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JAMA Pediatrics

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29340576/association-of-national-institute-of-child-health-and-human-development-career-development-awards-with-subsequent-research-project-grant-funding
#1
Dennis A Twombly, Sarah L Glavin, Jennifer Guimond, Susan Taymans, Catherine Y Spong, Diana W Bianchi
Importance: Investing in the next generation of researchers is essential, as recently highlighted in the 21st Century Cures Act. From its inception, the Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development (NICHD) has supported training and career development to ensure a robust pipeline of investigators who are prepared to lead their respective fields of inquiry. In recent years, the NICHD has emphasized institutional over individual training awards to a greater degree than many other National Institutes of Health institutes of similar size...
January 16, 2018: JAMA Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29340575/the-fragile-state-of-the-national-institutes-of-health-pediatric-research-portfolio-1992-2015-doing-more-with-less
#2
Daniel P Gitterman, W Scott Langford, William W Hay
In this article, we examine the status of the National Institutes of Health (NIH) pediatric research portfolio between start of federal fiscal year (FY) 1992 and end of FY 2015. The NIH experienced the greatest mean annual growth rate during the "doubling era" (FY 1998-2003): both the NIH budget (13.5%) and pediatric research portfolios (11.5%) increased annually by double digits. However, in the "postdoubling" era (FY 2004-2009), both the NIH (2.0%) and pediatric (-0.2%) mean annual growth rates decreased dramatically...
January 16, 2018: JAMA Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29340573/challenges-for-today-s-pediatric-physician-scientists
#3
Barbara J Stoll, Heinrich Taegtmeyer
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 16, 2018: JAMA Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29340570/name-and-characteristics-of-national-institutes-of-health-r01-funded-pediatric-physician-scientists-hope-and-challenges-for-the-vanishing-pediatric-physician-scientists
#4
Misty Good, Steven J McElroy, Jennifer N Berger, James L Wynn
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 16, 2018: JAMA Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29340563/citation-errors-in-figure-2
#5
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 16, 2018: JAMA Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29340560/physician-scientist-career-awards-and-a-dilemma-national-institute-of-child-health-and-human-development-k-awards-individual-institutional-or-national
#6
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29318255/early-detection-of-scoliosis-what-the-uspstf-i-means-for-us
#7
M Timothy Hresko, Richard M Schwend, Richard A Hostin
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 9, 2018: JAMA Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29309494/charlie-gard-and-the-limits-of-the-harm-principle-reply
#8
Seema K Shah, Abby R Rosenberg, Douglas S Diekema
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 8, 2018: JAMA Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29309491/i-thought-you-said-this-was-confidential-challenges-to-protecting-privacy-for-teens-and-young-adults
#9
Lauren E Wisk, Susan H Gray, Holly C Gooding
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 8, 2018: JAMA Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29309489/charlie-gard-and-the-limits-of-the-harm-principle
#10
Johan Christiaan Bester
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 8, 2018: JAMA Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29309486/comparing-alternative-ranibizumab-dosages-for-safety-and-efficacy-in-retinopathy-of-prematurity-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#11
Andreas Stahl, Tim U Krohne, Nicole Eter, Isabel Oberacher-Velten, Rainer Guthoff, Synke Meltendorf, Oliver Ehrt, Sabine Aisenbrey, Johann Roider, Heinrich Gerding, Claudia Jandeck, Lois E H Smith, Johanna M Walz
Importance: Anti-vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) therapies are a novel treatment option in retinopathy of prematurity (ROP). Data on dosing, efficacy, and safety are insufficient. Objective: To investigate lower doses of anti-VEGF therapy with ranibizumab, a substance with a significantly shorter systemic half-life than the standard treatment, bevacizumab. Design, Setting, and Participants: This randomized, multicenter, double-blind, investigator-initiated trial at 9 academic medical centers in Germany compared ranibizumab doses of 0...
January 8, 2018: JAMA Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29309485/trends-in-severe-obesity-among-children-aged-2-to-4-years-enrolled-in-special-supplemental-nutrition-program-for-women-infants-and-children-from-2000-to-2014
#12
Liping Pan, Sohyun Park, Renata Slayton, Alyson B Goodman, Heidi M Blanck
Importance: Severe obesity in childhood is associated with negative health consequences. A previous study examined trends in severe obesity among preschool-aged children in low-income families during 1998 to 2010. No recent trends have been reported. Objective: To examine trends in severe obesity by age, sex, and race/ethnicity among enrollees in the Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants, and Children (WIC) aged 2 to 4 years during 2000 to 2014...
January 8, 2018: JAMA Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29309483/effect-of-the-school-based-telemedicine-enhanced-asthma-management-sb-team-program-on-asthma-morbidity-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#13
Jill S Halterman, Maria Fagnano, Reynaldo S Tajon, Paul Tremblay, Hongyue Wang, Arlene Butz, Tamara T Perry, Kenneth M McConnochie
Importance: Poor adherence to recommended preventive asthma medications is common, leading to preventable morbidity. We developed the School-Based Telemedicine Enhanced Asthma Management (SB-TEAM) program to build on school-based supervised therapy programs by incorporating telemedicine at school to overcome barriers to preventive asthma care. Objective: To evaluate the effect of the SB-TEAM program on asthma morbidity among urban children with persistent asthma...
January 8, 2018: JAMA Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29309482/error-in-author-name
#14
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 8, 2018: JAMA Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29309481/error-in-key-points
#15
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 8, 2018: JAMA Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29297054/differences-in-morbidity-and-mortality-rates-in-black-white-and-hispanic-very-preterm-infants-among-new-york-city-hospitals
#16
Elizabeth A Howell, Teresa Janevic, Paul L Hebert, Natalia N Egorova, Amy Balbierz, Jennifer Zeitlin
Importance: Substantial quality improvements in neonatal care have occurred over the past decade yet racial and ethnic disparities in morbidity and mortality remain. It is uncertain whether disparate patterns of care by race and ethnicity contribute to disparities in neonatal outcomes. Objectives: To examine differences in neonatal morbidity and mortality rates among non-Hispanic black (black), Hispanic, and non-Hispanic white (white) very preterm infants and to determine whether these differences are explained by site of delivery...
January 2, 2018: JAMA Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29297052/association-of-long-term-exposure-to-airborne-particulate-matter-of-1-%C3%AE-m-or-less-with-preterm-birth-in-china
#17
Yuan-Yuan Wang, Qin Li, Yuming Guo, Hong Zhou, Xiaobin Wang, Qiaomei Wang, Haiping Shen, Yiping Zhang, Donghai Yan, Ya Zhang, Hongguang Zhang, Shanshan Li, Gongbo Chen, Jun Zhao, Yuan He, Ying Yang, Jihong Xu, Yan Wang, Zuoqi Peng, Hai-Jun Wang, Xu Ma
Importance: Airborne particulate matter pollution has been associated with preterm birth (PTB) in some studies. However, most of these studies assessed only populations living near monitoring stations, and the association of airborne particulate matter having a median diameter of 1 μm or less (PM1) with PTB has not been studied. Objective: To evaluate whether PM1 concentrations are associated with the risk of PTB. Design, Setting, and Participants: This national cohort study used National Free Preconception Health Examination Project data collected in 324 of 344 prefecture-level cities from 30 provinces of mainland China...
January 2, 2018: JAMA Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29297051/choice-of-hospital-as-a-source-of-racial-ethnic-disparities-in-neonatal-mortality-and-morbidity-rates
#18
Ciaran S Phibbs, Scott A Lorch
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2, 2018: JAMA Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29297044/a-lesson-in-balancing-education-and-empathy
#19
Stephanie Sophie Lee
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2, 2018: JAMA Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29297043/core-quality-and-outcome-measures-for-pediatric-health-reply
#20
William Gardner, Kelly J Kelleher
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2, 2018: JAMA Pediatrics
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