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Linacre Quarterly

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28912621/faqs-from-the-2012-cma-annual-conference
#1
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2017: Linacre Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28912620/hormonal-contraception-and-the-development-of-autoimmunity-a-review-of-the-literature
#2
William V Williams
Estrogens and progestins are known to have profound effects on the immune system and may modulate the susceptibility to autoimmune diseases. A comprehensive literature search was carried out using PubMed for any of 153 autoimmune disease terms and the terms contraception, contraceptive, or their chemical components with limits of Humans + Title or Abstract. Over 1,800 titles were returned and scanned, 352 papers retrieved and reviewed in depth and an additional 70 papers retrieved from the bibliographies. Based on this review, substantial evidence exists linking the use of combined oral contraceptives to a lower incidence of hyperthyroidism, an increase in multiple sclerosis, ulcerative colitis, Crohn's disease, Systemic Lupus Erythematosus, and interstitial cystitis...
August 2017: Linacre Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28912619/what-moral-character-is-and-is-not
#3
Marie I George
Louise Mitchell discusses character in "Integrity and virtue: The forming of good character" (The Linacre Quarterly 82, no. 2: 149-169). I argue that she is mistaken in identifying character as a potency and that it is rather the sum of one's moral habits and dispositions. I establish this by showing that if one correctly applies the division Aristotle presents in the text that Mitchell relies on, it follows that character belongs in the category of habit. I further support this conclusion by considering how people commonly speak of moral character...
August 2017: Linacre Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28912618/moral-theological-analysis-of-direct-versus-indirect-abortion
#4
John M Haas
Cases of a vital conflict, where the lives of both the mother and child are at risk during pregnancy, have been the subject of recent vigorous debate. The basic principles put forth in the Ethical and Religious Directives are reviewed, as is the principle of double effect. An illustrative case of severe cardiomyopathy in a pregnant woman is described and it is noted that the principle of double effect would not apply. Counter arguments are noted, focusing on Martin Rhonheimer who posits that in the case of vital conflicts, such as performing a craniotomy on a baby stuck in the birth canal, taking the baby's life does not constitute a direct abortion because moral norms do not apply in the extreme conflict situation where both mother and child will die...
August 2017: Linacre Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28912617/pulmonary-hypertension-clinical-parameters-of-a-difficult-case-in-pregnancy
#5
Byron C Calhoun
Treatment of pulmonary hypertension in pregnancy with a prostacyclin analogue-iloprost and/or calcium channel antagonists appears to improve outcomes and survival. These medications could have been administered to the patient and the response monitored. If the patient did not respond to therapy, this patient may have had either a referral to or transfer to another high risk center with more experience in this type of pregnant patient. There is no literature to support termination of pregnancy improving maternal survival outcomes in these patients, even though termination is recommended by all obstetrical textbooks...
August 2017: Linacre Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28912616/decision-making-in-neonatal-end-of-life-scenarios-in-low-income-settings-1
#6
James McTavish
The challenge of decision making in end-of-life scenarios is exacerbated when the patient is a newborn and in a low-income setting. The principle of proportionate care is a helpful guide but needs to be applied. The complex interplay of benefit, burden, and cost of various treatments all need to be considered. In patients with severe neonatal encephalopathy, prognosis can be hard to determine, and a team approach to decision making can help. In low-income settings, or where there are limited resources, the ideal care needs to be incarnated in the real context...
August 2017: Linacre Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28912615/why-the-moratorium-on-human-animal-chimera-research-should-not-be-lifted
#7
Alan Moy
The National Institutes of Health (NIH) announced its plans to lift its moratorium on funding research that involves injecting human embryonic stem cells into animal embryos, which would allow for the creation of part-human and part-animal organisms known as chimeras. The NIH allowed only one month to receive public comments in the midst of a presidential election campaign. Lifting the moratorium means that, for the first time, the federal government will begin spending taxpayer dollars on the creation and manipulation of new organisms that would blur the line between humans and animals...
August 2017: Linacre Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28912614/spiritual-care-of-the-sick
#8
Fr Juan R VĂ©lez
In the Gospel we see how people bring the sick to Christ to be healed. As physicians, nurses, and chaplains we are God's instruments bringing physical and spiritual healing to the sick. It is important for those of us who care for the sick to ask them about their religious affiliation and spiritual needs, and then following their cues and in a respectful way to encourage them to pray and, in the case of Catholics, to receive the sacraments. We should also pray for our patients, and when we think they would like it, to pray with them...
August 2017: Linacre Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28912613/is-medicine-losing-its-way-a-firm-foundation-for-medicine-as-a-real-therapeia
#9
Willem Jacobus Cardinal Eijk
Is medicine losing its way? This question may seem to imply a serious warning, one needing a further explanation. What I mean to say by the title of this paper is that we can detect an undeniable shift in medicine in the last forty to fifty years. Medicine used to focus on what we call "health care" in a classical sense, that is, the treatment of people suffering from diseases, injuries or handicaps, or the alleviation of pain and other symptoms. In addition to this, in the last half century, it has begun to offer more and more treatments aiming to perfect the qualities of people who are otherwise healthy...
August 2017: Linacre Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28912612/homily-for-the-memorial-of-our-lady-of-lourdes
#10
Raymond Leo Cardinal Burke
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2017: Linacre Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28912611/our-lady-undoer-of-knots
#11
Marie-Alberte Boursiquot
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2017: Linacre Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28912610/a-guide-for-religious-for-end-of-life-decision-making
#12
James McTavish
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2017: Linacre Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28698708/pope-john-paul-ii-and-the-neurological-standard-for-the-determination-of-death-a-critical-analysis-of-his-address-to-the-transplantation-society
#13
Doyen Nguyen
The introduction of the "brain death" criterion constitutes a significant paradigm shift in the determination of death. The perception of the public at large is that the Catholic Church has formally endorsed this neurological standard. However, a critical reading of the only magisterial document on this subject, Pope John Paul II's 2000 address, shows that the pope's acceptance of the neurological criterion is conditional in that it entails a twofold requirement. It requires that certain medical presuppositions of the neurological standard are fulfilled, and that its philosophical premise coheres with the Church's teaching on the body-soul union...
May 2017: Linacre Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28698707/identifying-organisms
#14
Stephen Napier
Defenders of human, embryonic, destructive stem-cell research and early abortion typically argue for their position by showing that you and I do not come into existence at conception but rather at some point after. Eugene Mills has provided an ingenious argument that you and I could not have come into existence at conception. I argue against Mills's argument on two counts: first, his argument depends upon a cursory limning of human conception, and when fuller details are considered, a premise in his argument is undercut...
May 2017: Linacre Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28698706/personhood-status-of-the-human-zygote-embryo-fetus
#15
John Janez Miklavcic, Paul Flaman
The fields of biology, medicine, and embryology have described the developmental milestones of humans throughout gestation in great detail. It is less clear as to when humans are recognized as people, persons, or beings with rights that are protected by legislation. The practice of law is irrevocably intertwined with that of ethical conduct; and the time at which a human life is considered a person has implications that extend to health care, legislation on abortion, and autonomy of individuals. This article reviews the economical position that fertilization is the moment that personhood of the conceptus begins...
May 2017: Linacre Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28698705/effects-of-short-term-medical-mission-trips-to-chiapas-mexico-on-the-religiosity-of-the-missionaries
#16
Katherine A Meidl, Joseph M Meidl, Laura R Meidl, Erik J Meidl
This study evaluates the effects that short-term, foreign, Catholic medical mission trips had on the religiosity of the United States-based participants. The subjects of this study participated in Catholic medical missions to Chiapas State, Mexico, in 2014 and 2015. Twenty-two of forty-two participants responded to a survey to assess for any changes in their religiosity and associated attitudes and behaviors. The results revealed that participation in the medical mission was associated with a significant increase in non-organizational religious activity, intrinsic religiosity, concern for health disparities and the burden of illness in the developing world, the promotion of further missions, the provision of service and/or monetary aid to the poor in the missionary's local community, and an increased likelihood to discuss the Christian faith in conversations with others...
May 2017: Linacre Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28698704/baptism-in-the-icu
#17
E Wesley Ely
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2017: Linacre Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28698703/why-are-suicide-rates-climbing-after-years-of-decline
#18
Nancy Valko
There is evidence that the increasing rates of suicide can be linked to the legalization of physician-assisted suicide. Factors such as suicide contagion and the increasing positive media reporting on such suicides are also relevant and have led to different standards of treatment for suicidal people who claim the right to have their suicides medically assisted.
May 2017: Linacre Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28698702/six-questions-about-physician-assisted-death-from-a-conscientious-objector
#19
Ewan C Goligher
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2017: Linacre Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28698701/face-transplants
#20
Peter J Riga
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2017: Linacre Quarterly
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