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Scandinavian Journal of Urology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29676191/treatment-according-to-guidelines-may-bridge-the-gender-gap-in-outcome-for-patients-with-stage-t1-urinary-bladder-cancer
#1
Carin Sjöström, Andreas Thorstenson, Viveka Ströck, Abolfazl Hosseini-Aliabad, Firas Aljabery, Fredrik Liedberg, Amir Sherif, Per-Uno Malmström, Johan Rosell, Truls Gårdmark, Staffan Jahnson
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this investigation was to study differences between male and female patients with stage T1 urinary bladder cancer (UBC) regarding intravesical instillation therapy, second resection and survival. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This study included all patients with non-metastatic primary T1 UBC reported to the Swedish National Register of Urinary Bladder Cancer (SNRUBC) from 1997 to 2014, excluding those treated with primary cystectomy. Differences between groups were evaluated using chi-squared tests and logistic regression, and survival was investigated using Kaplan-Meier and log-rank tests and Cox proportional hazards analysis...
April 20, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29607745/outpatient-diode-laser-treatment-of-intermediate-risk-non-invasive-bladder-tumors-without-sedation-efficacy-safety-and-economic-analysis
#2
Gregers Gautier Hermann, Karin Mogensen, Susanne Rosthøj
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to validate a new method for outpatient diode laser ablation of bladder tumors without sedation or pain control. METHODS: Twenty-one patients with stage Ta low-grade intermediate-risk bladder tumors underwent photodynamic-guided laser ablation of their bladder tumors and 1 month later follow-up cystoscopy with photodynamic and IMAGE1 S™-guided biopsies. Pain was measured using a visual analog scale (range 0-10). Symptoms and worries about the future disease course were calculated using the Quality of Life Questionnaire for Non-Muscle-Invasive Bladder Cancer (range 0-100, high scores indicating worse symptoms or worry)...
April 1, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29607709/impact-of-food-quantity-and-quality-on-the-biochemical-risk-of-renal-stone-formation
#3
Francesco Esperto, Roberto Miano, Martino Marangella, Alberto Trinchieri
OBJECTIVE: This study evaluated the role of body mass index (BMI) and dietary potential renal acid load (PRAL) with urinary saturation for calcium oxalate (US-CaOx), calcium phosphate (US-CaP) and uric acid (US-UA) in renal stone formers. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A retrospective analysis was conducted of laboratory data collected on 442 renal stone-forming patients. Demographic information, BMI and 24 h urinary samples were collected from patients on their regular diets...
April 1, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29529952/surgically-induced-weight-loss-results-in-a-rapid-and-consistent-improvement-of-female-pelvic-floor-symptoms
#4
Avner Leshem, Asnat Groutz, Hadar Amir, David Gordon, Mordechai Shimonov
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect over time of bariatric surgery on female pelvic floor symptoms. METHODS: In total, 160 consecutive adult women were requested to complete four anonymous questionnaires [International Consultation on Incontinence Questionnaire (ICIQ), Bristol Female Lower Urinary Tract Symptoms (BFLUTS), Pelvic Floor Distress Inventory (PFDI-20) and Pelvic Organ Prolapse/Urinary Incontinence Sexual Questionnaire (PISQ-12)] before bariatric surgery and at 3-6 months and 12-24 months postoperatively...
March 13, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29514539/the-use-of-transrectal-ultrasound-guided-biopsy-following-the-introduction-of-prostate-specific-antigen-testing-in-denmark-a-population-based-analysis
#5
Nina Klemann, Martin Andreas Røder, John Thomas Helgstrand, Klaus Brasso, Birgitte G Toft, Ben Vainer, Peter Iversen
OBJECTIVE: Incidence rates of prostate cancer in Denmark resemble those of countries that endorse prostate-specific antigen (PSA) screening. So far, no studies have described the consequences of PSA testing on diagnostic activity on a population level. The aim of this study was to describe the frequency of systematic transrectal ultrasound-guided biopsy (TRUS-gb) activity, including rebiopsy rates, in Denmark between 1995 and 2011. MATERIALS AND METHODS: All men who underwent TRUS-gb during the period were identified in the Danish Prostate Cancer Registry...
March 8, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29514535/isolated-vasculitis-of-the-urinary-bladder-a-note-on-diagnosis-and-prognosis
#6
Magnus Fall, Linnea Höper, Christina Kåbjörn-Gustafsson, Estelle Trysberg
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 8, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29485304/comments-to-the-editor
#7
Ralph Peeker
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 27, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29475387/choline-phosphate-cytidylyltransferase-%C3%AE-as-a-possible-predictor-of-survival-and-response-to-cisplatin-neoadjuvant-chemotherapy-in-urothelial-cancer-of-the-bladder
#8
Tammer Hemdan, Polat Turker, Per-Uno Malmström, Ulrika Segersten
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to test choline-phosphate cytidylyltransferase-α (CCT-α) protein as a biomarker for neoadjuvant cisplatin chemotherapy response in a bladder tumor setting. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 238 patients with T2-T4 bladder cancer enrolled into two prior randomized trials comparing neoadjuvant cisplatin-based chemotherapy (NAC) plus cystectomy with cystectomy only (no-NAC) were used as discovery and validation cohorts. Protein expression was determined with immunohistochemistry and assessed with Histo (H)-scoring...
February 23, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29463207/effects-of-flexible-ureteroscopy-on-renal-blood-flow-a-prospective-evaluation
#9
Tarik Emre Sener, Yiloren Tanidir, Saeed Bin Hamri, Ibrahim Halil Sever, Burcu Ozdemir, Abdulla Al-Humam, Olivier Traxer
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to investigate the effects of flexible ureteroscopy (F-URS) on renal blood flow using renal Doppler ultrasound (US). MATERIALS AND METHOD: Patients undergoing F-URS were scheduled for Doppler US preoperatively and postoperatively. Peak systolic velocity (PSV), end-diastolic velocity (EDV), resistive index (RI) and pulsatility index (PI) were reported. Technical details, operation time, stone characteristics and complications were recorded...
February 20, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29463177/the-combination-of-targeted-and-systematic-prostate-biopsies-is-the-best-protocol-for-the-detection-of-clinically-significant-prostate-cancer
#10
Alexandre Fourcade, Charlotte Payrard, Valentin Tissot, Marie-Aimée Perrouin-Verbe, Nicolas Demany, Sophie Serey-Effeil, Pierre Callerot, Jean-Baptiste Coquet, Laurent Doucet, Charles Deruelle, Vincent Joulin, Michel Nonent, Georges Fournier, Antoine Valeri
OBJECTIVE: Compared with standard systematic transrectal ultrasound (TRUS)-guided biopsies (SBx), targeted biopsies (TBx) using magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)/TRUS fusion could increase the detection of clinically significant prostate cancer (PCa-s) and reduce non-significant PCa (PCa-ns). This study aimed to compare the performance of the two approaches. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A prospective, single-center study was conducted on all consecutive patients with PCa suspicion who underwent prebiopsy multiparametric MRI (mpMRI) using the Prostate Imaging Reporting and Data System (PI-RADS)...
February 20, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29463171/malignant-hydrocele-a-rare-manifestation-of-peritoneal-carcinomatosis-of-colorectal-origin-as-a-transcoelomic-spread-into-the-scrotum-case-report-and-literature-overview
#11
Janusz Frey, Luiza Dorofte, Pernilla Sundqvist
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 20, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29463165/results-of-14-years-of-brachytherapy-for-localized-prostate-cancer-in-denmark-the-herlev-cohort
#12
Mikael G Jacobsen, Frederik B Thomsen, Mikkel Fode, Rasmus Bisbjerg, Peter B Østergren
OBJECTIVE: Brachytherapy is one of several curative treatments for localized prostate cancer (PCa). The objective of this study was to report biochemical recurrence-free survival (BRFS), metastatic-free survival (MFS) and PCa-specific mortality after low-dose brachytherapy, stratified according to the D'Amico risk classification in a large Danish cohort. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study population comprised 502 men treated with brachytherapy in 1998-2012. BRFS was defined by the Phoenix criteria...
February 20, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29385948/the-narrow-vesicourethral-angle-measured-on-postoperative-cystography-can-predict-urinary-incontinence-after-robot-assisted-laparoscopic-radical-prostatectomy
#13
Motohiko Sugi, Hidefumi Kinoshita, Takashi Yoshida, Hisanori Taniguchi, Takao Mishima, Kenji Yoshida, Masaaki Yanishi, Yoshihiro Komai, Masato Watanabe, Tadashi Matsuda
OBJECTIVE: Radical prostatectomy is associated with complications including urinary incontinence. A significant association between specific features of the vesicourethral anastomosis and urinary incontinence after radical prostatectomy has been demonstrated. The aim of this study was to identify the most useful predictor of postoperative urinary incontinence after robot-assisted laparoscopic radical prostatectomy (RALP) according to the features of the vesicourethral anastomosis as determined by postoperative cystography...
February 1, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29385947/on-medical-treatment-for-ureteral-stone-expulsion
#14
Dan Holmlund
There is evidence that α-adrenoceptor (α-AR) antagonists facilitate the passage of ureteric stones, but the mechanism behind this effect has not been established. If one accepts that it is the friction between a ureteral stone and the mucosa that hampers the passage of the stone, and that the passage traumatizes the mucosa, the aim of treatment must be to reduce this friction. Elevated pressure above an obstructing stone results in an increase in tension in the wall of the upper urinary tract, including the tension at stone level, which causes an increase in friction and ureteric colic...
February 1, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29385898/evaluation-of-ureteral-lesions-in-ureterorenoscopy-impact-of-access-sheath-use
#15
Søren Kissow Lildal, Kim Hovgaard Andreassen, Helene Jung, Malene Roland Pedersen, Palle Jörn Sloth Osther
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the incidence of ureteral lesions in retrograde intrarenal surgery (RIRS) with and without the use of a 10/12 Fr ureteral access sheath (UAS). A further objective was to search for preoperative factors that could influence the risk of ureteral damage. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Data were collected from a clinical database on 180 consecutive adult patients undergoing RIRS for kidney stones with or without a 10/12 Fr UAS...
February 1, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29385878/nationwide-population-based-study-on-the-use-of-novel-antiandrogens-in-men-with-prostate-cancer-in-sweden
#16
Ingela Franck Lissbrant, Eugenio Ventimiglia, David Robinson, Magnus Törnblom, Marie Hjälm-Eriksson, Mats Lambe, Yasin Folkvaljon, Pär Stattin
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to examine the use of abiraterone and enzalutamide, two oral novel antiandrogens (NOVAs), in men with prostate cancer (PCa) in Sweden. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This cross-sectional study investigated filled prescriptions for NOVAs recorded in the Swedish Prescribed Drug Register between July 2015 and April 2016. Associations between age, comorbidity, educational level, marital status and county of residence and filled prescriptions were analyzed in the National Prostate Cancer Register (NPCR) and other health population-based registers, using multivariable logistic regression...
February 1, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29254399/eighteen-year-follow-up-of-the-g%C3%A3-teborg-randomized-population-based-prostate-cancer-screening-trial-effect-of-sociodemographic-variables-on-participation-prostate-cancer-incidence-and-mortality
#17
Jonas Hugosson, Rebecka Arnsrud Godtman, Sigrid V Carlsson, Gunnar Aus, Anna Grenabo Bergdahl, Pär Lodding, Carl-Gustaf Pihl, Johan Stranne, Erik Holmberg, Hans Lilja
OBJECTIVE: This study examined whether previously reported results, indicating that prostate-specific antigen (PSA) screening can reduce prostate cancer (PC) mortality regardless of sociodemographic inequality, could be corroborated in an 18 year follow-up. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In 1994, 20,000 men aged 50-64 years were randomized from the Göteborg population register to PSA screening or control (1:1) (study ID: ISRCTN54449243). Men in the screening group (n = 9950) were invited for biennial PSA testing up to the median age of 69 years...
February 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29249179/real-life-use-of-diagnostic-biopsies-before-treatment-of-kidney-cancer-results-from-a-norwegian-population-based-study
#18
Christian Beisland, Tom B Johannesen, Lars Anders R Reisæter, Karin M Hjelle
OBJECTIVE: Interest in renal mass biopsies (RMBs) has increased in recent years. However, most publications are low-volume and/or single-center studies, so their generalizability is questionable. The aim of this study was to describe population-based, real-life use of diagnostic RMBs for localized and advanced kidney cancer (KC). MATERIALS AND METHODS: All KC patients diagnosed during 2008-2013 extracted from the database at the Cancer Registry of Norway were included...
February 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29212392/multi-parametric-magnetic-resonance-imaging-monitoring-patients-in-active-surveillance-for-prostate-cancer-a-prospective-cohort-study
#19
Maria Carlsen Elkjær, Morten Heebøll Andersen, Søren Høyer, Bodil Ginnerup Pedersen, Michael Borre
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the use of multi-parametric magnetic resonance imaging (mpMRI) and mpMRI guided biopsies (MRGB) for monitoring an active surveillance (AS) prostate cancer cohort. MATERIALS AND METHODS: One year after initial diagnostic TRUS guided biopsy (TRUS-bx), baseline mpMRI, and enrolment in an AS program patients underwent a one year follow-up comprising the usual TRUS-bx and an mpMRI. Prostate MRI lesions were scored on the five-point PIRADS scale version 2...
February 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29191079/comparison-of-semen-quality-between-university-based-and-private-assisted-reproductive-technology-laboratories
#20
Christian Fuglesang S Jensen, Omar Khan, Jens Sønksen, Mikkel Fode, James M Dupree, Tariq Shah, Dana A Ohl
OBJECTIVE: Obtaining a semen analysis (SA) is an essential step in evaluating infertile men. Despite using standardized procedures for analysis semen quality in the same individual often varies on repeated tests. The objective of this study was to investigate inter-laboratory variation in semen quality between private- and university-based assisted reproductive technology (ART) laboratories. MATERIALS AND METHODS: IRB approval was obtained to retrospectively evaluate men with a SA at both the private- and university-based ART laboratories...
February 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Urology
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