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Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences Quarterly

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30344599/proceedings-of-nadep-diabetes-foot-conference-held-at-lahore-pakistan-august-10-12-2018
#1
Shaukat Ali Jawaid
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2018: Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30344598/use-of-guedel-airway-as-a-guide-to-insert-nasogastric-tube-under-general-anaesthesia-a-simple-and-logical-way
#2
Faraz Shafiq, Faruq Hameed, Khalid Siddiqui
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2018: Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30344597/global-standing-of-pak-universities-in-shanghai-ranking
#3
Sultan Ayoub Meo
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2018: Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30344596/effect-of-task-specific-circuit-training-on-gait-parameters-and-mobility-in-stroke-survivors
#4
Qurat-Ul-Ain, Arshad Nawaz Malik, Umama Haq, Sehrish Ali
Objective of the study was to investigate effects of task specific circuit gait training to improve gait parameters and mobility among sub-acute and chronic stroke patients. A randomized control trial was conducted on stroke survivors of either gender being capable of standing 10 seconds and having 2-4 score on Rankin Modified Scale. Sample comprised of 30 participants randomly assigned into two groups. Training was given for a session of 40-50 minutes for 3-4 days/week for six weeks. Timed get up and go test (TUG), Cadence, Step Length and Step Width assessed measures of concern...
September 2018: Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30344595/comorbid-schizophrenia-and-anorexia-nervosa-in-an-adolescent-male
#5
Nazish Imran, Fatima Rumesa, Farhat Jamil
Schizophrenia is serious illness with high comorbidity of other psychiatric illnesses such as substance abuse disorders, depression and anxiety disorder. The dual diagnosis of schizophrenia and anorexia nervosa in an adolescent male is a rare occurrence and is understudied. The case presented is of a 12-year-old boy with complaints of auditory hallucinations, odd behaviors, paranoid delusions and suicidal attempt along with body image distortion, dread of fatness, food restriction and very low Body mass Index...
September 2018: Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30344594/can-we-predict-severity-of-acute-cholecystitis-at-admission
#6
Sadettin Er, Sabri Ozden, Canbert Celik, Bulent Cavit Yuksel
Background and Objective: Acute cholecystitis (AC) is an inflammation of the gallbladder. Tokyo Guidelines (TGs) for the diagnosis of AC classified this condition according to severity as mild, moderate and severe. Therapeutic intervention regulated according to the type of severity. This study aimed to determine laboratory parameters that predict the severity of AC at hospital admission. Methods: One-hundred and ten patients with AC were retrospectively reviewed...
September 2018: Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30344593/changes-and-correlations-of-serum-interleukins-adhesion-molecules-and-soluble-e-selectin-in-children-with-allergic-rhinitis-and-asthma
#7
Jing Bi, Yaoqin Hu, Zhaoyang Peng, He Liu, Yong Fu
Objective: To observe the changes and correlations of serum interleukins (ILs), adhesion molecules and soluble E-selectin (sE-selectin) in children with allergic rhinitis, asthma and both diseases. Methods: A total of 45 children with allergic rhinitis, 40 with asthma and 45 with allergic rhinitis complicated with asthma treated from September 2016 to January 2018 were selected. Meanwhile, 30 healthy subjects who received physical examinations were included as a control group...
September 2018: Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30344592/role-of-topical-antibiotics-in-prophylaxis-against-endophthalmitis-following-intravitreal-antibiotics
#8
Asfandyar Asghar, Imran Ellhai, Naila Obaid, Ume Sughra
Objective: To compare the prophylactic use of antibiotic with placebo to prevent post intra-vitreal endophthalmitis and other complications. Methods: A prospective, cohort study was conducted at Ophthalmology Department, Fauji Foundation Hospital (FFH), from June 2016 to July 2017. A total of 1082 eyes of 673 patients were enrolled in this study. Patients were selected at non-random and divided into two groups. In Group-I, non - exposed, placebo eye drops were given after intravitreal bevacizumab injections and in Group-II, exposed, ofloxacin eye drops were given after intravitreal bevacizumab injections...
September 2018: Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30344591/expression-and-clinical-significance-of-serum-25-oh-d-in-pregnant-women-with-sch-subclinical-hypothyroidism-and-gdm-gestational-diabetes-mellitus
#9
Xue Zhou, Zhihong Li, Ben Li, Shuqin Guo, Mingyan Yao
Objective: To analyze the level and clinical significance of serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25-OH-D) levels in pregnant women with subclinical hypothyroidism (SCH) and gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM). Method: One hundred pregnant women of 24-28 weeks' pregnancy with SCH combined GDM were selected into the observation group, and 100 healthy pregnant women were selected into the control group during the corresponding period. Examined the thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH), free thyroxine (FT4), 25-OH-D, serum calcium (Ca2+), fasting plasma glucose (FPG), and glycosylated hemoglobin (HbAIc) levels and thyroid peroxide antibody (TPOAb), Thyroglobulin antibody (TgAb) status...
September 2018: Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30344590/self-perceived-oral-symptoms-and-periodontal-inflammatory-conditions-in-habitual-naswar-dippers
#10
Nawwaf Al-Hamoudi, Sameer Mokeem, Tariq Abdul Jabbar, FahimVohra, Zohaib Akram
Objectives: To compare self-perceived oral symptoms and clinical (plaque index [PI], bleeding on probing [BOP], clinical attachment loss [CAL]) and radiographic (marginal bone loss [MBL]) periodontal parameters among naswar (NW) and non- naswar dippers (NNW). Methods: One hundred and forty-two individuals (72 patients consuming naswar and 70 controls) were included. All participants completed a baseline questionnaire that included information regarding demographic characteristics and self-perceived oral symptoms...
September 2018: Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30344589/post-hysteroscopic-progesterone-hormone-therapy-in-the-treatment-of-endometrial-polyps
#11
Fangfang Li, Shuangyan Wei, Shuye Yang, Zhiqiang Liu, Fangfang Nan
Objective: To find out the clinical effects of post hysteroscopic progesterone hormone therapy in the treatment of endometrial polyps in terms of clinical outcome and the expression of endometrial Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor (VEGF). Methods: Ninety-eight patients who were confirmed as endometrial polyp in the hospital from April 2014 and December 2016 were selected and divided into treatment group and a control group using random number table, 49 in each group...
September 2018: Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30344588/can-perfusion-index-be-used-as-an-objective-tool-for-pain-assessment-in-labor-analgesia
#12
Ilke Kupeli, Nur Gozde Kulhan
Objective: To establish a relationship between the Visual Analog Scale for pain (VAS) in the recovery time of epidural analgesia and the Perfusion Index (PI) values at that time and to test the possibility of using PI as an objective tool for pain assessment. Methods: Thirty women were included in the study. After inserting epidural catheter, the initial applicationtime of epidural analgesia was taken as 0th minute. Hemodinamics, VAS, and PIvalues were recorded at 5th , 10th , 30th , 60th minutes and every two hours until the birth and the 30th minute after the birth...
September 2018: Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30344587/detection-of-myocardial-enzymes-cardiac-troponin-t-and-hepatic-and-renal-function-in-the-diagnosis-and-treatment-of-severe-pneumonia-in-children
#13
Fengxia Han, Jianhong Gao, Jinghua Gai
Objective: To analyze the significance of myocardial enzymes, cardiac troponin T (cTnT) and hepatic and renal function in the treatment of severe pneumonia in children. Methods: One hundred and twenty children with severe pneumonia who were admitted to the hospital between April 2015 and February 2017 were selected and included as a severe pneumonia group; 120 children with common pneumonia were included as a common pneumonia group; 100 healthy children were included as controls...
September 2018: Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30344586/regulation-of-dietary-habits-the-effect-of-losing-weight-on-quality-of-life
#14
Ibrahim Bashan, Mustafa Bakman, Yucel Uysal, Ertan Mert
Objective: This study aimed to investigate the effects of regulation of nutritional habits on quality of life by applying Short Form (SF-36) Quality of Life Scale. Methods: SF-36 was administered through face-to-face interviews to a total of 129 individuals (112 female, 17 male) aged 18-65 years. Anthropometric measurements, body mass index, and waist circumference measurement were undertaken simultaneously. The changes in weight, body mass index, waist circumference measurement, and SF-36 scores were compared at baseline and three months after modification of dietary habits...
September 2018: Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30344585/determinants-of-vitamin-d-deficiency-in-asymptomatic-healthy-young-medical-students
#15
Shabnam Nadeem, Tazeen Fatima Munim, Hareem Fatima Hussain, Deebaj Fatima Hussain
Objective: The study aimed to determine vitamin D status and frequency of its determinants related to diet, clothing, lifestyle and exposure to sunlight among young healthy medical students living in Karachi, Pakistan. Methods: This cross sectional study included responses gathered on questionnaire from medical students of Karachi Medical &Dental College from 4th of August 2017 till 30th April 2018. All the participants were healthy young adult's year of age who gave written informed consent to participate in the study...
September 2018: Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30344584/gum-chewing-and-bowel-function-after-caesarean-section-under-spinal-anesthesia
#16
Ozlem Akalpler, Hulya Okumus
Objective: To determine the effect of gum chewing on bowel function postoperatively in women after cesarean delivery under spinal anesthesia. Methods: This semi-experimental study was conducted at Near East University Hospital Obstetrics and Gynecology Clinic in Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus with 45 women in both the +experimental and control groups, between October 2016 and June 2017. The women in the experimental group chewed gum two hours after surgery until gut sounds were heard and nutrition was given orally...
September 2018: Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30344583/development-and-validation-of-assessment-of-psycho-education-of-carers-questionnaire-an-early-experience
#17
Imran Ijaz Haider, Farah Tiwana, Noor Zohra, Khaleeq Ur Rehaman
Background and Objective: Psycho-education is an intervention integrating psychotherapeutic and educational strategies. Whilst carer psycho-education is known to aid in psychiatric disorders, at present there is no known tool to assess the degree to which this is routinely provided by mental health professionals. Our objective was to develop and validate a tool, in English, which assesses psycho-education of carers of psychiatric patients in Pakistan. Methods: A questionnaire was generated in English...
September 2018: Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30344582/effect-of-bone-graft-granule-volume-on-postoperative-fusion-after-lumber-spinal-internal-fixation-a-retrospective-analysis-of-82-cases
#18
Jianxue Hao, Chongchao Yan, Suoli Liu, Pengfa Tu
Objective: To investigate the effect of bone graft volume on postoperative fusion and symptom improvement in lumbar posterior lumbar fusion and internal fixation. Methods: A total of 82 patients receiving pedicle screw rod system internal fixation with Cage bone graft fusion in the First Hospital of Baoding City, Hebei Province were selected and randomly divided into three groups. The excised autologous laminar bones were bitten into different sizes of bone fragments...
September 2018: Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30344581/bacterial-contamination-of-pakistani-currency-notes-from-hospital-and-community-sources
#19
Hasan Ejaz, Azra Javeed, Muhammad Zubair
Objective: We determined the bacterial contamination and antibiotic resistance profile of circulating Pakistani currency notes collected from hospital and community sources. Methods: This prospective study was organized from July to December 2015 in the Microbiology Department of The Children's Hospital and The Institute of Child Health Lahore. It was done on one hundred currency notes of four different denominations collected from various groups of people in sterile polythene bags...
September 2018: Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30344580/correlation-of-hematological-indices-and-ratios-derived-from-them-with-fiqr-scores-in-fibromyalgia
#20
Marwan Salih Mohammud Al-Nimer, Talar Ahmad Merza Mohammad
Objectives: To determine the hematological indices and ratios derived from them in patients with fibromyalgia and to correlate the scores of Fibromyalgia Impact Questionnaire Revised (FIQR) with the ratios. Methods: This case control study was performed in the College of Pharmacy at Hawler Medical University in Erbil-Iraq, from November 2016 to June 2017, and it included 40 healthy subjects (Group I) and 150 newly diagnosed FM (Group II). The American College of Rheumatology -10 (ACR-10) diagnostic criteria were used in the diagnosis of FM...
September 2018: Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences Quarterly
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