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JAMA Pediatrics

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29131900/improving-the-study-of-new-medicines-for-children-with-rare-diseases
#1
Florence T Bourgeois, Thomas J Hwang
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 13, 2017: JAMA Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29131898/association-of-maternal-obesity-with-longitudinal-ultrasonographic-measures-of-fetal-growth-findings-from-the-nichd-fetal-growth-studies-singletons
#2
Cuilin Zhang, Mary L Hediger, Paul S Albert, Jagteshwar Grewal, Anthony Sciscione, William A Grobman, Deborah A Wing, Roger B Newman, Ronald Wapner, Mary E D'Alton, Daniel Skupski, Michael P Nageotte, Angela C Ranzini, John Owen, Edward K Chien, Sabrina Craigo, Sungduk Kim, Katherine L Grantz, Germaine M Buck Louis
Importance: Despite the increasing prevalence of pregravid obesity, systematic evaluation of the association of maternal obesity with fetal growth trajectories is lacking. Objective: To characterize differences in fetal growth trajectories between obese and nonobese pregnant women, and to identify the timing of any observed differences. Design, Setting, and Participants: The Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development Fetal Growth Studies-Singletons study enrolled cohorts of pregnant women at 12 US health care institutions...
November 13, 2017: JAMA Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29131887/effect-of-an-intervention-to-promote-breastfeeding-on-asthma-lung-function-and-atopic-eczema-at-age-16-years-follow-up-of-the-probit-randomized-trial
#3
Carsten Flohr, A John Henderson, Michael S Kramer, Rita Patel, Jennifer Thompson, Sheryl L Rifas-Shiman, Seungmi Yang, Konstantin Vilchuck, Natalia Bogdanovich, Mikhail Hameza, Richard M Martin, Emily Oken
Importance: Atopic diseases, including asthma and atopic eczema, are the most common chronic conditions of childhood. Objective: To investigate whether an intervention to promote prolonged and exclusive breastfeeding protects against asthma, atopic eczema, and low lung function in adolescence. Design, Setting, and Participants: Follow-up of the Promotion of Breastfeeding Intervention Trial (PROBIT), a cluster randomized trial in 30 Belarusian maternity hospitals and affiliated polyclinics; recruitment of 17 046 healthy term infants took place from June 15, 1996, to December 31, 1997...
November 13, 2017: JAMA Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29131885/median-time-to-antiretroviral-therapy-initiation-in-a-cohort-of-chinese-infants-born-with-hiv
#4
Yan Zhao, Yuexin Wang, Ailing Wang, Jennifer M McGoogan, Zunyou Wu
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 13, 2017: JAMA Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29131883/errors-in-data-input-in-results-figure-and-table
#5
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 13, 2017: JAMA Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29131879/time-to-appendectomy-and-risk-of-complicated-appendicitis-and-adverse-outcomes-in-children-reply
#6
Shawn J Rangel
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 13, 2017: JAMA Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29131877/time-to-appendectomy-and-risk-of-complicated-appendicitis-and-adverse-outcomes-in-children
#7
William Bonadio
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 13, 2017: JAMA Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29131876/errors-in-data-input-in-meta-analysis-on-association-between-initial-use-of-e-cigarettes-and-subsequent-cigarette-smoking-among-adolescents-and-young-adults
#8
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29131874/association-between-inhaled-corticosteroid-use-and-bone-fracture-in-children-with-asthma
#9
Natasha Gray, Andrew Howard, Jingqin Zhu, Laura Y Feldman, Teresa To
Importance: Daily use of inhaled corticosteroids is a widely recommended treatment for mild persistent asthma in children. There is concern that, similar to systemic corticosteroids, inhaled corticosteroids may have adverse effects on bone health. Objective: To determine whether there is an increased risk of bone fracture associated with inhaled corticosteroid use in children with asthma. Design, Setting, and Participants: In this population-based nested case-control study, we used health administrative databases to identify a cohort of children aged 2 to 18 years with a physician diagnosis of asthma between April 1, 2003, and March 31, 2014, who were eligible for public drug coverage through the Ontario Drug Benefit Program (Ontario, Canada)...
November 13, 2017: JAMA Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29114843/hypertonic-saline-and-acute-bronchiolitis-reply
#10
François Angoulvant, Karen Milcent, Vincent Gajdos
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 6, 2017: JAMA Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29114743/mild-neonatal-encephalopathy-how-when-and-how-much-to-treat
#11
Gregory A Lodygensky, Malcolm R Battin, Alistair J Gunn
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 6, 2017: JAMA Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29114734/hypertonic-saline-and-acute-bronchiolitis-the-debate-is-still-on
#12
Xavier Tanguay-Rioux, Anali Maneshi, Hajar Al Hoqani
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 6, 2017: JAMA Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29114730/ensuring-access-to-preventive-services-for-adolescents-historical-roots-current-progress-and-future-challenges
#13
Abigail English, Jane Perkins
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 6, 2017: JAMA Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29114729/cost-effectiveness-of-strategies-for-offering-influenza-vaccine-in-the-pediatric-emergency-department
#14
Rebecca J Hart, Michelle D Stevenson, Michael J Smith, A Scott LaJoie, Keith Cross
Importance: Influenza is a significant public health burden, causing morbidity and mortality in children, yet vaccination rates remain low. Vaccination in the pediatric emergency department (PED) setting may be beneficial but, to date, has not been proven to be cost-effective. Objective: To compare the cost-effectiveness of 4 strategies for PED-based influenza vaccine: offering vaccine to all patients, only to patients younger than 5 years, only to high-risk patients (all ages), or to no patients...
November 6, 2017: JAMA Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29114727/the-well-child-visit
#15
Megan A Moreno
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 6, 2017: JAMA Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29114725/association-between-adolescent-preventive-care-and-the-role-of-the-affordable-care-act
#16
Sally H Adams, M Jane Park, Lauren Twietmeyer, Claire D Brindis, Charles E Irwin
Importance: Despite decades of adolescent preventive well visit and services promotion (Guidelines for Adolescent Preventive Services and Bright Futures), rates are below recommended levels and little is known of the effect of the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act (ACA) implementation on these care rates. Objectives: To use Medical Expenditure Panel Survey data to determine (1) whether adolescent well visit rates increased from the pre-ACA period to post-ACA period, and (2) whether caregivers' reports of past-year preventive services delivery increased from the pre- to post-ACA period among adolescents with any past-year health care visit...
November 6, 2017: JAMA Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29114723/the-lost-art-of-doctoring-reflections-of-a-pediatric-resident
#17
Sarah M Mitchell
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 6, 2017: JAMA Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29084336/effectiveness-of-%C3%AE-lactam-monotherapy-vs-macrolide-combination-therapy-for-children-hospitalized-with-pneumonia
#18
Derek J Williams, Kathryn M Edwards, Wesley H Self, Yuwei Zhu, Sandra R Arnold, Jonathan A McCullers, Krow Ampofo, Andrew T Pavia, Evan J Anderson, Lauri A Hicks, Anna M Bramley, Seema Jain, Carlos G Grijalva
Importance: β-Lactam monotherapy and β-lactam plus macrolide combination therapy are both common empirical treatment strategies for children hospitalized with pneumonia, but few studies have evaluated the effectiveness of these 2 treatment approaches. Objective: To compare the effectiveness of β-lactam monotherapy vs β-lactam plus macrolide combination therapy among a cohort of children hospitalized with pneumonia. Design, Setting, and Participants: We analyzed data from the Etiology of Pneumonia in the Community Study, a multicenter, prospective, population-based study of community-acquired pneumonia hospitalizations conducted from January 1, 2010, to June 30, 2012, in 3 children's hospitals in Nashville, Tennessee; Memphis, Tennessee; and Salt Lake City, Utah...
October 30, 2017: JAMA Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29084329/association-between-early-life-adversity-and-risk-for-poor-emotional-and-physical-health-in-adolescence-a-putative-mechanistic-neurodevelopmental-pathway
#19
Joan L Luby, Deanna Barch, Diana Whalen, Rebecca Tillman, Andy Belden
Importance: Adverse childhood experiences (ACEs) have been associated with poor mental and physical health outcomes. However, the mechanism of this effect, critical to enhancing public health, remains poorly understood. Objective: To investigate the neurodevelopmental trajectory of the association between early ACEs and adolescent general and emotional health outcomes. Design, Setting, and Participants: A prospective longitudinal study that began when patients were aged 3 to 6 years who underwent neuroimaging later at ages 7 to 12 years and whose mental and physical health outcomes were observed at ages 9 to 15 years...
October 30, 2017: JAMA Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29084318/dose-content-and-mediators-of-family-based-treatment-for-childhood-obesity-a-multisite-randomized-clinical-trial
#20
Denise E Wilfley, Brian E Saelens, Richard I Stein, John R Best, Rachel P Kolko, Kenneth B Schechtman, Michael Wallendorf, R Robinson Welch, Michael G Perri, Leonard H Epstein
Importance: Elucidation of optimal dosing and treatment content is critical for health care providers, payers, and policy makers, as well as mechanisms of change to inform intervention delivery and training initiatives for childhood obesity. Objectives: To evaluate effects, following a 4-month family-based behavioral weight loss treatment (FBT), of 2 doses (HIGH or LOW) of a weight-control intervention (enhanced social facilitation maintenance [SFM+]) vs a weight-control education condition (CONTROL; matched for dose with LOW), on child anthropometrics, and to explore putative mediators of weight loss outcomes...
October 30, 2017: JAMA Pediatrics
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