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Shin Hye Kim, Keng Lu Tan, Sang Yeon Lee, Dae Woo Kim, Sue Shin, Hong-Ryul Jin
BACKGROUND: This study investigated on bacterial contamination of the rhinoplasty field. The effect of preoperative chlorhexidine treatment on decreasing bacterial contamination in the rhinoplasty field is examined. METHODS: Thirty patients who underwent rhinoplasty were block randomized into a chlorhexidine, regular-soap, or control group comprising ten participants each. The chlorhexidine group was subjected to chlorhexidine showering, shampooing, and facial-cleansing 12 h prior to the operation...
2016: SpringerPlus
Hongwei Liang, Shanshan Guo, Xiangzhong Luo, Zhong Li, Guiwei Zou
BACKGROUND: Bagridae is an important family of catfishes and has a high market demand. Recently, more cultivable Bagridae fishes are being exploited in China, and hybridization of some species has been carried out to achieve better growth performance, favorable sex ratios and better disease resistance. Yet, these hybrids have further increased the difficulties of taxonomy identification due to morphological indistinguishableness. RESULTS: In this study, the molecular identification technologies for Tachysurus fulvidraco, Leiocassis longirostris sand their hybrids were successfully established by using mitochondrial COI and nuclear ITS sequences to identify the maternal and paternal lineage, respectively...
2016: SpringerPlus
Hamidreza Rabiee, Javad Haddadnia, Hossein Mousavi, Moin Nabi, Vittorio Murino, Nicu Sebe
[This corrects the article DOI: 10.1186/s40064-016-2786-0.].
2016: SpringerPlus
Fadi Farhat, Ahmad Othman, Fadi El Karak, Joseph Kattan
BACKGROUND: Only drafts of regulatory guidelines for the registration of biosimilars are available in Lebanon. We analyzed the results of a regional survey conducted in Lebanon to understand the impact of different parameters on the acceptance and future prescription of biosimilars. We also reviewed the current situation of biosimilars around the world. The study surveyed healthcare professionals from the Arab countries, Iran, Belgium and Italy. Data about the participants' specialty, country of residence, their knowledge about biosimilars, biosimilars' prescription, price influence and the manufacturer's credibility were collected...
2016: SpringerPlus
Bassamah Hanif, Nusrat Jamil, Muhammad Raza Shah
BACKGROUND: Atomic force microscopy (AFM) is an advance microscopic technique that provides three dimensional structures of cell surfaces with high resolution. In the present study AFM was used for comparative analysis of surface topology of phage infected and uninfected Uropathogenic Escherichia coli (UPEC) cells. Two UPEC strains NE and HN were isolated from urine samples of Urinary tract infection patients and their specific narrow host range lytic phages 3S and HNΦ were isolated from the sewage of different areas...
2016: SpringerPlus
Rashmi Yadav, Ravindra Patel, Abhay Kothari
INTRODUCTION: The comprehension of legacy codes is difficult to understand. Various commercial reengineering tools are available that have unique working styles, and are equipped with their inherent capabilities and shortcomings. The focus of the available tools is in visualizing static behavior not the dynamic one. Therefore, it is difficult for people who work in software product maintenance, code understanding reengineering/reverse engineering. Consequently, the need for a comprehensive reengineering/reverse engineering tool arises...
2016: SpringerPlus
Tao Li, Jinyang Zheng, Zhiwei Chen
[This corrects the article DOI: 10.1186/s40064-016-2998-3.].
2016: SpringerPlus
H A E Babiker, T Saito, Y Nakatsu, S Takasuga, M Morita, Y Sugimoto, J Ueda, T Watanabe
BACKGROUND: Bovine Mx2 gene sequences were already reported, but further information about the gene properties is not yet available. The objective of the current study was to elucidate the structural properties of the bovine Mx2 gene mainly the promoter region and its possible functional role. If available, such information would help in assessing the functional properties of the gene, which was reported to confer antiviral action against recombinant VSV. RESULTS: Examinations on the bovine genomic BAC clone-confirmed to contain the Mx2 gene-revealed 883-bp sequences...
2016: SpringerPlus
Yake Zheng, Yajun Lian, Chuanjie Wu, Chen Chen, Haifeng Zhang, Peng Zhao
INTRODUCTION: Spontaneous intracranial hypotension is one of the causes of a postural headache in young people. In this study, the diagnosis and treatment results of a case of intracranial hypotension headache due to spinal cerebrospinal fluid leakage were reported. Up to now, there is not absolutely effective treatment for intracranial hypotension headache. CASE DESCRIPTION: A 32-year-old woman complained, a headache after prolonged sitting that presented with nausea; vomiting; increased pain during walking; and decreased or absent pain after lying down...
2016: SpringerPlus
Yu-Ling Han, Xian-E Cao, Ju-Xun Wang, Chun-Ling Dong, Hong-Tao Chen
This study intends to investigate the correlations of miR-124a and miR-30d with clinicopathological features of breast cancer (BC) patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). A total of 72 BC patients with T2DM (diabetic group) and 144 BC patients without T2DM (non-diabetic group) were enrolled in this study. Blood glucose was detected by glucose oxidase methods. Glycosylated hemoglobin (HbA1c) was measured by high performance liquid chromatography. Fasting insulin (FIns) was measured by chemiluminescent microparticle immunoassay...
2016: SpringerPlus
Ganesh Ghorai, Madhumangal Pal
The theory of graphs are very useful tool in solving the combinatorial problems in different areas of computer science and computational intelligence systems. In this paper, we present a frame work to handle m-polar fuzzy information by combining the theory of m-polar fuzzy sets with graphs. We introduce the notion of weak self complement m-polar fuzzy graphs and establish a necessary condition for m-polar fuzzy graph to be weak self complement. Some properties of self complement and weak self complement m-polar fuzzy graphs are discussed...
2016: SpringerPlus
Chantana Chantrapornchai, Chidchanok Choksuchat
Ontology is one of the key components in semantic webs. It contains the core knowledge for an effective search. However, building ontology requires the carefully-collected knowledge which is very domain-sensitive. In this work, we present the practice of ontology construction for a case study of health tourism in Thailand. The whole process follows the METHONTOLOGY approach, which consists of phases: information gathering, corpus study, ontology engineering, evaluation, publishing, and the application construction...
2016: SpringerPlus
Maisarah Abdul Mutalib, Faisal Ali, Fauziah Othman, Rajesh Ramasamy, Asmah Rahmat
BACKGROUND: Cyphomandra betacea (C. betacea) belongs to the Solanaceae family. This study was aimed to evaluate the anti-proliferative of C.betacea crude extract against selected cancer cell lines (breast and liver cancer) and to identify the polyphenolics profile (phenolic acids and flavonoids) of C. betacea fruits. Anti-proliferative effect of the extracts was examined using MTT (3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2yl)-2,5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide) assay, followed by cell morphology analysis using acridine orange and propidium iodide double staining...
2016: SpringerPlus
Shaho Sabbar, Daiwon Hyun
BACKGROUND: After a piece of information is put into a network, its fate depends on the behaviors of the nodes of the network; nodes that are equipped with the hardware and software of the age of information and are more powerful than any time in the past. This study suggests that a useful research for communication, marketing and advertising would be one that looks for patterns in the reactions of the nodes toward different pieces of information. RESULTS: This study has used Facebook to see how people have reacted to different types of messages in terms of liking, sharing and commenting...
2016: SpringerPlus
Preeti Kulkarni, Ashwin Karanam, Murari Gurjar, Sagar Dhoble, Arvind B Naik, Bhaskar H Vidhun, Vikram Gota
BACKGROUND: Pharmacokinetic studies are vital in development and optimization of drugs. While blood samples can be collected either in EDTA, heparin or citrate containing tubes for the estimation of drug levels in plasma, EDTA tubes are more commonly used. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effects of anticoagulants on bioanalysis of drugs. Six drugs used extensively in cancer therapy were selected. Albino wistar rats (N = 6 per drug) were dosed with one of the following drugs intraperitoneally-pemetrexed (50 mg/kg), imatinib (50 mg/kg), erlotinib (25 mg/kg), meropenem (60 mg/kg), 6-mercaptopurine (20 mg/kg) and voriconazole (6 mg/kg)...
2016: SpringerPlus
Patcharin Artameeyanant, Sivarit Sultornsanee, Kosin Chamnongthai
BACKGROUND: Electromyography (EMG) signals recorded from healthy, myopathic, and amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) subjects are nonlinear, non-stationary, and similar in the time domain and the frequency domain. Therefore, it is difficult to classify these various statuses. METHODS: This study proposes an EMG-based feature extraction method based on a normalized weight vertical visibility algorithm (NWVVA) for myopathy and ALS detection. In this method, sampling points or nodes based on sampling theory are extracted, and features are derived based on relations among the vertical visibility nodes with their amplitude differences as weights...
2016: SpringerPlus
Ranjan K Senapati, P M K Prasad, Gandharba Swain, T N Shankar
This paper presents a listless variant of a modified three-dimensional (3D)-block coding algorithm suitable for medical image compression. A higher degree of correlation is achieved by using a 3D hybrid transform. The 3D hybrid transform is performed by a wavelet transform in the spatial dimension and a Karhunen-Loueve transform in the spectral dimension. The 3D transformed coefficients are arranged in a one-dimensional (1D) fashion, as in the hierarchical nature of the wavelet-coefficient distribution strategy...
2016: SpringerPlus
Yu Liu, Shuncai Li
Surface water, groundwater and sand can flow into mine goaf through the fractured rock, which often leads to water inrush and quicksand movement. It is important to study the mechanical properties of water and sand in excavations sites under different conditions and the influencing factors of the water and sand seepage system. The viscosity of water-sand mixtures under different particle sizes, different concentration was tested based on the relationship between the shear strain rate and the surface viscosity...
2016: SpringerPlus
Fang Yang, Kang Ning, Xiaowei Zeng, Qian Zhou, Xiaoquan Su, Xiao Yuan
OBJECTIVE: Saliva, a mixture of exocrinally secretive fluids, amounts to ~1.5 L daily and harbors numerous microbial inhabitants. However, except the organismal structure of saliva microbiota, the functional profile of saliva microbiota remain elusive. METHODS: Here we used metagenomic sequencing to experimentally reconstruct the global genomic profile of saliva by sequencing total saliva DNA from two healthy and two caries-active (DMFT ≧ 6) adults. RESULTS: We found that saliva microbiota, representing 30-60% of total saliva DNA in our samples, might carry functional signatures that were site-specific and caries-state-specific...
2016: SpringerPlus
Juan M Carrillo de Gea, Joaquín Nicolás, José L Fernández-Alemán, Ambrosio Toval, Ali Idri
BACKGROUND: Software development processes are often performed by distributed teams which may be separated by great distances. Global software development (GSD) has undergone a significant growth in recent years. The challenges concerning GSD are especially relevant to requirements engineering (RE). Stakeholders need to share a common ground, but there are many difficulties as regards the potentially variable interpretation of the requirements in different contexts. We posit that the application of requirements reuse techniques could alleviate this problem through the diminution of the number of requirements open to misinterpretation...
2016: SpringerPlus
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