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Annals of Parasitology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28802281/high-concordance-of-pfdhfr-and-pfdhps-genotypes-between-matched-peripheral-and-placental-isolates-of-delivered-women-in-bobo-dioulasso-burkina-faso
#1
Mamoudou Cissé, Gordon A. Awandare, Fabrice A. Somé, Marie-Pierre Hayette, Robert T. Guiguemdé
Whether maternal peripheral parasites constitute a representative sample of the overall population infecting the individual, remains unknown in Burkina Faso. We therefore compared Pfdhfr and Pfdhps genotypes between matched peripheral and placental isolates. PCR-restriction fragment length polymorphism (PCR-RFLP) analysis of polymorphic codons of the Pfdhfr gene (51, 59, 108 and 164) and the Pfdhps gene (437 and 540) was performed in 18 matched peripheral and placental dried blood spots of delivered women in Bobo-Dioulasso...
2017: Annals of Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28802280/detection-and-molecular-identification-of-cryptosporidium-species-in-laboratory-rats-rattus-norvegicus-in-ibadan-nigeria
#2
Adekunle Bamidele Ayinmode, Nkeiruka Fortunate Ogbonna, Giovanni Widmer
To study the occurrence of Cryptosporidium infection in laboratory rats (Rattus norvegicus) raised for experimental usage, 134 faecal samples were obtained from two rearing houses in Ibadan and examined for the presence of Cryptosporidium oocyst using the modified acid fast staining technique. Cryptosporidium species in 2 samples positive for microscopy were further characterized by a nested polymerase chain reaction (PCR) amplifying the 18S rRNA gene. Two of 134 samples were positive for the Cryptosporidium oocysts...
2017: Annals of Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28741343/relationships-between-certain-metabolic-diseases-and-selected-serum-biochemical-parameters-in-seropositive-dairy-cows-against-neospora-caninum-infection-in-different-stages-of-lactation
#3
Myassar O. Alekish, Abdelsalam Q Talafha, Musa A Alshehabat, Zuhair A Bani Ismail
Neospora caninum is an important cause of abortion in dairy cattle. The general health of affected cows has not been investigated before. Therefore, the main objective of this study was to identify possible relationships between certain metabolic diseases and selected serum biochemical parameters in seropositive dairy cows against N. caninum antibodies in different stages of lactation. The study was carried out using 72 N. caninum seropositive cows and 61 seronegative dairy cows (control). Serum from all cows was tested to determine their N...
2017: Annals of Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28741342/hygiene-pests-as-vectors-for-parasitic-and-bacterial-diseases-in-humans
#4
Marcin Cholewiński, Monika Derda, Edward Hadaś
Diseases transmitted by hygiene pests remain a very serious problem in spite of fast developments in science and medicine. The present study focuses on pests carrying germs that pose a threat to human health and life. The quick pace of life, the need to satisfy human needs and mass production of food sometimes result in flagrant sanitary, hygienic and epidemiological deficiencies. These irregularities are conducive to hygiene pests, which, when not held in check by proper control measures, may act more efficiently and quickly...
2017: Annals of Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28741341/comments-on-article-%C3%A2-molecular-characterization-and-phylogenetic-analysis-of-microsporidia-and-cryptosporidium-spp-in-patients-with-multiple-bowel-biopsies-from-fars-province-iran%C3%A2
#5
COMMENT
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28741340/a-human-case-of-urogenital-myiasis-caused-by-psychoda-sp-larvae-in-tripoli-libya
#6
Walid K Saadawi, Taher Shaibi, Badereddin B Annajar
Urogenital myiasis caused by Psychoda spp. involving human are very rare and present with unusual symptoms. Larvae belonging to Psychoda sp. (Diptera: Psychodidae) were found in the urogenital tract of a 9-year-old girl, who lives in Tajoura, Libya, and had suffered from genital pruritus and moving larvae in urine. This is the first record of such case in Libya.
2017: Annals of Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28741339/the-enzymes-and-electrolytes-profiles-in-sera-of-iranian-stray-dogs-naturally-infected-with-neospora-caninum
#7
Mohammad Yakhchali, Milad Bahrami, Siamak Asri-Rezaei, Saied Bokaie
The protozoan Neospora caninum (Apicomplexa: Sarcocystidae), respectively infects canids and ruminants as the most definitive and intermediate hosts. A diagnosis of neosporosis is generally made on the basis of clinical signs together with the detection of high levels of antibodies in serum. The present study compares the serum electrolyte profile (Ca, K, Mg, Na, P) and serum enzyme level (ALP, AST, CPK) of non-infected dogs with those of stray dogs naturally infected with N. caninum. The indirect fluorescent antibody test (IFAT) revealed that 17 of the 137 analysed serum samples (12...
2017: Annals of Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28741338/fungi-of-the-genus-rhodotorula-isolated-from-the-oral-cavity-of-oncologic-patients-with-colorectal-cancer
#8
Piotr Troska, Ewa Sucharzewska, Maria Dynowska, Elżbieta Ejdys
This paper concerns the frequency of occurrence and enzymatic activity of fungi of the genus Rhodotorula isolated from the oral cavity of patients with colorectal cancer. Swabs from the oral cavity were subjected to standard mycological diagnostic procedures; enzymatic activity of the fungi was evaluated using and API Zym test by BioMereux. The fungi of the genus Rhodotorula were noted in 22.5% positive isolates originating from women and 25.7% positive isolates originating from men. They included mono-species isolates of: Rh...
2017: Annals of Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28741337/spinturnix-dasycnemi-acari-spinturnicidae-%C3%A2-a-poorly-known-palaearctic-bat-mite-first-records-in-poland-and-morphometric-separation-from-two-other-species-of-the-myoti-group
#9
Konrad Sachanowicz, Mateusz Ciechanowski, Krzysztof Piksa
Spinturnix dasycnemi (Kolenati, 1856), an ectoparasite considered to be specific to rare and local bat species Myotis dasycneme (Boie, 1825), is reported for the first time in the fauna of Poland. Specimens were collected from M. dasycneme at two localities in the north and central parts of the country. In Europe, only two males of that poorly known mite species have been recorded recently from the Netherlands and Slovakia, while spinturnicids from pond bats were identified as S. andegavina and/or S. myoti in most of previous studies...
2017: Annals of Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28601062/molecular-detection-of-neospora-caninum-infection-in-ovine-aborted-foetuses-in-the-mashhad-area-iran
#10
Gholamreza Razmi, Zahra Naseri
N. caninum could cause abortion in small ruminants. The aim of the study was to detect N. caninum infection in ovine aborted foetuses in the Mashhad area by PCR examination. During the period 2009 to 2013, 71 ovine aborted foetuses were collected and their brain samples examined by PCR. Of the 71 brains of the aborted foetuses, N. caninum DNA was detected in seven (9.8%) samples. In conclusion, it seems that N. caninum may act as a causative agent of abortion in sheep in the Mashhad area.
2017: Annals of Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28601061/intestinal-and-external-parasites-of-raccoon-dogs-nyctereutes-procyonoides-in-western-poland
#11
Natalia Osten-Sacken, Anna Słodkowicz-Kowalska, Jarosław Pacoń, Łukasz Skrzypczak, Anna Werner
Parasites of an invasive species, the raccoon dog (Nyctereutes procyonoides) from western Poland were investigated to clarify poorly known ecological key aspects of the species. The research was conducted in two study areas: the Ujście Warty National Park and the Bogdaniec Forestry District. Intestinal samples were collected from the intestinal tracks of 39 dead animals and 51 faecal samples were collected in all seasons from latrines of raccoon dogs. Macro-parasites, their eggs and protozoan parasites were investigated to assess the taxonomic composition of parasites, the level of infection and the risk of potential transfer of dangerous parasites from raccoon dogs to people and native species...
2017: Annals of Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28601059/endoparasites-of-eurasian-lynx-lynx-lynx-linnaeus-1758-from-an-enclosure-of-western-pomeranian-nature-society-in-jablonowo
#12
Katarzyna J Filip, Aleksander W Demiaszkiewicz
The aim of this study was to describe parasites of three lynx living in an enclosure of Western Pomeranian Nature Society in Jablonowo. During analysis of 3 gram faecal samples eggs of Toxascaris leonina, Toxocara cati, Ancylostoma sp. and oocysts of Cystoisospora felis were found. To our knowledge this is the first report of C. felis infection in lynx from Poland. Presented research show that wild cats in captivity are particularly exposed on parasitic infections and demand regular examination.
2017: Annals of Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28574237/gastrointestinal-nematodes-and-the-deworming-of-mouflon-ovis-aries-musimon-from-goleniowska-forest-in-west-pomerania-province-poland
#13
Aleksandra Balicka-Ramisz, Łukasz Laurans, Przemysław Jurczyk, Ewa Kwita, Anna Ramisz
Ruminants often live in environments where the natural balance has been disturbed by humans. As a result, there is a transfer of parasitosis to domestic animals and sometimes humans. The aim of the study was to determine the annual species composition and level of gastrointestinal nematode infection of mouflon (Ovis aries musimon) from the half-open breeding colonizing areas of the Goleniowska Forest, and to assess the effectiveness of deworming. The course of the parasitic infection of mouflon depends largely on geoclimatic and breeding factors...
2017: Annals of Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28570038/molecular-detecting-of-piroplasms-in-feeding-and-questing-ixodes-ricinus-ticks
#14
Małgorzata Adamska, Bogumiła Skotarczak
The purpose of this study was to detect piroplasms, which are pathogens of veterinary and zoonotic importance in ticks, that were collected from ponies and field vegetation and to determine the role of Shetland ponies as potential reservoir hosts for piroplasms. A total of 1737 feeding and 371 questing Ixodes ricinus collected from horses or vegetation were tested for the presence of Babesia and Theileria DNA. Piroplasm 18S rRNA gene amplification was conducted, and the obtained amplicons were sequenced. Babesia DNA was detected in only three ticks (one tick collected from a pony and two collected from vegetation), and all of the obtained sequences had 100% similarity to B...
2017: Annals of Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28432859/the-impact-of-global-climate-change-on-the-spread-of-parasitic-nematodes
#15
Anna Okulewicz
Climate changes may influence the frequency, intensity and geographical distribution of parasites, directly affecting their dispersive stages in the environment (eggs, larvae) and, indirectly, the larvae living mainly in invertebrate intermediate hosts. In biologically diverse nematodes climate warming contributes to the increase in the range of distribution, colonization of new hosts and modification of their development cycles. This is particularly acute in the Arctic and pertains, for instance, to nematodes Ostertagia gruehneri and Setaria tundra parasitizing reindeer Rangifer tarandus and Umingmakstrongylus pallikuukensis in musk oxen (Ovibos moschatus)...
2017: Annals of Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28432858/regulatory-function-of-parasites-in-autoimmune-disease-%C3%A2-outcome-from-experimental-model-infection
#16
REVIEW
Katarzyna Krawczak, Katarzyna Donskow-Łysoniewska, Maria Doligalska
It is estimated that more than half of the nowadays known species are pathogenic parasites. Among macroparasites gastrointestinal nematodes are one of most common and having significant impact on life and health. Those organisms reveal strong, specific immune response in host, involving primary mechanisms associated with regulatory and Th2 cells. Referring to immunomodulatory abilities of helminths, parasite infections started to be considered as a possible therapy for many autoimmune diseases. Clinical trials on 2nd and 3rd stage are conducted in spite that treatment has not been recognized as safe for common use...
2017: Annals of Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28432838/are-poikilothermic-animals-real-hosts-for-toxoplasma-gondii
#17
REVIEW
Henryka Długońska
The protozoan Toxoplasma gondii is believed to be a common parasite of almost all endothermic animals and humans. However, recent reports of toxoplasmosis in marine mammals raise concern that cold-blooded animals may also be a potential source of T. gondii infection. The article discusses the presence of T. gondii in aquatic and terrestrial poikilothermic animals, which may be important elements in the transmission of the parasite.
2017: Annals of Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27770765/treatment-of-scabies-comparing-the-different-medications
#18
Mohamad Goldust
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 1, 2016: Annals of Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27770764/cryptosporidium-meleagridis-infection-the-first-report-in-poland-of-its-occurrence-in-an-hiv-positive-woman
#19
Maria Wesołowska, Beata Szostakowska, Marta Kicia, Bohumil Sak, Martin Kvac, Brygida Knysz
Cryptosporidium is an opportunistic protozoan parasite that can cause severe diarrhoea in immunocompromised patients. The transmission of this pathogen in humans and animals is not fully understood. C. meleagridis, originally described in birds, is the only Cryptosporidium species known to naturally infect mammalian and avian species. This study documents the first detection of C. meleagridis in an HIV-infected woman in Poland.
October 1, 2016: Annals of Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27770763/comparative-assessment-of-selected-intraoral-microorganisms-%C3%A2-potential-factors-for-peri-surgical-management-complications
#20
Paweł J. Zawadzki, Bohdan Starościak, Konrad Perkowski, Wanda Baltaza, Marcin Padzik, Krzysztof Pionkowski, Lidia Chomicz
In this research, a comparative analysis of results of investigations involving different human populations, in terms of a relation between the oral cavity health and the species composition of mouth microbiota is reported. The purpose of this analysis was to identify and assess microorganisms that could cause health complications in patients with neoplasm requiring dental problem-related surgical management. The patients with the oral cancer surgically treated and those without neoplasm were assessed for their oral health: status of teeth, gingiva, periodontium, and occurrence of inflammatory processes...
October 1, 2016: Annals of Parasitology
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