journal
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Current Nutrition Reports

journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30187293/sleep-diet-and-cardiometabolic-health-investigations-a-systematic-review-of-analytic-strategies
#1
REVIEW
Erica C Jansen, Galit Levi Dunietz, Maria-Efstratia Tsimpanouli, Heidi M Guyer, Carol Shannon, Shelley D Hershner, Louise M O'Brien, Ana Baylin
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Poor sleep is a risk factor for cardiometabolic morbidity. The relationship of sleep and cardiometabolic health could be confounded, mediated, or modified by diet, yet the incorporation of diet in sleep-cardiometabolic health studies is inconsistent. This rapid systematic literature review evaluates the conceptualization of diet as a confounder, mediator, or effect modifier within sleep-cardiometabolic health investigations, and the statistical approaches utilized. RECENT FINDINGS: Of 4692 studies identified, 60 were retained (28 adult, 32 pediatric)...
September 6, 2018: Current Nutrition Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30178309/knowledge-attitudes-and-behaviours-related-to-dietary-salt-intake-in-high-income-countries-a-systematic-review
#2
REVIEW
Neela Bhana, Jennifer Utter, Helen Eyles
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The purpose of this review was to examine the knowledge, attitudes and behaviours (KAB) related to dietary salt intake among adults in high-income countries. RECENT FINDINGS: Overall (n = 24 studies across 12 countries), KAB related to dietary salt intake are low. While consumers are aware of the health implications of a high salt intake, fundamental knowledge regarding recommended dietary intake, primary food sources, and the relationship between salt and sodium is lacking...
September 3, 2018: Current Nutrition Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30168044/fad-diets-hype-or-hope
#3
REVIEW
Aravind R Kuchkuntla, Berkeley Limketkai, Sanjeev Nanda, Ryan T Hurt, Manpreet S Mundi
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Obesity continues to be a growing concern globally due to association with a number of comorbidities and contributing significantly to increase in health care expenditures. Despite availability of a number of treatment modalities, lifestyle modification with dietary modification and exercise continues to be the foundation. However, the standard model of lifestyle modification is not efficacious or sustainable for many patients leading them to seek alternative approaches...
August 30, 2018: Current Nutrition Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30168043/weight-regain-after-bariatric-surgery-prevalence-etiology-and-treatment
#4
REVIEW
Saketh R Velapati, Meera Shah, Aravind R Kuchkuntla, Barham Abu-Dayyeh, Karen Grothe, Ryan T Hurt, Manpreet S Mundi
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Obesity is a life-limiting disease that is associated with a number of co-morbidities. Bariatric surgery remains the most efficacious and durable weight loss method available to patients. However, a significant percentage of patients can regain weight resulting in frustration, depression, and return of obesity-related co-morbidities. The present review provides an overview of the most common therapeutic modalities available to combat weigh regain after weight loss surgery...
August 30, 2018: Current Nutrition Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30155750/dietary-interventions-and-type-2-diabetes-in-youth-a-fresh-look-at-the-evidence
#5
REVIEW
William B Perkison, Joel A Adekanye, Marcia C de Oliveira Otto
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The incidence of type 2 diabetes among children and adolescents has sharply increased, highly influenced by prevalence of obesity in youth. Here, we provide an overview of the pathogenesis of diabetes, and summarize recent dietary interventions investigating effects of diet on metabolic risk factors in overweight and obese youth. RECENT FINDINGS: Seven dietary interventions were identified randomly assigning participants to weekly or bi-weekly dietary counseling sessions over 12-24-week period, with mixed results...
August 28, 2018: Current Nutrition Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29995279/stevia-rebaudiana-bertoni-and-its-effects-in-human-disease-emphasizing-its-role-in-inflammation-atherosclerosis-and-metabolic-syndrome
#6
REVIEW
Edward Rojas, Valmore Bermúdez, Yasaman Motlaghzadeh, Justin Mathew, Enzamaria Fidilio, Judith Faria, Joselyn Rojas, Mayela Cabrera de Bravo, Julio Contreras, Linda Pamela Mantilla, Lissé Angarita, Paola Amar Sepúlveda, Isaac Kuzmar
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Stevia rebaudiana Bertoni is a perennial shrub with zero calorie content that has been increasing in popularity for its potential use as an adjuvant in the treatment of obesity. The level of evidence supporting general benefits to human health is insufficient. We conducted a review of the literature summarizing the current knowledge and role in human disease. RECENT FINDINGS: Despite stevia's minimal systemic absorption, studies have been promising regarding its potential benefits against inflammation, carcinogenesis, atherosclerosis glucose control, and hypertension...
July 11, 2018: Current Nutrition Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29987704/from-religion-to-secularism-the-benefits-of-fasting
#7
REVIEW
Carla Venegas-Borsellino, Sonikpreet, Robert G Martindale
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Since the early development of human societies, religious beliefs, and practices has been integral to their identity, culture, and social structure, traditions are influenced by the area, era, and culture wherein they developed. Some religions offer advice on behavioral and diet modifications as strategies to fortify the body, purify the spirit, and elevate consciousness. This review is an attempt to compare different practices, describe the health benefits and risks of fasting, and reconcile these age-old recommendations with practical modern life...
July 9, 2018: Current Nutrition Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30128963/nutritional-ketosis-for-weight-management-and-reversal-of-metabolic-syndrome
#8
REVIEW
Victoria M Gershuni, Stephanie L Yan, Valentina Medici
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The goal of this paper is to review current literature on nutritional ketosis within the context of weight management and metabolic syndrome, namely, insulin resistance, lipid profile, cardiovascular disease risk, and development of non-alcoholic fatty liver disease. We provide background on the mechanism of ketogenesis and describe nutritional ketosis. RECENT FINDINGS: Nutritional ketosis has been found to improve metabolic and inflammatory markers, including lipids, HbA1c, high-sensitivity CRP, fasting insulin and glucose levels, and aid in weight management...
September 2018: Current Nutrition Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30117071/the-role-of-diet-in-multiple-sclerosis-mechanistic-connections-and-current-evidence
#9
REVIEW
Ilana Katz Sand
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: This review seeks to examine current research related to the role of diet in multiple sclerosis (MS). RECENT FINDINGS: Recent research in preclinical models, epidemiologic studies, and limited prospectively followed cohorts provide preliminary evidence that dietary factors influence MS incidence, disease course, and symptomatology. Current evidence for the effects of fatty acids, fruits and vegetables, whole grains, dairy, and salt are reviewed...
September 2018: Current Nutrition Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30099693/folate-and-its-impact-on-cancer-risk
#10
REVIEW
Renee Pieroth, Stephanie Paver, Sharon Day, Carolyn Lammersfeld
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Research has evaluated the potential impact of folate on cancer risk with conflicting findings. Studies have demonstrated increased risk, no effect, and decreased risk. This review summarizes findings of mixed results between folate intake, serum levels, gene polymorphisms, and cancer risk based on meta-analyses from the past five years. RECENT FINDING: Low or deficient folate status is associated with increased risk of many cancers. Folic acid supplementation and higher serum levels are associated with increased risk of prostate cancer...
September 2018: Current Nutrition Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30094747/the-role-of-physical-activity-in-managing-fatigue-in-cancer-survivors
#11
Bernat-Carles Serdà I Ferrer, Eline van Roekel, Brigid M Lynch
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: This review provides an up-to-date overview of the evidence relating to how physical inactivity ameliorates cancer-related fatigue. A summary of the postulated biological mechanisms underpinning the relationship is presented. RECENT FINDINGS: Systematic reviews and meta-analyses synthesising the results of randomised controlled trials of physical activity interventions to reduce fatigue broadly conclude that aerobic and combination exercise may be the most helpful, while resistance training alone is less efficacious...
September 2018: Current Nutrition Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30084105/saturated-fat-part-of-a-healthy-diet
#12
REVIEW
Victoria M Gershuni
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Despite the American public following recommendations to decrease absolute dietary fat intake and specifically decrease saturated fat intake, we have seen a dramatic rise over the past 40 years in the rates of non-communicable diseases associated with obesity and overweight, namely cardiovascular disease. The development of the diet-heart hypothesis in the mid twentieth century led to faulty but long-held beliefs that dietary intake of saturated fat led to heart disease...
September 2018: Current Nutrition Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29982915/impact-of-energy-drinks-on-health-and-well-being
#13
REVIEW
Senthilkumar Sankararaman, Wahid Syed, Valentina Medici, Thomas J Sferra
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Energy drinks and energy shots are functional supplements with higher caffeine content marketed toward adolescents and young adults with the intention of boosting energy. Parallel to its rising popularity, there are safety concerns with the consumption of these beverages. Herein, we reviewed the impact these supplements produce on health and well-being. RECENT FINDINGS: Most of the promoted benefits of the beverages can be attributed to caffeine...
September 2018: Current Nutrition Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29974400/are-we-going-nuts-on-coconut-oil
#14
REVIEW
Senthilkumar Sankararaman, Thomas J Sferra
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Sales and consumption of coconut oil have been on the raise due to effective marketing strategies. Coconut oil is stated to offer various benefits including weight loss, improvement in immunity, heart health support, and memory enhancement. Also, it is often portrayed as an excellent source of medium chain triglycerides (MCTs). Here, we review the evidence behind the clinical utility of coconut oil consumption. RECENT FINDINGS: Several studies consistently showed consumption of coconut oil increases low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) and thereby could increase adverse cardiovascular health...
September 2018: Current Nutrition Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29974344/the-role-of-nutrition-in-cognitive-function-and-brain-ageing-in-the-elderly
#15
REVIEW
Samantha L Gardener, Stephanie R Rainey-Smith
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The purposes of this review were to examine literature published over the last 5 years and to evaluate the role of nutrition in cognitive function and brain ageing, focussing on the Mediterranean diet (MeDi), Dietary Approaches to Stop Hypertension (DASH), and Mediterranean-DASH Intervention for Neurodegenerative Delay (MIND) diets. RECENT FINDINGS: Results suggest that higher adherence to a healthy dietary pattern is associated with preservation of brain structure and function as well as slower cognitive decline, with the MIND diet substantially slowing cognitive decline, over and above the MeDi and DASH diets...
September 2018: Current Nutrition Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29974343/use-of-enteral-nutrition-for-gastrointestinal-bleeding-prophylaxis-in-the-critically-ill-review-of-current-literature
#16
REVIEW
Carolyn Newberry, Jessica Schucht
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: This review provides a comprehensive overview of the etiology of stress-related mucosal disease, current acid suppression therapy recommendations, and the role enteral nutrition may play in disease prevention. RECENT FINDINGS: Recent literature indicates enteral nutrition may prevent complications of stress-related mucosal disease by increasing splanchnic blood flow, enhancing gastrointestinal motility, and promoting cellular immunity and integrity through local nutrient delivery...
September 2018: Current Nutrition Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29892790/engaging-latino-fathers-in-children-s-eating-and-other-obesity-related-behaviors-a-review
#17
REVIEW
Teresia O'Connor, Oriana Perez, Isabel Colón Garcia, Martina Gallagher
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: There is a growing evidence of the important role that fathers play in influencing their children's eating and other weight-related behaviors. Latino children are at high risk for obesity and associated medical conditions. Engaging Latino fathers is a potentially important and unique way to help promote healthy lifestyles for Latino children, but doing so requires a culturally sensitive understanding both of fathers' current role and the family perceptions of this role...
June 2018: Current Nutrition Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29892789/protective-effects-of-foods-containing-flavonoids-on-age-related-cognitive-decline
#18
REVIEW
Kelsea R Gildawie, Rachel L Galli, Barbara Shukitt-Hale, Amanda N Carey
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Evidence suggests that flavonoids, polyphenolic compounds found in many plant-derived foods, such as berries, may allay cognitive impairment. We review recent research exploring the protective effects of flavonoids on age-related cognitive decline and neurodegenerative disorders in humans and animals. We also address the mechanisms by which flavonoids may exert their effects and promising avenues of future research. RECENT FINDINGS: Flavonoids have been found to decrease neuroinflammation, reduce oxidative stress, and mediate neuroplasticity in animal models of neurodegeneration and aging...
June 2018: Current Nutrition Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29892788/impact-of-flavonoids-on-cellular-and-molecular-mechanisms-underlying-age-related-cognitive-decline-and-neurodegeneration
#19
REVIEW
Emma Flanagan, Michael Müller, Michael Hornberger, David Vauzour
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: This review summarises the most recent evidence regarding the effects of dietary flavonoids on age-related cognitive decline and neurodegenerative diseases. RECENT FINDINGS: Recent evidence indicates that plant-derived flavonoids may exert powerful actions on mammalian cognition and protect against the development of age-related cognitive decline and pathological neurodegeneration. The neuroprotective effects of flavonoids have been suggested to be due to interactions with the cellular and molecular architecture of brain regions responsible for memory...
June 2018: Current Nutrition Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29892787/associations-between-cool-and-hot-executive-functions-and-children-s-eating-behavior
#20
REVIEW
Cin Cin Tan, Julie C Lumeng
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Studies on obesogenic eating behaviors in young children have mainly focused on the roles of family environment and parental behaviors. However, intrapersonal characteristics, particularly executive functions, have recently gained more attention in the literature. Therefore, herein we review work on children's executive functions (EFs), particularly the roles of cold and hot executive functions on children's obesogenic eating behaviors. RECENT FINDINGS: Most work examining the associations between EF and obesogenic eating among children has focused on the cool EF, particularly inhibitory control/impulsivity...
June 2018: Current Nutrition Reports
journal
journal
44107
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"