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JAMA Psychiatry

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28423154/association-of-mental-disorders-and-related-medication-use-with-risk-for-major-osteoporotic-fractures
#1
James M Bolton, Suzanne N Morin, Sumit R Majumdar, Jitender Sareen, Lisa M Lix, Helena Johansson, Anders Odén, Eugene V McCloskey, John A Kanis, William D Leslie
Importance: Osteoporotic fractures are a leading cause of disability, costs, and mortality. FRAX is a tool used to assess fracture risk in the general population. Mental disorders and medications to treat them have been reported to adversely affect bone health, but, to date, they have not been systematically studied in relation to osteoporotic fractures. Objective: To examine the association of mental disorders and psychotropic medication use with osteoporotic fracture risk in routine clinical practice...
April 19, 2017: JAMA Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28423149/transdiagnostic-behavioral-therapies-in-pediatric-primary-care-looking-ahead
#2
John T Walkup, Tara Mathews, Cori Meredith Green
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 19, 2017: JAMA Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28423145/brief-behavioral-therapy-for-pediatric-anxiety-and-depression-in-primary-care-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#3
V Robin Weersing, David A Brent, Michelle S Rozenman, Araceli Gonzalez, Megan Jeffreys, John F Dickerson, Frances L Lynch, Giovanna Porta, Satish Iyengar
Importance: Anxiety and depression affect 30% of youth but are markedly undertreated compared with other mental disorders, especially in Hispanic populations. Objective: To examine whether a pediatrics-based behavioral intervention targeting anxiety and depression improves clinical outcome compared with referral to outpatient community mental health care. Design, Setting, and Participants: This 2-center randomized clinical trial with masked outcome assessment conducted between brief behavioral therapy (BBT) and assisted referral to care (ARC) studied 185 youths (aged 8...
April 19, 2017: JAMA Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28403452/negative-psychosis-prevention-trials-reply
#4
Patrick D McGorry, Barnaby Nelson, Paul Amminger
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 12, 2017: JAMA Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28403433/negative-psychosis-prevention-trials
#5
Denise Lin
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 12, 2017: JAMA Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28403388/negative-psychosis-prevention-trials
#6
Paolo Fusar-Poli
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 12, 2017: JAMA Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28403387/skin-conductance-responses-and-neural-activations-during-fear-conditioning-and-extinction-recall-across-anxiety-disorders
#7
Marie-France Marin, Rachel G Zsido, Huijin Song, Natasha B Lasko, William D S Killgore, Scott L Rauch, Naomi M Simon, Mohammed R Milad
Importance: The fear conditioning and extinction neurocircuitry has been extensively studied in healthy and clinical populations, with a particular focus on posttraumatic stress disorder. Despite significant overlap of symptoms between posttraumatic stress disorder and anxiety disorders, the latter has received less attention. Given that dysregulated fear levels characterize anxiety disorders, examining the neural correlates of fear and extinction learning may shed light on the pathogenesis of underlying anxiety disorders...
April 12, 2017: JAMA Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28403383/neural-signatures-of-cognitive-flexibility-and-reward-sensitivity-following-nicotinic-receptor-stimulation-in-dependent-smokers-a-randomized-trial
#8
Elise Lesage, Sarah E Aronson, Matthew T Sutherland, Thomas J Ross, Betty Jo Salmeron, Elliot A Stein
Importance: Withdrawal from nicotine is an important contributor to smoking relapse. Understanding how reward-based decision making is affected by abstinence and by pharmacotherapies such as nicotine replacement therapy and varenicline tartrate may aid cessation treatment. Objective: To independently assess the effects of nicotine dependence and stimulation of the nicotinic acetylcholine receptor on the ability to interpret valence information (reward sensitivity) and subsequently alter behavior as reward contingencies change (cognitive flexibility) in a probabilistic reversal learning task...
April 12, 2017: JAMA Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28384801/the-world-health-organization-adult-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-self-report-screening-scale-for-dsm-5
#9
Berk Ustun, Lenard A Adler, Cynthia Rudin, Stephen V Faraone, Thomas J Spencer, Patricia Berglund, Michael J Gruber, Ronald C Kessler
Importance: Recognition that adult attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is common, seriously impairing, and usually undiagnosed has led to the development of adult ADHD screening scales for use in community, workplace, and primary care settings. However, these scales are all calibrated to DSM-IV criteria, which are narrower than the recently developed DSM-5 criteria. Objectives: To update for DSM-5 criteria and improve the operating characteristics of the widely used World Health Organization Adult ADHD Self-Report Scale (ASRS) for screening...
April 5, 2017: JAMA Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28384733/geographic-access-to-specialty-mental-health-care-across-high-and-low-income-us-communities
#10
Janet R Cummings, Lindsay Allen, Julie Clennon, Xu Ji, Benjamin G Druss
Importance: With the future of the Affordable Care Act and Medicaid program unclear, it is critical to examine the geographic availability of specialty mental health treatment resources that serve low-income populations across local communities. Objectives: To examine the geographic availability of community-based specialty mental health treatment resources and how these resources are distributed by community socioeconomic status. Design, Setting, and Participants: Measures of the availability of specialty mental health treatment resources were derived using national data for 31 836 zip code tabulation areas from 2013 to 2015...
April 5, 2017: JAMA Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28384711/association-between-deliberate-self-harm-and-violent-criminality
#11
Hanna Sahlin, Ralf Kuja-Halkola, Johan Bjureberg, Paul Lichtenstein, Yasmina Molero, Mina Rydell, Erik Hedman, Bo Runeson, Jussi Jokinen, Brjánn Ljótsson, Clara Hellner
Importance: Individuals who self-harm may have an increased risk of aggression toward others, but this association has been insufficiently investigated. More conclusive evidence may affect assessment, treatment interventions, and clinical guidelines. Objective: To investigate the association between nonfatal self-harm and violent crime. Design, Setting, and Participants: This population-based longitudinal cohort study, conducted from January 1, 1997, through December 31, 2013, studied all Swedish citizens born between 1982 and 1998 who were 15 years and older (N = 1 850 252)...
April 5, 2017: JAMA Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28384700/needed-innovation-in-digital-health-and-smartphone-applications-for-mental-health-transparency-and-trust
#12
John Torous, Laura Weiss Roberts
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 5, 2017: JAMA Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28384672/jama-psychiatry-2016-year-in-review
#13
Stephan Heckers
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 5, 2017: JAMA Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28384652/good-news-for-screening-for-adult-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder
#14
Philip Shaw, Kwangmi Ahn, Judith L Rapoport
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 5, 2017: JAMA Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28355471/moving-from-static-to-dynamic-models-of-the-onset-of-mental-disorder-a-review
#15
Barnaby Nelson, Patrick D McGorry, Marieke Wichers, Johanna T W Wigman, Jessica A Hartmann
Importance: In recent years, there has been increased focus on subthreshold stages of mental disorders, with attempts to model and predict which individuals will progress to full-threshold disorder. Given this research attention and the clinical significance of the issue, this article analyzes the assumptions of the theoretical models in the field. Observations: Psychiatric research into predicting the onset of mental disorder has shown an overreliance on one-off sampling of cross-sectional data (ie, a snapshot of clinical state and other risk markers) and may benefit from taking dynamic changes into account in predictive modeling...
March 29, 2017: JAMA Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28355458/changes-in-us-lifetime-heroin-use-and-heroin-use-disorder-prevalence-from-the-2001-2002-to-2012-2013-national-epidemiologic-survey-on-alcohol-and-related-conditions
#16
Silvia S Martins, Aaron Sarvet, Julian Santaella-Tenorio, Tulshi Saha, Bridget F Grant, Deborah S Hasin
Importance: Heroin use is an urgent concern in the United States. Little is know about the course of heroin use, heroin use disorder, and associated factors. Objective: To examine changes in the lifetime prevalence, patterns, and associated demographics of heroin use and use disorder from 2001-2002 to 2012-2013 in 2 nationally representative samples of the US adult general population. Design, Setting, and Participants: This survey study included data from 43 093 respondents of the 2001-2002 National Epidemiologic Survey on Alcohol and Related Conditions (NESARC) and 36 309 respondents of the 2012-2013 NESARC-III...
March 29, 2017: JAMA Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28355457/clinically-relevant-diagnostic-criteria-for-a-persistent-impairing-grief-disorder-putting-patients-first
#17
Charles F Reynolds, Stephen J Cozza, M Katherine Shear
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 29, 2017: JAMA Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28355456/the-surge-of-opioid-use-addiction-and-overdoses-responsibility-and-response-of-the-us-health-care-system
#18
Bertha K Madras
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 29, 2017: JAMA Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28355449/rebuilding-consensus-on-valid-criteria-for-disordered-grief
#19
Holly G Prigerson, Paul K Maciejewski
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 29, 2017: JAMA Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28355424/development-and-validation-of-a-clinically-based-risk-calculator-for-the-transdiagnostic-prediction-of-psychosis
#20
Paolo Fusar-Poli, Grazia Rutigliano, Daniel Stahl, Cathy Davies, Ilaria Bonoldi, Thomas Reilly, Philip McGuire
Importance: The overall effect of At Risk Mental State (ARMS) services for the detection of individuals who will develop psychosis in secondary mental health care is undetermined. Objective: To measure the proportion of individuals with a first episode of psychosis detected by ARMS services in secondary mental health services, and to develop and externally validate a practical web-based individualized risk calculator tool for the transdiagnostic prediction of psychosis in secondary mental health care...
March 29, 2017: JAMA Psychiatry
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