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Case Reports in Dermatological Medicine

Roxana Mititelu, Sarah Finch, Paul Dancey, Ian Landells
Pachydermodactyly is characterized by asymptomatic, progressive swelling of the lateral aspects of the 2nd to 4th finger along the proximal interphalangeal (PIP) joint without involving the joint itself. We present 2 interesting cases of patients with periarticular swelling who were initially diagnosed and treated as juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA) with subsequent clinical and pathology confirmation of pachydermodactyly. These cases emphasize the importance of considering pachydermodactyly in young patients with development of periarticular swelling and no joint involvement...
2018: Case Reports in Dermatological Medicine
Jeffrey S Dickman, McKay D Frandsen, Andrew J Racette
Lichen striatus (LS) is an uncommon, acquired, self-limited, and benign linear dermatosis of unknown etiology that most often occurs unilaterally and is confined to the lines of Blaschko. A healthy 7-year-old girl presented to our clinic with bilateral asymmetric LS occurring on the right arm and left leg of 1-year duration. Very few cases of bilateral LS have been previously reported in the literature, with none from clinics within the United States. The etiology of LS is currently unknown; however its confinement to Blaschko's lines, which represent embryologic migration of skin cell clones, does provide insight into a possible pathogenesis...
2018: Case Reports in Dermatological Medicine
Tania Ahuja, Frank R Chung, Tania Ruiz-Maya
We present a case of azathioprine hypersensitivity presenting as sepsis with elevated procalcitonin in a 68-year-old man with myasthenia gravis. The patient presented with fever, chills, nausea, vomiting, and headache. He developed numerous 1 cm erythematous papules over his upper torso. Infectious workup including bacteriological tests and microbial cultures was negative and a skin biopsy was performed which revealed suppurative folliculitis with eosinophils, consistent with drug hypersensitivity. Notably, acute phase reactants including C-reactive protein and procalcitonin were elevated upon presentation, likely secondary to drug hypersensitivity...
2018: Case Reports in Dermatological Medicine
O Vanhooteghem, I Theate
It is widely accepted that chronic burn wounds may lead to the development of various malignant skin tumors. Deep stage 3 burned areas may facilitate deeper carcinogenesis. Deep tissues are probably less subject to severe insult than is the epithelial layer during physical insult, suggesting that soft tissues transform to a lesser extent during the late stages of tumoral development as in an immunocompromised district with altered local immune defense with both cellular and humoral defense affected. Most authors claim that tumors are almost squamous cell carcinomas, although other types of malignancies such as basal cell carcinoma and, to a lesser extent, melanoma can also be seen...
2018: Case Reports in Dermatological Medicine
Saras Mane, Joseph Singer, Andrew Corin, Alex Semprini
Actinic keratoses form as rough, scaly plaques on sun-exposed areas; they can be an important step in premalignant progression to squamous cell cancer of the skin. Currently, pharmacological treatments consist of topical immunomodulatory agents with poor side effect profiles. Use of honey has been common in both ancient and modern medicine, where it is now a key therapy in the management of wound healing. In vitro studies show the New Zealand native Kanuka honey to have immunomodulatory and antimitotic effects, with recent evidence suggesting efficacy of topical application in a variety of dermatological contexts, including rosacea and psoriasis...
2018: Case Reports in Dermatological Medicine
Boushab Mohamed Boushab, Fatima-Zahra Fall-Malick, Leonardo K Basco
Leprosy is a chronic infectious disease that mainly affects the skin, mucous membranes, and peripheral nervous system. The clinical manifestations of leprosy are numerous and polymorphic with the most frequent signs involving skin and neurological damage. Some of its manifestations, such as joint pain, are unusual. Its elimination as a public health problem in many countries seems to lead to a lack of practical knowledge among health care personnel and as a consequence a risk of late diagnosis. As in other countries, leprosy has become rare in Mauritania...
2018: Case Reports in Dermatological Medicine
Astrid-Helene Ravn Jørgensen, Yiqiu Yao, Simon Francis Thomsen
Hidradenitis suppurativa (HS) is a chronic inflammatory skin disorder involving primarily the intertriginous skin of the axillary, inguinal, genital, and perianal areas of the body. It is characterized by recurrent inflamed nodules and abscesses, resulting in fistulae, fibrosis, and scarring. We present a case of HS refractory to local and systemic antibiotic therapy as well as anti-TNF and anti-IL12/23 that was successfully treated with secukinumab (anti-IL17A).
2018: Case Reports in Dermatological Medicine
Vanessa Di Palma, Jill P Stone, Andrew Schell, Jeffrey C Dawes
[This corrects the article DOI: 10.1155/2018/4192657.].
2018: Case Reports in Dermatological Medicine
Matthew L Clark, Courtney A Tobin, Angela Sutton, Tricia Ann Missall
Granuloma annulare (GA) is a common benign inflammatory skin condition classically presenting as skin-colored to erythematous dermal papules and annular plaques. Histologically, GA displays a dermal granulomatous infiltrate with palisaded histiocytes surrounding focally altered collagen. The exactly etiology of GA remains unknown, but it has been associated with trauma, various infections, diabetes mellitus, malignancy, thyroid disease, dyslipidemia, and several medications. In 2017, a case of GA developing in a patient treated with the interleukin 17A antagonist secukinumab was reported...
2018: Case Reports in Dermatological Medicine
Dustin Taylor, Natalie Kash, Sirunya Silapunt
Lymphangioma circumscriptum is a superficially localized variant of lymphangioma. The characteristic clinical presentation is a "frogspawn" grouping of vesicles or papulovesicles on the proximal limb or limb girdle areas. Though most lymphangiomas develop congenitally, the lymphangioma circumscriptum subtype is known to present in adults. We report a case of lymphangioma circumscriptum on the left inframammary area of an African American female with an unusual supernumerary nipple-like clinical presentation...
2018: Case Reports in Dermatological Medicine
Vanessa Di Palma, Jill P Stone, Andrew Schell, Jeffrey C Dawes
Verrucous carcinoma (VC) is a rare, low-grade, and well-differentiated variant of squamous cell carcinoma. These tumors are slow-growing and exophytic and have a negligible incidence of metastasis. Treatment is complete surgical resection, ideally by Mohs micrographic surgery, to ensure adequate clear margins. Cutaneous VC predominantly occurs on the plantar surface of the foot and rarely occurs in multiple sites. This case study describes the fourth reported occurrence of bilateral VC of the feet in a woman with chronic diabetic foot ulcers...
2018: Case Reports in Dermatological Medicine
Georgios Gaitanis, Dora Gougopoulou, Eleni Kapsali, Ioannis D Bassukas
Hydroxycarbamide (HC) is the first-line treatment for certain myeloproliferative neoplasms, such as polycythemia vera and essential thrombocytosis (ET). In a subset of these patients long-term treatment with HC can result in the development of confluent actinic keratoses (AK) followed by invasive keratinocytic carcinomas ("squamous dysplasia"), preferentially on sun-exposed skin. Discontinuation or dose reduction of HC may result in partial improvement. A 59-year-old farmer after 14 years on HC (2 gr/d) and acetylsalicylic acid (100 mg/d) for ET, was referred for numerous, hyperkeratotic AK on face, scalp, and hands that could not be controlled with repeated ( N = 15) cryosurgery sessions in the previous 3 years...
2018: Case Reports in Dermatological Medicine
Abigail I Franco, Gary Eastwick, Ramsay Farah, Marvin Heyboer, Mijung Lee, Paul Aridgides
We present a case report of a male with multifocal and extensive basal cell carcinoma. Due to extremely large size and deep tumor infiltration, he was not a surgical candidate. Combined modality treatment of fractionated radiation with concurrent vismodegib was chosen. Concurrent treatment was previously reported in the palliative and recurrent setting. This is the first case of concurrent vismodegib and radiation therapy for upfront definitive management. The patient experienced complete response in all treated lesions...
2018: Case Reports in Dermatological Medicine
Gerhard Eichhoff, Noriko Soffi Harun
Coincidence of psoriasis and atopic dermatitis (AD) is considered to be very rare, as a result of the different underlying immunopathology. This case report describes a patient with long history of atopy and AD who developed psoriatic nail changes and psoriatic arthritis (PsA). The patient's skin, however, revealed only eczematous lesions without manifestation of psoriasis.
2018: Case Reports in Dermatological Medicine
Sezin Fıçıcıoğlu, Selma Korkmaz
Onychophagia, which refers to compulsive nail-biting behavior, is common among children and young adults. Onychophagia can cause destruction to the cuticle and nail plate, leading to shortening of nails, chronic paronychia, and secondary infections. Relatively uncommon effects include pigmentary changes, such as longitudinal melanonychia and splinter hemorrhages. We report a case of a young adult with longitudinal melanonychia, splinter hemorrhages, punctate leukonychia, and pterygium inversum unguis, concurrently induced by onychophagia...
2018: Case Reports in Dermatological Medicine
Shinsaku Imashuku, Miyako Kobayashi, Yoichi Nishii, Keisuke Nishimura
Diagnosis and treatment of Langerhans cell histiocytosis (LCH) in elderly patients are often difficult. We report here a 61-year-old female suffering from a refractory axillary ulcer for nearly a year, whose biopsy revealed LCH. It was also noted that the patient had other cutaneous papulovesicular eruptions of LCH as well as central diabetes insipidus. The patient was first successfully treated with multiagent chemotherapy (cytosine arabinoside/vinblastine/prednisolone). DDAVP also well controlled diabetes insipidus; however, the axillary ulcer and cutaneous LCH relapsed...
2018: Case Reports in Dermatological Medicine
Priscilla R Powell, Juana Irma Garza-Chapa, Joseph S Susa, Stephen E Weis
Comedones occur when an overproliferation of keratinocytes blocks sebum secretion in a pilosebaceous duct. Comedones have multiple possible etiologies and contributing factors. While comedones are common to acne, they are also seen in occupational exposures and are associated with certain syndromes. We describe a particularly rare case of comedones at the perianus that is not associated with any known exposure or disease and is a rare incidental finding.
2017: Case Reports in Dermatological Medicine
Ali Haydar Eskiocak, Cumhur İbrahim Bassorgun, Sarp Uzun, Soner Uzun
Disseminated hypopigmented keratosis is a distinct clinical entity and only few cases have been reported so far. Here, we present a 21-year-old man with almost 10-year history of hypopigmented, nonfollicular, keratotic lichenoid papules occurring on the extensor surfaces of the extremities, back and lumber region. Histopathological examination showed orthohyperkeratosis, irregular acanthosis, and sporadic papillomatosis with a normal amount of melanin and number of melanocytes. In addition, no marked inflammation or melanophages were seen...
2017: Case Reports in Dermatological Medicine
Farhana Tahseen Taj, Divya Vupperla, Prarthana B Desai
Granulosis Rubra Nasi (GRN) is a rare disorder of the eccrine glands. It is clinically characterized by hyperhidrosis of the central part of the face, most commonly on the tip of the nose, followed by appearance of diffuse erythema over the nose, cheeks, chin, and upper lip. It is commonly seen in childhood but it can present in adults. Here we report a case of GRN in an adult patient with very unusual histopathological presentation.
2017: Case Reports in Dermatological Medicine
Sara B Huff, Lorie D Gottwald
Vitiligo is a common pigment disorder characterized by acquired loss of function or absence of melanocytes, leading to distinct areas of depigmentation. Physical exam reveals sharply demarcated, depigmented macules or patches on otherwise normal skin. Vitiligo can present at any age, in any skin color. There is no specific serologic marker for diagnosis, but patients often have other autoimmune problems. Treatment options are limited and are difficult given the fact that the pathogenesis of the disease is not well elucidated...
2017: Case Reports in Dermatological Medicine
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