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JAMA Psychiatry

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30208377/the-latent-structure-of-negative-symptoms-in-schizophrenia
#1
Gregory P Strauss, Alicia Nuñez, Anthony O Ahmed, Kimberly A Barchard, Eric Granholm, Brian Kirkpatrick, James M Gold, Daniel N Allen
Importance: Negative symptoms are associated with a range of poor clinical outcomes, and currently available treatments generally do not produce a clinically meaningful response. Limited treatment progress may be owing in part to poor clarity regarding latent structure. Prior studies have inferred latent structure using exploratory factor analysis, which has led to the conclusion that there are 2 dimensions reflecting motivation and pleasure (MAP) and diminished expressivity (EXP) factors...
September 12, 2018: JAMA Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30208376/urbanicity-and-psychosis-reply
#2
Jordan E DeVylder, Ian Kelleher, Ai Koyanagi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 12, 2018: JAMA Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30208375/urbanicity-and-psychosis
#3
Jeremy W Coid, Yamin Zhang, Tao Li
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 12, 2018: JAMA Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30208373/association-of-depression-with-risk-of-incident-systemic-lupus-erythematosus-in-women-assessed-across-2-decades
#4
Andrea L Roberts, Laura D Kubzansky, Susan Malspeis, Candace H Feldman, Karen H Costenbader
Importance: It has long been hypothesized that depression may increase the risk of developing autoimmune disease; however, rigorous empirical evidence is sparse. Objective: To evaluate whether an association exists between depression and risk of incident systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE), a paradigmatic, systemic autoimmune disease. Design, Setting, and Participants: This 20-year prospective, longitudinal cohort study evaluated data collected from 2 cohorts of women participating in the Nurses' Health Study (1996-2012) and the Nurses' Health Study II (1993-2013)...
September 12, 2018: JAMA Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30208372/targeting-withdrawal-symptoms-in-men-addicted-to-methamphetamine-with-transcranial-magnetic-stimulation-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#5
Ying Liang, Lei Wang, Ti-Fei Yuan
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 12, 2018: JAMA Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30193355/association-of-neuroimaging-measures-of-emotion-processing-and-regulation-neural-circuitries-with-symptoms-of-bipolar-disorder-in-offspring-at-risk-for-bipolar-disorder
#6
Heather E Acuff, Amelia Versace, Michele A Bertocci, Cecile D Ladouceur, Lindsay C Hanford, Anna Manelis, Kelly Monk, Lisa Bonar, Alicia McCaffrey, Benjamin I Goldstein, Tina R Goldstein, Dara Sakolsky, David Axelson, Boris Birmaher, Mary L Phillips
Importance: Bipolar disorder (BD) is difficult to distinguish from other psychiatric disorders. Neuroimaging studies can identify objective markers of BD risk. Objective: To identify neuroimaging measures in emotion processing and regulation neural circuitries and their associations with symptoms specific to youth at risk for BD. Design, Setting, and Participants: This cross-sectional (August 1, 2011, to July 31, 2017) and longitudinal (February 1, 2013, to November 30, 2017) neuroimaging study performed at the University of Pittsburgh Medical Center compared a sample of 31 offspring of parents with BD (OBP) with 28 offspring of comparison parents with non-BD psychopathologies (OCP) and 21 offspring of healthy parents (OHP); OBP, OCP, and OHP were recruited from the Bipolar Offspring Study and the Longitudinal Assessment of Manic Symptoms Study...
September 5, 2018: JAMA Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30193341/academic-achievement-and-drug-abuse-risk-assessed-using-instrumental-variable-analysis-and-co-relative-designs
#7
Kenneth S Kendler, Henrik Ohlsson, Abigail A Fagan, Paul Lichtenstein, Jan Sundquist, Kristina Sundquist
Importance: Low academic achievement (AA) in childhood and adolescence is associated with increased substance use. Empirical evidence, using longitudinal epidemiologic data, may provide support for interventions to improve AA as a means to reduce risk of drug abuse (DA). Objective: To clarify the nature of the association between adolescent AA and risk of DA by using instrumental variable and co-relative analysis designs. Design, Setting, and Participants: This study, assessing nationwide data from individuals born in Sweden between 1971 and 1982, used instrumental variable and co-relative analyses of the association between AA and DA...
September 5, 2018: JAMA Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30167650/risk-factors-associated-with-attempted-suicide-among-us-army-soldiers-without-a-history-of-mental-health-diagnosis
#8
Robert J Ursano, Ronald C Kessler, James A Naifeh, Holly B Herberman Mash, Matthew K Nock, Pablo A Aliaga, Carol S Fullerton, Gary H Wynn, Tsz Hin H Ng, Hieu M Dinh, Nancy A Sampson, Tzu-Cheg Kao, Steven G Heeringa, Murray B Stein
Importance: The US Army suicide attempt rate increased sharply during the wars in Afghanistan and Iraq. Although soldiers with a prior mental health diagnosis (MH-Dx) are known to be at risk, little is known about risk among those with no history of diagnosis. Objective: To examine risk factors for suicide attempt among soldiers without a previous MH-Dx. Design, Setting, and Participants: In this retrospective longitudinal cohort study using administrative data from the Army Study to Assess Risk and Resilience in Servicemembers (Army STARRS), person-month records were identified for all active-duty Regular Army enlisted soldiers who had a medically documented suicide attempt from January 1, 2004, through December 31, 2009 (n = 9650), and an equal-probability sample of control person-months (n = 153 528)...
August 29, 2018: JAMA Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30167644/effect-of-cannabidiol-on-medial-temporal-midbrain-and-striatal-dysfunction-in-people-at-clinical-high-risk-of-psychosis-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#9
Sagnik Bhattacharyya, Robin Wilson, Elizabeth Appiah-Kusi, Aisling O'Neill, Michael Brammer, Jesus Perez, Robin Murray, Paul Allen, Matthijs G Bossong, Philip McGuire
Importance: Cannabidiol (CBD) has antipsychotic effects in humans, but how these are mediated in the brain remains unclear. Objective: To investigate the neurocognitive mechanisms that underlie the therapeutic effects of CBD in psychosis. Design, Setting, and Participants: In this parallel-group, double-blind, placebo-controlled randomized clinical trial conducted at the South London and Maudsley NHS Foundation Trust in London, United Kingdom, 33 antipsychotic medication-naive participants at clinical high risk (CHR) of psychosis and 19 healthy control participants were studied...
August 29, 2018: JAMA Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30167637/suicide-prevention-in-the-us-army-a-mission-for-more-than-mental-health-clinicians
#10
Mark A Reger, Derek J Smolenski, Sarah P Carter
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 29, 2018: JAMA Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30167635/pharmacogenetics-in-psychiatry-a-companion-rather-than-competitor-to-protocol-based-care
#11
Chad A Bousman, Daniel J Müller
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 29, 2018: JAMA Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30167632/pharmacogenetics-in-psychiatry-a-companion-rather-than-competitor-to-protocol-based-care-reply
#12
George S Zubenko, Barbara R Sommer, Bruce M Cohen
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 29, 2018: JAMA Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30140915/association-of-residential-mobility-over-the-life-course-with-nonaffective-psychosis-in-1-4-million-young-people-in-sweden
#13
Ceri Price, Christina Dalman, Stanley Zammit, James B Kirkbride
Importance: Residential mobility (changing residence) during childhood and early adolescence is a possible risk factor for several adverse health outcomes, including psychotic disorders. However, it is unclear whether sensitive periods to residential mobility exist over the life course, including in adulthood, or if greater moving distances, which might disrupt social networks, are associated with a greater psychosis risk. Objective: To examine the association between residential mobility over the life course and the risk of nonaffective psychosis...
August 22, 2018: JAMA Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30140914/efficacy-of-resistance-exercise-training-with-depressive-symptoms-reply
#14
Brett R Gordon, Mark Lyons, Matthew P Herring
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 22, 2018: JAMA Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30140913/error-in-byline-and-in-affiliation
#15
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 22, 2018: JAMA Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30140903/efficacy-of-resistance-exercise-training-with-depressive-symptoms
#16
Sammi R Chekroud, Adam M Chekroud
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 22, 2018: JAMA Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30140845/neuroscientifically-informed-formulation-and-treatment-planning-for-patients-with-obsessive-compulsive-disorder-a-review
#17
Darin D Dougherty, Brian P Brennan, S Evelyn Stewart, Sabine Wilhelm, Alik S Widge, Scott L Rauch
Importance: Obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) is a common and often debilitating psychiatric illness. Recent advances in the understanding of the neuroscience of OCD have provided valuable insights that have begun to transform the way we think about the management of this disorder. This educational review provides an integrated neuroscience perspective on formulation and treatment planning for patients with OCD. The article is organized around key neuroscience themes most relevant for OCD...
August 15, 2018: JAMA Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30128485/a-case-of-severe-intractable-contamination-based-obsessive-compulsive-disorder
#18
Brian P Brennan, Ryan J Jacoby, Alik S Widge
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 15, 2018: JAMA Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30128480/emotional-and-behavioral-symptom-network-structure-in-elementary-school-girls-and-association-with-anxiety-disorders-and-depression-in-adolescence-and-early-adulthood-a-network-analysis
#19
Alexandra Rouquette, Jean-Baptiste Pingault, Eiko I Fried, Massimiliano Orri, Bruno Falissard, Jolanda J Kossakowski, Frank Vitaro, Richard Tremblay, Sylvana M Cote, Denny Borsboom
Importance: The onset of adult psychopathologic disorders can be traced to behavioral or emotional symptoms observed in childhood, which could be targeted in early interventions to prevent future mental disorders. The network perspective is a novel conceptualization of psychopathologic disorders that could help to identify target symptoms with a distinct role in the emergence of mental illness. Objective: To assess whether the network structure of emotional and behavioral symptoms among elementary school girls is associated with anxiety disorders or major depression in early adulthood...
August 15, 2018: JAMA Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30090928/association-of-parent-and-offspring-religiosity-with-offspring-suicide-ideation-and-attempts
#20
Connie Svob, Priya J Wickramaratne, Linda Reich, Ruixin Zhao, Ardesheer Talati, Marc J Gameroff, Rehan Saeed, Myrna M Weissman
Importance: Previous studies have shown an inverse association between offspring religiosity and suicidal ideation/attempts, but the association of parent religiosity on offspring suicidal ideation/attempts has not been examined. Objective: To examine associations of parent and offspring religiosity with suicide ideation and attempts in offspring. Design, Setting, and Participants: The study is based on offspring (generation 3) from a 3-generation family study at New York State Psychiatric Institute and Columbia University, in which generations 2 and 3 were defined as being at high risk or low risk for major depressive disorder because of the presence or absence of major depressive disorder in generation 1...
August 8, 2018: JAMA Psychiatry
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