-Hagh Ildarabadi, Mohammad Reza Armat, Vahideh Motamedosanaye, Farzaneh Ghanei
Background: Oral health of elderly people plays a major role in their overall health and quality of life, and is an integral part of personal care. Aim: The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of implementing the oral health care program (OHCP) on oral health status of elderly people resident in nursing homes. Materials and Methods: This quasi-experimental study was carried out using a pretest-posttest design on 101 elderly people (46 in the intervention group and 55 in the control group) resident in two randomly selected nursing homes in Mashhad, Iran...
December 2017: Materia Socio-medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29284995/prevalence-of-musculoskeletal-disorders-among-dentists-in-iran-a-systematic-review
#20
Narges Sadat Shams-Hosseini, Tahereh Vahdati, Zeinab Mohammadzadeh, Ali Yeganeh, Somayeh Davoodi
Introduction: Musculoskeletal disorders (MSD) have become significant problems for all health care workers especially dentists. This systematic review provides prevalence of MSD in dentists of Iran. Material and Methods: In this study all published literatures about MSD in Iranian dentists were selected without any time limits or other restrictions. However, it was found that the studies about MSD among Iranian dentist are very low. Results: The results of literatures investigations show that the prevalence was between 0...
December 2017: Materia Socio-medica
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