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Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences Quarterly

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27882044/the-importance-of-rehabilitation-concerning-upper-extremity-amputees-a-systematic-review
#1
REVIEW
Kardem Soyer, Banu Unver, Seval Tamer, Ozlem Ulger
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate and point out the importance of prosthetic rehabilitation of upper extremity. METHODS: A systematic literature search was performed to identify studies concerning prosthetic rehabilitation in upper extremity. The PRISMA Statement 2009 was used to establish the study and the methodological quality was assessed. RESULTS: The literature search identified 620 studies. Of these 620, 9 studies fulfilled the inclusion criteria and were included for data extraction...
September 2016: Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27882043/why-cannot-a-%C3%AE-lactamase-gene-be-detected-using-an-efficient-molecular-diagnostic-method
#2
Kwang Seung Park, Jung Hun Lee, Moonhee Park, Asad Mustafa Karim, Sang Hee Lee
OBJECTIVE: Fast detection of β-lactamase (bla) genes can minimize the spread of antibiotic resistance. Although several molecular diagnostic methods have been developed to detect limited bla gene types, these methods have significant limitations, such as their failure to detect almost all clinically available bla genes. We have evaluated a further refinement of our fast and accurate molecular method, developed to overcome these limitations, using clinical isolates. METHODS: We have recently developed the efficient large-scale bla detection method (large-scaleblaFinder) that can detect bla gene types including almost all clinically available 1,352 bla genes with perfect specificity and sensitivity...
September 2016: Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27882042/treatment-of-persistent-congenital-chylothorax-with-intrapleural-injection-of-sapylin-in-infants
#3
Qing-Wang Hua, Zhi-Yong Lin, Xing-Ti Hu, Qi-Feng Zhao
Test the therapeutic efficacy of Sapylin in resolving persistent Congenital Chylothorax (CC) in four infants who failed to respond to conservative medical therapy including Erythromycin and/or Octreotide management. All cases were cured and have no adverse reactions during follow-up. The result shows Sapylin is effective in reducing chylous production.
September 2016: Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27882041/resolution-of-pleura-peritoneal-fistula-via-transient-daytime-ambulatory-peritoneal-dialysis-regime-dapd-8-years-follow-up
#4
Thiam Seong Christopher Lim, Kah Mean Thong
Pleural effusion or hydrothorax is a relatively rare but well-recognized complication associated with peritoneal dialysis (PD). We describe the successful long term resolution of a patient who developed pleural effusions after starting continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis (CAPD), by altering the PD prescription to normal volume daytime ambulatory peritoneal dialysis (DAPD) transiently before resuming the usual CAPD exchanges four months later. After 8 years of follow up, there is no sign of recurrence of the effusion...
September 2016: Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27882040/a-new-model-of-master-of-philosophy-in-physiological-sciences
#5
H R Ahmad, F M Arain, N A Khan
The objectives of Master of Philosophy (MPhil) in Physiological Sciences are: 1) to describe the new ways in which anatomy, biochemistry and physiology on one hand, and microbiology, pathology and pharmacology on other hand meet their functional requirements through multidisciplinary integrated concepts; 2) to elucidate relationships between cell biology, molecular biology and molecular genetics by connecting dots of how cell functions are driven by molecules and being controlled by genes. This forms the basis of cell, molecular and genetics [CMG] module upon which 7 multidisciplinary modules of Physiological Sciences follow; 3) these 24 credit hours provide the physiological basis for PhD studies as well as faculty development to enhance learning abilities of medical student; 4) the modules constitute Cardio- Respiratory Physiological Sciences, GI and Renal Physiological Sciences, Neurosciences, Endo-Reproductive Physiological Sciences...
September 2016: Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27882039/pediatric-tooth-extractions-under-sedoanalgesia
#6
Ayse Hande Arpaci, Berrin Isik
OBJECTIVE: The present study aims to evaluate intravenous ketamine and inhalation sedation in children, their unwanted side-effects and surgeon satisfaction. METHODS: In this study, data of 922 children aged between 1-18 who underwent tooth extraction under sedoanalgesia in our department between September 2015-January 2016 were gathered and anesthesia approaches, unwanted side effects and surgical satisfaction was investigated. Postoperative recovery emergence agitation or delirium was evaluated with Watcha Behavior Scale (WBS)...
September 2016: Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27882038/alzheimer-and-vascular-dementia-in-the-elderly-patients
#7
Naresh Kumar Seetlani, Narindar Kumar, Khalid Imran, Asif Ali, Nadia Shams, Taha Sheikh
OBJECTIVES: To find out the frequency of Alzheimer's and Vascular dementia in the elderly patients. METHODS: This cross sectional descriptive study was conducted in Department of Medicine, Ziauddin Hospital Karachi from 1(st) October 2013 to 31(st) March 2014. Patients with symptoms of dementia for more than 6 months duration, and Mini Mental State Examination score <24 were included in this study. Patients who fell in category of dementia were assessed for duration of symptoms...
September 2016: Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27882037/uniportal-video-assisted-thoracoscopic-lobectomy-an-alternative-surgical-method-for-pulmonary-carcinoma
#8
Fengwu Lin, Chuan Zhang, Qiang Zhang, Kunpeng Cheng, Yan Zhao
OBJECTIVES: To explore the effects and feasibility of single-port video-assisted thoracic surgery (VATS) on lobectomy for pulmonary carcinoma. METHODS: A total of 67 patients were enrolled in this study, in which 21 patients were treated by single-port VATS (Sing-port Group) and 46 patients by double-port VATS (Double-port Group). Blood loss, duration of thoracic drainage, length of post-operative hospital stay and post-operative pain ratings were compared between the two groups...
September 2016: Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27882036/molecular-epidemiology-and-clinical-features-of-hepatitis-c-virus-hcv-in-epidemic-areas-of-interior-sindh-pakistan
#9
Shameem Bhatti, Sobia Manzoor
OBJECTIVE: Highly variable genome of HCV and high prevalence in many geographical areas made it necessary to conduct local population studies. This study has been conducted to show HCV parameters along with clinical features in the local population of interior Sindh, province of Pakistan. METHODS: Present study was conducted in from August 2010 to November 2015 in the rural areas of Sindh, Pakistan. All the 31560 screened samples selected for the study were tested by second Generation Enzyme Linked Immunosorbent Assay (ELISA Biokit 480&96)...
September 2016: Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27882035/problem-solving-loneliness-depression-levels-and-associated-factors-in-high-school-adolescents
#10
Ummugulsum Sahin, Filiz Adana
OBJECTIVES: To determine problem solving, loneliness, depression levels and associated factors in high school adolescents. METHODS: This cross-sectional study was conducted in a city west of Turkey (Bursa) in a public high school and the population was 774 and the sampling was 394 students. Students to be included in the study were selected using the multiple sampling method. A personal Information Form with 23 questions, Problem Solving Inventory (PSI), Loneliness Scale (UCLA), Beck Depression Inventory (BDI) were used as data collection tools in the study...
September 2016: Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27882034/therapeutic-effects-of-mifepristone-combined-with-gestrinone-on-patients-with-endometriosis
#11
Hui-Ling Xue, Ning Yu, Jing Wang, Wan-Jiao Hao, Ye Li, Mei-Yun Liu
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the clinical therapeutic effects of mifepristone combined with gestrinone on patients with endometriosis. METHODS: A total of 150 endometriotic patients treated in our hospital between January 2014 and December 2015 were randomly divided into a control group and a treatment group (n=75). The control group began to orally take gestrinone capsules on the second day after menstruation started (2.5 mg/time, twice/week). The treatment group orally took mifepristone tablets (12...
September 2016: Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27882033/comparison-of-parameters-of-bone-profile-and-homocysteine-in-physically-active-and-non-active-postmenopausal-females
#12
Sundus Tariq, Khalid Parvez Lone, Saba Tariq
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Optimal physical activity is important in attaining a peak bone mass. Physically active women have better bone mineral density and reduce fracture risk as compared to females living a sedentary life. The objective of this study was to compare parameters of bone profile and serum homocysteine levels in physically active and non-active postmenopausal females. METHODS: In this cross sectional study postmenopausal females between 50-70 years of age were recruited and divided into two groups: Physically inactive (n=133) performing light physical activity and Physically active (n=34) performing moderate physical activity...
September 2016: Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27882032/effect-of-socio-cultural-factors-on-spontaneous-abortion-in-burdur-turkey-a-population-based-case-control-study
#13
Binali Catak, Can Oner, Sevinc Sutlu, Selcuk Kilinc
OBJECTIVE: To determine the sociocultural factors that have effect on spontaneous abortion in Burdur, Turkey. METHODS: Study was designed as case-control study. The case group consist of 257 women whose pregnancies ended with spontaneous abortion. The control group consisted of 514 women whose pregnancy continued since 22 weeks and more during the study. Chi-square, and backward LR logistic regression were utilized in analyses. RESULTS: In multifactorial-analyses it was determined that four factors (educational status of women, employment status of women, exposure to physical violence and non-receipt of ANC) created independent risk on spontaneous abortions...
September 2016: Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27882031/diagnostic-value-and-disease-evaluation-significance-of-abdominal-ultrasound-inspection-for-neonatal-necrotizing-enterocolitis
#14
Li Wang, Yinghui Li, Jian Liu
OBJECTIVE: To summarize abdominal plain X-rays and ultrasound characteristics of 144 cases of Neonatal Necrotizing Enterocolitis (NEC) and to analyze diagnostic value and disease evaluation significance of abdominal ultrasound inspection for NEC. METHODS: Clinical data of 144 NEC patients were retrospectively analyzed from February 2014 to December 2015. The patients were divided into suspected NEC group (N=74) and confirmed NEC group (N=70) according to amended Bell-NEC classification and diagnostic criteria...
September 2016: Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27882030/association-between-25-hydroxy-vitamin-d-and-volumetric-breast-density-via-a-fully-automated-software-volpara%C3%A2-in-the-reproductive-age-group
#15
Bushra Wasim, Khalid Khan, Mohd Abdul Samad
OBJECTIVE: To determine the association between serum 25 hydroxyvitamin D levels and percent breast density among asymptomatic premenopausal women. METHODS: Hundred asymptomatic, pre-menopausal women who visited the General Surgery Breast Clinic, Patel Hospital, Karachi, Pakistan between 3rd March and 10th November, 2015 were included in this study. The serum 25 (OH)D and calcium levels were measured and mammographic density (MD) was assessed using automated volumetric breast density software, Volpara Research (algorithm version 1...
September 2016: Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27882029/effects-of-comprehensive-rehabilitation-training-in-combination-with-multi-mode-analgesia-on-body-function-recovery-after-tumor-type-knee-replacement
#16
Junjuan Zhang, Yahan Wang, Guangyu Yang, Jing Liu, Junjie Wang
OBJECTIVE: To discuss the significance of comprehensive rehabilitation training combined with multimodal analgesia (MMA) for the early knee function recovery of patients with knee bone tumor who underwent prosthesis replacement operation. METHODS: Sixty patients with knee bone tumor who underwent prosthesis replacement operation were selected and randomly divided into two groups according to rehabilitation training and postoperative analgesic methods, namely, observation group and control group, 30 cases in each group...
September 2016: Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27882028/patient-specific-depth-of-endotracheal-intubation-from-anthropometry-to-the-touch-and-read-method
#17
Saecheol Oh, Seunguk Bang, Woojin Kwon, Jungwoo Shim
OBJECTIVE: Knowledge of accurate airway length (AL) enables safer placement of the endotracheal tube (ETT) in the trachea. Our objective was to check the safety of a new formula (Touch and Read method) to determine ETT depth. METHODS: AL was measured in 176 patients. Patients were divided into a normal group (AL >25 cm in men, >23 cm in women) and a risk group (AL ≤25 cm in men, ≤23cm in women). A control test (Conventional method) was performed in which the ETT was secured at a depth of 23 cm from the central incisor in men and 21 cm in women...
September 2016: Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27882027/visual-outcome-of-laser-treatment-in-diabetic-macular-edema-study-from-an-urban-diabetes-care-center
#18
Rashid Alvi, Muhammad Saleh Memon, Samad Shera, Seema N Mumtaz, Sikander Ali Shaikh, Muhammad Faisal Fahim
OBJECTIVE: To determine the visual outcome of laser treatment in clinically significant macular edema. METHODS: This interventional and qausi experimental study was carried out at Diabetic Association of Pakistan (DAP) during January 2011 and December 2012. Approval was taken from Research Ethical Committee of Isra Postgraduate Institute of Ophthalmology. Records of 925 eyes of 464 patients with "Clinical Significant macular edema" (CSME), treated with laser photocoagulation were analyzed...
September 2016: Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27882026/reflection-of-medical-error-highlighted-on-media-in-turkey-a-retrospective-study
#19
Oguz Isik, Gamze Bayin, Ozgur Ugurluoglu
OBJECTIVE: This study was performed with the aim of identifying how news on medical errors have be transmitted, and how the types, reasons, and conclusions of medical errors have been reflected to by the media in Turkey. METHODS: A content analysis method was used in the study, and in this context, the data for the study was acquired by scanning five newspapers with the top editions on the national basis between the years 2012 and 2015 for the news about medical errors...
September 2016: Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27882025/no-inhalation-in-combination-with-high-frequency-ventilation-treatment-in-the-treatment-of-neonatal-severe-respiratory-failure
#20
Xiaohui Guo, Yanfeng Sun, Jing Miao, Min Cui, Jiangbo Wang, Shuzhen Han
OBJECTIVE: To discuss over NO inhalation (iNO) in combination with high frequency ventilation treatment in relieving clinical symptoms and respiratory state of patients with neonatal severe respiratory failure. METHODS: Ninety newborns with severe respiratory failure who received treatment in our hospital were selected for this study. They were divided into research group and control group according to visiting time. Patients in the control group were given conventional treatment in combination with high-frequency oscillatory ventilation, while patients in the research group were given iNO for treatment additionally besides the treatment the same as the control group...
September 2016: Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences Quarterly
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