journal
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Experimental Hematology & Oncology

journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30087805/emerging-therapies-in-advanced-hepatocellular-carcinoma
#1
REVIEW
Sowmini Medavaram, Yue Zhang
Background: Prognosis is very poor for advanced HCC patients partially due to lack of effective systemic treatment. Sorafenib was the only approved agent for advanced HCC since 2007 until recent breakthroughs. In this article, we will review the newer approved and promising agents in the treatment of advanced HCC in the first line setting and beyond progression. Main body: The Food and Drug Administration approved sorafenib as it demonstrated 3 months overall survival benefit compared to placebo in the first line setting over 10 years ago...
2018: Experimental Hematology & Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30002948/are-patients-with-high-risk-polycythemia-vera-receiving-cytoreductive-medications-a-retrospective-analysis-of-real-world-data
#2
Dilan Paranagama, Philomena Colucci, Kristin A Evans, Machaon Bonafede, Shreekant Parasuraman
Background: Patients with polycythemia vera (PV) have a higher mortality risk compared with the general population, primarily driven by cardiovascular disease, thrombotic events (TEs), and hematologic transformations. The goal of risk-adapted therapy in PV is prevention of TEs. Current treatment recommendations indicate that high-risk patients (aged ≥ 60 years and/or with history of TEs) should be managed with cytoreductive medications, phlebotomy, and low-dose aspirin. This noninterventional study was conducted to describe real-world cytoreductive medication treatment in adult patients with PV, stratified by risk, in the United States...
2018: Experimental Hematology & Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29989046/bullous-hemorrhagic-dermatosis-is-an-under-recognized-side-effect-of-full-dose-low-molecular-weight-heparin-a-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#3
REVIEW
Armand Russo, Susanna Curtis, Raisa Balbuena-Merle, Roxanne Wadia, Ellice Wong, Herta H Chao
Bullous hemorrhagic dermatosis (BHD) is a systemic side-effect of low molecular weight heparin, characterized by multiple intra-epidermal hemorrhages distant from the site of injection. There have been several small case series and literature reviews on BHD, but none have captured a complete set of reported patients. We sought to describe a case of BHD with late diagnosis and completely summarize the existing English and Spanish literature with searches of Pubmed, Scopus, Ovid Embase and Ovid Medline. After narrowing to 33 relevant reports, we describe 90 reported cases worldwide from 2004 to 2017, in addition to a new case from our institution as a means of comparison...
2018: Experimental Hematology & Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29977661/bone-marrow-transplant-associated-thrombotic-microangiopathy-without-peripheral-blood-schistocytes-a-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#4
Eric Wirtschafter, Christine VanBeek, Yuliya Linhares
Background: Bone marrow transplant-associated thrombotic microangiopathy (TA-TMA) is a relatively frequent but under-recognized and under-treated hematopoietic stem cell transplant (HSCT) complication that leads to significant post-transplant morbidity and mortality. Classic TMA-defining laboratory abnormalities appear at different times in the course of TA-TMA development, with schistocytes often appearing later in the disease course. In some severe TMA cases, schistocytes may be absent due to increased endothelial permeability...
2018: Experimental Hematology & Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29796337/understanding-metabolic-changes-in-aging-bone-marrow
#5
Kwasi M Connor, Young Hsu, Pardeep Kumar Aggarwal, Stephen Capone, Anthony R Colombo, Giridharan Ramsingh
Background: Aging is associated with complex molecular alterations at the cellular level. Bone marrow exhibits distinct phenotypic, genetic and epigenetic alterations with aging. Metabolic changes in the bone marrow related to aging have not been studied. Methods: In this study, we characterized the metabolome and transcriptome of aging murine bone marrow and compared it with bone marrow from young healthy mice and chemotherapy treated mice; chemotherapy treatment is known to induce age-related changes in hematopoiesis...
2018: Experimental Hematology & Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29774169/phase-2-study-of-everolimus-for-relapsed-or-refractory-classical-hodgkin-lymphoma
#6
Patrick B Johnston, Lauren C Pinter-Brown, Ghulam Warsi, Kristen White, Radhakrishnan Ramchandren
Background: The current standard of care for classical Hodgkin lymphoma (HL) is multiagent chemotherapy with or without radiation. In patients who relapse or fail to respond, additional high-dose chemotherapy with autologous hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (AHSCT) can improve progression-free survival (PFS). Novel therapies are required for patients refractory to chemotherapy and AHSCT. The mammalian target of rapamycin inhibitor everolimus has shown preliminary activity in preclinical models of HL and promising efficacy in patients with relapsed or refractory HL...
2018: Experimental Hematology & Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29761026/conservative-management-of-nivolumab-induced-pericardial-effusion-a-case-report-and-review-of-literature
#7
Shagufta Shaheen, Hamid Mirshahidi, Gayathri Nagaraj, Chung-Tsen Hsueh
Background: Nivolumab is an immune checkpoint inhibitor targeting programmed death-1 protein and has been approved for the treatment of multiple advanced malignancies. Adverse effects of immune checkpoint inhibitors are distinct from conventional cytotoxic chemotherapy and can be life-threatening if left unrecognized. Here, we present a case of nivolumab-induced pericardial effusion successfully managed with high-dose corticosteroids. Case presentation: A 70-year-old Caucasian female with a history of 50-pack-year cigarette smoking was diagnosed of recurrent adenocarcinoma of lung after initial surgery...
2018: Experimental Hematology & Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29744254/an-integrated-view-of-the-role-of-mir-130b-301b-mirna-cluster-in-prostate-cancer
#8
Rafael Sebastián Fort, Cecilia Mathó, Carolina Oliveira-Rizzo, Beatriz Garat, José Roberto Sotelo-Silveira, María Ana Duhagon
Prostate cancer is a major health problem worldwide due to its high incidence morbidity and mortality. There is currently a need of improved biomarkers, capable to distinguish mild versus aggressive forms of the disease, and thus guide therapeutic decisions. Although miRNAs deregulated in cancer represent exciting candidates as biomarkers, its scientific literature is frequently fragmented in dispersed studies. This problem is aggravated for miRNAs belonging to miRNA gene clusters with shared target genes. The miRNA cluster composed by hsa-mir-130b and hsa-mir-301b precursors was recently involved in prostate cancer pathogenesis, yet different studies assigned it opposite effects on the disease...
2018: Experimental Hematology & Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29682402/correlation-of-plasma-concentration-and-adverse-effects-of-bosutinib-standard-dose-or-dose-escalation-regimens-of-bosutinib-treatment-for-patients-with-chronic-myeloid-leukemia
#9
Akiko Mita, Maiko Abumiya, Masatomo Miura, Takenori Niioka, Saori Takahashi, Tomoko Yoshioka, Yoshihiro Kameoka, Naoto Takahashi
Purpose: To investigate the exposure-toxicity relationship of bosutinib and to identify the target trough plasma concentration (C0 ). Methods: The toxicity and C0 of bosutinib in Japanese chronic myeloid leukemia (CML) patients were monitored every 2 weeks for the first 3 months of treatment, and subsequently once a month during the 6 months after beginning 500 mg/day of standard dose (SD group, n = 10) or beginning 100 mg/day and increased by 100 mg every 2 weeks of dose escalation (DE group, n = 15)...
2018: Experimental Hematology & Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29651360/phosphatase-of-regenerating-liver-3-prl-3-is-overexpressed-in-classical-hodgkin-lymphoma-and-promotes-survival-and-migration
#10
Magnus Aassved Hjort, Håkon Hov, Pegah Abdollahi, Esten Nymoen Vandsemb, Unn-Merete Fagerli, Bendik Lund, Tobias Schmidt Slørdahl, Magne Børset, Torstein Baade Rø
Background: Phosphatase of regenerating liver-3 (PRL-3) is implicated in oncogenesis of hematological and solid cancers. PRL-3 expression increases metastatic potential, invasiveness and is associated with poor prognosis. With this study, we aimed to show a possible oncogenic role of PRL-3 in classical Hodgkin lymphoma (cHL). Methods: PRL-3 expression was measured in 25 cHL patients by immunohistochemistry and gene expression was analyzed from microdissected malignant cells...
2018: Experimental Hematology & Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29568696/aplastic-anemia-secondary-to-nivolumab-and-ipilimumab-in-a-patient-with-metastatic-melanoma-a-case-report
#11
D E Meyers, W F Hill, A Suo, V Jimenez-Zepeda, T Cheng, N A Nixon
Background: Immune checkpoint blockade (ICB) is becoming an increasingly prevalent strategy in the clinical realm of cancer therapeutics. With more patients being administered ICB for a host of tumor types, the scope of adverse events associated with these drugs will likely grow. Here we report a case of aplastic anemia (AA) in a patient with metastatic melanoma secondary to dual ICB therapy. To our knowledge, this is only the second case of AA secondary to dual ICB in the literature, and the first to have a positive patient outcome...
2018: Experimental Hematology & Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29560286/-pan3-psma2-fusion-resulting-from-a-novel-t-7-13-p14-q12-chromosome-translocation-in-a-myelodysplastic-syndrome-that-evolved-into-acute-myeloid-leukemia
#12
Ioannis Panagopoulos, Ludmila Gorunova, Hege Kilen Andersen, Astrid Bergrem, Anders Dahm, Kristin Andersen, Francesca Micci, Sverre Heim
Background: Acquired primary chromosomal changes in cancer are sometimes found as sole karyotypic abnormalities. They are specifically associated with particular types of neoplasia, essential in establishing the neoplasm, and they often lead to the generation of chimeric genes of pathogenetic, diagnostic, and prognostic importance. Thus, the report of new primary cancer-specific chromosomal aberrations is not only of scientific but also potentially of clinical interest, as is the detection of their gene-level consequences...
2018: Experimental Hematology & Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29484276/potential-added-value-of-a-rt-qpcr-method-of-sox-11-expression-in-the-context-of-a-multidisciplinary-diagnostic-assessment-of-b-cell-malignancies
#13
Julien Magne, Alizée Jenvrin, Adrien Chauchet, Olivier Casasnovas, Anne Donzel, Laurence Jego, Bernard Aral, Julien Guy, Nathalie Nadal, Dewi Vernerey, Patrick Callier, Francine Garnache-Ottou, Christophe Ferrand
Background: Expression of SRY [sex-determining region Y]-box11 (SOX11) is specific to mantle cell lymphoma (MCL) and contributes, in conjunction with immunoglobulin variable heavy chain gene mutation status, to the identification of two forms of this disease. Methods: The aim of this report was firstly, to design an easy and suitable RT-qPCR method to quantify SOX11 mRNA expression in mantle cell lymphoma and other B cell malignancies with the proper reference gene; secondly, to define the best threshold of relative quantity of SOX11 mRNA in order to reach the best compromise between sensitivity and specificity...
2018: Experimental Hematology & Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29456880/cost-effectiveness-of-nivolumab-in-patients-with-advanced-renal-cell-carcinoma-treated-in-the-united-states
#14
Charles McCrea, Sukhvinder Johal, Shuo Yang, Justin Doan
Background: We evaluated the cost-effectiveness of nivolumab versus everolimus in patients with advanced renal cell carcinoma (RCC) from a US payer perspective. Methods: A partitioned survival model consisting of three health states, progression-free survival (PFS), progressive disease, and death, was developed to evaluate the cost-effectiveness of intravenous nivolumab versus oral everolimus over a lifetime. The proportion of patients in each state was calculated based on parametric distributions fitted to PFS and overall survival (OS) data from CheckMate 025 (N = 821), a large randomized phase 3 trial of nivolumab versus everolimus for advanced RCC...
2018: Experimental Hematology & Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29445583/deep-sustained-response-to-daratumumab-monotherapy-associated-with-t-cell-expansion-in-triple-refractory-myeloma
#15
Saad Z Usmani, Imran Khan, Christopher Chiu, David Foureau, Lawrence J Druhan, Katherine Rigby, Tineke Casneuf, A Kate Sasser
Background: Daratumumab, a human CD38 monoclonal antibody that has direct on-tumor and immunomodulatory mechanisms of action, demonstrated clinical benefit as monotherapy or in combination with established regimens in patients with multiple myeloma with one or more prior lines of therapy. Case presentation: A male patient, who was 70 years of age at the time of diagnosis of multiple myeloma in 2011, relapsed after five lines of therapy, including autologous stem cell transplantation...
2018: Experimental Hematology & Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29416938/complete-response-in-advanced-breast-cancer-patient-treated-with-a-combination-of-capecitabine-oral-vinorelbine-and-dasatinib
#16
V Sgroi, M Bassanelli, M Roberto, E Iannicelli, R Porrini, P Pellegrini, A Tafuri, P Marchetti
Background: Currently, there are no data available on the best choice of treatment in heavily pretreated patients with advanced breast cancer. However, the combination of oral vinorelbine and capecitabine has been demonstrated to be effective and safe in patients with advanced breast cancer pretreated with anthracycline. Furthermore, some studies assessed the activity of dasatinib, an oral tyrosine kinase inhibitor that inhibits five oncogenic tyrosine kinase families, alone or in combination with different chemotherapy in patients affected with advanced breast cancer...
2018: Experimental Hematology & Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29344432/wt1-peptide-vaccine-in-montanide-in-contrast-to-poly-iclc-is-able-to-induce-wt1-specific-immune-response-with-tcr-clonal-enrichment-in-myeloid-leukemia
#17
Hongtao Liu, Yuanyuan Zha, Noura Choudhury, Gregory Malnassy, Noreen Fulton, Margaret Green, Jae-Hyun Park, Yusuke Nakamura, Richard A Larson, Andres M Salazar, Olatoyosi Odenike, Thomas F Gajewski, Wendy Stock
Background: The optimal strategy for vaccination to induce CD8+ T cell responses against WT1 is not known. Methods: A pilot randomized study in HLA-A02+ patients to receive vaccination with WT1 in Montanide or in poly ICLC, a TLR3 agonist, to explore the novel immune adjuvant was conducted. Seven patients were randomized. Four patients received WT1 in Montanide, and three with WT1 in poly ICLC. Five patients were in morphologic remission and two had residual morphologic disease at the study entry...
2018: Experimental Hematology & Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29214116/compassionate-use-of-ruxolitinib-in-acute-and-chronic-graft-versus-host-disease-refractory-both-to-corticosteroids-and-extracorporeal-photopheresis
#18
Mauricio Sarmiento Maldonado, Pablo Ramírez Villanueva, Pablo Bertín Cortes-Monroy, Veronica Jara Arias, Katherine Soto Donoso, Pablo Uribe Gonzalez, Mauricio Ocqueteau Tachini, Jose Antonio Perez-Simón
Background: Ruxolitinib is a potent inhibitor of JAK1/2 with proven efficacy in myelofibrosis. In recent years, research in graft versus host disease (GVHD) has revealed the role of activation of JAK pathways in alloreactive lymphocytes. Some reports have shown significant responses in refractory GVHD patients. Cases presentation: In this report we present our experience in 8 patients with acute or chronic GVHD with refractoriness to steroids and extracorporeal photopheresis treated with ruxolitinib...
2017: Experimental Hematology & Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29209558/development-and-clinical-application-of-anti-her2-monoclonal-and-bispecific-antibodies-for-cancer-treatment
#19
REVIEW
Shengnan Yu, Qian Liu, Xinwei Han, Shuang Qin, Weiheng Zhao, Anping Li, Kongming Wu
HER2-targeted immunotherapy consists of monoclonal antibodies (e.g. trastuzumab, pertuzumab), bispecific antibodies (e.g. MM-111, ertumaxomab) and activated T cells armed with anti-HER2 bispecific antibody (HER2Bi-aATC). Trastuzumab is a classic drug for the treatment of HER2 positive metastatic breast cancer. The combined application of pertuzumab, trastuzumab and paclitaxel has been suggested as a standard therapy for HER2 positive advanced breast cancer. The resistance to anti-HER2 antibody has resulted in disease progression...
2017: Experimental Hematology & Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29152412/histomorphological-responses-after-therapy-with-pegylated-interferon-%C3%AE-2a-in-patients-with-essential-thrombocythemia-et-and-polycythemia-vera-pv
#20
Lucia Masarova, C Cameron Yin, Jorge E Cortes, Marina Konopleva, Gautam Borthakur, Kate J Newberry, Hagop M Kantarjian, Carlos E Bueso-Ramos, Srdan Verstovsek
Background: Pegylated interferon alfa-2a (PEG-IFN-α-2a) is a potent immunomodulating agent capable of inducing high rate of hematologic and even complete molecular remission in patients with essential thrombocythemia (ET) and polycythemia vera (PV). We recently reported results of a phase 2 trial of PEG-IFN-α-2a in 83 patients with ET and PV after a median follow-up of 83 months. Here we report an analysis of bone marrow (BM) responses in these patients. Methods: Among 83 patients, 58 (70%, PV 25, ET 31) had evaluable BM samples...
2017: Experimental Hematology & Oncology
journal
journal
44146
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"