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Ultrasound: Journal of the British Medical Ultrasound Society

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30152816/erratum
#1
(no author information available yet)
[This corrects the article DOI: 10.1177/1742271X17733298.].
August 2018: Ultrasound: Journal of the British Medical Ultrasound Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30147743/percutaneous-drainage-of-a-parotid-gland-abscess-under-contrast-enhanced-ultrasound-guidance-a-case-report
#2
Sean Scattergood, Stephen Moore, Andrew Prior, Gibran T Yusuf, Paul S Sidhu
A parotid gland abscess is uncommon and if not responding to conservative management, requires surgical intervention. However, surgery is invasive with the risk of complicating facial nerve damage and possible poor cosmetic outcome. We present a case of a parotid gland abscess in association with an underlying Warthin's tumour requiring percutaneous drainage, as patient co-morbidity precluded a safe surgical approach. Percutaneous drainage was aided by a contrast-enhanced ultrasound examination, which permitted delineation of the fluid aspects of the collection from the underlying tumour and allowed successful percutaneous ultrasound-guided aspiration without complication...
August 2018: Ultrasound: Journal of the British Medical Ultrasound Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30147742/characterization-of-a-hepatic-haemangioma-with-contrast-enhanced-ultrasound-in-an-infant
#3
Marta Anna Piorkowska, Rok Dezman, Maria E Sellars, Annamaria Deganello, Paul S Sidhu
Focal liver lesions are uncommon in the paediatric population, majority are benign but need to be clearly identified as benign. Contrast-enhanced ultrasound has recently received approval for paediatric hepatic use and represents an inexpensive and safe alternative to computed tomography and magnetic resonance imaging for focal liver lesion characterization. We report a case of an incidental focal liver lesion in a four-month-old infant, indeterminate on B-mode ultrasound but successfully characterized with contrast-enhanced ultrasound as a haemangioma, without recourse to other imaging techniques, and with minimal patient discomfort...
August 2018: Ultrasound: Journal of the British Medical Ultrasound Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30147741/risk-of-infection-following-semi-invasive-ultrasound-procedures-in-scotland-2010-to-2016-a-retrospective-cohort-study-using-linked-national-datasets
#4
David Scott, Eilidh Fletcher, Hayley Kane, William Malcolm, Kimberley Kavanagh, A-Lan Banks, Annette Rankin
Introduction: Outbreak reports indicate a risk of cross-infection following medical procedures using semi-invasive ultrasound probes. This study aimed to evaluate the risk of infection, using microbiological reports and antibiotic prescriptions as proxy measures, associated with semi-invasive ultrasound probe procedures, including transoesophageal echocardiography, transvaginal and transrectal ultrasound. Methods: Patient records from the Electronic Communication of Surveillance in Scotland and the Prescribing Information System were linked with the Scottish Morbidity Records for cases in Scotland between 2010 and 2016...
August 2018: Ultrasound: Journal of the British Medical Ultrasound Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30147740/b-flow-imaging-of-the-placenta-a-feasibility-study
#5
Manjiri K Dighe, Mariam Moshiri, Jennifer Jolley, Jeff Thiel, Dan Hippe
B-Flow imaging directly displays the flowing intravascular echoes during real-time gray-scale ultrasound without using Doppler techniques. The objective of our study was to evaluate the feasibility of B-Flow imaging in the placenta and to evaluate the artifacts seen on B-Flow imaging. After IRB approval, 36 women (17 normal and 19 high risk women) were enrolled in our study. B-Flow images were acquired on GE LOGIC E9 machine. Retrospective analysis of the B-Flow and cine capture images was performed for artifacts and for vessels visualized...
August 2018: Ultrasound: Journal of the British Medical Ultrasound Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30147739/ultrasound-diagnosis-of-molar-pregnancy
#6
Jackie A Ross, Alina Unipan, Jackie Clarke, Catherine Magee, Jemma Johns
Introduction: The primary aims of this study were to establish what proportion of ultrasonically suspected molar pregnancies were proven on histological examination and what proportion of histologically diagnosed molar pregnancies were identified by ultrasound pre-operatively. The secondary aim was to review the features of these scans to help identify criteria that may improve ultrasound diagnosis. Methods: This was a retrospective observational study conducted in the Early Pregnancy Unit at King's College Hospital London over an 11-year period...
August 2018: Ultrasound: Journal of the British Medical Ultrasound Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30147738/the-role-of-ultrasound-guided-tissue-sampling-techniques-in-the-management-of-extra-ocular-orbital-lesions
#7
REVIEW
Antonia Timmis, Philip Touska, Jimmy Uddin, James Pilcher
Background: Multiple disease processes may arise within the orbit and imaging plays a vital role in the evaluation of such lesions. The anterior orbital contents are readily amenable to evaluation by ultrasonography. Furthermore, the modality can be used to guide tissue sampling (fine needle aspiration or core biopsy) and may obviate the requirement for invasive surgical biopsy. Methods: We carried out a retrospective review of ultrasound-guided fine needle aspirations/core biopsies of extra-ocular orbital lesions undertaken at our institution...
August 2018: Ultrasound: Journal of the British Medical Ultrasound Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30147737/vascular-ultrasound-the-potential-of-integration-of-multiparametric-ultrasound-into-routine-clinical-practice
#8
REVIEW
Vasileios Rafailidis, Paul S Sidhu
Introduction: Ultrasound has traditionally been regarded as the first-line imaging modality for screening, diagnostic evaluation and monitoring treatment and disease progression of vascular pathology, including both the arterial and the venous branch of the vascular system. Albeit of its well-tolerated nature, wide availability and low cost, ultrasound above all, has the advantage of providing the clinician with clinically significant information related to both intraluminal irregularities and extravascular disease...
August 2018: Ultrasound: Journal of the British Medical Ultrasound Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30147736/editorial
#9
EDITORIAL
Bid Kumar
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2018: Ultrasound: Journal of the British Medical Ultrasound Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30013613/vasa-praevia-should-we-routinely-screen-high-risk-women-for-this-rare-but-serious-condition
#10
Victoria McQueen, Michelle Speed, Susan Rutter, Thomas Gray
Vasa praevia is described as the unprotected fetal vessels traversing through the placental membranes over the cervical os, below the fetal presenting part and unprotected by placental tissue or the umbilical cord. It is often not detected antenatally and presents with painless bleeding and rapid fetal compromise after spontaneous or artificial rupture of the membranes, which causes trauma to these vessels. It is a rare condition affecting one in 2500 pregnancies and has a reported perinatal mortality rate of up to 60%...
May 2018: Ultrasound: Journal of the British Medical Ultrasound Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30013612/the-reliability-of-carotid-ultrasound-in-determining-the-return-of-pulsatile-flow-a-pilot-study
#11
Biljana Germanoska, Matthew Coady, Sheyin Ng, Gary Fermanis, Matthew Miller
Manual palpation of pulses is unreliable in detecting pulsatile flow in human participants, complicating the assessment of return of spontaneous circulation after cardiac arrest. Ultrasound may offer an alternative. This study's objective was to investigate whether return of pulsatile flow in humans can be reliably assessed by common carotid artery ultrasound. We conducted a single-blinded randomised study of common carotid artery ultrasound using 20 cardiopulmonary bypass patients to model the return of pulsatile flow...
May 2018: Ultrasound: Journal of the British Medical Ultrasound Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30013611/a-retrospective-review-of-the-role-of-b-mode-and-color-doppler-ultrasonography-in-the-investigation-of-primary-hyperparathyroidism-features-that-differentiate-benign-from-malignant-lesions
#12
Cheng Fang, Eleni Konstantatou, Nicola J Mulholland, Serena Baroncini, Mohammad A Husainy, Klaus-Martin Schulte, Paul S Sidhu
Purpose: To identify the variant features encountered in parathyroid abnormalities and document those suggesting malignant change. Materials and methods: Data were collected from a cohort of patients who underwent investigation for primary hyperparathyroidism over a 10-year period. Ultrasonographic features: shape, presence of calcification, cystic changes, heterogeneous echogenicity, vascularity, capsular thickening, local invasion, and vascularity were reviewed retrospectively and were used to correlate with final histological findings...
May 2018: Ultrasound: Journal of the British Medical Ultrasound Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30013610/levels-of-agreement-in-the-measurements-of-carotid-artery-ultrasound-across-a-regional-vascular-network
#13
Mervyn Alexander McKenna, Michelle Clare Bonfield, Teresa Robinson
Introduction: Duplex ultrasound is often the sole imaging modality used in diagnosing carotid artery disease. However, the reproducibility and repeatability of scientists in determining the peak systolic velocity and end diastolic velocity of the internal carotid artery and common carotid artery (CCA) is widely debated. Study aim: To investigate intra- and inter-operator variability in diagnostic ultrasound of the carotid arteries across a centralised vascular network using a healthy test subject...
May 2018: Ultrasound: Journal of the British Medical Ultrasound Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30013609/single-centre-audit-of-early-impact-of-inclusion-of-the-three-vessel-and-trachea-view-in-obstetric-screening
#14
Hazel Edwards, Richard Hamilton
Detection rates of congenital cardiac malformations have traditionally remained low. The NHS Fetal Anomaly Screening Programme (FASP) aims to increase these detection rates for various reasons, including influencing perinatal management and aiding parental decision making. The inclusion of the three vessel view and trachea (3VT) view in 2015 aimed to improve detection rates of arch abnormalities in particular. This study evaluated the early impact of the new initiative at one NHS Trust. Departmental screen-positive rates were compared for a full year before and after implementation...
May 2018: Ultrasound: Journal of the British Medical Ultrasound Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30013608/computer-assisted-detection-of-tardus-parvus-waveforms-on-doppler-ultrasound
#15
Gowthaman Gunabushanam, John D Millet, Erik Stilp, Forrest W Crawford, Robert L McNamara, Leslie M Scoutt
Objective: To determine if a novel computer-generated metric, effective acceleration time, improves accuracy for detecting tardus parvus waveforms on spectral Doppler ultrasound. Methods: Patients with echocardiography-confirmed aortic valve stenosis ( n  = 132; 60 mild, 44 moderate, 28 severe) and matched controls ( n  = 48) who underwent carotid Doppler ultrasound were identified through an imaging database search at a single medical center. A custom-built spectral analysis computer program generated effective acceleration time values for spectral Doppler waveforms in the carotid arteries and a receiver operating characteristic analysis was performed to determine the optimal median effective acceleration time cutoff value to detect tardus parvus waveforms...
May 2018: Ultrasound: Journal of the British Medical Ultrasound Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30013607/fetal-growth-surveillance-current-guidelines-practices-and-challenges
#16
REVIEW
Mandy Williams, Sue Turner, Emily Butler, Jason Gardosi
Antenatal surveillance of fetal growth is an essential part of good maternity care, as lack of detection of fetal growth restriction is directly associated with stillbirth and perinatal morbidity. New algorithms and guidelines provide care pathways which rely on regular third trimester ultrasound biometry and plotting of estimated fetal weight in pregnancies considered to be at increased risk, and their implementation has increased pressures on ultrasound resources. Customised growth charts have improved the distinction between constitutional and pathological smallness and reduced unnecessary referrals...
May 2018: Ultrasound: Journal of the British Medical Ultrasound Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30013606/editorial
#17
EDITORIAL
Bid Kumar
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2018: Ultrasound: Journal of the British Medical Ultrasound Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29456583/fetal-adrenal-gland-biometry-and-cervical-elastography-as-predictors-of-preterm-birth-a-comparative-study
#18
Shubhra Agarwal, Arjit Agarwal, Pawan Joon, Shalini Saraswat, Shruti Chandak
Background: Preterm birth is a major health problem in developing and developed countries leading to rising health care costs and long-term neurodevelopmental disability. The study aims to evaluate the role of new quantitative markers, like the elastography of cervix (shear wave speed estimation), fetal adrenal zone enlargement, and corrected fetal adrenal gland volume; in preterm birth prediction and analyze their relative importance. Thus, these markers may be beneficial in early preterm birth detection and prevent the related morbidities...
February 2018: Ultrasound: Journal of the British Medical Ultrasound Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29456582/assessing-the-accuracy-of-ultrasound-estimation-of-gestational-age-during-routine-antenatal-care-in-in-vitro-fertilization-ivf-pregnancies
#19
Bridget Knight, Aaron Brereton, Roy J Powell, Helen Liversedge
Introduction: In the UK an accurate gestational age is confirmed by ultrasound measured foetal crown rump length (CRL) at 11 + 2-14 + 1 weeks of gestation. The currently recommended Robinson and Fleming crown rump length reference chart was develop in 1975. Advances in ultrasound technology and standardized crown rump length measurement training could mean this is now out of date. Our study aimed to assess its accuracy in current routine antenatal care. Methods: Retrospective data from 178 IVF pregnancies seen for routine antenatal care at a UK Regional Maternity Unit between 1 January 2006 and 1 January 2016 was retrieved...
February 2018: Ultrasound: Journal of the British Medical Ultrasound Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29456581/antenatal-diagnosis-of-total-anomalous-pulmonary-venous-connection-in-functional-single-ventricle-hearts-outcomes-over-13-year-period
#20
Precylia Fernandes, Lito Mantagou, Ram Ramaraj, Umber Agarwal, Joyce Su Ling Lim
Introduction: A functionally single cardiac ventricle seen on foetal ultrasound scan carries a guarded prognosis. The antenatal diagnosis of anomalous pulmonary venous connection (APVC) remains challenging, if there is no associated structural cardiac abnormality. Antenatally, a combination of complex cardiac anomaly with suspected isomerism should raise the possibility of associated total anomalous pulmonary venous connection (TAPVC). There needs to be a high index of suspicion for TAPVC, in functional single ventricle and suspected isomerism, as this carries a very grim outcome postnatally...
February 2018: Ultrasound: Journal of the British Medical Ultrasound Society
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