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Annals of Parasitology

Urszula Wawrzyniak
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2018: Annals of Parasitology
Katarzyna Królaczyk, Katarzyna M Kavetska, Emil Dzierzba, Agata Stapf-Skiba
During parasitological studies of 23 Eurasian coot Fulica atra (Linnaeus, 1758), 91 nematodes were isolated. Three of them, found in the proventriculus, were identified as Tetrameres globosa (Linstow, 1879). This paper presents the morphological characteristics of the discovered males of T. globosa.
2018: Annals of Parasitology
Sulekha Akhila, Vengotuparambil Suresh Sukanya, Anu Anto, Shyamala Karunakaran
The objective of the study was to evaluate the status of parasitic infections in captive snakes of Kerala. Faecal samples were collected from captive snakes of State Museums and Zoos of Thrissur and Thiruvananthapuram. Parasites were screened by direct smear, sedimentation, simple floatation and Shaether’s sugar floatation method. Fortynine snakes from 15 species were screened and 35 (71.4%) were found to be positive. While 80% of the snakes from Thrissur were found to be positive for parasitic infections, 70...
2018: Annals of Parasitology
Gracienhe Gomes Santos, Marcos Sidney Brito Oliveira, Ligia Rigôr Neves, Marcos Tavares-Dias
We provide the first study on the diversity and community of parasites in Astronotus crassipinnis from the lower Amazon River, in Brazil. Of 35 hosts examined, 100% were infected with one or more species of parasites, such as Gussevia asota, Gussevia astronoti, Gussevia rogersi, Posthodiplostomum sp., Contracaecum sp., Gorytocephalus sp. and Dolops longicauda. Gussevia asota, G. astronoti and G. rogersi were dominant, and, in total, 9788 parasites were collected. The richness of parasite species (4.9±0.7), Brillouin diversity (0...
2018: Annals of Parasitology
Bartosz Rom, Sławomir Kornaś, Marta Basiaga
Due to the growing popularity of reptiles as a household animals and the development of numerous reptile farms, they have become a common sight in veterinary clinics. As parasitic infections represent a serious problem among pet reptiles obtained by captive breeding and from pet shops, the purpose of the present study was to determine the species composition of parasites present in reptiles bred privately or in Cracow Zoological Garden, and those obtained from pet shops. Fecal samples collected from 91 reptiles (30 turtles, 40 lizards, and 21 snakes) were examined using the quantitative McMaster method...
2018: Annals of Parasitology
Joanna N Izdebska, Leszek Rolbiecki, Łukasz Mierzyński, Konrad Bidziński
As many as 26 species of parasitic mites of the Demodecidae family have thus far been described in the Chiroptera, of which only three have been found in bats from Europe. The first of the latter group was Demodex chiropteralis Hirst, 1921, described on the basis of only two females originating from one bat from Great Britain; an observation which has never been made since. The present study reports the discovery of both male and female D. chiropteralis in Poland, together with other unknown demodecid mites which may well belong to new species...
2018: Annals of Parasitology
Md Amdadul Haque, Mohammad M Kibria, Ghazi S M Asmat
During a survey on species diversity of trichodinid ciliates from freshwater fishes in the Baikka Beel of Moulvibazar district in Sylhet division from January to December 2015, two species of ciliates were identified, of which one is new to science. Trichodina hoffmani Wellborn, 1967 is collected from the gills of Mystus tengara, and Trichodina amblypharyngodoni sp. n. is described from Amblypharyngodon mola using the silver nitrate impregnation method. T. amblypharyngodoni sp. n. is characterized by having a large, darkly stained central area; rectangularly-rounded butterspoon-shaped blade with very narrow interblade space and blunt tangent point; indistinct anterior and posterior blade apophysis, but a rounded apex near the base of the central part of denticle; slender, sometimes slightly triangular central part with rounded tip; and filamentous, curved, anteriorly directed rays with inflated tip and indistinct central groove...
2018: Annals of Parasitology
Joseph A Dianso, Gemerlyn G Garcia, Lawrence P Belotindos, Claro N Mingala
Sixty suspected protozoan oocysts were demonstrated from 260 fecal samples collected from water buffaloes aged one month to seven years old with clinical signs of diarrhea in four provinces in the Philippines after conventional methods of isolation, sporulation, morphological characteristics and Kinyoun Acid Fast Staining techniques. The recovered protozoan oocysts were subjected to molecular analysis. Amplification of DNA extracted from recovered Eimeria oocysts using universal primers for the ITS-1 region of 18S rRNA revealed PCR products with 348 bp size demonstrated by samples collected from Benguet, La Union and Nueva Ecija provinces in the Philippines while DNA extracted from oocysts of suspected Cryptosporidium spp...
2018: Annals of Parasitology
Aleksander W Demiaszkiewicz, Katarzyna J Filip
Onchocerca alcis Bain et Rehbinder, 1986 belongs to the subfamily Onchocercinae. Mature nematodes of O. alcis are located on the surface of hindlimb tendons. The aim of this article was to describe the occurrence of microfilariae of O. alcis in the skin of moose from Kampinos Forest. This is the first report of O. alcis in moose from Poland and the third finding of this rare species in the world.
2018: Annals of Parasitology
Gabriel Castillo, Juan Carlos Acosta, Geraldine Ramallo, Jesús Pizarro
The pattern of infection with the nematode Parapharyngodon riojensis in the lizard Phymaturus extrilidus in a Puna area, central-west Argentina was studied. No significant prevalence differences were found between sexes or seasons sampled. However, there were differences in mean intensity between the summer (dry period) and autumn (wet period) seasons. Mean intensity was higher in the moistest season, associated with low body condition in P. extrilidus. The genus Parapharyngodon has a direct life cycle, and environmental moisture could favor higher intensity in the rainy period...
2018: Annals of Parasitology
Francisca Janaina Soares Rocha, Caroline Louise Diniz Pereira, Fabio Lopes de Melo, Cynthia Regina Pedrosa Soares, Silvania Tavares Paz, Selma Giorgio
Several immune markers have been studied in controlling American tegumentary leishmaniosis based on mouse models. However, there is a lack of studies regarding human tegumentary leishmaniosis caused by Leishmania braziliensis. In this study, hypoxia-inducible factor-1α was found to be an important effector element in the localized control of human cutaneous and mucocutaneous lesions.
2018: Annals of Parasitology
Adekunle B. Ayinmode, Victor I. Agbajelola
Cryptosporidiosis is an infectious protozoan disease that affects a wide range of animals including reptiles. This is the first report of cryptosporidiosis in a fire skink (Lepidothyris fernandi), an insectivorous reptile commonly found in tropical West Africa. Faecal sample was collected from a fire skink at necropsy for the detection of parasites by faecal sedimentation method, Ziehl-Neelsen (ZN) acid-fast staining, Nested Polymerase Chain Reaction (PCR) and Nucleotide sequencing. Sections of the intestines were also processed for histopathology...
2018: Annals of Parasitology
Ana Figueiredo, Lucia Oliveira, Luís Madeira de Carvalho, Carlos Fonseca, Rita Tinoco Torres
The stone marten (Martes foina) is one of the most common species of marten in Europe. Due to increased urbanization and forest degradation, it is now often found in urban habitats, which increased the possibility of parasites transmission between wildlife-domestic animals and humans. Our preliminary study of this mustelid in Portugal, aimed to assess prevalence of helminths. Six helminth parasites were found (Crenosoma vulpis, Angiostrongylus sp., Toxocara sp., Toxascaris leonina, Ancylostomatidae and Strongyloides sp...
2018: Annals of Parasitology
Mousa Tavassoli, Ghader Jalilzadeh-Amin, Vahid R. Besharati Fard, Rahim Esfandiarpour
The high incidence of equine gastrointestinal worms and their increased resistance against anthelmintics has encouraged research into the effectiveness of rational phytotherapy. This study investigates the in vitro anti-parasitic effects of extracts of Ferula asafoetida and Allium sativum, two native plants that are widespread in Iran on Strongylus spp. larvae. Faecal samples were collected from horses, examined by routine parasitology methods and positive samples were used for future examination. After incubation, the third-stage larvae were harvested by the Baermann technique...
2018: Annals of Parasitology
Abibatou Konaté, Pulchérie Christiane Marie Barro-Kiki, Kpongbo Etienne Angora, Akoua Valérie Bédia-Tanoh, Vincent Djohan, Kondo Fulgence Kassi, Henriette Vanga-Bosson, Assohoun Jean Sébastien Miézan, Serge Brice Assi, Eby Ignace Hervé Menan, William Yavo
Malaria remains a major public health problem in Côte d’Ivoire. The aim of this study is to compare the efficacy and tolerability of artesunate-amodiaquine (ASAQ) versus artemether-lumefantrine (AL) for the treatment of uncomplicated malaria, at two malaria surveillance sites in Côte d’Ivoire. The World Health Organization 2003 protocol was used for this multicenter open randomized clinical trial with a 42-day follow-up. We recruited 240 patients (120 per arm), of whom 114 (ASAQ group) and 112 (AL group) were fully followed-up...
2018: Annals of Parasitology
Seyed Sajjad Hasheminasab, Parwiz Moradi, Ian Wright
Babesia and Theileria are two protozoa belonging to the phylum Apicomplexa, which result in babesiosis and theileriosis in different hosts, cause considerable problems in domestic animals and as a consequence economic losses. These two diseases are transmitted by ticks. This survey was carried out due to the lack of studies and information regarding tick vectors and Theileria and Babesia species in the Dehgolan area of Iran, which is a center of agriculture and animal holding industry. This study was conducted during a four-year period, between 2012 and 2016...
2018: Annals of Parasitology
Golam Reza Siyami Gorji, Maryam Rassouli, Hamid Staji
Toxoplasmosis is a zoonotic disease caused by Toxoplasma gondii. Felids are definitive hosts and all warm-blooded animals can be intermediate hosts. Some animals such as sheep, goats and pigs are sensitive to infection. In sheep production systems, toxoplamosis can cause abortion and economic loss. In public health, this disease can be transmitted to humans by the consumption of undercooked infected meat or other organs. In this study, T. gondii DNA was detected by B1 gene amplification in 140 randomly-selected brains of slaughtered sheep in Semnan, Iran...
2018: Annals of Parasitology
Roghiyeh Faridnia, Hamed Kalani, Mahdi Fakhar, Javad Akhtari
Cutaneous leishmaniosis is an important zoonotic disease caused by various Leishmania species. The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of silibinin and silymarin on the in vitro growth and proliferation of promastigotes and amastigotes of Leishmania major compared to glucantime-treated parasites. The promastigotes and amastigotes of this parasite were treated with the two drugs, silibinin and silymarin, in several concentrations (25–100 μM). The highest effect on promastigotes was for silymarin in concentration of 100 μM with 90% and 91% death rate at hours 48 and 72, respectively...
2018: Annals of Parasitology
Mansour Ebrahimi, Keivan Adinehbeigi, Hossein Hamidinejat, Mohammad Reza Tabandeh
The major agent of equine piroplasmosis (EP), Theileria equi, contributes to significant losses in the equine industry. This study was designed to evaluate T. equi infection among horses from West Azerbaijan by microscopy and molecular approaches. One hundred and twenty six blood samples were collected from the jugular vein and placed in sterile tubes containing EDTA; these tubes were either used immediately for blood smears or stored at –20°C for later examination by PCR. T. equi was detected in 3.2% and 27...
2018: Annals of Parasitology
Ruslan F Aminov, Aleksandr K Frolov
The aim of the study was to determine the immunostimulatory effect of antigens from saline extract of the medicinal leech on the morphometric parameters of the body and major immunogenic organs of rats. Wild-type female rats were administered medicinal leech saline extract antigens intraperitoneally two weeks before and two weeks after mating (in total four injections). The offspring were examined, as were the mothers after feeding the offspring, at 1, 15, 30, 60 days after birth. The morphometric parameters of the animals were recorded...
2018: Annals of Parasitology
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