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Perspectives on Medical Education

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30006870/future-physician-scientists-could-we-catch-them-young-factors-influencing-intrinsic-and-extrinsic-motivation-for-research-among-first-year-medical-students
#1
Belinda W C Ommering, Floris M van Blankenstein, Cathelijn J F Waaijer, Friedo W Dekker
INTRODUCTION: The medical field is currently facing a physician-scientist shortage. One possible solution is to direct medical students towards a research oriented career. To do so, knowledge is needed on how to motivate medical students to do research. Therefore, this study examines motivation for research and identifies factors influencing intrinsic and extrinsic motivation for research among first-year medical students. METHODS: First-year medical students were surveyed at the beginning of their bachelor's program in 2016...
July 13, 2018: Perspectives on Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30006869/the-international-health-elective-a-stepping-stone-for-tomorrow-s-global-surgeons-and-anaesthetists
#2
EDITORIAL
Bilal Abou El Ela Bourquin, Sujit Gnanakumar, Michael F Bath, Tom Bashford, David K Menon, Peter J Hutchinson
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 13, 2018: Perspectives on Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29992438/applying-four-component-instructional-design-to-develop-a-case-presentation-curriculum
#3
Michelle Daniel, Jennifer Stojan, Margaret Wolff, Bizath Taqui, Tiffany Glasgow, Susan Forster, Todd Cassese
Medical students must gain proficiency with the complex skill of case presentations, yet current approaches to instruction are fragmented and often informal, resulting in suboptimal transfer of this skill into clinical practice. Whole task approaches to learning have been proposed to teach complex skill development. The authors describe a longitudinal case presentation curriculum developed using a whole task approach known as four-component instructional design (4-C/ID). 4‑C/ID is based on cognitive psychology theory, and carefully attends to titrating a learner's cognitive load, aiming to always keep students in their zone of proximal development...
July 10, 2018: Perspectives on Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29992437/on-learning-in-the-clinical-environment
#4
Matilda Liljedahl
INTRODUCTION: The clinical environment has been increasingly acknowledged as an important setting for learning within healthcare professional education. In particular, researchers have highlighted the need to advance the knowledge on the social nature of learning in the workplace setting. The aim of the thesis was to explore workplace learning among undergraduate medical and nursing students. METHOD: The thesis adopted a socio-cultural perspective on learning and employed a qualitative approach embedded in an interpretative tradition of inquiry...
July 10, 2018: Perspectives on Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29949099/-meded-exploring-the-relationship-between-altmetrics-and-traditional-measures-of-dissemination-in-health-professions-education
#5
Lauren A Maggio, Todd C Leroux, Holly S Meyer, Anthony R Artino
INTRODUCTION: Researchers, funders, and institutions are interested in understanding and quantifying research dissemination and impact, particularly related to communicating with the public. Traditionally, citations have been a primary impact measure; however, citations can be slow to accrue and focus on academic use. Recently altmetrics, which track alternate dissemination forms (e. g., social media), have been suggested as a complement to citation-based metrics. This study examines the relationship between altmetrics and traditional measures: journal article citations and access counts...
June 12, 2018: Perspectives on Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29881927/drawing-on-drawings-moving-beyond-text-in-health-professions-education-research
#6
Charlotte Rees
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 7, 2018: Perspectives on Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29736855/using-rhetorical-appeals-to-credibility-logic-and-emotions-to-increase-your-persuasiveness
#7
EDITORIAL
Lara Varpio
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 7, 2018: Perspectives on Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29736854/cultural-competence-and-curricular-design-learning-the-hard-way
#8
Mary Kate Worden, Nassima Ait-Daoud Tiouririne
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 7, 2018: Perspectives on Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29704167/context-and-clinical-reasoning-understanding-the-medical-student-perspective
#9
Elexis McBee, Temple Ratcliffe, Lambert Schuwirth, Daniel O'Neill, Holly Meyer, Shelby J Madden, Steven J Durning
INTRODUCTION: Studies have shown that a physician's clinical reasoning performance can be influenced by contextual factors. We explored how the clinical reasoning performance of medical students was impacted by contextual factors in order to expand upon previous findings in resident and board certified physicians. Using situated cognition as the theoretical framework, our aim was to evaluate the verbalized clinical reasoning processes of medical students in order to describe what impact the presence of contextual factors has on their reasoning performance...
April 27, 2018: Perspectives on Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29687333/shame
#10
Gretchen A Case, Karly A Pippitt, Benjamin R Lewis
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 23, 2018: Perspectives on Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29687332/sometimes-determination-and-compromise-thwart-success-lessons-learned-from-an-effort-to-study-copying-and-pasting-in-the-electronic-medical-record
#11
Jane P Gagliardi, Mariah J Rudd
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 23, 2018: Perspectives on Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29904901/the-script-concordance-test-an-adequate-tool-to-assess-clinical-reasoning
#12
EDITORIAL
Eugène J F M Custers
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2018: Perspectives on Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29904900/examining-the-effects-of-gaming-and-guessing-on-script-concordance-test-scores
#13
Stuart Lubarsky, Valérie Dory, Sarkis Meterissian, Carole Lambert, Robert Gagnon
INTRODUCTION: In a script concordance test (SCT), examinees are asked to judge the effect of a new piece of clinical information on a proposed hypothesis. Answers are collected using a Likert-type scale (ranging from -2 to +2, with '0' indicating no effect), and compared with those of a reference panel of 'experts'. It has been argued, however, that SCT may be susceptible to the influences of gaming and guesswork. This study aims to address some of the mounting concern over the response process validity of SCT scores...
June 2018: Perspectives on Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29797289/getting-with-the-times-a-narrative-review-of-the-literature-on-group-decision-making-in-virtual-environments-and-implications-for-promotions-committees
#14
REVIEW
Anita Acai, Ranil R Sonnadara, Thomas A O'Neill
INTRODUCTION: Concerns around the time and administrative burden of trainee promotion processes have been reported, making virtual meetings an attractive option for promotions committees in undergraduate and postgraduate medicine. However, whether such meetings can uphold the integrity of decision-making processes has yet to be explored. This narrative review aimed to summarize the literature on decision making in virtual teams, discuss ways to improve the effectiveness of virtual teams, and explore their implications for practice...
June 2018: Perspectives on Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29796976/characterizing-the-literature-on-validity-and-assessment-in-medical-education-a-bibliometric-study
#15
Meredith Young, Christina St-Onge, Jing Xiao, Elise Vachon Lachiver, Nazi Torabi
INTRODUCTION: Assessment in Medical Education fills many roles and is under constant scrutiny. Assessments must be of good quality, and supported by validity evidence. Given the high-stakes consequences of assessment, and the many audiences within medical education (e. g., training level, specialty-specific), we set out to document the breadth, scope, and characteristics of the literature reporting on validation of assessments within medical education. METHOD: Searches in Medline (Ovid), Web of Science, ERIC, EMBASE (Ovid), and PsycINFO (Ovid) identified articles reporting on assessment of learners in medical education published since 1999...
June 2018: Perspectives on Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29713908/when-to-trust-our-learners-clinical-teachers-perceptions-of-decision-variables-in-the-entrustment-process
#16
Chantal C M A Duijn, Lisanne S Welink, Harold G J Bok, Olle T J Ten Cate
INTRODUCTION: Clinical training programs increasingly use entrustable professional activities (EPAs) as focus of assessment. However, questions remain about which information should ground decisions to trust learners. This qualitative study aimed to identify decision variables in the workplace that clinical teachers find relevant in the elaboration of the entrustment decision processes. The findings can substantiate entrustment decision-making in the clinical workplace. METHODS: Focus groups were conducted with medical and veterinary clinical teachers, using the structured consensus method of the Nominal Group Technique to generate decision variables...
June 2018: Perspectives on Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29704169/how-are-competency-frameworks-perceived-and-taught-an-exploratory-study-in-the-context-of-pharmacy-education
#17
Elise Paradis, Rebecca Zhao, Jamie Kellar, Alison Thompson
INTRODUCTION: Faculties of Pharmacy worldwide have to adapt their curriculum to accreditation criteria. The present study explored how the Association of Faculties of Pharmacy of Canada's (AFPC's) 2010 Educational Outcomes are perceived and taught at the Leslie Dan Faculty of Pharmacy (LDFP). These outcomes were adapted from the CanMeds Physician Competency Framework which describes both medical expert and non-expert roles. METHODS: We wondered if pharmacy would struggle, as medicine has, to integrate these roles into curricula in meaningful ways, given the absence of previous studies from Pharmacy...
June 2018: Perspectives on Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29704168/crystallizations-of-constructs-lessons-learned-from-a-literature-review
#18
Meredith E Young
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2018: Perspectives on Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29704166/lies-damned-lies-and-statistics
#19
Geoff Norman
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2018: Perspectives on Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29691729/how-not-to-put-the-o-into-an-osce
#20
Tim Wilkinson
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2018: Perspectives on Medical Education
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