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Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences Quarterly

Shaukat Ali Jawaid
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2018: Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences Quarterly
Iftikhar Ahmad Jan, Mishail Ziaullah, Laila Obaid Obaid, Mokhatar Ali Hassan, Mona Al Shehhi
Midgut volvulus can result in gangrene and loss of large segments of intestine. After correction of volvulus the viability of intestine may improve and if given sufficient time a large portion of intestine may be saved. A planned second look laparotomy in babies with volvulus and doubtful gut viability can be helpful in saving large bowel segment. We present a case of a newborn baby admitted with bilious vomiting, abdominal distension and melena. An urgent exploratory laparotomy showed midgut volvulus with near gangrene of about 35 cm of proximal jejunum and bluish discoloration of the rest of the small bowel...
March 2018: Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences Quarterly
Dogukan Yildirim, Merve Talmac
Labial adhesion is a rare condition in reproductive-aged women. There are only a few reported cases of labial adhesion in this period of woman's life. We herein, present a case of a 22-year-old G1P1 woman with a thick and fibrous labial adhesion. The labial adhesion was excised, and the labial mucosa was sutured under local anaesthesia. Her hormonal profile (FSH, LH and estrogen levels) was found to be normal. The patient was later diagnosed with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) by a rheumatologist. It is the first case report that shows a relationship between SLE and labial adhesion...
March 2018: Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences Quarterly
Naif A Bindayel
The orthodontic diagnosis and comprehensive management of a 12.5-year-old Saudi girl, diagnosed with Schwartz-Jampel Syndrome (SJS) is presented. SJS is a rare autosomal recessive disorder that affects musculoskeletal structures of the body with clinical manifestations in the maxillofacial region. While few reports in the literature have discussed the dental aspects of the syndrome, this paper attempts to describe the full course of a two-phase comprehensive orthodontic treatment, and discuss its findings.
March 2018: Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences Quarterly
Seema N Mumtaz, Muhammad Faisal Fahim, Muhammad Arslan, Sikander Ali Shaikh, Umer Kazi, Muhammad Saleh Memon
Objectives: Primary aim was to review the literature on the prevalence of diabetic retinopathy (DR) and Vision threatening diabetic retinopathy (VTDR) in Pakistan. Methods: A search of the bibliographic databases (Medline, Pub med, and Google scholar) was conducted from 1990 to March 2017. Articles about prevalence of DR and VTDR in Pakistan were retrieved and scrutinized. The studies satisfying the inclusion/exclusion criteria were considered for detail review...
March 2018: Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences Quarterly
Sara Sadiq, Syed Tousif Ahmed, Bina Fawad
Lung function tests are essential for the diagnosis and management of different respiratory tract diseases; among them the spirometry is the gold standard technique. The accurate diagnosis, management and monitoring require proper interpretation of the results which depends upon the availability of spirometry reference data for that particular region to differentiate the diseased condition from the normal ones. Multiple studies had been done to find out their own area specific reference ranges but it is still lacking...
March 2018: Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences Quarterly
Burcu Kayhan Tetik, Duygu Kayhan, Serap Sertkaya, Kamuran Bahar Sandikci
Objective: To evaluate the impact of digital game addiction on the eating habits of adolescents aged between 9 and 15. Methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted as a survey of 972 middle school students. All data was evaluated with SPSS 22 software, and p<0.05 was accepted as statistically significant. Results: The mean age of the students was 12.0±1.29. It was found that male students spent more time playing digital games than the females and the more they played, the higher the risk level of their Eating Habit Index became, and the difference for both groups was statistically significant (p<0...
March 2018: Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences Quarterly
Lubna Kamani, Hafeezullah Shaikh
Objective: Zinc is a vital trace element and its deficiency in cirrhosis might potentiate the development of hepatic encephalopathy. The objective of this study was to assess the zinc levels in serum of patients having viral cirrhosis and compare it with normal healthy controls. Methods: This study was conducted in Department of Gastroenterology, Liaquat National hospital and medical college, Karachi, Pakistan; from January 2014 to December 2014. Total of 45 patients with the mean age of 52...
March 2018: Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences Quarterly
Guven Bektemur, Nedim Muzoglu, Mehmet Ali Arici, Melike Kaya Karaaslan
Objective: To establish estimation method on budget management of medical device spare parts and to evaluate the cost of medical device spare parts in affiliated hospitals of Istanbul Public Hospital Unions (PHUs). Methods: While this evaluation was performed, the relationship between paid cost for spare parts according to technological development level of device groups and total inventory value was used. Spare part cost analysis was carried out by using the normalized weighted arithmetic average method...
March 2018: Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences Quarterly
Annosha Syed, Syed Shazad Ali, Muhammad Khan
Objectives: To assess the frequency of Depression, Anxiety and Stress (DAS) among the undergraduate physiotherapy students. Methods: A descriptive cross sectional study was conducted in various Physiotherapy Institutes in Sindh, Pakistan among undergraduate physiotherapy students. The total duration of this study was 4 months from September, 2016 to January, 2017. Data was collected from 267 students with no physical and mental illness; more than half were female students 75...
March 2018: Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences Quarterly
Elif Demirkilinc Biler, Orhan Ilim, Melis Palamar, Huseyin Onay, Onder Uretmen
Objective: To investigate TGFB1 and LAMA1 gene polymorphisms in children with high myopia in order to determine the genetic basis of large myopic shifts causing severe visual impairment and complications. Methods: Seventy-four children with high myopia (≥6 diopters [D]; study group) and 77 emmetropic children (±0.5D; control group) were included. Genetic and polymorphism analyses were performed in the Medical Genetics Laboratory using DNA purified from the patients' blood samples...
March 2018: Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences Quarterly
Aneeta Shahni, Madiha Saud, Saima Siddiqui, Samina Naz Mukry
Background and Objective: Aberrant phenotype is a phenomenon of abnormal expression or loss of expression of cell specific lineage marker not associated with specific cell type. Aberrant phenotype expression due to genetic defects may be associated with unfavorable outcome. It can be used to determine minimal residual disease status. The purpose of the study was to find out the occurrence of aberrant phenotypes in leukemia/lymphoma patients. Methods: One milliliter peripheral blood or bone marrow samples were analyzed on FACS Calibur flowcytometer...
March 2018: Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences Quarterly
Shireen Jawed, Komal Atta, Saba Tariq, Farah Amir
Objective: To find out frequency of obesity in female University students in Faisalabad and to investigate its association with blood groups of ABO system. Methods: A cross sectional study was conducted with a sample size of 200 female University students, recruited from the Faisalabad based institutes from May 2017 to July 2017. Relevant information was taken by administering questionnaire. Height in meters and weight in kg were taken by stadiometer. BMI was calculated using formula BMI=weight in kg/height m2 ...
March 2018: Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences Quarterly
Son Nazan, Kavak Buket
Objective: Nutritional problems are one of the most common disorders encountered in aging, and malnutrition, secondary to insufficient food consumption. Failure to diagnose malnutrition can increase the risk of illnesses and death. Our objective was to evaluate the nutritional status of elderly patients aged 65 years and older through a Mini Nutritional Assessment (MNA) scale and to determine its relationship with laboratory parameters. Methods: This is a single-center cross-sectional study which included 102 patients aged 65 years and older who presented to the Family Health Center (FHS) in the Cobanlar District in the Province of Afyon, Turkey...
March 2018: Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences Quarterly
Zhongbing Liu, Genling Tang, Shuguang Guo, Bin Cai, Qingsong Li
Objective: We aimed to evaluate the clinical effects of Taylor spatial frame (TSF) on tumors and tumor-like lesions complicated with pathological fractures of the lower extremities. Methods: Eighty-two patients admitted from September 2013 to January 2015 were selected. Forty-two cases were included in Group-A to receive TSF fixation and forty were included in Group-B to receive locking plate fixation. The surgical time, intraoperative blood loss, postoperative healing rate of primary incision, incidence rate of complications, hospitalization stay length, and fracture healing time as well as rate of excellent and good Enneking scores one year after surgery were compared...
March 2018: Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences Quarterly
Aftab Ahmed Mirza Baig, Syed Imran Ahmed, Syed Shahzad Ali, Asim Rahmani, Faizan Siddiqui
Background & Objective: Low back pain (LBP) is the foremost cause to hamper an individual's functional activities in Pakistan. Its impact on the quality of life and work routine makes it a major reason for therapeutic consultations. About 90% of the cases with LBP are non-specific. Various options are available for the treatment of LBP. Posterior-anterior vertebral mobilization, a manual therapy technique; and thermotherapy are used in clinical practice, however evidence to gauge their relative efficacy is yet to be synthesised...
March 2018: Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences Quarterly
Seda Aydan, Sidika Kaya
Objectives: To reveal the effect of perception of ethical climate by nurses and secretaries and their level of organizational trust on their whistleblowing intention. Methods: Nurses and secretaries working in a University Hospital in Ankara, Turkey, were enrolled in the study conducted in 2016. Responses were received from 369 nurses and secretaries working at Clinics and Polyclinics. Path analysis, investigation of structural equation models used while multi-regression analysis was also applied...
March 2018: Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences Quarterly
Mehmet Alp Dirik, Burcin Sanlidag
Objectives: Epilepsy is one of the most common chronic neurologic disorders in childhood and it affects 0.5-1% of children. The purpose of the study was to determine the prevalence and types of structural abnormalities in the epileptic children. Methods: The study was performed in Near East University and Dr. Suat Gunsel University in North Cyprus. It was conducted at pediatric neurology outpatient clinic of the hospital. The records of 1 to 18 years old epileptic children in whom Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) performed within 6 months after diagnosis were enrolled to the study between the dates of October 2011 and June 2017...
March 2018: Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences Quarterly
Sinan Karacabey, Erkman Sanri, Sercan Yalcinli, Haldun Akoglu
Objective: The aim of this study was head-to-head comparison of the efficacy and rate of adverse events of metoclopramide, ibuprofen and dexketoprofen for the acute treatment of migraine attack in the real-life conditions of a busy emergency department (ED). Methods: This was a prospective, observational, cross-sectional study. All patients who presented to the ED with a headache fulfilling the inclusion criteria were enrolled. All patients were treated by the attending emergency physicians in their daily routine...
March 2018: Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences Quarterly
Lal Rehman, Urooj Lal Rehman, Rukhshanda Jabeen, Raza Rizvi
Objectives: The purpose of the study was to access the efficacy and response of the endoscopic transsphenoidal surgery in pituitary adenomas. Methods: It was descriptive case study, conducted at Neurosurgery Department in collaboration with the Endocrine Unit (Medical Unit-II) Of Jinnah Post Graduate Medical Center Karachi from January 2015 to July 2017. Patients with sellar, supra sellar and para sellar tumors were enrolled in the study. Patients with prolactinoma and recurrent pituitary tumors were excluded...
March 2018: Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences Quarterly
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