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JAMA Internal Medicine

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28525923/a-national-implementation-project-to-prevent-catheter-associated-urinary-tract-infection-in-nursing-home-residents
#1
Lona Mody, M Todd Greene, Jennifer Meddings, Sarah L Krein, Sara E McNamara, Barbara W Trautner, David Ratz, Nimalie D Stone, Lillian Min, Steven J Schweon, Andrew J Rolle, Russell N Olmsted, Dale R Burwen, James Battles, Barbara Edson, Sanjay Saint
Importance: Catheter-associated urinary tract infection (UTI) in nursing home residents is a common cause of sepsis, hospital admission, and antimicrobial use leading to colonization with multidrug-resistant organisms. Objective: To develop, implement, and evaluate an intervention to reduce catheter-associated UTI. Design, Setting, and Participants: A large-scale prospective implementation project was conducted in community-based nursing homes participating in the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality Safety Program for Long-Term Care...
May 19, 2017: JAMA Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28525915/a-triumph-for-the-agency-for-healthcare-research-and-quality-safety-program-for-long-term-care-moving-beyond-round-up-the-usual-suspects
#2
Elizabeth G Turnipseed, C Seth Landefeld
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 19, 2017: JAMA Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28520863/persistent-gaps-in-use-of-advance-directives-among-nursing-home-residents-receiving-maintenance-dialysis
#3
Manjula Kurella Tamura, Sai Liu, Maria E Montez-Rath, Ann M O'Hare, Yoshio N Hall, Karl A Lorenz
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 18, 2017: JAMA Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28520838/effect-of-the-prepare-website-vs-an-easy-to-read-advance-directive-on-advance-care-planning-documentation-and-engagement-among-veterans-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#4
Rebecca L Sudore, John Boscardin, Mariko A Feuz, Ryan D McMahan, Mary T Katen, Deborah E Barnes
Importance: Documentation rates of patients' medical wishes are often low. It is unknown whether easy-to-use, patient-facing advance care planning (ACP) interventions can overcome barriers to planning in busy primary care settings. Objective: To compare the efficacy of an interactive, patient-centered ACP website (PREPARE) with an easy-to-read advance directive (AD) to increase planning documentation. Design, Setting, and Participants: This was a comparative effectiveness randomized clinical trial from April 2013 to July 2016 conducted at multiple primary care clinics at the San Francisco VA Medical Center...
May 18, 2017: JAMA Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28505341/association-of-changes-in-neighborhood-level-racial-residential-segregation-with-changes-in-blood-pressure-among-black-adults-the-cardia-study
#5
Kiarri N Kershaw, Whitney R Robinson, Penny Gordon-Larsen, Margaret T Hicken, David C Goff, Mercedes R Carnethon, Catarina I Kiefe, Stephen Sidney, Ana V Diez Roux
Importance: Despite cross-sectional evidence linking racial residential segregation to hypertension prevalence among non-Hispanic blacks, it remains unclear how changes in exposure to neighborhood segregation may be associated with changes in blood pressure. Objective: To examine the association of changes in neighborhood-level racial residential segregation with changes in systolic and diastolic blood pressure over a 25-year period. Design, Setting, and Participants: This observational study examined longitudinal data of 2280 black participants of the Coronary Artery Risk Development in Young Adults (CARDIA) study, a prospective investigation of adults aged 18 to 30 years who underwent baseline examinations in field centers in 4 US locations from March 25, 1985, to June 7, 1986, and then were re-examined for the next 25 years...
May 15, 2017: JAMA Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28505266/guidance-for-modifying-the-definition-of-diseases-a-checklist
#6
Jenny Doust, Per O Vandvik, Amir Qaseem, Reem A Mustafa, Andrea R Horvath, Allen Frances, Lubna Al-Ansary, Patrick Bossuyt, Robyn L Ward, Ina Kopp, Laragh Gollogly, Holger Schunemann, Paul Glasziou
Importance: No guidelines exist currently for guideline panels and others considering changes to disease definitions. Panels frequently widen disease definitions, increasing the proportion of the population labeled as unwell and potentially causing harm to patients. We set out to develop a checklist of issues, with guidance, for panels to consider prior to modifying a disease definition. Observations: We assembled a multidisciplinary, multicontinent working group of 13 members, including members from the Guidelines International Network, Grading of Recommendations Assessment, Development and Evaluation working group, and the World Health Organisation...
May 15, 2017: JAMA Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28505250/treating-the-symptom-but-not-the-underlying-disease-in-infective-endocarditis-a-teachable-moment
#7
David P Serota, Colleen S Kraft, Melissa B Weimer
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 15, 2017: JAMA Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28505217/effect-of-combined-patient-decision-aid-and-patient-navigation-vs-usual-care-for-colorectal-cancer-screening-in-a-vulnerable-patient-population-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#8
Daniel S Reuland, Alison T Brenner, Richard Hoffman, Andrew McWilliams, Robert L Rhyne, Christina Getrich, Hazel Tapp, Mark A Weaver, Danelle Callan, Laura Cubillos, Brisa Urquieta de Hernandez, Michael P Pignone
Importance: Colorectal cancer (CRC) screening is underused, especially among vulnerable populations. Decision aids and patient navigation are potentially complementary interventions for improving CRC screening rates, but their combined effect on screening completion is unknown. Objective: To determine the combined effect of a CRC screening decision aid and patient navigation compared with usual care on CRC screening completion. Design, Setting, and Participants: In this randomized clinical trial, data were collected from January 2014 to March 2016 at 2 community health center practices, 1 in North Carolina and 1 in New Mexico, serving vulnerable populations...
May 15, 2017: JAMA Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28505215/patient-dismissal-by-primary-care-practices
#9
Ann S O'Malley, Kaylyn Swankoski, Deborah Peikes, Jesse Crosson, Nancy Duda, Timothy Day, Shannon Heitkamp
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 15, 2017: JAMA Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28505214/publication-and-reporting-of-the-results-of-postmarket-studies-for-drugs-required-by-the-us-food-and-drug-administration-2009-to-2013
#10
Marisa L Cruz, Jing Xu, Mwango Kashoki, Peter Lurie
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 15, 2017: JAMA Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28492850/cancer-screening-overdiagnosis-and-regulatory-capture
#11
H Gilbert Welch
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 9, 2017: JAMA Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28492876/pulmonary-embolism-and-deep-venous-thrombosis-in-patients-hospitalized-with-syncope-a-multicenter-cross-sectional-study-in-toronto-ontario-canada
#12
Amol A Verma, Hassan Masoom, Shail Rawal, Yishan Guo, Fahad Razak
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 8, 2017: JAMA Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28492847/workplace-factors-associated-with-burnout-of-family-physicians
#13
Monee Rassolian, Lars E Peterson, Bo Fang, H Clifton Knight, Michael R Peabody, Elizabeth G Baxley, Arch G Mainous
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 8, 2017: JAMA Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28492829/inequalities-in-life-expectancy-among-us-counties-1980-to-2014-temporal-trends-and-key-drivers
#14
Laura Dwyer-Lindgren, Amelia Bertozzi-Villa, Rebecca W Stubbs, Chloe Morozoff, Johan P Mackenbach, Frank J van Lenthe, Ali H Mokdad, Christopher J L Murray
Importance: Examining life expectancy by county allows for tracking geographic disparities over time and assessing factors related to these disparities. This information is potentially useful for policy makers, clinicians, and researchers seeking to reduce disparities and increase longevity. Objective: To estimate annual life tables by county from 1980 to 2014; describe trends in geographic inequalities in life expectancy and age-specific risk of death; and assess the proportion of variation in life expectancy explained by variation in socioeconomic and race/ethnicity factors, behavioral and metabolic risk factors, and health care factors...
May 8, 2017: JAMA Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28492828/cost-sharing-and-home-health-care
#15
David C Grabowski
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 8, 2017: JAMA Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28492827/mother-s-day-for-women-in-medicine-better-than-roses
#16
Marcia Angell, Lara Goitein
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 8, 2017: JAMA Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28492826/association-of-cost-sharing-with-use-of-home-health-services-among-medicare-advantage-enrollees
#17
Qijuan Li, Laura M Keohane, Kali Thomas, Yoojin Lee, Amal N Trivedi
Importance: Several policy proposals advocate introducing copayments for home health care in the Medicare program. To our knowledge, no prior studies have assessed this cost-containment strategy. Objective: To determine the association of home health copayments with use of home health services. Design, Setting, and Participants: A difference-in-differences case-control study of 18 Medicare Advantage (MA) plans that introduced copayments for home health care between 2007 and 2011 and 18 concurrent control MA plans...
May 8, 2017: JAMA Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28492824/perceived-discrimination-experienced-by-physician-mothers-and-desired-workplace-changes-a-cross-sectional-survey
#18
Taiwo Adesoye, Christina Mangurian, Esther K Choo, Christina Girgis, Hala Sabry-Elnaggar, Eleni Linos
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 8, 2017: JAMA Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28475657/missed-opportunities-for-deprescription-a-teachable-moment
#19
Ismail A Raslan, Emily G McDonald, Todd C Lee
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 5, 2017: JAMA Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28464118/association-of-appearance-of-conflicts-of-interest-with-voting-behavior-at-fda-advisory-committee-meetings-a-cross-sectional-study
#20
Jing Xu, Olubunmi Emenanjo, Michael Ortwerth, Peter Lurie
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2, 2017: JAMA Internal Medicine
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