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European Journal of Sport Science

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29134857/the-association-between-physical-activity-and-chronic-diseases-in-european-adults
#1
Adilson Marques, Teresa Santos, João Martins, Margarida Gaspar de Matos, Miguel González Valeiro
Chronic diseases are the leading cause of morbidity and mortality and are considered to be at epidemic levels worldwide. This is a cross-sectional multi-country study based on data from the European Social Survey round 7, 2014, comprising 30,826 participants (14,813 men) with mean age 50.4 ± 18.0. Physical activity and chronic diseases were self-reported. Men and women who practiced physical activity more often had lower odds of having heart problems, breathing problems, type 2 diabetes, and obesity. Engaged in physical activity 2-4 times/week and ≥5 times/week decrease the odds of having heart problems, high blood pressure, breathing problems, type 2 diabetes, and obesity, compared with men and women who engaged in physical activity 1 or less times per week...
November 14, 2017: European Journal of Sport Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29129160/visual-but-not-motor-processes-predict-simple-visuomotor-reaction-time-of-badminton-players
#2
Thorben Hülsdünker, Heiko K Strüder, Andreas Mierau
The athlete's brain exhibits significant functional adaptations that facilitate visuomotor reaction performance. However, it is currently unclear if the same neurophysiological processes that differentiate athletes from non-athletes also determine performance within a homogeneous group of athletes. This information can provide valuable help for athletes and coaches aiming to optimize existing training regimes. Therefore, this study aimed to identify the neurophysiological correlates of visuomotor reaction performance in a group of skilled athletes...
November 12, 2017: European Journal of Sport Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29105593/manipulation-of-sensory-input-can-improve-stretching-outcomes
#3
Robyn A Capobianco, Awad M Almuklass, Roger M Enoka
The primary purpose of our study was to assess the influence of modulating sensory input with either transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation (TENS) or self-massage with therapy balls on the maximal range of motion (ROM) about the ankle joint when stretching the calf muscles. We also investigated the influence of these two conditions on the force capacity and force control of plantar flexor muscles. Twenty healthy adults (25 ± 3 yr) performed three sessions of ankle plantar flexor stretching (three stretches of 30 s each): stretching alone (SS), stretching with concurrent TENS (TENS), and stretching after self-massage using therapy balls (SM)...
November 4, 2017: European Journal of Sport Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29095666/muscular-fitness-southern-european-atlantic-diet-and-inflammation-in-adolescents-azorean-physical-activity-and-health-study-ii
#4
César Agostinis-Sobrinho, Caroline Brand, Carla Moreira, Luís Lopes, José Oliveira-Santos, Pedro Silva, Anelise Reis Gaya, Adroaldo Gaya, Jorge Mota, Rute Santos, Sandra Abreu
High muscular fitness (MF) and high adherence to the Southern European Atlantic Diet (the SEADiet) have been associated with several positive metabolic outcomes. The purpose of the present study was two-fold: (i) to explore the independent associations between MF and C-reactive protein (CRP) levels; and (ii) to investigate the combined impact of MF and SEADiet on the CRP levels in a sample of adolescents. A cross-sectional school-based study was conducted on 463 adolescents (272 girls) aged 15-18 years, from the Portuguese Azorean Archipelago...
November 2, 2017: European Journal of Sport Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29087785/caffeine-ingestion-enhances-wingate-performance-a-meta-analysis
#5
Jozo Grgic
The positive effects of caffeine ingestion on aerobic performance are well-established; however, recent findings are suggesting that caffeine ingestion might also enhance components of anaerobic performance. A commonly used test of anaerobic performance and power output is the 30-second Wingate test. Several studies explored the effects of caffeine ingestion on Wingate performance, with equivocal findings. To elucidate this topic, this paper aims to determine the effects of caffeine ingestion on Wingate performance using meta-analytic statistical techniques...
October 31, 2017: European Journal of Sport Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29081259/brain-activation-associated-with-eccentric-movement-a-narrative-review-of-the-literature
#6
Stéphane Perrey
The movement occurring when a muscle exerts tension while lengthening is known as eccentric muscle action. Literature contains limited evidence on how our brain controls eccentric movement. However, how the cortical regions in the motor network are activated during eccentric muscle actions may be critical for understanding the underlying control mechanism of eccentric movements encountered in daily tasks. This is a novel topic that has only recently begun to be investigated through advancements in neuroimaging methods (electroencephalography, EEG; functional magnetic resonance imaging, fMRI)...
October 29, 2017: European Journal of Sport Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29072537/sleep-training-load-and-performance-in-elite-female-gymnasts
#7
J Dumortier, A Mariman, J Boone, L Delesie, E Tobback, D Vogelaers, J G Bourgois
Training load (TL) and recovery should be in optimal balance to obtain maximal performance gains. We aimed to study sleep as a recovery technique and its relationship with TL and performance in elite athletes. Twenty-six elite female artistic gymnasts were divided into an under 13 (n = 6), an under 14 (n = 6), a junior (n = 7; 14-15y) and a senior (=World Championship (WC) competitors, n = 7; ≥16y) category. Sleep, through sleep logs, and training parameters, using the session Rate of Perceived Exertion (sRPE) scale, were monitored to calculate total sleep time (TST), sleep efficiency (SE), TL, monotony and strain...
October 26, 2017: European Journal of Sport Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29072114/a-customised-cold-water-immersion-protocol-favours-one-size-fits-all-protocols-in-improving-acute-performance-recovery
#8
Coen S Zandvoort, Jelmer R de Zwart, Brenda L van Keeken, Patrick J F Viroux, Ivo J H Tiemessen
The purpose of the present study was to investigate whether a customised cold-water immersion (CWIc) protocol was more effective in enhancing acute performance recovery than a one-size-fits-all CWI (CWIs) or active recovery (AR) protocol. On three separate testing days, 10 healthy, physically active, non-smoking males completed the same fatiguing protocol (60 squat jumps and a 2'30″ all-out cycling time-trial) followed by CWIc (12°C, 10-17 min), CWIs (15°C, 10 min) or AR (60 W, 10 min). Outcome measures to assess acute recovery were heart rate variability (HRV) as HRVrecovery, muscle power (MP) as absolute and relative decline, and muscle soreness (MS) at 0 and 24 h...
October 26, 2017: European Journal of Sport Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29045191/the-efficacy-of-resistance-training-in-hypoxia-to-enhance-strength-and-muscle-growth-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#9
Domingo J Ramos-Campo, Brendan R Scott, Pedro E Alcaraz, Jacobo A Rubio-Arias
Recent studies have reported that resistance training in hypoxia (RTH) may augment muscle size and strength development. However, consensus on the effects of RTH via systematic review and meta-analysis is not yet available. This work aimed to systematically review studies which have investigated using RTH versus normoxic resistance training (NRT) to improve muscular size and strength, and to perform a meta-analysis to determine the effect of RTH on these adaptive parameters. Searches were conducted in PubMed, Web of Science and the Cochrane Library from database inception until 17 June 2017 for original articles assessing the effects of RTH on muscle size and strength versus NRT...
October 18, 2017: European Journal of Sport Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29032729/impact-of-inserted-long-rest-periods-during-repeated-sprint-exercise-on-performance-adaptation
#10
Akiho Ikutomo, Nobukazu Kasai, Kazushige Goto
Repeated sprint training consists of a series of brief maximal sprints, 3-7 s in duration, separated by short rest periods of <60 s. However, little is known about the influence of different rest period lengths between sprints on performance adaptation. We determined the influence of inserting long rest periods during repeated sprint training on performance adaptation in competitive athletes. Twenty-one well-trained athletes were separated into either the short rest period group (SHORT; n = 10) or the long rest period group (LONG; n = 11)...
October 14, 2017: European Journal of Sport Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29023199/responses-of-low-and-high-compression-during-recovery-after-repeated-sprint-training-in-well-trained-handball-players
#11
Christoph Zinner, Maximilian Pelka, Alexander Ferrauti, Tim Meyer, Mark Pfeiffer, Billy Sperlich
The aim of the study was to investigate the effects of wearing various levels of compression following repeated and exhausting sprint exercise on variables related to recovery. Twelve well-trained handball players performed three sessions of repeated and exhausting sprint exercise (30 × 30m). Directly after each session the participants wore tights extending from below the hip to the foot with either 0, 10, or 25 mm Hg of compression onto the thigh and calf muscles. 48 h after the training session all participants performed 5 × 30m sprints and counter movement jumps...
October 12, 2017: European Journal of Sport Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28961074/gender-differences-associated-with-rearfoot-midfoot-and-forefoot-kinematics-during-running
#12
Tomoya Takabayashi, Mutsuaki Edama, Masatoshi Nakamura, Emi Nakamura, Takuma Inai, Masayoshi Kubo
Females, as compared with males, have a higher proportion of injuries in the foot region. However, the reason for this gender difference regarding foot injuries remains unclear. This study aimed to investigate gender differences associated with rearfoot, midfoot, and forefoot kinematics during running. Twelve healthy males and 12 females ran on a treadmill. The running speed was set to speed which changes from walking to running. Three-dimensional kinematics of rearfoot, midfoot, and forefoot were collected and compared between males and females...
September 29, 2017: European Journal of Sport Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28961069/symptoms-of-common-mental-disorders-and-related-stressors-in-danish-professional-football-and-handball
#13
Özgür Kilic, Haruhito Aoki, Rasmus Haagensen, Claus Jensen, Urban Johnson, Gino M M J Kerkhoffs, Vincent Gouttebarge
The aim of the study was twofold, namely (i) to determine the prevalence of symptoms of common mental disorders (CMDs) among current and retired professional football and handball players and (ii) to explore the relationship of psychosocial stressors with the outcome measures under study. A total of 1155 players were enrolled in an observational study based on a cross-sectional design. Questionnaires based on validated scales were set up and distributed among current and retired professional football and handball players by the Danish football and handball players' union...
September 29, 2017: European Journal of Sport Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28961061/sport-expertise-in-perception-action-coupling-revealed-in-a-visuomotor-tracking-task
#14
Maroua Mallek, Nicolas Benguigui, Matt Dicks, Regis Thouvarecq
We compared the visuomotor coordination of tennis players with different levels of expertise (Super-Experts, Experts and Non-Experts) in a visuomotor tracking (VMT) task. Participants were asked to track a moving target which could rebound on the sides of a 2D screen. Results indicated that the VMT task allowed the discrimination of expertise. Multiple regression analysis revealed that performance could be explained by the temporal adaptation of participants to rebounds and the number of movement adaptations...
September 29, 2017: European Journal of Sport Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28950801/do-the-physical-and-environment-pettlep-elements-predict-sport-imagery-ability
#15
Nurwina Anuar, Sarah E Williams, Jennifer Cumming
The present study aimed to examine whether physical and environment elements of PETTLEP imagery relate to the ability to image five types of sport imagery (i.e. skill, strategy, goal, affect and mastery). Two hundred and ninety participants (152 males, 148 females; Mage = 20.24 years, SD = 4.36) from various sports completed the Sport Imagery Ability Questionnaire (SIAQ), and a set of items designed specifically for the study to assess how frequently participants incorporate physical (e.g. 'I make small movements or gestures during the imagery') and environment (e...
September 26, 2017: European Journal of Sport Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28944722/is-strength-training-frequency-a-key-factor-to-develop-performance-adaptations-in-young-elite-soccer-players
#16
Carlos Otero-Esquina, Moisés de Hoyo Lora, Óliver Gonzalo-Skok, Sergio Domínguez-Cobo, Hugo Sánchez
The aim of this study was to analyse the effects of a combined strength-training programme (full-back squat, YoYo(TM) leg curl, plyometrics and sled towing exercises) on performance in elite young soccer players and to examine the effects when this training programme was performed one or two days per week. Thirty-six male soccer players (U-17 to U-19) were recruited and assigned to experimental groups (EXP1: 1 s w(-1); EXP2: 2 s w(-1)) or a control group (CON). Performance was assessed through a countermovement jump (CMJ) test (relative peak power [CMJPP] and CMJ height [CMJH]), a 20-m linear sprint test with split-times at 10-m, and a change of direction test (V-cut test) 1 week before starting the training programme and also 1 week after performing such training programme...
September 24, 2017: European Journal of Sport Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28934600/does-regional-disadvantage-affect-health-related-sport-and-physical-activity-level-a-multi-level-analysis-of-individual-behaviour
#17
Pamela Wicker, Paul Downward, Fernando Lera-López
This study examines the role of regional government quality in health-related participation in sport and physical activity among adults (18-64 years) in 28 European countries. The importance of the analysis rests in the relative autonomy that regional and local governments have over policy decisions connected with sport and physical activity. While existing studies have focussed on economic and infrastructural investment and expenditure, this research investigates the quality of regional governments across 208 regions within 28 European countries...
September 21, 2017: European Journal of Sport Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28911275/associations-between-retirement-reasons-chronic-pain-athletic-identity-and-depressive-symptoms-among-former-professional-footballers
#18
George Sanders, Clare Stevinson
BACKGROUND: Retirement from professional sport has been recognised as a major psychological stressor, and there is a need to identify factors that increase the risk of mental health problems after career termination. The current study examined associations between career-ending injury, chronic pain, athletic identity, and depressive symptomology in retired professional footballers. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was performed with 307 retired male footballers who had played within a professional United Kingdom league...
September 14, 2017: European Journal of Sport Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28910586/global-and-regional-cardiac-function-in-lifelong-endurance-athletes-with-and-without-myocardial-fibrosis
#19
Thijs M H Eijsvogels, David L Oxborough, Rory O'Hanlon, Sanjay Sharma, Sanjay Prasad, Greg Whyte, Keith P George, Mathew G Wilson
The aim of the present study was to compare cardiac structure as well as global and regional cardiac function in athletes with and without myocardial fibrosis (MF). Cardiac magnetic resonance imaging with late gadolinium enhancement was used to detect MF and global cardiac structure in nine lifelong veteran endurance athletes (58 ± 5 years, 43 ± 5 years of training). Transthoracic echocardiography using tissue-Doppler and myocardial strain imaging assessed global and regional (18 segments) longitudinal left ventricular function...
September 14, 2017: European Journal of Sport Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28859545/acute-cardiorespiratory-perceptual-and-enjoyment-responses-to%C3%A2-high-intensity-interval-exercise-in-adolescents
#20
Adam A Malik, Craig A Williams, Bert Bond, Kathryn L Weston, Alan R Barker
This study aimed to examine adolescents' acute cardiorespiratory and perceptual responses during high-intensity interval exercise (HIIE) and enjoyment responses following HIIE and work-matched continuous moderate intensity exercise (CMIE). Fifty-four 12- to 15-year olds (27 boys) completed 8 × 1-min cycling at 90% peak power with 75-s recovery (HIIE) and at 90% of the gas exchange threshold (CMIE). Absolute oxygen uptake ([Formula: see text]), percentage of maximal [Formula: see text] (%[Formula: see text]), heart rate (HR), percentage of maximal HR (%HRmax) and ratings of perceived exertion (RPE) were collected during HIIE...
August 31, 2017: European Journal of Sport Science
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