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Bone & Joint Journal

A Puri, P Ranganathan, A Gulia, S Crasto, R Hawaldar, R A Badwe
AIMS: A single-centre prospective randomized trial was conducted to investigate whether a less intensive follow-up protocol would not be inferior to a conventional follow-up protocol, in terms of overall survival, in patients who have undergone surgery for sarcoma of the limb. Initial short-term results were published in 2014. PATIENTS AND METHODS: The primary objective was to show non-inferiority of a chest radiograph (CXR) group compared with a CT scan group, and of a less frequent (six-monthly) group than a more frequent (three-monthly) group, in two-by-two comparison...
February 2018: Bone & Joint Journal
W Kim, J S Lee, H W Chung
AIMS: Adjuvant treatment after intralesional curettage for atypical cartilaginous tumours (ACTs) of long bones is widely accepted for extending surgical margins. However, evaluating the isolated effect of adjuvant treatment is difficult, and it is unclear whether not using such adjuvants provides poor oncological outcomes. Hence, we analyzed whether intralesional curettage without cryosurgery or chemical adjuvants provides poor oncological outcomes in patients with an ACT. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A total of 24 patients (nine men, 15 women) (mean age 45 years; 18 to 62) were treated for ACTs of long bones and followed up for a median of 66 months (interquartile range 50 to 84)...
February 2018: Bone & Joint Journal
J I Albergo, C L L Gaston, M C Parry, M K Laitinen, L M Jeys, R M Tillman, A T Abudu, R J Grimer
AIMS: The aim of this study was to analyse a group of patients with non-metastatic Ewing's sarcoma at presentation and identify prognostic factors affecting the development of local recurrence, in order to assess the role of radiotherapy. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A retrospective review of all patients with a Ewing's sarcoma treated between 1980 and 2012 was carried out. Only those treated with chemotherapy followed by surgery and/or radiotherapy were included. Patients were grouped according to site (central or limb) for further analysis of the prognostic factors...
February 2018: Bone & Joint Journal
A Ghoshal, N Enninghorst, K Sisak, Z J Balogh
AIMS: To evaluate interobserver reliability of the Orthopaedic Trauma Association's open fracture classification system (OTA-OFC). PATIENTS AND METHODS: Patients of any age with a first presentation of an open long bone fracture were included. Standard radiographs, wound photographs, and a short clinical description were given to eight orthopaedic surgeons, who independently evaluated the injury using both the Gustilo and Anderson (GA) and OTA-OFC classifications...
February 2018: Bone & Joint Journal
T Ohmori, T Kitamura, T Nishida, T Matsumoto, T Tokioka
AIM: There is not adequate evidence to establish whether external fixation (EF) of pelvic fractures leads to a reduced mortality. We used the Japan Trauma Data Bank database to identify isolated unstable pelvic ring fractures to exclude the possibility of blood loss from other injuries, and analyzed the effectiveness of EF on mortality in this group of patients. PATIENTS AND METHODS: This was a registry-based comparison of 1163 patients who had been treated for an isolated unstable pelvic ring fracture with (386 patients) or without (777 patients) EF...
February 2018: Bone & Joint Journal
B A Basques, R P McLynn, A M Lukasiewicz, A M Samuel, D D Bohl, J N Grauer
AIMS: The aims of this study were to characterize the frequency of missing data in the National Surgical Quality Improvement Program (NSQIP) database and to determine how missing data can influence the results of studies dealing with elderly patients with a fracture of the hip. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Patients who underwent surgery for a fracture of the hip between 2005 and 2013 were identified from the NSQIP database and the percentage of missing data was noted for demographics, comorbidities and laboratory values...
February 2018: Bone & Joint Journal
J U Yoo, T C McIver, J Hiratzka, H Carlson, N Carlson, S S Radoslovich, T Gernhart, E Boshears, M S Kane
AIMS: The aim of this study was to determine if positive Waddell signs were related to patients' demographics or to perception of their quality of life. PATIENTS AND METHODS: This prospective cross-sectional study included 479 adult patients with back pain from a university spine centre. Each completed SF-12 and Oswestry Disability Index (ODI) questionnaires and underwent standard spinal examinations to elicit Waddell signs. The relationship between Waddell signs and age, gender, ODI, Mental Component Score (MCS), and Physical Component Score (PCS) scores was determined...
February 2018: Bone & Joint Journal
P Jungbluth, S Tanner, J Schneppendahl, J-P Grassmann, M Wild, M Hakimi, J Windolf, R Laun
AIMS: The aim of this retrospective multicentre study was to evaluate mid-term results of the operative treatment of Monteggia-like lesions and to determine the prognostic factors that influence the clinical and radiological outcome. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A total of 46 patients (27 women and 19 men), with a mean age of 57.7 years (18 to 84) who had sustained a Monteggia-like lesion were followed up clinically and radiologically after surgical treatment. The Mayo Modified Wrist Score (MMWS), Mayo Elbow Performance Score (MEPS), Broberg and Morrey Score, and Disabilities of the Arm, Shoulder and Hand (DASH) score were used for evaluation at a mean of 65 months (27 to 111) postoperatively...
February 2018: Bone & Joint Journal
E Q Pang, J Truntzer, L Baker, A H S Harris, M J Gardner, R N Kamal
AIMS: The aim of this study was to test the null hypothesis that there is no difference, from the payer perspective, in the cost of treatment of a distal radial fracture in an elderly patient, aged > 65 years, between open reduction and internal fixation (ORIF) and closed reduction (CR). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Data relating to the treatment of these injuries in the elderly between January 2007 and December 2015 were extracted using the Humana and Medicare Advantage Databases...
February 2018: Bone & Joint Journal
M P Gaspar, P P Pham, C D Pankiw, S M Jacoby, E K Shin, A L Osterman, P M Kane
AIMS: The aims of this study were to compare the mid-term outcomes of patients with late-stage arthritis of the wrist treated with proximal row carpectomy (PRC) and dorsal capsular interposition (DCI) arthroplasty with a matched cohort treated with routine PRC alone. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A total of 25 arthritic wrists (24 patients) with pre-existing degenerative changes of the proximal capitate and/or the lunate fossa of the radius were treated with PRC + DCI over a ten-year period...
February 2018: Bone & Joint Journal
M Chraim, S Krenn, H M Alrabai, H-J Trnka, P Bock
AIMS: Hindfoot arthrodesis with retrograde intramedullary nailing has been described as a surgical strategy to reconstruct deformities of the ankle and hindfoot in patients with Charcot arthropathy. This study presents case series of Charcot arthropathy patients treated with two different retrograde intramedullary straight compression nails in order to reconstruct the hindfoot and assess the results over a mid-term follow-up. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We performed a retrospective analysis of 18 consecutive patients and 19 operated feet with Charcot arthropathy who underwent a hindfoot arthrodesis using a retrograde intramedullary compression nail...
February 2018: Bone & Joint Journal
P Laumonerie, F Lapègue, N Reina, M Tibbo, M Rongières, M Faruch, P Mansat
AIMS: The pathogenesis of intraneural ganglion cysts is controversial. Recent reports in the literature described medial plantar intraneural ganglion cysts (mIGC) with articular branches to subtalar joints. The aim of the current study was to provide further support for the principles underlying the articular theory, and to explain the successes and failures of treatment of mICGs. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Between 2006 and 2017, five patients with five mICGs were retrospectively reviewed...
February 2018: Bone & Joint Journal
M J Petrie, C M Blakey, C Chadwick, H G Davies, C M Blundell, M B Davies
AIMS: Fractures of the navicular can occur in isolation but, owing to the intimate anatomical and biomechanical relationships, are often associated with other injuries to the neighbouring bones and joints in the foot. As a result, they can lead to long-term morbidity and poor function. Our aim in this study was to identify patterns of injury in a new classification system of traumatic fractures of the navicular, with consideration being given to the commonly associated injuries to the midfoot...
February 2018: Bone & Joint Journal
K Lam Tin Cheung, B A Lanting, R W McCalden, X Yuan, S J MacDonald, D D Naudie, M G Teeter
AIMS: The aim of this study was to evaluate the long-term inducible displacement of cemented tibial components ten years after total knee arthroplasty (TKA). PATIENTS AND METHODS: A total of 15 patients from a previously reported prospective trial of fixation using radiostereometric analysis (RSA) were examined at a mean of 11 years (10 to 11) postoperatively. Longitudinal supine RSA examinations were acquired at one week, one year, and two years postoperatively and at final follow-up...
February 2018: Bone & Joint Journal
N D Clement, M Bardgett, D Weir, J Holland, C Gerrand, D J Deehan
AIMS: The primary aim of this study was to assess whether patient satisfaction one year after total knee arthroplasty (TKA) changed with longer follow-up. The secondary aims were to identify predictors of satisfaction at one year, persistence of patient dissatisfaction, and late onset dissatisfaction in patients that were originally satisfied at one year. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A retrospective cohort consisting of 1369 patients undergoing a primary TKA for osteoarthritis that had not undergone revision were identified from an established arthroplasty database...
February 2018: Bone & Joint Journal
K N Subramanyam, P Khanchandani, P V Tulajaprasad, J Jaipuria, A V Mundargi
AIMS: The aims of this study were to compare the efficacy and safety of intra-articular and intravenous (IV) tranexamic acid (TXA) in controlling perioperative blood loss in total knee arthroplasty (TKA) using a randomized, double-blinded equivalence trial. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A total of 182 patients aged between 45 and 75 years undergoing unilateral TKA at a tertiary centre were randomized to receive TXA, either 1.5 g intra-articularly after closure of the wound (n = 91) or two doses of 10 mg/kg IV (n = 91)...
February 2018: Bone & Joint Journal
P Bovonratwet, R Malpani, T D Ottesen, V Tyagi, N T Ondeck, L E Rubin, J N Grauer
AIMS: The aim of this study was to compare the rate of perioperative complications following aseptic revision total hip arthroplasty (THA) in patients aged ≥ 80 years with that in those aged < 80 years, and to identify risk factors for the incidence of serious adverse events in those aged ≥ 80 years using a large validated national database. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Patients who underwent aseptic revision THA were identified in the 2005 to 2015 National Surgical Quality Improvement Program (NSQIP) database and stratified into two age groups: those aged < 80 years and those aged ≥ 80 years...
February 2018: Bone & Joint Journal
A T Hexter, S M Hislop, G W Blunn, A D Liddle
AIMS: Periprosthetic joint infection (PJI) is a serious complication of total hip arthroplasty (THA). Different bearing surface materials have different surface properties and it has been suggested that the choice of bearing surface may influence the risk of PJI after THA. The objective of this meta-analysis was to compare the rate of PJI between metal-on-polyethylene (MoP), ceramic-on-polyethylene (CoP), and ceramic-on-ceramic (CoC) bearings. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Electronic databases (Medline, Embase, Cochrane library, Web of Science, and Cumulative Index of Nursing and Allied Health Literature) were searched for comparative randomized and observational studies that reported the incidence of PJI for different bearing surfaces...
February 2018: Bone & Joint Journal
M Tarabichi, N Shohat, K Goswami, J Parvizi
AIMS: The diagnosis of periprosthetic joint infection can be difficult due to the high rate of culture-negative infections. The aim of this study was to assess the use of next-generation sequencing for detecting organisms in synovial fluid. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this prospective, single-blinded study, 86 anonymized samples of synovial fluid were obtained from patients undergoing aspiration of the hip or knee as part of the investigation of a periprosthetic infection...
February 2018: Bone & Joint Journal
F S Haddad
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2018: Bone & Joint Journal
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