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Perspectives on Medical Education

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30218323/passion-projects-and-disorienting-dilemmas
#1
EDITORIAL
Zac Feilchenfeld, Ayelet Kuper
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 14, 2018: Perspectives on Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30218322/preprints-facilitating-early-discovery-access-and-feedback
#2
EDITORIAL
Lauren A Maggio, Anthony R Artino, Erik W Driessen
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 14, 2018: Perspectives on Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30187391/fostering-medical-students-lifelong-learning-skills-with-a-dashboard-coaching-and-learning-planning
#3
Karen E Hauer, Nicholas Iverson, Alekist Quach, Patrick Yuan, Stephanie Kaner, Christy Boscardin
INTRODUCTION: To develop lifelong learning skills, students need feedback, access to performance data, and coaching. A new medical curriculum incorporated infrastructural supports based on self-regulated learning theory and the Master Adaptive Learner framework to engage students in reflection and learning planning. This study examines students' experience with a performance dashboard, longitudinal coaching, and structured time for goal-setting. METHODS: Focus groups with first-year medical students explored performance dashboard usage, coaching and learning planning...
September 5, 2018: Perspectives on Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30187390/workplace-mentoring-of-residents-in-generic-competencies-by-an-independent-coach
#4
Jos A Stigt, Janine H Koele, Paul L P Brand, Debbie A C Jaarsma, Irene A Slootweg
INTRODUCTION: During postgraduate education in pulmonology, supervisors are responsible for training residents in generic competencies such as communication, professionalism and collaboration, but their focus commonly lies more on medical-technical competencies. As an alternative approach to supporting residents to develop generic skills, we developed a personal mentoring program with a non-medical professional as mentor. In this study, the residents' experiences with the mentoring program were evaluated...
September 5, 2018: Perspectives on Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30187389/challenges-for-conducting-and-teaching-handovers-as-collaborative-conversations-an-interview-study-at-teaching-icus
#5
Nico F Leenstra, Addie Johnson, Oliver C Jung, Nicole D Holman, Lieuwe S Hofstra, Jaap E Tulleken
INTRODUCTION: Whereas medical shift handovers are increasingly recognized to fulfil important functions beyond information transfer, studies suggest that shift handovers continue to be variably used for reflection, learning or discussion. Little is known of the dynamics of incorporating such functions into ICU shift handovers, resulting in a challenge for the design of educational programs whose underlying philosophies align with the specific requirements of the ICU. METHODS: Intensivists, residents and fellows (n = 21) from three ICUs were interviewed to determine perceptions of handover functionality and the boundaries to what must or can be achieved in handover conversations...
September 5, 2018: Perspectives on Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30187388/end-of-life-care-in-the-dutch-medical-curricula
#6
Josefien de Bruin, Mary-Joanne Verhoef, Joris P J Slaets, David van Bodegom
INTRODUCTION: Future doctors must be trained in giving appropriate care to terminal patients. In several countries, medical curricula have been reviewed for the attention devoted to end-of-life care (ELC). In the Netherlands, no formal review had been performed. Therefore, the aim of this study was to provide an overview of the Dutch medical curricula regarding ELC. METHODS: We formed a checklist based on international standards consisting of five domains of ELC education that are considered essential...
September 5, 2018: Perspectives on Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30006870/future-physician-scientists-could-we-catch-them-young-factors-influencing-intrinsic-and-extrinsic-motivation-for-research-among-first-year-medical-students
#7
Belinda W C Ommering, Floris M van Blankenstein, Cathelijn J F Waaijer, Friedo W Dekker
INTRODUCTION: The medical field is currently facing a physician-scientist shortage. One possible solution is to direct medical students towards a research oriented career. To do so, knowledge is needed on how to motivate medical students to do research. Therefore, this study examines motivation for research and identifies factors influencing intrinsic and extrinsic motivation for research among first-year medical students. METHODS: First-year medical students were surveyed at the beginning of their bachelor's program in 2016...
July 13, 2018: Perspectives on Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30006869/the-international-health-elective-a-stepping-stone-for-tomorrow-s-global-surgeons-and-anaesthetists
#8
EDITORIAL
Bilal Abou El Ela Bourquin, Sujit Gnanakumar, Michael F Bath, Tom Bashford, David K Menon, Peter J Hutchinson
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 13, 2018: Perspectives on Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29992438/applying-four-component-instructional-design-to-develop-a-case-presentation-curriculum
#9
Michelle Daniel, Jennifer Stojan, Margaret Wolff, Bizath Taqui, Tiffany Glasgow, Susan Forster, Todd Cassese
Medical students must gain proficiency with the complex skill of case presentations, yet current approaches to instruction are fragmented and often informal, resulting in suboptimal transfer of this skill into clinical practice. Whole task approaches to learning have been proposed to teach complex skill development. The authors describe a longitudinal case presentation curriculum developed using a whole task approach known as four-component instructional design (4-C/ID). 4‑C/ID is based on cognitive psychology theory, and carefully attends to titrating a learner's cognitive load, aiming to always keep students in their zone of proximal development...
July 10, 2018: Perspectives on Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29992437/on-learning-in-the-clinical-environment
#10
Matilda Liljedahl
INTRODUCTION: The clinical environment has been increasingly acknowledged as an important setting for learning within healthcare professional education. In particular, researchers have highlighted the need to advance the knowledge on the social nature of learning in the workplace setting. The aim of the thesis was to explore workplace learning among undergraduate medical and nursing students. METHOD: The thesis adopted a socio-cultural perspective on learning and employed a qualitative approach embedded in an interpretative tradition of inquiry...
July 10, 2018: Perspectives on Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30054811/expressive-instructions-ethnographic-insights-into-the-creativity-and-improvisation-entailed-in-teaching-physical-skills-to-medical-students
#11
Anna Harris, Jan-Joost Rethans
INTRODUCTION: Creativity and improvisation are recognized as important aspects of training expertise in domains such as business and the arts, yet rarely discussed in medical education. This article examines how creativity and improvisation play out in the ways teachers give 'expressive instructions' to medical students when teaching physical skills. METHODS: Ethnographic fieldwork was conducted in a medical school in Maastricht, the Netherlands, with first, second and third year students learning physical examination skills...
August 2018: Perspectives on Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30054810/teaching-clinical-skills-in-the-theatre-of-medicine
#12
EDITORIAL
Gerard J Gormley, Paul Murphy
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2018: Perspectives on Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30039211/sprint-to-work-a-novel-model-for-team-science-collaboration-in-academic-medicine
#13
Shashank S Sinha, Tedi A Engler, Brahmajee K Nallamothu, Andrew M Ibrahim, Ann Verhey-Henke, Marianna Kerppola, Chandy Ellimoottil, Andrew M Ryan
Collaborative research in academic medicine is often inefficient and ineffective. It often fails to leverage the expertise of interdisciplinary team members, does not seek or incorporate team input at opportune times, and creates workload inequities. Adapting approaches developed in venture capital, we created the 'sprint model' for writing academic papers based on the analysis of secondary data. The 'sprint model' minimizes common barriers that undermine collaboration in academic medicine. This model for team science collaboration begins with team members convening for a highly focused, guided session...
August 2018: Perspectives on Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30027351/a-health-professions-education-editors-open-letter-to-our-community
#14
LETTER
David P Sklar, Peter G M de Jong, Erik W Driessen, Kevin W Eva, Ronald M Harden, Grace C Huang, Gail M Sullivan
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2018: Perspectives on Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29949099/-meded-exploring-the-relationship-between-altmetrics-and-traditional-measures-of-dissemination-in-health-professions-education
#15
Lauren A Maggio, Todd C Leroux, Holly S Meyer, Anthony R Artino
INTRODUCTION: Researchers, funders, and institutions are interested in understanding and quantifying research dissemination and impact, particularly related to communicating with the public. Traditionally, citations have been a primary impact measure; however, citations can be slow to accrue and focus on academic use. Recently altmetrics, which track alternate dissemination forms (e. g., social media), have been suggested as a complement to citation-based metrics. This study examines the relationship between altmetrics and traditional measures: journal article citations and access counts...
August 2018: Perspectives on Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29704167/context-and-clinical-reasoning-understanding-the-medical-student-perspective
#16
Elexis McBee, Temple Ratcliffe, Lambert Schuwirth, Daniel O'Neill, Holly Meyer, Shelby J Madden, Steven J Durning
INTRODUCTION: Studies have shown that a physician's clinical reasoning performance can be influenced by contextual factors. We explored how the clinical reasoning performance of medical students was impacted by contextual factors in order to expand upon previous findings in resident and board certified physicians. Using situated cognition as the theoretical framework, our aim was to evaluate the verbalized clinical reasoning processes of medical students in order to describe what impact the presence of contextual factors has on their reasoning performance...
August 2018: Perspectives on Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29671134/communication-skills-training-and-the-conceptual-structure-of-empathy-among-medical-students
#17
Daisuke Son, Ikuo Shimizu, Hirono Ishikawa, Muneyoshi Aomatsu, Jimmie Leppink
INTRODUCTION: Medical and healthcare professionals' empathy for patients is crucially important for patient care. Some studies have suggested that a significant decline in empathy occurs during clinical training years in medical school as documented by self-assessed empathy scales. Moreover, a recent study provided qualitative evidence that communication skills training in an examination context, such as in an objective structured clinical examination, might stimulate perspective taking but inhibit the development of compassionate care...
August 2018: Perspectives on Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29881927/drawing-on-drawings-moving-beyond-text-in-health-professions-education-research
#18
Charlotte Rees
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 7, 2018: Perspectives on Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29904901/the-script-concordance-test-an-adequate-tool-to-assess-clinical-reasoning
#19
EDITORIAL
Eugène J F M Custers
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2018: Perspectives on Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29904900/examining-the-effects-of-gaming-and-guessing-on-script-concordance-test-scores
#20
Stuart Lubarsky, Valérie Dory, Sarkis Meterissian, Carole Lambert, Robert Gagnon
INTRODUCTION: In a script concordance test (SCT), examinees are asked to judge the effect of a new piece of clinical information on a proposed hypothesis. Answers are collected using a Likert-type scale (ranging from -2 to +2, with '0' indicating no effect), and compared with those of a reference panel of 'experts'. It has been argued, however, that SCT may be susceptible to the influences of gaming and guesswork. This study aims to address some of the mounting concern over the response process validity of SCT scores...
June 2018: Perspectives on Medical Education
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