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Artificial Cells, Nanomedicine, and Biotechnology

Hanna Wollocko, Brian M Wollocko, Jacek Wollocko, Waldemar Grzegorzewski, Lukasz Smyk
Uncontrolled haemorrhage is one of the leading causes of death. This issue is present in controlled environments, such as hospitals, as well as pre-hospital and remote locations. Treatment is more challenging in remote locations where there is a lack of effective products to deliver oxygen and control coagulation. Poorly treated haemorrhage can lead to rapidly deteriorating bodily conditions that can result in organ failure and tissue death. Thus, the availability of products to support oxygen delivery to tissues and coagulation processes within the body is essential for the effective treatment of severe haemorrhage, particularly in out-of-the-hospital settings...
June 26, 2017: Artificial Cells, Nanomedicine, and Biotechnology
Mohsen Chiani, Dariush Norouzian, Mohammad Ali Shokrgozar, Kayhan Azadmanesh, Aazam Najmafshar, Mohammad Reza Mehrabi, Azim Akbarzadeh
Targeted drug delivery has received considerable attention due to its key role in improving therapeutic efficacy and reducing the side effects of anticancer drugs. Bleomycin (BLM) is an anticancer antibiotic with short half-life, low therapeutic and high side effects that limit its clinical applications. This study aims to evaluate the anticancer potential of folate-targeted liposomal bleomycin (FL-BLM) and its free-folate form (L-BLM) on two different cancer cell lines including human cervix carcinoma HeLa, and human breast carcinoma MCF-7 cells...
June 23, 2017: Artificial Cells, Nanomedicine, and Biotechnology
Nupur Kumar, Dayananda Desagani, Girish Chandran, Narendra Nath Ghosh, Ganesh Karthikeyan, Sachin Waigaonkar, Anasuya Ganguly
With increasing gap in the demand and supply of vital organs for transplantation there is a pressing need to bridge the gap with substitutes. One way to make substitutes is by tissue engineering which involves combining several types of synthetic or biomaterials, cells and growth factors cross-linked together to synthesize a functional scaffold for repair or replacement of non-functional organs. Nanoparticle based composites are gaining importance in tissue engineering due to their ability to enhance cell attachment and proliferation...
June 22, 2017: Artificial Cells, Nanomedicine, and Biotechnology
Farkhondeh Chaharband, Golnaz Kamalinia, Fatemeh Atyabi, S Alireza Mortazavi, Zahra H Mirzaie, Rassoul Dinarvand
Curcumin, a natural polyphenol, exhibits anti-oxidant, anti-inflammatory, anti-neoplastic and chemopreventive properties. In fact, targeting of this natural anticancer agent has received a great deal of attention during the recent years. In this study, we proposed that curcumin conjugation with lactoferrin molecules may lead to a potential drug delivery system targeted toward cancerous cells through both active and passive targeting. In this regard, curcumin conjugated lactoferrin was developed via a carbodiimide-based coupling reaction and the resulting conjugates were appraised for their molecular properties as a potential targeted drug delivery system...
June 16, 2017: Artificial Cells, Nanomedicine, and Biotechnology
Yong-Zhong Mao, Ling Jiang
At present, with the improvement of living standards and population aging, the incidence of cardiovascular and cerebrovascular disease is on the rise and has been a serious threat to human health. Statistics show that the current death caused by cardiovascular and cerebrovascular disease has become the first cause of death has been increasing year by year. Therefore, studies on coronary heart disease and atherosclerosis (AS) have become a hot topic in clinical and basic research. In this study, the question of the effect of Notch signalling pathway on the relationship between endothelial dysfunction and endothelial stromal transformation in AS was studied in depth...
June 16, 2017: Artificial Cells, Nanomedicine, and Biotechnology
Abolfazl Bayrami, Shadi Parvinroo, Aziz Habibi-Yangjeh, Shima Rahim Pouran
Herein, ZnO nanoparticles were synthesized using microwave-assisted method in the presence of Vaccinium arctostaphylos L, fruits extract. The structure, size, morphology and optical properties of the samples were characterized by XRD, SEM, TEM, EDX, FT-IR, UV-vis DRS and TGA analysis. A decrease in crystallite size was observed for the biologically synthesized ZnO compared to the chemically synthesized sample. Furthermore, the existence of organic moieties over the biologically synthesized ZnO NPs was approved using characterizing methods...
June 15, 2017: Artificial Cells, Nanomedicine, and Biotechnology
Rijuta G Saratale, Han Seung Shin, Gopalakrishnan Kumar, Giovanni Benelli, Dong-Su Kim, Ganesh D Saratale
This study first time reports the novel synthesis of silver nanoparticles (AgNPs) using a Punica granatum leaf extract (PGE). The synthesized AgNPs were characterized by various analytical techniques including UV-Vis, Fourier transform infrared (FTIR), X-ray powder diffraction (XRD), X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS), field emission scanning electron microscopy and energy-dispersive spectra (FESEM-EDS) and high-resolution transmission electron microscopy (HRTEM). FTIR analysis revealed that the involvement of biological macromolecules of P...
June 14, 2017: Artificial Cells, Nanomedicine, and Biotechnology
Aihua Wang, Fengqiang Wang, Yingqiu Yin, Min Zhang, Ping Chen
BACKGROUND: Pulmonary fibrosis is a chronic progressive disease with limited therapeutic options and inflammatory cytokines play important roles in the pathogenesis of pulmonary fibrosis. MATERIAL AND METHOD: Here, we investigated the changes of TGF-β1, IL-8, and IL-17 in the serum of bleomycin-A5-induced rats model of pulmonary fibrosis. 120 healthy male Wistar rats were randomly divided into three groups, the control group (n = 30), the model group (n = 45) and the dexamethasone (DEX) group (n = 45)...
June 13, 2017: Artificial Cells, Nanomedicine, and Biotechnology
Niyaz Ahmad, Rizwan Ahmad, Atta Abbas Naqvi, Md Aftab Alam, Mohammad Ashafaq, Rehan Abdur Rub, Farhan Jalees Ahmad
BACKGROUND: Quercetin (QUR), as an antioxidant flavonoid, exhibits potential role in the amelioration of cerebral ischaemia; however, poor solubility as well as oral absorption results low serum and tissue levels for this drug. PURPOSE OF THE STUDY: To enhance bioavailability, this study aims to prepare QUR nanoemulsions and administer via non-invasive nasal route in order to evaluate the drug targeting in brain. METHODS: Quercetin mucoadhesive nanoemulsion (QMNE) was prepared (ionic gelation method) and optimized using various parameters, that is, particle size, entrapment efficiency, zeta potential and ex vivo permeation study...
June 12, 2017: Artificial Cells, Nanomedicine, and Biotechnology
Sorada Kanokpanont, Rungnapha Yamdech, Pornanong Aramwit
The stability of mulberry-extracted anthocyanin is a main concern in food supplement application. In this article, the alginate/chitosan beads were fabricated by spray drying and external gelation techniques using different processes: (1) dropping a sodium alginate solution into a CaCl2 solution containing chitosan and (2) incubating calcium alginate beads in a solution of chitosan. These beads were introduced as microcarrier to enhance the stability and bioavailability of anthocyanin. We showed that the beads fabricated by different processes could encapsulate the anthocyanin at different amounts...
June 9, 2017: Artificial Cells, Nanomedicine, and Biotechnology
Anjum Gahlaut, Vinita Hooda, Vikas Dhull, Vikas Hooda
The healthcare area is often reluctant to execute new technology unless they are proven to be safe, constructive and secure. Eventually, an aspiration stands for providing point-of-care testing service to allow a better estimation of the biochemical levels of a patient that entails an insistent remedial action. With increasing mortality rate due to cardiovascular diseases (CVDs) in present scenario, it has become the need of hour to develop more advance methods for their diagnosis, so that it can be determined at sensitive levels and can be prevented from being fatal...
June 9, 2017: Artificial Cells, Nanomedicine, and Biotechnology
Yaghoub Deldar, Younes Pilehvar-Soltanahmadi, Mehdi Dadashpour, Soheila Montazer Saheb, Mohammad Rahmati-Yamchi, Nosratollah Zarghami
Chrysin (Chr) is a naturally occurring flavone with a wide spectrum of biological functions including anti-cancer, anti-inflammatory and anti-oxidant properties. Due to the low bioavailability and in vivo stability of Chr at therapeutic levels for wound-healing applications, Chr-loaded PCL/PEG nanofibrous mats were successfully fabricated by optimizing the electrospinning parameters and characterized using FE-SEM and FTIR. Results of MTT showed that Human foreskin fibroblast cells (HFF-1) have more than 80% viability on Chr-loaded nanofibers...
June 9, 2017: Artificial Cells, Nanomedicine, and Biotechnology
Alireza Garjani, Mohammad Barzegar-Jalali, Karim Osouli-Bostanabad, Hamed Ranjbar, Khosro Adibkia
The aim of this study was to fabricate propranolol hydrochloride (Prop. HCl) (as a water-soluble drug):Eudragit(®) RS100 (Eud) nanobeads and nanofibres applying the electrospraying method as an economical and one-step technique. Different ratios of Prop. HCl:Eud (i.e. 1:5 and 1:10) at total solution concentrations of 10-20% W/V were investigated. The FE-SEM studies revealed that morphology and size of the samples were highly affected by the solution concentration; so that, the nanobeads (a mean diameter of 82...
June 6, 2017: Artificial Cells, Nanomedicine, and Biotechnology
Keun Hyun Oh, Veronika Soshnikova, Josua Markus, Yeon Ju Kim, Sang Chul Lee, Priyanka Singh, Verónica Castro-Aceituno, Sungeun Ahn, Dong Hyun Kim, Yeon Jae Shim, Yu Jin Kim, Deok Chun Yang
The design of mild and non-toxic synthesis of metallic nanoparticles is a topical subject in the nanotechnology field. The objective of this present study is to screen the bioactivity of biosynthesized nanoparticles by aqueous fruit extract of Chaenomeles sinensis. The reducing and stabilizing ability of C. sinensis to fabricate gold (Cs-AuNps) and silver (Cs-AgNps) nanoparticles was confirmed by UV-visible (UV-Vis) spectroscopy at 562 nm and 477 nm, respectively. The field-emission transmission electron microscopy (FE-TEM) and X-ray diffraction analysis (XRD) verify the nano-scale morphology and crystallinity of Cs-AuNps (20-40 nm) and Cs-AgNps (5-20 nm)...
June 6, 2017: Artificial Cells, Nanomedicine, and Biotechnology
Gorke Gurel Pekozer, Mustafa Ramazanoglu, Karl Andreas Schlegel, Fatma Nese Kok, Gamze Torun Kose
Stem cells of dental origin emerged as a new source for the regeneration of tissues with advantages mainly including non-invasive collection procedures and lack of ethical contraversies with their harvest or use. In this study, porcine TGSCs (pTGSCs) were isolated from mandibular third molar tooth germs of 6-month-old domestic pigs. This is the first study that reports the isolation and characterization of TGSCs from porcine third molars and their differentiation depending on STRO-1 expression. PTGSCs were sorted according to their STRO-1 expression as STRO-1(+) and STRO-1(-)...
May 31, 2017: Artificial Cells, Nanomedicine, and Biotechnology
Sathishkumar G, Logeshwaran V, Sarathbabu S, Pradeep K Jha, Jeyaraj M, Rajkuberan C, Senthilkumar N, Sivaramakrishnan S
In the present study, a sustainable green chemistry approach was established to fabricate magnetic Fe3O4 nanoparticles (Fe3O4NPs) using the aqueous fruit extract of edible C. guianensis (CGFE). Synthesized NPs were further confirmed with different high-throughput characterization techniques such as UV-visible spectroscopy, FT-IR, XPS, DLS and zeta potential analysis. Additionally, XRD, AFM, HRTEM and SQUID VSM demonstrate the generation of crystalline CGFe3O4NPs with mean diameter of 17 ± 10 nm. Interestingly, CGFe3O4NPs exhibit a stupendous bactericidal action against different human pathogens which depicts its antimicrobial value...
May 29, 2017: Artificial Cells, Nanomedicine, and Biotechnology
Jiraporn Chumpol, Sineenat Siri
Green synthesis of AgNPs has gained many research interests as a low cost and eco-friendly approach. This work reported on the use of bacterial genomic DNA as the alternative biopolymer for a green production of AgNPs under a neutral pH. Although both ssDNA and dsDNA could function as stabilizing agents during the synthesis process, the ssDNA, generated by pre-heating the dsDNA at 100 °C, was more efficient to produce AgNPs with higher yield as determined by the intensity of the surface plasmon resonance (SPR) peak of silver at 475 nm...
May 25, 2017: Artificial Cells, Nanomedicine, and Biotechnology
Sabahat Hamid, Shama Zainab, Rani Faryal, Naeem Ali, Iqra Sharafat
Candida species are pleomorphic, commensal fungi associated with candidiasis. The extracellular hydrolytic-secreted aspartyl proteinases are recognized as chief agents for pathogenesis of Candida species, involved in the degradation of proteins and adhesion during biofilm formation. This study aimed at exploring inhibitory effect of mycogenic silver nanoparticles (Ag NPs) against C. albicans and non-albicans' biofilm growth and aspartyl proteinase enzyme activity in-vitro. Biofilm forming, drug-resistant clinical isolates of C...
May 25, 2017: Artificial Cells, Nanomedicine, and Biotechnology
Shafi Ullah, Muhammad Raza Shah, Mohammad Shoaib, Muhammad Imran, Syed Wadood Ali Shah, Farid Ahmed, Qamar Gul, Ismail Shah
Synthesis of biocompatible and cost-effective novel nonionic surfactants from renewable resources has been the subject of greater scientific interest for enhancing the bioavailability of less water-soluble drugs. The present study focuses on the synthesis of α-tocopherol-based novel biocompatible nonionic surfactant and its evaluation for forming clarithromycin-loaded niosomal drug delivery system. α-tocopherol was hydrophilically modified through multistep reactions and characterized using mass and (1)H NMR spectroscopic techniques...
May 25, 2017: Artificial Cells, Nanomedicine, and Biotechnology
Azam Chahardoli, Naser Karimi, Fatemeh Sadeghi, Ali Fattahi
In the present work, we studied the reduction of gold ions into gold nanoparticles using Nigella arvensis leaf extract in the one-step green synthesis method. The formation of N. arvensis gold nanoparticles (NA-GNPs) was confirmed by UV-Vis spectroscopy, XRD, FT-IR and TEM analyses. The XRD pattern confirmed the crystal structure of NA-GNPs, and TEM image showed the small size (3-37 nm) and almost spherical shape of NA-GNPs. NA-GNPs have not shown enhanced antioxidant properties compared to the plant extract while they were active against the clinical isolated bacterial strains...
May 25, 2017: Artificial Cells, Nanomedicine, and Biotechnology
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