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Materia Socio-medica

Vesna Cukic, Aida Ustamujic
Introduction: Health Introduction: The two types of tuberculosis (TB) are: pulmonary TB (PTB) and extrapulmonary TB (EPTB). Objective: to represent the frequency of ETPB of all localization , ratio between EPTB and PTB and demographic characteristics of EPTB in FBiH in the period of four years : from 2014 to 2017. Material and methods: This is the retrospective analysis of all the reported cases of TB in FBiH with the special insight in EPTB from 2014 to 2017...
June 2018: Materia Socio-medica
Aikaterini Stavrianou, Theodora Kafkia, Alexandra Mantoudi, Eugenia Minasidou, Anna Konstantinidou, Despoina Sapountzi-Krepia, Alexandra Dimitriadou
Background: In Greece it is quite common for family members to provide informal unpaid care for another family member during hospitalization, alongside healthcare professionals. Understaffing and lack of nursing personnel, due to austerity measures implemented in Greece during the last eight years, force families to provide informal care during hospitalization. The aim of the research was to study the role of informal caregivers (IC) during a family's member hospitalization, factors affecting their presence and patient's needs that were met by them...
June 2018: Materia Socio-medica
Mojdeh Banaei, Shahnaz Torkzahrani, Giti Ozgoli, Mohsen Azad, Fatemeh Mahmoudikohani, Asiyeh Pormehr-Yabandeh
Introduction: Pregnancy and childbirth are important periods of women's life that cause hormonal and bodily changes, and these changes could have significant effects on sexual function. Aim: The aim of this study was to assess the effectiveness of PLISSIT-based counselling model on the sexual function of women during the first six months after childbirth. Material and Methods: This was a randomized controlled clinical trial study from June to November, 2015...
June 2018: Materia Socio-medica
Vasileios Dedes, Apostolos Stergioulas, Georgios Kipreos, Ariadni Maria Dede, Athanasios Mitseas, Georgios I Panoutsopoulos
Introduction: People suffering from tendinopathies exhibit reduced mobility due to the pain caused by the movement of the tendons involved. Recently, shockwave therapy has been used as a treatment option, which is non-invasive, simpler, faster and safer. Aims: To record the intensity of the pain, the functionality of the upper and lower limbs and quality of life before treatment with shock waves, immediately after the treatment and the 4-week follow-up. Methodology: The sample consisted of 384 patients, suffering from a tendinopathy...
June 2018: Materia Socio-medica
Azra Lukac, Nenad Sulovic, Sonja Smiljic, Aleksandra N Ilic, Orhan Saban
Introduction/ Goals: The aim of our study was to point out the importance of the risk factors associated with cervical cancer in an asymptomatic population. Methodology: The study included 860 patients in the period from January 2017 to January 2018, which covered more than 80% of the targeted population in this municipality over the one year study, according to the National Program for Cervical Cancer Prevention in Montenegro. Results: The incidence of PAP III results was statistically significantly higher in women between 40 and 45 years of age compared to other age groups (p< 0...
June 2018: Materia Socio-medica
Mansour Ranjbar, Hasan Siamian, Mohammad Javad Fallahpour
Background: Cancer is a disease caused by abnormal cells shape change and loss of cell variation. Cancer patients suffer from mental and physical problems, which affect their social quality of life (QOL). A cancer diagnosis and its treatment can be expensive. Methods: In this descriptive-analytical and cross-sectional study, 183 patients referring to the Sari Comprehensive Cancer Center were enrolled. The data on QOL of patients and the cost of diagnosis and treatment were collected in QLQ questionnaire-C30...
June 2018: Materia Socio-medica
Jamshid Jamali, Seyyed Mohammad Taghi Ayatollahi, Peyman Jafari
Introduction: In recent years, Multiple Indicators Multiple Causes (MIMIC) model has been widely used to assess measurement in variance, called Differential Item Functioning (DIF) analyses, in psychological and medical studies. Aim: This simulation study aimed at assessing the effect of sample size, scale length, and magnitude of the uniform-DIF on detecting uniform-DIF with the MIMIC model when it has cross-loading in multidimensional scales. Material and Methods: In this Monte Carlo simulation study, we calculated power, Type I error rates, the bias of parameters estimation, Coverage Probability (CP), and Convergence Rate (CR) was used to assess the performance of the MIMIC model...
June 2018: Materia Socio-medica
Maha Hussain Alhainiah, Hasan S O Abdulljabbar, Yasir Ahmad Bukhari
Introduction: The incidence of grand multiparty in Saudi Arabia is high; there are no adequate studies about the grand multiparty. Aim: The aim to determine the prevalence, fetal and maternal outcomes in grand multipara women in comparison to primipara's women. Methods: A retrospective study, the data was collected from our hospital records of labour and delivery unit started from January 2016 to December 2016. Results: The analysis was done in 415 charts divided into two group 1 consist of (120 primigravidas) used as the control and group 2 the study group (295 grand multiparas)...
June 2018: Materia Socio-medica
Seyed Ghasem Mirbahari, Masoud Sadeghi
Introduction: Human papillomavirus (HPV) infection is strongly associated with risk of cervical cancer and genital warts. Aim: The study aimed to report the prevalence of genus alpha human papillomavirus (HPV) types in women with cervical infection and/or inflammatory in Western Iran. Materials and Methods: In a cross-sectional study, 435 women were clinically diagnosed with cervical infections. The method of HPVs detection was polymerase chain reaction (PCR)...
June 2018: Materia Socio-medica
Mahyar Salavati, Roshanak Vameghi, Seyed Ali Hosseini, Ahmad Saeedi, Masoud Gharib
Introduction: The present study aimed to investigate validity and reliability of Persian Dimensions of Mastery Questionnaire (DMQ18) in children with cerebral palsy. Material and Methods: The original version was carried out through back translation into Persian, and then the construct validity was assessed by confirmatory factor analysis; and reliability was evaluated through Cronbach's alpha (n=230). Intra-class correlation coefficient (ICC) was used for test retest reliability (n=32)...
June 2018: Materia Socio-medica
Hamed Mortazavi, Mahbubeh Tabatabaeichehr, Masoumeh Taherpour, Mohadece Masoumi
Introduction: Falls and fear of falling are considered as the major factors affecting the elderly's disabilities, so that most of these individuals often find their homes as a safe environment. Aim: The aim of this study was to evaluate the relationship between home safety and prevalence of falls and fear of falling among older adults. Materials and Methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted on 450 elderly people who lived in Bojnrud, Northeast of Iran, from December 2016 to July 2017 using cluster sampling method...
June 2018: Materia Socio-medica
Apostolina Ouzouni, Assimina Galli-Tsinopoulou, Kyriakos Kazakos, Evangelos Dimopoulos, Angeliki N Kleisarchaki, Konstantina Mouzaki, Maria Lavdaniti
Introduction: The presence of parents is very important as it enhances the psychology of adolescents resulting to the normal course of the disease. Aim: Investigate the perceptions of adolescents in order to support families in the management of T1D. Material & Methods: It is a descriptive study and 56 patients participated. The Diabetes Social Support Questionnaire-Family Version (DSSQ-Family) and some demographic and clinical characteristics were used...
June 2018: Materia Socio-medica
Zikrija Dostovic, Dzevdet Smajlovic, Omer C Ibrahimagic, Adnan Dostovic
Introduction: Small number of studies have evaluated the mortality and the degree of functional disability of post-stroke delirium, and our aim was to determine that. Patients and Methods: Comprehensive neuropsychological assessments were performed within the first week of stroke onset, at hospital discharge, and followed-up for 3, 6 and 12 months after stroke. We used diagnostic tools such as Glasgow Coma Scale, Delirium Rating Scale, National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale and Mini-Mental State...
June 2018: Materia Socio-medica
Tarik Catic, Rasim Jusufovic, Vedad Tabakovic
Introduction: Neuropathic pain resulting from injury to the nervous system. Up to 7% to 8% of the European population is affected. A number of different treatments for neuropathic pain have been studied including antiepileptic. Pregabalin and gabapentin are often considered first-line treatments. Pregabalin provides equivalent efficacy to gabapentin, showing greater potency at much lower doses and is considered as cost-effective intervention. In Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina (FB&H), gabapentin is fully reimbursed, while pregabalin is enlisted on list B with copayment...
June 2018: Materia Socio-medica
Danka Pokrajac, Azra Hodzic Kamber, Zinaida Karasalihovic
Background: Nephrotic syndrome (NS) is one of the most frequent glomerular diseases among children. While most of the children with primary NS respond to steroid treatment, 10 to 20% of the patients are steroid-resistant, and the best therapy for such cases has never been defined. Objective: The present study aimed to evaluate steroid-resistant nephrotic syndrome (SRNS) patients. Materials and methods: Our research included 50 children (56% female and 44% male) with NS...
June 2018: Materia Socio-medica
Fuad Husic, Zaim Jatic, Anes Joguncic, Lutvo Sporisevic
Introduction: Immunization is a lifelong preventive activity that helps prevent/reduce disease, prevent/ reduce mortality and prevent disability from specific infectious diseases. Material and Methods: Authors of this paper researched the WHO extended program of mandatory immunization of children from birth to the age of 18 years and analyzed how it has been implemented in the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina (FB&H), because the guidelines of the specialist physician societies on immunization of adults, elderly people and risk groups of the population are missing...
March 2018: Materia Socio-medica
Dzenan Jahic, Edin Begic
Introduction: Exercise-associated muscle cramp (EAMC) is one of the most common conditions that occur during or immediately after the exercise, with questionable etiology. Aim: Aim of article was to present doubts about the cause of EAMC, whether it is primarily a neurological condition or it is water and salt imbalance. Results: Strongest evidence supports the neuromuscular aetiology with the focus on the muscle fatigue. Muscle overload and fatigue affects the balance between the excitatory drive from muscle spindles and the inhibitory drive from the Golgi tendon organs (GTO)...
March 2018: Materia Socio-medica
Steven Ndugwa Kabwama, Derrick Ssewanyana, Gabriele Berg-Beckhoff
Introduction: The protective benefit of male circumcision against spreading HIV is well established. Aim: The objective of this Meta-analysis was to investigate behavioral risk compensation measured as the change in condom use behavior in light of knowledge of the benefits of circumcision. Material and Methods: A systematic search was conducted from 6 bibliographic databases for studies that quantitatively assessed a link between male circumcision and condom use behavior...
March 2018: Materia Socio-medica
Ali Ghareeb Altamimi, Saud Alnouri AlBakr, Thamer Alaswad Alanazi, Faleh A Alshahrani, Elna Paul Chalisserry, Sukumaran Anil
Objectives: To assess the prevalence of periodontal disease among patients undergoing renal dialysis. Methods: Sixty hemodialysis patients (30 males, 30 females) with a mean age of 44.4±9.5 years comprised the study group. Periodontal parameters such as plaque index (PI), bleeding on probing (BOP), probing pocket depth (PPD) and clinical attachment level (CAL) were measured in these patients and 60 age and sex-matched control subjects. The data was tabulated and analyzed...
March 2018: Materia Socio-medica
Vedran Jakupovic, Suajb Solakovic, Nedim Celebic, Dzenan Kulovic
Introduction: Diabetes is progressive condition which requires various ways of treatment. Adequate therapy prescribed in the right time helps patient to postpone development of complications. Adherence to complicated therapy is challenge for both patients and HCPs and is subject of research in many disciplines. Improvement in communication between HCP and patients is very important in patient's adherence to therapy. Aim: Aim of this research was to explore validity and reliability of modified SERVQUAL instrument in attempt to explore ways of motivating diabetic patient to accept prescribed insulin therapy...
March 2018: Materia Socio-medica
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