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Perspectives on Medical Education

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28534277/how-do-small-groups-make-decisions-a-theoretical-framework-to-inform-the-implementation-and-study-of-clinical-competency-committees
#1
Saad Chahine, Sayra Cristancho, Jessica Padgett, Lorelei Lingard
In the competency-based medical education (CBME) approach, clinical competency committees are responsible for making decisions about trainees' competence. However, we currently lack a theoretical model for group decision-making to inform this emerging assessment phenomenon. This paper proposes an organizing framework to study and guide the decision-making processes of clinical competency committees.This is an explanatory, non-exhaustive review, tailored to identify relevant theoretical and evidence-based papers related to small group decision-making...
May 22, 2017: Perspectives on Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28516341/fairness-the-hidden-challenge-for-competency-based-postgraduate-medical-education-programs
#2
Colleen Y Colbert, Judith C French, Mary Elizabeth Herring, Elaine F Dannefer
Competency-based medical education systems allow institutions to individualize teaching practices to meet the needs of diverse learners. Yet, the focus on continuous improvement and individualization of curricula does not exempt programs from treating learners in a fair manner. When learners fail to meet key competencies and are placed on probation or dismissed from training programs, issues of fairness may form the basis of their legal claims. In a literature search, we found no in-depth examination of fairness...
May 17, 2017: Perspectives on Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28516340/social-studying-and-learning-among-medical-students-a%C3%A2-scoping-review
#3
REVIEW
Daniela Keren, Jocelyn Lockyer, Rachel H Ellaway
INTRODUCTION: Medical students study in social groups, which influence their learning, but few studies have investigated the characteristics of study groups and the impacts they have on students' learning. A scoping review was conducted on the topic of informal social studying and learning within medical education with the aim of appraising what is known regarding medical student attitudes to group study, the impact of group study on participants, and the methods that have been employed to study this...
May 17, 2017: Perspectives on Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28405926/the-use-of-theatre-in-medical-education-in-the-emergency-cases-school-an-appealing-and-widely-accessible-way-of-learning
#4
Christodoulos Keskinis, Vasileios Bafitis, Panagiota Karailidou, Christina Pagonidou, Panteleimon Pantelidis, Alexandros Rampotas, Michail Sideris, Georgios Tsoulfas, Dimitrios Stakos
INTRODUCTION: Theatre models in medical education have been used worldwide in order to train medical students and graduates in managing various situations. However, the literature reports little regarding its appeal to trainees. We conducted a medical seminar, entitled Emergency Cases School, which employed such techniques. Actors simulated the actions of doctors and patients involved in various emergency cases, in front of a large audience, in a specially modified theatre hall which resembled the emergency room environment...
April 12, 2017: Perspectives on Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28401429/learning-at-large-conferences-from-the-sage-on-the-stage-to-contemporary-models-of-learning
#5
Dario Torre, Annalisa Manca, Steven Durning, Janusz Janczukowicz, David Taylor, Jennifer Cleland
AIM: To explore and evaluate the affordances of a flipped classroom model applied to a research paper session within the professional development opportunity of a large conference setting. METHOD: Authors were invited to present their research papers in a flipped classroom presentation format at two large, multi-national conferences. Before the session, authors and moderators met online to clarify features of the session, and preparation of the material. The research material was then posted online before the conference, to allow access by meeting attendees...
April 11, 2017: Perspectives on Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28397009/what-programmatic-assessment-in-medical-education-can-learn-from-healthcare
#6
L Schuwirth, C van der Vleuten, S J Durning
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 10, 2017: Perspectives on Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28397008/tuning-your-writing
#7
Christopher Watling
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 10, 2017: Perspectives on Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28397007/preparing-medical-students-for-clinical-practice-easing-the-transition
#8
Alexandra R Teagle, Maria George, Nicola Gainsborough, Inam Haq, Michael Okorie
The transition from medical student to junior doctor is a challenge; the UK General Medical Council has issued guidance emphasizing the importance of adequate preparation of medical students for clinical practice. This study aimed to determine whether a junior doctor-led simulation-based course is an effective way of preparing final year medical students for practice as a junior doctor.We piloted a new 'preparation for practice' course for final year medical students prior to beginning as Foundation Year 1 (first year of practice) doctors...
April 10, 2017: Perspectives on Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28390032/a%C3%A2-qualitative-study-of-undergraduate-clerkships-in-the-intensive-care-unit-it-s-a%C3%A2-brand-new-world
#9
Enda O'Connor, Michael Moore, Walter Cullen, Peter Cantillon
INTRODUCTION: While ICU clerkships are commonplace in undergraduate medical education, little is known about how students learn there. This study aimed to explore students' perceptions of the ICU as a learning environment, the factors influencing their learning and any perceived differences between learning in the ICU and non-ICU settings. METHODS: We used interpretivist methodology, a social cognitive theoretical framework and a qualitative descriptive strategy...
April 7, 2017: Perspectives on Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28390031/extending-the-theoretical-framework-for-curriculum-integration-in-pre-clinical-medical-education
#10
John Vergel, Diana Stentoft, Juny Montoya
INTRODUCTION: Curriculum integration is widely discussed in medical education but remains ill defined. Although there is plenty of information on logistical aspects of curriculum integration, little attention has been paid to the contextual issues that emerge from its practice and may complicate students' knowledge integration. Therefore, we aimed to uncover how curriculum integration is manifested through context. METHODS: We collected data from the official curriculum and interviewed ten participants (including curriculum designers, facilitators, and students) in the bachelor's medical program at Aalborg University...
April 7, 2017: Perspectives on Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28390030/we-need-more-replication-research-a%C3%A2-case-for-test-retest-reliability
#11
REVIEW
Jimmie Leppink, Patricia Pérez-Fuster
Following debates in psychology on the importance of replication research, we have also started to see pleas for a more prominent role for replication research in medical education. To enable replication research, it is of paramount importance to carefully study the reliability of the instruments we use. Cronbach's alpha has been the most widely used estimator of reliability in the field of medical education, notably as some kind of quality label of test or questionnaire scores based on multiple items or of the reliability of assessment across exam stations...
April 7, 2017: Perspectives on Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28386758/exploring-patients-reasons-for-participation-in-a%C3%A2-medical-education-home-visit-program-a%C3%A2-qualitative-study-in-malaysia
#12
Chai-Eng Tan, Aida Jaffar, Noorlaili Tohit, Zuhra Hamzah, Syahnaz Mohd Hashim
INTRODUCTION: Direct contact with patients for medical education is essential in healthcare professional training. Patients who were recruited for a medical education home visit program in Malaysia did so on a voluntary basis without remuneration. This paper aims to explore their reasons for participation in this program. METHODS: An exploratory qualitative study was conducted on patients who had been visited during the 2012/2013 academic session. Purposive sampling was done to select adult participants from varying ethnicities and ages from the list of patients...
April 6, 2017: Perspectives on Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28349265/scholarly-concentration-programs-and-medical-student-research-productivity-a%C3%A2-systematic-review
#13
REVIEW
Annika G Havnaer, Allison J Chen, Paul B Greenberg
INTRODUCTION: Scholarly concentration programs have become a common method to promote student inquiry and independent research in medical schools. Given the high resource requirements of scholarly concentration program implementation, it is important to examine program efficacy. This systematic review examined the impact of scholarly concentration programs on student research productivity. METHODS: The authors carried out a literature search to find articles related to scholarly concentration program research productivity outcomes...
March 27, 2017: Perspectives on Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28321781/kolb-integration-and-the-messiness-of-workplace-learning
#14
Tim J Wilkinson
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 20, 2017: Perspectives on Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28293900/enhancing-the-connection-between-the-classroom-and-the-clinical-workplace-a%C3%A2-systematic-review
#15
REVIEW
Sanne Peters, Geraldine Clarebout, Agnes Diemers, Nicolas Delvaux, An Verburgh, Bert Aertgeerts, Ann Roex
INTRODUCTION: Although medical students are increasingly exposed to clinical experiences as part of their training, these often occur parallel with, rather than connected to, their classroom-based learning experiences. Additionally, students seem to struggle with spontaneously making the connection between these spheres of their training themselves. Therefore, this systematic review synthesized the existing evidence about educational interventions that aim to enhance the connection between learning in the classroom and its application in the workplace...
March 14, 2017: Perspectives on Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28271392/labelling-of-mental-illness-in-a%C3%A2-paediatric-emergency-department-and-its-implications-for-stigma-reduction-education
#16
Javeed Sukhera, Kristina Miller, Alexandra Milne, Christina Scerbo, Rodrick Lim, Alicia Cooper, Chris Watling
INTRODUCTION: Stigmatizing attitudes and behaviours towards patients with mental illness have negative consequences on their health. Despite research regarding educational and social contact-based interventions to reduce stigma, there are limitations to the success of these interventions for individuals with deeply held stigmatizing beliefs. Our study sought to better understand the process of implicit mental illness stigma in the setting of a paediatric emergency department to inform the design of future educational interventions...
March 7, 2017: Perspectives on Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28349266/listening-as-a%C3%A2-path-to-psychological-discovery-an-introduction-to%C3%A2-the-listening-guide
#17
Carol Gilligan, Jessica Eddy
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2017: Perspectives on Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28289993/introducing-a%C3%A2-qualitative-space
#18
EDITORIAL
Lara Varpio, Elise Paradis, Chris Watling
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2017: Perspectives on Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28284011/applying-occupational-and-organizational-psychology-theory-to-entrustment-decision-making-about-trainees-in-health-care-a%C3%A2-conceptual-model
#19
Ylva Holzhausen, Asja Maaz, Anna T Cianciolo, Olle Ten Cate, Harm Peters
In medical contexts around the world, supervising physicians continuously decide what degree of supervision to apply as trainees carry out professional activities. Although the implications for patients can be far-reaching, little is known about how these entrustment decisions are formed. The concept of 'Entrustable Professional Activities' has initiated interest and valuable research on factors that may influence the entrustment decision process.The aim of the current article is to link models of entrustment developed in the fields of occupational and organizational psychology and military psychology to medical education studies that have explored the factors influencing physicians' entrustment decisions...
April 2017: Perspectives on Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28284010/trust-entrustment-decisions-and-a%C3%A2-few-things-we-shouldn-t-forget
#20
Marjan J B Govaerts
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2017: Perspectives on Medical Education
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