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Bone & Joint Journal

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30418070/patellar-fractures-are-associated-with-an-increased-risk-of-total-knee-arthroplasty
#1
P Larsen, M S Rathleff, S E Østgaard, M B Johansen, R Elsøe
AIMS: The aim of this study was to investigate the incidence of knee arthroplasty and arthroscopy following patellar fractures, and to compare this with an age- and gender-matched group without a prior patellar fracture. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A national matched cohort study based on the Danish National Patient Register including all citizens of Denmark (approximately 5.3 million) was undertaken. A total of 6096 patients who sustained a patellar fracture in Denmark between 1 January 1996 and 31 December 2000 were included...
November 2018: Bone & Joint Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30418069/risk-analysis-of-patients-with-an-osteolytic-acetabular-defect-after-total-hip-arthroplasty-using-subject-specific-finite-element-modelling
#2
J T Munro, J S Millar, J W Fernandez, C G Walker, D W Howie, V B Shim
AIMS: Osteolysis, secondary to local and systemic physiological effects, is a major challenge in total hip arthroplasty (THA). While osteolytic defects are commonly observed in long-term follow-up, how such lesions alter the distribution of stress is unclear. The aim of this study was to quantitatively describe the biomechanical implication of such lesions by performing subject-specific finite-element (FE) analysis on patients with osteolysis after THA. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A total of 22 hemipelvis FE models were constructed in order to assess the transfer of load in 11 patients with osteolysis around the acetabular component of a THA during slow walking and a fall onto the side...
November 2018: Bone & Joint Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30418068/excellent-results-of-large-diameter-ceramic-on-ceramic-bearings-in-total-hip-arthroplasty
#3
W G Blakeney, Y Beaulieu, B Puliero, M Lavigne, A Roy, V Massé, P-A Vendittoli
AIMS: This study reports the mid-term results of total hip arthroplasty (THA) performed using a monoblock acetabular component with a large-diameter head (LDH) ceramic-on-ceramic (CoC) bearing. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Of the 276 hips (246 patients) included in this study, 264 (96%) were reviewed at a mean of 67 months (48 to 79) postoperatively. Procedures were performed with a mini posterior approach. Clinical and radiological outcomes were recorded at regular intervals...
November 2018: Bone & Joint Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30418067/irrigation-and-debridement-with-chronic-antibiotic-suppression-for-the-management-of-infected-total-knee-arthroplasty
#4
J T Weston, C D Watts, T M Mabry, A D Hanssen, D J Berry, M P Abdel
AIMS: The results of irrigation and debridement with component retention (IDCR) in the treatment of acutely infected total knee arthroplasties (TKAs) have been variable. The aim of this study was to assess the outcome after IDCR when combined with chronic antibiotic suppression. We also evaluated survivorship free from subsequent infection, removal of the components, and death, as well as the risk factors for failure. PATIENTS AND METHODS: This was a single-centre retrospective review of 134 infected primary TKAs that were treated with IDCR...
November 2018: Bone & Joint Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30418066/cup-cage-reconstruction-for-severe-acetabular-bone-loss-and-pelvic-discontinuity
#5
C Hipfl, V Janz, J Löchel, C Perka, G I Wassilew
AIMS: Severe acetabular bone loss and pelvic discontinuity (PD) present particular challenges in revision total hip arthroplasty. To deal with such complex situations, cup-cage reconstruction has emerged as an option for treating this situation. We aimed to examine our success in using this technique for these anatomical problems. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We undertook a retrospective, single-centre series of 35 hips in 34 patients (seven male, 27 female) treated with a cup-cage construct using a trabecular metal shell in conjunction with a titanium cage, for severe acetabular bone loss between 2011 and 2015...
November 2018: Bone & Joint Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30418065/radial-head-resection-versus-prosthetic-arthroplasty-in-terrible-triad-injury-a-retrospective-comparative-cohort-study
#6
F Najd Mazhar, H Ebrahimi, D Jafari, A Mirzaei
AIMS: The crucial role of the radial head in the stability of the elbow in terrible triad injury is acknowledged. This retrospective study aims to compare the results of resection of a severely comminuted radial head with or without prosthetic arthroplasty as part of the reconstruction for this injury. PATIENTS AND METHODS: The outcome of radial head resection was compared with prosthetic arthroplasty in 29 and 15 patients with terrible triad injuries, respectively...
November 2018: Bone & Joint Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30418064/orthopaedic-infection
#7
F S Haddad, S Oussedik, R M D Meek, S Konan, I Stockley, V Gant
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2018: Bone & Joint Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30418063/investigation-of-factors-related-to-the-occurrence-of-osteochondral-lesions-of-the-talus-by-3d-bone-morphology-of-the-ankle
#8
A Teramoto, H Shoji, H Kura, Y Sakakibara, T Kamiya, K Watanabe, T Yamashita
AIMS: The aims of this study were to evaluate the morphology of the ankle in patients with an osteochondral lesion of the talus using 3D CT, and to investigate factors that predispose to this condition. PATIENTS AND METHODS: The study involved 19 patients (19 ankles) who underwent surgery for a medial osteochondral lesion (OLT group) and a control group of 19 healthy patients (19 ankles) without ankle pathology. The mean age was significantly lower in the OLT group than in the control group (27...
November 2018: Bone & Joint Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30418062/the-impact-of-older-age-on-patient-outcomes-following-primary-total-knee-arthroplasty
#9
B P d'S Murphy, M M Dowsey, T Spelman, P F M Choong
AIMS: As the population ages, there is projected to be an increase in the level of demand for total knee arthroplasty (TKA) in octogenarians. We aimed to explore whether those aged ≥ 80 years achieved similar improvements in physical function to younger patients while also comparing the rates of length of stay (LOS), discharge to rehabilitation, postoperative complications, and mortality following TKA in older and younger patients. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Patients from one institution who underwent primary elective TKA between 1 January 2006 and 31 December 2014 were dichotomized into those ≥ 80 years old (n = 359) and those < 80 years old (n = 2479) for comparison...
November 2018: Bone & Joint Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30418061/the-serum-level-of-c-reactive-protein-alone-cannot-be-used-for-the-diagnosis-of-prosthetic-joint-infections-especially-in-those-caused-by-organisms-of-low-virulence
#10
D Akgün, M Müller, C Perka, T Winkler
AIMS: The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence and characteristics of C-reactive protein (CRP)-negative prosthetic joint infection (PJI) and evaluate the influence of the type of infecting organism on the CRP level. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A retrospective analysis of all PJIs affecting the hip or knee that were diagnosed in our institution between March 2013 and December 2016 was performed. A total of 215 patients were included. Their mean age was 71 years (sd 11) and there were 118 women (55%)...
November 2018: Bone & Joint Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30418060/long-term-results-of-acetabular-reconstruction-using-irradiated-allograft-bone
#11
C M Green, S C Buckley, A J Hamer, R M Kerry, T P Harrison
AIMS: The management of acetabular defects at the time of revision hip arthroplasty surgery is a challenge. This study presents the results of a long-term follow-up study of the use of irradiated allograft bone in acetabular reconstruction. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Between 1990 and 2000, 123 hips in 110 patients underwent acetabular reconstruction for aseptic loosening, using impaction bone grafting with frozen, irradiated, and morsellized femoral heads and a cemented acetabular component...
November 2018: Bone & Joint Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30418059/management-and-outcome-of-acral-soft-tissue-sarcomas
#12
B J F Dean, H Branford-White, H Giele, P Critchley, L Cogswell, N Athanasou, C L M Gibbons
AIMS: The aim of this study was to evaluate the surgical management and outcome of patients with an acral soft-tissue sarcoma of the hand or foot. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We identified 63 patients with an acral soft-tissue sarcoma who presented to our tertiary referral sarcoma service between 2000 and 2016. There were 35 men and 28 women with a mean age of 49 years (sd 21). Of the 63 sarcomas, 27 were in the hands and 36 in the feet. The commonest subtypes were epithelioid sarcoma in the hand (n = 8) and synovial sarcoma in the foot (n = 11)...
November 2018: Bone & Joint Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30418058/the-mean-ten-year-results-of-metal-on-metal-hybrid-hip-resurfacing-arthroplasty
#13
H C Amstutz, M J Le Duff
AIMS: This study presents the long-term survivorship, risk factors for prosthesis survival, and an assessment of the long-term effects of changes in surgical technique in a large series of patients treated by metal-on-metal (MoM) hip resurfacing arthroplasty (HRA). PATIENTS AND METHODS: Between November 1996 and January 2012, 1074 patients (1321 hips) underwent HRA using the Conserve Plus Hip Resurfacing System. There were 787 men (73%) and 287 women (27%) with a mean age of 51 years (14 to 83)...
November 2018: Bone & Joint Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30418057/a-systematic-review-of-local-antibiotic-devices-used-to-improve-wound-healing-following-the-surgical-management-of-foot-infections-in-diabetics
#14
B A Marson, S R Deshmukh, D J C Grindlay, B J Ollivere, B E Scammell
AIMS: Local antibiotics are used in the surgical management of foot infection in diabetic patients. This systematic review analyzes the available evidence of the use of local antibiotic delivery systems as an adjunct to surgery. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Databases were searched to identify eligible studies and 13 were identified for inclusion. RESULTS: Overall, the quality of the studies was poor. A single trial suggested that wound healing is quicker when a gentamicin-impregnated collagen sponge was implanted at time of surgery, with no difference in length of stay or rate of amputation...
November 2018: Bone & Joint Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30418056/infographic-replacing-failed-reverse-shoulder-arthroplasties-as-a-reliable-revision-approach
#15
E R Wagner, M Hevesi, M T Houdek, R H Cofield, J W Sperling, J Sanchez-Sotelo
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2018: Bone & Joint Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30418055/can-a-reverse-shoulder-arthroplasty-be-used-to-revise-a-failed-primary-reverse-shoulder-arthroplasty
#16
E R Wagner, M Hevesi, M T Houdek, R H Cofield, J W Sperling, J Sanchez-Sotelo
AIMS: Patients with a failed reverse shoulder arthroplasty (RSA) have limited salvage options. The aim of this study was to determine the outcome of revision RSA when used as a salvage procedure for a failed primary RSA. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We reviewed all revision RSAs performed for a failed primary RSA between 2006 and 2012, excluding patients with a follow-up of less than two years. A total of 27 revision RSAs were included in the study. The mean age of the patients at the time of revision was 70 years (58 to 82)...
November 2018: Bone & Joint Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30418054/cost-utility-studies-in-upper-limb-orthopaedic-surgery
#17
P V Rajan, R A Qudsi, G S M Dyer, E Losina
AIMS: The aim of this study was to assess the quality and scope of the current cost-effectiveness analysis (CEA) literature in the field of hand and upper limb orthopaedic surgery. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We conducted a systematic review of MEDLINE and the CEA Registry to identify CEAs that were conducted on or after 1 January 1997, that studied a procedure pertaining to the field of hand and upper extremity surgery, that were clinical studies, and that reported outcomes in terms of quality-adjusted life-years...
November 2018: Bone & Joint Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30418053/economic-outcomes-associated-with-deep-surgical-site-infection-in-patients-with-an-open-fracture-of-the-lower-limb
#18
B Parker, S Petrou, J P M Masters, F Achana, M L Costa
AIMS: The aim of this study was to estimate economic outcomes associated with deep surgical site infection (SSI) in patients with an open fracture of the lower limb. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A total of 460 patients were recruited from 24 specialist trauma hospitals in the United Kingdom Major Trauma Network. Preference-based health-related quality-of-life outcomes, assessed using the EuroQol EQ-5D-3L and the 6-Item Short-Form Health Survey questionnaire (SF-6D), and economic costs (£, 2014/2015 prices) were measured using participant-completed questionnaires over the 12 months following injury...
November 2018: Bone & Joint Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30418052/the-results-of-osteotomy-at-the-base-of-femoral-neck-with-osteoplasty-in-restoration-of-abductor-function-and-strength-in-slipped-capital-femoral-epiphysis
#19
A C C Angélico, L M Garcia, T R Icuma, C F Herrero, D A Maranho
AIMS: The aims of this study were to evaluate the abductor function in moderate and severe slipped capital femoral epiphysis (SCFE), comparing the results of a corrective osteotomy at the base of the femoral neck and osteoplasty with 1) in situ epiphysiodesis for mild SCFE, 2) contralateral unaffected hips, and 3) hips from healthy individuals. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A total of 24 patients (mean age 14.9 years (sd 1.6); 17 male and seven female patients) with moderate or severe SCFE (28 hips) underwent base of neck osteotomy and osteoplasty between 2012 and 2015...
November 2018: Bone & Joint Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30418051/salvage-of-failed-osteosynthesis-for-an-atypical-subtrochanteric-femoral-fracture-associated-with-long-term-bisphosphonate-treatment-using-a-95%C3%A2-angled-blade-plate
#20
S M Kim, K H Rhyu, S J Lim
AIMS: The aim of this study was to evaluate the outcomes of a salvage procedure using a 95° angled blade plate for failed osteosynthesis of atypical subtrochanteric femoral fractures associated with the long-term use of bisphosphonates. These were compared with those for failed osteosynthesis of subtrochanteric fractures not associated with bisphosphonate treatment. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Between October 2008 and July 2016, 14 patients with failed osteosynthesis of an atypical subtrochanteric femoral fracture were treated with a blade plate (atypical group)...
November 2018: Bone & Joint Journal
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