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JAMA Otolaryngology—Head & Neck Surgery

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30193368/association-of-cognition-and-age-related-hearing-impairment-in-the-english-longitudinal-study-of-ageing
#1
Jaydip Ray, Gurleen Popli, Greg Fell
Importance: Evidence has linked age-related hearing impairment (ARHI) with cognitive decline; however, very few studies (none in the United Kingdom) explore this link in large well-characterized groups of community-dwelling individuals. Objective: To investigate the link between ARHI and cognitive decline using a cohort of elderly individuals from the United Kingdom and explore untreated hearing loss and social isolation as potential explanations for the observed link...
September 6, 2018: JAMA Otolaryngology—Head & Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30193338/validation-of-haptic-properties-of-materials-for-endoscopic-sinus-and-skull-base-surgery-simulation
#2
Valentin Favier, Yaser Najaf, Guillaume Captier
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 6, 2018: JAMA Otolaryngology—Head & Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30193299/symptom-burden-associated-with-late-lower-cranial-neuropathy-in-long-term-oropharyngeal-cancer-survivors
#3
Puja Aggarwal, Jhankruti S Zaveri, Ryan P Goepfert, Qiuling Shi, Xianglin L Du, Michael Swartz, G Brandon Gunn, Stephen Y Lai, C David Fuller, Ehab Y Hanna, David I Rosenthal, Jan S Lewin, Linda B Piller, Katherine A Hutcheson
Importance: Lower cranial neuropathy (LCNP) is a rare but potentially disabling result of radiotherapy and other head and neck cancer therapies. Survivors who develop late LCNP may experience profound functional impairment, with deficits in swallowing, speech, and voice. Objective: To investigate the association of late LCNP with severity of cancer treatment-related symptoms and subsequent general functional impairment among oropharyngeal cancer (OPC) survivors...
September 6, 2018: JAMA Otolaryngology—Head & Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30193297/preoperative-imaging-techniques-in-primary-hyperparathyroidism-a-review
#4
Paul M Bunch, Hillary R Kelly
Importance: Successful minimally invasive parathyroidectomy requires confident and accurate preoperative localization. Several noninvasive imaging techniques are well established for preoperative localization, and others are emerging. Observations: Ultrasonography and sestamibi imaging are established preoperative localization techniques with good sensitivity and positive predictive value. Multiphase 4-dimensional computed tomography is a newer technique with arguably superior performance, particularly in the setting of negative or discordant ultrasonography and sestamibi imaging, residual or recurrent primary hyperparathyroidism following a previous surgical operation, and multiglandular disease...
September 6, 2018: JAMA Otolaryngology—Head & Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30193293/comparison-of-opioid-utilization-patterns-after-major-head-and-neck-procedures-between-hong-kong-and-the-united-states
#5
Ryan J Li, Myriam Loyo Li, Enrique Leon, Cherrie W K Ng, Maisie Shindo, Katie Manzione, Peter Andersen, Daniel Clayburgh, Mark Wax, Jason Y K Chan
Importance: The current opioid abuse epidemic in the United States requires evaluation of prescribing practices within all medical specialties. This examination includes a review of postoperative pain management for patients undergoing major head and neck procedures. Objective: To report differences in postoperative pain regimens between an international and domestic head and neck surgical program. Design, Setting, and Participants: Pain management patterns after head and neck surgery in the programs at Chinese University of Hong Kong (CUHK) and Oregon Health and Science University (OHSU) were compared with a focus on opioids, nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), acetaminophen or paracetamol, and anxiolytics...
September 6, 2018: JAMA Otolaryngology—Head & Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30193287/validation-of-haptic-properties-of-materials-for-endoscopic-sinus-and-skull-base-surgery-simulation-reply
#6
Tsung-Yen Hsieh, Brian Cervenka, Toby O Steele
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 6, 2018: JAMA Otolaryngology—Head & Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30178067/unintended-consequences-of-white-noise-therapy-for-tinnitus-otolaryngology-s-cobra-effect-a-review
#7
Mouna Attarha, James Bigelow, Michael M Merzenich
Importance: Critical to the success of many medical therapeutics is a consideration of the brain's miraculous ability to dynamically rewire itself anatomically and neurochemically on the basis of incoming information. We argue that white noise exposure, a commonly recommended therapy for patients with tinnitus, engages these plastic processes in a way that induces maladaptive changes in the brain that degrade neurological health and compromise cognition. Observations: The pathophysiologic mechanisms commonly associated with hearing loss and tinnitus reflect cortical dedifferentiation and widespread loss of inhibitory tone throughout the central auditory pathway...
August 30, 2018: JAMA Otolaryngology—Head & Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30178063/assessment-of-a-statistical-algorithm-for-the-prediction-of-benign-paroxysmal-positional-vertigo
#8
Christopher J Britt, Bryan K Ward, Yaw Owusu, David Friedland, Jonathon O Russell, Heather M Weinreich
Importance: Benign paroxysmal positional vertigo (BPPV) is an otologic pathologic condition defined as a sensation of spinning triggered by changes in head position relative to gravity and caused by an entrapment of fragmented endolymph debris most commonly in the posterior semicircular canal. Confirmation of diagnosis requires experience with procedures that are poorly known by those other than practitioners with advanced otologic training. The complexity in the diagnosis of BPPV inspired the design of a questionnaire-based algorithm that would be useful for determining a vestibular diagnosis and treatment options...
August 30, 2018: JAMA Otolaryngology—Head & Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30178059/professional-and-patient-engagement-visual-abstracts-and-applications-to-otolaryngology-social-media-s-siren-call
#9
Jennifer A Villwock, Michael M Johns
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 30, 2018: JAMA Otolaryngology—Head & Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30178026/preference-signaling-in-the-national-resident-matching-program
#10
Jenny X Chen, Francis Deng, Stacey T Gray
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 30, 2018: JAMA Otolaryngology—Head & Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30178008/preference-signaling-in-the-national-resident-matching-program-reply
#11
Parsa P Salehi, Pauniz Salehi, Elias Michaelides
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 30, 2018: JAMA Otolaryngology—Head & Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30178005/active-surveillance-in-thyroid-microcarcinoma-in-a-latin-american-cohort
#12
Alvaro Sanabria
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 30, 2018: JAMA Otolaryngology—Head & Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30140909/association-of-preferences-for-papillary-thyroid-cancer-treatment-with-disease-terminology-a-discrete-choice-experiment
#13
Brooke Nickel, Kirsten Howard, Juan P Brito, Alexandra Barratt, Ray Moynihan, Kirsten McCaffery
Importance: Given recent evidence of overdiagnosis and overtreatment of small papillary thyroid cancers (PTCs) and other low-risk cancers, strategies are needed to help patients consider less invasive treatment options. Objectives: To determine which factors influence treatment preferences for patients with PTC, and the trade-offs in treatment factors people are willing to accept, and to understand how terminology influences preferences and benefit-harm trade-offs...
August 22, 2018: JAMA Otolaryngology—Head & Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30140895/association-of-the-word-cancer-with-thyroid-cancer-treatment-decisions-a-rose-by-any-other-name
#14
Megan R Haymart
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 22, 2018: JAMA Otolaryngology—Head & Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30128560/comparison-of-artificial-saliva-vs-saline-solution-on-rate-of-suture-degradation-in-oropharyngeal-surgery
#15
Jenna W Briddell, Luke E Riexinger, Jove Graham, Donna M Ebenstein
Importance: Absorbable sutures are designed to degrade and lose strength over time. Manufacturers warn that exposure to various body fluids can change the estimated degradation rate of these sutures, but few studies have been conducted to quantify the degree of change associated with saliva. Objective: To quantify the association of increased loss of strength of sutures over time after exposure to artificial saliva (hereinafter referred to as "saliva")...
August 16, 2018: JAMA Otolaryngology—Head & Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30128545/association-between-catastrophizing-and-dizziness-related-disability-assessed-with-the-dizziness-catastrophizing-scale
#16
David D Pothier, Parita Shah, Lena Quilty, Miracle Ozzoude, Wanda A Dillon, John A Rutka, Philip Gerretsen
Importance: Catastrophizing is a maladaptive thought process that involves irrational fear and worry about anticipated or actual symptoms. Although clinically relevant, the role of catastrophizing in patients with chronic dizziness or imbalance has not yet been explored to our knowledge. Objectives: To validate a measure of dizziness catastrophizing and to assess its association with dizziness-related disability compared with other negative affect constructs (eg, anxiety and depression)...
August 16, 2018: JAMA Otolaryngology—Head & Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30128498/factors-associated-with-phantom-odor-perception-among-us-adults-findings-from-the-national-health-and-nutrition-examination-survey
#17
Kathleen E Bainbridge, Danita Byrd-Clark, Donald Leopold
Importance: Phantom odor perception can be a debilitating condition. Factors associated with phantom odor perception have not been reported using population-based epidemiologic data. Objective: To estimate the prevalence of phantom odor perception among US adults 40 years and older and identify factors associated with this condition. Design, Setting, and Participants: In this cross-sectional study with complex sampling design, 7417 adults 40 years and older made up a nationally representative sample from data collected in 2011 through 2014 as part of the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey...
August 16, 2018: JAMA Otolaryngology—Head & Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30128479/prevalence-and-risk-factors-for-olfactory-hallucinations-the-phantom-menace
#18
David W Hsu, Jeffrey D Suh
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 16, 2018: JAMA Otolaryngology—Head & Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30128474/assessment-of-physician-adherence-to-guidelines-for-the-diagnosis-and-treatment-of-benign-paroxysmal-positional-vertigo-in-ambulatory-care-settings
#19
Pamela M Dunlap, Samanaaz S Khoja, Susan L Whitney, Janet K Freburger
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 16, 2018: JAMA Otolaryngology—Head & Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30098161/preoperative-tranexamic-acid-for-treatment-of-bleeding-edema-and-ecchymosis-in-patients-undergoing-rhinoplasty-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#20
Sara Juliana de A de Vasconcellos, Edmundo M do Nascimento-Júnior, Marcel Vinícius de Aguiar Menezes, Mário Luis Tavares Mendes, Rafael de Souza Dantas, Paulo Ricardo Saquete Martins-Filho
Importance: Evidence has emerged on the efficacy of tranexamic acid to control blood loss and postoperative complications after rhinoplasty. Objective: To investigate the results of tranexamic acid use to reduce intraoperative bleeding, postoperative eyelid edema, and periorbital ecchymosis in rhinoplasty. Data Sources and Study Selection: For this systematic review of randomized clinical trials, searches were performed in PubMed, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, Web of Science, SCOPUS, Science Direct, Google Scholar, OpenThesis, and ClinicalTrials...
August 9, 2018: JAMA Otolaryngology—Head & Neck Surgery
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