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JAMA Otolaryngology—Head & Neck Surgery

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28910442/unilateral-laryngoscopic-findings-associated-with-response-to-gabapentin-in-patients-with-chronic-cough
#1
John Paul Giliberto, Daniel Dibildox, Albert Merati
Importance: Chronic cough is a debilitating, often multifactorial problem. Vagal neuropathy has been proposed as a cause for a fraction of these cases. There are certain features that support the clinical diagnosis of vagal neuropathy. It is hypothesized that patients with neurogenic cough who have vocal fold motion asymmetry (VFMA) on laryngoscopy will be more likely to respond to gabapentin. Objective: To evaluate the association between the history, physical and videostroboscopic examinations, and clinical response to gabapentin...
September 14, 2017: JAMA Otolaryngology—Head & Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28910434/anesthesia-exposure-and-neurotoxicity-in-children-understanding-the-fda-warning-and-implications-for-the-otolaryngologist
#2
Lyndsey A Grover, Ron B Mitchell, Peter Szmuk
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 14, 2017: JAMA Otolaryngology—Head & Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28910425/reporting-of-effect-size-and-confidence-intervals-in-jama-otolaryngology-head-neck-surgery
#3
Omar A Karadaghy, Helena Hong, Nicholas Scott-Wittenborn, Parul Sinha, Jasmina Suko, Sarah Tait, Nneoma S Wamkpah, Dorina Kallogjeri, Jay F Piccirillo
Importance: Effect sizes and confidence intervals (CIs) are critical for the interpretation of the results for any outcome of interest. Objective: To evaluate the frequency of reporting effect sizes and CIs in the results of analytical studies. Design, Setting, and Participants: Descriptive review of analytical studies published from January 2012 to December 2015 in JAMA Otolaryngology-Head & Neck Surgery. Methods: A random sample of 121 articles was reviewed in this study...
September 14, 2017: JAMA Otolaryngology—Head & Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28880991/a-comparison-of-alkaline-water-and-mediterranean-diet-vs-proton-pump-inhibition-for-treatment-of-laryngopharyngeal-reflux
#4
Craig H Zalvan, Shirley Hu, Barbara Greenberg, Jan Geliebter
Importance: Laryngopharyngeal reflux (LPR) is a common disorder with protean manifestations in the head and neck. In this retrospective study, we report the efficacy of a wholly dietary approach using alkaline water, a plant-based, Mediterranean-style diet, and standard reflux precautions compared with that of the traditional treatment approach of proton pump inhibition (PPI) and standard reflux precautions. Objective: To determine whether treatment with a diet-based approach with standard reflux precautions alone can improve symptoms of LPR compared with treatment with PPI and standard reflux precautions...
September 7, 2017: JAMA Otolaryngology—Head & Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28880985/dietary-modifications-in-the-treatment-of-laryngopharyngeal-reflux-will-an-apple-a-day-keep-the-laryngopharyngeal-reflux-away
#5
Robert T Kavitt
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 7, 2017: JAMA Otolaryngology—Head & Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28880984/association-of-a-perioperative-education-program-with-unplanned-readmission-following-total-laryngectomy
#6
Evan M Graboyes, Dorina Kallogjeri, Jan Zerega, Sara Kukuljan, Linda Neal, Kelsey M Rosenquist, Brian Nussenbaum
Importance: Patients undergoing total laryngectomy (TL) are at high risk for 30-day hospital readmission. Strategies to decrease the readmission rate remain unknown. Objectives: To assess the association of a comprehensive perioperative TL education program with unplanned readmissions; to determine the program's association with the rate of readmissions for stomal or tracheoesophageal puncture (TEP) complications and patient and caregiver knowledge of and preparedness for TL...
September 7, 2017: JAMA Otolaryngology—Head & Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28859201/characterization-of-head-trunk-coordination-deficits-after-unilateral-vestibular-hypofunction-using-wearable-sensors
#7
Serene S Paul, Leland E Dibble, Raymond G Walther, Clough Shelton, Richard Klaus Gurgel, Mark E Lester
Importance: Individuals with vestibular hypofunction acutely restrict head motion to reduce symptoms of dizziness and nausea. This restriction results in abnormal decoupling of head motion from trunk motion, but the character, magnitude, and persistence of these deficits are unclear. Objective: To use wearable inertial sensors to quantify the extent of head and trunk kinematic abnormalities in the subacute stage after resection of vestibular schwannoma (VS) and the particular areas of deficit in head-trunk motion...
August 31, 2017: JAMA Otolaryngology—Head & Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28859191/natural-history-and-tumor-volume-kinetics-of-papillary-thyroid-cancers-during-active-surveillance
#8
R Michael Tuttle, James A Fagin, Gerald Minkowitz, Richard J Wong, Benjamin Roman, Snehal Patel, Brian Untch, Ian Ganly, Ashok R Shaha, Jatin P Shah, Mark Pace, Duan Li, Ariadne Bach, Oscar Lin, Adrian Whiting, Ronald Ghossein, Inigo Landa, Mona Sabra, Laura Boucai, Stephanie Fish, Luc G T Morris
Importance: Active surveillance of low-risk papillary thyroid cancer (PTC) is now an accepted alternative to immediate surgery, but experience with this approach outside of Japan is limited. The kinetics (probability, rate, and magnitude) of PTC tumor growth under active surveillance have not been well defined. Objective: To describe the kinetics of PTC tumor growth during active surveillance. Design, Setting, Participants: Cohort study of 291 patients undergoing active surveillance for low-risk PTC (intrathyroidal tumors ≤1...
August 31, 2017: JAMA Otolaryngology—Head & Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28859186/achieving-active-surveillance-for-thyroid-cancer-not-a-euphemism-for-watching-a-ticking-time-bomb
#9
Joseph Scharpf
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 31, 2017: JAMA Otolaryngology—Head & Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28837725/comparison-of-output-volume-thresholds-for-drain-removal-after-selective-lateral-neck-dissection-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#10
Matthew L Tamplen, Jesse Tamplen, Elizabeth Shuman, Chase M Heaton, Jonathan R George, Steven J Wang, William R Ryan
Importance: Limited evidence is available to guide drain removal after selective lateral neck dissection (SLND). Patients may have drains left in longer than necessary, leading to patient discomfort, longer hospitalizations, and increased costs. Objective: To compare 2 output volume thresholds for drain removal after SLND. Design, Setting, and Participants: This single-blind randomized clinical trial included a consecutive sample of all adult patients undergoing unilateral or bilateral SLND of levels I to III, I to IV, II to III, or II to IV from March 1, 2015, to December 1, 2016, at a tertiary academic medical center...
August 24, 2017: JAMA Otolaryngology—Head & Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28837724/typographical-data-error-in-abstract
#11
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 24, 2017: JAMA Otolaryngology—Head & Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28837710/hearing-loss-and-patient-physician-communication-the-role-of-an-otolaryngologist
#12
Heather M Weinreich
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 24, 2017: JAMA Otolaryngology—Head & Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28837709/age-related-hearing-loss-and-communication-breakdown-in-the-clinical-setting
#13
Vikki Cudmore, Patrick Henn, Colm M P O'Tuathaigh, Simon Smith
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 24, 2017: JAMA Otolaryngology—Head & Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28817760/association-between-hypercoagulability-and-severe-obstructive-sleep-apnea
#14
Seung-No Hong, Hee-Chul Yun, Joon Hyuk Yoo, Seung Hoon Lee
Importance: Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is related to the increased risk of cardiovascular disease. Although the pathogenesis of this association remains unclear, an alteration in coagulability is suspected as a link. Objective: To investigate the association between the severity of OSA and blood coagulability. Design, Setting, and Participants: A retrospective cohort study conducted at a tertiary care university hospital evaluated 146 patients with OSA from January 1, 2009, to July 31, 2015...
August 17, 2017: JAMA Otolaryngology—Head & Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28817750/the-surgeon-on-service-model-for-timely-economically-viable-inpatient-care-of-tracheostomy-patients-in-academic-pediatric-otolaryngology
#15
Jennifer M Lavin, James W Schroeder, Dana M Thompson
Importance: The traditional practice model for pediatric otolaryngologists at high-volume academic centers is to simultaneously balance outpatient care responsibilities with those of the inpatient service, emergency department, and ambulatory care clinics. This model leads to challenges with care coordination, timeliness of nonemergency operative care, and consistent participation in care and consultation at the attending surgeon level. The "surgeon on service" (SOS) model-where faculty members rotate to manage the inpatient service in lieu of outpatient responsibilities-has been described as one method to address this conundrum...
August 17, 2017: JAMA Otolaryngology—Head & Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28796866/teaching-quality-improvement-and-patient-safety-in-residency-education-strategies-for-meaningful-resident-quality-and-safety-initiatives
#16
Robert J Morrison, Sarah N Bowe, Michael J Brenner
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 10, 2017: JAMA Otolaryngology—Head & Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28796850/the-economic-impact-of-adult-hearing-loss-a-systematic-review
#17
Matthew G Huddle, Adele M Goman, Faradia C Kernizan, Danielle M Foley, Carrie Price, Kevin D Frick, Frank R Lin
Importance: Hearing impairment (HI) is highly prevalent in older adults and has been associated with adverse health outcomes. However, the overall economic impact of HI is not well described. Objective: The goal of this review was to summarize available data on all relevant costs associated with HI among adults. Evidence Review: A literature search of PubMed, Embase, the Cochrane Library, CINAHL, and Scopus was conducted in August 2015. For this systematic review, data extraction and quality assessment were performed by 2 independent reviewers...
August 10, 2017: JAMA Otolaryngology—Head & Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28796849/neutrophil-extracellular-traps-and-fibrin-in-otitis-media-analysis-of-human-and-chinchilla-temporal-bones
#18
Patricia A Schachern, Geeyoun Kwon, David E Briles, Patricia Ferrieri, Steven Juhn, Sebahattin Cureoglu, Michael M Paparella, Vladimir Tsuprun
Background: Bacterial resistance in acute otitis can result in bacterial persistence and biofilm formation, triggering chronic and recurrent infections. Objective: To investigate the middle ear inflammatory response to bacterial infection in human and chinchilla temporal bones. Design, Setting, and Participants: Six chinchillas underwent intrabullar inoculations with 0.5 mL of 106 colony-forming units (CFUs) of Streptococcus pneumoniae, serotype 2...
August 10, 2017: JAMA Otolaryngology—Head & Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28772310/development-and-initial-validation-of-a-consumer-questionnaire-to-predict-the-presence-of-ear-disease
#19
Samantha J Kleindienst, David A Zapala, Donald W Nielsen, James W Griffith, Dania Rishiq, Larry Lundy, Sumitrajit Dhar
Importance: The already large population of individuals with age- or noise-related hearing loss in the United States is increasing, yet hearing aids remain largely inaccessible. The recent decision by the US Food and Drug Administration to not enforce the medical examination prior to hearing aid fitting highlights the need to reengineer consumer protections when increasing accessibility. A self-administered tool to estimate ear disease risk would provide disease surveillance without posing an unreasonable barrier to hearing aid procurement...
August 3, 2017: JAMA Otolaryngology—Head & Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28772299/transoral-robotic-surgery-assisted-endoscopy
#20
Adam S Garden, William H Morrison
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 3, 2017: JAMA Otolaryngology—Head & Neck Surgery
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