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Medical Science Monitor Basic Research

Shichao Han, Jinming Zhu, Yilei Zhang
BACKGROUND Ovarian cancer (OC) is one of the most common malignant diseases of the female reproductive system worldwide. Evidence has shown that microRNAs are involved in the development of ovarian cancer. miR-144, one of these microRNAs, has been found have upregulated expression in various human malignancies. The present study aimed to investigate the role miR-144 in ovarian cancer cell lines and to elucidate the mechanism involved. MATERIAL AND METHODS Human ovarian cancer cell lines (SKOV3/OVCAR3) and a normal ovarian cell line (IOSE80) were used to identify the miR-144 expression though qRT-PCR method...
February 15, 2018: Medical Science Monitor Basic Research
Takashi Aoyama, Osamu Imataki, Hidekazu Arai, Tetsuo Kume, Hitomi Shiozaki, Naomi Katsumata, Mariko Mori, Keiko Ishide, Takashi Ikeda
BACKGROUND The aim of this study was to compare nutrition-related adverse events and clinical outcomes of ifosfamide, carboplatin, and etoposide regimen (ICE therapy) and ranimustine, carboplatin, etoposide, and cyclophosphamide regimen (MCEC therapy) instituted as pretreatment for autologous peripheral blood stem cell transplantation. MATERIAL AND METHODS We enrolled patients who underwent autologous peripheral blood stem cell transplantation between 2007 and 2012. Outcomes were compared between ICE therapy (n=14) and MCEC therapy (n=14) in relation to nutrient balance, engraftment day, and length of hospital stay...
February 5, 2018: Medical Science Monitor Basic Research
Tetsutaro Mizuno, Toshihiko Sakakibara, Takamasa Yoshikawa, Tadashi Inaba, Takaya Kato, Yuichi Kasai
BACKGROUND Surgery with pedicle screw instrumentation does not provide sufficient torsional stability. This leads to pseudoarthrosis, loosening of the pedicle screws, and, ultimately, implant failure. MATERIAL AND METHODS Functional spinal units from 18 deer were evaluated using a 6-axis material testing machine. As specimen models, we prepared an intact model, a damaged model, a cross-rod model, and a cross-link model. We measured the range of motion (ROM) during bending and rotation tests. RESULTS The range of motions of cross-rod model were almost equal to those of cross-link model during the bending test...
January 26, 2018: Medical Science Monitor Basic Research
Yunguo Pang, Jinmin Zhao, Mitra Fowdur, Yun Liu, Hao Wu, Maolin He
BACKGROUND Glutamate metabotropic receptor 4 (GRM4) has been correlated with the pathogenesis of osteosarcoma. The objective of this study was to explore the underlying molecular mechanism of GRM4 in osteosarcoma. MATERIAL AND METHODS The expression levels of GRM4 in four human osteosarcoma cell lines and hFOB1.19 cells were examined by real-time quantitative PCR (RT-qPCR). The U2OS cells of the highest GRM4 expression were transfected with lentivirus-mediated small interfering RNA (siRNA). The differentially expressed genes (DEGs) after GRM4 gene silencing were screened through RNA sequencing, and analyzed by bioinformatics...
January 17, 2018: Medical Science Monitor Basic Research
Veeravan Lekskulchai
BACKGROUND Since measured low density lipoprotein-cholesterol (LDL-C) has been available in clinical laboratories, there have been concern about the disagreement between measured and calculated LDL-C and the factors causing their disagreement. MATERIAL AND METHODS Serum lipid concentrations were collected from 1,339 medical records of patients admitted to hospital between 2013 and 2015. They were grouped by their total cholesterol (TC), triglycerides (TG), and high-density lipoprotein-cholesterol (HDL-C) concentrations and the agreement between measured and calculated LDL-C was statistically analyzed...
January 12, 2018: Medical Science Monitor Basic Research
Chun-Ying Li, Liang-Xue Wang, Si-Si Dong, Ying Hong, Xin-He Zhou, Wen-Wen Zheng, Chao Zheng
BACKGROUND Sodium glucose transporter-2 inhibitors are the newest antidiabetic drugs that seem to be cardioprotective and can prevent type 2 diabetes in patients with high cardiovascular risks. Previous clinical trials have shown that these inhibitors can alleviate endothelial dysfunction, but the mechanism of action remains unknown. How SGLT inhibitor influences the release of NO in PA-induced HUVECs has never been reported. MATERIAL AND METHODS To explore the potential effects of the endothelial-protective mechanism of phlorizin and its impact on nitric oxide (NO), human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs) were incubated with palmitic acid (PA) and then treated with phlorizin...
January 8, 2018: Medical Science Monitor Basic Research
Shirley Telles, Sadhana Verma, Sachin Kumar Sharma, Ram Kumar Gupta, Acharya Balkrishna
BACKGROUND Reports suggest that vigilance or sustained attention increases sympathetic activity. A persistent increase in sympathetic activity can lead to an increase in blood pressure. Alternate-nostril yoga breathing has been shown to be useful to (i) improve attention and (ii) decrease the systolic and diastolic blood pressure. Earlier studies did not report simultaneous recordings of the blood pressure and performance in vigilance tests after alternate-nostril yoga breathing. With this background, the present study was planned to determine if 15 minutes of alternate nostril yoga breathing could improve the performance in a vigilance test without an increase in blood pressure...
December 29, 2017: Medical Science Monitor Basic Research
Gleisy Kelly Goncalves, Thiago Henrique Caldeira de Oliveira, Najara de Oliveira Belo
BACKGROUND Heart failure in women increases around the time of menopause when high-fat diets may result in obesity. The heart produces brain natriuretic peptide (BNP), also known as B-type natriuretic peptide. This aims of this study were to assess cardiac hypertrophy and BNP levels in ovariectomized rats fed a high-fat diet. MATERIAL AND METHODS Forty-eight female Wistar rats were divided into four groups: sham-operated rats fed a control diet (SC) (n=12); ovariectomized rats fed a control diet (OC) (n=12); sham-operated rats fed a high-fat diet (SF) (n=12); and ovariectomized rats fed a high-fat diet (OF) (n=12)...
December 18, 2017: Medical Science Monitor Basic Research
Nurul Kamsani Hamirah, Yuhaniza Shafinie Kamsani, Nor-Ashikin Mohamed Nor Khan, Sharaniza Ab Rahim, Mohd Hamim Rajikin
BACKGROUND Cytoskeletal structures, in particular actin and tubulin, provide a fundamental framework in all cells, including embryos. The objective of this study was to evaluate the effects of nicotine, which is a source of oxidative stress, and subsequent supplementation with Tocotrienol-rich fraction (TRF) on actin and tubulin of 2- and 8-cell murine embryos. MATERIAL AND METHODS Thirty female Balb/C mice were divided into 4 groups: Group 1 received: subcutaneous (sc) injection of 0.9% NaCl; Group 2 received sc injection of 3...
December 8, 2017: Medical Science Monitor Basic Research
Mhamad Abou-Hamdan, Bouchra Gharib, Marc Bajenoff, Valérie Julia, Max de Reggi
BACKGROUND Migration of leukocytes into airways is the hallmark of allergic asthma. The aim of this study was to target the pathological process using pantethine, a pleiotropic natural compound which has been recently shown to down-regulate chemokine-driven T cell migration. MATERIAL AND METHODS Mice were sensitized to the Leishmania LACK antigen, then treated or not treated with pantethine and exposed to LACK or saline aerosol. After sacrifice of the animals, cells in the bronchoalveolar lavage were analyzed and inflammatory parameters were determined to evaluate inflammation seriousness...
November 27, 2017: Medical Science Monitor Basic Research
Johanna M C Blom, Enzo Ottaviani
The integration between immune and neuroendocrine systems is crucial for maintaining homeostasis from invertebrates to humans. In the first, the phagocytic cell, i.e., the immunocyte, is the main actor, while in the latter, the principle player is the lymphocyte. Immunocytes are characterized by the presence of pro-opiomelanocortin (POMC) peptides, CRH, and other molecules that display a significant similarity to their mammalian counterparts regarding their functions, as both are mainly involved in fundamental functions such as immune (chemotaxis, phagocytosis, cytotoxicity, etc...
November 16, 2017: Medical Science Monitor Basic Research
Kejia Xu, Bingjun Shi, Qingchun Diao, Xue Jiang, Yujuan Xiao
BACKGROUND Hailey-Hailey disease (HHD) is a rare autosomal dominant skin condition. The ATP2C1 gene was identified as the defective gene in HHD. To date, 166 pathogenic mutations in ATP2C1 have been observed worldwide. The aim of this study was to identify variations in HHD and summarize the features of the mutations identified in China. MATERIAL AND METHODS We examined 2 familial and 2 sporadic cases of HHD. Genomic DNA polymerase chain reaction and direct sequencing of the ATP2C1 were performed from HHD patients, unaffected family members, and 200 healthy individuals...
November 6, 2017: Medical Science Monitor Basic Research
Muriel Meiring, Mmakgabu Khemisi, Leana Laker, Pascal M Dohmen, Francis E Smit
BACKGROUND The use of decellularized biological scaffolds for the reconstruction of small-diameter vascular grafts remains a challenge in tissue engineering. Thrombogenicity is an important cause of obstruction in these vessels due to decellularization. Seeding of the decellularized vascular constructs with endothelial cells is therefore a prerequisite for the prevention of thrombosis. The aim of this study was to seed decellularized baboon arteries with endothelial cells and to compare the thrombogenicity to that of decellularized arteries after circulation of blood...
October 30, 2017: Medical Science Monitor Basic Research
Sander M Weckstein, Ethan J Weckstein, Christopher D Parker, Matthew W Westerman
BACKGROUND This case study was undertaken in an effort to assess whether children/adolescents with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) experience improvement in comorbid ADHD following Cogmed Working Memory Training (CWMT). This treatment intervention has been shown to improve ADHD symptoms in children and adolescents; however, there have been no studies on its use with individuals with ASD. MATERIAL AND METHODS CWMT is a computer-based program that consists of 13 auditory, visual, visual spatial, and combined exercises that are practiced for 45 minutes a day, 5 days a week, for 5 weeks...
October 16, 2017: Medical Science Monitor Basic Research
Christian Heiss, Stefanie Kern, Deeksha Malhan, Wolfgang Böcker, Markus Engelhardt, Diaa Eldin S Daghma, Sabine Stoetzel, Jakob Schmitt, Matthias Ivo, Vivien Kauschke, Katrin S Lips, Kamen Tushtev, Kurosch Rezwan, Thaqif El Khassawna
BACKGROUND Osteoporosis is diagnosed by bone loss using a radiological parameter called T-score. Preclinical studies use DXA to evaluate bone status were the T-score is referenced on bone mineral density (BMD) values of the same animals before treatment. Clinically, the reference BMD represents values of an independent group of healthy patients around 30 years old. The present study established a clinically similar T-score standard to diagnose osteoporosis in a sheep model. MATERIAL AND METHODS We used 31 female merino land sheep (average 5...
October 2, 2017: Medical Science Monitor Basic Research
Hany Kallassy, Mohammad Fayyad-Kazan, Rawan Makki, Yolla El-Makhour, Hasan Rammal, David Y Leger, Vincent Sol, Hussein Fayyad-Kazan, Bertrand Liagre, Bassam Badran
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 26, 2017: Medical Science Monitor Basic Research
Qianyun Hao, Xuesong Zhao, Yi Zhang, Ziming Dong, Tao Hu, Ping Chen
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 15, 2017: Medical Science Monitor Basic Research
Fangxiang Mu, Hong Wu, Yong Wang
BACKGROUND There have been few studies on the value of various antibody combinations in rheumatoid arthritis (RA) diagnosis, and a lack of studies with large sample sizes, especially in the Chinese population. This study retrospectively evaluated the diagnostic value of a combined assay of five auto-antibodies [anti-cyclic citrullinated peptide (anti-CCP), anti-keratin (AKA), anti-RA 33, glucose-6-phosphate isomerase (GPI), and rheumatoid factor (RF)] for RA. MATERIAL AND METHODS Data were obtained from 5,725 patients with rheumatic diseases in Southwest Hospital of Chongqing from 2011 to 2014...
August 31, 2017: Medical Science Monitor Basic Research
Franziska Schlegel, Marco Appler, Michelle Halling, Francis Edwin Smit, Friedrich-Wilhelm Mohr, Stefan Dhein, Pascal Maria Dohmen
BACKGROUND The aims of this study were to compare the morphological, biochemical, and functional properties of reprogrammed bone marrow stem cell (BMSC)-derived arterial endothelial cells (AECs) and venous endothelial cells (VECs), following adenosine triphosphate (ATP)-stimulation in a mini pig animal model. MATERIAL AND METHODS Bone marrow aspiration was performed in six adult mini pigs. Harvested mononuclear cells were isolated, cultured, and treated with vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) (16 µg/ml)...
August 17, 2017: Medical Science Monitor Basic Research
Hany Kallassy, Mohammad Fayyad-Kazan, Rawan Makki, Yolla El-Makhour, Eva Hamade, Hasan Rammal, David Y Leger, Vincent Sol, Hussein Fayyad-Kazan, Bertrand Liagre, Bassam Badran
BACKGROUND In the present study, phytochemical screening, antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, and antiproliferative capacities of 3 extracts from leaves of Lebanese Crataegus azarolus L. were evaluated. MATERIAL AND METHODS Fresh leaves were dissolved in 3 different solvents: distilled water, ethanol, and methanol. The chemical composition was determined using high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) and the content of essential oil of this plant was examined by gas chromatography (GC) coupled with mass spectrometry (MS)...
August 3, 2017: Medical Science Monitor Basic Research
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