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Case Reports in Dermatological Medicine

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27895944/effects-of-cryolipolysis-on-abdominal-adiposity
#1
Patricia Froes Meyer, Rodrigo Marcel Valentim da Silva, Glenda Oliveira, Maely Azevedo da Silva Tavares, Melyssa Lima Medeiros, Camila Procopio Andrada, Luis Gonzaga de Araujo Neto
Cryolipolysis is a noninvasive technique of localized fat reduction. Controlled cold exposure is performed in the selective destruction of fat cells. The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of cryolipolysis on adipocytes elimination through histological and sonographic analyses. This study reports the case of a 46-year-old female patient, with complaint of localized abdominal fat and in the preoperative period of abdominoplasty. The patient was submitted to a single 60-minute application of cryolipolysis, temperature of -5°C, on the hypogastrium area, 5 cm below the umbilicus...
2016: Case Reports in Dermatological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27822395/generational-expression-of-muir-torre-syndrome-in-a-canadian-family
#2
Kaitlin Alexandra Vanderbeck, R Gary Sibbald, Nirosha Murugan
Muir-Torre syndrome (MTS) is a rare autosomal dominant inherited genodermatosis that is considered to be a phenotypic subtype of hereditary nonpolyposis colorectal cancer (HNPCC), commonly referred to as Lynch syndrome. We describe the clinical course of a 57-year-old female patient with MTS. She has a confirmed HMSH2 mutation. Recently she presented with two nodular lesions. Histologic examination confirmed these lesions to be sebaceous neoplasms. The patient has a history of endometrial and colorectal adenocarcinoma as well as several nonspecific sebaceous lesions throughout her life...
2016: Case Reports in Dermatological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27703816/sudden-appearance-of-indurated-erythematous-plaques-on-a-man-s-face
#3
A Carter, K Viswanathan, K Shulman
Rosacea fulminans (RF), previously known as pyoderma faciale, is a rare presentation of rosacea mostly seen in young women. RF is seen very rarely in men. We present below a case of a fifty-year-old male who presented with RF and was successfully treated with a combination of corticosteroids and isotretinoin.
2016: Case Reports in Dermatological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27478657/mugwort-mustard-allergy-syndrome-due-to-broccoli-consumption
#4
Yuri Sugita, Teruhiko Makino, Megumi Mizawa, Tadamichi Shimizu
Pollen-food allergy syndrome (PFAS) is a relatively rare form of food allergy which develops in individuals who are sensitized to pollen. Tree pollens, especially birch pollen, frequently induce PFAS; however, the incidence of PFAS due to grass or weed pollens such as ragweed or mugwort is relatively rare. Mugwort-mustard allergy syndrome (MMAS) is an example of a PFAS in which individuals sensitized to mugwort may develop an allergy to mustard and experience severe reactions. We herein describe a case of MMAS due to broccoli consumption...
2016: Case Reports in Dermatological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27478656/unusual-localisation-for-onychomatricoma-on-the-5th-toenail-a-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#5
A Coutellier, I Théate, O Vanhooteghem
Onychomatricoma is a rare and benign tumour of the nail matrix but originates rarely from the ventral portion of the proximal nail fold. This tumour is characterised by fingerlike projections that invade the nail plate. This lesion, of unknown aetiology, is typically asymptomatic with slow progression. Localisation on the finger is the most frequently described. We report the case of a 68-year-old woman who has an onychomatricoma in an unusual location, the fifth toe of the left foot. Due to its clinical appearance, the tumour can be confused with and treated as onychomycosis...
2016: Case Reports in Dermatological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27462473/corrigendum-to-cutaneous-plasmacytosis-with-perineural-involvement
#6
Elizabeth A Brezinski, Maxwell A Fung, Nasim Fazel
[This corrects the article DOI: 10.1155/2014/840845.].
2016: Case Reports in Dermatological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27437152/idiopathic-sporadic-onychomadesis-of-toenails
#7
Poonkiat Suchonwanit, Sunatra Nitayavardhana
Onychomadesis is a clinical sign of nail plate separation due to transient or permanent arrest of nail matrix activities. Onychomadesis can be considered as a severe form of Beau's line. This condition usually occurs after trauma, causal diseases, or medications, yet it rarely occurs as an idiopathic condition. We report a case of a 38-year-old Thai female who developed recurrence onychomadesis in several toenails in the absence of predisposing factors or associated conditions. To the best of our knowledge, our patient is the first reported case of idiopathic onychomadesis limited to toenails...
2016: Case Reports in Dermatological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27437151/a-challenging-giant-dermatofibrosarcoma-protuberans-on-the-face
#8
Gimena Castro Pérez, Cintia Arias, Paula Luna, Irene Sorín, Luis Daniel Mazzuoccolo
Dermatofibrosarcoma protuberans (DFSP) is a malignant fibrohistiocytic tumor that appears exclusively on the skin. It is a low-grade malignant soft tissue tumor of subcutaneous tissues that has a propensity for local recurrence but seldom metastasizes. It may rarely occur on the head and neck accounting for less than one percent of total head and neck malignancies. We present a man with a giant DFSP on the face. Oncological, functional, and aesthetic aspects are set forth.
2016: Case Reports in Dermatological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27403352/familial-pemphigus-vulgaris-occured-in-a-father-and-son-as-the-first-confirmed-cases
#9
Ali Haydar Eskiocak, Birgul Ozkesici, Soner Uzun
Pemphigus vulgaris (PV) is a chronic autoimmune bullous disease of the skin and mucous membranes. Although there is some evidence pointing towards a genetic predisposition by some human leukocyte antigen (HLA) genes, familial occurrence of PV is very rare. Most of the familial PV cases so far reported have been in mother and daughter and in siblings. PV in father and son, as presented here, has not been reported in the literature before, except an unconfirmed report. The diagnosis of PV was established by histologic, cytologic studies and enzyme linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) in Case 1 and by ELISA and BIOCHIP indirect immunofluorescence test in Case 2...
2016: Case Reports in Dermatological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27382493/mutation-in-lemd3-man1-associated-with-osteopoikilosis-and-late-onset-generalized-morphea-a-new-buschke-ollendorf-syndrome-variant
#10
Benjamin Korman, Jun Wei, Anne Laumann, Polly Ferguson, John Varga
Introduction. Buschke-Ollendorf syndrome (BOS) is an uncommon syndrome characterized by osteopoikilosis and other bone abnormalities, accompanied by skin lesions, most frequently connective tissue nevi. BOS is caused by mutations in the LEMD3 gene, which encodes the inner nuclear membrane protein Man1. We describe a unique case of osteopoikilosis associated with late-onset localized scleroderma and familial LEMD3 mutations. Case Report. A 72-year-old woman presented with adult-onset diffuse morphea and bullous skin lesions...
2016: Case Reports in Dermatological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27379188/focal-hyperhidrosis-associated-with-recurrent-urinary-tract-infections
#11
Dina Ismail, Vidya Madhwapathi, Evmorfia Ladoyanni
Hyperhidrosis affects almost 3% of the population and is characterized by sweating that occurs in excess of that needed for normal thermoregulation. It can occur as a primary disease or secondary to underlying clinical conditions. Hyperhidrosis can stem from neurogenic sympathetic over activity involving normal eccrine glands. We report the interesting case of a 75-year-old male patient with a 6-month history of new onset secondary focal hyperhidrosis of buttocks, pelvis, and upper thighs. Each time his symptoms worsened he was found to have culture positive urine samples for Escherichia coli (E...
2016: Case Reports in Dermatological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27293916/cutaneous-squamous-cell-carcinoma-with-invasion-through-ear-cartilage
#12
Julie Boisen, C Helen Malone, Brent Kelly, Richard F Wagner
Cutaneous squamous cell carcinoma of the ear represents a high-risk tumor location with an increased risk of metastasis and local tissue invasion. However, it is uncommon for these cancers to invade through nearby cartilage. Cartilage invasion is facilitated by matrix metalloproteases, specifically collagenase 3. We present the unusual case of a 76-year-old man with an auricular squamous cell carcinoma that exhibited full-thickness perforation of the scapha cartilage. Permanent sections through the eroded cartilage confirmed tumor invasion extending to the posterior ear skin...
2016: Case Reports in Dermatological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27190659/paraneoplastic-pemphigus-associated-with-follicular-dendritic-cell-tumor-in-the-mediastinum
#13
Aparna Mullangath Prakasan, Anne Jennifer Prabhu, Kanmani Velarasan, Selvamani Backianathan, Thomas Samuel Ram
Paraneoplastic Pemphigus (PNP) is an autoimmune bullous disease characterized by severe stomatitis, polymorphous skin eruptions, and underlying neoplasms. Diagnosis of cutaneous paraneoplastic disorders requires high index of suspicion. We describe a patient with PNP associated with follicular dendritic cell (FDC) tumor in the mediastinum, a rare neoplasm originating from follicular dendritic cells. Its management requires identification of underlying malignancy and treatment of the same. Our patient showed remission of PNP upon excision of the tumor and remained disease-free for 8 years...
2016: Case Reports in Dermatological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27144040/a-case-of-hereditary-leiomyomatosis-and-renal-cell-carcinoma
#14
Sarah Mehrtens, David Veitch, Elizabeth Kulakov, Conal M Perrett
A 49-year-old lady presented with multiple recurring painful lesions over her thighs, arms, and back. Past medical history included a left sided nephrectomy for renal cell carcinoma and a hysterectomy for multiple uterine fibroids (leiomyomas). Histopathological examination revealed changes consistent with pilar leiomyomas. Gene mutation analysis confirmed a diagnosis of hereditary leiomyomatosis and renal cell carcinoma. Hereditary leiomyomatosis and renal cell carcinoma is an uncommon autosomal dominant condition characterised by the concurrent presentation of cutaneous and uterine leiomyomas...
2016: Case Reports in Dermatological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27127662/confluent-and-reticulated-papillomatosis-of-gougerot-carteaud-on-black-skin-two-observations
#15
Kouadio Celestin Ahogo, Patrice Ildevert Gbery, Vagamon Bamba, Yao Isidore Kouassi, Elidje Joseph Ecra, Kouame Alesandre Kouassi, Ange Sylvain Allou
Confluent and reticulated papillomatosis of Goujerot-Carteaud is a rare and benign skin disease characterized by flat papules taking a reticulated appearance. It is a skin disease of unknown etiology and nosology that is always discussed. This disease preferentially involves the chest and interscapular regions. It is a condition probably underdiagnosed in black skin because it generally simulates a pigmented tinea versicolor. This pathology withstands antifungal treatment but has a particular sensitivity to cyclines thus constituting a distinguishing criterion, useful for diagnosis which should be evoked in front of these reticulated confluent papules...
2016: Case Reports in Dermatological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27110410/dabigatran-in-the-treatment-of-warfarin-induced-skin-necrosis-a-new-hope
#16
Christos Bakoyiannis, Georgios Karaolanis, Nikolaos Patelis, Anastasios Maskanakis, Georgios Tsaples, Christos Klonaris, Sotirios Georgopoulos, Theodoros Liakakos
Warfarin-induced skin necrosis is an infrequent and well-recognized complication of warfarin treatment. The incidence was estimated between 0.01% and 0.1% whereas a paradoxal prothrombotic state that arises from warfarin therapy seems to be responsible for this life-threatening disease. To the best of our knowledge we present the first case of an old woman diagnosed with warfarin-induced skin necrosis, in whom novel oral anticoagulants and extensive surgical debridement were combined safely with excellent results...
2016: Case Reports in Dermatological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27073702/acquired-localized-hypertrichosis-induced-by-rivastigmine
#17
Adrian Imbernón-Moya, Sebastian Podlipnik, Fernando Burgos, Elena Vargas-Laguna, Antonio Aguilar-Martínez, Eva Fernández-Cogolludo, Miguel Angel Gallego-Valdes
Hypertrichosis is the excessive hair growth in any area of the skin surface. Acquired localized hypertrichosis may be secondary to multiple causes and there is a secondary form due to several drugs, which is usually reversible with discontinuation of the causative agent. Rivastigmine is a reversible and competitive inhibitor of acetylcholinesterase and butyrylcholinesterase used for symptomatic treatment of Alzheimer dementia and Parkinson's disease. It has an adequate safety profile and cutaneous side effects are unusual...
2016: Case Reports in Dermatological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27066279/a-case-of-bullous-skin-disease-presenting-with-odynophagia-a-diagnostic-challenge
#18
G Kravvas, D Veitch, C M Perrett
We report a case of Epidermolysis Bullosa Acquisita (EBA) that presented as a diagnostic challenge. A 60-year-old Qatari lady presented with odynophagia, oral ulceration, and weight loss. Multiple physicians investigated her for over 6 months with a multitude of tests and serial gastroscopies, all of which failed to reach a conclusive diagnosis. Only after referral to a dermatologist and full body examination was diagnosis finally achieved. After reviewing the literature, we provide a summary of EBA and highlight the importance of comprehensive clinical reviews in order to avoid unnecessary morbidity...
2016: Case Reports in Dermatological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27051537/child-who-presented-with-facial-hematohidrosis-compared-with-published-cases
#19
Ali Jafar, Ali Ahmad
Hematohidrosis is a rare condition in which an individual sweats blood from intact, unbroken skin. The aetiology of hematohidrosis is not clear, although various theories exist to explain such a phenomenon. The general consensus however in the literature relates the finding to dermal capillary blood vessels that rupture under extreme emotional or physical stress exuding blood through the skin. In this case report we disclose a case of 12-year-old girl who presented with unusual painless bleeding from her face, eye, and tear duct...
2016: Case Reports in Dermatological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27022491/eleven-primary-melanomas-colon-cancer-and-atypical-nevi-in-the-same-patient-a-case-report-and-literature-review
#20
Lea Juul Nielsen, Lisbet Rosenkrantz Hölmich
Background. As the incidence of cutaneous malignant melanoma increases in the Caucasian population, an increasing population of melanoma survivors is at risk of developing multiple primary melanomas (MPM) as well as secondary primary cancers. Objective. To present a case of a patient with atypical nevi, 11 primary melanomas over 33 years, and colon cancer and to review the literature on multiple primary melanomas, atypical nevi, and correlation of nonmelanoma cancers. Conclusion. The literature indicates that patients with MPM are not uncommon, although 11 primary melanomas are rarely described, that patients with MPM may have a better survival than patients with single primary melanoma, that atypical nevi are a risk marker of not only melanoma in general but also MPM, and that melanoma patients have a significantly increased risk of developing nonmelanoma skin and other cancers, which may be even higher for patients with MPM...
2016: Case Reports in Dermatological Medicine
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