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JAMA Surgery

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30422258/african-clinicians-prioritization-of-needs-in-international-breast-cancer-partnerships
#1
Kofi Gyan, Ishmael Kyei, Laura L Susick, Yalei Chen, Melissa B Davis, Barbara Salem, Lisa A Newman
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 7, 2018: JAMA Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30422256/the-fragility-index-in-randomized-clinical-trials-as-a-means-of-optimizing-patient-care
#2
Christopher J Tignanelli, Lena M Napolitano
Importance: The Fragility Index (FI) is the minimum number of participants in a randomized clinical trial (RCT) whose status would have to change from a nonevent (not experiencing the primary end point) to an event (experiencing the primary end point) required to turn a statistically significant result to a nonsignificant result. The FI measures the robustness (or fragility) of the results of an RCT and is an important aid to the clinician's interpretation of RCT results. It has now been recognized that RCTs, which provide the foundation for treatment guideline recommendations, may not be robust...
November 7, 2018: JAMA Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30422252/prehospital-advanced-life-support-for-out-of-hospital-cardiac-arrest-in-blunt-trauma-patients
#3
Vikram Aakash Khanna, Swathikan Chidambaram, En Lin Goh
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 7, 2018: JAMA Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30422241/risk-factors-patterns-and-outcomes-of-late-recurrence-after-liver-resection-for-hepatocellular-carcinoma-a-multicenter-study-from-china
#4
Xin-Fei Xu, Hao Xing, Jun Han, Zhen-Li Li, Wan-Yee Lau, Ya-Hao Zhou, Wei-Min Gu, Hong Wang, Ting-Hao Chen, Yong-Yi Zeng, Chao Li, Meng-Chao Wu, Feng Shen, Tian Yang
Importance: Late recurrence (more than 2 years) after liver resection for hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is generally considered as a multicentric tumor or a de novo cancer. Objective: To investigate the risk factors, patterns, and outcomes of late recurrence after curative liver resection for HCC. Design, Setting, and Participants: This study was a multicenter retrospective analysis of patients who underwent curative liver resection for HCC at 6 hospitals in China from January 2001 to December 2015...
November 7, 2018: JAMA Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30422239/association-of-opioid-prescribing-with-opioid-consumption-after-surgery-in-michigan
#5
Ryan Howard, Brian Fry, Vidhya Gunaseelan, Jay Lee, Jennifer Waljee, Chad Brummett, Darrell Campbell, Elizabeth Seese, Michael Englesbe, Joceline Vu
Importance: There is growing evidence that opioids are overprescribed following surgery. Improving prescribing requires understanding factors associated with opioid consumption. Objective: To describe opioid prescribing and consumption for a variety of surgical procedures and determine factors associated with opioid consumption after surgery. Design, Setting, and Participants: A retrospective, population-based analysis of the quantity of opioids prescribed and patient-reported opioid consumption across 33 health systems in Michigan, using a sample of adults 18 years and older undergoing surgery...
November 7, 2018: JAMA Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30383136/new-international-editorial-board-members-october-1-2018
#6
Melina R Kibbe
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 31, 2018: JAMA Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30383124/value-of-routine-gastrografin-upper-gastrointestinal-study-after-sleeve-gastrectomy
#7
Dominic J Vitello, Joseph M Vitello, Joy Beach-Bachmann, David Bentrem
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 31, 2018: JAMA Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30383119/abdominal-pain-in-pregnancy
#8
Julie Vaynshtein, Ohad Guetta, Ilya Replyansky
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 31, 2018: JAMA Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30383116/avoidable-blood-transfusions
#9
Antonio V Sterpetti
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 31, 2018: JAMA Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30383113/recurrence-rates-after-repair-of-inguinal-hernia-in-women-a-systematic-review
#10
Line Schmidt, Stina Öberg, Kristoffer Andresen, Jacob Rosenberg
Importance: To our knowledge, a systematic review has not yet been performed that specifically addresses the management of inguinal hernia in women. Recurrence after repair of inguinal hernia is not unusual in women and may be a previously undiagnosed femoral hernia, which is rarely seen in men. Objective: To investigate rates and types of recurrences in women who had undergone repair of primary inguinal hernia. Evidence Review: PubMed, Embase, and the Cochrane databases were searched in September 2017 for studies reporting recurrences after repair of primary inguinal hernia in women...
October 31, 2018: JAMA Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30383112/prognostic-role-of-lymph-node-positivity-and-number-of-lymph-nodes-needed-for-accurately-staging-small-bowel-neuroendocrine-tumors
#11
Mohammad Y Zaidi, Alexandra G Lopez-Aguiar, Mary Dillhoff, Eliza Beal, George Poultsides, Eleftherios Makris, Flavio Rocha, Angelena Crown, Kamran Idrees, Paula Marincola Smith, Hari Nathan, Megan Beems, Daniel Abbott, James R Barrett, Ryan C Fields, Jesse Davidson, Kenneth Cardona, Shishir K Maithel
Importance: Little information is available regarding the minimum number of lymph nodes needed to accurately stage patients when performing a mesenteric lymphadenectomy for small-bowel neuroendocrine tumors. Objectives: To determine the prognostic role of lymph node positivity and the ideal number of lymph nodes for accurately staging patients with small-bowel neuroendocrine tumors. Design, Setting, and Participants: This case series from the US Neuroendocrine Tumor Study Group, a collaboration among 8 US-based, academic tertiary care referral centers, obtained demographic, perioperative, and pathologic data from the group's database, Social Security Death Index, and publicly available obituaries...
October 31, 2018: JAMA Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30383111/avoidable-blood-transfusions-reply
#12
Ruchika Goel, Eshan U Patel, Aaron A R Tobian
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 31, 2018: JAMA Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30422255/translating-research-findings-into-practice-the-unfulfilled-and-unclear-mission-of-observational-data
#13
Nader N Massarweh, George J Chang
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 24, 2018: JAMA Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30422253/patient-reported-outcomes-and-factors-associated-with-patient-satisfaction-after-surgical-treatment-of-facial-nonmelanoma-skin-cancer
#14
Sarah E Sasor, Julia A Cook, Scott N Loewenstein, William A Wooden, Adam C Cohen, Michael W Chu, Sunil S Tholpady
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 24, 2018: JAMA Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30422237/smartphone-photographs-proceed-but-with-caution
#15
F Thurston Drake
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 24, 2018: JAMA Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30422236/evaluation-of-wound-photography-for-remote-postoperative-assessment-of-surgical-site-infections
#16
Kristy Kummerow Broman, Cameron E Gaskill, Adil Faqih, Michael Feng, Sharon E Phillips, William B Lober, Richard A Pierce, Michael D Holzman, Heather L Evans, Benjamin K Poulose
Importance: Surgeons are increasingly interested in using mobile and online applications with wound photography to monitor patients after surgery. Early work using remote care to diagnose surgical site infections (SSIs) demonstrated improved diagnostic accuracy using wound photographs to augment patients' electronic reports of symptoms, but it is unclear whether these findings are reproducible in real-world practice. Objective: To determine how wound photography affects surgeons' abilities to diagnose SSIs in a pragmatic setting...
October 24, 2018: JAMA Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30422233/frozen-sections-in-gastric-cancer-how-negative-is-the-false-negative
#17
Teviah E Sachs, Jennifer F Tseng
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 24, 2018: JAMA Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30422226/prevalence-of-false-negative-results-of-intraoperative-consultation-on-surgical-margins-during-resection-of-gastric-and-gastroesophageal-adenocarcinoma
#18
John C McAuliffe, Laura H Tang, Kambiz Kamrani, Kelly Olino, David S Klimstra, Murray F Brennan, Daniel G Coit
Importance: Intraoperative consultation (IOC) on surgical margins during curative intent resection of gastric and gastroesophageal adenocarcinoma presents sampling and interpretive challenges. A false-negative (FN) IOC result can affect clinical care. Many factors may be associated with higher risk for an FN result of IOC on surgical margins. Objective: To assess the prevalence and clinical implications of FN results of IOC on surgical margins during resection of gastric and gastroesophageal adenocarcinoma...
October 24, 2018: JAMA Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30347104/effect-of-cricoid-pressure-compared-with-a-sham-procedure-in-the-rapid-sequence-induction-of-anesthesia-the-iris-randomized-clinical-trial
#19
Aurélie Birenbaum, David Hajage, Sabine Roche, Alexandre Ntouba, Mathilde Eurin, Philippe Cuvillon, Aurélien Rohn, Vincent Compere, Dan Benhamou, Matthieu Biais, Remi Menut, Sabiha Benachi, François Lenfant, Bruno Riou
Importance: The use of cricoid pressure (Sellick maneuver) during rapid sequence induction (RSI) of anesthesia remains controversial in the absence of a large randomized trial. Objective: To test the hypothesis that the incidence of pulmonary aspiration is not increased when cricoid pressure is not performed. Design, Setting, and Participants: Randomized, double-blind, noninferiority trial conducted in 10 academic centers. Patients undergoing anesthesia with RSI were enrolled from February 2014 until February 2017 and followed up for 28 days or until hospital discharge (last follow-up, February 8, 2017)...
October 17, 2018: JAMA Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30347089/association-of-aspirin-with-prevention-of-venous-thromboembolism-in-patients-after-total-knee-arthroplasty-compared-with-other-anticoagulants-a-noninferiority-analysis
#20
Brandon R Hood, Mark E Cowen, Huiyong T Zheng, Richard E Hughes, Bonita Singal, Brian R Hallstrom
Importance: There has been significant debate in the surgical and medical communities regarding the appropriateness of using aspirin alone for venous thromboembolism (VTE) prophylaxis following total knee arthroplasty (TKA). Objective: To determine the acceptability of aspirin alone vs anticoagulant prophylaxis for reducing the risk of postoperative VTE in patients undergoing TKA. Design, Setting, and Participants: Noninferiority study of a retrospective cohort of TKA cases submitted to the Michigan Arthroplasty Registry Collaborative Quality Initiative at 29 member hospitals, ranging from small community hospitals to large academic and nonacademic medical centers in Michigan...
October 17, 2018: JAMA Surgery
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