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JAMA Psychiatry

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28055082/association-of-dsm-iv-posttraumatic-stress-disorder-with-traumatic-experience-type-and-history-in-the-world-health-organization-world-mental-health-surveys
#1
Howard Liu, Maria V Petukhova, Nancy A Sampson, Sergio Aguilar-Gaxiola, Jordi Alonso, Laura Helena Andrade, Evelyn J Bromet, Giovanni de Girolamo, Josep Maria Haro, Hristo Hinkov, Norito Kawakami, Karestan C Koenen, Viviane Kovess-Masfety, Sing Lee, Maria Elena Medina-Mora, Fernando Navarro-Mateu, Siobhan O'Neill, Marina Piazza, José Posada-Villa, Kate M Scott, Victoria Shahly, Dan J Stein, Margreet Ten Have, Yolanda Torres, Oye Gureje, Alan M Zaslavsky, Ronald C Kessler
Importance: Previous research has documented significant variation in the prevalence of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) depending on the type of traumatic experience (TE) and history of TE exposure, but the relatively small sample sizes in these studies resulted in a number of unresolved basic questions. Objective: To examine disaggregated associations of type of TE history with PTSD in a large cross-national community epidemiologic data set. Design, Setting, and Participants: The World Health Organization World Mental Health surveys assessed 29 TE types (lifetime exposure, age at first exposure) with DSM-IV PTSD that was associated with 1 randomly selected TE exposure (the random TE) for each respondent...
January 4, 2017: JAMA Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28055066/association-between-antipsychotic-agents-and-risk-of-acute-respiratory-failure-in-patients-with-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease
#2
Meng-Ting Wang, Chen-Liang Tsai, Chen Wei Lin, Chin-Bin Yeh, Yun-Han Wang, Hui-Lan Lin
Importance: Acute respiratory failure (ARF) is a life-threatening event that has been linked in case reports to antipsychotic use, but this association lacks population-based evidence. Particular attention should be focused on patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) regarding this drug safety concern because these patients are prone to ARF and are commonly treated with antipsychotics. Objective: To determine whether the use of antipsychotics is associated with an increased risk of ARF in patients with COPD...
January 4, 2017: JAMA Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28030746/association-of-fluid-intelligence-and-psychiatric-disorders-in-a-population-representative-sample-of-us-adolescents
#3
Katherine M Keyes, Jonathan Platt, Alan S Kaufman, Katie A McLaughlin
Importance: Despite long-standing interest in the association of psychiatric disorders with intelligence, few population-based studies of psychiatric disorders have assessed intelligence. Objective: To investigate the association of fluid intelligence with past-year and lifetime psychiatric disorders, disorder age at onset, and disorder severity in a nationally representative sample of US adolescents. Design, Setting, and Participants: National sample of adolescents ascertained from schools and households from the National Comorbidity Survey Replication-Adolescent Supplement, collected 2001 through 2004...
December 28, 2016: JAMA Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28030744/association-between-hospitalization-for-infection-and-suicide
#4
Michael Silverman, Lise Bondy
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 28, 2016: JAMA Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28030741/effects-of-contemplative-dyads-on-engagement-and-perceived-social-connectedness-over-9-months-of-mental-training-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#5
Bethany E Kok, Tania Singer
Importance: Loneliness is a risk factor for depression and other illnesses and may be caused and reinforced by maladaptive social cognition. Secularized classical meditation training programs address social cognition, but practice typically occurs alone. Little is known about the effectiveness of contemplative practice performed in dyads. Objective: To introduce and assess the effectiveness of contemplative dyadic practices relative to classical-solitary meditation with regard to engagement and perceived social connectedness...
December 28, 2016: JAMA Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28030740/repetitive-transcranial-magnetic-stimulation-for-the-acute-treatment-of-major-depressive-episodes-a-systematic-review-with-network-meta-analysis
#6
Andre R Brunoni, Anna Chaimani, Adriano H Moffa, Lais B Razza, Wagner F Gattaz, Zafiris J Daskalakis, Andre F Carvalho
Importance: Although several strategies of repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) have been investigated as treatment of major depressive disorder (MDD), their comparative efficacy and acceptability is unknown. Objective: To establish the relative efficacy and acceptability of the different modalities of rTMS used for MDD by performing a network meta-analysis, obtaining a clinically meaningful treatment hierarchy. Data Sources: PubMed/MEDLINE, EMBASE, PsycInfo, and Web of Science were searched up until October 1, 2016...
December 28, 2016: JAMA Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28030709/association-between-hospitalization-for-infection-and-suicide-reply
#7
Helene Lund-Sørensen, Michael Eriksen Benros, Annette Erlangsen
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 28, 2016: JAMA Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28030661/varieties-of-contemplative-practice
#8
Richard J Davidson, Cortland J Dahl
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 28, 2016: JAMA Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28030660/leveraging-statistical-methods-to-improve-validity-and-reproducibility-of-research-findings
#9
Jennifer Urbano Blackford
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 28, 2016: JAMA Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28030656/association-between-hospitalization-for-infection-and-suicide
#10
William T Regenold
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 28, 2016: JAMA Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28002572/activation-in-bipolar-disorders-a-systematic-review
#11
Jan Scott, Greg Murray, Chantal Henry, Gunnar Morken, Elizabeth Scott, Jules Angst, Kathleen R Merikangas, Ian B Hickie
Importance: Increased activity and energy alongside mood change are identified in the DSM-5 as cardinal symptoms of mania and hypomania. A wide range of existing research suggests that this revision may be valid, but systematic integration of the evidence has not been reported. The term activation is understood as emerging from underlying physiological change and having objective (observable motor activity) and related subjective (energy) levels. Objectives: To systematically review studies of the clinical phenomenon of activation in bipolar disorder, to determine whether activation is statistically abnormal in bipolar disorder and demonstrably distinct from mood, and to identify any significant between- and within-individual differences in the dynamics of activation...
December 21, 2016: JAMA Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28002544/the-genetic-architecture-of-major-depressive-disorder-in-han-chinese-women
#12
Roseann E Peterson, Na Cai, Tim B Bigdeli, Yihan Li, Mark Reimers, Anna Nikulova, Bradley T Webb, Silviu-Alin Bacanu, Brien P Riley, Jonathan Flint, Kenneth S Kendler
Importance: Despite the moderate, well-demonstrated heritability of major depressive disorder (MDD), there has been limited success in identifying replicable genetic risk loci, suggesting a complex genetic architecture. Research is needed to quantify the relative contribution of classes of genetic variation across the genome to inform future genetic studies of MDD. Objectives: To apply aggregate genetic risk methods to clarify the genetic architecture of MDD by estimating and partitioning heritability by chromosome, minor allele frequency, and functional annotations and to test for enrichment of rare deleterious variants...
December 21, 2016: JAMA Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28002832/acute-and-chronic-posttraumatic-stress-symptoms-in-the-emergence-of-posttraumatic-stress-disorder-a-network-analysis
#13
Richard A Bryant, Mark Creamer, Meaghan O'Donnell, David Forbes, Alexander C McFarlane, Derrick Silove, Dusan Hadzi-Pavlovic
Importance: Little is understood about how the symptoms of posttraumatic stress develop over time into the syndrome of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). Objective: To use a network analysis approach to identify the nature of the association between PTSD symptoms in the acute phase after trauma and the chronic phase. Design, Setting, and Participants: A prospective cohort study enrolled 1138 patients recently admitted with traumatic injury to 1 of 4 major trauma hospitals across Australia from March 13, 2004, to February 26, 2006...
December 14, 2016: JAMA Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27973667/networks-and-nosology-in-posttraumatic-stress-disorder
#14
Richard J McNally
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 14, 2016: JAMA Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27973641/women-s-mental-health-and-well-being-5-years-after-receiving-or-being-denied-an-abortion-a-prospective-longitudinal-cohort-study
#15
M Antonia Biggs, Ushma D Upadhyay, Charles E McCulloch, Diana G Foster
Importance: The idea that abortion leads to adverse psychological outcomes has been the basis for legislation mandating counseling before obtaining an abortion and other policies to restrict access to abortion. Objective: To assess women's psychological well-being 5 years after receiving or being denied an abortion. Design, Setting, and Participants: This study presents data from the Turnaway Study, a prospective longitudinal study with a quasi-experimental design...
December 14, 2016: JAMA Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27926744/prevention-targets-for-child-and-adolescent-depression
#16
Anne L Glowinski, Max S Rosen
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 7, 2016: JAMA Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27926743/antecedents-of-new-onset-major-depressive-disorder-in-children-and-adolescents-at-high-familial-risk
#17
Frances Rice, Ruth Sellers, Gemma Hammerton, Olga Eyre, Rhys Bevan-Jones, Ajay K Thapar, Stephan Collishaw, Gordon T Harold, Anita Thapar
Importance: Early-onset major depressive disorder (MDD) is common in individuals at high familial risk of depression and is associated with poor long-term mental health, social, and educational outcomes. Objectives: To examine the developmental pathways that lead to first-episode adolescent-onset MDD (incident cases) in those at high familial risk and to postulate a theoretically informed model that enables simultaneous testing of different pathways to incident adolescent-onset MDD composed of contributions from familial/genetic and social risk factors, as well as effects via specific clinical antecedents...
December 7, 2016: JAMA Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27902837/realizing-the-promise-of-parity-legislation-for-mental-health
#18
Richard G Frank
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 30, 2016: JAMA Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27902835/religious-service-attendance-and-suicide-rates
#19
Nancy Krieger
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 30, 2016: JAMA Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27902831/religious-service-attendance-and-suicide-rates-reply
#20
Tyler J VanderWeele, Shanshan Li, Ichiro Kawachi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 30, 2016: JAMA Psychiatry
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