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JAMA Otolaryngology—Head & Neck Surgery

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28732099/expression-of-concern-schietroma-m-cecilia-em-carlei-f-sista-f-de-santis-g-lancione-l-amicucci-g-dexamethasone-for-the-prevention-of-recurrent-laryngeal-nerve-palsy-and-other-complications-after-thyroid-surgery-a-randomized-double-blind-placebo-controlled-trial
#1
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727866/pediatric-posttonsillectomy-analgesia-before-and-after-the-black-box-warning-against-codeine-use
#2
William C Van Cleve
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 20, 2017: JAMA Otolaryngology—Head & Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727861/patient-preference-research-in-otolaryngology-what-do-patients-want
#3
Matthew R Naunheim, Eve Wittenberg, Mark G Shrime
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 20, 2017: JAMA Otolaryngology—Head & Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727857/an-unusual-laryngeal-foreign-body-a-bee-stinger-in-the-epiglottis
#4
Robert J Chouake, William E Karle, Craig H Zalvan
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 20, 2017: JAMA Otolaryngology—Head & Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28715559/interferon-%C3%AE-treatment-of-human-laryngotracheal-stenosis-derived-fibroblasts
#5
Kevin Motz, Idris Samad, Linda X Yin, Michael K Murphy, Madhavi Duvvuri, Dacheng Ding, Alexander T Hillel
Importance: Laryngotracheal stenosis (LTS) is a fibroproliferative disorder of the glottis, subglottis, and trachea. In models of fibrosis from other organ systems, the CD4+ T-cell response has been shown to regulate extracellular matrix deposition. Specifically, helper T cell 2 (TH2) promotes fibrosis, whereas TH1 and associated cytokines have been shown to be antifibrotic. However, this antifibrotic effect of the TH1 response has not been demonstrated in LTS. Objective: To determine whether the TH1 cytokine interferon-γ inhibits the function of LTS-derived fibroblasts in vitro...
July 13, 2017: JAMA Otolaryngology—Head & Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28715533/diagnosis-and-treatment-of-ankyloglossia-in-newborns-and-infants-a-review
#6
Jonathan Walsh, David Tunkel
Importance: The influence of tongue tie, or ankyloglossia, on breastfeeding is the subject of growing debate. Restriction of tongue mobility from the frenulum varies greatly among newborns and infants (hereinafter referred to as infants). Controversies about whether an infant has ankyloglossia and which infants need treatment are evident with wide variations in medical practice and a lack of high-quality clinical studies that provide guidance. Observations: Diagnosis and management of ankyloglossia in infants can be a source of confusion and frustration for clinicians and families...
July 13, 2017: JAMA Otolaryngology—Head & Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28715529/changes-in-peak-airflow-measurement-during-maximal-cough-after-vocal-fold-augmentation-in-patients-with-glottic-insufficiency
#7
Gregory R Dion, Efstratios Achlatis, Stephanie Teng, Yixin Fang, Michael Persky, Ryan C Branski, Milan R Amin
Importance: Compromised cough effectiveness is correlated with dysphagia and aspiration. Glottic insufficiency likely yields decreased cough strength and effectiveness. Although vocal fold augmentation favorably affects voice and likely improves cough strength, few data exist to support this hypothesis. Objective: To assess whether vocal fold augmentation improves peak airflow measurements during maximal-effort cough following augmentation. Setting, Design, Participants: This case series study was conducted in a tertiary, academic laryngology clinic...
July 13, 2017: JAMA Otolaryngology—Head & Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28715525/quality-metrics-in-oral-cavity-cancer-developing-standards-for-optimal-lymph-node-yield
#8
Jon Mallen St Clair
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 13, 2017: JAMA Otolaryngology—Head & Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28715521/association-of-number-of-dissected-lymph-nodes-with-survival-in-clinically-node-negative-oral-cavity-squamous-cell-carcinoma-patients-undergoing-primary-surgery-a-population-based-analysis
#9
Chiaojung Jillian Tsai, Junting Zheng, Zhigang Zhang, Nadeem Riaz, Shrujal S Baxi, Richard J Wong, Nancy Y Lee
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 13, 2017: JAMA Otolaryngology—Head & Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28715519/nocturnal-dyspnea-as-a-result-of-a-hypopharyngeal-mass
#10
Ksenia A Aaron, Anthony Myint, Lindsay S Reder
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 13, 2017: JAMA Otolaryngology—Head & Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28687835/parental-actionability-of-educational-materials-regarding-laryngotracheal-reconstruction
#11
Kevin Wong, Katherine R Keefe, Amir Gilad, Christopher J Chong-Sun Li, Jessica R Levi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 6, 2017: JAMA Otolaryngology—Head & Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28687832/addressing-the-challenges-in-tonsillectomy-research-to-inform-health-care-policy-a-review
#12
Rishi Mandavia, Anne G M Schilder, Panagiotis A Dimitriadis, Elias Mossialos
Importance: Eighty-five percent of investment in medical research has been wasted, with lack of effect on clinical practice and policy. There is increasing effort to improve the likelihood of research being used to influence clinical practice and policy. Tonsillectomy is one of the most common otorhinolaryngologic surgical procedures, and its frequency, cost, and morbidity create a clear need for evidence-based guidelines and policy. The first systematic review on tonsillectomy was conducted 40 years ago and highlighted the lack of definitive evidence for the procedure...
July 6, 2017: JAMA Otolaryngology—Head & Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28687818/addressing-the-challenges-for-otolaryngology-research-to-inform-patient-care-and-outcomes
#13
Jay F Piccirillo, Bevan Yueh, Louise Davies, Edward Weaver
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 6, 2017: JAMA Otolaryngology—Head & Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28687817/etiologic-and-audiologic-characteristics-of-patients-with-pediatric-onset-unilateral-and-asymmetric-sensorineural-hearing-loss
#14
Pei-Hsuan Lin, Chuan-Jen Hsu, Yi-Hsin Lin, Yin-Hung Lin, Hui-Yu Lee, Chen-Chi Wu, Tien-Chen Liu
Importance: Pediatric-onset unilateral and asymmetric sensorineural hearing loss (SNHL) is a common condition, but in most patients, the cause remains unclear; thus, determination of the hearing outlook is difficult. Objective: To analyze the etiologic and audiologic characteristics of pediatric-onset unilateral and asymmetric SNHL. Design, Setting, and Participants: In this retrospective cohort study performed from January 1, 2008, through December 31, 2016, patients at a tertiary referral center who were diagnosed with pediatric-onset unilateral or asymmetric SNHL were divided into 3 groups according to their hearing levels: unilateral hearing loss with scaled-out levels (UHL-SO), unilateral hearing loss with residual hearing (UHL-RH), and asymmetric hearing loss (AHL)...
July 6, 2017: JAMA Otolaryngology—Head & Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28662244/association-of-insurance-and-community-level-socioeconomic-status-with-treatment-and-outcome-of-squamous-cell-carcinoma-of-the-pharynx
#15
Jacob Y Shin, Ja Kyoung Yoon, Aaron K Shin, Philip Blumenfeld, Miranda Mai, Aidnag Z Diaz
Importance: Community-level socioeconomic status, particularly insurance status, is increasingly becoming important as a possible determinant in patient outcomes. Objective: To determine the association of insurance and community-level socioeconomic status with outcome for patients with pharyngeal squamous cell carcinoma (SCC). Design, Setting, and Participants: This study extracted data from more than 1500 Commission on Cancer-accredited facilities collected in the National Cancer Database...
June 29, 2017: JAMA Otolaryngology—Head & Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28662238/use-of-audiometric-measurement-for-assessment-of-vocal-fold-function-in-postextubation-infants
#16
Yi-Chun Carol Liu, Indu Varier, Julina Ongkasuwan
Importance: Infants with vocal-fold motion impairment (VFMI) have an increased risk of aspiration and pulmonary complications. Flexible nasolaryngoscopy (FNL) is the gold standard for evaluation of vocal-fold mobility. Although safe, FNL causes measurable physiologic changes. Noxious stimuli, especially in neonates in the cardiovascular intensive care unit, may cause imbalance between the pulmonary and systemic circulations and potentially circulatory collapse. Objective: To examine whether bedside measurement of infant cry volume using a smartphone application can be a screening tool for vocal-fold movement in FNL...
June 29, 2017: JAMA Otolaryngology—Head & Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28662233/control-of-pain-after-tonsillectomy-in-children-a-review
#17
Grace X Tan, David E Tunkel
Importance: The relief of pain after tonsillectomy in children remains challenging and even controversial. While the need for pain control after this surgery is understood, recent debate has centered around the risks of opioids in children with obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS) and the possible increases in posttonsillectomy hemorrhage with the use of alternative nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs). Observations: We discuss the multiple facets of posttonsillectomy pain control in children...
June 29, 2017: JAMA Otolaryngology—Head & Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28662224/unilateral-nasal-congestion-in-an-elderly-man
#18
Yi Cai, Arjun K Parasher, James N Palmer
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 29, 2017: JAMA Otolaryngology—Head & Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28655062/an-objective-drug-induced-sedation-endoscopy-data-capture-and-analysis-system
#19
Esuabom Dijemeni, Gabriele D'Amone, Israel Gbati
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 22, 2017: JAMA Otolaryngology—Head & Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28655057/evaluating-surgeon-specific-performance-for-endoscopic-sinus-surgery
#20
Luke Rudmik, Yuan Xu, Jeremiah A Alt, Adam Deconde, Timothy L Smith, Rodney J Schlosser, Hude Quan, Zachary M Soler
Importance: Several identified factors have raised questions concerning the quality of care for endoscopic sinus surgery (ESS), including the presence of large geographic variation in the rates and extent of surgery, poorly defined indications, and lack of ESS-specific quality metrics. Combined with the risk of major complications, ESS represents a high-value target for quality improvement. Objective: To evaluate differences in surgeon-specific performance for ESS using a risk-adjusted, 5-year ESS revision rate as a quality metric...
June 22, 2017: JAMA Otolaryngology—Head & Neck Surgery
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