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Medical Science Monitor Basic Research

Leonardo M Sousa, Almir F de Andrade, Alessandro R Belon, Matheus S Soares, Robson Luis Amorim, Jose Pinhata Otochi, Manoel J Teixeira, Wellingson S Paiva
BACKGROUND Current clinical treatment methods for refractory intracranial hypertension include elevation of the decubitus, ventilation adjustment, and use of hypertonic solutions such as hypertonic saline and mannitol solutions. Previous studies have shown that hypertonic solutions are particularly effective. Although several concentrations of saline solution have been proposed, a 3% solution is the most widely used. The aim of this study was to evaluate the maintained efficacy of a 3% hypertonic saline solution in an experimental model of intracranial hypertension...
October 25, 2016: Medical Science Monitor Basic Research
Frederic Pastouret, Lucia Cardozo, Jan Lamote, Ronald Buyl, Pierre Lievens
BACKGROUND A whole-body vibration technique delivered in a horizontal position through a massage mattress was introduced in 2007. The present study analyzed the effects of different exposure periods to these vibrations on microcirculation of mice. MATERIAL AND METHODS Different periods of vibrations (30Hz) were locally delivered in a horizontal position on the external abdominal skin in 3 randomized groups of mice (N=42). The 3 groups receiving vibrations were compared to an untreated control group (N=14). The 3 experimental groups received 3, 6, and 10 min of vibrations...
October 14, 2016: Medical Science Monitor Basic Research
Mostafa Samak, Javid Fatullayev, Anton Sabashnikov, Mohamed Zeriouh, Bastian Schmack, Arjang Ruhparwar, Matthias Karck, Aron-Frederik Popov, Pascal M Dohmen, Alexander Weymann
Total arterial revascularization is the leading trend in coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) for the treatment of coronary artery disease (CAD). Adding to its superiority to vein conduits, arteries allow for a high degree of versatility and long-term patency, while minimizing the need for reintervention. This is especially important for patients with multi-vessel coronary artery disease, as well as young patients. However, arterial revascularization has come a long way before being widely appreciated, with some yet unresolved debates, and advances that never cease to impress...
October 4, 2016: Medical Science Monitor Basic Research
Arkady Rutkovskiy, Kåre-Olav Stensløkken, Ingvar Jarle Vaage
Ossification is a tightly regulated process, performed by specialized cells called osteoblasts. Dysregulation of this process may cause inadequate or excessive mineralization of bones or ectopic calcification, all of which have grave consequences for human health. Understanding osteoblast biology may help to treat diseases such as osteogenesis imperfecta, calcific heart valve disease, osteoporosis, and many others. Osteoblasts are bone-building cells of mesenchymal origin; they differentiate from mesenchymal progenitors, either directly or via an osteochondroprogenitor...
September 26, 2016: Medical Science Monitor Basic Research
Jenni L Gillespie, Anwuli Anyah, John M Taylor, Jerry W Marlin, Tracey A H Taylor
BACKGROUND Obtaining high-quality images of cellular structures via immunofluorescence staining is critical for cellular localization studies. Often, these studies cannot be performed in parallel with certain oncology, virology, pharmacokinetic, and drug absorption studies due to model system technicalities requiring the cells to be cultured on porous membranes rather than glass or plastic. MATERIAL AND METHODS Here, we report a method of immunofluorescent staining of cells cultured on permeable membranes. RESULTS As proof of principle, HeLa cells grown on Transwell® membrane supports were stained with fluorescently labeled antibodies using this modified immunofluorescence staining method and visualized by fluorescent microscopy...
2016: Medical Science Monitor Basic Research
Jun Lv, Can Qun Lv, Bo-Liang Wang, Ping Mei, Lei Xu
BACKGROUND The aim of this study was to investigate the variety of plasma contents of membrane glycolipids in 65 gastrointestinal tumors and 31 transplant hepatomas in mice. MATERIAL AND METHODS The experimental model was a transplantable murine hepatoma. Experimental mice were divided into 3 groups. RESULTS The LSA and TSA content in the 2 groups were significantly difference (p<0.01), and were significantly lower in the therapeutic group than in the control group (p<0.01). CONCLUSIONS These results indicate that membrane glycolipids index LSA and TSA are sensitive markers in gastrointestinal tumors...
2016: Medical Science Monitor Basic Research
Yingshui Yao, Lijun Zhu, Jie Li, Yuelong Jin, Lianping He
BACKGROUND The relationship between HLA-DRB1 alleles and asthma is controversial. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the relationship between HLA-DRB1 alleles and risk of asthma. MATERIAL AND METHODS We searched PubMed, Chinese National Knowledge Infrastructure (CNKI), Wan Fang (Chinese) database, and Chinese Biomedical Medical databases (CBM) to find studies on the relationship between HLA-DRB1 alleles and risk of asthma. We calculated the pooled odds ratio (OR) and 95% confidence interval (CI) using STATA 12...
2016: Medical Science Monitor Basic Research
Mostafa Samak, Javid Fatullayev, Anton Sabashnikov, Mohamed Zeriouh, Bastian Schmack, Mina Farag, Aron-Frederik Popov, Pascal M Dohmen, Yeong-Hoon Choi, Thorsten Wahlers, Alexander Weymann
Ventricular hypertrophy is an ominous escalation of hemodynamically stressful conditions such as hypertension and valve disease. The pathophysiology of hypertrophy is complex and multifactorial, as it touches on several cellular and molecular systems. Understanding the molecular background of cardiac hypertrophy is essential in order to protect the myocardium from pathological remodeling, or slow down the destined progression to heart failure and cardiomyopathy. In this review we highlight the most important molecular aspects of cardiac hypertrophic growth in light of the currently available published research data...
2016: Medical Science Monitor Basic Research
Anton Sabashnikov, Mohamed Zeriouh, Prashant N Mohite, Nikhil P Patil, Diana García-Sáez, Bastian Schmack, Simona Soresi, Pascal M Dohmen, Aron-Frederik Popov, Alexander Weymann, André R Simon, Fabio De Robertis
BACKGROUND Lung transplantation remains the gold standard treatment for patients with end-stage lung disease. Lobar lung transplantation allows for transplantation of size-mismatch donor lungs in small recipients; however, donor lung volume reduction represents a challenging surgical technique. In this paper we present our initial experience with bilateral lobectomy in donor lungs before lobar lung transplantation using normothermic perfusion on the Organ Care System (OCS) Lung. MATERIAL AND METHODS Specifics of the surgical technique for donor lung instrumentation on the OCS, lobar dissection on the OCS, and right and left donor lobectomies are presented in detail...
2016: Medical Science Monitor Basic Research
Torsten Christ, Alexander Lembcke, Michael Laule, Pascal Dohmen
BACKGROUND We present the case of a 69-year-old female patient with giant aortic aneurysm who underwent previously multiple cardiac surgeries or interventions. CASE REPORT Ross procedure was performed in 2006 due to aortic valve regurgitation and aneurysm of the ascending aorta. In 2010 the patient was re-admitted for pulmonary valve insufficiency and a transcatheter pulmonary valve was implanted. Recently, the patient presented with an aortic arch aneurysm, maximum diameter 78 mm, which was treated by a hybrid approach, implanting a frozen elephant trunk and a covered stent graft...
2016: Medical Science Monitor Basic Research
Shirley Telles, Ram Kumar Gupta, Nilkamal Singh, Acharya Balkrishna
BACKGROUND High-frequency yoga breathing (breath rate of 2.0 Hz) has been associated with changes in oxy-hemoglobin in the prefrontal region of the brain. The present study assessed the effects of high-frequency yoga breathing (HFYB) at 1.0 Hz on frontal oxy-hemoglobin (oxy-Hb) and deoxy-hemoglobin (deoxy-Hb). MATERIAL AND METHODS Forty healthy male participants were recruited for the study. The experimental group consisted of 20 participants 23-40 years old (group mean ±S.D., 26.4±4.7 years) with at least 3 months of experience performing HFYB (group mean ±S...
2016: Medical Science Monitor Basic Research
Bastian Schmack, Alexander Weymann, Aron-Frederik Popov, Nikhil Prakash Patil, Anton Sabashnikov, Jamila Kremer, Mina Farag, Andreas Brcic, Christoph Lichtenstern, Matthias Karck, Arjang Ruhparwar
Right ventricular failure (RVF) is an unfortunate complication that continues to limit outcomes following durable left ventricular assist device (LVAD) implantation. Despite several 'RVF risk scores' having been proposed, preoperative prediction of post-LVAD RVF remains a guesstimate at best. Current strategies for institution of temporary RVAD support are invasive, necessitate additional re-thoracotomy, restrict postoperative mobilization, and/or entail prolonged retention of prosthetic material in-situ. The authors propose a novel surgical strategy comprising simultaneous implantation of a permanent LVAD and percutaneous TandemHeart® plus ProtekDuo® to provide temporary RVAD support and preempt RVF in patients with impaired RV function...
2016: Medical Science Monitor Basic Research
Federico M Casares
BACKGROUND: Comparative DNA microarray analyses typically yield very large gene expression data sets that reflect complex patterns of change. Despite the wealth of information that is obtained, the identification of stable reference genes is required for normalization of disease- or drug-induced changes across tested groups. This is a prerequisite in quantitative real-time reverse transcription-PCR (qRT-PCR) and relative RT-PCR but rare in gene microarray analysis. The goal of the present study was to outline a simple method for identification of reliable reference genes derived from DNA microarray data sets by comparative statistical analysis of software-generated and manually calculated candidate genes...
2016: Medical Science Monitor Basic Research
Nikolaos Patelis, Demetrios Moris, Georgios Karaolanis, Sotiris Georgopoulos
BACKGROUND: Patients presenting with ruptured abdominal aortic aneurysms are most often treated with open repair despite the fact that endovascular aneurysm repair is a less invasive and widely accepted method with clear benefits for elective aortic aneurysm patients. A debate exists regarding the definitive benefit in endovascular repair for patients with a ruptured abdominal aortic aneurysm. The aim of this literature review was to determine if any trends exist in favor of either open or endovascular repair...
2016: Medical Science Monitor Basic Research
Shaojun Li, Dong Han, Yonghong Zhang, Xinming Xie, Rui Ke, Yanting Zhu, Lu Liu, Yang Song, Lan Yang, Manxiang Li
BACKGROUND: The current study was performed to investigate the effect of adenosine monophosphate (AMP) - activated protein kinase (AMPK) activation on the extracellular matrix (ECM) remodeling of pulmonary arteries in pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) and to address its potential mechanisms. MATERIAL AND METHODS: PAH was induced by a single intraperitoneal injection of monocrotaline (MCT) into Sprague-Dawley rats. Metformin (MET) was administered to activate AMPK...
2016: Medical Science Monitor Basic Research
Hideji Tanii, Kayo Sugitani, Kiyofumi Saijoh
BACKGROUND: Skin sensitizers induce allergic reactions through the induction of reactive oxygen species. Allyl nitrile from cruciferous vegetables has been reported to induce antioxidants and phase II detoxification enzymes in various tissues. We assessed the effects of repeated exposure to allyl nitrile on sensitizer-induced allergic reactions. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Mice were dosed with allyl nitrile (0-200 µmol/kg), and then received a dermal application of 1 of 3 sensitizers on the left ear or 1 of 2 vehicles on the right ear...
2016: Medical Science Monitor Basic Research
Antonia Schulz, Thomas Krabatsch, Jan D Schmitto, Roland Hetzer, Mirko Seidel, Pascal M Dohmen, Holger Hotz
BACKGROUND The C-Pulse System is an extra-aortic balloon counterpulsation device. It is used to treat patients with heart failure disease in NYHA functional class III or ambulatory class IV. MATERIAL AND METHODS We present preliminary site-reported 6-month data from 3 centers in Germany as part of the prospective observational post-market OPTIONS HF study. RESULTS Between May 2013 and March 2014, the C-Pulse System was implanted in 8 patients (7 male) with a mean age of 61.6±9.3 years. Four had ischemic and 4 had non-ischemic cardiomyopathy...
2016: Medical Science Monitor Basic Research
Hui Zhao, Zhiyong Yin, Kui Li, Zhikang Liao, Hongyi Xiang, Feng Zhu
BACKGROUND: Many brain injury cases involve pediatric road traffic accidents, and among these, brainstem injury causes disastrous outcomes. A thorough understanding of the tensile characterization of immature brainstem tissue is crucial in modeling traumatic brain injury sustained by children, but limited experimental data in tension is available for the immature brain tissue at dynamic strain rates. MATERIAL AND METHODS: We harvested brainstem tissue from immature pigs (about 4 weeks old, and at a developmental stage similar to that of human toddlers) as a byproduct from a local slaughter house and very carefully prepared the samples...
2016: Medical Science Monitor Basic Research
George B Stefano
Cognitive ability did not appear de novo in humans. Despite our ability to recognize limited cognitive behavioral characteristics in animals, there has been no outcry to proclaim this phenomenon. The notion that humans are the only animals to possess cognition has taken advantage of the illusory potential in inter-subjectivity and placed him outside of reality. This deception, however, has positive survival value due to the fact that it is humankind's self-proclaimed responsibility to excel beyond other simple animal species...
2016: Medical Science Monitor Basic Research
Moritz S Bischoff, Matthias Müller-Eschner, Katrin Meisenbacher, Andreas S Peters, Dittmar Böckler
BACKGROUND The aim of this study was to analyze device conformability in TEVAR of acute and chronic (a/c) type B aortic dissections (TBAD) using the Gore Conformable Thoracic Aortic Stent-graft (CTAG). MATERIAL AND METHODS From January 1997 to February 2014, a total of 90 out of 405 patients in our center received TEVAR for TBAD. Since November 2009, 23 patients (16 men; median age: 62 years) were treated with the CTAG. Indications were complicated aTBAD in 15 (65%) and expanding cTBAD in 8 (35%) patients. Primary endpoints were the assessment of device conformability by measuring the distance (D) from the radiopaque gold band marker (GM) at the proximal CTAG end to the inner curvature (IC) of the arch on parasagittal multiplanar reformations of CT angiography, as well as the evaluation of aortic diameter changes following TEVAR...
2015: Medical Science Monitor Basic Research
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