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Claus Rasmussen, Hans Thomsen Schmidt, Henning Bang Madsen
Based on the examination of 47.629 specimens of bees from Denmark (54.6ºN to 57.8ºN) we summarize for the first time the distribution, phenology and host-plants for all 286 known species occurring in the country. The mapped occurrence records distinguish whether species are found only in 1974 or earlier, 1975 or later, or in both periods. Danish bees are recorded active from February 29 through October 21 and have been collected in 79% of the 10x10 km Universal Transverse Mercator (UTM) squares covering the country; seven UTM squares have over 100 reported species...
December 23, 2016: Zootaxa
Volker W Framenau, Barbara C Baehr
The Australian wolf spider (Lycosidae Sundevall, 1833) genus Tasmanicosa Roewer, 1959 with Lycosa tasmanica Hogg, 1905 as type species is revised to include 14 species: T. godeffroyi (L. Koch, 1865), comb. nov. (= Lycosa tasmanica Hogg, 1905, syn. nov.; = Lycosa zualella Strand, 1907, syn. nov.; = Lycosa woodwardi Simon, 1909, syn. nov.); T. fulgor sp. nov.; T. gilberta (Hogg, 1905) comb. nov.; T. harmsi sp. nov.; T. hughjackmani sp. nov.; T. kochorum sp. nov.; T. leuckartii (Thorell, 1870), comb. nov. (= Lycosa molyneuxi Hogg, 1905, syn...
December 23, 2016: Zootaxa
Zachary M Portman, John L Neff, Terry Griswold
Perdita subgenus Heteroperdita Timberlake, a distinctive subgenus of 22 species from the southwestern United States and adjacent Mexico, all specialists on Tiquilia (Boraginaceae), is revised. Nine new species are described: Perdita (Heteroperdita) desdemona Portman, sp. n., P. (H.) exusta Portman & Griswold, sp. n., P. (H.) hippolyta Portman & Griswold, sp. n. (male previously incorrectly described as P. pilonotata Timberlake), P. (H.) hooki Portman & Neff, sp. n., P. (H.) nuttalliae Portman, sp. n., P. (H...
December 23, 2016: Zootaxa
Briony L Mamo
Effective reef management and monitoring has become increasingly important as anthropogenic processes impact upon natural ecosystems. One locality that is under direct threat due to human activities is the Australian Great Barrier Reef (GBR). Marine foraminifera represent an abundant and readily applicable tool that can be used in reef studies to investigate a variety of ecological parameters and assist in understanding reef dynamics and influence management protocols. The first step is to establish a baseline knowledge of taxonomic composition within the region to facilitate comparative studies and monitor how assemblages change in order to maximise effective management...
December 23, 2016: Zootaxa
Peter K L Ng, Peter Castro
The family Chasmocarcinidae Serène, 1964, is revised based on the examination of the type material of many of its species as well as unidentified and previously identified material from around the world. The revised family now consists of three subfamilies comprising 16 genera (including eight described as new) and 51 species (including 19 described as new). The subfamily Chasmocarciinae Serène, 1964, consists of Amboplax n. gen. with one species; Angustopelta n. gen. with four species, two of which are new; Camatopsis Alcock & Anderson, 1899, with six species, five of which are new; Chasmocarcinops Alcock, 1900, with one species; Chasmocarcinus Rathbun, 1898, with 11 species, one of which is new; Chinommatia n...
December 22, 2016: Zootaxa
Mathias Harzhauser, Bernard Landau
The Miocene Conidae and Conorbidae of the central- and south-eastern European Paratethys Sea are revised. In total, 74 species are described of which 10 are new species and 5 are documented for the first time from Paratethyan localities. Species descriptions and delimitations are partly based on morphometric data. In addition, colour patterns are described for the first time for the majority of species. In respect to the ongoing discussion on the supraspecific treatment of extant Conidae, we strongly focus on generic allocations and provide a key for the genera as understood herein...
December 22, 2016: Zootaxa
Dragan Ž Antić, Slobodan E Makarov
Fifteen new genera and 36 new species of the diplopod family Anthroleucosomatidae Verhoeff, 1899 are described from the Caucasus, one of the world's biodiversity hotspots: Golovatchosoma bacillichaetum gen. et sp. nov., G. trichochaetum sp. nov., Alpinella waltheri gen. et sp. nov., Brachychaetosoma turbanovi gen. et sp. nov., Caucaseuma elephantum sp. nov., C. fanagoriyskaya sp. nov., C. glabroscutum sp. nov., C. kelasuri sp. nov., C. minellii sp. nov., C. variabile sp. nov., Caucasominorus billi gen. et sp...
December 22, 2016: Zootaxa
Laurence Mound, Arturo Goldarazena, Guillermo Lopez-Guillen, Thierry Hance
There are nearly 280 species of Liothrips listed from around the world (ThripsWiki 2016), all of them presumably feeding and breeding on the leaves of higher plants, and sometimes inducing or being associated with galls (Mound 1994). Despite this, for most of these species the identity of the plant species on which they are dependent is rarely known, and a particularly high proportion of the species are based on few specimens or even single individuals (cf Table 1). As a result, the identity of many of these named species continues to be in doubt...
December 21, 2016: Zootaxa
You Ning Su
Stabilising microstructures and small organisms for microphotography can be frustrating. If it is desired to take photographs in water from structures just cleared in potassium hydroxide, some sort of stabilisation is necessary otherwise the structures drift. Similarly, specimens taken from glycerol or alcohol, or those placed in alcohol, drift even more as the alcohol evaporates. Bits of crushed coverslip, glass beads, micro pins and dobs of Vaseline® have all been used to help keep the structures in place...
December 21, 2016: Zootaxa
Ekaterina D Vasil'eva, Daemin Kim, Victor P Vasil'ev, Myeong-Hun Ko, Yong-Jin Won
Cobitis nalbanti, new species, is described from the South Korean Han and Geum Rivers, draining to the Yellow Sea. It differs from its congeners by having a wide, ovoid lamina circularis; rounded scales with a large, slightly-displaced focal zone; a relatively long, protruded snout; the suborbital spine not reaching the center of the eye; the mandibular barbel not reaching the anterior edge of the eye; usually 12-14 dark brown blotches in the fourth Gambetta's zone; a single elongated black spot on the upper part of the caudal-fin base; the only streak on the head running from the tip of the snout to the nape, across the eye; 2n=48-51 and NF=66...
December 21, 2016: Zootaxa
Fenglong Jia, Yudan Tang, Yûsuke N Minoshima
Three new species of the genus Crenitis Bedel, 1881 are described from China: C. aduncata sp. nov. (Yunnan), C. lianggeqiui sp. nov. (Yunnan and Sichuan) and C. obovata sp. nov. (Guangxi and Guizhou). All three species are assigned to the subgenus Crenitis. New locality records in China are provided for C. apicalis (Reitter, 1896) (from Inner Mongolia) and C. convexa Ji & Komarek, 2003 (from Ningxia, Chongqing). A key to the Chinese species of the subgenus Crenitis is provided.
December 21, 2016: Zootaxa
Kadaba Shamanna Seshadri, H Priti, G Ravikanth, M K Vidisha, K K Vineeth, Ramit Singal, R R Sarma, N A Aravind, Kotambylu Vasudeva Gururaja
Microhyla sholigari is an endangered frog described in the year 2000. The original description was based on non-adult types and lacked information on several morphological characters, call structure, genetic material and photographs of the animal in life. The absence of such information posed challenges in field identification of this species. Since the original description, there is one other reported sighting of this species from Kerala in 2001. We encountered specimens that we confer to this species based on morphological similarity to the subadult holotype, from several new localities within and outside the Western Ghats of Karnataka...
December 21, 2016: Zootaxa
Anna Kozłowska
Gothograptus? meganassa Rickards & Palmer, 2002 is assigned to a new genus Semigothograptus. New, well preserved material from the dubius/nassa Biozone (upper Homerian, Silurian) of the Bartoszyce IG-1 drill core Poland is described. This provides a new phylogenetic perspective on the evolution of post-lundgreni Event retiolitines. Semigothograptus meganassa is considered to be a descendant of Gothograptus nassa, although one of the most significant differences between these forms is the position of the nema, and narrow finite tubarium ending in an appendix in G...
December 21, 2016: Zootaxa
Philippe Willenz, Alexander V Ereskovsky, Dennis V Lavrov
A series of recent expeditions in fjords and canals of Southern Chilean Patagonia allowed the re-collection of Halisarca magellanica Topsent, 1901 and the discovery of a new species, Halisarca desqueyrouxae sp. nov. The material studied was collected at depths ranging from 3 to 30 m at latitudes comprised between 42° and 49°S. Both species share the same habitat and show a morphological plasticity, but differ in their colour. Halisarca magellanica is bright pink to whitish with three morphs whereas H. desqueyrouxae sp...
December 21, 2016: Zootaxa
Jingchao He, Xiaolei Liu, Feng Zhang
Clubiona Latreille, 1804, comprising approximately 78% of all Clubionidae species described so far, is the largest genus in the family. Of the 476 Clubiona species worldwide, 113 have been reported from China (World Spider Catalog 2016, Li & Lin 2016). However, the diversity of this genus in China is still insufficiently known and several new species have been described in the last few years (Wu & Zhang 2014a; Wu & Zhang 2014b; Dankittipakul & Singtripop 2014; Wang, Wu & Zhang 2015; Wu, Zheng & Zhang 2015)...
December 19, 2016: Zootaxa
Chuncai Yan, Guangjun Zhao, Ting Liu, Qin Guo, Ziyuan Hou, Xinhua Wang, Baoping Pan
Two new species of the genus Cryptochironomus Kieffer, C. maculus Yan & Wang sp. n. and C. protuberans Yan & Wang sp. n. are described and illustrated as adult males. C. albofasciatus (Staeger) is recorded from China for the first time. A key to the males of Cryptochironomus in China is presented and generic diagnosis is emended.
December 19, 2016: Zootaxa
Artem M Prokofiev, Ofer Gon, Peter N Psomadakis
A new species of Neobathyclupea is described from two specimens collected off Myanmar and off Socotra Island. The new species is most similar to N. malayana, but differs from it and other congeners in having jet-black coloured fins, larger pseudobranch, dorsal-pterygiophore pattern and some body proportions. Neobathyclupea malayana is re-diagnosed. Individual variations in armament of the preopercle and in the dorsal-pterygiophore patterns within Bathyclupeidae are discussed.
December 19, 2016: Zootaxa
Yang Li, Jun-Hua He, Xue-Xin Chen
Four subgenera of the genus Bracon Fabricius (Hymenoptera, Braconidae, Braconinae) are newly reported to China, i.e., Ophthalmobracon Tobias, 1957; Orientobracon Tobias, 2000; Punctobracon Papp, 1996; and Sculptobracon Tobias, 1961. Six species are recognized, including five new species, B. (Ophthalmobracon) elevatus sp. nov., B. (Orientobracon) maculaverticalis sp. nov., B. (Orientobracon) laticanaliculatus sp. nov., B. (Punctobracon) rhyacioniainus sp. nov. and B. (Sculptobracon) obsoletus sp. nov., which are described and illustrated...
December 19, 2016: Zootaxa
Mayron Escárraga, Roberto J Guerrero
The species of Linepithema Mayr in Colombia are reviewed from collection material. The genus Linepithema comprises 20 species, of which the following are reported in Colombia: L. angulatum (Emery), L. dispertitum (Forel), L. gallardoi (Brèthes), L. humile (Mayr), L. iniquum (Mayr), L. neotropicum Wild, L. piliferum (Mayr), L. tsachila Wild, and a new species, Linepithema hirsutum sp. nov. Linepithema dispertitum is a new record for Colombia and South America. A taxonomic key (English and Spanish) and distribution maps to the species of Linepithema in Colombia are provided...
December 19, 2016: Zootaxa
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