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JAMA Surgery

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141086/use-of-entrustable-professional-activities-in-the-assessment-of-surgical-resident-competency
#1
Justin P Wagner, Catherine E Lewis, Areti Tillou, Vatche G Agopian, Chi Quach, Timothy R Donahue, O Joe Hines
Importance: Competency-based assessments of surgical resident performance require metrics of entrustable autonomy. Objectives: To designate entrustable professional activities (EPAs) in global performance and in specific operations, and to identify differences in perceived capability, autonomy, and expectations between surgical faculty and residents. Design, Setting, and Participants: This survey study was conducted from August 9, 2016, through August 24, 2016, in the Department of Surgery at the UCLA David Geffen School of Medicine...
November 15, 2017: JAMA Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141081/imminent-death-liver-donation-for-children-potential-to-meet-an-unmet-need
#2
Ruth L Ackah, Abbas Rana, John A Goss
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 15, 2017: JAMA Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141076/errors-in-introduction-methods-and-discussion-sections
#3
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 15, 2017: JAMA Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141073/forces-of-tool-tissue-interaction-to-assess-surgical-skill-level
#4
Taku Sugiyama, Sanju Lama, Liu Shi Gan, Yaser Maddahi, Kourosh Zareinia, Garnette R Sutherland
Importance: The application of optimal forces between surgical instruments and tissue is fundamental to surgical performance and learning. To date, this force has not been measured clinically during the performance of microsurgery. Objectives: To establish a normative catalog of force profiles during the performance of surgery, to compare force variables among surgeons with different skill levels, and to evaluate whether such a force-based metric determines or differentiates skill level...
November 15, 2017: JAMA Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141070/comparison-of-neurologic-trauma-and-motorcycle-helmet-use-in-drivers-vs-passengers
#5
Tyler A Evans, Sarah Sasor, Stephen Duquette, Michael W Chu, Imtiaz Munshi, Tahereh Soleimani, Sunil S Tholpady
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 15, 2017: JAMA Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29117314/assessment-of-fluorodeoxyglucose-f18-labeled-positron-emission-tomography-for-diagnosis-of-high-risk-lung-nodules
#6
Amelia W Maiga, Stephen A Deppen, Sarah Fletcher Mercaldo, Jeffrey D Blume, Chandler Montgomery, Laszlo T Vaszar, Christina Williamson, James M Isbell, Otis B Rickman, Rhonda Pinkerman, Eric S Lambright, Jonathan C Nesbitt, Eric L Grogan
Importance: Clinicians rely heavily on fluorodeoxyglucose F18-labeled positron emission tomography (FDG-PET) imaging to evaluate lung nodules suspicious for cancer. We evaluated the performance of FDG-PET for the diagnosis of malignancy in differing populations with varying cancer prevalence. Objective: To determine the performance of FDG-PET/computed tomography (CT) in diagnosing lung malignancy across different populations with varying cancer prevalence. Design, Setting, and Participants: Multicenter retrospective cohort study at 6 academic medical centers and 1 Veterans Affairs facility that comprised a total of 1188 patients with known or suspected lung cancer from 7 different cohorts from 2005 to 2015...
November 8, 2017: JAMA Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29117313/outcomes-in-asymptomatic-redo-carotid-endartectomy-a-word-of-caution
#7
Rishi A Roy, Gilbert R Upchurch
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 8, 2017: JAMA Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29117312/association-of-overlapping-surgery-with-patient-outcomes-in-a-large-series-of-neurosurgical-cases
#8
Brian M Howard, Christopher M Holland, C Christina Mehta, Ganzhong Tian, David P Bray, Jason J Lamanna, James G Malcolm, Daniel L Barrow, Jonathan A Grossberg
Importance: Overlapping surgery (OS) is common. However, there is a dearth of evidence to support or refute the safety of this practice. Objective: To determine whether OS is associated with worsened morbidity and mortality in a large series of neurosurgical cases. Design, Setting, and Participants: A retrospective cohort study was completed for patients who underwent neurosurgical procedures at Emory University Hospital, a large academic referral hospital, between January 1, 2014, and December 31, 2015...
November 8, 2017: JAMA Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29117297/breast-mass-in-a-man
#9
Ali Jad Yousef
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 8, 2017: JAMA Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29117279/overlapping-surgery-opportunities-in-neurosurgery-based-on-new-research
#10
David B Hoyt
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 8, 2017: JAMA Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29117272/risks-associated-with-primary-and-redo-carotid-endarterectomy-in-the-endovascular-era
#11
Isibor J Arhuidese, Muhammad Faateh, Besma J Nejim, Satinderjit Locham, Christopher J Abularrage, Mahmoud B Malas
Importance: Clinical experience suggests worse outcomes for redo carotid endarterectomy (CEA) relative to primary CEA. Objective quantification of the excess risk attributable to redo CEA in this era of proliferating endovascular therapy remains to be determined. Objective: To evaluate the risks of redo CEA relative to primary CEA. Design, Setting, and Participants: This study was a retrospective analysis of a prospective cohort of patients maintained by the Society for Vascular Surgery in the Vascular Quality Initiative between January 1, 2003, and April 30, 2016...
November 8, 2017: JAMA Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29094162/comparing-the-air-medical-prehospital-triage-score-with-current-practice-for-triage-of-injured-patients-to-helicopter-emergency-medical-services-a-cost-effectiveness-analysis
#12
Joshua B Brown, Kenneth J Smith, Mark L Gestring, Matthew R Rosengart, Timothy R Billiar, Andrew B Peitzman, Jason L Sperry, Joel S Weissman
Importance: Little evidence exists to guide helicopter emergency medical services (HEMS) triage, and current practice is inefficient. The Air Medical Prehospital Triage (AMPT) score was developed to identify patients most likely to benefit from HEMS compared with ground EMS. To our knowledge, no studies have evaluated the potential effect on costs and outcomes of a more targeted HEMS triage strategy, such as the AMPT score. Objective: To evaluate the cost-effectiveness of current practice compared with the AMPT score for HEMS scene triage of trauma patients...
November 1, 2017: JAMA Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29094156/conceptualizing-partnerships-between-private-payers-and-medicare-for-quality-improvement-initiatives
#13
Darrell A Campbell, Greta L Krapohl, Michael J Englesbe
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 1, 2017: JAMA Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29094151/association-of-autoimmune-connective-tissue-disease-with-abdominoplasty-outcomes-a-nationwide-analysis-of-outcomes
#14
Gustavo A Rubio, Leela S Mundra, Seth R Thaller
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 1, 2017: JAMA Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29094149/undertriage-remains-a-vexing-problem-for-even-the-most-highly-developed-trauma-systems-the-need-for-innovations-in-field-triage
#15
Craig D Newgard, Tarsicio Uribe-Leitz, Adil H Haider
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 1, 2017: JAMA Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29094144/accuracy-of-prehospital-triage-in-selecting-severely-injured-trauma-patients
#16
Frank J Voskens, Eveline A J van Rein, Rogier van der Sluijs, Roderick M Houwert, Robert Anton Lichtveld, Egbert J Verleisdonk, Michiel Segers, Ger van Olden, Marcel Dijkgraaf, Luke P H Leenen, Mark van Heijl
Importance: A major component of trauma care is adequate prehospital triage. To optimize the prehospital triage system, it is essential to gain insight in the quality of prehospital triage of the entire trauma system. Objective: To prospectively evaluate the quality of the field triage system to identify severely injured adult trauma patients. Design, Setting, and Participants: Prehospital and hospital data of all adult trauma patients during 2012 to 2014 transported with the highest priority by emergency medical services professionals to 10 hospitals in Central Netherlands were prospectively collected...
November 1, 2017: JAMA Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29094141/moving-toward-a-clinically-and-fiscally-sound-aeromedical-triage-system-for-trauma
#17
Heena P Santry, Stacy B Sanders
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 1, 2017: JAMA Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29071350/does-tranexamic-acid-cause-venous-thromboembolism-after-trauma-who-cares-if-it-saves-lives
#18
Eric W Etchill, Raymond Fang, Elliott R Haut
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 25, 2017: JAMA Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29071337/evaluation-of-military-use-of-tranexamic-acid-and-associated-thromboembolic-events
#19
Luke R Johnston, Carlos J Rodriguez, Eric A Elster, Matthew J Bradley
Importance: Since publication of the CRASH-2 and MATTERs studies, the US military has included tranexamic acid (TXA) in clinical practice guidelines. While TXA was shown to decrease mortality in trauma patients requiring massive transfusion, improper administration and increased risk of venous thromboembolism remain a concern. Objective: To determine the appropriateness of TXA administration by US military medical personnel based on current Joint Trauma System clinical practice guidelines and to determine if TXA administration is associated with venous thromboembolism...
October 25, 2017: JAMA Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29071336/interdisciplinary-disease-based-peer-review-moving-quality-assurance-into-the-future
#20
Michael Nurok, Bruce Gewertz
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 25, 2017: JAMA Surgery
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