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Annals of Parasitology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27770765/treatment-of-scabies-comparing-the-different-medications
#1
Mohamad Goldust
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 1, 2016: Annals of Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27770764/cryptosporidium-meleagridis-infection-the-first-report-in-poland-of-its-occurrence-in-an-hiv-positive-woman
#2
Maria Wesołowska, Beata Szostakowska, Marta Kicia, Bohumil Sak, Martin Kvac, Brygida Knysz
Cryptosporidium is an opportunistic protozoan parasite that can cause severe diarrhoea in immunocompromised patients. The transmission of this pathogen in humans and animals is not fully understood. C. meleagridis, originally described in birds, is the only Cryptosporidium species known to naturally infect mammalian and avian species. This study documents the first detection of C. meleagridis in an HIV-infected woman in Poland.
October 1, 2016: Annals of Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27770763/comparative-assessment-of-selected-intraoral-microorganisms-%C3%A2-potential-factors-for-peri-surgical-management-complications
#3
Paweł J. Zawadzki, Bohdan Starościak, Konrad Perkowski, Wanda Baltaza, Marcin Padzik, Krzysztof Pionkowski, Lidia Chomicz
In this research, a comparative analysis of results of investigations involving different human populations, in terms of a relation between the oral cavity health and the species composition of mouth microbiota is reported. The purpose of this analysis was to identify and assess microorganisms that could cause health complications in patients with neoplasm requiring dental problem-related surgical management. The patients with the oral cancer surgically treated and those without neoplasm were assessed for their oral health: status of teeth, gingiva, periodontium, and occurrence of inflammatory processes...
October 1, 2016: Annals of Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27770762/virulence-of-geographically-different-cryptosporidium-parvum-isolates-in-experimental-animal-model
#4
Fatma G. Sayed, Amany I. Hamza, Lamia A. Galal, Douaa M. Sayed, Mona Gaber
Cryptosporidium parvum is a coccidian parasite which causes gastrointestinal disease in humans and a variety of other mammalian species. Several studies have reported different degrees of pathogenicity and virulence among Cryptosporidium species and isolates of the same species as well as evidence of variation in host susceptibility to infection. The study aimed to investigate infectivity and virulence of two Cryptosporidium parvum “Iowa isolate” (CpI) and a “local water isolate” (CpW). Thirty-three Swiss albino mice have been divided into three groups: Negative control Group (C), the CpI group infected with “Iowa isolate “and the CpW group infected with C...
October 1, 2016: Annals of Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27770761/pre-exposure-to-faeces-or-saliva-of-triatoma-dimidiata-decreases-parasitemia-in-mice-challenged-with-trypanosoma-cruzi-a-description-of-the-inflammatory-reaction-at-the-inoculation-site
#5
Victor Monteon, Enrique Quen-Rámirez, Veronica Macedo-Reyes, Ruth Lopez, Karla Acosta-Viana, Pamela Pennigton, Angel Ramos-Ligonio
Under natural conditions, Trypanosoma cruzi infection is transmitted to mammals when faeces contaminated with metacyclic trypomastigotes gain access through skin lesions, mucosa or bite wounds. Natural infection of bugs with T. cruzi can vary greatly from less than 1% up to 70%, depending on triatomine species: in the case of Triatoma dimidiata, the percentage of infection is around 30%. In this work uses biological fluids (saliva and faeces) from Triatoma dimidiata to inoculate experimental animals once or multiple times, before inoculation with faeces contaminated with metacyclic trypomastigotes discrete type unit Ia (TcI)...
October 1, 2016: Annals of Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27770760/the-hydrolytic-enzymes-produced-by-fungi-strains-isolated-from-the-sand-and-soil-of-recreational-areas
#6
Piotr Kurnatowski, Anna Wójcik, Joanna Błaszkowska, Katarzyna Góralska
The pathogenicity of fungi depends on, inter alia, the secretion of hydrolytic enzymes. The aim of this study was to determine the enzymatic activity of yeasts and yeast-like fungi isolated from children’s recreation areas, and compare the results with literature data of strains obtained from patients with mycoses. The enzymatic activity of 96 strains was assessed using an API ZYM kit (bioMerieux, France) and their biotypes were established. The fungal species were found to produce from 16 to 19 hydrolases: the most active were: leucine arylamidase (e5), acid phosphatase (e10), alkaline phosphatase (e1), naphthol-AS-BI-phosphohydrolase (e11), esterase – C4 (e2), β-galac - tosidase (e13) and β-glucosidase (e16)...
October 1, 2016: Annals of Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27770759/subtype-analysis-of-blastocystis-sp-isolates-from-asymptomatic-individuals-in-an-urban-community-in-the-philippines
#7
Davin Edric V. Adao, Ace O. Dela Serna, Maria Luz B. Belleza, Nicole R. Bolo, Windell L. Rivera
Blastocystis sp. is a commonly reported enteric protistan parasite in faecal specimens with a worldwide distribution afflicting both humans and a wide range of animals. The aim of this study is to characterize the subtypes (STs) of Blastocystis sp. isolates from asymptomatic individuals in an urban community in Pateros, Metro Manila, Philippines. The 600-bp small subunit ribosomal RNA (SSU rRNA) barcoding region of Blastocystis sp. isolates was amplified and sequenced using the primers RD5 and BhRDr. Subtypes were identified by uploading the sequences onto the Basic Local Alignment and Search Tool (BLAST) websites, the Blastocystis Subtype (18S) and Sequence Typing (MLST) Database and by construction of a phylogenetic tree...
October 1, 2016: Annals of Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27770758/the-role-of-ticks-in-transmission-cycle-of-toxoplasma-gondii
#8
Bogumiła Skotarczak
Toxoplasmosis is globally distributed, water- and food borne zoonosis caused by the single protozoan Toxoplasma gondii and probably one-third of the world’s human population is infected with this pathogen. Domestic and wild felids are definitive hosts of this pathogen and intermediate hosts for great variety of other homoeothermic animals. Human as other of the intermediate hosts may become infected in the main route of infection; it is the ingestion of parasite oocysts in contaminated water or soil and undercooked meat...
October 1, 2016: Annals of Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27770757/the-mycobiome-%C3%A2-a-friendly-cross-talk-between-fungal-colonizers-and-their-host
#9
REVIEW
Dworecka-Kaszak Bożena, Dąbrowska Iwona, Kaszak Ilona
The organisms colonizing a living host create together with their host a holobiome. The holobioms are networks of mutualistic interactions between host`s cells and microorganisms communities. The fungi are among these microorganisms and have been also well known to infect human and animals. These organisms are associated with a wide range of diseases as superficial or systemic mycoses. Fungi as colonizers can also modify host physiology and metabolism, energy acquisition, vitamin-cofactor availability, development and function of immune system, and even host behavior...
October 1, 2016: Annals of Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27770756/exosomes-in-the-context-of-toxoplasma-gondii-%C3%A2-host-communication
#10
REVIEW
Henryka Długońska, Justyna Gatkowska
Extracellular vesicles – EV’s, including exosomes, are known to be essential tools of intercellular communication, enabling the exchange of information without direct contact between cells. Exosomes are secreted both in vitro and in vivo by single- and multi-cellular organisms, regardless of their type, and play an essential role in cell-to-cell communication. EV’s may carry various materials and ongoing studies have provided a new insight into their potential participation in various critical biological processes, including carcinogenesis, protein trafficking, immunostimulation and pathogenesis of infectious diseases...
October 1, 2016: Annals of Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27770755/african-swine-fever-virus-a-new-old-enemy-of-europe
#11
REVIEW
Agata A Cisek, Iwona Dąbrowska, Karolina P Gregorczyk, Zbigniew Wyżewski
African swine fever (ASF) is a highly contagious viral disease of swine with a mortality rate approaching 100 percent. African Swine Fever Virus (ASFV) is a double-stranded DNA virus with a complex molecular structure. Its large genome, encoding multiple virulence factors, allows for efficient replication, which takes place predominantly in the cytoplasm of monocytes and macrophages. Also, ASFV has the ability to interfere with cell signalling pathways, which leads to various modulations in the synthesis profiles of interferon and other cytokines...
October 1, 2016: Annals of Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28170213/tongue-worm-pentastomida-infection-in-ball-pythons-python-regius-%C3%A2-a-case-report
#12
Remigiusz Gałęcki, Rajmund Sokół, Agnieszka Dudek
Tongue worms (Pentastomida) are endoparasites causing pentastomiasis, an invasive disease representing a threat to exotic animals and humans. Animals acquire infection via the alimentary tract. In reptiles, the parasite is present in the lungs, resulting in symptoms from the respiratory system. Pentastomiasis may be asymptomatic, but nonspecific symptoms may occur at high parasite concentrations. Due to the harmful effects of many antiparasitic substances, tongue worm invasion in reptiles remains not fully treatable...
2016: Annals of Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28170212/sublingual-vein-infestation-with-leech-limnatis-nilotica-in-a-hunting-dog
#13
Musa A Alshehabat
Leech infestation of the oral cavity is uncommon parasitic infestation of dogs that can cause life threatening haemorrhage and anaemia. The aim of the case report is to present unusual sublingual attachment of leech in a hunting dog that was successfully managed by using table salt.
2016: Annals of Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28170211/new-distribution-of-picobia-caudati-skoracki-and-hebda-2004-acariformes-syringophilidae-an-ectoparasite-of-long-tailed-tit-aegithalos-caudatus-l-passeriformes-aegithalidae
#14
Mateusz Zmudzinski, Markus Unsoeld
Quill mite species Picobia caudati Skoracki and Hebda, 2004 collected from its type host Aegithalos caudatus (L.) is recorded from seven new localities in Europe (France, Germany, Italy, Macedonia) and Asia (China, Russia, Japan).
2016: Annals of Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28170210/the-parasites-of-the-mallard-duck-anas-platyrhynchos-as-an-indicator-of-health-status-and-quality-of-the-environment
#15
Rajmund Sokół, Małgorzata Raś-Noryńska, Michał Gesek, Daria Murawska, Vladimir Hanzal, Paweł Janiszewski
The mallard duck (Anas platyrhynchos) is a host to internal and external parasites. A heavy parasite burden indicates poor immunological status and a pathogen-contaminated environment. The present study describes the macroscopic and microscopic examination of isolated intestines and gizzards of 130 mallard ducks from birds kept in the breeding farm. Scrapings of intestinal mucosa were examined by flotation and with the sedimentation method. The results of the flotation method indicate the presence of coccidia oocysts in the ileum scrapings from one of five male mallards aged six weeks, one out of five aged 10 weeks and three out of five aged 12 weeks...
2016: Annals of Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28170209/new-data-on-the-species-metacheyletia-degenerata-fain-and-bochkov-acariformes-cheyletidae
#16
Maciej Skoracki
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2016: Annals of Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28170208/a-new-occurrence-of-eimeria-catubrina-apicomplexa-eimeridae-in-elk-alces-alces-from-the-kampinos-forest
#17
Katarzyna J Filip, Aleksander W Demiaszkiewicz
A three-year-old elk was necropsied in Kampinos Forest, near the village of Granica. An analysis of a 3g faecal sample from the animal revealed the presence of 130 oocysts of Eimeria catubrina. The parasite is typical of roe deer; this study is only the second reported observation of E. catubrina in elks. As coccidia are so rarely found in elks, this observation of E. catubrina in this new localization is a matter of concern.
2016: Annals of Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28170207/the-risk-of-exposure-to-parasitic-mites-and-insects-occurring-on-pets-in-southern-poland
#18
Olga Pawełczyk, Celina Pająk, Krzysztof Solarz
Companion animals, including pets, can be infested by many species of parasitic mites and insects, which can pose a threat to the health of both animals and humans. The aim of this study is to evaluate the risk of exposure of companion animals to various species of external parasites which can be transferred to humans and cause many skin diseases. External parasites were collected in 2012–2014 from the patients of veterinary clinics in the provinces of Silesia and Malopolska (Southern Poland). Parasitic mites and insects were collected using preparation needles...
2016: Annals of Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28170206/assessment-of-in-vitro-dynamics-of-pathogenic-acanthamoeba-strains-originating-from-contact-lens-wearers-with-infectious-keratitis
#19
Marcin Padzik, Bohdan Starościak, Jacek P Szaflik, Anna Pietruczuk-Padzik, Paulina Siczek, Lidia Chomicz
Recently, incidents of Acanthamoeba keratitis, the vision-threatening eye disease, are reported with increasing frequency worldwide, particularly in contact lens wearers. In our study, the retrospective assessment of in vitro dynamics of subsequent pathogenic Acanthamoeba isolates cultured at 24°C, detected in Polish contact lens wearers with keratitis is presented and results compared with those of environmental A. castellanii Neff strain. There were delayed the proper diagnosis that influenced prolonged and severe course of this eye disease and treatment difficulties...
2016: Annals of Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28170205/molecular-characterization-and-phylogenetic-analysis-of-microsporidia-and-cryptosporidium-spp-in-patients-with-multiple-bowel-biopsies-from-fars-province-iran
#20
Iraj Mohammadpour, Farzaneh Bozorg-Ghalati, Mohammad H Motazedian
Microsporidia and Cryptosporidium species are prominent agents of enteritis, capable of causing severe chronic diarrhoea in children, immunocompetent and immunocompromised individuals around the world. It is not possible to identify the parasites at species level solely on the basis of microscopy. The aim of the present study was to identify and characterize the species of Microsporidia and Cryptosporidium in immunocompetent humans with GI disturbances by nested PCR-RFLP, sequencing, and phylogenetic analysis...
2016: Annals of Parasitology
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