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Scandinavian Journal of Urology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28125311/functional-outcomes-following-immediate-repair-of-penile-fracture-a-tertiary-referral-centre-experience-with-76-consecutive-patients
#1
Francesco De Luca, Giulio Garaffa, Marco Falcone, Amr Raheem, Evangelos Zacharakis, Majed Shabbir, Abdelkareem Aljubran, Asif Muneer, Fiona Holden, Claire Akers, Nim Christopher, David J Ralph
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to report surgical and functional outcomes in patients who underwent immediate penile fracture repair following location of the tunical tear with ultrasonography. METHODS: Patients' clinical notes from September 2005 to October 2015 were reviewed. The inclusion criteria were the documented presence of an albugineal laceration at the preoperative ultrasonography and during surgical exploration. In total, 76 patients were enrolled in the study...
January 26, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28084874/human-papillomavirus-types-44-52-66-and-67-detected-in-a-woman-with-squamous-cell-carcinoma-of-the-urinary-bladder
#2
Kit Riegels Jørgensen, Søren Høyer, Mette Møller Sørensen, Jørgen Bjerggaard Jensen
Human papillomavirus (HPV) is an accepted causative agent in cervical cancer of the uterus, penile cancer, anal cancer and oropharyngeal carcinomas, while its role in other cancers such as urinary bladder cancer is still much discussed. This report presents a patient with multiple HPV types in a squamous cell carcinoma of the urinary bladder.
January 13, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28084860/crude-mortality-and-loss-of-life-expectancy-of-patients-diagnosed-with-urothelial-carcinoma-of-the-urinary-bladder-in-norway
#3
Bettina K Andreassen, Tor Å Myklebust, Erik S Haug
OBJECTIVE: Reports from cancer registries often lack clinically relevant information, which would be useful in estimating the prognosis of individual patients with urothelial carcinoma of the urinary bladder (UCB). This article presents estimates of crude probabilities of death due to UCB and the expected loss of lifetime stratified for patient characteristics. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In Norway, 10,332 patients were diagnosed with UCB between 2001 and 2010. The crude probabilities of death due to UCB were estimated, stratified by gender, age and T stage, using flexible parametric survival models...
January 13, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28084175/antidiabetic-drug-use-and-prostate-cancer-risk-in-the-finnish-randomized-study-of-screening-for-prostate-cancer
#4
Antti Haring, Teemu J Murtola, Kirsi Talala, Kimmo Taari, Teuvo L J Tammela, Anssi Auvinen
OBJECTIVE: Diabetic men have lowered overall prostate cancer (PCa) risk, while their risk of high-grade disease may be elevated. The antidiabetic drug metformin may reduce the risk. This study evaluated PCa incidence among users of metformin and other antidiabetic drugs in the Finnish Randomized Study of Screening for Prostate Cancer (FinRSPC). METHODS: The study population (78,615 men) was linked to the national prescription database. Hazard ratios (HRs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) for PCa were estimated using Cox regression, with medication use as a time-dependent variable...
January 13, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28079470/rise-in-ambient-temperature-predisposes-aging-male-japanese-patients-to-renal-colic-episodes-due-to-upper-urolithiasis
#5
Osamu Ichiyanagi, Hiroki Fukuhara, Sei Naito, Hayato Nishida, Toshihiko Sakurai, Masayuki Kurokawa, Hiromi Ito, Hiroshi Kakizaki, Akinori Muto, Yuichi Adachi, Tomoyuki Kato, Akira Nagaoka, Norihiko Tsuchiya
OBJECTIVE: Urolithiasis is a common urological problem, and its incidence has been increasing worldwide, including in Japan. Relationships between stone etiology and rise in ambient temperature have been reported, but it remains unclear how age and gender affect these relationships. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A retrospective examination was conducted of the medical archives of 1005 patients (aged ≥15 years) with acute renal colic diagnosed with urolithiasis upon image examination who consecutively visited emergency departments in three hospitals...
January 12, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27967297/active-surveillance-as-a-therapeutic-option-for-patients-with-low-risk-prostate-cancer-according-to-the-2014-international-society-of-urological-pathology-grading-system-a-review
#6
Burkhard Helpap, Heidrun Gevensleben
Extended prostate-specific antigen screening and the tightly focused execution of biopsies have resulted in an increased rate of detection, and thereby increased interventional treatment, of prostate cancer (PCa). The potential overdiagnosis and overtreatment of PCa patients have repeatedly been criticized in national and international literature. Controlled monitoring of patients in the setting of active surveillance (AS) can prevent overtreatment and the needless impairment of quality of life. The prerequisite for this treatment strategy is the diagnosis of low-grade/risk PCa...
December 14, 2016: Scandinavian Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27951741/outcomes-of-reintervention-after-failed-urethroplasty
#7
Teresa Olsen Ekerhult, Klas Lindqvist, Ralph Peeker, Lars Grenabo
OBJECTIVE: Urethroplasty is a procedure that has a high success rate. However, there exists a small subgroup of patients who require multiple procedures to achieve an acceptable result. This study analyses the outcomes of a series of patients with failed urethroplasty. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This is a retrospective review of 82 failures out of 407 patients who underwent urethroplasty due to urethral stricture during the period 1999-2013. Failure was defined as the need for an additional surgical procedure...
December 13, 2016: Scandinavian Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27910728/predictive-factors-associated-with-biochemical-recurrence-following-radical-prostatectomy-for-pathological-t2-prostate-cancer-with-negative-surgical-margins
#8
Fouad Aoun, Simone Albisinni, Benjamin Henriet, Bertrand Tombal, Roland Van Velthoven, Thierry Roumeguère
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to determine factors associated with the development of biochemical recurrence (BCR) following radical prostatectomy in patients with pathological T2 prostate cancer and negative surgical margins. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This retrospective multicentre cohort study included 1252 consecutive patients with pT2 pN0/Nx and negative surgical margins on radical prostatectomy and without any adjuvant treatment, performed in three Belgian centres...
December 2, 2016: Scandinavian Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905212/multicystic-seminal-vesicle-with-ipsilateral-renal-agenesis-two-cases-of-zinner-syndrome
#9
Pablo Naval-Baudin, Elena Carreño García, Ana Sanchez Marquez, Joana Valcárcel José, Natalia M Romero
The association of ipsilateral renal agenesis and cystic seminal vesicle is a rare congenital syndrome described by Zinner in 1914. The cases of two patients with this syndrome are presented, one of them associated with infertility, the other with cryptorchidism and testicular pain. A brief review of the literature is undertaken, regarding the main clinical and imaging implications, and the developmental anomalies that are involved in this unusual congenital anomaly are analyzed.
December 1, 2016: Scandinavian Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28168924/development-of-a-new-nomogram-to-predict-insignificant-prostate-cancer-in-patients-undergoing-radical-prostatectomy
#10
Tae Heon Kim, Hwang Gyun Jeon, Byong Chang Jeong, Seong Il Seo, Seong Soo Jeon, Han Yong Choi, Hyun Moo Lee
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to develop a nomogram to predict the probability of insignificant prostate cancer. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A retrospective analysis was conducted of patients who underwent radical prostatectomy at a Korean hospital between January 2005 and December 2014. Patients with pathologically insignificant prostate cancer were defined as having organ-confined disease with tumor volume less than 0.5 cm³ without Gleason scores of 4 or 5...
February 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27827004/initial-experience-with-hand-assisted-laparoscopic-donor-nephrectomy-a-single-centre-experience-over-5-years
#11
Majken Højrup Wiborg, Anja Toft, Henrik Jahn, Lars Ulrich Hansen, Lars Lund
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to evaluate outcome after hand-assisted live donor nephrectomy with a retroperitoneal approach during a 5 year period. MATERIALS AND METHODS: All donor nephrectomies at Odense University Hospital, Denmark, from January 2008 to December 2012 were identified retrospectively, and the medical records were examined. RESULTS: In total, 108 patients were enrolled: 68 females, with a median age of 50 years (range 24-68 years), and 40 males, with a median age of 51 years (32-70 years)...
February 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27739342/development-and-confirmation-of-potential-gene-classifiers-of-human-clear-cell-renal-cell-carcinoma-using-next-generation-rna-sequencing
#12
Oystein S Eikrem, Philipp Strauss, Christian Beisland, Andreas Scherer, Lea Landolt, Arnar Flatberg, Sabine Leh, Vidar Beisvag, Trude Skogstrand, Karin Hjelle, Anjana Shresta, Hans-Peter Marti
OBJECTIVE: A previous study by this group demonstrated the feasibility of RNA sequencing (RNAseq) technology for capturing disease biology of clear cell renal cell carcinoma (ccRCC), and presented initial results for carbonic anhydrase-9 (CA9) and tumor necrosis factor-α-induced protein-6 (TNFAIP6) as possible biomarkers of ccRCC (discovery set) [Eikrem et al. PLoS One 2016;11:e0149743]. To confirm these results, the previous study is expanded, and RNAseq data from additional matched ccRCC and normal renal biopsies are analyzed (confirmation set)...
December 2016: Scandinavian Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27701987/efficacy-and-safety-of-bladder-hydrodistension-for-decreased-bladder-capacity-induced-by-intravesical-bcg-therapy
#13
Kazuyuki Numakura, Norihiko Tsuchiya, Hiroshi Tsuruta, Susumu Akihama, Mitsuru Saito, Takamitsu Inoue, Shintaro Narita, Mingguo Huang, Shigeru Satoh, Tomonori Habuchi
OBJECTIVE: Intravesical BCG therapy is widely used for the treatment of high-risk, non-muscle-invasive bladder cancer. Among various reported side-effects, decreased bladder capacity is a serious side-effect that significantly worsens patients' quality of life. This article reports the efficacy and safety of bladder hydrodistension (BHD) in six patients with seriously decreased bladder capacity caused by BCG treatment. METHODS: Six patients with low bladder capacity (<100 ml in voiding diaries) and complaint of grade 3 irritative symptoms were diagnosed with decreased bladder capacity and treated with BHD...
December 2016: Scandinavian Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27701970/sleep-and-quality-of-life-in-people-with-ileal-conduit
#14
Ikbal Cavdar, Zeynep Temiz, Ayfer Ozbas, Gulbeyaz Can, Fatih Tarhan, Ummu Yildiz Findik, Fatma Yasemin Kutlu, Nuray Akyuz
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to determine the sleep quality and the association between sleep quality and quality of life in people with ileal conduit. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A descriptive and cross-sectional design was adopted. The study sample comprised 111 people with ileal conduit operated on in urology clinics in a state hospital between January 2011 and May 2014. Six months after the operation, they were called by telephone to participate in the study...
December 2016: Scandinavian Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27686879/evaluation-of-conservative-approach-in-the-management-of-ureteroenteric-strictures-following-radical-cystectomy-with-bricker-ileal-conduit-a-single-center-experience
#15
Evert Baten, Murat Akand, Michael S Floyd, Ben Van Cleynenbreugel, Maarten Albersen, Wouter Everaerts, Hendrik Van Poppel, Frank Van Der Aa, Steven Joniau
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the risk factors and treatment options for ureteroenteric strictures (UES) following radical cystectomy (RC) and ileal conduit (IC) formation, and specifically to comment on the conservative management of UES in asymptomatic patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The datasheets were reviewed of 304 consecutive patients who were treated with an RC and IC between January 2001 and May 2011 in a Belgian tertiary center and who followed a strict follow-up protocol...
December 2016: Scandinavian Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27670851/comparison-of-shockwave-frequencies-of-30-and-60-shocks-per-minute-for-kidney-stones-a-prospective-randomized-study
#16
Muammer Altok, Mustafa Güneş, Mehmet Umul, Ali Feyzullah Şahin, Ercan Baş, Taylan Oksay, Sedat Soyupek
OBJECTIVE: One of the factors that determines the treatment success of shockwave lithotripsy (SWL) is the frequency of the shockwaves during the procedure. This study compared the efficacy and pain perception of shockwave frequencies at 30 versus 60 shocks/min for kidney stones. MATERIALS AND METHODS: From August 2013 to May 2015, 160 patients with solitary, radiopaque kidney stones were randomized to SWL at 30 shocks/min (group 1) or 60 shocks/min (group 2), with 80 patients in each group...
December 2016: Scandinavian Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27628763/warfarin-use-and-prostate-cancer-risk-in-the-finnish-randomized-study-of-screening-for-prostate-cancer
#17
Pete T T Kinnunen, Teemu J Murtola, Kirsi Talala, Kimmo Taari, Teuvo L J Tammela, Anssi Auvinen
OBJECTIVE: Anticoagulants, especially vitamin K antagonists (VKAs) such as warfarin, have been hypothesized to have antitumor properties, and use of VKAs has been associated with a lower prostate cancer (PCa) risk. This study estimated PCa risk among users of warfarin and other anticoagulants. MATERIALS AND METHODS: All anticoagulant use among 78,615 men during 1995-2009 was analyzed. Cox regression, adjusted for age, screening trial arm and use of other medications, with medication use as a time-dependent variable, was used to estimate PCa risk overall, and by tumor grade and stage...
December 2016: Scandinavian Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27628623/hormonal-response-recovery-after-long-term-androgen-deprivation-therapy-in-patients-with-prostate-cancer
#18
Jacques Planas, Ana Celma, José Placer, Mercè Cuadras, Lucas Regis, Carlos Gasanz, Enrique Trilla, Carlos Salvador, David Lorente, Juan Morote
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate hormonal recovery after cessation of androgen deprivation therapy (ADT) in a group of elderly prostate cancer patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Forty patients with locally advanced or metastatic prostate cancer, with a mean age of 71.5 years [95% confidence interval (CI) 69.1-73.9], were treated with ADT for a mean duration of 74.6 months (95% CI 59.7-89.5 months). Mean follow-up time after ADT cessation was 36.5 months (95% CI 30...
December 2016: Scandinavian Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27609413/the-role-of-contrast-enhanced-ultrasound-in-the-classification-of-ct-indeterminate-renal-lesions
#19
Jan Edenberg, Kaja Gløersen, Herzi Abdi Osman, Magne Dimmen, Geir V Berg
OBJECTIVE: Focal renal lesions are common incidental findings on computed tomography (CT). For lesions with a cystic appearance, the Bosniak classification system has enabled an important separation of benign and (potentially) malignant cysts, giving a practical guide for management. The purpose of this study was to evaluate contrast-enhanced ultrasound (CEUS) as a problem-solving modality for classification of indeterminate renal lesions detected with CT. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In total, 140 consecutive patients with 148 indeterminate renal lesions were examined with ultrasound combined with CEUS (81 men and 59 women with mean age 63...
December 2016: Scandinavian Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27589558/late-intestinal-obstruction-after-radical-cystectomy-and-urinary-diversion-urological-and-oncological-perspectives
#20
Ahmed S El-Hefnawy, Tamer Helmy, Mahmoud Laimon, Samer El-Halwagy, Hassan Abol-Enein
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to review different management modalities and outcome of patients presenting with late intestinal obstruction (IO) after radical cystectomy (RC) or palliative cystectomy (PC). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Files of patients who presented with IO between January 1978 and June 2014 were reviewed. Patients who developed IO following either RC or PC more than 30 days after surgery were included. Patients' characteristics and management protocols were evaluated...
December 2016: Scandinavian Journal of Urology
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