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Scientifica

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27872791/antioxidant-and-antihyperglycemic-properties-of-three-banana-cultivars-musa-spp
#1
Bukola C Adedayo, Ganiyu Oboh, Sunday I Oyeleye, Tosin A Olasehinde
Background. This study sought to investigate the antioxidant and antihyperglycemic properties of Musa sapientum (Latundan banana) (MSL), Musa acuminata (Cavendish banana) (MAC), and Musa acuminate (Red Dacca) (MAR). Materials and Methods. The sugar, starch, amylose, and amylopectin contents and glycemic index (GI) of the three banana cultivars were determined. Furthermore, total phenol and vitamin C contents and α-amylase and α-glucosidase inhibitory effects of banana samples were also determined. Results...
2016: Scientifica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27867678/reduced-dental-plaque-formation-in-dogs-drinking-a-solution-containing-natural-antimicrobial-herbal-enzymes-and-organic-matcha-green-tea
#2
Michael I Lindinger
The results of an exploratory, multicenter clinical study confirmed the hypothesis that a novel, natural, and safe oral care product (OCP) reduced the rate of plaque formation on teeth of dogs consuming the OCP (antimicrobial plant-derived enzymes, organic matcha green tea, cultured dextrose, sodium bicarbonate, and ascorbic acid) compared to controls. Healthy dogs without periodontitis, of varying breeds, sex, and age, were recruited and enrolled, using nonrandomized stratification methods, into a control and treatment groups...
2016: Scientifica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27847673/site-saturation-mutagenesis-applications-on-candida-methylica-formate-dehydrogenase
#3
Gülşah P Özgün, Emel B Ordu, H Esra Tütüncü, Emrah Yelboğa, Richard B Sessions, Nevin Gül Karagüler
In NADH regeneration, Candida methylica formate dehydrogenase (cmFDH) is a highly significant enzyme in pharmaceutical industry. In this work, site saturation mutagenesis (SSM) which is a combination of both rational design and directed evolution approaches is applied to alter the coenzyme specificity of NAD(+)-dependent cmFDH from NAD(+) to NADP(+) and increase its thermostability. For this aim, two separate libraries are constructed for screening a change in coenzyme specificity and an increase in thermostability...
2016: Scientifica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27843675/evidence-for-the-paleoethnobotany-of-the-neanderthal-a-review-of-the-literature
#4
REVIEW
Gerhard P Shipley, Kelly Kindscher
Our perception of our closest human relatives, the Neanderthals, has evolved in the last few decades from brutish ape-men to intelligent archaic human peoples. Our understanding and appreciation of their cultural sophistication has only recently extended to their diet. Only within the last few years, with new techniques and a shift in focus, have we begun to truly investigate and understand the role of plants in their diet and culture. The more we learn about Neanderthals, the more we realize that biological and cultural distinctions between them and us were relatively small...
2016: Scientifica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27840770/perceptions-and-practices-regarding-breastfeeding-among-postnatal-women-at-a-district-tertiary-referral-government-hospital-in-southern-india
#5
Sowmini P Kamath, Dikshy Garg, Mohd Khursheed Khan, Animesh Jain, B Shantharam Baliga
Background. Breastfeeding is the optimal method for achieving a normal growth and development of the baby. This study aimed to study mothers' perceptions and practices regarding breastfeeding in Mangalore, India. Methodology. A cross-sectional study of 188 mothers was conducted using a structured proforma. Results. Importance of breast feeding was known to most mothers. While initiation of breast feeding within one hour of birth was done by majority of mothers, few had discarded colostrum and adopted prelacteal feeding...
2016: Scientifica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27777811/a-review-on-recent-developments-for-detection-of-diabetic-retinopathy
#6
Javeria Amin, Muhammad Sharif, Mussarat Yasmin
Diabetic retinopathy is caused by the retinal micro vasculature which may be formed as a result of diabetes mellitus. Blindness may appear as a result of unchecked and severe cases of diabetic retinopathy. Manual inspection of fundus images to check morphological changes in microaneurysms, exudates, blood vessels, hemorrhages, and macula is a very time-consuming and tedious work. It can be made easily with the help of computer-aided system and intervariability for the observer. In this paper, several techniques for detecting microaneurysms, hemorrhages, and exudates are discussed for ultimate detection of nonproliferative diabetic retinopathy...
2016: Scientifica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27777810/low-density-of-top-predators-seabirds-and-marine-mammals-in-the-high-arctic-pack-ice
#7
Claude R Joiris, Karin Boos, Diederik D'Hert, Dominik A Nachtsheim
The at-sea distribution of top predators, seabirds and marine mammals, was determined in the high Arctic pack ice on board the icebreaker RV Polarstern in July to September 2014. In total, 1,620 transect counts were realised, lasting 30 min each. The five most numerous seabird species represented 74% of the total of 15,150 individuals registered: kittiwake Rissa tridactyla, fulmar Fulmarus glacialis, puffin Fratercula arctica, Ross's gull Rhodostethia rosea, and little auk Alle alle. Eight cetacean species were tallied for a total of 330 individuals, mainly white-beaked dolphin Lagenorhynchus albirostris and fin whale Balaenoptera physalus...
2016: Scientifica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27651976/efficacy-of-hi-lo-evac-endotracheal-tube-in-prevention-of-ventilator-associated-pneumonia-in-mechanically-ventilated-poisoned-patients
#8
Ahmad Ghoochani Khorasani, Shahin Shadnia, Mohammad Mashayekhian, Mitra Rahimi, Abbas Aghabiklooei
Background. Ventilator-associated pneumonia (VAP) is the most common health care-associated infection. To prevent this complication, aspiration of subglottic secretions using Hi-Lo Evac endotracheal tube (Evac ETT) is a recommended intervention. However, there are some reports on Evac ETT dysfunction. We aimed to compare the incidence of VAP (per ventilated patients) in severely ill poisoned patients who were intubated using Evac ETT versus conventional endotracheal tubes (C-ETT) in our toxicology ICU. Materials and Methods...
2016: Scientifica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27642536/effects-of-irrigation-and-nitrogen-fertilizer-input-levels-on-soil-no3-n-content-and-vertical-distribution-in-greenhouse-tomato-lycopersicum-esculentum-mill
#9
Xiukang Wang, Yingying Xing
The purpose of this study is to investigate the interactions between irrigation and fertilizer treatments on soil NO3 (-)-N content and vertical distribution under drip fertigation in greenhouse tomatoes. Randomized block design with three replications and the treatments consisting of three levels of irrigation and three levels of N fertilizer were used. Three irrigation levels were W1 (100%  ET0), W2 (75%  ET0), and W3 (50%  ET0) and fertilizer levels were F1 (N240-P2O5120-K2O150 kg hm(-2)), F2 (N180-P2O590-K2O112...
2016: Scientifica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27635280/regulation-of-dopamine-uptake-by-vasoactive-peptides-in-the-kidney
#10
N L Rukavina Mikusic, N M Kouyoumdzian, E Rouvier, M M Gironacci, J E Toblli, B E Fernández, M R Choi
Considering the key role of renal dopamine in tubular sodium handling, we hypothesized that c-type natriuretic peptide (CNP) and Ang-(1-7) may regulate renal dopamine availability in tubular cells, contributing to Na(+), K(+)-ATPase inhibition. Present results show that CNP did not affect either (3)H-dopamine uptake in renal tissue or Na(+), K(+)-ATPase activity; meanwhile, Ang-(1-7) was able to increase (3)H-dopamine uptake and decreased Na(+), K(+)-ATPase activity in renal cortex. Ang-(1-7) and dopamine together decreased further Na(+), K(+)-ATPase activity showing an additive effect on the sodium pump...
2016: Scientifica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27597929/preliminary-evaluation-of-clinical-and-angiographic-outcomes-with-biodegradable-polymer-coated-sirolimus-eluting-stent-in-de-novo-coronary-artery-disease-results-of-the-manipal-flex-study
#11
Ranjan Shetty, Jayesh Prajapati, Umesh Pai, Kiran Shetty
Objective. The objective of the MANIPAL-FLEX study was to evaluate the feasibility, preliminary safety, and efficacy of the Supraflex sirolimus-eluting stent (SES) implantation, in de novo coronary artery disease, using clinical and quantitative coronary angiography (QCA) follow-ups. Methods. This was a prospective, nonrandomized, multicenter, single-arm study that enrolled 189 patients with de novo coronary artery disease who were treated with the Supraflex SES. Of 189 patients enrolled, the first 61 consecutive patients who consented to a 9-month follow-up evaluation by QCA, irrespective of presence of symptoms, were to be followed up with angiography at 9 months...
2016: Scientifica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27595040/formulation-and-pharmacokinetic-evaluation-of-microcapsules-containing-pravastatin-sodium-using-rats
#12
Venkatesh Dinnekere Puttegowda, Roopa Karki, Divakar Goli, Sajal Kumar Jha, Manjunatha Panduranga Mudagal
Pravastatin Sodium has a cholesterol lowering agent. It has shorter half-life and undergoes first-pass metabolism. Frequent dose is required in case of conventional dosage form. The purpose of the study is to formulate and evaluate microcapsules containing Pravastatin Sodium by complex with cholestyramine resins coated with Eudragit RLPO and Eudragit RSPO polymers for achieving control release. Complexation of drug on resin was carried out by batch method. Microencapsulation was carried out by nonaqueous solvent evaporation method...
2016: Scientifica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27579218/evaluation-of-depression-anxiety-and-stress-in-adolescents-and-young-adults-with-auditory-neuropathy-spectrum-disorder
#13
Prashanth Prabhu
The aim of the present study was to determine the severity of stress, anxiety, and depression using Depression Anxiety Stress Scales (DASS) in adolescents and young adults with auditory neuropathy spectrum disorder (ANSD). DASS was administered to 20 individuals with auditory neuropathy spectrum disorder. The effect of gender on severity of anxiety, stress, and depression on DASS scores was determined. It was attempted to determine the correlation of severity of anxiety, stress, and depression with the reported onset of the problem, degree of hearing loss, and speech identification scores...
2016: Scientifica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27579217/atraumatic-restoration-of-vertical-food-impaction-with-an-open-contact-using-flowable-composite-resin-aided-by-cerclage-wire-under-tension
#14
Quan-Li Li, Chris Ying Cao, Qiang-Jian Xu, Xiao-Hua Xu, Jia-Li Yin
To date, treating vertical food impaction with open contact effectively, especially with an atraumatic therapy, remains a challenge. In this study, we developed a simple, atraumatic, and economic therapeutic measure to treat vertical food impaction. The scientific rationale of our therapeutic technique is to restore an intact and firm proximal contact with proper location and form relationships to prevent forceful interproximal wedging of food, which in turn protects interdental papilla. We performed the procedure using flowable composite resin or composite resin cement with the aid of a cerclage wire under tension to rebuild the contact area...
2016: Scientifica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27579216/static-anthropometric-characteristics-of-bangladeshi-vehicle-driver-a-case-study
#15
P K Halder, E Sarker
Background. Inappropriate design of sitting furniture and working equipment causes the serious musculoskeletal injuries and various pains as well as reducing working efficiency. Uncomfortable sitting posture in prolonged driving in Bangladesh is an issue to be solved immediately. Therefore, anthropometric databank of user population is significantly essential for the suitable dimensional design for avoiding these remarkable problems. Methods. This study analyses the anthropometric data of the Bangladeshi male vehicle driver aged between 30 and 60 years...
2016: Scientifica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27563483/clinical-behavior-of-bladder-urothelial-carcinoma-in-young-patients-a-single-center-experience
#16
Volkan Sen, Ozan Bozkurt, Omer Demir, Ahmet Adil Esen, Ugur Mungan, Guven Aslan, Aykut Kefi, Ilhan Celebi
Background. There is not enough evidence about clinical behavior of bladder cancer in younger patients. Objective. We aimed to evaluate the clinical characteristics and prognosis of bladder urothelial carcinoma patients under the age of 40 years. Methods. Medical records of patients listed in our cancer database were retrospectively reviewed. A total of 40 patients who were initially diagnosed with bladder urothelial carcinoma at the age less than 40 years were included in the study. Patients' records were reviewed for recurrence and progression rates, demographic data, medical history, and treatment modalities...
2016: Scientifica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27563482/integration-of-andrographis-paniculata-as-potential-medicinal-plant-in-chir-pine-pinus-roxburghii-sarg-plantation-of-north-western-himalaya
#17
Chandra Shekher Sanwal, Raj Kumar, S D Bhardwaj
The integration of Andrographis paniculata under Pinus roxburghii (Chir pine) plantation has been studied to evaluate the growth and yield for its economic viability and conservation. It was grown on three topographical aspects, namely, northern, north-western, and western, at a spacing of 30 cm × 30 cm, followed by three tillage depths, namely, minimum (0 cm), medium (up to 10 cm), and deep (up to 15 cm) tillage. The growth parameters, namely, plant height and number of branches per plant, were recorded as significantly higher on western aspect and lowest on northern aspect except for leaf area index which was found nonsignificant...
2016: Scientifica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27559489/comparison-of-modified-cartilage-shield-tympanoplasty-with-tympanoplasty-using-temporalis-fascia-only-retrospective-analysis-of-142-cases
#18
Sohil Vadiya, Vibhuti Parikh, Saumya Shah, Parita Pandya, Anuj Kansara
The current study compares outcomes of modified cartilage shield tympanoplasty (CST) with temporalis fascia tympanoplasty in type I procedures in Indian patients. Graft uptake rates are better with the CST technique and hearing results are almost equivalent with both techniques except at 8000 Hz where improvement in hearing was found better with the use of temporalis fascia alone. The CST technique used in the study is unique.
2016: Scientifica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27529053/prediction-of-g-protein-coupled-receptors-with-svm-prot-features-and-random-forest
#19
Zhijun Liao, Ying Ju, Quan Zou
G protein-coupled receptors (GPCRs) are the largest receptor superfamily. In this paper, we try to employ physical-chemical properties, which come from SVM-Prot, to represent GPCR. Random Forest was utilized as classifier for distinguishing them from other protein sequences. MEME suite was used to detect the most significant 10 conserved motifs of human GPCRs. In the testing datasets, the average accuracy was 91.61%, and the average AUC was 0.9282. MEME discovery analysis showed that many motifs aggregated in the seven hydrophobic helices transmembrane regions adapt to the characteristic of GPCRs...
2016: Scientifica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27529052/adverse-childhood-experiences-among-american-indian-alaska-native-children-the-2011-2012-national-survey-of-children-s-health
#20
Mary Kay Kenney, Gopal K Singh
We examined parent-reported adverse childhood experiences (ACEs) and associated outcomes among American Indian and Alaska Native (AI/AN) children aged 0-17 years from the 2011-2012 National Survey of Children's Health. Bivariate and multivariable analyses of cross-sectional data on 1,453 AI/AN children and 61,381 non-Hispanic White (NHW) children assessed race-based differences in ACEs prevalence and differences in provider-diagnosed chronic emotional and developmental conditions, health characteristics, reported child behaviors, and health services received as a function of having multiple ACEs...
2016: Scientifica
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