Read by QxMD icon Read

Journal of Arthropod-borne Diseases

Khodadad Pirali-Kheirabadi, Amir Dehghani-Samani, Nader Ahmadi-Baberi, Vida Najafzadeh
BACKGROUND: Pigeons (Columba livia) have been kept as pet and reared for food in several countries including Iran. Ectoparasites are regarded as the basic causes of retardation in growth, lowered vitality and poor conditions of the birds. Pseudolynchia canariensis a hippoboscidae fly is one of the important ectoparasites of pigeons and is responsible for the transmission of pathogens to birds and humans same as pathogenic protozoan Haemoproteus columbae. METHODS: A herd of domestic pigeons contained 50 pigeons in Shahrekord, southwest Iran was evaluated clinically infested by ectoparasites...
September 2016: Journal of Arthropod-borne Diseases
Maryam Ganjali, Mojtaba Keighobadi
Myiasis is the infection caused by a variety of dipterous (fly) larvae in vertebrate's tissue (man and domestic or wild animals). Species of Gasterophilus are obligate parasite of horses, donkeys, zebras, elephants and rhinoceroses. There are records worldwide, but mostly, in tropical and subtropical regions. This case report describes a type of gastric myiasis caused by G. intestinalis in an old lion in a zoo in Sistan, southeast Iran. Myiasis in lions is rarely reported and this is the first report of gastric myiasis in lion...
September 2016: Journal of Arthropod-borne Diseases
Seyed-Mohammad Omrani, Seyedeh-Fatemeh Moosavi, Kourosh Manouchehri
BACKGROUND: Microsporidia are known to infect a wide variety of animals including mosquitoes (Diptera: Culicidae). In a recent study on the mosquito fauna of Chahar Mahal and Bakhtiari Province, at the central western part of Iran, a few larvae of Anopheles superpictus were infected with a microsporidium-resembled microorganism. Current investigation deals with the identification of the responsible microorganism at the genus level. METHODS: Fresh infected larvae were collected from the field...
September 2016: Journal of Arthropod-borne Diseases
Afshin Salehi, Hassan Vatandoost, Teimour Hazratian, Alireza Sanei-Dehkordi, Hossein Hooshyar, Mohsen Arbabi, Yaser Salim-Abadi, Reza Sharafati-Chaleshtori, Mohammad Amin Gorouhi, Azim Paksa
BACKGROUND: Insecticide resistance is one of the serious problems for German cockroach control program. This study was conducted to determine the bendiocarb and Carbaryl resistance mechanisms in German cockroaches using the piperonyl butoxide (PBO). METHODS: Bioassay tests were conducted with 4 to 6 different concentrations of both insecticides with four replicates of 10 susceptible strain cockroaches per concentration to determine of discriminative concentration...
September 2016: Journal of Arthropod-borne Diseases
Hasini Banneheke, Sarath Paranavitane, Vathsala Jayasuriya, Sarath Banneheka
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to assess community knowledge and behavioral impact of the social mobilization and communication strategy applied in a dengue high-risk area in Sri Lanka. METHODS: A group of adults visiting selected primary care facilities in Colombo district were interviewed to collect socio-demographic data, attributes of knowledge regarding dengue and the responsive behaviors adopted by them following the dengue control program though the media and social marketing campaigns...
September 2016: Journal of Arthropod-borne Diseases
Maria Mohammadian, Sadegh Chinikar, Zakkyeh Telmadarraiy, Hassan Vatandoost, Mohammad Ali Oshaghi, Ahmad Ali Hanafi-Bojd, Mohammad Mehdi Sedaghat, Mehdi Noroozi, Faezeh Faghihi, Tahmineh Jalali, Sahar Khakifirouz, Nariman Shahhosseini, Firoozeh Farhadpour
BACKGROUND: Crimean-Congo Hemorrhagic Fever (CCHF) is a feverous and hemorrhagic disease endemic in some parts of Iran and caused by an arbovirus related to Bunyaviridae family and Nairovirusgenus. The main virus reservoir in the nature is ticks, however small vertebrates and a wide range of domestic and wild animals are regarded as reservoir hosts. This study was conducted to determine the infection rate of CCHF virus in hard ticks of Sarpole-Zahab County, Kermanshah province, west of Iran...
September 2016: Journal of Arthropod-borne Diseases
Ashish Uniyal, Sachin N Tikar, Murlidhar J Mendki, Ram Singh, Shakti V Shukla, Om P Agrawal, Vijay Veer, Devanathan Sukumaran
BACKGROUND: Aedes aegypti mosquito is responsible for transmitting human diseases like dengue and chikungunya. Personal or space protection with insect repellents is a practical approach to reducing human mosquito contact, thereby minimizing disease transmission. Essential oils are natural volatile substances from plants used as protective measure against blood-sucking mosquitoes. METHODS: Twenty-three essential oils were evaluated for their repellent effect against Ae...
September 2016: Journal of Arthropod-borne Diseases
Elahe Ebrahimzade, Roohollah Fattahi, Mohammad Bagher Ahoo
BACKGROUND: The aim of the present study was to determine the prevalence of ectoparasite infestations in stray dogs in Mazandaran, Gilan and Qazvin Provinces in fall and winter in 2013(December to March). METHODS: Seventy dogs in 2013, from these Provinces were examined for ectoparasite infestation and diagnosis of them based on parasitological methods and identification keys was done. RESULTS: The rate of infestation in these areas was 100%, 68...
September 2016: Journal of Arthropod-borne Diseases
Mohsen Karami, Seyed Hassan Moosa-Kazemi, Mohammad Ali Oshaghi, Hasan Vatandoost, Mohammad Mehdi Sedaghat, Ramazan Rajabnia, Mostafa Hosseini, Naseh Maleki-Ravasan, Yousef Yahyapour, Elaheh Ferdosi-Shahandashti
BACKGROUND: Wolbachia are common intracellular bacteria that infect different groups of arthropods including mosquitoes. These bacteria modify host biology and may induce feminization, parthenogenesis, male killing and cytoplasmic incompatibility (CI). Recently Wolbachia is being nominated as a bio-agent and paratransgenic candidate to control mosquito borne diseases. METHODS: Here we report the results of a survey for presence, frequency, and phylogenetic congruence of these endosymbiont bacteria in Culex pipiens populations in Northern, Central, and Southern parts of Iran using nested-PCR amplification of wsp gene...
September 2016: Journal of Arthropod-borne Diseases
Mona Sharififard, Mohammad Saeed Mossadegh, Babak Vazirianzadeh, Seyed Mahmood Latifi
BACKGROUND: Considering to the high distribution of cockroaches as urban pests, the efficacy of different formulations of Metarhizium anisopliae strain Iran 437C were assessed against the brown-banded cockroach, Supella longipalpa F. under laboratory and field conditions. METHODS: Metarhizium anisopliae isolates were screened with immersing adults of the brown-banded cockroachs in aqueous suspension of 10(8) conidia ml(-1) followed by surface or bait treated with different doses of the most virulent isolate against the nymphs...
September 2016: Journal of Arthropod-borne Diseases
Teimour Hazratian, Hasan Vatandoost, Mohammad Ali Oshaghi, Mohammad Reza Yaghoobi-Ershadi, Esmael Fallah, Sayena Rafizadeh, Mohammad Reza Shirzadi, Mansoreh Shayeghi, Kameran Akbarzadeh, Yavar Rassi
BACKGROUND: There are nearly 1000 species of Phlebotomine sand flies in 6 genera, of which only two, Phlebotomus in the old world and Lutzomyia in the new world are medically important. Globally, leishmaniasis prevalent in 98 countries and affects estimated 12 million people with almost two million new cases per year. Some rural areas of Azarshahr District in East Azarbaijan Province have been reported to be endemic for visceral leishmaniasis. This study is the first attempt to determine the species diversity and density in a new focus of visceral leishmaniasis in Azarshahr District, East Azarbaijan Province, Iran...
September 2016: Journal of Arthropod-borne Diseases
Farzaneh Ahmadnejad, Vahid Otarod, Amanollah Fathnia, Ali Ahmadabadi, Mohammad H Fallah, Alireza Zavareh, Nargess Miandehi, Benoit Durand, Philippe Sabatier
BACKGROUND: Geographic distribution of West Nile virus (WNV) is heterogeneous in Iran by a high circulation in the southern-western areas. The objective of our study was to determine environmental and climatic factors associated with the risk of WNV equine seropositivity in Iran. METHODS: Serological data were obtained from a serosurvey conducted in equine population in 260 districts in Iran. The climate and environmental parameters included in the models were distance to the nearest wetland area, type of stable, Normalized Difference Vegetation Index (NDVI), annual mean temperature, humidity and precipitation...
September 2016: Journal of Arthropod-borne Diseases
Thirumalapura Krishnaiah Mohankumar, Kumuda Sathigal Shivanna, Vijayan Valiakottukal Achuttan
BACKGROUND: Mosquitoes transmit serious human diseases, causing millions of death every year. Vector control is facing a threat due to the emergence of resistance to synthetic insecticides. Insecticides of botanical origin may serve as suitable alternative biocontrol techniques in the future. Nine different locally available medicinally important plants suspected to posse larvicidal property were screened against fourth instar larvae of Aedes aegypti and Anopheles stephensi to a series of concentrations of the methanolic extracts...
September 2016: Journal of Arthropod-borne Diseases
Hossein Dehghan, Javid Sadraei, Seyed Hassan Moosa-Kazemi, Esmail Abolghasemi, Hassan Solimani, Ahmad Jaffari Nodoshan, Mohammad Hassan Najafi
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to design pictorial key and taxonomic literature of Culex pipiens complex in Iran. METHODS: Larvae were collected using standard dipping methods in 13 randomly selected areas of Bushehr, Hamedan, Kerman, Khorasan-e-Razavi, Khuzistan, Mazandaran, Tehran, Sistan and Baluchistan and Yazd Provinces from April 2009 to October 2010. The data were analyzed using SPSS Ver. 11.5. RESULTS: Culex pipiens larvae were identified based on the Seta 1 of the abdominal segments III-IV in north and central parts of Iran...
September 2016: Journal of Arthropod-borne Diseases
Ali Nikpay, Sedigheh Nabian
BACKGROUND: Rhipicephalus (Boophilus) annulatus tick is one of the most important ectoparasite of cattle. Recently, several laboratories in the world have been concentrated on immunizing cattle against tick using various types of tissue extracts of ticks. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of immunization of cattle with tick salivary gland extract on biological parameters of ticks and humoral immune responses of cattle. METHODS: Fourteen more dominant protein bands identified as immunogenic by Western-blot analysis were eluted from polyacrylamide gel...
September 2016: Journal of Arthropod-borne Diseases
Mohammad Reza Aflatoonian, Iraj Sharifi, Bahnaz Aflatoonian, Mohammad Reza Shirzadi, Mohammad Mahdi Gouya, Alireza Kermanizadeh
BACKGROUND: Global findings indicate that incidence rate of cutaneous leishmaniasis (CL) has significantly increased during the past decade, as documented in many countries. This review was aimed to evaluate the trend of CL cases in terms of demographic and clinical characteristics during a decade after the earthquake (2003-2012) compared to the corresponding period before the earthquake in Bam (1993-2003). METHODS: Direct smear preparations along with different intrinsic methods were used for detection and identification of the causative agents...
September 2016: Journal of Arthropod-borne Diseases
Filiz Demirel-Kaya, Ömer Orkun, Ayşe Çakmak, A Çağkan İnkaya, Murat Öcal, Sibel Erguven
The larvae causing myiasis can lead extensive tissue destruction, invasion into deep tissues and secondary infections. Poor hygiene, low socioeconomic condition and presence of open wounds are the most important predisposing factors. This case report describes destructive wound myiasis in a 58-year-old male patient diagnosed with maxillary sinus squamous cell carcinoma who lives in a rural area in Ankara, Turkey. Approximately 200 larvae were collected and identified as Lucilia sericata by morphological examination...
June 2016: Journal of Arthropod-borne Diseases
Amrita Sharma, Lachhman Das Singla, Ashuma, Balvinder Kaur Batth, Paramjit Kaur
BACKGROUND: Present investigation is based on the clinicopatho-biochemical alteration related to natural tick borne bovine babesiosis in Punjab state. METHODS: Blood samples from jugular vein of 542 bovines (cattle 466 and buffaloes 76) having history of tick infestation, fever, hemoglobinurea or anemia were collected and tested for Babesia bigemina by blood smear examination and PCR targeting 18S rRNA gene to distinguish clinically and subclinically infected groups...
June 2016: Journal of Arthropod-borne Diseases
Waseem Akram, Hafiz Azhar Ali-Khan
BACKGROUND: Dengue is amongst the most serious mosquito-borne infectious disease with hot spots in tropical and subtropical parts of the world. Unfortunately, no licensed vaccine for the disease is currently available in medicine markets. The only option available is the management of dengue vector mosquito, Aedes aegypti (Diptera: Culicidae). METHOD: Predatory potential of five odonate nymphs namely Anax parthenope, Bradinopyga geminate, Ischnura forcipata, Rhinocypha quadrimaculata, and Orthetrum sabina were evaluated against the 4(th) instar larvae of the dengue vector mosquito, Aedes aegypti, under laboratory conditions...
June 2016: Journal of Arthropod-borne Diseases
Shahrzad Motaghipisheh, Baharak Akhtardanesh, Reza Ghanbarpour, Mohammad Reza Aflatoonian, Mohammad Khalili, Saeed Reza Nourollahifard, Saghar Mokhtari
BACKGROUND: Ehrlichiosis is an emerging tick-borne zoonotic disease caused by the family of Anaplasmatacea. Recently, outbreak of human monocytic ehrlichiosis was reported in northern part of Iran. Besides, serological evidence of canine monocytic ehrlichiosis caused by Ehrlichia canis was reported from southeastern of Iran but the epidemiology of this disease is almost undetermined in Iran. The present study was designed to use PCR for detection of Ehrlichia spp. in tick infested household dogs and determination of risks of disease transmission to dog's owners...
June 2016: Journal of Arthropod-borne Diseases
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"