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Scandinavian Journal of Urology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29130789/the-evaluation-of-radiologic-methods-for-access-guidance-in-percutaneous-nephrolithotomy-a-systematic-review-of-the-literature
#1
Alberto Breda, Angelo Territo, Cesare Scoffone, Christian Seitz, Thomas Knoll, Thomas Herrmann, Mariannhe Brehmer, Palle J S Osther, Evangelos Liatsikos
INTRODUCTION: Percutaneous nephrolithotomy (PNL) is the treatment of choice for larger and complex renal calculi. First step in performing PNL is to obtain access to the renal cavity using either fluoroscopy or ultrasound (US) guidance or a combination of both. Which guiding method to choose is controversial? A systematic review of the literature was performed comparing image guidance modalities for obtaining access in PNL. Evidence acquisition and synthesis: A PubMed, Scopus and Cochrane search for peer-reviewed studies was performed using the keywords "ultrasound" AND "fluoroscopy" AND "Percutaneous nephrolithotomy"...
November 12, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29092653/prostate-cancer-incidence-mortality-and-survival-trends-in-estonia-1995-2014
#2
Kaire Innos, Aleksei Baburin, Andres Kotsar, Ivar-Endrik Eiche, Katrin Lang
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to analyze long-term trends in prostate cancer (PCa) incidence, mortality and survival in Estonia, with specific focus on age and stage. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Data on PCa incident cases and deaths in 1995-2014 were obtained from the Estonian Cancer Registry and the Causes of Death Registry, respectively. Joinpoint regression was used to estimate the annual percentage change for incidence and mortality trends. Relative survival ratios (RSRs) were calculated for four 5 year periods...
November 2, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29057723/treatment-effects-of-phosphodiesterase-5-inhibitors-may-improve-with-time-following-nerve-sparing-radical-prostatectomy
#3
Mikkel Fode, Peter Busch Østergren, Christian Fuglesang S Jensen, Henrik Jakobsen, Jens Sønksen
OBJECTIVE: Erectile dysfunction (ED) is common following radical prostatectomies, and phosphodiesterase type 5 inhibitors (PDE5 inhibitors) are generally considered the first choice of treatment. The purpose of this study was to analyze the long-term efficacy of PDE5 inhibitors in a group of men who did not achieve sufficient erectile function from the medication in the short term following surgery. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Prospectively collected data from patients with postprostatectomy ED, initial failure of PDE5-inhibitor treatment at 3 and/or 6 months and at least 12 months' follow-up were included...
October 23, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29037128/predictive-value-of-secondary-signs-of-obstruction-in-follow-up-computed-tomography-of-ureteral-stones-a-study-with-dynamic-computed-tomography
#4
Klara Sahlén, Pär Dahlman, Einar Brekkan, Maria Lönnemark, Göran Sahlén, Monica Segelsjö, Anders Magnusson
OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to determine the ratio of obstruction and predictive values of secondary signs in follow-up computed tomography (CT) of ureterolithiasis patients; to correlate stone characteristics with obstruction; to compare enhancement of obstructed and non-obstructed kidneys; and to compare radiation dose of the dynamic CT protocol to an excretory-phase protocol. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This retrospective study assessed 49 follow-up CT scans of patients with remaining ureterolithiasis after a renal colic episode...
October 16, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29035134/hand-assisted-laparoscopic-versus-laparoscopic-nephrectomy-as-outpatient-procedures-a-prospective-randomized-study
#5
Nessn H Azawi, Tom Christensen, Claus Dahl, Lars Lund
OBJECTIVES: The aims of this study were to discuss the hand-assisted laparoscopic nephrectomy (HALNo) outpatient procedure and compare it to the transperitoneal laparoscopic nephrectomy (LNo) outpatient procedure. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A prospective, randomized study of 30 patients with renal tumor who were recruited between November 2014 and February 2016 was performed. The primary endpoint of the study was length of hospital stay (LOS). RESULTS: Fifteen patients received HALNo and 15 received LNo, with a male to female ratio of 2:1...
October 16, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29020868/extended-pelvic-lymph-node-dissection-and-radiotherapy-with-curative-intent-in-high-risk-lymph-node-positive-prostate-cancer-a-possible-curative-strategy
#6
Bashar Al-Amiri, Fredrik Lundin, Mauritz Waldén
OBJECTIVE: This study evaluated the outcome with a treatment strategy for high-risk prostate cancer (PCa) using extended pelvic lymph-node dissection (eLND) followed by external beam radiation therapy (EBRT) in lymph-node-positive (LNpos) and lymph-node-negative (LNneg) cases compared with the strategy with limited pelvic lymph-node dissection (lLND) and only giving EBRT to LNneg cases. MATERIALS AND METHODS: From 2000 to 2006, 124 men with high-risk PCa underwent lLND and initiated androgen deprivation therapy (ADT) before planned EBRT...
October 12, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28958194/active-surveillance-for-localized-prostate-cancer-update-of-a-prospective-single-center-cohort
#7
Mathias Thostrup, Frederik B Thomsen, Peter Iversen, Klaus Brasso
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of active surveillance (AS) is to reduce overtreatment of men with localized prostate cancer (PCa) without compromising survival. The objective of this study was to update a large Scandinavian single-center AS cohort. Furthermore, the use of curative treatment and subsequent risk of biochemical recurrence were investigated and compared in men with very low-risk, low-risk and intermediate-risk PCa in the cohort. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In total, 451 men were followed on AS and monitored with prostate-specific antigen (PSA) tests, digital rectal examinations and rebiopsies...
September 28, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28934886/occurrence-of-abdominal-bulging-and-hernia-after-open-partial-nephrectomy-a-retrospective-cohort-study
#8
Aapo Inkiläinen, Johan Styrke, Börje Ljungberg, Karin Strigård
OBJECTIVE: Abdominal bulging and incisional hernia are known sequelae after open partial nephrectomy (OPN) via a flank incision. Precise rates are not known. The aims of this study were to determine the rates of bulging and hernia after OPN, and to examine potential risk factors. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A retrospective review was undertaken of 197 consecutive patients operated on with OPN via a flank incision between 2004 and 2014. After exclusion, 184 patients remained...
September 22, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28931344/a-randomized-controlled-trial-comparing-antimicrobial-silver-sulfadiazine-coated-ureteral-stents-with-non-coated-stents
#9
Ahmed R El-Nahas, Mohammed Lachine, Essam Elsawy, Ahmed Mosbah, Hamdy El-Kappany
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to compare the efficacy of antimicrobial [silver sulfadiazine (SSD)]-coated ureteral stents with non-coated stents in the prevention of stent-related bacteriuria. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A randomized controlled trial was conducted between September 2014 and September 2016 after approval from the local ethics committee. Inclusion criteria were adults who underwent unilateral double-J ureteral stent placement after ureteroscopic lithotripsy...
September 20, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28931342/correction-to-micha%C3%A5-et-al-overactive-bladder-treatment-the-application-of-methylene-blue-as-an-improvement-of-the-injection-technique-of-onabotuinum-toxin-a
#10
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 20, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28893132/prediction-of-infection-caused-by-extended-spectrum-beta-lactamase-producing-enterobacteriaceae-development-of-a-clinical-decision-making-nomogram
#11
Ana García-Tello, Helena Gimbernat, Cristina Redondo, Elisa Meilán, David M Arana, Juana Cacho, Juan F Dorado, Javier C Angulo
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to assess the population at risk of infection by extended-spectrum beta-lactamase (ESBL)-producing organisms, using clinical criteria. MATERIALS AND METHODS: All urine cultures positive for Enterobacteriaceae in a Spanish hospital department from January 2010 to 2014 were reviewed. All isolates with ESBL-positive strains were collected, and isolates received during the first week of each month with ESBL-negative strains from symptomatic patients hospitalized or admitted to the emergency room...
September 11, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28891357/cesarean-hysterectomy-for-abnormally-invasive-placenta-is-urologists-participation-in-the-surgery-always-necessary
#12
Shigeki Matsubara, Hironori Takahashi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 11, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28845712/correction-to-hammady-a-et%C3%A2-al-laparoscopic-repyeloplasty-after-failed-open-repair-of-ureteropelvic-junction-obstruction-a-case-matched-multi-institutional-study
#13
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 28, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28831860/associations-between-statin-use-and-progression-in-men-with-prostate-cancer-treated-with-primary-androgen-deprivation-therapy
#14
Marta Kramer Mikkelsen, Frederik Birkebæk Thomsen, Kasper Drimer Berg, Mary Jarden, Signe Benzon Larsen, Rikke Bølling Hansen, Klaus Brasso
INTRODUCTION: In several observational studies, statin use has been associated with reduced risk of progression and mortality in men with prostate cancer (PCa). The study aim was to investigate the association between statin use at time of PCa diagnosis and time to PCa progression in men with advanced or metastatic PCa receiving androgen deprivation therapy (ADT) as primary treatment. PATIENTS AND METHODS: The study population consisted of all men receiving ADT as primary therapy at two Danish Urological Departments in 2007-2013...
August 23, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28644736/asymptomatic-microscopic-hematuria-as-a-predictor-of-neoplasia-in-the-urinary-tract
#15
Maria Ordell Sundelin, Jørgen Bjerggaard Jensen
OBJECTIVE: The Danish hematuria guidelines were revised in January 2016. Before revision, it was recommended that asymptomatic microscopic hematuria in patients more than 40 years old should be routinely urologically investigated. In the revised guidelines, patients with asymptomatic microscopic hematuria are not recommended to be investigated, irrespective of age. The purpose of this study was to investigate whether asymptomatic microscopic hematuria was predictive of neoplasia of the urinary tract in a referred cohort of patients...
October 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28644702/high-ykl-40-is-associated-with-poor-survival-in-patients-with-renal-cell-carcinoma-a-novel-independent-prognostic-marker
#16
Tuija Väänänen, Jukka Kallio, Katriina Vuolteenaho, Alexandra Ojala, Tiina Luukkaala, Mari Hämäläinen, Teuvo Tammela, Pirkko-Liisa Kellokumpu-Lehtinen, Eeva Moilanen
OBJECTIVE: YKL-40 is an inflammation-associated glycoprotein supposed to have a role in cell survival and angiogenesis. Renal cell carcinoma (RCC) is characterized by varying prognosis and risk of relapse after a disease-free period of years. Prognostic markers are critically needed. This study investigated whether YKL-40 could be a useful biomarker in RCC patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Blood samples from 82 patients with RCC were collected at the time of diagnosis and 3, 5 and 9 months and 2 and 3 years after nephrectomy...
October 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28644701/comparison-between-briganti-partin-and-mskcc-tools-in-predicting-positive-lymph-nodes-in-prostate-cancer-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#17
Sebastiano Cimino, Giulio Reale, Tommaso Castelli, Vincenzo Favilla, Raimondo Giardina, Giorgio Ivan Russo, Salvatore Privitera, Giuseppe Morgia
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to analyze the discriminative capabilities of Briganti, Partin and Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center (MSKCC) nomograms in predicting lymph-node invasion (LNI) and to perform a meta-analysis to yield pooled area under the receiver operating characteristics curves (AUCs) for model comparison. MATERIALS AND METHODS: An electronic search of the MEDLINE and Embase databases up to October 2016 was undertaken. The AUC value, total number of patients and rate of LNI were extracted from the included references...
October 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28644697/contemporary-treatment-of-renal-tumors-a-questionnaire-survey-in-the-nordic-countries-the-norenca-i-study
#18
Harry Nisen, Petrus Järvinen, Magnus Fovaeus, Eirikur Guðmundsson, Bjarne Kromann-Andersen, Börje Ljungberg, Lars Lund, Frode Nilsen, Pernilla Sundqvist, Christian Beisland
OBJECTIVE: The five Nordic countries comprise 25 million people, and have similar treatment traditions and healthcare systems. To take advantage of these similarities, a collaborative group (Nordic Renal Cancer Group, NORENCA) was founded in 2015. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A questionnaire of 17 questions on renal tumor management and surgical education was designed and sent to 91 institutions performing renal tumor surgery in 2015. The response rate was 68% (62 hospitals), including 28 academic, 25 central and nine district hospitals...
October 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28644054/the-thermoexpandable-nitinol-stent-a-long-term-alternative-in-patients-without-nephropathy-or-malignancy
#19
Simone Bier, Bastian Amend, Elena Wagner, Steffen Rausch, Johannes Mischinger, Eva Neumann, Viktoria Stühler, Joerg Hennenlotter, Tilman Todenhoefer, Arnulf Stenzl, Jens Bedke, Stephan Kruck
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to investigate the long-term outcome of a thermoexpandable nickel-titanium nitinol ureteral stent (Memokath 051™) and to identify individual risk factors for failure. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This retrospective single-centre study included 125 patients who underwent implantation of the self-expandable Memokath 051 stent. Complications, indwelling time and reason for explantation were recorded. Analyses were stratified by gender, age, body mass index, American Society of Anesthesiologists score, estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR), side, localization and cause of the stricture...
October 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28621209/habits-and-self-assessed-quality-of-life-negative-intrusive-thoughts-and-depressed-mood-in-patients-with-prostate-cancer-a-longitudinal-study
#20
David Bock, Eva Angenete, Anders Bjartell, Stefan Carlsson, Gunnar Steineck, Johan Stranne, Thordis Thorsteinsdottir, Peter Wiklund, Eva Haglind
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the association of self-assessed preoperative physical activity, alcohol consumption and smoking with self-assessed quality of life, negative intrusive thoughts and depressed mood after radical prostatectomy. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The Laparoscopic Prostatectomy Robot Open (LAPPRO) trial was a prospective, controlled, non-randomized longitudinal trial of patients (n = 4003) undergoing radical prostatectomy at 14 centers in Sweden...
October 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Urology
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