journal
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

European Journal of Sport Science

journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28628370/multiple-joint-exercises-using-elastic-resistance-bands-vs-conventional-resistance-training-equipment-a-cross-over-study
#1
Vegard M Iversen, Paul Jarle Mork, Ottar Vasseljen, Ronny Bergquist, Marius S Fimland
Previous studies indicate that elastic resistance bands (ERB) can be a viable option to conventional resistance-training equipment (CRE) during single-joint resistance exercises, but their efficacy has not been established for several commonly used multiple-joint resistance exercises. Thus, we compared muscular activation levels in four popular multiple-joint exercises performed with ERB (TheraBand(®)) vs. CRE (Olympic barbell or cable pulley machines). In a cross-over design, men and women (n = 29) performed squats, stiff-legged deadlifts, unilateral rows and lateral pulldown using both modalities...
June 19, 2017: European Journal of Sport Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28627289/snap-n-send-a-valid-and-reliable-method-for-assessing-the-energy-intake-of-elite-adolescent-athletes
#2
Nessan Costello, Kevin Deighton, Joshua Dyson, Jim Mckenna, Ben Jones
To ensure that elite adolescent athletes meet their unique training, growth and maturation demands, it is imperative to have access to valid measures of energy intake. Contemporary methods demand close attention-to-detail, meaning that athletes often do not fully adhere to real-time protocols. This study represents the first investigation of a real-time dietary assessment designed using a comprehensive behaviour change framework (COM-B). In a crossover design, 12 elite adolescent male rugby players recorded their energy intake via an estimated food diary (est-FD) and photography-based mobile assessment ('Snap-n-Send'), combined with a 24-h dietary recall interview...
June 17, 2017: European Journal of Sport Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28609253/relationship-of-tennis-play-to-executive-function-in-children-and-adolescents
#3
Toru Ishihara, Shigemi Sugasawa, Yusuke Matsuda, Masao Mizuno
This study evaluated the association between the frequency of tennis play and executive function in children and adolescents. One hundred and six junior tennis players (6-15 years old) participated in this study. Executive function, including inhibitory control, working memory, and cognitive flexibility were evaluated at rest. Females showed better inhibitory control and cognitive flexibility than males. In males, more frequent tennis play was associated with higher basic processing speed and inhibitory control after controlling for age, gender, body mass index (BMI), and tennis experience...
June 13, 2017: European Journal of Sport Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28609196/horizontal-ground-reaction-forces-to-stationary-running-performed-in-the-water-and-on-dry-land-at-different-physiological-intensities
#4
Cristine Lima Alberton, Stephanie Santana Pinto, Gabriela Neves Nunes, Douglas Guerreiro Dos Santos Rau, Paula Finatto, Amanda Haberland Antunes, Marcus Peikriszwili Tartaruga, Marco Bergamin, Eduardo Lusa Cadore, Luiz Fernando Martins Kruel
The aim of the present study was to compare the peak anterior-posterior (Fy) and medio-lateral (Fx) ground reaction forces (GRFs) of women performing stationary running at different intensities in aquatic and dry land environments. Fourteen young women performed the stationary running exercise at three cadences (first ventilatory threshold, second ventilatory threshold and maximum effort, as determined during exercise in water) in aquatic and dry land environments. Two-way repeated measures ANOVA was used to analyse the data (α = ...
June 13, 2017: European Journal of Sport Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28585467/do-players-and-staff-sleep-more-during-the-pre-or-competitive-season-of-elite-rugby-league
#5
Johnpaul Caia, Tannath J Scott, Shona L Halson, Vincent G Kelly
This study establishes the sleep behaviour of players and staff during the pre- and competitive seasons of elite rugby league. For seven days during both the pre- and competitive seasons, seven rugby league players and nine full-time staff from one professional Australian rugby league club had their sleep monitored via wrist actigraphy and self-report sleep diaries. Two-way repeated measures analysis of variance determined differences between the pre- and competitive season in players and staff, with effect sizes (ES) used to interpret the practical magnitude of differences...
June 6, 2017: European Journal of Sport Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28581367/carbohydrate-mouth-rinse-improves-morning-high-intensity-exercise-performance
#6
Neil D Clarke, Scott Hammond, Evangelos Kornilios, Peter D Mundy
Oral carbohydrate (CHO) rinsing has been demonstrated to provide beneficial effects on exercise performance of durations of up to one hour. The aim of the present study was to investigate the effects of CHO mouth rinsing on morning high-intensity exercise performance. Following institutional ethical approval and familiarisation, 12 healthy males (mean ± SD age: 23 ± 3 years, height: 175.5 ± 7.4 cm, body mass: 75.4 ± 7.5 kg) participated in this study. Countermovement jump (CMJ) height, isometric mid-thigh pull peak force, 10 m sprint time and bench press and back squat repetitions to failure were assessed following CHO and placebo (PLA) rinsing or a control condition (CON)...
June 5, 2017: European Journal of Sport Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28562182/effect-of-dual-attention-task-on-attack-and-defensive-actions-in-fencing
#7
Marcos Gutiérrez-Davila, F Javier Rojas, Carmen Gutiérrez-Cruz, Enrique Navarro
The objectives of this study were to investigate the effect that the presence of two stimuli that require two different responses (dual-attention) has both, on offensive reaction-response time to a light stimulus, and on defensive response time when the stimulus is a real fencing attack. Twenty-five elite fencers and a fencing master were included in the study. The equipment included four force plates adapted to a scaffold that served as a fencing piste. Two force plates were placed, at the start position, under the fencer's feet and another two plates were placed under the master's feet...
May 31, 2017: European Journal of Sport Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28557670/validity-and-reliability-of-the-moxy-oxygen-monitor-during-incremental-cycling-exercise
#8
E M Crum, W J O'Connor, L Van Loo, M Valckx, S R Stannard
INTRODUCTION: The Moxy is a novel, cutaneously placed muscle oxygen monitor which claims to measure local oxygen saturation (SmO2) and total haemoglobin (THb) using near-infrared spectroscopy. If shown to be reliable, its data storage and telemetric capability will be useful for assessing localised O2 usage during field-based exercise. This study investigated the reliability of the Moxy during cycling and assessed the correlations between its measurements, whole-body O2 consumption (VO2) and heart rate (HR)...
May 30, 2017: European Journal of Sport Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28537195/caffeine-ingestion-acutely-enhances-muscular-strength-and-power-but-not-muscular-endurance-in-resistance-trained-men
#9
Jozo Grgic, Pavle Mikulic
The goal of this randomized, double-blind, cross-over study was to assess the acute effects of caffeine ingestion on muscular strength and power, muscular endurance, rate of perceived exertion (RPE), and pain perception (PP) in resistance-trained men. Seventeen volunteers (mean ± SD: age = 26 ± 6 years, stature = 182 ± 9 cm, body mass = 84 ± 9 kg, resistance training experience = 7 ± 3 years) consumed placebo or 6 mg kg(-1) of anhydrous caffeine 1 h before testing...
May 24, 2017: European Journal of Sport Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28478704/the-interaction-of-psychological-and-physiological-homeostatic-drives-and-role-of-general-control-principles-in-the-regulation-of-physiological-systems-exercise-and-the-fatigue-process-the-integrative-governor-theory
#10
A St Clair Gibson, J Swart, R Tucker
Either central (brain) or peripheral (body physiological system) control mechanisms, or a combination of these, have been championed in the last few decades in the field of Exercise Sciences as how physiological activity and fatigue processes are regulated. In this review, we suggest that the concept of 'central' or 'peripheral' mechanisms are both artificial constructs that have 'straight-jacketed' research in the field, and rather that competition between psychological and physiological homeostatic drives is central to the regulation of both, and that governing principles, rather than distinct physical processes, underpin all physical system and exercise regulation...
May 6, 2017: European Journal of Sport Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28537784/the-dangerousness-of-mountain-recreation-a-quantitative-overview-of-fatal-and-non-fatal-accidents-in-france
#11
Bastien Soulé, Brice Lefèvre, Eric Boutroy
In France, there is a growing enthusiasm for outdoor sports and recreation. In the meantime, the risk of both severe and frequent injury associated with active pursuits in mountain areas is acknowledged. This paper tackles accidents related to mountain sports, with a focus on three critical activities: hiking, mountaineering and ski touring. The aim consists of estimating the actual number of accidents (whether they entailed deaths or injuries) in the three above-mentioned activities. In order to align the information collected, then provide estimations based on the reasoned crossing of these secondary data, we consulted and summarised all the databases available on the French territory...
August 2017: European Journal of Sport Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532299/role-of-objectively-measured-sedentary-behaviour-in-physical-performance-frailty-and-mortality-among-older-adults-a-short-systematic-review
#12
Asier Mañas, Borja Del Pozo-Cruz, Francisco José García-García, Amelia Guadalupe-Grau, Ignacio Ara
Sedentary behaviour (SB) has recently emerged as an independent risk factor for different health outcomes. Older adults accumulate long time in SB. Understanding the role that SB plays on health is crucial for a successful aging. This short systematic review summarizes the current evidence related to the effects of objectively measured SB on frailty, physical performance and mortality in adults ≥60 years old. The literature search produced 271 records for physical performance (n = 119), frailty (n = 31), and mortality (n = 121)...
August 2017: European Journal of Sport Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532279/the-effect-of-cold-ambient-temperatures-on-climbing-specific-finger-flexor-performance
#13
Kevin Phillips, Byungjoo Noh, Matthew Gage, Tejin Yoon
Different ambient temperatures are known to affect muscular performance based on the type of contraction. The effect of cold (10°C) and thermoneutral (TN) (24°C) ambient temperatures on finger flexor performance was examined in 12 rock climbers. After 30 min of seated rest in the designated temperature condition, participants completed maximal voluntary contractions (MVC) on a climbing-specific finger flexor assessment device equipped with a crimp grip hold. Participants then completed an intermittent fatiguing task until failure...
August 2017: European Journal of Sport Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28504054/exploring-the-challenges-in-obtaining-physical-activity-data-from-women-using-hip-worn-accelerometers
#14
Wendy J O'Brien, Sarah P Shultz, Ridvan T Firestone, Lily George, Bernhard H Breier, Rozanne Kruger
Quality objective physical activity data are required to inform physical activity-based health improvement initiatives, however, various challenges undermine acquisition of such data. We examined the efficacy and challenges of a hip-worn accelerometry protocol in women. Specific objectives included determining accelerometer-wear-compliance rates and understanding the barriers and acceptability of wearing accelerometers. Healthy New Zealand women (n = 406) of three ethnicities (Māori (indigenous New Zealander), Pacific, European) aged 16-45 years (30...
August 2017: European Journal of Sport Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28492342/social-cognitive-behavioural-and-neighbourhood-characteristics-associated-with-sedentary-time-in-men-and-women-living-in-deprived-neighbourhoods
#15
Paul Watts, Mahwish Hayee Shahid, Marcello Bertotti, Patrick Tobi
Multiple individual and neighbourhood characteristics are theorised to influence adult sedentary behaviour. The aim of this study was to examine associations between individual and neighbourhood-level characteristics in 40 deprived neighbourhoods in London, UK. A cross-sectional design was utilised with baseline data from the Well London Cluster Randomised Controlled Trial in 40 deprived neighbourhoods in London. Multilevel linear regression was used to examine associations between individual characteristics (measured by household survey), neighbourhood characteristics (neighbourhood audit, GIS and routinely available datasets) and sedentary behaviour (sitting time)...
August 2017: European Journal of Sport Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28488937/traditional-balance-and-slackline-training-are-associated-with-task-specific-adaptations-as-assessed-with-sensorimotor-tests
#16
Samuel Volery, Navrag Singh, Eling D de Bruin, Renate List, Marc Morten Jaeggi, Brigitte Mattli Baur, Silvio Lorenzetti
The purpose of this study was to measure alterations in sensorimotor skills and balance resulting from slackline training and conventional balance training. Forty-three physically fit subjects were randomized into three groups. Two groups practiced three times a week for 15 minutes, including at least once supervised session, on the slackline or perform conventional balance training for 6 weeks. The control group was not allowed to perform any balance training. Before and after the intervention, the subjects underwent sensorimotor and strength tests...
August 2017: European Journal of Sport Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28488928/do-subjective-assessments-of-running-patterns-reflect-objective-parameters
#17
Thibault Lussiana, Cyrille Gindre, Laurent Mourot, Kim Hébert-Losier
Running patterns are often categorized into subgroups according to common features before data analysis and interpretation. The Volodalen(®) method is a simple field-based tool used to classify runners into aerial or terrestrial using a 5-item subjective rating scale. We aimed to validate the Volodalen(®) method by quantifying the relationship between its subjective scores and 3D biomechanical measures. Fifty-four runners ran 30 s on a treadmill at 10, 12, 14, 16, and 18 km h(-1) while their kinematics were assessed subjectively using the Volodalen(®) method and objectively using 3D motion capture...
August 2017: European Journal of Sport Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28486086/the-effect-of-two-different-interval-training-programmes-on-physiological-and-performance-indices
#18
Mahmood Sindiani, Alon Eliakim, Daria Segev, Yoav Meckel
The aim of the present study was to compare the effect of an increasing-distance, interval-training programme and a decreasing-distance, interval-training programme, matched for total distance, on aerobic and anaerobic physiological indices. Forty physical education students were randomly assigned to either the increasing- or decreasing-distance, interval-training group (ITG and DTG), and completed two similar relevant sets of tests before and after six weeks of training. One training programme consisted of increasing-distance interval-training (100-200-300-400-500 m) and the other decreasing-distance interval training (500-400-300-200-100 m)...
August 2017: European Journal of Sport Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28463598/development-of-two-short-measures-for-recovery-and-stress-in-sport
#19
Anu Nässi, Alexander Ferrauti, Tim Meyer, Mark Pfeiffer, Michael Kellmann
The Acute Recovery and Stress Scale (ARSS) and the Short Recovery and Stress Scale were first established in German for the purposes of monitoring athletes' current recovery-stress states in an economical and multidimensional manner. The aim of this paper is to document the development and initial validation of the English versions of these two psychometric monitoring tools. A total of 267 English-speaking athletes from a variety of team and individual sports participated in the study. The English versions demonstrated satisfactory internal consistency for both instruments (Cronbach α of ...
August 2017: European Journal of Sport Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28448210/body-composition-and-inflammatory-markers-in-pubertal-girls-comparison-between-athletes-and-non-athletic-controls
#20
Jaak Jürimäe, Kristel Võsoberg, Anna-Liisa Tamm, Katre Maasalu, Liina Remmel, Vallo Tillmann
Various inflammation parameters are increased with childhood obesity, but few comparable data are found in lean growing athletes. This study aims to characterize differences in 12 simultaneously measured inflammatory parameters between pubertal rhythmic gymnasts (RG) and untrained controls (UC), and to examine the relationship between body composition and inflammatory markers. Sixty 10-12-year-old girls were divided into RG (n = 30) and UC (n = 30). Fat mass (FM) and fat free mass (FFM) were measured by dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry...
August 2017: European Journal of Sport Science
journal
journal
46515
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"