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Perspectives on Medical Education

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29305820/authoring-the-identity-of-learner-before-doctor-in-the-figured-world-of-medical-school
#1
Evangeline Stubbing, Esther Helmich, Jennifer Cleland
INTRODUCTION: Students enter the 'figured world' of medical school with preconceptions of what it means to be a doctor. The meeting of these early preconceptions and their newly developing identities can create emotional tensions. The aim of this study was to advance our understanding of how such tensions were experienced and managed. Using figured worlds as a theoretical framework we explored students' interactions of preconceptions with their newly developing professional identities in their first year at medical school...
January 5, 2018: Perspectives on Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29305819/medical-students-are-not-blank-slates-positionality-and-curriculum-interact-to-develop-professional-identity
#2
Kirkpatrick B Fergus, Bronte Teale, Milani Sivapragasam, Omar Mesina, Erene Stergiopoulos
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 5, 2018: Perspectives on Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29305818/measuring-cognitive-load
#3
EDITORIAL
John Sweller
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 5, 2018: Perspectives on Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29305817/cognitive-load-predicts-point-of-care-ultrasound-simulator-performance
#4
Sara Aldekhyl, Rodrigo B Cavalcanti, Laura M Naismith
INTRODUCTION: The ability to maintain good performance with low cognitive load is an important marker of expertise. Incorporating cognitive load measurements in the context of simulation training may help to inform judgements of competence. This exploratory study investigated relationships between demographic markers of expertise, cognitive load measures, and simulator performance in the context of point-of-care ultrasonography. METHODS: Twenty-nine medical trainees and clinicians at the University of Toronto with a range of clinical ultrasound experience were recruited...
January 5, 2018: Perspectives on Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29294255/detecting-rater-bias-using-a%C3%A2-person-fit-statistic-a%C3%A2-monte-carlo-simulation-study
#5
André-Sébastien Aubin, Christina St-Onge, Jean-Sébastien Renaud
INTRODUCTION: With the Standards voicing concern for the appropriateness of response processes, we need to explore strategies that would allow us to identify inappropriate rater response processes. Although certain statistics can be used to help detect rater bias, their use is complicated by either a lack of data about their actual power to detect rater bias or the difficulty related to their application in the context of health professions education. This exploratory study aimed to establish the worthiness of pursuing the use of l z to detect rater bias...
January 2, 2018: Perspectives on Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29294254/working-on-the-bias
#6
EDITORIAL
Anna Harris
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2, 2018: Perspectives on Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29260402/writing-an-effective-literature-review-part%C3%A2-i-mapping-the-gap
#7
EDITORIAL
Lorelei Lingard
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 19, 2017: Perspectives on Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29256055/using-parent-feedback-a%C3%A2-qualitative-study-of-residents-and-physician-educators-perspectives
#8
Kaylee Eady, Katherine A Moreau
INTRODUCTION: Patients and family members can contribute to resident assessment in competency-based medical education. However, few studies have examined the use of patient/family member feedback generated from questionnaire-based assessments. To implement appropriate assessment strategies and optimize feedback use, we need to understand how residents and physician-educators would use feedback from these stakeholders. This study aimed to understand how paediatric residents and physician-educators would use parent feedback generated from questionnaire-based assessments...
December 18, 2017: Perspectives on Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29256054/bad-faith-medical-education-and-post-truth
#9
EDITORIAL
Alan Bleakley
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 18, 2017: Perspectives on Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29256053/effects-of-medical-school-selection-on-student-motivation-a%C3%A2-phd-thesis-report
#10
Anouk Wouters
INTRODUCTION: High stakes are involved in student selection, for both medical schools and applicants. This thesis investigated the effects of selection on the medical student population and applicant pool in the Dutch setting. METHODS: This thesis consists of six papers: two quantitative studies, one qualitative study, two mixed methods studies and one perspective paper based on a review of the literature. RESULTS: (1) Compared with a lottery, selection does not result in a student population with better motivation, engagement and performance, both in the clinical and pre-clinical phases of the study...
December 18, 2017: Perspectives on Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29256052/contemplate-a%C3%A2-mnemonic-to-help-medical-educators-infuse-reflection-into-their-residency-curriculum
#11
Lawrence Cheung
Reflection, where clinical experiences are analyzed to gain greater understanding and meaning, is an important step in workplace learning. Residency programs must teach their residents the skills needed for deep reflection. Medical educators may find it difficult to construct a curriculum which includes the key elements needed to enable learners to attain these skills. When we first implemented reflection into our residency curriculum, we soon realized that our curriculum only taught residents how to engage in superficial reflection...
December 18, 2017: Perspectives on Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29209996/understanding-ownership-of-patient-care-a%C3%A2-dual-site-qualitative-study-of-faculty-and-residents-from-medicine-and-psychiatry
#12
Deborah S Cowley, Jesse D Markman, Jennifer A Best, Erica L Greenberg, Michael J Grodesky, Suzanne B Murray, Kelli A Corning, Mitchell R Levy, William E Greenberg
INTRODUCTION: With changes in duty hours and supervision requirements, educators have raised concerns about erosion of patient care ownership by resident physicians. However, the definition of ownership is unclear. This qualitative study investigated definitions of ownership in medicine and psychiatry faculty and residents. METHODS: The authors distributed an anonymous online survey regarding definitions of ownership to faculty and residents at the psychiatry and internal medicine residency programs at the University of Washington and the Harvard Longwood psychiatry residency and conducted a qualitative analysis of free-text responses to identify emergent themes...
December 5, 2017: Perspectives on Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29170986/medical-students-intrinsic-versus-extrinsic-motivation-to-engage-in-research-as-preparation-for-residency
#13
Belinda W C Ommering, Friedo W Dekker
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 23, 2017: Perspectives on Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29170985/perceptions-of-busyness-in-the-emergency-department-an%C3%A2-opportunity-to-address-a%C3%A2-training-gap-through-competency-based-education
#14
Glen Bandiera, Kaif Pardhan
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 23, 2017: Perspectives on Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29134620/pre-residency-publication-and-its-association-with-paediatric-residency-match-outcome-a%C3%A2-retrospective-analysis-of-a%C3%A2-national-database
#15
Ronish Gupta, Mark L Norris, Nicholas Barrowman, Hilary Writer
INTRODUCTION: Scholarly activity is considered valuable in the resident selection process by candidates and program directors alike, despite existing literature suggesting applicants with scholarly work do not perform better in the match. These studies, however, are limited in that they have only measured whether candidates have successfully matched or not. To try and reconcile the existing disconnect in the value of pre-residency scholarly activity, we sought to deepen the understanding by investigating whether pre-residency publication is associated with a higher rank-order list match achievement...
November 13, 2017: Perspectives on Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29119470/failure-to-flow-an-exploration-of-learning-and-teaching-in-busy-multi-patient-environments-using-an-interpretive-description-method
#16
Teresa M Chan, Kenneth Van Dewark, Jonathan Sherbino, Alan Schwartz, Geoff Norman, Matthew Lineberry
INTRODUCTION: As patient volumes continue to increase, more attention must be paid to skills that foster efficiency without sacrificing patient safety. The emergency department is a fertile ground for examining leadership and management skills, especially those that concern prioritization in multi-patient environments. We sought to understand the needs of emergency physicians (EPs) and emergency medicine junior trainees with regards to teaching and learning about how best to handle busy, multi-patient environments...
November 8, 2017: Perspectives on Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29119469/learning-to-prescribe-intravenous-fluids-a%C3%A2-scoping-review
#17
REVIEW
Richard F R McCrory, Gerard Joseph Gormley, Alexander Peter Maxwell, Tim Dornan
INTRODUCTION: Prescribing intravenous (IV) fluid therapy is a core skill expected of qualified doctors at the point of graduation, but medical graduates often feel ill-equipped to perform this task. This lack of preparedness contributes to treatment-related patient harm. This scoping review maps the current state of published evidence about how junior doctors prescribe IV fluid therapy and learn how to do it. METHODS: We searched five electronic databases and grey literature from 1994 until June 2016 for articles describing any aspect of IV fluid prescribing practice or its education...
November 8, 2017: Perspectives on Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29098637/standardized-residency-training-in-china-the-new-internal-medicine-curriculum
#18
Jonathan Lio, Yanqing Ye, Hongmei Dong, Shalini Reddy, John McConville, Renslow Sherer
China formally established a system of national standardized medical residency training in 2014, which affects the health of its 1.4 billion people. Accompanying this system were new guidelines and standards for internal medicine residency training. However, the majority of the standards focused on process measurements, such as minimum case requirements of diseases and procedural skills, rather than describing broader physician competencies in the domains of professionalism, patient care, communication, teamwork, quality improvement, and scholarship...
November 2, 2017: Perspectives on Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29230711/hospital-wide-education-committees-and-high-quality-residency-training-a%C3%A2-qualitative-study
#19
Milou E W M Silkens, Irene A Slootweg, Albert J J A Scherpbier, Maas Jan Heineman, Kiki M J M H Lombarts
INTRODUCTION: High-quality residency training is of utmost importance for residents to become competent medical specialists. Hospital-wide education committees have been adopted by several healthcare systems to govern postgraduate medical education and to support continuous quality improvement of residency training. To understand the functioning and potential of such committees, this study examined the mechanisms through which hospital-wide education committees strive to enable continuous quality improvement in residency training...
December 2017: Perspectives on Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29071550/to-fail-is-human-remediating-remediation-in-medical-education
#20
Adina Kalet, Calvin L Chou, Rachel H Ellaway
INTRODUCTION: Remediating failing medical learners has traditionally been a craft activity responding to individual learner and remediator circumstances. Although there have been moves towards more systematic approaches to remediation (at least at the institutional level), these changes have tended to focus on due process and defensibility rather than on educational principles. As remediation practice evolves, there is a growing need for common theoretical and systems-based perspectives to guide this work...
October 25, 2017: Perspectives on Medical Education
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