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Scandinavian Journal of Urology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28084874/human-papillomavirus-types-44-52-66-and-67-detected-in-a-woman-with-squamous-cell-carcinoma-of-the-urinary-bladder
#1
Kit Riegels Jørgensen, Søren Høyer, Mette Møller Sørensen, Jørgen Bjerggaard Jensen
Human papillomavirus (HPV) is an accepted causative agent in cervical cancer of the uterus, penile cancer, anal cancer and oropharyngeal carcinomas, while its role in other cancers such as urinary bladder cancer is still much discussed. This report presents a patient with multiple HPV types in a squamous cell carcinoma of the urinary bladder.
January 13, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28084860/crude-mortality-and-loss-of-life-expectancy-of-patients-diagnosed-with-urothelial-carcinoma-of-the-urinary-bladder-in-norway
#2
Bettina K Andreassen, Tor Å Myklebust, Erik S Haug
OBJECTIVE: Reports from cancer registries often lack clinically relevant information, which would be useful in estimating the prognosis of individual patients with urothelial carcinoma of the urinary bladder (UCB). This article presents estimates of crude probabilities of death due to UCB and the expected loss of lifetime stratified for patient characteristics. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In Norway, 10,332 patients were diagnosed with UCB between 2001 and 2010. The crude probabilities of death due to UCB were estimated, stratified by gender, age and T stage, using flexible parametric survival models...
January 13, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28084175/antidiabetic-drug-use-and-prostate-cancer-risk-in-the-finnish-randomized-study-of-screening-for-prostate-cancer
#3
Antti Haring, Teemu J Murtola, Kirsi Talala, Kimmo Taari, Teuvo L J Tammela, Anssi Auvinen
OBJECTIVE: Diabetic men have lowered overall prostate cancer (PCa) risk, while their risk of high-grade disease may be elevated. The antidiabetic drug metformin may reduce the risk. This study evaluated PCa incidence among users of metformin and other antidiabetic drugs in the Finnish Randomized Study of Screening for Prostate Cancer (FinRSPC). METHODS: The study population (78,615 men) was linked to the national prescription database. Hazard ratios (HRs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) for PCa were estimated using Cox regression, with medication use as a time-dependent variable...
January 13, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28079470/rise-in-ambient-temperature-predisposes-aging-male-japanese-patients-to-renal-colic-episodes-due-to-upper-urolithiasis
#4
Osamu Ichiyanagi, Hiroki Fukuhara, Sei Naito, Hayato Nishida, Toshihiko Sakurai, Masayuki Kurokawa, Hiromi Ito, Hiroshi Kakizaki, Akinori Muto, Yuichi Adachi, Tomoyuki Kato, Akira Nagaoka, Norihiko Tsuchiya
OBJECTIVE: Urolithiasis is a common urological problem, and its incidence has been increasing worldwide, including in Japan. Relationships between stone etiology and rise in ambient temperature have been reported, but it remains unclear how age and gender affect these relationships. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A retrospective examination was conducted of the medical archives of 1005 patients (aged ≥15 years) with acute renal colic diagnosed with urolithiasis upon image examination who consecutively visited emergency departments in three hospitals...
January 12, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27967297/active-surveillance-as-a-therapeutic-option-for-patients-with-low-risk-prostate-cancer-according-to-the-2014-international-society-of-urological-pathology-grading-system-a-review
#5
Burkhard Helpap, Heidrun Gevensleben
Extended prostate-specific antigen screening and the tightly focused execution of biopsies have resulted in an increased rate of detection, and thereby increased interventional treatment, of prostate cancer (PCa). The potential overdiagnosis and overtreatment of PCa patients have repeatedly been criticized in national and international literature. Controlled monitoring of patients in the setting of active surveillance (AS) can prevent overtreatment and the needless impairment of quality of life. The prerequisite for this treatment strategy is the diagnosis of low-grade/risk PCa...
December 14, 2016: Scandinavian Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27951741/outcomes-of-reintervention-after-failed-urethroplasty
#6
Teresa Olsen Ekerhult, Klas Lindqvist, Ralph Peeker, Lars Grenabo
OBJECTIVE: Urethroplasty is a procedure that has a high success rate. However, there exists a small subgroup of patients who require multiple procedures to achieve an acceptable result. This study analyses the outcomes of a series of patients with failed urethroplasty. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This is a retrospective review of 82 failures out of 407 patients who underwent urethroplasty due to urethral stricture during the period 1999-2013. Failure was defined as the need for an additional surgical procedure...
December 13, 2016: Scandinavian Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27910728/predictive-factors-associated-with-biochemical-recurrence-following-radical-prostatectomy-for-pathological-t2-prostate-cancer-with-negative-surgical-margins
#7
Fouad Aoun, Simone Albisinni, Benjamin Henriet, Bertrand Tombal, Roland Van Velthoven, Thierry Roumeguère
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to determine factors associated with the development of biochemical recurrence (BCR) following radical prostatectomy in patients with pathological T2 prostate cancer and negative surgical margins. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This retrospective multicentre cohort study included 1252 consecutive patients with pT2 pN0/Nx and negative surgical margins on radical prostatectomy and without any adjuvant treatment, performed in three Belgian centres...
December 2, 2016: Scandinavian Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905212/multicystic-seminal-vesicle-with-ipsilateral-renal-agenesis-two-cases-of-zinner-syndrome
#8
Pablo Naval-Baudin, Elena Carreño García, Ana Sanchez Marquez, Joana Valcárcel José, Natalia M Romero
The association of ipsilateral renal agenesis and cystic seminal vesicle is a rare congenital syndrome described by Zinner in 1914. The cases of two patients with this syndrome are presented, one of them associated with infertility, the other with cryptorchidism and testicular pain. A brief review of the literature is undertaken, regarding the main clinical and imaging implications, and the developmental anomalies that are involved in this unusual congenital anomaly are analyzed.
December 1, 2016: Scandinavian Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27876432/routine-deferred-computed-tomography-for-patients-with-suspected-urolithiasis-is-low-value-healthcare
#9
Ingvild M Rosenlund, Olav H Førde, Arthur Revhaug
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to investigate the benefits of deferred routine computed tomography of the kidneys, ureters and bladder (CT KUB) for patients with a self-limiting episode of suspected urolithiasis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study comprised a case series of consecutive patients examined with deferred routine CT KUB for control of suspected urolithiasis. Patients examined with CT KUB at the University Hospital of North Norway, between 1 January 2010 and 31 December 2013, were included...
November 23, 2016: Scandinavian Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27841089/impact-of-postoperative-phosphodiesterase-type-5-inhibitor-treatment-on-lower-urinary-tract-symptoms-after-robot-assisted-radical-prostatectomy-a-longitudinal-study
#10
Masashi Honda, Bunya Kawamoto, Shuichi Morizane, Katsuya Hikita, Kuniyasu Muraoka, Takehiro Sejima, Atsushi Takenaka
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to assess the role of tadalafil, a phosphodiesterase type 5 inhibitor (PDE5-I), in recovery of lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS) after robot-assisted radical prostatectomy (RARP). MATERIALS AND METHODS: All patients treated with RARP between October 2010 and August 2013 were enrolled in this retrospective study on prospectively collected data. Patients were retrospectively divided into groups according to postoperative treatment: patients taking tadalafil twice weekly from 1 month to 6 months after RARP, and patients not taking tadalafil...
November 14, 2016: Scandinavian Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27834569/influence-of-scars-on-body-image-consciousness-with-respect-to-gender-following-laparoendoscopic-single-site-versus-conventional-laparoscopic-surgery
#11
Masaaki Yanishi, Hidefumi Kinoshita, Takao Mishima, Hisanori Taniguchi, Kenji Yoshida, Yoshihiro Komai, Kaneki Yasuda, Masato Watanabe, Motohiko Sugi, Tadashi Matsuda
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate and compare the cosmetic outcomes of laparoscopic single-site surgery (LESS) and conventional laparoscopy (CL) in the treatment of ureteropelvic junction obstruction (UPJO) and urachal remnant removal. LESS is thought to produce better cosmetic results than CL; however, patients' perception of their scars has not been assessed. This study compared the subjective body image and cosmesis ratings of patients who had undergone LESS or CL for UPJO and urachal remnant removal...
November 11, 2016: Scandinavian Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27834115/long-term-functional-outcomes-after-radical-cystectomy-with-ileal-bladder-substitute-does-the-definition-of-continence-matter
#12
Fredrik Liedberg, Göran Ahlgren, Gediminas Baseckas, Sigurdur Gudjonsson, Ulf Håkansson, Sara Lindquist, Annica Löfgren, Oliver Patschan, Carina Siller, Gottfrid Sjödahl
OBJECTIVE: Functional outcomes after ileal bladder substitution reflect the expectations of future patients at a particular centre. The aim of this study was to use validated questionnaires and a pad-weighing test to investigate functional outcomes after neobladder reconstruction at long-term follow-up in patients at a single centre. MATERIALS AND METHODS: During 2005 - 2015, 75 patients received a Studer ileal bladder substitute at the Department of Urology, Malmö...
November 11, 2016: Scandinavian Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27827004/initial-experience-with-hand-assisted-laparoscopic-donor-nephrectomy-a-single-centre-experience-over-5-years
#13
Majken Højrup Wiborg, Anja Toft, Henrik Jahn, Lars Ulrich Hansen, Lars Lund
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to evaluate outcome after hand-assisted live donor nephrectomy with a retroperitoneal approach during a 5 year period. MATERIALS AND METHODS: All donor nephrectomies at Odense University Hospital, Denmark, from January 2008 to December 2012 were identified retrospectively, and the medical records were examined. RESULTS: In total, 108 patients were enrolled: 68 females, with a median age of 50 years (range 24-68 years), and 40 males, with a median age of 51 years (32-70 years)...
November 9, 2016: Scandinavian Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27809692/a-rare-case-of-bilateral-synchronous-spermatocytic-tumours-in-a-young-man-seeking-fertility-preservation
#14
Peter Østergren, Simpa S Salami, Aaron Udager, Jens Sønksen, Dana Ohl, Ganesh S Palapattu
Spermatocytic tumours are a rare form of testicular germ cell tumour that normally present in older men. This report presents a case of bilateral spermatocytic tumours in a 25-year-old man. The potential preservation of gonadal function, i.e. fertility and androgen production, is discussed, although this was not possible in this case. Although spermatocytic tumours are considered rare, the tumour is more common than previously thought and presents equally in older and younger men. In cases of bilateral presentation, accurate histological evaluation may allow the option of testis-sparing surgery...
November 4, 2016: Scandinavian Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27809635/evaluation-of-robot-assisted-laparoscopic-versus-open-cystectomy-and-effect-of-carbon-dioxide-pneumoperitoneum-on-histopathological-findings-in-ureteroenteric-anastomoses-results-from-an-experimental-randomized-porcine-study
#15
Pernille Skjold Kingo, Thormod Mønsted Rasmussen, Rikke Nørregaard, Michael Borre, Søren Høyer, Jørgen Bjerggaard Jensen
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to investigate the histopathology of ureteroenteric anastomoses (UEAs) after radical cystectomy (RC) with an ileal conduit in a porcine model using different surgical techniques. The study also evaluated the potential anti-inflammatory effect of preoperative carbon dioxide-pneumoperitoneum (CO2P). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Forty female Danish Landrace pigs were randomized to four groups: three intervention groups [open surgery ± prior CO2P and robot-assisted laparoscopic cystectomy (RALC)], all subjected to RC and an ileal conduit, and one control group...
November 4, 2016: Scandinavian Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27809631/health-related-quality-of-life-among-prostate-cancer-patients-real-life-situation-at-the-beginning-of-treatment
#16
Susanne Bergius, Saku Torvinen, Timo Muhonen, Risto P Roine, Harri Sintonen, Kimmo Taari
OBJECTIVE: The aims of this study were to measure the real-life health-related quality of life (HRQoL) of newly diagnosed prostate cancer (PCa) patients, to compare it with that of the general male population and to explore factors affecting HRQoL. METHODS: All newly diagnosed PCa patients in the Helsinki University Hospital were asked to fill in 15D and EORTC QLQ-C30 questionnaires. Clinical background information was collected retrospectively from patient charts...
November 4, 2016: Scandinavian Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27739342/development-and-confirmation-of-potential-gene-classifiers-of-human-clear-cell-renal-cell-carcinoma-using-next-generation-rna-sequencing
#17
Oystein S Eikrem, Philipp Strauss, Christian Beisland, Andreas Scherer, Lea Landolt, Arnar Flatberg, Sabine Leh, Vidar Beisvag, Trude Skogstrand, Karin Hjelle, Anjana Shresta, Hans-Peter Marti
OBJECTIVE: A previous study by this group demonstrated the feasibility of RNA sequencing (RNAseq) technology for capturing disease biology of clear cell renal cell carcinoma (ccRCC), and presented initial results for carbonic anhydrase-9 (CA9) and tumor necrosis factor-α-induced protein-6 (TNFAIP6) as possible biomarkers of ccRCC (discovery set) [Eikrem et al. PLoS One 2016;11:e0149743]. To confirm these results, the previous study is expanded, and RNAseq data from additional matched ccRCC and normal renal biopsies are analyzed (confirmation set)...
December 2016: Scandinavian Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27701987/efficacy-and-safety-of-bladder-hydrodistension-for-decreased-bladder-capacity-induced-by-intravesical-bcg-therapy
#18
Kazuyuki Numakura, Norihiko Tsuchiya, Hiroshi Tsuruta, Susumu Akihama, Mitsuru Saito, Takamitsu Inoue, Shintaro Narita, Mingguo Huang, Shigeru Satoh, Tomonori Habuchi
OBJECTIVE: Intravesical BCG therapy is widely used for the treatment of high-risk, non-muscle-invasive bladder cancer. Among various reported side-effects, decreased bladder capacity is a serious side-effect that significantly worsens patients' quality of life. This article reports the efficacy and safety of bladder hydrodistension (BHD) in six patients with seriously decreased bladder capacity caused by BCG treatment. METHODS: Six patients with low bladder capacity (<100 ml in voiding diaries) and complaint of grade 3 irritative symptoms were diagnosed with decreased bladder capacity and treated with BHD...
December 2016: Scandinavian Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27701970/sleep-and-quality-of-life-in-people-with-ileal-conduit
#19
Ikbal Cavdar, Zeynep Temiz, Ayfer Ozbas, Gulbeyaz Can, Fatih Tarhan, Ummu Yildiz Findik, Fatma Yasemin Kutlu, Nuray Akyuz
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to determine the sleep quality and the association between sleep quality and quality of life in people with ileal conduit. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A descriptive and cross-sectional design was adopted. The study sample comprised 111 people with ileal conduit operated on in urology clinics in a state hospital between January 2011 and May 2014. Six months after the operation, they were called by telephone to participate in the study...
December 2016: Scandinavian Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27686879/evaluation-of-conservative-approach-in-the-management-of-ureteroenteric-strictures-following-radical-cystectomy-with-bricker-ileal-conduit-a-single-center-experience
#20
Evert Baten, Murat Akand, Michael S Floyd, Ben Van Cleynenbreugel, Maarten Albersen, Wouter Everaerts, Hendrik Van Poppel, Frank Van Der Aa, Steven Joniau
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the risk factors and treatment options for ureteroenteric strictures (UES) following radical cystectomy (RC) and ileal conduit (IC) formation, and specifically to comment on the conservative management of UES in asymptomatic patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The datasheets were reviewed of 304 consecutive patients who were treated with an RC and IC between January 2001 and May 2011 in a Belgian tertiary center and who followed a strict follow-up protocol...
December 2016: Scandinavian Journal of Urology
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