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Journal of Arthropod-borne Diseases

Manjit Panigrahi, Ansuman Panigrahi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2017: Journal of Arthropod-borne Diseases
Nadia Ali El-Dib, Wegdan Mohamed Abd El Wahab, Doaa Ahmed Hamdy, Mona Ibrahim Ali
Background: Urinary myiasis is a form of myiasis caused mainly by larvae of Fannia scalaris, Musca, Sarcophaga, Lucilia, Wohlfahrtia, Calliphora, and rarely by Eristalis and Clogmia albipunctata. Methods: This report presents a case of female patient complaining of dysuria and frequency of micturition associated with intermittent passage of small, motile, dark-colored worm-like organisms in urine. She was a married housewife aged 24 years old referred from the Tropical Outpatient Clinic of Beni-Suef University Hospital, Egypt...
December 2017: Journal of Arthropod-borne Diseases
Hossein Dehghan, Mohammad Ali Oshaghi, Seyed Hassan Moosa-Kazemi, Bagher Yakhchali, Hassan Vatandoost, Naseh Maleki-Ravasan, Yavar Rassi, Habib Mohammadzadeh, Mohammad Reza Abai, Fatemeh Mohtarami
Background: Enterobacter cloacae bacterium is a known symbiont of the most Anopheles gut microflora and nominated as a good candidate for paratransgenic control of malaria. However, the population dynamics of this bacterium within An. stephensi and its introduction methods to the mosquitoes have not yet been explored. Methods: Enterobacter cloacae subsp. dissolvens expressing green fluorescent protein and defensin (GFP-D) was used to study transstadial transmission and the course of time, larval habitat, sugar, and blood meal on dynamics of the bacterium in the mosquito life stages in the laboratory condition...
December 2017: Journal of Arthropod-borne Diseases
Arshad Veysi, Mohamad Reza Yaghoobi-Ershadi, Yavar Rassi, Nasibeh Hosseini-Vasoukolaei, Mahmood Jeddi-Tehrani, Aref Rezaee-Node, Fatemeh Gholampour, Zahra Saeidi, Mahboubeh Fatemi, Mohamad Hossein Arandian, Ali Khamesipour, Amir Ahmad Akhavan
Background: Establishment of sand flies laboratory colonies is essential to understand various biological aspects of Phlebotominae sand flies. The aims of the current study were to establish the colony of Phlebotomus sergenti Parrot (1917), the main vector of anthroponotic cutaneous leishmaniasis in old world, and to study biological parameters of this species. Methods: The sand flies were reared at 26-28 °C temperature, 14:10 (light: dark) photoperiod and 70-80% relative humidity...
December 2017: Journal of Arthropod-borne Diseases
Mohammad Khosravi, Mansour Mayahi, Farnoosh Kaviani, Mohammad Nemati
Background: Many elements such as immunosuppressive, chemotactic and anti-inflammatory peptide that could effect on human and animals physiologic system were determined in venom. This study evaluated the use of Mesobuthus eupeus scorpion venom fractions as an immunomodulator. Methods: The venom fractions collected from Khuzestan Province in South West of Iran were purified by ion exchange chromatography. Elution of the bounded elements was done by using a linear gradient of sodium chloride (0...
December 2017: Journal of Arthropod-borne Diseases
Eslam Moradi-Asl, Ahmad Ali Hanafi-Bojd, Yavar Rassi, Hassan Vatandoost, Mehdi Mohebali, Mohammad Reza Yaghoobi-Ershadi, Shahram Habibzadeh, Sadegh Hazrati, Sayena Rafizadeh
Background: Visceral leishmaniasis is one of the most important vector borne diseases in the world, transmitted by sand flies. Despite efforts to prevent the spread of the disease, cases continue worldwide. In Iran, the disease usually occurs in children under 10 years. In the absence of timely diagnosis and treatment, the mortality rate is 95-100%. The main objective of this study was to determine the spatial and temporal distribution of visceral leishmaniasis as well as its correlation with climatic factors for determining high-risk areas in an endemic focus in northwestern Iran...
December 2017: Journal of Arthropod-borne Diseases
Fatemeh Nikpour, Hassan Vatandoost, Ahmad Ali Hanafi-Bojd, Ahmad Raeisi, Mansour Ranjbar, Ahmad Ali Enayati, Mohammad Reza Abai, Mansoreh Shayeghi, Abdol Rasoul Mojahedi, Abolghasem Pourreza
Background: The aim of this study was to evaluate different concentrations of deltamethrin combined with formulated piperonyl butoxide (PBO) synergist on various surfaces against the wild strain of Anopheles stephensi, the main malaria vector in Southern Iran under semi-field condition. Methods: Four concentrations of deltamethrin WG 25% (Tagros) and PBO 800EC-UV (Endura) were prepared and sprayed on the pre-designed surfaces in accordance with WHO alliance line of the IRS Micronair®...
December 2017: Journal of Arthropod-borne Diseases
Fazilet Duygu, Tugba Sari, Turan Kaya, Nermin Bulut
Background: Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever (CCHF) is a fatal zoonotic viral disease caused by infection with a tick-borne virus of the genus Nairovirus. In this study, we investigated the incidence of brucellosis in patients diagnosed with CCHF. Methods: Overall, 169 patients hospitalized with an initial diagnosis of CCHF were included in 2011 in Tokat/Turkey. Immunoglobulin M (IgM) antibodies and/or PCR results were used in the laboratory diagnosis of CCHF, while plate and standard tube agglutination (STA) tests were used to diagnose brucellosis...
December 2017: Journal of Arthropod-borne Diseases
Yaser Salim-Abadi, Mohammad Asadpour, Iraj Sharifi, Alireza Sanei-Dehkordi, Mohammad Amin Gorouhi, Azim Paksa, Zohre Tayyebi, Abbas Aghaei-Afshar
Background: Culex quinquefasciatus (Diptera: Culicidae) is an important vector for many human diseases. The aim of this study was to evaluate the susceptibility level of larval and adult stages of Cu. quinquefasciatus to different groups of WHO recommended insecticides for vector control. Methods: Larval stages of the Culex mosquitoes were collected from their natural habitats in Rafsanjan County at Kerman Province, southeast of Iran in 2016. Insecticide susceptibility status of adult female Cx...
December 2017: Journal of Arthropod-borne Diseases
Oscar Páez-Rondón, Fernando Otálora-Luna, Elis Aldana
Background: We analyzed the external morphology and the external male genitalia of specimens of Nesotriatoma flavida of a laboratory colony founded with specimens from Guanahacabiles in Pinar del Río Province in the west of Cuba in 1980. This species was at first identified as different from N. bruneri and then later considered synonymous. Methods: We proposed to revise the morphological characters with which these species were considered as different and then later synonymous, such as the fossula spongiosa or spongy grooves, length of the first antenna segment, relationship length of eye to interocular distance, the form of the phallosome, phallosome support, and the endosome processes...
December 2017: Journal of Arthropod-borne Diseases
Seyed Mohammad Hoseini, Bahram Ali Zaheri, Mohamad Ali Adibi, Hooman Ronaghi, Amir Hossein Moshrefi
Background: The larval stages of Gasterophilus are obligate parasites in the gastrointestinal tract of equine accountable for pathologic ulcers in the Persian onager gastrointestinal. The aim of the current report was to study the histopathological change with G. pecorum larvae in the esophagus of a Persian onager. Methods: This study was performed in Iranian Zebra propagation and breeding site in Khartouran National Park, southeast of Shahrud City, Semnan Province, Iran in 2014...
September 2017: Journal of Arthropod-borne Diseases
Rouhullah Dehghani, Hamid Kassiri
Background: Scorpions are among the world's venomous arthropods, they sting humans every year, suffering painful symptoms or losing their lives because of the venom. Odontobuthus doriae Thorell 1876 (Arachnida: Scorpionida: Buthidae) is a scorpion of medical importance and therefore its geographical distribution in Isfahan Province has been studied. Methods: This descriptive cross-sectional study was designed between Mar and Jun in 2012 and 2013 in Province of Isfahan, central Iran...
September 2017: Journal of Arthropod-borne Diseases
Hazrat Bilal, Waseem Akram, Soaib Ali Hassan, Sadrud Din
Background: Dengue fever is a serious public health issue in Pakistan for many years. Globally plants have been reported to contain compounds with insecticidal properties. These properties have been demonstrated more recently on the larval stages of mosquitoes. Therefore, Citrus cultivar seeds were evaluated for larvicidal potential against the primary dengue vector Aedes aegypti . Methods: Extraction of oil was done by a steam distillation method and oils were evaluated according to WHO guidelines for larvicides 2005 for evaluation of insecticidal properties of citrus seed extracts against mosquito larvae...
September 2017: Journal of Arthropod-borne Diseases
Saeed Tavakoli, Hassan Vatandoost, Reza Zeidabadinezhad, Reza Hajiaghaee, Abbas Hadjiakhoondi, Mohammad Reza Abai, Narguess Yassa
Background: We aimed to investigate different biological properties of aerial parts essential oil of Ferulago trifida Boiss and larvicidal activity of its volatile oils from all parts of plant. Methods: Essential oil was prepared by steam distillation and analyzed by Gas chromatography and GC/Mass. Antioxidant, antimicrobial, cytotoxic effects and AChE inhibitory of the oil were investigated using DPPH, disk diffusion method, MTT assay and Ellman methods. Larvicidal activity of F...
September 2017: Journal of Arthropod-borne Diseases
Abedin Saghafipour, Hassan Vatandoost, Ali Reza Zahraei-Ramazani, Mohammad Reza Yaghoobi-Ershadi, Moharram Karami Jooshin, Yavar Rassi, Mohammad Reza Shirzadi, Amir Ahmad Akhavan, Ahmad Ali Hanafi-Bojd
Background: Cutaneous leishmaniasis (CL) is one of the most important health problems in many areas of Iran. There are two forms of the disease in Iran, anthroponotic and zoonotic CL. This study conducted to assess the epidemiological situation of CL in an endemic area of Qom Province, central Iran from Apr to Nov 2015. Methods: The sticky paper traps and aspirating tubes were used for collecting adult sand flies. Sherman traps and small insect nets were used to capture rodents and small mammals...
September 2017: Journal of Arthropod-borne Diseases
Mostafa Ramahdan Dokhan, Mohamed Amin Kenawy, Taher Shaibi, Badereddin Bashir Annajar
Background: Al Rabta is a rural area in the North-West of Libya that represents an important focus of zoonotic cutaneous leishmaniasis. This study aimed to evaluate the effect of Ultra Low Volume (ULV) applications in controlling sand flies and its impact on leishmaniasis transmission in this area. Methods: Two neighboring villages were selected: Al Rabta West (RW) as cypermethrin treated village and Al Rabta East (RE) as check one. The ULV was evaluated through 3 spraying cycles during Apr, Jun and Sep 2013...
September 2017: Journal of Arthropod-borne Diseases
Anita Mohammadiha, Abdolhossein Dalimi, Mohammad Reza Mahmoodi, Mehdi Parian, Majid Pirestani, Mehdi Mohebali
Background: Leishmania tropica , the causative agent of anthroponotic cutaneous leishmaniasis (ACL), and Leishmania major , which causes zoonotic cutaneous leishmaniasis (ZCL), are endemic in Iran. Methods: Cross-sectional study was designed to identify Leishmania species in cutaneous leishmaniasis patients who referred to Mashhad Health Centers from 2013 to 2014 using ITS-PCR-RFLP technique. First, physical examinations were performed in all suspected patients and CL cases were confirmed with microscopical examinations...
September 2017: Journal of Arthropod-borne Diseases
Mulood Mohammadi Bavani, Javad Rafinejad, Ahmad Ali Hanafi-Bojd, Mohammad Ali Oshaghi, Shahrokh Navidpour, Farrokh Dabiri, Mehdi Badakhshan, Esmaeil Ghorbani, Masoomeh Bagheri
Background: Scorpions are one of the most important medical arthropods in Iran. This study aimed to determine the fauna, spatial distribution and some morphological characteristics of these venomous arthropods in the study area. Methods: Scorpions were collected using Ultra Violet light, rock rolling and digging methods in West Azerbaijan, East Azerbaijan, and Ardabil Provinces during 2015-2016. The specimens were preserved in 75% ethyl alcohol and transferred to the laboratory for species identification and morphological studies...
September 2017: Journal of Arthropod-borne Diseases
Fahimeh Talebzadeh, Masoud Ghadipasha, Jaber Gharedaghi, Naser Yeksan, Kamran Akbarzadeh, Mohammad Ali Oshaghi
Background: Entomological data can provide valuable information for crime scene investigations especially in post-mortem interval (PMI) estimation. This study performed to determine insect fauna of human corpses in Tehran district. Methods: Insect specimens were collected from 12 human cadavers during spring and summer 2014 and were identified using morphological characteristics. Results: Four fly species including two blowflies Chrysomya albiceps and Lucilia sericata (Calliphoridae), one flesh fly Sarcophaga argyrostoma (Sarcophagidae), and one phorid fly Megaselia scalaris (Phoridae) and a beetle Dermestes maculatus (Dermestidae) was observed on the human cadavers...
September 2017: Journal of Arthropod-borne Diseases
Helen Hoosh-Deghati, Navid Dinparast-Djadid, Vahideh Moin-Vaziri, Hoda Atta, Abbas Ali Raz, Seyyed Javad Seyyed-Tabaei, Naseh Maleki-Ravasan, Hamzeh Alipour, Sedigheh Zakeri, Eznollah Azar-Gashb
Background: Malarious areas in Iran are close to Afghanistan and Pakistan that urge the researchers to extend their knowledge on malaria epidemiology to the neighboring countries as well. Vectorial capacity differs at species or even at population level, the first essential step is accurate identification of vectors. This study aimed to identify Anopheles species composition in selected malarious areas of Afghanistan and Iran, providing further applied data for other research in two countries...
September 2017: Journal of Arthropod-borne Diseases
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