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Journal of Arthropod-borne Diseases

Alireza Khatami, Maria Emmelin, Rezvan Talaee, Akram Miramin-Mohammadi, Nessa Aghazadeh, Alireza Firooz, Berndt Stenberg
Background: The aim of this study was to explore the experiences of patients who suffer from acute cutaneous leishmaniasis in Iran, focusing on quality of life. Methods: The study was conducted at two different sites in Iran in 2010-2011. Individual in-depth interviews were conducted with six men and six women parasitologically confirmed acute cutaneous leishmaniasis. Interviews were recorded, transcribed verbatim, and translated into English. Qualitative content analysis was used for data analysis...
June 2018: Journal of Arthropod-borne Diseases
Ali Reza Zahraei-Ramazani, Abedin Saghafipour, Hassan Vatandoost
Background: Cockroaches consists of 4000 species, of which 40 species are serious domestic pests. They have involved the mechanical transmission of various pathogenic viruses, bacteria, and protozoans to humans. This study aimed to determine different control methods of P. americana in sewage system of Esfahan City, central Iran using different insecticides recommended by WHO. Methods: Totally, 164 manholes with at least more than three cockroaches were selected until 2017 for this study...
June 2018: Journal of Arthropod-borne Diseases
Aref Teimouri, Mehdi Mohebali, Elham Kazemirad, Homa Hajjaran
Background: Leishmaniasis is a major medical health problem and distributes in nearly half of 31 provinces of Iran. We aimed to identify cutaneous and visceral Leishmania spp. isolated from infected humans and domestic dogs in various regions of Iran, 2010-2013. Methods: DNA was extracted from 108 lesion exudate samples of suspected patients to cutaneous leishmaniasis and nine liver and spleen aspirates of infected dogs cultured in RPMI-1640 and amplified using partial sequence of ITS1 gene...
June 2018: Journal of Arthropod-borne Diseases
Karla Dzul-Rosado, Cesar Lugo-Caballero, Juan Jose Arias-Leon, Freddy Pacheco-Tucuch, Gaspar Peniche-Lara, Jorge Zavala-Castro
Background: Tick-borne diseases are caused by several pathogens whose transmission could be associated to the life conditions of communities settled in endemic areas. We aimed to determine the knowledge, attitudes, and practices related to the exposition and prevention of tick-borne diseases among people living in a typical Mayan community of Yucatan, Mexico between Dec 2012 and May 2013. Methods: A directed survey was applied to 212 (100%) householders (women and men) from Teabo, Yucatan, Mexico...
June 2018: Journal of Arthropod-borne Diseases
Adedotun A Adenusi, Mary I Akinyemi, Dele Akinsanya
Background: Domiciliary cockroaches are obnoxious pests of significant medical importance. We investigated the prevalence of human intestinal parasites in cockroaches and its attendant public health importance. Methods: Overall, 749 cockroaches ( Periplaneta americana , 509, Blattella germanica , 240) caught by trapping from 120 households comprising 3 different housing types in Somolu, Lagos metropolis, southwest Nigeria, in 2015 were screened for human intestinal parasites using standard parasitological techniques...
June 2018: Journal of Arthropod-borne Diseases
Ali Ramazani, Mahdi Tavakolizadeh, Samira Ramazani, Hamidreza Kheiri-Manjili, Mehdi Eskandari
Background: Development of resistance against the frontline anti-malarial drugs has created an alarming situation, which requires intensive drug discovery to develop new, more effective, affordable and accessible anti-malarial agents. The aim of this study was to assess antiplasmodial activity of the different fractions of root extract of Glycyrrhiza glabra. Methods: Roots of G. glabra were collected from Tarom district of Zanjan Province in 2016 and then dried root material was chopped and consecutively extracted by the percolation method using solvents of different polarity...
June 2018: Journal of Arthropod-borne Diseases
Kourosh Arzamani, Zeinolabedin Mohammadi, Mohammad Reza Shirzadi, Seyed Mohammad Alavinia, Behruz Jafari, Jamshid Darvish
Background: Rodents are one of the most important hosts for some zoonotic diseases and also act as a reservoir of some ectoparasites and endoparasites. They cause damage to the farms and inflict public health. The aim of this study was to investigate the faunal composition of rodent in North Khorasan Province, Northeast of Iran. Methods: The sampling was carried out between 2011 to 2013. The specimens were collected using different methods including rodent death and live traps, digging of their burrow, and hand net from 75 different sample sites...
June 2018: Journal of Arthropod-borne Diseases
Fatemeh Yousefbeyk, Hassan Vatandoost, Fereshteh Golfakhrabadi, Zahra Mirzaee, Mohammad Reza Abai, Gholamreza Amin, Mahnaz Khanavi
Background: Scrophularia striata is a perennial plant which is native in all parts of Iran, Turkey, and Azerbaijan. In this study, the total phenol content, antioxidant and larvicidal activities of total extract and different fractions of this plant were evaluated. Methods: The aerial parts of S. striata were collected from Boli village, Illam Province, western Iran in Apr 2013. The total phenol content of total extract and different fractions were evaluated by Folin-Ciocalteu method...
June 2018: Journal of Arthropod-borne Diseases
Wajihullah Khan, Haytham A Zakai, Khadija Khan, Sharba Kausar, Sana Aqeel
Background: Malaria and dengue are the most widespread infectious diseases of tropical countries with an estimated 219 and 50 million cases globally. The aim of the proposed study was to find out discriminating clinical features of falciparum malaria and dengue. Method: Falciparum malaria was diagnosed by looking at the ring and gametocyte stages by microscopic examination in Giemsa stained slides. Dengue was diagnosed by ELISA for dengue-specific IgM and IgG. Liver enzymes (AST and ALT) and kidney markers (creatinine and urea) were estimated by standard biochemical techniques...
June 2018: Journal of Arthropod-borne Diseases
Alireza Sanei-Dehkordi, Sahereh Gholami, Mohammad Reza Abai, Mohammad Mehdi Sedaghat
Background: Natural plant products as larvicides could be considered as desirable alternatives to synthetic chemical insecticides for vector management. This study was undertaken to assess the mosquito larvicide activity of the essential oil from fresh leaves of Platycladus orientalis against two medically important species of mosquito vectors. Methods: Essential oil was extracted by hydrodistillation and analyzed with gas chromatography and mass spectrometry (GC-MS)...
June 2018: Journal of Arthropod-borne Diseases
Hamed Ebrahimzadeh-Leylabadlo
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2018: Journal of Arthropod-borne Diseases
Gandílcia Aparecida de Carvalho, Rafael Antonio Nascimento Ramos, Rafael TrindadeMaia, Carlos Fernando Salgueirosa de Andrade, Candâmara Leucio Alves
Background: Dirofilaria immitis is an important filarioid transmitted by culicids. The vector role of these arthropods may be influenced by biological events as melanization against D. immitis larvae. This study aimed to detect the occurrence of melanization in Culex quinquefasciatus , Aedes ( Stegomyia ) aegypti and Aedes ( Stegomyia ) albopictus experimentally infected with D. immitis . Methods: Five populations ( Cx. quinquefasciatus RECIFE (P1), Ae. albopictus RECIFE (P2), Ae...
March 2018: Journal of Arthropod-borne Diseases
Hassan Vatandoost, Arezoo Rustaie, Zeynab Talaeian, Mohammad Reza Abai, Fatemeh Moradkhani, Mahdi Vazirian, Abbas Hadjiakhoondi, Mohammad Reza Shams-Ardekani, Mahnaz Khanavi
Background: Malaria, a mosquito-transmitted disease, is still a major human health problem all over the world. Larviciding is a component of comprehensive control program to overcome the disease. Negative aspects of synthetic insecticides application, such as environmental safety concerns, have favored use of natural insecticides. Methods: Larvicidal activity of essential oil, extracts and fractions of a wild grown and a cultivated type of Bunium persicum fruits against malaria vector Anopheles stephensi was assessed according to the method described by WHO...
March 2018: Journal of Arthropod-borne Diseases
Sajjad Fekri, Ahmad Ali Hanafi-Bojd, Yousef Salari, Parivash Davoodian, Reza Safari, Habib Dadvand, Mohsen Mohebbi, Hossein Issazadeh, Zahra Kamali
Background: Leishmaniasis is one of the most important vector-borne diseases in Iran, existing in a variety of forms ranging from cutaneous to visceral forms. Jask County has been recognized as an endemic focus of the disease in the southeastern region of Iran. This study analyzed the situation of cutaneous leishmaniasis (CL) during 2006-2014. Methods: This cross-sectional analytical study was conducted on CL data got from health sector. ArcGIS 10.3 was exploited for the spatial analysis of CL...
March 2018: Journal of Arthropod-borne Diseases
Leila Masoori, Farnaz Kheirandish, Ali Haghighi, Mehdi Mohebali, Behnaz Akhoundi, Niloofar Taghipour, Latif Gachkar, Ali Chegeni-Sharafi, Vahideh Moin-Vaziri
Background: The fatal form of leishmaniasis is visceral form (VL), found in some of the countries in the world. Visceral leishmaniasis has been reported sporadically from all provinces in Iran, including Lorestan. This study aimed to characterize parasite species in DAT positive and some of the DAT negative human blood samples of Delfan district, Lorestan Province, central Iran. Methods: Blood s amples were collected from different geographical areas of Delfan. Serum was used for DAT test and remained part of molecular study...
March 2018: Journal of Arthropod-borne Diseases
Abdol Ali Golpayegani, Ali Reza Moslem, Amir Ahmad Akhavan, Azam Zeydabadi, Amir Hossein Mahvi, Ahmad Allah-Abadi
Background: Leishmaniasis is a re-emerging serious international public health problem, and both visceral and cutaneous types of leishmaniasis became important endemic diseases in Iran. In this study, the relationships between environmental factors (vegetation and elevation) and the prevalence of diseases have been investigated. Methods: All international and national online databases were searched by terms such as leishmaniasis, incidence, prevalence and other related words attributed to Iran and published until first quarter of 2015...
March 2018: Journal of Arthropod-borne Diseases
Khalil Pourkhalili, Hossein Fatemikia, Euikyung Kim, Navid Reza Mashayekhy, Naser Mohammadpour Dounighi, Abdollah Hajivandi, Yaghoob Hassan, Ramin Seyedian
Background: We investigated the hemodynamic changes (Inotropic, chronotropic and arrhythmogenic) in intravenously envenomed anesthetized rats with Hemiscorpius lepturus venom. The neutralizing potencies of different drugs and commercial antivenom were assessed simultaneously. Methods: Different doses of the crude venom (100, 200 and 400μg/rat) were injected during five minutes via the femoral vein and cardiovascular changes were recorded in rats in Razi Institute Corporation, Karaj, Iran in 2017...
March 2018: Journal of Arthropod-borne Diseases
Fatemeh Ghorbani, Hassan Vatandoost, Ahmad Ali Hanafi-Bojd, Mohammad Reza Abai, Hassan Nikookar, Ahmad Ali Enayati
Background: Culex pipiens is a mosquito species distributed in different parts of Iran. It is known as vector of some diseases as well as a nuisance insect. A successful control campaign needs to study the biology, ecology and susceptibility status of the target pest. The aim of this study was to investigate the susceptibility status of Culex pipiens to some insecticides recommended by WHO in north of Iran. Methods: Larvae were collected from different breeding places in Sari County by standard dipping method...
March 2018: Journal of Arthropod-borne Diseases
Hamid Kassiri, Majid Zarrin, Rahele Veys-Behbahani
Background: Cockroaches are the most prevalent domestic pests of a worldwide distribution. They were recognized as possible vectors of pathogenic bacteria, viruses, fungi and parasites in residential dwellings and hospital environments. The present study isolated and identified yeasts and filamentous fungi from digestive tract of American cockroaches, collected from three different residential regions of Iran. Methods: Seventy cockroaches were sampled using direct collection (hand catch), vacuum cleaner and sticky traps in Ahvaz, Iran in 2009-2010...
March 2018: Journal of Arthropod-borne Diseases
Zahra Saeidi, Hassan Vatandoost
Iran has a wide variety of zoogeographical regions and different seasons. Here are some important mosquito-borne diseases. Mosquitoes normally live in waters. Its aquatic insect fauna is highly unexplored. To being resolved this faunal gap, a variety of literature records from previous century in different parts of Iran was reviewed. In some southern and southeastern foci in Iran, Malaria is still a main endemic disease which is unstable with two seasonal spring and autumn peaks even though Iran is lunching Malaria elimination...
March 2018: Journal of Arthropod-borne Diseases
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