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Journal of Arthropod-borne Diseases

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28032114/sandfly-fever-with-skin-lesions-a-case-series-from-turkey
#1
Fatih Temocin, Tugba Sari, Necla Tulek
Sand fly fever (SF) is an arthropod-borne viral disease, also known as "Phlebotomus fever", "mosquito fever", three-day fever or "Papatacci fever". It is transmitted by Phlebotomus papatasi, starts with acute onset of high fever, and lasts for three days. We present first cases in a different district of Turkey with the clinical findings of fever, myalgia-arthralgia, headache, gastrointestinal symptoms such as diarrhoea and nausea-vomiting and skin lesions (in two of them). All the patients were treated symptomatically and discharged with complete cure...
December 2016: Journal of Arthropod-borne Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28032113/vorticella-sp-prospective-mosquito-biocontrol-agent
#2
Chandrashekhar Devidas Patil, Chandrakant Prakash Narkhede, Rahul Khushal Suryawanshi, Satish Vitthal Patil
BACKGROUND: Considering the disadvantages of chemical insecticides, we aimed to evaluate Vorticella parasites for control of mosquito larvae of Anopheles stephensi and Aedes aegypti at different larval stages. METHODS: Vorticella sp infected mosquito larvae were crushed in the 0.85% saline and homogenized well to get Vorticella in suspension. The effects of Vorticella sp infections on larval development were investigated by inoculating protozoan on different larval instars of An...
December 2016: Journal of Arthropod-borne Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28032112/evaluation-of-some-plant-fruit-extracts-for-the-control-of-west-nile-virus-vector-culex-pipiens-diptera-culicidae
#3
Samed Koc, Ozay Hasan Evren, Huseyin Cetin
BACKGROUND: The extracts of different parts of plants were found very effective against various pests. The aim of this research was to determine the insecticidal activity of fruit methanol extracts obtained from Melia azedarach (Meliaceae), Phoenix theophrasti (Arecaceae), Styphnolobium japonicum (Fabaceae) and Pyracantha coccinea (Rosaceae) against the larvae of Culex pipiens (Diptera: Culicidae). METHODS: The fruits of test plants were collected from the Campus of Akdeniz University, Antalya, Turkey in 2013...
December 2016: Journal of Arthropod-borne Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28032111/epidemiological-study-of-endemic-relapsing-fever-in-hamadan-province-west-of-iran
#4
Mansour Nazari, Ali Najafi
BACKGROUND: Endemic relapsing fever remains under diagnosed in our area according to a low index of suspicion among clinicians, as well as its difficult diagnosis. The goal of this study was to present the epidemiological aspects of the disease in western Iran. METHODS: In this analytical-descriptive cross-sectional study, the epidemiological and clinical aspects of relapsing fever were investigated in Hamadan Province, western Iran from 1999 to 2013. A confirmed patient was defined as a person who had both febrile illness and detected spirochetes by Wright-Giemsa or dark-field microscopy in a peripheral blood smear...
December 2016: Journal of Arthropod-borne Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28032110/chemical-compositions-of-the-peel-essential-oil-of-citrus-aurantium-and-its-natural-larvicidal-activity-against-the-malaria-vector-anopheles-stephensi-diptera-culicidae-in-comparison-with-citrus-paradisi
#5
Alireza Sanei-Dehkordi, Mohammad Mehdi Sedaghat, Hassan Vatandoost, Mohammad Reza Abai
BACKGROUND: Recently, essential oils and extracts derived from plants have received much interest as potential bio-active agents against mosquito vectors. METHODS: The essential oils extract from fresh peel of ripe fruit of Citrus aurantium and Citrus paradisi were tested against mosquito vector Anopheles stephensi (Diptera: Culicidae) under laboratory condition. Then chemical composition of the essential oil of C. aurantium was analyzed using gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS)...
December 2016: Journal of Arthropod-borne Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28032109/spatial-analyses-of-the-relation-between-rodent-s-active-burrows-and-incidence-of-zoonotic-cutaneous-leishmaniasis-in-golestan-province-northeastern-of-iran
#6
Aioub Sofizadeh, Hassan Vatandoost, Yavar Rassi, Ahmad Ali Hanafi-Bojd, Sayena Rafizadeh
BACKGROUND: Zoonotic cutaneous leishmaniasis (ZCL) is one of the most important vector-borne diseases in Iran. Wild Rodents play as a reservoir. The main aim of this study was to determine spatial analyses of the relationship between rodent's active burrows and Incidence of ZCL in Golestan Province, north east of Iran. METHODS: The cross-sectional study was conducted in 59 rural districts in Golestan Province. Spatial distribution of rodent's active burrows, human cases of ZCL and Incidence of disease were collected, using Geographical Information Systems (GIS)...
December 2016: Journal of Arthropod-borne Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28032108/faunal-distribution-and-seasonal-bio-ecology-of-naturally-infected-sand-flies-in-a-new-endemic-zoonotic-cutaneous-leishmaniasis-focus-of-southern-iran
#7
Kourosh Azizi, Hayedeh Parvinjahromi, Mohammad Djaefar Moemenbellah-Fard, Bahador Sarkari, Mohammad Reza Fakoorziba
BACKGROUND: Cutaneous leishmaniasis is a major health problem in Iran in spite of implementation of control program. This infectious disease caused morbidity in less than 27000 people in 2010. This study was set to determine some ecological aspects of sand flies in Fasa district, Fars Province, southern Iran during 2011-2012. METHODS: A total of 4792 sand flies were captured by means of sticky paper and CDC miniature light traps in 10 selected villages from the beginning to the end of the active season, from which 1115 specimens were captured for abundance study and 3677 specimens captured for monitoring monthly activities in Fasa...
December 2016: Journal of Arthropod-borne Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28032107/genetic-analysis-of-aedes-aegypti-using-random-amplified-polymorphic-dna-rapd-markers-from-dengue-outbreaks-in-pakistan
#8
Hafiz Muhammad Ashraf, Muhammad Kashif Zahoor, Shabab Nasir, Humara Naz Majeed, Sarwat Zahoor
BACKGROUND: Keeping in view the havoc situation of dengue fever in Pakistan, the current study was designed to demonstrate the genetic variations, gene flow and rate of migration from Lahore and Faisalabad. METHODS: The larvae were collected from both natural and artificial breeding places from each collection site. The adult mosquitoes were collected by means of sweep net and battery-operated aspirator. DNA extraction was performed using TNE buffer method. Ten GeneLink-A series RAPD primers were used for PCR amplification and the data was analyzed through POPGENE...
December 2016: Journal of Arthropod-borne Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28032106/canine-visceral-leishmaniasis-in-wild-canines-fox-jackal-and-wolf-in-northeastern-iran-using-parasitological-serological-and-molecular-methods
#9
Mehdi Mohebali, Kourosh Arzamani, Zabiholah Zarei, Behnaz Akhoundi, Homa Hajjaran, Saber Raeghi, Zahra Heidari, Seyed Mousa Motavalli-Haghi, Samira Elikaee, Ahmad Mousazadeh-Mojarrad, Zahra Kakoei
BACKGROUND: Although many studies had been conducted on various aspects of canine visceral leishmaniasis (CVL) in domestic dogs in the endemic areas of Iran, investigations on CVL in wild canines are rare. METHODS: This is a cross-sectional study was conducted from December 2012 to 2013 in northeast of Iran where human VL is endemic. Wild canines were trapped around the areas where human VL cases had been previously identified. Wild canines were collected and examined both clinically and serologically using direct agglutination test (DAT)...
December 2016: Journal of Arthropod-borne Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28032105/evaluation-of-some-plant-essential-oils-against-the-brown-banded-cockroach-supella-longipalpa-blattaria-ectobiidae-a-mechanical-vector-of-human-pathogens
#10
Mona Sharififard, Farhad Safdari, Amir Siahpoush, Hamid Kassiri
BACKGROUND: Essential oils, as secondary plant compounds, present a safer alternative to conventional insecticides in insect control programs. So five essential oils including eucalyptus, mint, yarrow, oregano and rosemary oils were evaluated against the brown-banded cockroach Supella longipalpa. METHODS: Evaluation was done against the 3(rd) and 4(th) instar nymphs using three bioassay methods; continuous contact toxicity, fumigant toxicity and repellent activity...
December 2016: Journal of Arthropod-borne Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28032104/isolation-and-purification-of-an-antibacterial-protein-from-immune-induced-haemolymph-of-american-cockroach-periplaneta-americana
#11
Hamid Reza Basseri, Amir Dadi-Khoeni, Ronak Bakhtiari, Mandan Abolhassani, Reza Hajihosseini-Baghdadabadi
BACKGROUND: Antimicrobial peptides play a role as effectors substances in the immunity of vertebrate and invertebrate hosts. In the current study, antimicrobial peptide was isolated from the haemolymph of the American cockroach, Periplaneta americana. METHODS: Micrococcus luteus as Gram-positive bacteria and Escherichia coli as Gram-negative bacteria were candidate for injection. Induction was done by injecting both bacteria into the abdominal cavity of two groups of cockroaches separately...
December 2016: Journal of Arthropod-borne Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28032103/laboratory-evaluation-of-temephos-against-anopheles-stephensi-and-culex-pipiens-larvae-in-iran
#12
Mohammad Reza Abai, Ahmad Ali Hanafi-Bojd, Hassan Vatandoost
BACKGROUND: Malaria is still a health problem in Iran. There are several vector control activities, including Indoor Residual spraying, using insecticide treated nets and larviciding including Temephos. In addition nuisance mosquitos are prevalent in the urban areas. So that evaluation of this species to larvicide will provide a clue for management of vector control activities. METHODS: Two mosquito species were used in this study: Anopheles stephensi were collected from Kazeroun and Culex pipiens from Tehran, capital of Iran...
December 2016: Journal of Arthropod-borne Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28032102/evaluation-of-oxalic-acid-treatments-against-the-mite-varroa-destructor-and-secondary-effects-on-honey-bees-apis-mellifera
#13
Noureddine Adjlane, El-Ounass Tarek, Nizar Haddad
BACKGROUND: The Varroa destructor varroasis is a very serious parasite of honeybee Apis mellifera. The objective of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of Varroa treatment using organic acid (oxalic acid) in Algeria identifying its side effects on bee colonies. METHODS: Treatment was conducted in one apiary consisting 30 colonies kept in Langstroth hives kind. Oxalic acid dripped directly on bees 5ml of this solution of oxalic acid per lane occupied by a syringe...
December 2016: Journal of Arthropod-borne Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28032101/current-susceptibility-status-of-anopheles-stephensi-diptera-culicidae-to-different-imagicides-in-a-malarious-area-southeastern-of-iran
#14
Mohammad Amin Gorouhi, Hassan Vatandoost, Mohammad Ali Oshaghi, Ahmad Raeisi, Ahmad Ali Enayati, Hossein Mirhendi, Ahmad Ali Hanafi-Bojd, Mohammad Reza Abai, Yaser Salim-Abadi, Fatemeh Rafi
BACKGROUND: Anopheles mosquitoes are an important group of arthropods due to their role in transmission of malaria. The present study was conducted for determination of susceptibility status of Anopheles stephensi to different imagicides collected from malarious area in Chabahar city, Iran. METHODS: In the present study seven insecticides including: DDT 4%, lambdacyhalothrin 0.05%, deltamethrin 0.05%, permethrin 0.75%, cyfluthrin 0.15% and etofenprox 0.5% were tested based on WHO method...
December 2016: Journal of Arthropod-borne Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28032100/high-insecticides-resistance-in-culex-pipiens-diptera-culicidae-from-tehran-capital-of-iran
#15
Yaser Salim-Abadi, Mohammad Ali Oshaghi, Ahmad Ali Enayati, Mohammad Reza Abai, Hassan Vatandoost, Mohammad Reza Eshraghian, Hossein Mirhendi, Ahmad Ali Hanafi-Bojd, Mohammad Amin Gorouhi, Fatemeh Rafi
BACKGROUND: During recent years transmission of Dirofilaria immitis (dog heart worm) by Culex pipiens and West Nile virus have been reported from Iran. The present study was preformed for evaluating the susceptibility status of Cx. pipiens collected from capital city of Tehran, Iran. METHODS: Four Insecticides including: DDT 4%, Lambdacyhalothrin 0.05%, Deltamethrin 0.05% and Cyfluthrin 0.15 % according to WHO standard methods were used for evaluating the susceptibility status of Cx...
December 2016: Journal of Arthropod-borne Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28032099/some-new-records-of-culicoides-species-diptera-ceratopogonidae-from-iran
#16
Mohammad Abdigoudarzi
BACKGROUND: Biting midges of the genus Culicoides act as vectors for important diseases affecting humans and both wild and domestic animals. Collection of adult Culicoides specimens in the near vicinity of vertebrate hosts is the major part of any bluetongue surveillance plan. There are old records of Culicoides species dated from 1963, 1968 and 1975. Therefore, it was decided to collect different ceratopogonids members using a light trap. METHODS: One night catching using light traps with a suction fan was performed at representative sites (25 places) located in North Western Provinces (Ardebil, Eastern Azerbaijan, Western Azerbaijan and Zanjan) of Iran (suspected farms for clinical records of Bluetongue virus or serodiagnosis of the Bluetongue virus)...
December 2016: Journal of Arthropod-borne Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28032098/its2-rdna-sequence-variation-of-phlebotomus-sergenti-s-l-dip-psychodidae-populations-in-iran
#17
Vahideh Moin-Vaziri, Mohammad Ali Oshaghi, Mohammad Reza Yaghoobi-Ershadi, Pupak Derakhshandeh-Peykar, Mohammad Reza Abaei, Fatemeh Mohtarami, Ali Reza Zahraei-Ramezani, Aboulhassan Nadim
BACKGROUND: Phlebotomus sergenti s.l. is considered the most likely vector of Leishmania tropica in Iran. Although two morphotypes- P. sergenti sergenti (A) and P. sergenti similis (B)-have been formally described, further morphological and a molecular analysis of mitochondrial cytochrome oxidase I (mtDNA-COI) gene revealed inconsistencies and suggests that the variation between the morphotypes is intraspecific and the morphotypes might be identical species. METHODS: We examined the sequence of the ITS2-rDNA of Iranian specimens of P...
December 2016: Journal of Arthropod-borne Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28032097/discrimination-of-paederus-fuscipes-and-paederus-littoralis-by-mtdna-coi-pcr-rflp
#18
Sahar Bazrafkan, Hassan Vatandoost, Abbas Heydari, Hassan Bakhshi, Somayeh Panahi-Moghadam, Saedeh Hashemi-Aghdam, Fatemeh Mohtarami, Abbas Rahimiforoushan, Sinan Anlaandş, Mansoreh Shayeghi, Mohammad Ali Oshaghi, Seyed Mohammad Abtahi
BACKGROUND: Linear dermatitis is endemic in Iran where most cases occur in the Caspian Sea coast and Fars province. The disease is caused by beetles of the genus Paederus which are active from early spring to beginning of autumn although its incidence rises from May to August. The classic taxonomy of Paederus spp. is based on the male genitalia that is very complex and needs expertise. In this study, we report a DNA-based method to discriminate Paederus fuscipes and Paederus littoralis (=syn: P...
December 2016: Journal of Arthropod-borne Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28032096/serological-and-molecular-detection-of-dirofilaria-species-in-stray-dogs-and-investigation-of-wolbachia-dna-by-pcr-in-turkey
#19
Sami Simsek, Ayse Turkan Ciftci
BACKGROUND: Dirofilaria immitis and Dirofilaria repens are the most common species of filarial nematodes described in the dogs. A single-step multiplex PCR was applied to detect and differentiate simultaneously and unequivocally D. immitis and D. repens on DNA extracted from canine peripheral blood and besides to detect the seroprevalance of D. immitis by ELISA in Elazig Province, Turkey. A PCR detection of the Wolbachia, which plays an important role in D. immitis biology and contributes to the inflammatory pathology of the heartworm, was also applied for the first time in Turkey...
December 2016: Journal of Arthropod-borne Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28032095/control-of-phlebotomine-sand-flies-in-iran-a-review-article
#20
REVIEW
Mohammad Reza Yaghoobi-Ershadi
Leishmaniasis has long been known as a significant public health challenge in many parts of Iran. Phlebotomus papatasi and P. sergenti are the vectors of Zoonotic Cutaneous Leishmaniasis and Anthroponotic Cutaneous Leishmaniasis respectively, and 5 species of sand flies including P. kandelakii, P. neglectus, P. perfiliewi, P. keshishiani and P. alexandri are considered as probable vectors of Zoonotic visceral leishmaniasis. A literature search was performed of the relevant multiple databases from 1966 to 2013 to include studies on sand flies, vector control, leishmaniasis, Phlebotomus...
December 2016: Journal of Arthropod-borne Diseases
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