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Annals of Parasitology

Zbigniew S. Pawłowski
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2017: Annals of Parasitology
Giselle Dsilva, Vrinda Kulkarni, Sangeeta Aher
Neurocysticercosis is the common parasitic disease of the central nervous system. One of the uncommon manifestations and a rare complication is its disseminated form. Human cysticercosis is caused by the spreading of the embryo of Taenia solium in the intestine via the hepatoportal system to different tissues and internal organs of the body. The organs most commonly affected are the subcutaneous tissue, skeletal muscles, lungs, brain, eyes, liver, and occasionally the heart, thyroid, and pancreas. We report a case of a 62 year old male, who has been presented, with seizures and subcutaneous nodules on both extremities...
2017: Annals of Parasitology
Łukasz Mierzyński, Joanna N. Izdebska, Leszek Rolbiecki, Zbigniew Zawada
Most ticks of the genus Amblyomma and Rhipicephalus are typical ectoparasites of bovine. However, information about survival in different environmental conditions or coexistence of different species is lacking. Amblyomma hebraeum Koch, 1844, Rhipicephalus appendiculatus Neumann, 1901 and R. maculatus Neumann, 1901 were found in the skin (fixed in the salt) of an African buffalo Syncerus caffer (Sparrman, 1779), brought to Poland from the Republic of South Africa. Most of the ticks were still alive during their collection...
2017: Annals of Parasitology
Zaven A. Karalyan, Mariam A. Sargsyan, Hranush H. Arzumanyan, Armen A. Kotsinyan, Lina H. Hakobyan, Elena M. Karalova, Henrih E. Voskanyan
The brains of 10 infected pigs were examined for histopathology and presence of African swine fever virus (ASFV) DNA ASFV infection induces inflamed meninges, cerebral edema and vascular thrombosis, as well as subdural hematomas. Slight tension in the dura mater, flattening of the gyri and narrowing of the sulci were also observed at four days post infection (dpi). Enlarged perivascular spaces were detected for most vessels of the brain after three to four dpi. Considerable lymphocytic infiltration of the brain tissue was observed at the terminal stage of disease...
2017: Annals of Parasitology
Marcin Padzik, Jacek P. Szaflik, Wanda Baltaza, Konrad Perkowski, Monika Dybicz, Lidia Chomicz
Amphizoic amoebae belonging to the genus Acanthamoeba are known as etiological agents of sight-threatening Acanthamoeba keratitis. The leading risk factor for the development of this serious human disease is contact lens wearing which popularity increases worldwide, also in Poland. The disease with active epithelial inflammations, corneal ulcers, including loss of the visual acuity is a serious medical problem as an emerging threat for the public health related to improper contact lens hygiene. The treatment of the amoebic keratitis is difficult, often unsuccessful due to delayed proper diagnosis...
2017: Annals of Parasitology
Jakub Moroz, Piotr Kurnatowski
An oral cavity hygiene plays a key role in prophylactic and therapeutic measures to prevent pathological changes caused by different viruses, bacteria, fungi and protozoa. It is important to maintain proper oral hygiene and assist the removal of potent pathogens; use of the mouthrinses can be one of method providing to these goal. The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of selected mouthrinses on the standard strains of Candida presented in the oral cavity. Eight reference strains of fungi were investigated: C...
2017: Annals of Parasitology
Bernard Ekpan Monjol, Monday Francis Useh
Chemotherapy is the mainstay in malaria control and management. For some time, chloroquine (CQ) was a drug of choice for the treatment of malaria. It was effective against all forms of malaria, cheap and readily available. The increased resistance of malaria parasites to CQ led to widespread abandonment of the drug in African and Asian countries on the prompting of the World Health Organization. Currently, artemisinin-based combination therapy is the gold standard for the treatment of malaria. This study investigates the presence of the Plasmodium falciparum Chloroquine Resistance Transporter (PfCRT) mutant gene, a molecular marker responsible for CQ resistance in malaria parasites...
2017: Annals of Parasitology
Marcin Mickiewicz, Michał Czopowicz, Paweł Górski, Jarosław Kaba
Fecal egg count reduction (FECR) test with albendazole and egg hatch test (EHT) with thiabendazole (TBZ) were performed in a dairy goat herd suspected of anthelmintic resistance to benzimidazoles. The herd had been regularly dewormed with fenbendazole for 5 previous years and despite that it remained infected with several species of gastrointestinal nematodes (Trichostrongylus colubriformis, Teladorsagia circumcincta, and Haemonchus contortus). Albendazole was administered per os at dose of 20 mg/kg to 10 goats (treated group), while 10 other goats remained untreated (control group)...
2017: Annals of Parasitology
Princess Charmaine T. Herrera, Victoria V. Viloria, Michelle M. Balbin, Claro N. Mingala
The study was conducted to determine the prevalence of Babesia bovis and Babesia bigemina infection in blood samples of cattle and water buffaloes using nested polymerase chain reaction (nested-PCR). It also aimed to generate a spot map showing areas in Nueva Ecija, the Philippines where B. bovis and B. bigemina were detected. Whole blood samples of cattle (148) and water buffalo (65) were collected for DNA extraction and subsequent nested-PCR to detect B. bovis and B. bigemina. To further confirm and validate the nested-PCR results, three selected positive samples for each B...
2017: Annals of Parasitology
David Cruz-Robles, Gilberto Vargas-Alarcón, Rocio Ortíz-Muñiz, Pedro A Reyes, Victor M Monteon
The clinical manifestations of human Chagas disease are associated with several factors, including immunological alterations, in this regard, many studies propose that tissue damage might be more severe in the absence of immune regulatory mechanisms, other factors are the genetic background of host and parasite. Trypanosoma cruzi population is genetically, biochemistry and pathogenic diverse along the Latin-America continent and phylogenetic ally are divided into six intra-species lineages TcI-VI. The TcI lineage has a wide distribution with heterogeneous virulence and pathogenesis within strains...
2017: Annals of Parasitology
Carolina Romeiro Fernandes Chagas, Irys Hany Lima Gonzalez, Samantha Mesquita Favoretto, Patrícia Locosque Ramos
Rattus norvegicus (Mammalia: Rodentia) is a widespread and synanthropic rodent, broadly used in medical experiments. It can also be used for feeding captive animals in zoos. Parasitological surveys are important to guarantee the health of both the animals and the staff responsible for their management. The aim of this study was to identify intestinal parasites of Rattus norvegicus offered as food to captive animals from São Paulo Zoo, and demonstrate the importance of sanitary hurdling, disease control and biosecurity...
2017: Annals of Parasitology
Viktória Čabanová, Nuno Guimaraes, Zuzana Hurníková, Gabriela Chovancová, Peter Urban, Martina Miterpáková
Although the grey wolf was on the brink of extinction in Central Europe in the last century, it never became extinct in Slovakia and nowadays its population is considered stable. The wolf population in Slovakia is estimated to be around 400 individuals with seasonal variations, and due to these small numbers, studies on the parasite fauna of wolf are scarce. Of the 35 parasitic species recorded worldwide in grey wolves in temperate and mountain zones of the Palearctic region, 15 were detected in Slovakia. In our study, 256 grey wolf faeces samples taken from three protected areas in Slovakia were examined using the modified flotation method with a zinc sulphate solution...
2017: Annals of Parasitology
Kinga Leśniańska, Agnieszka Perec-Matysiak
Enterocytozoon bieneusi is the most commonly identified Microsporidia in humans and has also been detected worldwide in a large group of wild living and domestic animals. The identification of E. bieneusi in wildlife has raised the question of the importance of animal reservoirs in the epidemiology of microsporidiosis and the implications of the infection with this pathogen in hosts. This review summarizes the available molecular data on the variety of E. bieneusi genotypes, both potentially zoonotic and host-specific isolated from wild living mammals and birds...
2017: Annals of Parasitology
Paweł Krzyżek, Grażyna Gościniak
Helicobacter pylori is a Gram-negative, spiral bacterium capable of colonizing the gastric mucosa. Infections caused by this microorganism often lead to the development of various gastrointestinal complaints. Simultaneous human colonization by H. pylori and intestinal parasites is a common phenomenon. Moreover, the two groups of pathogens share the similar predisposing factors. The presence of parasites together with H. pylori can significantly influence the modulation of the host immune response. During H...
2017: Annals of Parasitology
Magdalena Dzikowiec, Katarzyna Góralska, Joanna Błaszkowska
Parasitic diseases of the central nervous system are associated with high mortality and morbidity. Many human parasites, such as Toxoplasma gondii, Entamoeba histolytica, Trypanosoma cruzi, Taenia solium, Echinococcus spp., Toxocara canis, T. cati, Angiostrongylus cantonensis, Trichinella spp., during invasion might involve the CNS. Some parasitic infections of the brain are lethal if left untreated (e.g., cerebral malaria – Plasmodium falciparum, primary amoebic meningoencephalitis (PAM) – Naegleria fowleri, baylisascariosis – Baylisascaris procyonis, African sleeping sickness – African trypanosomes)...
2017: Annals of Parasitology
Rita Cardoso, Helena Alves, Joachim Richter, Monica C Botelho
Parasites show a great potential to Forensic Science. Forensic Science is the application of any science and methodology to the legal system. The forensic scientist collects and analyses the physical evidence and produce a report of the results to the court. A parasite is an organism that lives at the expense of another and they exist in any ecosystem. Parasites are the cause of many important diseases. The forensic scientists can use the parasites to identify a crime scene, to determine the murder weapon or simply identify an individual...
2017: Annals of Parasitology
Joanna Szymczak, Julia Kozłowska, Maria Doligalska
Babesiosis is an emerging, tick-transmitted disease caused by the intraerythrocytic parasite Babesia microti. In immunocompetent individuals, B. microti infection quickly resolves after antibabesial treatment. Immunocompromised patients and those of advanced age experience chronic and relapsing babesiosis, accompanied by severe complications and often, a fatal outcome. In these individuals, B. microti infection may persist despite multiple courses of treatment with antiprotozoal drugs. The increasing incidence of human babesiosis caused by B...
2017: Annals of Parasitology
Sayono Sayono, Ulfa Nurullita, Didik Sumanto, Wahyu Handoyo
Aedes mosquitoes, mainly Aedes aegypti and Aedes albopictus, are the primary and secondary vectors of dengue viruses in Indonesia, with transmission occurring by sucking blood. The density of the vectors is influenced by season and rainfall, but limited by altitude. The aim of the study is to describe the density and distribution of dengue vectors during the dry season based on the altitudes of recent dengue cases in five regencies of Central Java Province, Indonesia. Mosquito larvae and pupae were collected from the indoor and outdoor water containers from 253 houses within 50 m of houses occupied by a dengue patient...
2017: Annals of Parasitology
Barbara Paoletti, Raffaella Iorio, Donato Traversa, Cristina E Di Francesco, Leonardo Gentile, Simone Angelucci, Cristina Amicucci, Roberto Bartolini, Marianna Marangi, Angela Di Cesare
This article reports the results of a copromicroscopic and molecular investigation carried out on faecal samples of wolves (n=37) and brown bears (n=80) collected in two protected national parks of central Italy (Abruzzo Region). Twenty-three (62.2%) samples from wolves were positive for parasite eggs. Eight (34.78%) samples scored positive for single infections, i.e. E. aerophilus (21.74%), Ancylostoma/Uncinaria (4.34%), Trichuris vulpis (4.34%), T. canis (4.34%). Polyspecific infections were found in 15 samples (65...
2017: Annals of Parasitology
Balarabe R Mohammed, Malang K Simon, Rowland IS Agbede, Auwalu H Arzai
Pigeon coccidiosis is caused by Eimeria spp., a protozoan parasite which limits productivity by causing severe illness. Although numerous studies have been conducted on the coccidiosis of pigeons in some parts of Nigeria, there is no published data from Kano State. The intestinal contents of 144 pigeons (72 females and 72 males) were analysed for Eimeria oocysts in 2007 from 12 Local Government Areas of Kano State over the period of six months including the dry (February–April) and wet (June–August) seasons...
2017: Annals of Parasitology
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