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Scandinavian Journal of Urology

Avner Leshem, Asnat Groutz, Hadar Amir, David Gordon, Mordechai Shimonov
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect over time of bariatric surgery on female pelvic floor symptoms. METHODS: In total, 160 consecutive adult women were requested to complete four anonymous questionnaires [International Consultation on Incontinence Questionnaire (ICIQ), Bristol Female Lower Urinary Tract Symptoms (BFLUTS), Pelvic Floor Distress Inventory (PFDI-20) and Pelvic Organ Prolapse/Urinary Incontinence Sexual Questionnaire (PISQ-12)] before bariatric surgery and at 3-6 months and 12-24 months postoperatively...
March 13, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Urology
Nina Klemann, Martin Andreas Røder, John Thomas Helgstrand, Klaus Brasso, Birgitte G Toft, Ben Vainer, Peter Iversen
OBJECTIVE: Incidence rates of prostate cancer in Denmark resemble those of countries that endorse prostate-specific antigen (PSA) screening. So far, no studies have described the consequences of PSA testing on diagnostic activity on a population level. The aim of this study was to describe the frequency of systematic transrectal ultrasound-guided biopsy (TRUS-gb) activity, including rebiopsy rates, in Denmark between 1995 and 2011. MATERIALS AND METHODS: All men who underwent TRUS-gb during the period were identified in the Danish Prostate Cancer Registry...
March 8, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Urology
Magnus Fall, Linnea Höper, Christina Kåbjörn-Gustafsson, Estelle Trysberg
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 8, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Urology
Ralph Peeker
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 27, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Urology
Tammer Hemdan, Polat Turker, Per-Uno Malmström, Ulrika Segersten
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to test choline-phosphate cytidylyltransferase-α (CCT-α) protein as a biomarker for neoadjuvant cisplatin chemotherapy response in a bladder tumor setting. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 238 patients with T2-T4 bladder cancer enrolled into two prior randomized trials comparing neoadjuvant cisplatin-based chemotherapy (NAC) plus cystectomy with cystectomy only (no-NAC) were used as discovery and validation cohorts. Protein expression was determined with immunohistochemistry and assessed with Histo (H)-scoring...
February 23, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Urology
Tarik Emre Sener, Yiloren Tanidir, Saeed Bin Hamri, Ibrahim Halil Sever, Burcu Ozdemir, Abdulla Al-Humam, Olivier Traxer
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to investigate the effects of flexible ureteroscopy (F-URS) on renal blood flow using renal Doppler ultrasound (US). MATERIALS AND METHOD: Patients undergoing F-URS were scheduled for Doppler US preoperatively and postoperatively. Peak systolic velocity (PSV), end-diastolic velocity (EDV), resistive index (RI) and pulsatility index (PI) were reported. Technical details, operation time, stone characteristics and complications were recorded...
February 20, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Urology
Alexandre Fourcade, Charlotte Payrard, Valentin Tissot, Marie-Aimée Perrouin-Verbe, Nicolas Demany, Sophie Serey-Effeil, Pierre Callerot, Jean-Baptiste Coquet, Laurent Doucet, Charles Deruelle, Vincent Joulin, Michel Nonent, Georges Fournier, Antoine Valeri
OBJECTIVE: Compared with standard systematic transrectal ultrasound (TRUS)-guided biopsies (SBx), targeted biopsies (TBx) using magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)/TRUS fusion could increase the detection of clinically significant prostate cancer (PCa-s) and reduce non-significant PCa (PCa-ns). This study aimed to compare the performance of the two approaches. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A prospective, single-center study was conducted on all consecutive patients with PCa suspicion who underwent prebiopsy multiparametric MRI (mpMRI) using the Prostate Imaging Reporting and Data System (PI-RADS)...
February 20, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Urology
Janusz Frey, Luiza Dorofte, Pernilla Sundqvist
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 20, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Urology
Mikael G Jacobsen, Frederik B Thomsen, Mikkel Fode, Rasmus Bisbjerg, Peter B Østergren
OBJECTIVE: Brachytherapy is one of several curative treatments for localized prostate cancer (PCa). The objective of this study was to report biochemical recurrence-free survival (BRFS), metastatic-free survival (MFS) and PCa-specific mortality after low-dose brachytherapy, stratified according to the D'Amico risk classification in a large Danish cohort. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study population comprised 502 men treated with brachytherapy in 1998-2012. BRFS was defined by the Phoenix criteria...
February 20, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Urology
Motohiko Sugi, Hidefumi Kinoshita, Takashi Yoshida, Hisanori Taniguchi, Takao Mishima, Kenji Yoshida, Masaaki Yanishi, Yoshihiro Komai, Masato Watanabe, Tadashi Matsuda
OBJECTIVE: Radical prostatectomy is associated with complications including urinary incontinence. A significant association between specific features of the vesicourethral anastomosis and urinary incontinence after radical prostatectomy has been demonstrated. The aim of this study was to identify the most useful predictor of postoperative urinary incontinence after robot-assisted laparoscopic radical prostatectomy (RALP) according to the features of the vesicourethral anastomosis as determined by postoperative cystography...
February 1, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Urology
Dan Holmlund
There is evidence that α-adrenoceptor (α-AR) antagonists facilitate the passage of ureteric stones, but the mechanism behind this effect has not been established. If one accepts that it is the friction between a ureteral stone and the mucosa that hampers the passage of the stone, and that the passage traumatizes the mucosa, the aim of treatment must be to reduce this friction. Elevated pressure above an obstructing stone results in an increase in tension in the wall of the upper urinary tract, including the tension at stone level, which causes an increase in friction and ureteric colic...
February 1, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Urology
Søren Kissow Lildal, Kim Hovgaard Andreassen, Helene Jung, Malene Roland Pedersen, Palle Jörn Sloth Osther
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the incidence of ureteral lesions in retrograde intrarenal surgery (RIRS) with and without the use of a 10/12 Fr ureteral access sheath (UAS). A further objective was to search for preoperative factors that could influence the risk of ureteral damage. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Data were collected from a clinical database on 180 consecutive adult patients undergoing RIRS for kidney stones with or without a 10/12 Fr UAS...
February 1, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Urology
Ingela Franck Lissbrant, Eugenio Ventimiglia, David Robinson, Magnus Törnblom, Marie Hjälm-Eriksson, Mats Lambe, Yasin Folkvaljon, Pär Stattin
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to examine the use of abiraterone and enzalutamide, two oral novel antiandrogens (NOVAs), in men with prostate cancer (PCa) in Sweden. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This cross-sectional study investigated filled prescriptions for NOVAs recorded in the Swedish Prescribed Drug Register between July 2015 and April 2016. Associations between age, comorbidity, educational level, marital status and county of residence and filled prescriptions were analyzed in the National Prostate Cancer Register (NPCR) and other health population-based registers, using multivariable logistic regression...
February 1, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Urology
Ida Johnson, Fredrik Ottosson, Lien My Diep, Rolf Eigil Berg, Jon-Roar Hoff, Nicolai Wessel, Lars Magne Eri, Viktor Berge
OBJECTIVES: To compare oncological outcomes and complication rates based on the Clavien classification between laparoscopic radical prostatectomies (LRP) and robot-assisted laparoscopic radical prostatectomies (RALP). MATERIAL AND METHODS: In a prospective quality registry clinical data were consecutively entered for 544 LRP and 1081 RALP patients operated from 2003 to the end of 2012. Complications within 90 days postoperatively were assessed according to the Clavien classification and compared between LRP and RALP patients...
January 15, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Urology
Dick Delbro, Lena Hallsberg, Ralph Peeker, Nikolai Scherbak, Magnus Fall, Rebecka Arnsrud Godtman
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to investigate whether protein expression of the extracellular matrix-degrading protease ADAMTS5 can be demonstrated in the urinary bladder of healthy rats, and, if so, to determine the localization of this enzyme. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The experiments were conducted with eight inbred male Sprague-Dawley rats. Immunohistochemistry was used to investigate the expression of ADAMTS5 in the urinary bladder. Negative controls were established by either excluding the primary antibody or applying the antibody after it had been preabsorbed with its immunogenic peptide...
January 15, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Urology
Sven Löffeler, Adrian Halland, Harald Weedon-Fekjær, Anastasia Nikitenko, Christian Lycke Ellingsen, Erik Skaaheim Haug
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to determine the level of misattribution of prostate cancer deaths in Norway based on the county of Vestfold in the years 2009-2014. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study included 328 patients registered as dead from prostate cancer (PCD; part I of death certificate), 126 patients with prostate cancer as other significant condition at death (OCD; part II of death certificate) and 310 patients who died with a diagnosis of prostate cancer not registered on the death certificate (PC-DCneg) in Vestfold County in 2009-2014...
January 11, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Urology
Ann Erlandsson, Jessica Carlsson, Sven-Olof Andersson, Chraig Vyas, Pernilla Wikström, Ove Andrén, Sabina Davidsson, Jennifer R Rider
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to investigate the role of inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) in lethal prostate cancer (PCa) by studying the iNOS immunoreactivity in tumor tissue from men diagnosed with localized PCa. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This study is nested within a cohort of men diagnosed with incidental PCa undergoing transurethral resection of the prostate (the Swedish Watchful Waiting Cohort). To investigate molecular determinants of lethal PCa, men who died from PCa (n = 132) were selected as cases; controls (n = 168) comprised men with PCa who survived for at least 10 years without dying from PCa during follow-up...
January 8, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Urology
Mauro Pacella, Guglielmo Mantica, Massimo Maffezzini, Matteo Justich, Paolo Traverso, Paolo De Angelis, Fabio Gallo, Hilgard Ackermann, Stefano Zaramella, Carlo Terrone
OBJECTIVE: The treatment of bladder diverticula consists of diverticulectomy, mainly by a laparoscopic approach or transurethral resection of the diverticular neck and fulguration of the mucosa. The endoscopic approach is generally dedicated to small diverticula. The aim of this study was to compare laparoscopic diverticulectomy versus endoscopic fulguration for bladder diverticula larger than 4 cm. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A retrospective review of the medical records of consecutive patients undergoing endoscopic or laparoscopic treatment for bladder diverticula larger than 4 cm at two tertiary hospitals was performed...
January 8, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Urology
Panu P Tonttila, Mari Kuisma, Eija Pääkkö, Pasi Hirvikoski, Markku H Vaarala
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the value of the maximal lesion diameter on preoperative multiparametric/bi-parametric magnetic resonance imaging for estimating the risk of adverse radical prostatectomy pathology. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Consecutive patients (n = 162) with prostate multiparametric or biparametric magnetic resonance images acquired before prostatectomy were retrospectively stratified into two groups: 65 patients with normal MRI (n = 18) or a suspicious lesion <15 mm in diameter (n = 47), and 97 patients with a lesion diameter ≥15 mm...
January 1, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Urology
Maria Elisabeth Lendorf, Line Hammer Dohn, Bara Á Dunga, Anand C Loya, Helle Pappot
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the present study was to emphasize the critical importance of the clinician's awareness of signet-ring cell carcinoma (SRCC) of the urinary bladder, a rare and aggressive disease entity. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A review of the current literature was conducted and a classic case of advanced SRCC of the urinary bladder is reported, clearly demonstrating the severity of this disease and the imperative need for standardized recommendations for the diagnostic work-up and management of urinary bladder SRCC...
January 1, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Urology
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