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Jolanta Grygielska, Filip Raciborski, Anna Kłak, Jakub Owoc
Nutrition habits and diet may influence disease development and course. There are no specific recommendations related to rheumatic diseases for a diet that would facilitate treatment. However, some research results suggest that various nutrients may affect the health of patients, especially in the case of inflammatory rheumatic disease such as rheumatoid arthritis (RA). Scientists have been trying to find a relation between inflammatory rheumatic diseases and diet but have never come up with any firm conclusions that would help in determining the model of a diet for such patients...
2018: Reumatologia
Monika Ostrowska, Włodzimierz Maśliński, Monika Prochorec-Sobieszek, Michał Nieciecki, Iwona Sudoł-Szopińska
Rheumatoid arthritis (RA), which is a chronic inflammatory disease with a multifactorial aetiology, leads to partial or permanent disability in the majority of patients. It is characterised by persistent synovitis and formation of pannus, i.e. invasive synovial tissue, which ultimately leads to destruction of the cartilage, subchondral bone, and soft tissues of the affected joint. Moreover, inflammatory infiltrates in the subchondral bone, which can lead to inflammatory cysts and later erosions, play an important role in the pathogenesis of RA...
2018: Reumatologia
Barbara Nieradko-Iwanicka
Angiotensin receptor blockers or sartans are used to treat arterial hypertension. Hyperuricemia and arterial hypertension often coexist in patients with metabolic syndrome. Also hyperuricemia is correlated with an increased risk of cardiovascular disease and death. There are data suggesting that lowering serum urate may assist in control of arterial hypertension and use of certain drugs for arterial hypertension may reduce the serum uric acid level. The Polish Society of Arterial Hypertension recommends losartan for treatment of arterial hypertension in patients with coexisting hyperuricemia...
2018: Reumatologia
Joanna Perzyńska-Mazan, Maria Maślińska, Robert Gasik
Primary Sjögren's syndrome (pSS) is an autoimmune connective tissue disease affecting the exocrine glands, leading to damage of their structure and impairment of their function. In the course of pSS the internal organs may be involved and the symptoms may concern any system. Neurological disorders are one of the most common extraglandular manifestations of pSS. Available literature data estimate the prevalence of neurological symptoms as about 8.5-70% of patients diagnosed with pSS. The most common neurological complication of pSS is peripheral neuropathy, and in particular sensory polyneuropathy...
2018: Reumatologia
Narumol Chaosuwannakit, Pattarapong Makarawate
Objectives: To assess the prevalence and patterns of cardiac abnormalities as detected by cardiac magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) in systemic sclerosis. Material and methods: Twenty-six consecutive patients with systemic sclerosis underwent cardiac MRI to determine morphological, functional, perfusion at rest, and delayed enhancement abnormalities. Results: At least one abnormality on cardiac MRI was observed in 19/26 (73%) patients. Increased myocardial signal intensity in T2 was observed in 10 patients (38...
2018: Reumatologia
Harpreet Singh, Saroj Bala, Deepak Jain, Ruchi Jagota, Rekha Mathur
Objectives: Disease-modifying anti-rheumatic drugs (DMARDs) are conventionally used in rheumatoid arthritis (RA). The role of spironolactone as add on therapy to DMARDs in RA patients was evaluated. Material and methods: A total of 100 patients with rheumatoid arthritis diagnosed as per 1987 criteria having evidence of active disease despite ongoing DMARD therapy were enrolled in this study. Patients were assigned randomly to two groups. Group I ( n = 50) patients were treated with 50 mg/day of spironolactone along with their maintenance DMARD and NSAID therapy...
2018: Reumatologia
Jarosław Amarowicz, Edward Czerwiński, Anna Kumorek, Maja Warzecha, Małgorzata Berwecka, Didier Hans
Objectives: The aim of our study was to determine a possible correlation between vertebral fractures (indicated by VFA - vertebral fracture assessment), TBS (trabecular bone score) and muscle strength (measured by means of handgrip strength test results) in a group of postmenopausal women. Material and methods: The study was conducted between 2014 and 2015 in a group of patients of Krakow Medical Centre (KMC). Women who participated in the study were referred to KMC by an attending physician for suspected vertebral fracture...
2018: Reumatologia
Barbara Stypińska, Marzena Olesińska, Andrzej Pawlik, Agnieszka Paradowska-Gorycka
Objectives: Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is the most common systemic inflammatory disease and is of unknown etiology. The altered balance between immunosuppressive and inflammatory T cell subpopulations exerts a huge impact on RA pathogenesis. The STAT3 protein regulates genes involved in the immune responses. It regulates maturation of T and B cells. Its abnormal activity is significantly associated with autoimmune diseases and cancer development. We aimed to evaluate the contribution of three potentially functional single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) within the STAT3 gene to susceptibility and severity of RA in the Polish population...
2018: Reumatologia
Saeedeh Shenavandeh, Keramat Allah Jahanshahi, Elham Aflaki, Alireza Tavassoli
Objectives: Idiopathic uveitis is the most common form of uveitis in most countries. Uveitis affects about 40-80% of patients with Behçet's disease (BD). Class I, HLA-B5, and its subclass B51 allele have the strongest association with BD, but its role in idiopathic uveitis is unclear. The aim of this study was to determine the frequency of HLA-B5, HLA-B51 and HLA-B27 in patients with idiopathic uveitis, BD and the control group. Material and methods: Forty-eight patients with idiopathic uveitis, 62 patients with BD, and 49 control subjects were compared...
2018: Reumatologia
Marek Krzystanek, Mariusz Borkowski, Krzysztof Krysta
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2018: Reumatologia
Maria Maślińska
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2018: Reumatologia
Zbigniew Żuber, Magdalena Nawrotek, Małgorzata Sobczyk, Elżbieta Mężyk, Dorota Turowska-Heydel
We present a case study of a 9.5-year-old girl affected by chromosome 12 aberration with the suspicion of juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA). All the tests performed at the hospital and the presence of a genetic disorder ledus to search for a diagnosisother than JIA. We initially diagnosed spondyloepiphyseal dysplasia tarda (SEDT), which is related to chromosome 12. Certain signs and symptoms of this disease were presented by our patient at the time of admission. After analysing all the tests and the general conditionof the patient, we were unable to confirm this diagnosis...
2018: Reumatologia
Patryk J Woytala, Agata Sebastian, Katarzyna Błach, Jurand Silicki, Piotr Wiland
Septic arthritis is an inflammation of a joint caused directly by various microorganisms. It is often characterized by many unspecific symptoms. Bacteria is the most often etiological factor. We present a case report of a 76-years old woman with a unilateral septic arthritis of the sacroiliac joint. Bacterial sacroiliitis should be taken into account in patients with sacroiliitis and fever onset. Proper diagnosis can be very often difficult and delayed but fast implementation of antibiotic therapy is extremely important in the treatment process...
2018: Reumatologia
Marzena Olesińska, Agata Saletra
Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) is multi-system autoimmune rheumatic disorder with very broad clinical picture. Due to its generalized nature it influences all aspects of patient's life: physical, psychological and social well-being. With the development in diagnosis and treatment of SLE, median survival increased significantly over the past years. This article focused on the elements of quality of life, which are especially important for SLE patients, like body image, fatigue, family relations, disease impact on professional and social life...
2018: Reumatologia
Jessica Gutierrez-Manjarrez, Marwin Gutierrez, Chiara Bertolazzi, Alfonso Afaro-Rodriguez, Carlos Pineda
Developing the skills to adequately assess nail lesions in psoriasis is mandatory for correct interpretation of the pathological features and to provide correct management of psoriatic patients. Although clinical assessment is part of an accurate diagnosis of nail psoriasis, recent advances in the field of imaging are generating growing interest among clinicians exploring its potential role for the assessment of nail psoriasis. We would like to address the attention to ultrasound (US), which is having an impact in different clinical scenarios such as diagnosis, prognosis, and treatment monitoring of nail involvement in psoriatic disease...
2018: Reumatologia
Izabela Szczygielska, Elżbieta Hernik, Beata Kołodziejczyk, Agnieszka Gazda, Maria Maślińska, Piotr Gietka
Rheumatic fever (RF) is an autoimmune disease associated with group A β-hemolytic streptococcal infection, in the course of which the patient develops carditis, arthritis, chorea, subcutaneous nodules and erythema marginatum. Rheumatic fever diagnosis is based on the Jones criteria, developed in 1944, then revised twice by the American Heart Association (AHA), in 1992 and recently in 2015. The last revision of the Jones criteria consists mainly in the supplementation of the major criteria with echocardiographic examination, the introduction of a concept of subclinical carditis and the isolation of low, medium and high risk populations among the patients...
2018: Reumatologia
Grażyna Puto, Iwona Repka, Patrycja Zurzycka, Urszula Kowalska
Introduction: Socio-demographic forecasts indicate a stable increase in the population of elderly people, which gives rise to the need to examine the relationship between the acceptance of chronic illness and socio-demographic variables not only in terms of subjective negative emotions but also because of possible social consequences. The acceptance of a chronic disease is determined by factors related to its character including its severity and the discomfort it brings about but also by factors connected with the patient that is socio-demographic determinants...
2018: Reumatologia
Viktor Semenov, Olexandr Kuryata, Tatiana Lysunets
Objectives: Systemic sclerosis (SSc) is a rare disease of connective tissue, manifestations of which may vary in different geographical areas. We aimed to describe the clinical portrait of patients with SSc in Dnipropetrovsk region and to investigate how initial clinical and laboratory characteristics are connected with the presence of hypertension in SSc onset. Material and methods: Patients were enrolled to this study from the registry of SSc patients, established in the Rheumatology Department, Mechnikov Dnipropetrovsk Regional Clinic, Dnipro...
2018: Reumatologia
Akpabio Akanimo Akpabio, Pam Stephen Dung-Gwom, Babatunde Hakeem Olaosebikan, Olufemi Oladipo Adelowo
Objectives: To highlight common precipitants and co-morbidities of gout in Nigerians; determine the frequency of chronic kidney disease (CKD) in Nigerian gout patients, as well as identify significant associations of CKD in gout patients. Material and methods: Retrospective cross-sectional study of gout cases seen at the Rheumatology Clinic of the Lagos State University Teaching Hospital over five years from January 2011 to December 2015. Gout was diagnosed using the 1977 American Rheumatism Association (ARA) criteria...
2018: Reumatologia
Weronika Kurowska, Ewa Kuca-Warnawin, Anna Radzikowska, Michał Jakubaszek, Maria Maślińska, Brygida Kwiatkowska, Włodzimierz Maśliński
Objectives: Enhanced/disturbed activities of monocytes are crucial for perpetuation and for development of rheumatoid arthritis (RA). Therefore, knowledge about monocyte activities and regulation of molecular pathways operating within monocytes early in the course of RA development may help to predict the progression to the full-blown disease. We aimed to investigate the profile of miRNAs expression in circulating monocytes and monocyte-related cytokines in sera of individuals at undifferentiated arthritis (UA) stage, wich could serve as new biomarkers for RA development...
2018: Reumatologia
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