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Acta Chimica Slovenica

Maghsoud Ziaie, Karim Akbari Dilmaghani, Amir Tukmechi
A series of diethyl-2,6-dimethyl-4-phenyl-1,4-dihydropyridine-3,5-dicarboxylate derivative coupled to 1,3,4-oxadiazole-5-thiones and 1,2,4-triazole-5-thiones moieties at C2,C6 positions of 1,4-dihydropyridine ring system was prepared. This linkage was carried out by the reaction of 1,3,4-oxadiazole-5-thiones and 1,2,4-triazole-5-thiones with 2,6-dibromomethyl-3,5-diethoxycarbonyl-4-phenyl-1,4-dihydropyridine in the presence of potassium carbonate as a weak base and dry acetone as the solvent. The newly synthesized compounds were characterized by FT-IR, 1H NMR, 13C NMR spectral data, elemental analysis and FAB-MS...
December 2017: Acta Chimica Slovenica
Jure Zakrajšek, Katarina Bevc-Černilec, Simona Bohanec, Uroš Urleb
An ultra-performance liquid chromatographic method for simultaneous determination of rosuvastatin and rosuvastatin degradation products was developed and optimized by using fractional factorial experimental design. Optimized method is capable to accurately determine all potential degradation products of rosuvastatin. During the optimization the effect of four chosen chromatographic factors was evaluated. The analytical method operational design region was modeled using Umetrics MODDE software and optimal chromatographic conditions were predicted...
December 2017: Acta Chimica Slovenica
Xiu-Guang Yi, Wen-Tong Chen, Jian-Gen Huang, Ding-Wa Zhang, Yin-Feng Wang
A novel cadmium complex with mixed ligands [Cd(2,2'-biim)(4,4'-bipy)(H2O)(ClO4)] (ClO4)n (1) (2,2'-biim = 2,2'-biimidazole; 4,4'-bipy = 4,4'-bipyridine) has been synthesized through hydrothermal reaction and its crystal structure was determined by single-crystal X-ray diffraction technique. Single-crystal X-ray diffraction analyses revealed that complex 1 crystallizes in the space group Pna21 of the orthorhombic system and exhibits a one-dimensional zigzag chain structure consisting of [Cd(2,2'-biim)(4,4'-bipy)(H2O)(ClO4)]n n+ cationic chains and isolated ClO4 - anions...
December 2017: Acta Chimica Slovenica
Jure Vajs, Andrej Pevec, Martin Gazvoda, Damijana Urankar, Evgeny Goreshnik, Slovenko Polanc, Janez Košmrlj
Novel tetrachloridoruthenium(III) complex Na[trans-RuCl4(DMSO)(PyrDiaz)] (3) with pyridine-tethered diazenedicarboxamide PyrDiaz ligand (PyrDiaz = N1-(4-isopropylphenyl)-N2-(pyridin-2-ylmethyl)diazene-1,2-dicarboxamide) was synthesized by direct coupling of PyrDiaz with sodium trans-bis(dimethyl sulfoxide)tetrachloridoruthenate(III) (Na-[trans-Ru(DMSO)2Cl4]). Compound 3 is the analogue of the antimetastatic Ru(III) complex NAMI-A and NAMI-Pyr. Single crystal X.
December 2017: Acta Chimica Slovenica
Bor Lucijan Turek, Marijan Kočevar, Krištof Kranjc, Franc Perdih
With the application of a double dienophile 1,1'-(hexane-1,6-diyl)bis(1H-pyrrole-2,5-dione) for a [4+2] cycloaddition with a substituted 2H-pyran-2-one a novel 26-membered tetraaza heteromacrocyclic system 3 was prepared via a direct method under solvent-free conditions with microwave irradiation. The macrocycle prepared is composed of two units of the dienophile and two of the diene. The structure of the macrocycle was characterized on the basis of IR, 1H and 13C NMR and mass spectroscopy, as well as by the elemental analysis and melting point determination...
December 2017: Acta Chimica Slovenica
Miha Steinbücher, Peter Venturini, Jože Hafner, Matevž Zupančič, Peter Gregorčič, Iztok Golobič
Thickness-sensitive, spectrally selective paints based on a silane treatment of pigments were prepared with different pigment-volume concentrations. The critical pigment-volume concentration was determined by means of electrochemical impedance spectroscopy, while the pigment particle size distribution was determined with ultrasound spectroscopy. The selectivity versus thickness relation of a paint with a near-critical pigment-volume concentration was studied spectroscopically through performance criteria. Its nonlinearity was shown to be related to the surface topography...
December 2017: Acta Chimica Slovenica
Bogdan Štefane, Uroš Grošelj, Jurij Svete, Franc Požgan
Highly efficient asymmetric reduction of 2-benzylidenecyclopentanone derivatives to give the respective exocyclic allylic alcohols in ee's up to 96% was performed with chiral oxazaborolidine-based catalysts. Complete enantioselectivity furnishing (S)-configured alcohol product could be achieved by bioreduction of 2-(4-chlorobenzylidene)cyclopentanone with Daucus carota root. The synthesized compounds may be used as enantiomerically enriched standards for the monitoring of the enzyme-catalyzed redox processes...
December 2017: Acta Chimica Slovenica
Avula Srinivas, Malladi Sunitha, Pulluri Karthik, K Vasumathi Reddy
A new series of 5-((3aR,5S,6S,6aR)-6-((1-(4-chlorophenyl)-1H-1,2,3-triazol-4-yl)methoxy)-2,2-dimethyltetrahydrofuro[2,3-d][1,3]dioxol-5-yl)-3-(4-fluorophenyl)-2,6-diphenyl-3,3a,5,6-tetrahydro-2H-pyrazolo[3,4-d]thiazoles 10a-r was synthesized by the reaction of chalcone derivatives of 2-((3aR,5S,6S,6aR)-6-((1-(4-chlorophenyl)-1H-1,2,3-triazol-4-yl)methoxy)-2,2-dimethyltetrahydrofuro[2,3-d][1,3]dioxol-5-yl)-3-phenylthiazolidin-4-one 9 with aryl/alkyl hydrazines. The chemical structures of newly synthesized compounds were elucidated by IR, NMR, MS and elemental analysis...
December 2017: Acta Chimica Slovenica
Bajarang Laxman Shinde, Laxman Appa Dhale, Venkat S Suryavanshi, Kishan Shankarrao Lohar
Chromium doped Ni-Cu-Zn nano ferrites with chemical formula Ni0.2Cu0.2Zn0.6Fe2-xCrxO4 (x = 0.0, 0.2, 0.4, 0.6, 0.8, and 1.0) were prepared by using sol-gel auto combustion method. The prepared precursors of Chromium substituted Ni-Cu-Zn ferrites were sintered at 500 °C for 4h. Compositional stoichiometry were confirmed from EDAX patterns. The XRD data revealed that the all samples possess a single phase cubic spinel structure. The Lattice constant, X-ray density, hopping lengths and crystallite size determined from XRD data decreases with increase in Cr3+ concentration...
December 2017: Acta Chimica Slovenica
Vashundhra Sharma, Pradeep K Jaiswal, Dharmendra K Yadav, Mukesh Saran, Jaroslav Prikhodko, Manas Mathur, Ajit K Swami, Irina V Mashevskaya, Sandeep Chaudhary
A microwave-assisted, environmentally benign green protocol for the synthesis of functionalized (Z)-3-(2-oxo-2-phenylethylidene)-3, 4-dihydro-2H-benzo[b][1,4]oxazin-2-ones (11a-n) in excellent yields (upto 97%) and (Z)-3-(2-oxo-2-phenylethylidene)-3,4-dihydroquinoxalin-2(1H)-ones (14a-h) (upto 96% yield) are reported. The practical applicability of developed methodology were also confirmed by the gram scale synthesis of 11a, 14c and 14e; synthesis of anticancer alkaloid Cephalandole A 16 (89% yield). All the synthesized compounds 11a-n, 14a-h and 16 were assessed for their in vitro antioxidant activities in DPPH radical scavenging and FRAP assay...
December 2017: Acta Chimica Slovenica
Yanawath Santaladchaiyakit, Jutamas Bunchamnan, Darunee Tongsa, Supalax Srijaranai
Methyl salicylate based vortex-assisted surfactant-enhanced emulsification microextraction (MeSA-VASEME) has been developed and applied for rapid preconcentration of fungicides (i.e., carbendazim, thiabendazole, and fluberidazole) in honey samples followed by high performance liquid chromatographic analysis. MeSA was used as an extraction solvent, while surfactant was used to enhance the extraction performance under the dispersion by vortex agitation. The optimum MeSA-VASEME conditions were 100 μL MeSA, 2...
December 2017: Acta Chimica Slovenica
Hamid Reza Safaei, Mohsen Shekouhy
γ-Spiroiminolactone derivatives can be synthesized through an one-pot three-component reaction of cyclic carbonyl compounds (isatin, acenaphthoquinone, ninhydrin), activated α-methylene carbonyl groups and isocyanides in water using sodium dodecyl sulfate (SDS) as a commercially available and cheap surfactant compound. All products were obtained in good to excellent yields without formation of any by-products in water as a green and benign reaction medium. Moreover, presented method was successfully applied for the synthesis of some novel bis(spiroiminolactone) derivatives...
December 2017: Acta Chimica Slovenica
Yan-Jie Ren, Jin-Long Zhu, Li-Xin Zhang, Yin-Xiang Xu, Shao-Song Qian
Three new complexes derived from 2-(4-(pyridin-2-yl)piperazin-1-yl)acetic acid (HL), [M(L)2(H2O)2] where M = CuII (1), ZnII (2) and CdII (3), have been synthesized and characterized by IR spectroscopy, elemental analysis and X-ray crystallography. The inhibitory activity of these three complexes against MAO-B was tested in vitro, and the molecular docking experiments were also carried out to rationalize their binding models. Both the experimental and docking simulation results indicated that complex 1 has the best inhibitory activity with IC50 value being 6...
December 2017: Acta Chimica Slovenica
Benjamin Prek, Branko Stanovnik
A general four-step transformation of alkyl, cycloalkyl, aryl, and heteroaryl methyl ketones via 3-(dimethylamino)-1-substituted-prop-2-en-1-ones, followed by microwave [2+2] cycloaddition of dimethyl acetylenedicarboxylate, cyclization of (2E,3E)-2-[(dimethylamino)methylene]-3-(2-substituted)succinates with ammonia or hydroxylamine hydrochloride into 2-substituted-pyridine-4,5-dicarboxylates and their N-oxides and final cyclization with hydrazine hydrate into of 7-substituted-2,3-dihydropyrido[3,4-d]pyridazine-1,4-diones and 1,4-dioxo-7-substituted-1,2,3,4-tetrahydropyrido[4,3-d]pyridazine 6-oxides is shown...
December 2017: Acta Chimica Slovenica
Uroš Prah, Irena Kozjek Škofic
The temperature dependence of the anatase-to-rutile phase transition of TiO2 powders and thin films was studied. In order to shift the phase transition to higher temperature, samples were doped with a different amount of phosphate ions and their influence on the structure and thermal stability of the anatase phase was investigated. In addition, the effect of the catalyst form (powders or thin films) on the temperature of the anatase-to-rutile phase transition was observed. TiO2 thin films and powders were prepared using a simple sol-gel method with an alkoxide precursor and citric acid...
December 2017: Acta Chimica Slovenica
Kolsoum Pourzare, Saeed Farhadi, Yaghoub Mansourpanah
In this work, graphene oxide/Co3O4 nanocomposite was synthesized via hydrothermal decomposition of [Co(en)3] (NO3)3 complex onto graphene oxide nanosheets. The as-prepared nanocomposite (denoted as GO/Co3O4) was structurally characterized by Fourier transform infrared (FT-IR) spectroscopy, X-ray diffraction (XRD), Raman spectroscopy, scanning electron microscopies (TEM and SEM), energy dispersive X-ray (EDX) spectroscopy, magnetic measurements, and N2 adsorption-desorption analysis. The results demonstrated successful immobilization of Co3O4 nanoparticles with an average diameter size of around 12...
December 2017: Acta Chimica Slovenica
Anja Mahne Opatić, Marijan Nečemer, David Kocman, Sonja Lojen
In the present research, the applicability of stable isotope (δ13C, δ15N, δ34S, δ18O) and multi-element (P, S, Cl, K, Ca, Zn, Br, Rb, Sr) data for determining the geographical origin of garlic (Allium sativum L.) at the scale of Slovenia was examined. Slovenia is a rather small country (20273 km2) with significant geological and biological diversity. Garlic, valued for its medicinal properties, was collected from Slovenian farms with certified organic production and analyzed by elemental analyzer isotope ratio mass spectrometry combined with energy dispersive X- ray fluorescence spectrometry...
December 2017: Acta Chimica Slovenica
Hossein Nikoofard, Mohsen Sargolzaei, Farnosh Faridbod
A computational study at the density functional theory (DFT) as well as electrochemical methods, was carried out on the structural and physico-chemical properties of a series of sulfonamide derivatives (SAs) as WHO essential medications in the treatment of basic health system. The B3LYP/6-311++G(d,p) level of theory carried out on sulfadiazine (SDZ), sulfathiazole (STZ), sulfaquinoxaline (SQX), sulfacetamide (SAA), and the reference unsubstituted sulfonamide (SA) was discussed and rationalized in term of the N1-sulfonamide substituent...
December 2017: Acta Chimica Slovenica
Branislav Lukić, Uroš Grošelj, Marko Novinec, Jurij Svete
Eight novel 5-(N-Boc-N-benzyl-2-aminoethyl)-7-oxo-4,7-dihydropyrazolo[1,5-a]pyrimidin-3-carboxamides were prepared in three steps from methyl 3-amino-1H-pyrazole-4-carboxylate and methyl 5-(benzyl(tert-butoxycarbonyl)amino)-3-oxopentanoate. The synthetic procedure comprises cyclocondensation of the above starting compounds, hydrolysis of the ester, and bis(pentafluorophenyl) carbonate (BPC)-mediated amidation. Title carboxamides were tested for inhibition of cathepsins K and B. The N-butylcarboxamide 5a exhibited appreciable inhibition of cathepsin K (IC50 ~ 25 μM), while the strongest inhibition of cathepsin B was achieved with N-(2-picolyl)carboxamide 5c (IC50 ~ 45 μM)...
December 2017: Acta Chimica Slovenica
Jacek Lubczak, Renata Lubczak, Iwona Zarzyka
The one-pot multicomponent synthesis of oligoetherols containing azacycles is described. They were obtained by reaction of isocyanuric, barbituric, or uric acid or melamine with glycidol and alkylene carbonates. The isolated products were characterized by physical methods and their properties were compared with the same compounds obtained in twostep protocol. The oligoetherols with 1,3,5-triazine ring obtained by both methods were then used to form polyurethane foams and their properties were compared.
December 2017: Acta Chimica Slovenica
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