journal
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Alcohol Research: Current Reviews

journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27295724/alcohol-use-among-special-populations
#1
EDITORIAL
Mary E Larimer, Judith A Arroyo
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2016: Alcohol Research: Current Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27163368/biology-genetics-and-environment-underlying-factors-influencing-alcohol-metabolism
#2
REVIEW
Tamara L Wall, Susan E Luczak, Susanne Hiller-Sturmhöfel
Gene variants encoding several of the alcohol-metabolizing enzymes, alcohol dehydrogenase (ADH) and aldehyde dehydrogenase (ALDH), are among the largest genetic associations with risk for alcohol dependence. Certain genetic variants (i.e., alleles)--particularly the ADH1B*2, ADH1B*3, ADH1C*1, and ALDH2*2 alleles--have been associated with lower rates of alcohol dependence. These alleles may lead to an accumulation of acetaldehyde during alcohol metabolism, which can result in heightened subjective and objective effects...
2016: Alcohol Research: Current Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27159820/nature-and-treatment-of-comorbid-alcohol-problems-and-post-traumatic-stress-disorder-among-american-military-personnel-and-veterans
#3
REVIEW
John P Allen, Eric F Crawford, Harold Kudler
Many service members and veterans seeking treatment for alcohol problems also have post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). This article considers the effectiveness of treating alcohol problems and PTSD simultaneously. The authors begin by summarizing the extent of excessive alcohol use among military service members and veterans. They then explore the relationship between combat exposure and subsequent alcohol use; identify and briefly describe evidence-based treatments for alcohol problems and PTSD, separately; and review research on the effects of single treatments for both PTSD symptoms and alcohol use...
2016: Alcohol Research: Current Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27159819/the-influence-of-gender-and-sexual-orientation-on-alcohol-use-and-alcohol-related-problems-toward-a-global-perspective
#4
REVIEW
Tonda L Hughes, Sharon C Wilsnack, Lori Wolfgang Kantor
Although there are wide differences in alcohol use patterns among countries, men are consistently more likely than women to be drinkers and to drink heavily. Studies of alcohol use among sexual minorities (SMs), however, reflect a more complex picture. Such research has found higher rates of alcohol use and alcohol-related problems among SM persons than among heterosexuals and greater differences between SM and heterosexual women than between SM and heterosexual men. A variety of factors may contribute to differences in alcohol use and alcohol-related problems between men and women and between SM and heterosexual people...
2016: Alcohol Research: Current Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27159818/drinking-over-the-lifespan-focus-on-older-adults
#5
REVIEW
Kristen L Barry, Frederic C Blow
A substantial and growing number of older adults misuse alcohol. The emerging literature on the "Baby Boom" cohort, which is now reaching older adulthood, indicates that they are continuing to use alcohol at a higher rate than previous older generations. The development and refinement of techniques to address these problems and provide early intervention services will be crucial to meeting the needs of this growing population. This review provides background on the extent of alcohol misuse among older adults, including the Baby Boom cohort that has reached age 65, the consequences of misuse, physiological changes related to alcohol use, guidelines for alcohol use, methods for screening and early interventions, and treatment outcomes...
2016: Alcohol Research: Current Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27159817/drinking-over-the-lifespan-focus-on-college-ages
#6
REVIEW
Jennifer E Merrill, Kate B Carey
Many college students drink heavily and experience myriad associated negative consequences. This review suggests that a developmental perspective can facilitate a better understanding of college drinking. Specifically, using an emerging adulthood framework that considers the ongoing role of parents and neurodevelopmental processes can provide insight into why students drink. Most college students drink and tend to drink more and more heavily than their non-college-attending peers. These drinking patterns are affected by environmental and temporal characteristics specific to the college environment, including residential campus living, the academic week, and the academic year...
2016: Alcohol Research: Current Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27159816/drinking-over-the-lifespan-focus-on-early-adolescents-and-youth
#7
REVIEW
Michael Windle
Historical trends in alcohol use among U.S. adolescents, as well as data regarding alcohol-related traffic fatalities among youth, indicate decreases in alcohol use. Nevertheless, alcohol use patterns still indicate high rates of binge drinking and drunkenness and the co-occurrence of alcohol use among youth with risky sexual activity, illicit substance use, and poor school performance. This article discusses unique elements of alcohol use among adolescents relative to adults that pose risks for alcohol misuse and alcohol-related problems...
2016: Alcohol Research: Current Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27159815/associations-between-socioeconomic-factors-and-alcohol-outcomes
#8
REVIEW
Susan E Collins
Socioeconomic status (SES) is one of the many factors influencing a person's alcohol use and related outcomes. Findings have indicated that people with higher SES may consume similar or greater amounts of alcohol compared with people with lower SES, although the latter group seems to bear a disproportionate burden of negative alcohol-related consequences. These associations are further complicated by a variety of moderating factors, such as race, ethnicity, and gender. Thus, among individuals with lower SES, members of further marginalized communities, such as racial and ethnic minorities and homeless individuals, experience greater alcohol-related consequences...
2016: Alcohol Research: Current Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27159814/alcohol-use-and-related-problems-along-the-united-states-mexico-border
#9
REVIEW
Britain A Mills, Raul Caetano
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2016: Alcohol Research: Current Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27159813/alcohol-use-patterns-among-urban-and-rural-residents-demographic-and-social-influences
#10
REVIEW
Mark A Dixon, Karen G Chartier
Rates of alcohol use and alcohol use disorder (AUD) vary with geographic location. Research on risks for AUD associated with living in a rural versus urban setting is complicated by the varied systems used to classify geographic location. Studies comparing the prevalence of heavier or binge drinking and AUD based on a dichotomous urban/rural classification have mixed findings when compared with those using more detailed urban-to-rural categories. In addition, urban/rural residence interacts with other demographic factors such as age, U...
2016: Alcohol Research: Current Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27159812/religious-affiliation-and-spiritual-practices-an-examination-of-the-role-of-spirituality-in-alcohol-use-and-alcohol-use-disorder
#11
REVIEW
Katie Witkiewitz, Elizabeth McCallion, Megan Kirouac
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2016: Alcohol Research: Current Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27159811/advances-in-substance-abuse-prevention-and-treatment-interventions-among-racial-ethnic-and-sexual-minority-populations
#12
REVIEW
Arthur W Bloom
Substance abuse research among racial, ethnic, and sexual minority populations historically has lagged behind that conducted with majority samples. However, interesting and potentially important advances in prevention, brief interventions, and treatment have been made in the last few years, at least among some minority populations, such as American Indian youth. New prevention efforts have focused on point-of-sale interventions for alcohol, as well as on family-unit interventions designed with subpopulation cultural values in mind...
2016: Alcohol Research: Current Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27159810/social-and-cultural-contexts-of-alcohol-use-influences-in-a-social-ecological-framework
#13
REVIEW
May Sudhinaraset, Christina Wigglesworth, David T Takeuchi
Alcohol use and misuse account for 3.3 million deaths every year, or 6 percent of all deaths worldwide. The harmful effects of alcohol misuse are far reaching and range from individual health risks, morbidity, and mortality to consequences for family, friends, and the larger society. This article reviews a few of the cultural and social influences on alcohol use and places individual alcohol use within the contexts and environments where people live and interact. It includes a discussion of macrolevel factors, such as advertising and marketing, immigration and discrimination factors, and how neighborhoods, families, and peers influence alcohol use...
2016: Alcohol Research: Current Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27159809/recent-developments-in-alcohol-services-research-on-access-to-care
#14
REVIEW
Laura A Schmidt
In the United States, only about 10 percent of people with an alcohol or drug use disorder receive care for the condition, pointing to a large treatment gap. Several personal characteristics influence whether a person will receive treatment; additionally, many people with an alcohol use disorder do not perceive the need for treatment. The extent of the treatment gap differs somewhat across different population subgroups, such as those based on gender, age, or race and ethnicity. Recent health care reforms, such as implementation of the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act of 2010, likely will improve access to substance abuse treatment...
2016: Alcohol Research: Current Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27159808/under-researched-demographics-heavy-episodic-drinking-and-alcohol-related-problems-among-asian-americans
#15
REVIEW
Derek Kenji Iwamoto, Aylin Kaya, Margaux Grivel, Lauren Clinton
Asian Americans represent the fastest- growing population in the United States (Le 2010). At the same time, there is evidence that problematic drinking rates are increasing among young-adult Asian Americans (Grant et al. 2004). Accordingly, it is essential to understand the etiological determinants and mechanisms of risk that may help explain this growth in problematic alcohol use among this group. The high prevalence of the ALDH2*2 and ADH1B*2 alleles in a large percentage of Asian subgroups has been studied as a potential protective factors against alcohol abuse, yet some individuals who possess these genes still engage in problematic alcohol use (Wall et al...
2016: Alcohol Research: Current Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27159807/alcohol-consumption-in-demographic-subpopulations-an-epidemiologic-overview
#16
REVIEW
Erin Delker, Qiana Brown, Deborah S Hasin
Alcohol consumption is common across subpopulations in the United States. However, the health burden associated with alcohol consumption varies across groups, including those defined by demographic characteristics such as age, race/ ethnicity, and gender. Large national surveys, such as the National Epidemiologic Survey on Alcohol and Related Conditions and the National Survey on Drug Use and Health, found that young adults ages 18-25 were at particularly high risk of alcohol use disorder and unintentional injury caused by drinking...
2016: Alcohol Research: Current Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26717583/macrophages-and-alcohol-related-liver-inflammation
#17
REVIEW
Cynthia Ju, Pranoti Mandrekar
Recent studies have suggested that macrophages have a critical role in the development of alcohol-induced inflammation in the liver. To define the precise pathogenic function of these cells during alcoholic liver disease (ALD), it is extremely important to conduct extensive studies in clinical settings that further elucidate the phenotypic diversity of macrophages In the context of ALD. Research to date already has identified several characteristics of macrophages that underlie the cells' actions, including macrophage polarization and their phenotypic diversity...
2015: Alcohol Research: Current Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26695756/primer-on-the-immune-system
#18
REVIEW
Martin J Spiering
The human body regularly encounters and combats many pathogenic organisms and toxic molecules. Its ensuing responses to these disease-causing agents involve two interrelated systems: innate immunity and adaptive (or acquired) immunity. Innate immunity is active at several levels, both at potential points of entry and inside the body (see figure). For example, the skin represents a physical barrier preventing pathogens from invading internal tissues. Digestive enzymes destroy microbes that enter the stomach with food...
2015: Alcohol Research: Current Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26695755/alcohol-s-effect-on-host-defense
#19
REVIEW
Gyongyi Szabo, Banishree Saha
Alcohol affects many organs, including the immune system, with even moderate amounts of alcohol influencing immune responses. Although alcohol can alter the actions of all cell populations involved in the innate and adaptive immune responses, the effect in many cases is a subclinical immunosuppression that becomes clinically relevant only after a secondary insult (e.g., bacterial or viral infection or other tissue damage). Alcohol's specific effects on the innate immune system depend on the pattern of alcohol exposure, with acute alcohol inhibiting and chronic alcohol accelerating inflammatory responses...
2015: Alcohol Research: Current Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26695754/neuroimmune-function-and-the-consequences-of-alcohol-exposure
#20
REVIEW
Fulton T Crews, Dipak K Sarkar, Liya Qin, Jian Zou, Nadka Boyadjieva, Ryan P Vetreno
Induction of neuroimmune genes by binge drinking increases neuronal excitability and oxidative stress, contributing to the neurobiology of alcohol dependence and causing neurodegeneration. Ethanol exposure activates signaling pathways featuring high-mobility group box 1 and Toll-like receptor 4 (TLR4), resulting in induction of the transcription factor nuclear factor kappa-light-chain-enhancer of activated B cells, which regulates expression of several cytokine genes involved in innate immunity, and its target genes...
2015: Alcohol Research: Current Reviews
journal
journal
44162
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"