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Marc Pollet
On the basis of comparison between the female holotype of Dolichopus nimbatus Parent and the female paratype of D. balius Meuffels, and comparison of a male paratype of D. balius with the description of D. thalhammeri Knézy, D. balius and D. thalhammeri are designated junior synonyms of D. nimbatus. Dolichopus nimbatus ranges from northern France and Belgium to southern Turkey. Ecological features might explain its rarity in collections.
March 2, 2017: Zootaxa
Euvaldo Marciano-Jr, Amanda Santiago F Lantyer-Silva, Mirco Solé
We describe a new species of Phyllodytes from Ilhéus (15º04'S, 39º03'W; 95 m above sea level), south of state of Bahia, in the northeastern Atlantic Forest of Brazil. Phyllodytes megatympanum sp. nov. is diagnosable by the following combination of characters: (1) dorsum of body, arms, and legs uniformly light brown; (2) groin yellow; (3) snout pointed in dorsal view, protruding in profile; (4) tympanum large with a round distinct tympanic annulus; (5) adult males with two anterior large odontoids followed by a series of smaller odontoids on each side of the mandible; (6) well-developed tubercle near tibio-tarsal joint; (7) advertisement call composed of a series of 12 to 19 unpulsed notes, with harmonic structure and (8) mean dominant frequency of 3...
March 2, 2017: Zootaxa
Ming Kai Tan, Jihea Choi, Nivedita Shankar
The orthopterans are diverse insects and play important roles in the ecosystem as well as having "love-hate relationship" with humans. Documentation of diversity in Southeast Asia has long history but remains incomplete. Using information of type specimens and Geographic Information System (GIS) techniques, we investigated the following questions on new species discovery for the region, specifically: (1) How are new species discoveries of orthopterans distributed in Southeast Asia? (2) How have new species discoveries changed with time? (3) How do new species discoveries relate to the countries of the type depositories? We found that new species discoveries, relative to sampling, are fragmentary in Southeast Asia and changes with different time periods...
March 2, 2017: Zootaxa
Farzaneh Momtazi, Jim Lowry, Maryam Hekmatara
A new genus and species, Persianorchestia nirvana gen. et sp. nov., is described from the south coast of Iran along the Gulf of Oman. The new genus is characterized by large eyes, gnathopod 1 posterior margin of carpus and propodus each with lobe covered in palmate setae, smooth posterior margin on dactylus of male gnathopod 2, a slender dactylus on pereopod 5, uropod 1 outer ramus without marginal robust setae and with apical spear-shaped setae on the rami of uropods 1 and 2. Persianorchestia is most similar to Pseudorchestoidea Bousfield, 1982...
March 2, 2017: Zootaxa
Chuncai Yan, Chao Song, Ting Liu, Guangjun Zhao, Ziyuan Hou, Wei Cao, Xinhua Wang
Polypedilum (Tripodura) enshiense Song & Wang sp. n. and P. (Tripodura) jianfengense Song & Wang sp. n. are described and illustrated as male imagines from China. P. (Uresipedilum) paraconvictum Yamamoto, Yamamoto & Hirowatari, 2016 is recorded from China for the first time. Cytochrome coxidase subunit I (COI) sequence of above species are uploaded to Barcode of Life Data Systems (BOLD).
March 2, 2017: Zootaxa
María Luisa Jimenez, James Edwin Berrian, Daniele Polotow, Carlos Palacios-Cardiel
Califorctenus gen. nov. (Araneae: Ctenidae) a new genus and a new species (Califorctenus cacachilensis sp. nov.) from the Baja California Peninsula in Mexico are described and illustrated. Califorctenus gen. nov. can be diagnosed by the morphology of the male palp, with embolus cylindrical and elongated, locking lobes of embolus positioned retrolaterally and the cup-shaped and elongated median apophysis.
March 2, 2017: Zootaxa
Hernan Mario Beccacece
A new species of Bertholdia Schaus is described: Bertholdia zoenia sp. n., based on males and females from Argentina and Paraguay. This new species is closer to Bertholdia myosticta Hampson, 1901 from Costa Rica, Irazú. Bertholdia zoenia sp. n. can be recognized externally because its hyaline spot on forewing is the widest among all species of genus. Also, the shape of this hyaline spot is like a right triangle with smooth outer margin, different from other species of genus, which have an irregular spot. Habitus, male and female genitalia, and particular structures of B...
March 2, 2017: Zootaxa
Jörg Freyhof, Younis Sabir Abdullah
Two new species of Oxynoemacheilus are described from the Sirvan River drainage in Iraqi Kurdistan. Oxynoemacheilus gyndes, new species, is distinguished by having a very short lateral line, reaching behind the pectoral-fin base, no scales except on the posteriormost part of the caudal peduncle, a slightly emarginate caudal fin and no suborbital groove in males. Oxynoemacheilus hanae, new species, is distinguished by having a midlateral row of elongated blotches, isolated patches of dark-brown spots or blotches on lower flank, a deeply emarginate caudal fin and a suborbital groove in males...
March 2, 2017: Zootaxa
Atsushi Mochizuki, Charles S Henry, Peter Duelli
The small lacewing genus Apertochrysa comprises species from Africa, Asia and Australia. All lack a tignum, but otherwise resemble distantly related genera. We show that Apertochrysa does not form a monophyletic clade, based on analyses of molecular sequence data and morphological traits such as the presence and shape of the male gonapsis, wing venation, and larval setae. Apertochrysa kichijoi forms a clade with Eremochrysa, Suarius and Chrysemosa, whereas A. albolineatoides belongs to a clade that includes Cunctochrysa...
March 2, 2017: Zootaxa
Michał Furgoł
A rich material of springtails from Poland was analysed using chaetotaxy. The analysis of the genus Entomobrya reaveled three new species, which are described in this paper: E. emiliae sp. nov., E. flavovirens sp. nov., and E. kasprowiensis sp. nov. Both the modern (pattern of macrochaetotaxy) and the traditional (colouration) characters were applied in the descriptions.
March 2, 2017: Zootaxa
Yan-Rong Wang, Zhong-Li Sha
Three species of the genus Automate De Man, 1888 are described herein, including two new species: A. anacanthopusoides sp. nov. and A. spinosa sp. nov.. Automate anacanthopusoides sp. nov. can be easily identified by the presence of a rostrum, the notch on the lower margin of the major chela, the stout minor cheliped and the cutting edge of the pollex not dentate, and by the absence of spines on the ventral margin of the propodus of the third and fourth pereiopod. Automate spinosa sp. nov. can be easily identified by the nearly straight anterior margin of the carapace, and the presence of spines on the ventral margin of the propodus of third and fourth pereiopod...
March 2, 2017: Zootaxa
Felipe V Freitas, Fernando A Silveira
Thygater Holmberg 1884, a Neotropical bee genus distributed from Argentina to Mexico, was last revised almost 50 years ago. Considering the species recognized then, and a few others described subsequently, 30 species are currently included in the genus. The Brazilian state of Minas Gerais is a large, environmentally heterogeneous territory, including areas in the phytogeographic domains of the Atlantic Tropical Rain Forest, the semiarid Caatinga and the highly seasonal Cerrado. The state insect fauna has been poorly sampled and studied...
March 2, 2017: Zootaxa
Allen F Sanborn, Zubair Ahmed
Pakistan contains parts of the Indomalayan and Palaearctic ecozones. As a result, there is a diversity of habitats that has led to diversity in the cicada fauna. We reviewed the Pakistani cicada fauna (Ahmed and Sanborn 2010) but new records and new species continue to be found (Ahmed et al. 2010; 2012; 2013; 2014). This work continues to expand the knowledge of the Pakistani cicada fauna with the description of a new genus and new species of cicada provided to the second author from his contacts.
March 2, 2017: Zootaxa
Patrik Barcelos-Silva, Gleison Robson Desidério, Ana Maria Pes
The worldwide caddisfly family Calamoceratidae comprises about 175 extant species in eight genera (Holzenthal et al. 2007). Among these, two are exclusively recorded from the Neotropics: Banyallarga Navás with 18 described species (Prather 2004) and Phylloicus Müller with 57 described species (Prather 2003, Dumas & Nessimian 2010, Santos & Nessimian 2010, Quinteiro et al. 2011), both genera recently reviewed by Prather (2003, 2004).
March 2, 2017: Zootaxa
Carles Hernando, Ignacio Ribera
The knowledge of the Hydraenidae of sub-Saharan Africa, and in particular of the genus Hydraena Kugelann, 1794, is most incomplete. As an example, in southern Africa only three species were described before the revision of Perkins (2014), which raised the number to 31. Only 15 species are currently known from Central Africa, between the Sahel and South Africa, all belonging to subgenus Hydraenopsis Janssens, 1972 (Trizzino et al. 2013), but many more remain to be described and discovered. The islands of the Gulf of Guinea are no exception to this lack of knowledge (Jones 1994), and only one species of the family was previously known, H...
March 2, 2017: Zootaxa
Aidas Saldaitis, Balázs Benedek
A new Hadenini genus and species, Irene gen. n. litanga sp. n. (Figs 1-4, 13, 15), are described from China. This is the third paper since 2013 dealing with members of the Polia-complex in the Himalayan region and particularly the mountainous areas of Central China (Saldaitis et al., 2013, 2016). The discovery of a new genus within the Polia genera group again demonstrates the fascinating and surprising diversity of the region. The clarification of the relationship between the genera-subgenera and species belonging to Polia genera group, (e...
March 2, 2017: Zootaxa
Claudia Molina-Zuluaga, Estefany Cano, Adriana Restrepo, Marco Rada, Juan M Daza
The glassfrog genus Cochranella, with nine recognized species, is distributed in the lowlands and mid elevation of the Neotropical forests, from Nicaragua to Bolivia (Guayasamin et al. 2009; Twomey et al. 2014). Four species are trans-Andean-C. granulosa (Taylor 1949) occurs in the lowlands and mountains, at mid elevation, of Central America, C. litoralis (Ruiz-Carranza & Lynch 1996) and C. mache Guayasamin & Bonaccorso 2004 occur in the Pacific lowlands and the western cloud forests of Colombia and Ecuador, and C...
March 2, 2017: Zootaxa
Yan-Qing Hu, Zhen-Fu Huang, Min Wang
Panchrysia can be readily recognized by the brilliant silvery markings diffused on forewings except Panchrysia marmorea (Ronkay, 1986) and Panchrysia deaurata (Esper), which are characterized by the lack of silvery marking. As currently, this genus is consisted of six species, all of species have been recorded from Eurasian geographic distribution (Ronkay et al., 2008). In China, P. marmorea, Panchrysia tibetensis Chou & Lu, 1982, Panchrysia dives (Eversmann, 1844) and Panchrysia ornate (Bremer, 1864) have been recorded (Chou & Lu, 1978, 1979, 1982; Ronkay, 1986; Han et al...
March 2, 2017: Zootaxa
Alireza Zamani, Yuri M Marusik, Seppo Koponen
Within Dysderidae, Harpactea Bristowe, 1939 (178 species) is second only to Dysdera Latreille, 1804 (264 species) in number of species (WSC 2016). Harpactea is distributed from Portugal (Helsdingen 2015) to eastern Iran (Brignoli 1980) and, although there are many publications dealing with the taxonomy of Harpactea, an inclusive revision of the genus has never been done. In a paper on the Dysderidae of the Caucasus Dunin (1992) provided a regional revision of Harpactea.
March 2, 2017: Zootaxa
Azzam Alahmed, Yousif Aldryhim, Mohammed Shobrak, Mohamed Nasser
Amyrsidea Ewing, 1927 is a genus of chewing lice comprising 52 species, divided into five subgenera: Amyrsidea sensu stricto, Argimenopon Eichler, 1947, Cracimenopon Carriker, 1954, Desumenopon Carriker, 1954 and Numidimenopon Scharf & Price, 1977 (see Price et al. 2003: 86), which parasitise a wide range of hosts belonging to the avian order Galliformes (see Price et al. 2003: 321). Species of Amyrsidea can be distinguished from species of Menacanthus Neumann, 1912-the other menoponid genus with species parasitic on the same hosts-by lacking ventral spinous processes in the head (Scharf & Price 1977: 815)...
March 2, 2017: Zootaxa
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