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Annals of Parasitology

Corinna Dressler, Stefanie Rosumeck, Alexander Nast
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2016: Annals of Parasitology
Amar Udare, Shashikant Juvekar, Seema Medhi, Supreeta Arya
UNLABELLED: Cysticercercosis is a parasitic infection that is commonly seen in developing countries. Treatment of cysticercosis can precipitate an intense inflammatory response which may further worsen the symptoms. Whole body MRI is an upcoming tool for screening of diseases. It can be acquired in the same setting as a brain MRI in reasonable time without any additional hardware. We present a case wherein whole body MRI was used to evaluate disseminated cysticercosis. It can prove as useful screening tool to gauge the disease load and modify the treatment plan accordingly, especially in endemic areas...
2016: Annals of Parasitology
Poonam Sharma, Sumeeta Khurana, Aman Sharma, Rakesh Sehgal, Nancy Malla
UNLABELLED: Cryptosporidium is a major cause of diarrheal illness mainly in children and immunocompromised adults. Disease severity ranges from asymptomatic or self-limited gastroenteritis to acute or chronic diarrhoea which may be associated with systemic features. Intracellular viruses that reside in many parasites have been incriminated in pathogenesis of diseases like trichomoniasis, leishmaniasis etc. Thus we attempted to detect and quantitate the intracellular viruses in Cryptosporidium isolates and sought to seek a relationship if any, with clinical features...
2016: Annals of Parasitology
Bhabesh Ronghang, Bishnupada Roy
UNLABELLED: To explore the seasonal prevalence of tick infections in mithun (Bos frontalis) and yak (B. grunniens) a study was conducted in Papum Pare district, Kurung-Kumey district and West Kameng district of Arunachal Pradesh, India from December 2012 to November 2014. Adult ticks were collected from both the animals during the month of December 2012 to November 2014. Ectoparasites were identified on the basis of their morpho-anatomical features observed through light microscope. A total of nine different species of ectoparasites recovered belong to the family Ixodidae are Rhipicephalus (B...
2016: Annals of Parasitology
Nina Król, Dorota Kiewra, Elżbieta Lonc, Bartłomiej Janaczyk, Anna Chodorowska-Skubiszewska, Michał Dzięcioł, Mateusz Gola, Robert Gruszka, Ewa Jackowska-Szlachcic, Magdalena Jagiełło, Szczepan Kawski, Zbigniew Łukaszewski, Piotr Mizgalski, Tatiana Narajowska, Justyna Niedzielska, Marcin Noczyński, Małgorzata Rudkowska, Dariusz Rzepka, Katarzyna Samulska, Michał Senze, Piotr Sieczko, Arkadiusz Silny, Anna Staniewska, Janusz Stańczyk, Wojciech Stańczyk, Magdalena Stasiak, Marek Włodarczyk, Szymon Zimniak
UNLABELLED: Tests performed in 2013 and 2014 revealed the occurrence of three tick species parasitizing pet cats and dogs in the Wrocław Agglomeration. In total, 1,455 tick specimens were removed from 931 hosts (760 dogs and 171 cats) in 18 veterinary clinics. The dominant tick species was Ixodes ricinus (n=1272; 87.4%), followed by I. hexagonus (n=137; 9.4%) and Dermacentor reticulatus (n=46; 3.2%). Females were the most often collected development stage among I. ricinus and D. reticulatus, and nymphs among I...
2016: Annals of Parasitology
Jerzy Kowal, Anna Wyrobisz, Paweł Nosal, Mirosław Kucharski, Urszula Kaczor, Marta Skalska, Piotr Sendor
UNLABELLED: Anthelmintic resistance within nematodes has become a very common issue, however, the data about its occurrence in the gastrointestinal nematodes of sheep in Poland are very limited. This study was carried out in order to evaluate the presence of benzimidazole resistance in highly pathogenic Haemonchus contortus by means of parasitological and molecular techniques. The research represents the first Polish attempt to confirm the presence of a mutation at codon 200 of the β-tubulin isotype 1 gene in H...
2016: Annals of Parasitology
Sławomir Kornaś, Jerzy Kowal, Marek Wajdzik, Paweł Nosal, Magdalena Wojtaszek, Marta Basiaga
UNLABELLED: The aim of the study was to determine the prevalence of botfly (Diptera: Oestridae) larvae infection in roe deer populations (Capreolus capreolus) in the Kraków area on the basis of necropsy and questionnaire surveys. Hunters were surveyed about the age and sex of hunted animals, and the origin of their habitat. All parasite specimens were identified to species in the laboratory. The parasites were found in the nasal cavities, esophagus, and larynx of male roe deer aged 3-8 years, living in forest habitats...
2016: Annals of Parasitology
Jamal Gharekhani, Bijan Esmaeilnejad, Hadi Rezaei, Mohammad Yakhchali, Heidar Heidari, Mahsa Azhari
UNLABELLED: Many species of animals play the role of intermediate host for Neospora caninum. Although the neosporosis has a global distribution, however there is no information on goats' infection in Iran. The main goal of present study was to determine the seroprevalence of N. caninum in goats of western Iran. A total of 450 sera were taken and analyzed for antibodies to N. caninum using ELISA technique. Of those, 28 (6.2%) examined goats were found to be seropositive (95%, CI=6.2±2...
2016: Annals of Parasitology
Katarzyna J Filip, Anna M Pyziel, Aleksander W Demiaszkiewicz
UNLABELLED: Liver fluke Parafasciolopsis fasciolaemorpha is a parasite typical of elk (Alces alces). The present study describes the identification of a massive invasion of the liver fluke P. fasciolaemorpha in an elk in the Sobibór Landscape Park, Eastern Poland. In February 2016, samples of liver and faeces were collected from the elk during postmorte examination. A section of liver tissue and three grams of faeces were examined for the presence of flukes or fluke eggs by decantation...
2016: Annals of Parasitology
Beata Dzięgiel, Łukasz Adaszek, Tomasz Banach, Stanisław Winiarczyk
UNLABELLED: The canine vector-borne diseases (CVBD) is a term, which describes a range of infectious or/and parasitic diseases whose etiological agents are transmitted by vectors. CVBD are becoming more widely in the world in relation to global warming and the increasing number of infected vectors. The aim of this study was to assess rapid mass spectrometry (MS) - based proteomics analyses for diagnosis of Babesia canis, Anaplasma phagocytophilum and Borrelia burgdorferi infections in dogs...
2016: Annals of Parasitology
Grzegorz Karbowiak, Beata Biernat, Joanna Stańczak, Tomasz Szewczyk, Joanna Werszko
UNLABELLED: Ixodes ricinus, Dermacentor reticulatus and D. marginatus ticks are the most important vector for Rickettsia spp. in Central Europe. Ticks sustain rickettsial transmission cycles transovarially and transstadially, it makes enable the rickettsial circulation in the tick population in the absence of vertebrate competent reservoir. Rickettsia helvetica is transmitted by I. ricinus tick; the highest rates of infection are noted in adult females, lower in males and in nymphs. All tick developmental stages apart males are able to infect mammal hosts and humans...
2016: Annals of Parasitology
Rashi Garg, Shreya Shrivastav, Pranab Dey
Spinal echinococcal cyst is very uncommon and may have variable clinical presentations. We describe an exceptional case of intradural and extramedullary spinal echinococcal cyst, misguided as a spinal tumour on radiological examination and was diagnosed as echinococcal cyst on fine needle aspiration biopsy smears and subsequently on histopathological examination.
2016: Annals of Parasitology
Natalia Osten-Sacken, Piotr Solarczyk
Trichinellosis is still one of the most important food-borne parasitic zoonoses and is considered as a threat to public health worldwide. The aim of this study was to use genotyping techniques to determine the prevalence of Trichinella species in wild raccoon dogs (Nyctereutes procyonoides) in western Poland. The infection rate in raccoon dogs was 0.8%. All infections were due to T. spiralis.
2016: Annals of Parasitology
Paweł J Zawadzki, Konrad Perkowski, Bohdan Starościak, Monika Dybicz, Wanda Baltaza, Krzysztof Pionkowski, Lidia Chomicz
The retrospective analysis of data on oral cavity clinical status in relation to microbiota species composition is presented. The research regards patients of different age, with and without congenital malformation, pretreatment assessed for occurrence of pathological changes in the masticatory system. Samples of the swabs collected from each patient (from dental plaque, periodontium and dental pockets) were used for identification of oral protozoans in wet slides and stained preparations; additionally, transmission electron microscope examination was performed...
2016: Annals of Parasitology
Paweł Nosal, Jerzy Kowal, Sławomir Kornaś, Anna Wyrobisz, Józef Skotnicki, Marta Basiaga, Natalia E Plucińska
Giraffes and camels are popular attractions at zoological gardens. In order to present the diversity of parasites infecting exotic ungulates from zoos, faecal samples from three giraffes and six camels from both the Silesian Zoological Garden in Chorzów, and Kraków Zoological Garden, were examined. The research was carried out over a ten-month period in 2013 and 2014. In total, 100 faecal samples from 18 animals were analysed with the use of the McMaster method. Moreover, coccidian oocysts were incubated to investigate their development and larvoscopic examination was conducted to detect the presence of nematode species...
2016: Annals of Parasitology
Jerzy Kowal, Sławomir Kornaś, Paweł Nosal, Marta Basiaga, Marek Wajdzik, Marta Skalska, Anna Wyrobisz
The conducted study has focused on domestic, as well as wild ruminant species. The post mortem examination was carried out on 68 animals, including three wild species: roe deer (Capreolus capreolus) (25 indyviduals), red deer (Cervus elaphus) (6), fallow deer (Dama dama) (5) and two domestic: sheep (Ovis aries) (14) and cattle (Bos taurus) (18). Some of the species have also been investigated in the field by the coproscopical analyses. The faecal samples from roe deer (27), fallow deer (20), red deer (36) and moose (Alces alces) (10) were collected from the environment, while from sheep (10) and goat (Capra hircus) (10)--per rectum...
2016: Annals of Parasitology
Seyed Sajjad Hasheminasab, Fatemeh Jalousian, Behnam Meshgi
Parabronema skrjabini is a spirurid nematode of the family Habronematidae that lives in the abomasum of ruminants such as sheep and goats. The purpose of this study was to investigate the molecular and morphological aspects of Parabronema skrjabini in sheep and goats in Iran. The worms were collected from these animal species from three different regions. An internal transcribed spacer 2 ribosomal DNA (ITS2-rDNA) fragment of Parabronema skrjabini was amplified by polymerase chain reaction (PCR) using a pair of specific primers (Para-Ir-R and Para-Ir-F)...
2016: Annals of Parasitology
Ahmed H El Imam, Shawgi M Hassan, Ahmed A Gameel, Abdelrahim M El Hussein, Khalid M Taha, Marinda C Oosthuizen
The epidemiological aspects of sheep piroplasmosis in Sudan are poorly studied, and further investigations using sensitive and precise techniques are required. In this study, the Reverse Line Blot (RLB) hybridization assay was used to detect and simultaneously differentiate between Theileria and Babesia species. DNA was extracted from blood collected on filter paper (n=219) from apparently healthy sheep from six different geographical localities in Sudan. Results indicated that Theileria ovis (88.6%), T. separata (20...
2016: Annals of Parasitology
Ahmed H El Imam, Shawgi M Hassan, Ahmed A Gameel, Abdelrahim M El Hussein, Khalid M Taha
Malignant Ovine Theileriosis (MOT) caused by Theileria lestoquardi is considered a major constraint for sheep production in many areas of the world including Sudan. Pulmonary oedema is thought to be the main cause of animal death, but the mechanism, the cell types involved and/or the probable cause of this pneumonia has yet to be defined. The present study was carried out to investigate the pulmonary involvement post T. lestoquardi infection and to identify the cell types involved in pneumonia. Apparently healthy sheep were exposed to ticks challenge in T...
2016: Annals of Parasitology
Manel Châari, Hela Derbel, Lassâd Neifar
Forty five specimens of the short beaked garfish Belone svetovidovi, a rare belonid species largely confused with the garfish Belone belone from Tunisian coast Sea were examined for metazoan parasite. Nine metazoan parasites species were identified: one monogenean (Axine sp.), 4 digeneans (Lecithostaphylus retroflexus, Tergestia acanthocephala, Aponurus laguncula and Condylocotyla pilodora metacercaria), one copepod (Bomolochus bellones), one isopod (Irona nana), one acanthocephalan (Telosentis exiguus) and one nematod Hysterotylacium sp...
2016: Annals of Parasitology
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