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JAMA Pediatrics

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28068439/a-decade-of-improvement-in-neonatal-intensive-care-how-do-we-continue-the-momentum
#1
Scott A Lorch
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 9, 2017: JAMA Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28068438/variation-in-performance-of-neonatal-intensive-care-units-in-the-united-states
#2
Jeffrey D Horbar, Erika M Edwards, Lucy T Greenberg, Kate A Morrow, Roger F Soll, Madge E Buus-Frank, Jeffrey S Buzas
Importance: Hospitals use rates from the best quartile or decile as benchmarks for quality improvement aims, but to what extent these aims are achievable is uncertain. Objective: To determine the proportion of neonatal intensive care units (NICUs) in 2014 that achieved rates for death and major morbidities as low as the shrunken adjusted rates from the best quartile and decile in 2005 and the time it took to achieve those rates. Design, Setting, and Participants: A total of 408 164 infants with a birth weight of 501 to 1500 g born from January 1, 2005, to December 31, 2014, and cared for at 756 Vermont Oxford Network member NICUs in the United States were evaluated...
January 9, 2017: JAMA Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28068437/association-between-early-lactate-levels-and-30-day-mortality-in-clinically-suspected-sepsis-in-children
#3
Halden F Scott, Lina Brou, Sara J Deakyne, Allison Kempe, Diane L Fairclough, Lalit Bajaj
Importance: Improving emergency care of pediatric sepsis is a public health priority, but optimal early diagnostic approaches are unclear. Measurement of lactate levels is associated with improved outcomes in adult septic shock, but pediatric guidelines do not endorse its use, in part because the association between early lactate levels and mortality is unknown in pediatric sepsis. Objective: To determine whether the initial serum lactate level is associated with 30-day mortality in children with suspected sepsis...
January 9, 2017: JAMA Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28068436/in-the-aftermath-of-the-national-children-s-study-is-large-birth-cohort-data-still-a-priority
#4
Terence Dwyer, Per Magnus, Jørn Olsen
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 9, 2017: JAMA Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28046189/reflections-on-a-prenatal-diagnosis-of-trisomy-21-syndrome
#5
Amanda Davis
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 3, 2017: JAMA Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28046188/comparative-effectiveness-of-nonsteroidal-anti-inflammatory-drug-treatment-vs-no-treatment-for-patent-ductus-arteriosus-in-preterm-infants
#6
Jonathan L Slaughter, Patricia B Reagan, Thomas B Newman, Mark A Klebanoff
Importance: Patent ductus arteriosus (PDA) is associated with increased mortality and worsened respiratory outcomes, including bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD), in preterm infants. Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) are efficacious in closing PDA, but the effectiveness of NSAID-mediated PDA closure in improving mortality and preventing BPD is unclear. Objective: To determine the effectiveness of NSAID treatment for PDA in reducing mortality and moderate/severe BPD at 36 weeks postmenstrual age...
January 3, 2017: JAMA Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28046187/development-of-a-gestational-age-specific-case-definition-for-neonatal-necrotizing-enterocolitis
#7
Cheryl Battersby, Nick Longford, Kate Costeloe, Neena Modi
Importance: Necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC) is a major cause of neonatal morbidity and mortality. Preventive and therapeutic research, surveillance, and quality improvement initiatives are hindered by variations in case definitions. Objective: To develop a gestational age (GA)-specific case definition for NEC. Design, Setting, and Participants: We conducted a prospective 34-month population study using clinician-recorded findings from the UK National Neonatal Research Database between December 2011 and September 2014 across all 163 neonatal units in England...
January 3, 2017: JAMA Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28027345/association-of-state-recreational-marijuana-laws-with-adolescent-marijuana-use
#8
Magdalena Cerdá, Melanie Wall, Tianshu Feng, Katherine M Keyes, Aaron Sarvet, John Schulenberg, Patrick M O'Malley, Rosalie Liccardo Pacula, Sandro Galea, Deborah S Hasin
Importance: Historical shifts are occurring in marijuana policy. The effect of legalizing marijuana for recreational use on rates of adolescent marijuana use is a topic of considerable debate. Objective: To examine the association between the legalization of recreational marijuana use in Washington and Colorado in 2012 and the subsequent perceived harmfulness and use of marijuana by adolescents. Design, Setting, and Participants: We used data of 253 902 students in eighth, 10th, and 12th grades from 2010 to 2015 from Monitoring the Future, a national, annual, cross-sectional survey of students in secondary schools in the contiguous United States...
December 27, 2016: JAMA Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28027344/spending-on-children-s-personal-health-care-in-the-united-states-1996-2013
#9
Anthony L Bui, Joseph L Dieleman, Hannah Hamavid, Maxwell Birger, Abigail Chapin, Herbert C Duber, Cody Horst, Alex Reynolds, Ellen Squires, Paul J Chung, Christopher J L Murray
Importance: Health care spending on children in the United States continues to rise, yet little is known about how this spending varies by condition, age and sex group, and type of care, nor how these patterns have changed over time. Objective: To provide health care spending estimates for children and adolescents 19 years and younger in the United States from 1996 through 2013, disaggregated by condition, age and sex group, and type of care. Evidence Review: Health care spending estimates were extracted from the Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation Disease Expenditure 2013 project database...
December 27, 2016: JAMA Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28027341/antibiotics-and-obesity-a-burgeoning-or-thinning-argument
#10
Frank I Scott, Ronac Mamtani
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 27, 2016: JAMA Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28027336/understanding-the-full-effect-of-the-changing-legal-status-of-marijuana-on-youth-getting-it-right
#11
Alain Joffe
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 27, 2016: JAMA Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28027335/has-marijuana-legalization-increased-marijuana-use-among-us-youth
#12
Wayne Hall, Megan Weier
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 27, 2016: JAMA Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28027334/weight-gain-and-obesity-in-infants-and-young-children-exposed-to-prolonged-antibiotic-prophylaxis
#13
M Bruce Edmonson, Jens C Eickhoff
Importance: An association between antibiotic use and excessive weight gain or obesity in healthy infants and young children has been reported, but evidence is inconsistent and based on observational studies of growth in relation to incidental antibiotic exposures. Objective: To evaluate whether prolonged antibiotic exposure is associated with weight gain in children participating in a clinical trial of antibiotic prophylaxis to prevent recurrent urinary tract infection...
December 27, 2016: JAMA Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28027330/spending-on-children-s-health-care-in-the-united-states-accomplishments-and-challenges-in-financing-health-services-for-children
#14
Rachel L Garfield
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 27, 2016: JAMA Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28027329/marketing-claims-for-infant-formula-the-need-for-evidence
#15
Helen K Hughes, Michael M Landa, Joshua M Sharfstein
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 27, 2016: JAMA Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27992637/association-of-preoperative-anemia-with-postoperative-mortality-in-neonates-reply
#16
Susan M Goobie, David Faraoni, James A DiNardo
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 19, 2016: JAMA Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27992626/sex-and-racial-ethnic-differences-in-positive-outcomes-in-delinquent-youth-after-detention-a-12-year-longitudinal-study
#17
Karen M Abram, Nicole M Azores-Gococo, Kristin M Emanuel, David A Aaby, Leah J Welty, Jennifer A Hershfield, Melinda S Rosenbaum, Linda A Teplin
Importance: Longitudinal studies of delinquent youth have focused on criminal recidivism, not on psychosocial outcomes in adulthood. This omission is critical because after detention most youth return to the community, where they become the responsibility of pediatric health care professionals. Objective: To investigate 8 positive outcomes among delinquent youth 5 and 12 years after detention, focusing on sex and racial/ethnic differences. Design, Setting, and Participants: In the Northwestern Juvenile Project, a longitudinal US study of long-term outcomes of delinquent youth after detention, participants were interviewed in detention between November 20, 1995, and June 14, 1998, and reinterviewed up to 9 times during the 12-year study period, through May 12, 2011...
December 19, 2016: JAMA Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27992622/the-women-infants-and-children-food-package-and-100-fruit-juice-reply
#18
Jason M Nagata, Jennifer T Djafari, Lisa J Chamberlain
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 19, 2016: JAMA Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27992620/a-maker-movement-for-health-a-new-paradigm-for-health-innovation
#19
Jonathan Awori, Joyce M Lee
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 19, 2016: JAMA Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27992618/the-women-infants-and-children-food-package-and-100-fruit-juice
#20
Ronald E Kleinman, Theresa Nicklas
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 19, 2016: JAMA Pediatrics
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