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Annals of Parasitology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29717578/expression-on-hypoxia-inducible-factor-1%C3%AE-in-human-tegumentary-leishmaniosis-caused-by-leishmania-braziliensis
#1
Francisca Janaina Soares Rocha, Caroline Louise Diniz Pereira, Fabio Lopes de Melo, Cynthia Regina Pedrosa Soares, Silvania Tavares Paz, Selma Giorgio
Several immune markers have been studied in controlling American tegumentary leishmaniosis based on mouse models. However, there is a lack of studies regarding human tegumentary leishmaniosis caused by Leishmania braziliensis. In this study, hypoxia-inducible factor-1α was found to be an important effector element in the localized control of human cutaneous and mucocutaneous lesions.
2018: Annals of Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29717577/cryptosporidiosis-in-a-fire-skink-lepidothyris-fernandi-and-molecular-identification-of-infecting-species
#2
Adekunle B. Ayinmode, Victor I. Agbajelola
Cryptosporidiosis is an infectious protozoan disease that affects a wide range of animals including reptiles. This is the first report of cryptosporidiosis in a fire skink (Lepidothyris fernandi), an insectivorous reptile commonly found in tropical West Africa. Faecal sample was collected from a fire skink at necropsy for the detection of parasites by faecal sedimentation method, Ziehl-Neelsen (ZN) acid-fast staining, Nested Polymerase Chain Reaction (PCR) and Nucleotide sequencing. Sections of the intestines were also processed for histopathology...
2018: Annals of Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29717576/helminth-parasites-of-stone-marten-martes-foina-in-central-portugal
#3
Ana Figueiredo, Lucia Oliveira, Luís Madeira de Carvalho, Carlos Fonseca, Rita Tinoco Torres
The stone marten (Martes foina) is one of the most common species of marten in Europe. Due to increased urbanization and forest degradation, it is now often found in urban habitats, which increased the possibility of parasites transmission between wildlife-domestic animals and humans. Our preliminary study of this mustelid in Portugal, aimed to assess prevalence of helminths. Six helminth parasites were found (Crenosoma vulpis, Angiostrongylus sp., Toxocara sp., Toxascaris leonina, Ancylostomatidae and Strongyloides sp...
2018: Annals of Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29717575/the-in-vitro-effect-of-ferula-asafoetida-and-allium-sativum-extracts-on-strongylus-spp
#4
Mousa Tavassoli, Ghader Jalilzadeh-Amin, Vahid R. Besharati Fard, Rahim Esfandiarpour
The high incidence of equine gastrointestinal worms and their increased resistance against anthelmintics has encouraged research into the effectiveness of rational phytotherapy. This study investigates the in vitro anti-parasitic effects of extracts of Ferula asafoetida and Allium sativum, two native plants that are widespread in Iran on Strongylus spp. larvae. Faecal samples were collected from horses, examined by routine parasitology methods and positive samples were used for future examination. After incubation, the third-stage larvae were harvested by the Baermann technique...
2018: Annals of Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29717574/efficacy-and-tolerability-of-artesunate-amodiaquine-versus-artemether-lumefantrine-in-the-treatment-of-uncomplicated-plasmodium-falciparum-malaria-at-two-sentinel-sites-across-c%C3%A3-te-d%C3%A2-ivore
#5
Abibatou Konaté, Pulchérie Christiane Marie Barro-Kiki, Kpongbo Etienne Angora, Akoua Valérie Bédia-Tanoh, Vincent Djohan, Kondo Fulgence Kassi, Henriette Vanga-Bosson, Assohoun Jean Sébastien Miézan, Serge Brice Assi, Eby Ignace Hervé Menan, William Yavo
Malaria remains a major public health problem in Côte d’Ivoire. The aim of this study is to compare the efficacy and tolerability of artesunate-amodiaquine (ASAQ) versus artemether-lumefantrine (AL) for the treatment of uncomplicated malaria, at two malaria surveillance sites in Côte d’Ivoire. The World Health Organization 2003 protocol was used for this multicenter open randomized clinical trial with a 42-day follow-up. We recruited 240 patients (120 per arm), of whom 114 (ASAQ group) and 112 (AL group) were fully followed-up...
2018: Annals of Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29717573/a-four-year-epidemiological-and-chemotherapy-survey-of-babesiosis-and-theileriosis-and-tick-vectors-in-sheep-cattle-and-goats-in-dehgolan-iran
#6
Seyed Sajjad Hasheminasab, Parwiz Moradi, Ian Wright
Babesia and Theileria are two protozoa belonging to the phylum Apicomplexa, which result in babesiosis and theileriosis in different hosts, cause considerable problems in domestic animals and as a consequence economic losses. These two diseases are transmitted by ticks. This survey was carried out due to the lack of studies and information regarding tick vectors and Theileria and Babesia species in the Dehgolan area of Iran, which is a center of agriculture and animal holding industry. This study was conducted during a four-year period, between 2012 and 2016...
2018: Annals of Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29716185/prevalence-of-cerebral-toxoplasmosis-among-slaughtered-sheep-in-semnan-iran
#7
Golam Reza Siyami Gorji, Maryam Rassouli, Hamid Staji
Toxoplasmosis is a zoonotic disease caused by Toxoplasma gondii. Felids are definitive hosts and all warm-blooded animals can be intermediate hosts. Some animals such as sheep, goats and pigs are sensitive to infection. In sheep production systems, toxoplamosis can cause abortion and economic loss. In public health, this disease can be transmitted to humans by the consumption of undercooked infected meat or other organs. In this study, T. gondii DNA was detected by B1 gene amplification in 140 randomly-selected brains of slaughtered sheep in Semnan, Iran...
2018: Annals of Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29716183/investigating-in-vitro-anti-leishmanial-effects-of-silibinin-and-silymarin-on-leishmania-major
#8
Roghiyeh Faridnia, Hamed Kalani, Mahdi Fakhar, Javad Akhtari
Cutaneous leishmaniosis is an important zoonotic disease caused by various Leishmania species. The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of silibinin and silymarin on the in vitro growth and proliferation of promastigotes and amastigotes of Leishmania major compared to glucantime-treated parasites. The promastigotes and amastigotes of this parasite were treated with the two drugs, silibinin and silymarin, in several concentrations (25–100 μM). The highest effect on promastigotes was for silymarin in concentration of 100 μM with 90% and 91% death rate at hours 48 and 72, respectively...
2018: Annals of Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29716182/molecular-characterization-of-theileria-equi-infection-in-horse-populations-belonging-to-west-azerbaijan-iran-insights-into-the-importance-of-equine-merozoite-antigen-ema-1-in-its-diagnosis
#9
Mansour Ebrahimi, Keivan Adinehbeigi, Hossein Hamidinejat, Mohammad Reza Tabandeh
The major agent of equine piroplasmosis (EP), Theileria equi, contributes to significant losses in the equine industry. This study was designed to evaluate T. equi infection among horses from West Azerbaijan by microscopy and molecular approaches. One hundred and twenty six blood samples were collected from the jugular vein and placed in sterile tubes containing EDTA; these tubes were either used immediately for blood smears or stored at –20°C for later examination by PCR. T. equi was detected in 3.2% and 27...
2018: Annals of Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29716181/the-impact-of-fetal-load-of-hirudo-verbana-saline-extract-antigens-on-morphometrical-hematological-and-immunological-parameters-of-rats-in-the-early-stages-of-post-embryonic-development
#10
Ruslan F Aminov, Aleksandr K Frolov
The aim of the study was to determine the immunostimulatory effect of antigens from saline extract of the medicinal leech on the morphometric parameters of the body and major immunogenic organs of rats. Wild-type female rats were administered medicinal leech saline extract antigens intraperitoneally two weeks before and two weeks after mating (in total four injections). The offspring were examined, as were the mothers after feeding the offspring, at 1, 15, 30, 60 days after birth. The morphometric parameters of the animals were recorded...
2018: Annals of Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29716180/current-knowledge-about-aelurostrongylus-abstrusus-biology-and-diagnostic
#11
Tatyana V Moskvina
Feline aelurostrongylosis, caused by the lungworm Aelurostrongylus abstrusus, is a parasitic disease with veterinary importance. The female hatches her eggs in the bronchioles and alveolar ducts, where the larva develop into adult worms. L1 larvae and adult nematodes cause pathological changes, typically inflammatory cell infiltrates in the bronchi and the lung parenchyma. The level of infection can range from asymptomatic to the presence of severe symptoms and may be fatal for cats. Although coprological and molecular diagnostic methods are useful for A...
2018: Annals of Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29420876/lord-ernest-jackson-lawson-soulsby-1926%C3%A2-2017-%C3%A2-pro-memoria
#12
Zbigniew S. Pawłowski
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2017: Annals of Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29420875/an-uncommon-manifestation-of-a-common-disease
#13
Giselle Dsilva, Vrinda Kulkarni, Sangeeta Aher
Neurocysticercosis is the common parasitic disease of the central nervous system. One of the uncommon manifestations and a rare complication is its disseminated form. Human cysticercosis is caused by the spreading of the embryo of Taenia solium in the intestine via the hepatoportal system to different tissues and internal organs of the body. The organs most commonly affected are the subcutaneous tissue, skeletal muscles, lungs, brain, eyes, liver, and occasionally the heart, thyroid, and pancreas. We report a case of a 62 year old male, who has been presented, with seizures and subcutaneous nodules on both extremities...
2017: Annals of Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29420874/occurrence-of-ticks-parasitiformes-ixodida-amblyommidae-on-the-skin-of-african-buffalo-syncerus-caffer-sparrman-1779-mammalia-artiodactyla-originating-from-an-area-of-the-republic-of-south-africa
#14
Łukasz Mierzyński, Joanna N. Izdebska, Leszek Rolbiecki, Zbigniew Zawada
Most ticks of the genus Amblyomma and Rhipicephalus are typical ectoparasites of bovine. However, information about survival in different environmental conditions or coexistence of different species is lacking. Amblyomma hebraeum Koch, 1844, Rhipicephalus appendiculatus Neumann, 1901 and R. maculatus Neumann, 1901 were found in the skin (fixed in the salt) of an African buffalo Syncerus caffer (Sparrman, 1779), brought to Poland from the Republic of South Africa. Most of the ticks were still alive during their collection...
2017: Annals of Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29420873/pathomorphology-of-the-brain-in-the-acute-form-of-african-swine-fever
#15
Zaven A. Karalyan, Mariam A. Sargsyan, Hranush H. Arzumanyan, Armen A. Kotsinyan, Lina H. Hakobyan, Elena M. Karalova, Henrih E. Voskanyan
The brains of 10 infected pigs were examined for histopathology and presence of African swine fever virus (ASFV) DNA ASFV infection induces inflamed meninges, cerebral edema and vascular thrombosis, as well as subdural hematomas. Slight tension in the dura mater, flattening of the gyri and narrowing of the sulci were also observed at four days post infection (dpi). Enlarged perivascular spaces were detected for most vessels of the brain after three to four dpi. Considerable lymphocytic infiltration of the brain tissue was observed at the terminal stage of disease...
2017: Annals of Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29420872/in-vivo-confocal-microscopy-and-in-vitro-culture-techniques-as-tools-for-evaluation-of-severe-acanthamoeba-keratitis-incidents
#16
Marcin Padzik, Jacek P. Szaflik, Wanda Baltaza, Konrad Perkowski, Monika Dybicz, Lidia Chomicz
Amphizoic amoebae belonging to the genus Acanthamoeba are known as etiological agents of sight-threatening Acanthamoeba keratitis. The leading risk factor for the development of this serious human disease is contact lens wearing which popularity increases worldwide, also in Poland. The disease with active epithelial inflammations, corneal ulcers, including loss of the visual acuity is a serious medical problem as an emerging threat for the public health related to improper contact lens hygiene. The treatment of the amoebic keratitis is difficult, often unsuccessful due to delayed proper diagnosis...
2017: Annals of Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29420871/the-in-vitro-activity-of-selected-mouthrinses-on-standard-strains-of-fungi
#17
Jakub Moroz, Piotr Kurnatowski
An oral cavity hygiene plays a key role in prophylactic and therapeutic measures to prevent pathological changes caused by different viruses, bacteria, fungi and protozoa. It is important to maintain proper oral hygiene and assist the removal of potent pathogens; use of the mouthrinses can be one of method providing to these goal. The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of selected mouthrinses on the standard strains of Candida presented in the oral cavity. Eight reference strains of fungi were investigated: C...
2017: Annals of Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29419995/detection-of-plasmodium-falciparum-chloroquine-resistance-transporter-pfcrt-mutant-gene-amongst-malaria-infected-pregnant-women-in-calabar-nigeria
#18
Bernard Ekpan Monjol, Monday Francis Useh
Chemotherapy is the mainstay in malaria control and management. For some time, chloroquine (CQ) was a drug of choice for the treatment of malaria. It was effective against all forms of malaria, cheap and readily available. The increased resistance of malaria parasites to CQ led to widespread abandonment of the drug in African and Asian countries on the prompting of the World Health Organization. Currently, artemisinin-based combination therapy is the gold standard for the treatment of malaria. This study investigates the presence of the Plasmodium falciparum Chloroquine Resistance Transporter (PfCRT) mutant gene, a molecular marker responsible for CQ resistance in malaria parasites...
2017: Annals of Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29419992/the-first-reported-case-of-resistance-of-gastrointestinal-nematodes-to-benzimidazole-anthelmintic-in-goats-in-poland
#19
Marcin Mickiewicz, Michał Czopowicz, Paweł Górski, Jarosław Kaba
Fecal egg count reduction (FECR) test with albendazole and egg hatch test (EHT) with thiabendazole (TBZ) were performed in a dairy goat herd suspected of anthelmintic resistance to benzimidazoles. The herd had been regularly dewormed with fenbendazole for 5 previous years and despite that it remained infected with several species of gastrointestinal nematodes (Trichostrongylus colubriformis, Teladorsagia circumcincta, and Haemonchus contortus). Albendazole was administered per os at dose of 20 mg/kg to 10 goats (treated group), while 10 other goats remained untreated (control group)...
2017: Annals of Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29419989/prevalence-of-babesiosis-babesia-bovis-and-babesia-bigemina-in-cattle-and-water-buffalo-in-nueva-ecija-philippines-using-nested-polymerase-chain-reaction
#20
Princess Charmaine T. Herrera, Victoria V. Viloria, Michelle M. Balbin, Claro N. Mingala
The study was conducted to determine the prevalence of Babesia bovis and Babesia bigemina infection in blood samples of cattle and water buffaloes using nested polymerase chain reaction (nested-PCR). It also aimed to generate a spot map showing areas in Nueva Ecija, the Philippines where B. bovis and B. bigemina were detected. Whole blood samples of cattle (148) and water buffalo (65) were collected for DNA extraction and subsequent nested-PCR to detect B. bovis and B. bigemina. To further confirm and validate the nested-PCR results, three selected positive samples for each B...
2017: Annals of Parasitology
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