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Bone & Joint Journal

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28385947/the-incidence-of-nerve-root-injury-by-high-speed-drill-can-be-reduced-by-chilled-saline-irrigation-in-a-rabbit-model
#1
K Tamai, A Suzuki, S Takahashi, J Akhgar, M S Rahmani, K Hayashi, S Ohyama, H Nakamura
AIMS: We aimed to evaluate the temperature around the nerve root during drilling of the lamina and to determine whether irrigation during drilling can reduce the chance of nerve root injury. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Lumbar nerve roots were exposed to frictional heat by high-speed drilling of the lamina in a live rabbit model, with saline (room temperature (RT) or chilled saline) or without saline (control) irrigation. We measured temperatures surrounding the nerve root and made histological evaluations...
April 2017: Bone & Joint Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28385946/the-management-of-open-tibial-fractures-in-children-a-retrospective-case-series-of-eight-years-experience-of-61-cases-at-a-paediatric-specialist-centre
#2
R S Nandra, F Wu, A Gaffey, C E Bache
AIMS: Following the introduction of national standards in 2009, most major paediatric trauma is now triaged to specialist units offering combined orthopaedic and plastic surgical expertise. We investigated the management of open tibia fractures at a paediatric trauma centre, primarily reporting the risk of infection and rate of union. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A retrospective review was performed on 61 children who between 2007 and 2015 presented with an open tibia fracture...
April 2017: Bone & Joint Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28385945/resection-of-the-ilium-in-patients-with-a-sarcoma-should-the-pelvic-ring-be-reconstructed
#3
M K Laitinen, M C Parry, J I Albergo, V S Umathi, L M Jeys, R J Grimer
AIMS: The aim of the study was to investigate the controversial issue of whether the pelvic ring should be reconstructed following resection of the sarcomas of the ilium. PATIENTS AND METHODS: From our database, we identified 64 patients who underwent excision of a tumour involving the ilium between 1976 and 2015. A total of 35 underwent complete resection, of whom 24 were reconstructed with a non-vascularised fibula graft, and four with extracorporeal irradiation and reimplantation...
April 2017: Bone & Joint Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28385944/the-stability-of-the-hip-after-the-use-of-a-proximal-femoral-endoprosthesis-for-oncological-indications-analysis-of-variables-relating-to-the-patient-and-the-surgical-technique
#4
E R Henderson, B J Keeney, E Pala, P T Funovics, W C Eward, J S Groundland, L K Ehrlichman, S S E Puchner, B E Brigman, J E Ready, H T Temple, P Ruggieri, R Windhager, G D Letson, F J Hornicek
AIMS: Instability of the hip is the most common mode of failure after reconstruction with a proximal femoral arthroplasty (PFA) using an endoprosthesis after excision of a tumour. Small studies report improved stability with capsular repair of the hip and other techniques, but these have not been investigated in a large series of patients. The aim of this study was to evaluate variables associated with the patient and the operation that affect post-operative stability. We hypothesised an association between capsular repair and stability...
April 2017: Bone & Joint Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28385943/is-there-still-a-role-for-osteoarticular-allograft-reconstruction-in-musculoskeletal-tumour-surgery-a-long-term-follow-up-study-of-38-patients-and-systematic-review-of-the-literature
#5
M P A Bus, M A J van de Sande, A H M Taminiau, P D S Dijkstra
AIMS: To assess complications and failure mechanisms of osteoarticular allograft reconstructions for primary bone tumours. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We retrospectively evaluated 38 patients (28 men, 74%) who were treated at our institution with osteoarticular allograft reconstruction between 1989 and 2010. Median age was 19 years (interquartile range 14 to 32). Median follow-up was 19.5 years (95% confidence interval (CI) 13.0 to 26.1) when 26 patients (68%) were alive...
April 2017: Bone & Joint Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28385942/epidermal-growth-factor-receptor-mutations-should-be-considered-as-a-prognostic-factor-for-survival-of-patients-with-pathological-fractures-or-painful-bone-metastases-from-non-small-cell-lung-cancer
#6
J J Willeumier, N M A van der Hoeven, L Bollen, L N A Willems, M Fiocco, Y M van der Linden, P D S Dijkstra
AIMS: This study aims to assess first, whether mutations in the epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) and Kirsten rat sarcoma (kRAS) genes are associated with overall survival (OS) in patients who present with symptomatic bone metastases from non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) and secondly, whether mutation status should be incorporated into prognostic models that are used when deciding on the appropriate palliative treatment for symptomatic bone metastases. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We studied 139 patients with NSCLC treated between 2007 and 2014 for symptomatic bone metastases and whose mutation status was known...
April 2017: Bone & Joint Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28385941/patients-undergoing-surgical-hip-dislocation-for-the-treatment-of-acetabular-fractures-show-favourable-long-term-outcome
#7
P C Haefeli, G S Marecek, M J B Keel, K A Siebenrock, M Tannast
AIMS: The aims of this study were to determine the cumulative ten-year survivorship of hips treated for acetabular fractures using surgical hip dislocation and to identify factors predictive of an unfavourable outcome. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We followed up 60 consecutive patients (61 hips; mean age 36.3 years, standard deviation (sd) 15) who underwent open reduction and internal fixation for a displaced fracture of the acetabulum (24 posterior wall, 18 transverse and posterior wall, ten transverse, and nine others) with a mean follow-up of 12...
April 2017: Bone & Joint Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28385940/the-evolution-of-fracture-clinic-design-the-activity-and-safety-of-the-edinburgh-trauma-triage-clinic-with-one-year-follow-up
#8
T O White, S P Mackenzie, T H Carter, J G Jefferies, O R Prescott, A D Duckworth, J F Keating
AIMS: Fracture clinics are often characterised by the referral of large numbers of unselected patients with minor injuries not requiring investigation or intervention, long waiting times and recurrent unnecessary reviews. Our experience had been of an unsustainable system and we implemented a 'Trauma Triage Clinic' (TTC) in order to rationalise and regulate access to our fracture service. The British Orthopaedic Association's guidelines have required a prospective evaluation of this change of practice, and we report our experience and results...
April 2017: Bone & Joint Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28385939/low-intensity-pulsed-ultrasound-does-not-influence-bone-healing-by-distraction-osteogenesis-a-multicentre-double-blind-randomised-control-trial
#9
A H R W Simpson, G Keenan, S Nayagam, R M Atkins, D Marsh, N D Clement
AIMS: The aim of this double-blind prospective randomised controlled trial was to assess whether low intensity pulsed ultrasound (LIPUS) accelerated or enhanced the rate of bone healing in adult patients undergoing distraction osteogenesis. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A total of 62 adult patients undergoing limb lengthening or bone transport by distraction osteogenesis were randomised to treatment with either an active (n = 32) or a placebo (n = 30) ultrasound device...
April 2017: Bone & Joint Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28385938/the-recognition-and-incidence-of-peroneal-tendon-dislocation-associated-with-a-fracture-of-the-talus
#10
A Sadamasu, S Yamaguchi, R Nakagawa, S Kimura, J Endo, R Akagi, T Sasho
AIMS: The purposes of this study were to clarify first, the incidence of peroneal tendon dislocation in patients with a fracture of the talus and second the factors associated with peroneal tendon dislocation. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We retrospectively examined 30 patients (30 ankles) with a mean age of 37.5 years, who had undergone internal fixation for a fracture of the talus. Independent examiners assessed for peroneal tendon dislocation using the pre-operative CT images...
April 2017: Bone & Joint Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28385937/multimodal-infiltration-of-local-anaesthetic-in-total-knee-arthroplasty-is-posterior-capsular-infiltration-worth-the-risk-a-prospective-double-blind-randomised-controlled-trial
#11
P Pinsornsak, S Nangnual, K Boontanapibul
AIMS: Multimodal infiltration of local anaesthetic provides effective control of pain in patients undergoing total knee arthroplasty (TKA). There is little information about the added benefits of posterior capsular infiltration (PCI) using different combinations of local anaesthetic agents. Our aim was to investigate the effectiveness of the control of pain using multimodal infiltration with and without infiltration of the posterior capsule of the knee. PATIENTS AND METHODS: In a double-blind, randomised controlled trial of patients scheduled for unilateral primary TKA, 86 were assigned to be treated with multimodal infiltration with (Group I) or without (Group II) PCI...
April 2017: Bone & Joint Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28385936/unsatisfactory-outcomes-following-unicompartmental-knee-arthroplasty-in-patients-with-partial-thickness-cartilage-loss-a-medium-term-follow-up
#12
T W Hamilton, H G Pandit, A Inabathula, S J Ostlere, C Jenkins, S J Mellon, C A F Dodd, D W Murray
AIMS: While medial unicompartmental knee arthroplasty (UKA) is indicated for patients with full-thickness cartilage loss, it is occasionally used to treat those with partial-thickness loss. The aim of this study was to investigate the five-year outcomes in a consecutive series of UKAs used in patients with partial thickness cartilage loss in the medial compartment of the knee. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Between 2002 and 2014, 94 consecutive UKAs were undertaken in 90 patients with partial thickness cartilage loss and followed up independently for a mean of six years (1 to 13)...
April 2017: Bone & Joint Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28385935/proximal-translation-of-1-mm-within-the-first-two-years-of-revision-total-hip-arthroplasty-correctly-predicts-whether-or-not-an-acetabular-component-is-loose-in-80-of-cases-a-case-control-study-with-confirmed-intra-operative-outcomes
#13
Y S Kim, J M Abrahams, S A Callary, C De Ieso, K Costi, D W Howie, L B Solomon
AIMS: The purpose of this study was to determine the sensitivity, specificity and predictive values of previously reported thresholds of proximal translation and sagittal rotation of cementless acetabular components used for revision total hip arthroplasty (THA) at various times during early follow-up. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Migration of cementless acetabular components was measured retrospectively in 84 patients (94 components) using Ein-Bild-Rontgen-Analyse (EBRA-Cup) in two groups of patients...
April 2017: Bone & Joint Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28385934/the-diagnostic-performance-of-radiographic-criteria-to-detect-aseptic-acetabular-component-loosening-after-revision-total-hip-arthroplasty
#14
J M Abrahams, Y S Kim, S A Callary, C De Ieso, K Costi, D W Howie, L B Solomon
AIMS: This study aimed to determine the diagnostic performance of radiographic criteria to detect aseptic acetabular loosening after revision total hip arthroplasty (THA). Secondary aims were to determine the predictive values of different thresholds of migration and to determine the predictive values of radiolucency criteria. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Acetabular component migration to re-revision was measured retrospectively using Ein-Bild-Rontgen-Analyse (EBRA-Cup) and manual measurements (Sutherland method) in two groups: Group A, 52 components (48 patients) found not loose at re-revision and Group B, 42 components (36 patients) found loose at re-revision between 1980 and 2015...
April 2017: Bone & Joint Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28385933/risk-factors-for-post-operative-periprosthetic-fractures-following-primary-total-hip-arthroplasty-with-a-proximally-coated-double-tapered-cementless-femoral-component
#15
K Gromov, A Bersang, C S Nielsen, T Kallemose, H Husted, A Troelsen
AIMS: The aim of this study was to identify patient- and surgery-related risk factors for sustaining an early periprosthetic fracture following primary total hip arthroplasty (THA) performed using a double-tapered cementless femoral component (Bi-Metric femoral stem; Biomet Inc., Warsaw, Indiana). PATIENTS AND METHODS: A total of 1598 consecutive hips, in 1441 patients receiving primary THA between January 2010 and June 2015, were retrospectively identified. Level of pre-operative osteoarthritis, femoral Dorr type and cortical index were recorded...
April 2017: Bone & Joint Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28385932/can-we-predict-which-dysplastic-hips-will-require-acetabular-augmentation-during-total-hip-arthroplasty-based-on-pre-operative-radiographs
#16
A G Marsh, A Nisar, M El Refai, S Patil, R M D Meek
AIMS: The purpose of this study was to evaluate whether an innovative templating technique could predict the need for acetabular augmentation during primary total hip arthroplasty for patients with dysplastic hips. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We developed a simple templating technique to estimate acetabular component coverage at total hip arthroplasty, the True Cup: False Cup (TC:FC) ratio. We reviewed all patients with dysplastic hips who underwent primary total hip arthroplasty between 2005 and 2012...
April 2017: Bone & Joint Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28385931/total-hip-arthroplasty-using-a-monobloc-cementless-femoral-stem-for-patients-with-childhood-perthes-disease
#17
K H Lee, W-L Jo, Y C Ha, Y K Lee, S B Goodman, K H Koo
AIMS: Modular or custom-made femoral components have been preferred for total hip arthroplasty (THA) in patients with a history of Perthes' disease because of the distortion in the anatomy of the proximal femur. However, it has not been established whether a monobloc cementless stem will fit the distorted proximal femur or whether the results of the procedure are satisfactory in this group of patients. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We reviewed 68 consecutive patients who had undergone THA for childhood Perthes' disease between June 2003 and December 2008...
April 2017: Bone & Joint Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28385930/decreased-and-increased-relative-acetabular-volume-predict-the-development-of-osteoarthritis-of-the-hip-an-osteological-review-of-1090-hips
#18
D S Weinberg, D F K Williamson, M B Millis, R W Liu
AIMS: Recently, there has been considerable interest in quantifying the associations between bony abnormalities around and in the hip joint and osteoarthritis (OA). Our aim was to investigate the relationships between acetabular undercoverage, acetabular overcoverage, and femoroacetabular impingement (FAI) with OA of the hip, which currently remain controversial. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 545 cadaveric skeletons (1090 hips) from the Hamann-Todd osteological collection were obtained...
April 2017: Bone & Joint Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28385929/cemented-versus-cementless-hemiarthroplasty-for-a-displaced-fracture-of-the-femoral-neck-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-current-generation-hip-stems
#19
REVIEW
H D Veldman, I C Heyligers, B Grimm, T A E J Boymans
AIMS: Our aim was to prepare a systematic review and meta-analysis to compare the outcomes of cemented and cementless hemiarthroplasty of the hip, in elderly patients with a fracture of the femoral neck, to investigate the mortality, complications, length of stay in hospital, blood loss, operating time and functional results. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A systematic review and meta-analysis was conducted following the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses guidelines on randomised controlled trials (RCTs), studying current generation designs of stem only...
April 2017: Bone & Joint Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28385928/efficacy-versus-effectiveness-in-clinical-trials
#20
EDITORIAL
M L Costa, X L Griffin, N Parsons, M Dritsaki, D Perry
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2017: Bone & Joint Journal
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