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Artificial Cells, Nanomedicine, and Biotechnology

Dandan Wang, Josua Markus, Chao Wang, Yeon-Ju Kim, Ramya Mathiyalagan, Verónica Castro Aceituno, Sungeun Ahn, Deok Chun Yang
Green synthesis of gold (CB-AuNps) and silver (CB-AgNps) nanoparticles using Cibotium barometz root extract was highlighted. CB-AuNps were synthesized almost instantly and CB-AgNps were formed after 25 min in a heated aqueous extract. The formation of CB-AuNps and CB-AgNps was detected at 548 and 412 nm; they were spherical with crystallite sizes of 6 nm and 23 nm, respectively. CB-AgNps were further investigated for their antimicrobial activity against Escherichia, Staphylococcus aureus, Salmonella enterica, and Pseudomonas aeruginosa...
December 4, 2016: Artificial Cells, Nanomedicine, and Biotechnology
Anil Kumar Sahu, Vishal Jain
This study is to screening the formulation and process variables that produce significant effect on the gedunin-loaded liposome formulations by using quality-by-design approach. Placket-Burman screening design was used to screen the most influencing formulation and process variables. Mean vesicle size, zeta potential, entrapment efficiency, and loading capacity were found in the range of 112-990 nm, -19.39 to -39.20 mV, 45.25-87.60%, and 3.54-10.47%, respectively. Differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) and powder X-ray diffraction (XRD) result suggested that Gedunin encapsulated within liposome as amorphous state...
December 4, 2016: Artificial Cells, Nanomedicine, and Biotechnology
Ganesh Elango, Selvaraj Mohana Roopan, Naif Abdullah Al-Dhabi, Mariadhas Valan Arasu, Kasinathan Irukatla Damodharan, Kuppuswamy Elumalai
In recent decades, several scientists focused their process towards nanoparticles synthesis by using various sustainable approaches. Cocos nucifera (C. nucifera) was one of the versatile trees in tropical regions which also can act as a thrust quencher in all over the world. Cocos nucifera coir was one of the waste by-products in all coconut-refining industries and with the help C. nucifera coir, Palladium nanoparticles (Pd NPs) were synthesized. Green-synthesized spherical-shape Pd NPs were over layered by secondary metabolites from C...
December 1, 2016: Artificial Cells, Nanomedicine, and Biotechnology
Laura Terraneo, Paola Bianciardi, Ashok Malavalli, Gnel Mkrtchyan, Stephanie N Spann, Jeff Lohman, Michele Samaja, Kim D Vandegriff
Haemoglobin (Hb)-based oxygen carriers are under consideration as oxygen therapeutics. Their effect on apoptosis is critical, because the onset of pro-apoptotic pathways may lead to tissue damage. MP4OX, a polyethylene glycol-conjugated human Hb preserves the baseline level of neuron apoptosis with respect to sham. Here we develop a method for measuring Hb extravasation in brain. We exchange transfused rats by haemorrhaging 50% of their blood with simultaneous, isovolemic replacement with Hextend (negative control), MP4OX, or αα-cross-linked Hb...
December 1, 2016: Artificial Cells, Nanomedicine, and Biotechnology
Thangavel Shanmugasundaram, Ramasamy Balagurunathan
The present study describes the synthesis of zinc oxide nanoparticles (ZnO-NPs) using an extremophilic actinobacterial cell-free extract, supplied with aqueous zinc acetate solution. Crystalline nature, morphological features, and polydispersed nanoparticles size (15-30 nm) were identified by X-ray diffraction (XRD), atomic force and electron microscopic analysis with dynamic light scattering (DLS) study. The interaction between biomolecules and ZnO-NPs was analyzed using Fourier transform infra-red spectroscopy (FT-IR)...
November 30, 2016: Artificial Cells, Nanomedicine, and Biotechnology
Pooja Moteriya, Sumitra Chanda
Caesalpinia pulcherrima flower extract mediated synthesis of silver nanoparticles was attempted in the present work including optimization of some procedure parameters. Characterization of synthesized silver nanoparticles was done by various spectral analyses. The size of synthesized silver nanoparticles was 12 nm and they were spherical in shape. The green synthesized silver nanoparticles were further evaluated for antimicrobial, antioxidant, cytotoxic, and genotoxic activities; they showed good antimicrobial, antioxidant, and cytotoxic effects...
November 30, 2016: Artificial Cells, Nanomedicine, and Biotechnology
Elham Zakerzadeh, Effat Alizadeh, Hossein Samadi Kafil, Azad Mohammad Hassanzadeh, Roya Salehi, Mehrdad Mahkam
Here a novel antibacterial nanocomposite was developed for combination cancer therapy. The synthesized nanocarrier was characterized by FTIR, (1)H NMR, thermogravimetric analysis (TGA), and FESEM-EDX. Its antibacterial activity was assessed by determining minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) values. Doxorubicin (DOX) and methotrexate (MTX) conjugation with nanocarrier sustained the release of both drugs with apparent pH-triggered manner. Co-administration of DOX with MTX leads to an efficient anticancer performance to MCF7 cell lines verified by qRT-PCR and MTT assay tests...
November 29, 2016: Artificial Cells, Nanomedicine, and Biotechnology
Behzad Mansoori, Ali Mohammadi, Neda Shajari, Sadaf Davudian, Shima Salehi, Behzad Baradaran
Despite using lots of progression in hypersensitivity, it is not yet a cure. Current treatment for allergy focuses on two approaches, including treats only the symptoms of allergy by utilizing drugs and the other is desensitization therapy (immunotherapy), which involves administration of specific allergens. The main obstacle to hypersensitivity permanent treatment is the IgE producing subclass of B-lymphocytes which is the source of IgE- producing in hypersensitive patients. Removal of these lymphocytes causes noticeable reduction in the levels of IgE and allergic responses significantly...
November 29, 2016: Artificial Cells, Nanomedicine, and Biotechnology
Fengqiang Wang, Yan Wang, Qingzhu Ma, Yuan Cao, Bo Yu
The present study was designed to investigate the tumor-targeting potential of gemcitabine (GEM)-loaded surface-tailored chitosan (CS)/poly (ethylene glycol) nanoparticles (FA-PEG-GEM-NPs). The nanoparticles encapsulated with GEM were prepared, characterized, and tethered with folic acid. The developed formulations were characterized with respect to particle size/poly-dispersity index, shape, and zeta potential analysis. The in vitro study shows the sustained drug-release kinetics during 48 h. The present result shows remarkable cytotoxicity rendered by GEM when delivered through FA-PEG-GEM-NPs formulation...
November 29, 2016: Artificial Cells, Nanomedicine, and Biotechnology
Prasanna Raju Y, Hyndavi N, Harini Chowdary V, Rajesh S Nair, Jamal Basha D, Tejeswari N
Research was aimed on microemulsion-based hydrogel for voriconazole. Oleic acid and isopropyl myristate as lipid phases; tween 20: tween 80 as surfactants and PEG600 as cosurfactant were selected to formulate voriconazole microemulsions. The promising microemulsions in terms of zeta potential, pH, viscosity, and drug release were selected and developed into hydrogels using carbopol 934. Resulting microemulsion-based hydrogel (MBH) of voriconazole were evaluated for in vitro diffusion and ex vivo permeation...
November 25, 2016: Artificial Cells, Nanomedicine, and Biotechnology
Eilleen S Y Ao-Ieong, Alexander Williams, Vivek Jani, Pedro Cabrales
Hemorrhage impairs myocardial contractile function and decreases oxygen delivery. This study investigates how polymerized bovine hemoglobin (PolyHb) solutions affect cardiac function after resuscitation from hemorrhagic shock (HS). Hamsters were hemorrhaged and resuscitated with PolyHb at 8.5 g/dL and 11.5 g/dL. Left ventricle (LV) function was assessed during shock and resuscitation using a miniaturize conductance catheter. PolyHb resuscitation had no beneficial effects in cardiac function; it increased cardiac afterload and systemic vascular resistance (SVR) of 46 and 116% for 8...
November 24, 2016: Artificial Cells, Nanomedicine, and Biotechnology
Hatem Fouad, Li Hongjie, Ding Yanmei, Yu Baoting, Ahmed El-Shakh, Ghulam Abbas, Mo Jianchu
Culex pipiens pallens are the most common mosquito's vector in Asia. In order to protect the people from diseases, the anti-mosquito population is necessary that uses safe and new bio-pesticides such as bacteria-AgNPs. In our report, we used two kinds of bacteria to synthesize silver nanoparticles to examine the toxic effect on the larvae and pupae of Cx. pipiens pallens and also used as antimicrobial activity. The biosynthesis of AgNPs and its characterization was carried out by UV-Vis spectrophotometry, FTIR, TEM, SEM, and EDX...
November 18, 2016: Artificial Cells, Nanomedicine, and Biotechnology
Ceren Atila Dinçer, Nuray Yildiz, Ayşe Karakeçili, Nihal Aydoğan, Ayla Çalimli
Magnetic nanocomposites (Fe3O4-MPTMS-PLGA) were synthesized by single oil emulsion method and characterized by transmission electron microscopy (TEM), X-Ray diffraction (XRD), and vibrating sample magnetometer (VSM). Particle size of nanocomposites was between 117 nm and 246 nm. High performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) was used to investigate drug loading (paclitaxel, PTX) and release from Fe3O4-MPTMS-PLGA-PTX nanocomposites. The percentages of drug loading and encapsulation efficiency onto nanocomposites were found as 7...
November 18, 2016: Artificial Cells, Nanomedicine, and Biotechnology
Priyanka Singh, Hina Singh, Sungeun Ahn, Verónica Castro-Aceituno, Zuly Jiménez, Shakina Yesmin Simu, Yeon Ju Kim, Deok Chun Yang
Previously, we showed the rapid and eco-friendly synthesis of gold and silver nanoparticles within 3 and 45 min by fresh leaves extract of herbal medicinal plant Panax ginseng. In addition, we characterized the nanoparticles in terms of shape, size, morphology and stability by FE-TEM, EDX, elemental mapping, SEAD, XRD and particles size analysis. In addition of this, we showed their antimicrobial, anti-coagulant, and biofilm inhibition activity of nanoparticles. Continuing our previous study, here we highlight the further characterization and biomedical applications of P...
November 18, 2016: Artificial Cells, Nanomedicine, and Biotechnology
Jayamanti Pandit, Yasmin Sultana, Mohd Aqil
In several ocular diseases, the vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) level has been found to be upregulated. Bevacizumab, an anti-VEGF drug, is the most commonly used off level drug for these conditions. Delivery of drug to the posterior site is desired for the effective management of these diseases. The present study was to develop and optimize the chitosan (CS)-coated poly(lactide-co-glycolic acid) (PLGA) nanoparticles (NPs) of bevacizumab for sustained and effective delivery to posterior ocular tissues...
November 18, 2016: Artificial Cells, Nanomedicine, and Biotechnology
Mahesh P More, Mahendra D Patil, Abhijeet P Pandey, Pravin O Patil, Prashant K Deshmukh
The present investigation deals with synthesis of graphene oxide (GO) and fabrication of GO-based hybrid nanocomposites (Ncs). Synthesized GO and Ncs were primarily confirmed by UV visible and Fourier transform infrared (FT-IR) spectroscopy. Fabricated Ncs showed potential antimicrobial activity against Gram-positive and Gram-negative bacterial strains. Surface morphology, Elemental analysis, and FTIR imaging analysis were carried out to confirm Ncs formation. The Ncs were impregnated into the pullulan polymeric layer-by-layer (LbL) ultrathin film by using novel spin-coating approach...
November 16, 2016: Artificial Cells, Nanomedicine, and Biotechnology
P Sowndarya, G Ramkumar, M S Shivakumar
Mosquitoes are major vectors for the transmission of many diseases like chikungunya, malaria, dengue, zika, etc. worldwide. In the present study, selenium nanoparticles (SeNPs) were synthesized from Clausena dentata and were tested for their larvicidal efficacy against the fourth-instar larvae of Anopheles stephensi, Aedes Aegypti, and Culex quinquefasciatus. The synthesized nanoparticles were characterized using UV-Vis spectroscopy, Fourier Transform Infrared Radiation (FTIR) spectroscopy, EDaX, and SEM. The results recorded from UV-Vis spectroscopy show the peak absorption spectrum at 420 nm...
November 10, 2016: Artificial Cells, Nanomedicine, and Biotechnology
Emine Oksuzoglu, Tugba Ertan-Bolelli, Hatice Can, Mehtap Tarhan, Kamile Ozturk, Ilkay Yildiz
We previously synthesized some novel benzoxazole derivatives-containing sulfonamide. In this study, the compounds were investigated for their antitumor activities against the HL-60 human leukemia cells, using the MTT assay. Moreover, quantum chemical calculations using the DFT methods were applied for understanding the difference in antitumor activity. Additionally, molecular docking into active site of the DNA Topo II enzyme was performed on 3QX3. PDB file in order to find out possible mechanism of antitumor effect...
November 10, 2016: Artificial Cells, Nanomedicine, and Biotechnology
Muhammad Rafique, Iqra Sadaf, M Shahid Rafique, M Bilal Tahir
Development of reliable and eco-accommodating methods for the synthesis of nanoparticles is a vital step in the field of nanotechnology. Silver nanoparticles are important because of their exceptional chemical, physical, and biological properties, and hence applications. In the last decade, numerous efforts were made to develop green methods of synthesis to avoid the hazardous byproducts. This review describes the methods of green synthesis for Ag-NPs and their numerous applications. It also describes the comparison of efficient synthesis methods via green routes over physical and chemical methods, which provide strong evidence for the selection of suitable method for the synthesis of Ag-NPs...
November 8, 2016: Artificial Cells, Nanomedicine, and Biotechnology
Muhammad Imran, Muhammad Raza Shah, Farhat Ullah, Shafi Ullah, Abdul Sadiq, Imdad Ali, Farid Ahmed, Waqas Nawaz
Novel, safe, efficient, and cost effective surfactants from renewable resources has attracted attention for enhancing solubility and bioavailability of hydrophobic dugs. We report the synthesis, characterization, and biocompatibility of a novel non-ionic acyl glycoside double-tailed surfactant for niosomal drug delivery system. Structure of the surfactant was confirmed by (1)H NMR and mass spectroscopy. Applications of surfactant in niosomal drug delivery were explored using Cefixime as model. The shape, size, and polydispersity index (PDI) of drug loaded vesicles were investigated with atomic force microscope (AFM) and dynamic light scattering (DLS)...
November 8, 2016: Artificial Cells, Nanomedicine, and Biotechnology
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