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Journal of Arthropod-borne Diseases

Hamed Ebrahimzadeh-Leylabadlo
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2018: Journal of Arthropod-borne Diseases
Gandílcia Aparecida de Carvalho, Rafael Antonio Nascimento Ramos, Rafael TrindadeMaia, Carlos Fernando Salgueirosa de Andrade, Candâmara Leucio Alves
Background: Dirofilaria immitis is an important filarioid transmitted by culicids. The vector role of these arthropods may be influenced by biological events as melanization against D. immitis larvae. This study aimed to detect the occurrence of melanization in Culex quinquefasciatus , Aedes ( Stegomyia ) aegypti and Aedes ( Stegomyia ) albopictus experimentally infected with D. immitis . Methods: Five populations ( Cx. quinquefasciatus RECIFE (P1), Ae. albopictus RECIFE (P2), Ae...
March 2018: Journal of Arthropod-borne Diseases
Hassan Vatandoost, Arezoo Rustaie, Zeynab Talaeian, Mohammad Reza Abai, Fatemeh Moradkhani, Mahdi Vazirian, Abbas Hadjiakhoondi, Mohammad Reza Shams-Ardekani, Mahnaz Khanavi
Background: Malaria, a mosquito-transmitted disease, is still a major human health problem all over the world. Larviciding is a component of comprehensive control program to overcome the disease. Negative aspects of synthetic insecticides application, such as environmental safety concerns, have favored use of natural insecticides. Methods: Larvicidal activity of essential oil, extracts and fractions of a wild grown and a cultivated type of Bunium persicum fruits against malaria vector Anopheles stephensi was assessed according to the method described by WHO...
March 2018: Journal of Arthropod-borne Diseases
Sajjad Fekri, Ahmad Ali Hanafi-Bojd, Yousef Salari, Parivash Davoodian, Reza Safari, Habib Dadvand, Mohsen Mohebbi, Hossein Issazadeh, Zahra Kamali
Background: Leishmaniasis is one of the most important vector-borne diseases in Iran, existing in a variety of forms ranging from cutaneous to visceral forms. Jask County has been recognized as an endemic focus of the disease in the southeastern region of Iran. This study analyzed the situation of cutaneous leishmaniasis (CL) during 2006-2014. Methods: This cross-sectional analytical study was conducted on CL data got from health sector. ArcGIS 10.3 was exploited for the spatial analysis of CL...
March 2018: Journal of Arthropod-borne Diseases
Leila Masoori, Farnaz Kheirandish, Ali Haghighi, Mehdi Mohebali, Behnaz Akhoundi, Niloofar Taghipour, Latif Gachkar, Ali Chegeni-Sharafi, Vahideh Moin-Vaziri
Background: The fatal form of leishmaniasis is visceral form (VL), found in some of the countries in the world. Visceral leishmaniasis has been reported sporadically from all provinces in Iran, including Lorestan. This study aimed to characterize parasite species in DAT positive and some of the DAT negative human blood samples of Delfan district, Lorestan Province, central Iran. Methods: Blood s amples were collected from different geographical areas of Delfan. Serum was used for DAT test and remained part of molecular study...
March 2018: Journal of Arthropod-borne Diseases
Abdol Ali Golpayegani, Ali Reza Moslem, Amir Ahmad Akhavan, Azam Zeydabadi, Amir Hossein Mahvi, Ahmad Allah-Abadi
Background: Leishmaniasis is a re-emerging serious international public health problem, and both visceral and cutaneous types of leishmaniasis became important endemic diseases in Iran. In this study, the relationships between environmental factors (vegetation and elevation) and the prevalence of diseases have been investigated. Methods: All international and national online databases were searched by terms such as leishmaniasis, incidence, prevalence and other related words attributed to Iran and published until first quarter of 2015...
March 2018: Journal of Arthropod-borne Diseases
Khalil Pourkhalili, Hossein Fatemikia, Euikyung Kim, Navid Reza Mashayekhy, Naser Mohammadpour Dounighi, Abdollah Hajivandi, Yaghoob Hassan, Ramin Seyedian
Background: We investigated the hemodynamic changes (Inotropic, chronotropic and arrhythmogenic) in intravenously envenomed anesthetized rats with Hemiscorpius lepturus venom. The neutralizing potencies of different drugs and commercial antivenom were assessed simultaneously. Methods: Different doses of the crude venom (100, 200 and 400μg/rat) were injected during five minutes via the femoral vein and cardiovascular changes were recorded in rats in Razi Institute Corporation, Karaj, Iran in 2017...
March 2018: Journal of Arthropod-borne Diseases
Fatemeh Ghorbani, Hassan Vatandoost, Ahmad Ali Hanafi-Bojd, Mohammad Reza Abai, Hassan Nikookar, Ahmad Ali Enayati
Background: Culex pipiens is a mosquito species distributed in different parts of Iran. It is known as vector of some diseases as well as a nuisance insect. A successful control campaign needs to study the biology, ecology and susceptibility status of the target pest. The aim of this study was to investigate the susceptibility status of Culex pipiens to some insecticides recommended by WHO in north of Iran. Methods: Larvae were collected from different breeding places in Sari County by standard dipping method...
March 2018: Journal of Arthropod-borne Diseases
Hamid Kassiri, Majid Zarrin, Rahele Veys-Behbahani
Background: Cockroaches are the most prevalent domestic pests of a worldwide distribution. They were recognized as possible vectors of pathogenic bacteria, viruses, fungi and parasites in residential dwellings and hospital environments. The present study isolated and identified yeasts and filamentous fungi from digestive tract of American cockroaches, collected from three different residential regions of Iran. Methods: Seventy cockroaches were sampled using direct collection (hand catch), vacuum cleaner and sticky traps in Ahvaz, Iran in 2009-2010...
March 2018: Journal of Arthropod-borne Diseases
Zahra Saeidi, Hassan Vatandoost
Iran has a wide variety of zoogeographical regions and different seasons. Here are some important mosquito-borne diseases. Mosquitoes normally live in waters. Its aquatic insect fauna is highly unexplored. To being resolved this faunal gap, a variety of literature records from previous century in different parts of Iran was reviewed. In some southern and southeastern foci in Iran, Malaria is still a main endemic disease which is unstable with two seasonal spring and autumn peaks even though Iran is lunching Malaria elimination...
March 2018: Journal of Arthropod-borne Diseases
Manjit Panigrahi, Ansuman Panigrahi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2017: Journal of Arthropod-borne Diseases
Nadia Ali El-Dib, Wegdan Mohamed Abd El Wahab, Doaa Ahmed Hamdy, Mona Ibrahim Ali
Background: Urinary myiasis is a form of myiasis caused mainly by larvae of Fannia scalaris, Musca, Sarcophaga, Lucilia, Wohlfahrtia, Calliphora, and rarely by Eristalis and Clogmia albipunctata. Methods: This report presents a case of female patient complaining of dysuria and frequency of micturition associated with intermittent passage of small, motile, dark-colored worm-like organisms in urine. She was a married housewife aged 24 years old referred from the Tropical Outpatient Clinic of Beni-Suef University Hospital, Egypt...
December 2017: Journal of Arthropod-borne Diseases
Hossein Dehghan, Mohammad Ali Oshaghi, Seyed Hassan Moosa-Kazemi, Bagher Yakhchali, Hassan Vatandoost, Naseh Maleki-Ravasan, Yavar Rassi, Habib Mohammadzadeh, Mohammad Reza Abai, Fatemeh Mohtarami
Background: Enterobacter cloacae bacterium is a known symbiont of the most Anopheles gut microflora and nominated as a good candidate for paratransgenic control of malaria. However, the population dynamics of this bacterium within An. stephensi and its introduction methods to the mosquitoes have not yet been explored. Methods: Enterobacter cloacae subsp. dissolvens expressing green fluorescent protein and defensin (GFP-D) was used to study transstadial transmission and the course of time, larval habitat, sugar, and blood meal on dynamics of the bacterium in the mosquito life stages in the laboratory condition...
December 2017: Journal of Arthropod-borne Diseases
Arshad Veysi, Mohamad Reza Yaghoobi-Ershadi, Yavar Rassi, Nasibeh Hosseini-Vasoukolaei, Mahmood Jeddi-Tehrani, Aref Rezaee-Node, Fatemeh Gholampour, Zahra Saeidi, Mahboubeh Fatemi, Mohamad Hossein Arandian, Ali Khamesipour, Amir Ahmad Akhavan
Background: Establishment of sand flies laboratory colonies is essential to understand various biological aspects of Phlebotominae sand flies. The aims of the current study were to establish the colony of Phlebotomus sergenti Parrot (1917), the main vector of anthroponotic cutaneous leishmaniasis in old world, and to study biological parameters of this species. Methods: The sand flies were reared at 26-28 °C temperature, 14:10 (light: dark) photoperiod and 70-80% relative humidity...
December 2017: Journal of Arthropod-borne Diseases
Mohammad Khosravi, Mansour Mayahi, Farnoosh Kaviani, Mohammad Nemati
Background: Many elements such as immunosuppressive, chemotactic and anti-inflammatory peptide that could effect on human and animals physiologic system were determined in venom. This study evaluated the use of Mesobuthus eupeus scorpion venom fractions as an immunomodulator. Methods: The venom fractions collected from Khuzestan Province in South West of Iran were purified by ion exchange chromatography. Elution of the bounded elements was done by using a linear gradient of sodium chloride (0...
December 2017: Journal of Arthropod-borne Diseases
Eslam Moradi-Asl, Ahmad Ali Hanafi-Bojd, Yavar Rassi, Hassan Vatandoost, Mehdi Mohebali, Mohammad Reza Yaghoobi-Ershadi, Shahram Habibzadeh, Sadegh Hazrati, Sayena Rafizadeh
Background: Visceral leishmaniasis is one of the most important vector borne diseases in the world, transmitted by sand flies. Despite efforts to prevent the spread of the disease, cases continue worldwide. In Iran, the disease usually occurs in children under 10 years. In the absence of timely diagnosis and treatment, the mortality rate is 95-100%. The main objective of this study was to determine the spatial and temporal distribution of visceral leishmaniasis as well as its correlation with climatic factors for determining high-risk areas in an endemic focus in northwestern Iran...
December 2017: Journal of Arthropod-borne Diseases
Fatemeh Nikpour, Hassan Vatandoost, Ahmad Ali Hanafi-Bojd, Ahmad Raeisi, Mansour Ranjbar, Ahmad Ali Enayati, Mohammad Reza Abai, Mansoreh Shayeghi, Abdol Rasoul Mojahedi, Abolghasem Pourreza
Background: The aim of this study was to evaluate different concentrations of deltamethrin combined with formulated piperonyl butoxide (PBO) synergist on various surfaces against the wild strain of Anopheles stephensi, the main malaria vector in Southern Iran under semi-field condition. Methods: Four concentrations of deltamethrin WG 25% (Tagros) and PBO 800EC-UV (Endura) were prepared and sprayed on the pre-designed surfaces in accordance with WHO alliance line of the IRS Micronair®...
December 2017: Journal of Arthropod-borne Diseases
Fazilet Duygu, Tugba Sari, Turan Kaya, Nermin Bulut
Background: Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever (CCHF) is a fatal zoonotic viral disease caused by infection with a tick-borne virus of the genus Nairovirus. In this study, we investigated the incidence of brucellosis in patients diagnosed with CCHF. Methods: Overall, 169 patients hospitalized with an initial diagnosis of CCHF were included in 2011 in Tokat/Turkey. Immunoglobulin M (IgM) antibodies and/or PCR results were used in the laboratory diagnosis of CCHF, while plate and standard tube agglutination (STA) tests were used to diagnose brucellosis...
December 2017: Journal of Arthropod-borne Diseases
Yaser Salim-Abadi, Mohammad Asadpour, Iraj Sharifi, Alireza Sanei-Dehkordi, Mohammad Amin Gorouhi, Azim Paksa, Zohre Tayyebi, Abbas Aghaei-Afshar
Background: Culex quinquefasciatus (Diptera: Culicidae) is an important vector for many human diseases. The aim of this study was to evaluate the susceptibility level of larval and adult stages of Cu. quinquefasciatus to different groups of WHO recommended insecticides for vector control. Methods: Larval stages of the Culex mosquitoes were collected from their natural habitats in Rafsanjan County at Kerman Province, southeast of Iran in 2016. Insecticide susceptibility status of adult female Cx...
December 2017: Journal of Arthropod-borne Diseases
Oscar Páez-Rondón, Fernando Otálora-Luna, Elis Aldana
Background: We analyzed the external morphology and the external male genitalia of specimens of Nesotriatoma flavida of a laboratory colony founded with specimens from Guanahacabiles in Pinar del Río Province in the west of Cuba in 1980. This species was at first identified as different from N. bruneri and then later considered synonymous. Methods: We proposed to revise the morphological characters with which these species were considered as different and then later synonymous, such as the fossula spongiosa or spongy grooves, length of the first antenna segment, relationship length of eye to interocular distance, the form of the phallosome, phallosome support, and the endosome processes...
December 2017: Journal of Arthropod-borne Diseases
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