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Journal of Public Health in Africa

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29218136/assessing-the-impact-of-a-waiting-time-survey-on-reducing-waiting-times-in-urban-primary-care-clinics-in-cape-town-south-africa
#1
Johann Daniels, Virginia Zweigenthal, Gavin Reagon
A waiting time survey (WTS) conducted in several clinics in Cape Town, South Africa provided recommendations on how to shorten waiting times (WT). A follow-up study was conducted to assess whether WT had reduced. Using a stratified sample of 22 clinics, a before and after study design assessed changes in WT. The WT was measured and perceptions of clinic managers were elicited, about the previous survey's recommendations. The overall median WT decreased by 21 minutes (95%CI: 11.77-30.23), a 28% decrease from the previous WTS...
June 23, 2017: Journal of Public Health in Africa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29109856/knowledge-and-quality-of-adolescents-reproductive-health-communication-between-parents-and-their-adolescents-children-in-ibadan-nigeria
#2
Musibau A Titiloye, Ademola J Ajuwon
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 23, 2017: Journal of Public Health in Africa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29071057/sociodemographic-lifestyle-and-therapeutic-predictors-of-2-year-survival-in-hiv-infected-persons-receiving-antiretroviral-therapy-in-benin
#3
Charles Sossa Jerome, Maurice Agonnoudé, Ghislain Emmanuel Sopoh, Ali Imorou Bah-Chabi, Amédée de Souza, Moussa Bachabi, Gratien Gbetowenonmon, Victoire Agueh, Edgard-Marius Ouendo, Laurent Ouédraogo
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 23, 2017: Journal of Public Health in Africa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28890774/diarrheagenic-escherichia-coli-o157-from-libya-recent-perspectives-and-challenges
#4
Mohamed O Ahmed, Nariman F Almshawt, Hiam R Elnageh
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 23, 2017: Journal of Public Health in Africa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28890773/the-use-of-facilities-for-labor-and-delivery-the-views-of-women-in-rural-uganda
#5
Rebecca Newell, Ian Spillman, Marie-Louise Newell
The aim of the paper is to explore factors associated with home or hospital delivery in rural Uganda. Qualitative interviews with recently-delivered women in rural Uganda and statistical analysis of data from the 2011 Ugandan Demographic and Health Survey (DHS) to assess the association between socio-demographic and cultural factors and delivery location in multivariable regression models. In the DHS, 61.7% (of 4907) women had a facility-based delivery (FBD); in adjusted analyses, FBD was associated with an urban setting [adjusted odds ratio (aOR) 3...
June 23, 2017: Journal of Public Health in Africa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28890772/knowledge-and-cultural-beliefs-of-mothers-regarding-the-risk-factors-of-infant-hearing-loss-and-awareness-of-audiology-services
#6
Samantha M Govender, Nasim Banu Khan
The aim of the paper is to describe the knowledge of mothers in Durban, South Africa, regarding risk factors of hearing loss in infants and their awareness of audiology services, and to describe their cultural beliefs about the risk factors for hearing loss in infants. A descriptive survey design with quantitative methods of analysis were used. Conveniently sampled mothers (n=102) receiving postnatal care for their infants from eight provincial clinics within Durban consented to participate, yielding a response rate of 48%...
June 23, 2017: Journal of Public Health in Africa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28878871/a-behavioral-and-serological-survey-on-hiv-prevalence-among-prisoners-in-benin
#7
S Hessou, V Dougnon, Y Glele-Ahanhanzo, B C A Imorou, C Ahoussinou, B Legba, D M Zannou, L Baba-Moussa
Cases of HIV are common in Benin, with infection rates varying according to socioeconomic and cultural factors, and by region. Certain segments of the population, such as prison inmates, sex worker clients and truck drivers are at high risk for HIV/AIDS. The aim of this study is to identify which behavioral and serological indicators contribute to the spread of HIV among prisoners. A total of 496 inmates from prisons located in all major cities in Benin were surveyed. Data was collected through interview sessions carried out using a questionnaire and through blood samples...
June 23, 2017: Journal of Public Health in Africa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28878870/determinants-of-knowledge-and-safety-practices-of-occupational-hazards-of-textile-dye-workers-in-sokoto-nigeria-a-descriptive-analytic-study
#8
Nneka Christina Okafoagu, Mansur Oche, Kehinde Joseph Awosan, Hashim Bala Abdulmulmuni, Godwin Jiya Gana, Jessica Timane Ango, Ismail Raji
Textile dye workers are subject to occupational hazards on a daily basis due to exposure to precarious conditions in the workplace. This study aimed to assess the knowledge, attitude and safety practices and its determinants among textile dye workers in Sokoto metropolis, Nigeria. This is a descriptive cross-sectional study conducted among 200 textile dye workers and the respondents were selected by multi stage sampling technique. Data was collected using an interviewer administered questionnaire. Data was processed using SPSS IBM version 20 and analyzed using descriptive and inferential statistics...
June 23, 2017: Journal of Public Health in Africa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28878869/the-mortality-of-ill-infants-with-false-tooth-extraction-in-a-rural-ugandan-emergency-department
#9
Amyna Husain, M Douglas Baker, Mark C Bisanzo, Martha W Stevens
False tooth extraction (FTE), a cultural practice in East Africa used to treat fever and diarrhea in infants, has been thought to increase infant mortality. The mortality of clinically similar infants with and without false tooth extraction has not previously been examined. The objective of our retrospective cohort study was to examine the mortality, clinical presentation, and treatment of infants with and without false tooth extraction. We conducted a retrospective chart review of records of infants with diarrhea, sepsis, dehydration, and fever in a rural Ugandan emergency department...
June 23, 2017: Journal of Public Health in Africa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28878868/hiv-testing-and-risk-perceptions-a-qualitative-analysis-of-secondary-school-students-in-kampala-uganda
#10
George Aluzimbi, George Lubwama, Michael Muyonga, Wolfgang Hladik
The purpose of this paper is to explore the perceptions of self-reported HIV testing and risk behavior among sexually active adolescents and youth in secondary schools in Kampala Uganda. This was a cross-sectional survey conducted between June and October 2010 among secondary school students in Kampala, Uganda. Forty eight (48) students across the 54 schools were purposively selected for the qualitative sub-study based on their responses to particular questions. We thematically analyzed 28 interviews for our qualitative study using Nvivo software...
June 23, 2017: Journal of Public Health in Africa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28878867/prevalence-of-squamous-cell-carcinoma-of-the-esophagus-in-a-single-tertiary-center-of-south-africa-a-cross-sectional-analytic-study
#11
Mpho Kgomo, Ali A Elnagar, Jaco Nagel, Taole Mokoena
The incidence of esophageal cancer varies widely in the world. In the Middle East, Africa, and Asia and parts of Europe, squamous cell carcinoma of the esophagus dominates the esophageal cancer landscape. Worldwide the rates are highest in Northern China, South Africa, Turkey and Iran. In the United States, the black population has a five-fold higher incidence of esophageal squamous cell carcinoma than the white population. To determine the prevalence of squamous cell carcinoma of the esophagus in a single tertiary center in South Africa...
June 23, 2017: Journal of Public Health in Africa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28748065/why-publishing-the-journal-of-public-health-in-africa
#12
EDITORIAL
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 23, 2017: Journal of Public Health in Africa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28748064/publication-practices-and-responsible-authorship-a-review-article
#13
REVIEW
Elvis E Tarkang, Margaret Kweku, Francis B Zotor
Dissemination of research findings through the publication of one's work or a group of contributors is an important part of the research process, as this allows the passing on of benefits to a much wider community. In whatever evocative form this dissemination may take, the onus lies on the author(s) to ensure adherence to the code of ethics as it pertains to the integrity of the information being put out. We publish because we want our findings to be adapted into practice and application, or in some cases may be relevant to policy makers in decision-making...
June 23, 2017: Journal of Public Health in Africa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28748063/field-application-of-the-micro-biological-survey-method-for-the-assessment-of-the-microbiological-safety-of-different-water-sources-in-horn-of-africa-and-the-evaluation-of-the-effectiveness-of-moringa-oleifera-in-drinking-water-purification
#14
Francesca Losito, Alyexandra Arienzo, Daniela Somma, Lorenza Murgia, Ottavia Stalio, Paolo Zuppi, Elisabetta Rossi, Giovanni Antonini
Water monitoring requires expensive instrumentations and skilled technicians. In developing Countries as Africa, the severe economic restrictions and lack of technology make water safety monitoring approaches applied in developed Countries, still not sustainable. The need to develop new methods that are suitable, affordable, and sustainable in the African context is urgent. The simple, economic and rapid Micro Biological Survey (MBS) method does not require an equipped laboratory nor special instruments and skilled technicians, but it can be very useful for routine water analysis...
June 23, 2017: Journal of Public Health in Africa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28748062/analysis-on-the-association-among-stunting-wasting-and-underweight-in-malawi-an-application-of-a-log-linear-model-for-the-three-way-table
#15
Alfred Ngwira, Eddons C S Munthali, Kondwani D Vwalika
Childhood undernutrition is an important public health problem. Many studies have investigated the factors of childhood undernutrition, but not the association between the undernutrition indicators. This study aimed at investigating the association between the childhood undernutrition indicators. A loglinear model of cell counts of a three way table of stunting, wasting, and underweight was fitted based on the 2010 Malawi demographic health survey data. Interaction terms in the model depicted deviations from independence...
June 23, 2017: Journal of Public Health in Africa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28748061/host-molecular-factors-and-viral-genotypes-in-the-mother-to-child-hiv-1-transmission-in-sub-saharan-africa
#16
REVIEW
Linda Chapdeleine M Mouafo, Béatrice Dambaya, Nicole N Ngoufack, Céline N Nkenfou
Maternal viral load and immune status, timing and route of delivery, viral subtype, and host genetics are known to influence the transmission, acquisition and disease progression of human immunodeficiency virus-1 (HIV-1) infection. This review summarizes the findings from published works on host molecular factors and virus genotypes affecting mother to child transmission (MTCT) in Africa and identifies the gaps that need to be addressed in future research. Articles in PubMed, Google and AIDSearch and relevant conference abstracts publications were searched...
June 23, 2017: Journal of Public Health in Africa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28299163/youth-awareness-on-sexually-transmitted-infections-hiv-and-aids-in-secondary-schools-in-the-dschang-municipality-cameroon-the-mobile-caravan-project
#17
Martin Sanou Sobze, Armand Tsapi Tiotsia, Ghyslaine Bruna Djeunang Dongho, Guy Aurelien Foaleng Tankui, Joseph Fokam, Kien-Atsu Tsi, Jimmy Roger Fotso, Yannick Ngueko Azeufack, Patrick Pete Nkamedjie, Adogaye Ben Bechir Sali, Rodrigue Biguioh Mabvouna, Lucia Ercoli, Vittorio Colizzi, Gianluca Russo
Awareness is a preventive action to instill in individuals certain concepts to improve their health. It is an essential element in the prevention of sexually transmitted infection (STI)/HIV and early pregnancies among adolescents. In 2012, the prevalence of HIVin Cameroon was estimated at 4.3%. The young population appear to be the most affected (3.2%); very close to that of the Dschang Health District (Cameroon; 3.1%) in the 15-19 years age group. Theaimof this study was to evaluate the contribution of the Mobile Caravan project on the preventive aspect of STI/HIV/AIDS among youths of Dschang in 10 secondary schools within three years...
December 31, 2016: Journal of Public Health in Africa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28299162/sero-prevalence-of-hepatitis-b-surface-antigen-amongst-pregnant-women-attending-an-antenatal-clinic-volta-region-ghana
#18
Arnold Luuse, Sylvester Dassah, Sylvester Lokpo, Louise Ameke, Mark Noagbe, Peter Adatara, Oheneba Hagan, Fred Binka
Hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection remains a global challenge, although there is currently a safe and effective vaccine available. HBV prevalence in Ghana is not well documented, but vary regionally from 4.8% to 12.3% in the general population, 10.8% to 12.7% in blood donors and about 10.6% in pregnant women. This puts Ghana among the high endemic countries in Africa. The study objective was to determine the sero-prevalence of HBs antigen (Ag) and HBeAg among pregnant women in the Ho municipality. Two hundred and eigh participants (pregnant women), attending Ho Municipal antenatal clinic were enrolled into the study...
December 31, 2016: Journal of Public Health in Africa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28299161/healthcare-professionals-awareness-knowledge-attitudes-perceptions-and-beliefs-about-ebola-at-gondar-university-hospital-northwest-ethiopia-a-cross-sectional-study
#19
Tamrat Befekadu Abebe, Akshaya Srikanth Bhagavathula, Yonas Getaye Tefera, Akram Ahmad, Muhammad Umair Khan, Sewunet Admasu Belachew, Brandon Brown, Tadesse Melaku Abegaz
A poor understanding of Ebola Virus Disease (EVD) among Health Care Professionals (HCPs) may put our lives at risk. We aimed to assess the awareness, knowledge, attitudes, perceptions, beliefs of HCPs towards Ebola at Gondar University Hospital (GUH) in Northwest Ethiopia. We conducted a hospital based, cross-sectional survey among 245 randomly selected HCPs working at GUH from August-October, 2015. A validated, self-administered questionnaire was used to collect the data. We calculated descriptive statistics with P<0...
December 31, 2016: Journal of Public Health in Africa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28299160/factors-influencing-recruitment-and-retention-of-healthcare-workers-in-rural-and-remote-areas-in-developed-and-developing-countries-an-overview
#20
REVIEW
Gisèle Irène Claudine Mbemba, Marie-Pierre Gagnon, Louise Hamelin-Brabant
Shortage of healthcare workers in rural and remote areas remains a growing concern both in developed and developing countries. This review aims to synthesize the significant factors impacting healthcare professionals' recruitment and retention in rural and remote areas, and to identify those relevant for developing countries. This paper included the following steps: exploring scientific literature through predetermined criteria and extracting relevant information by two independents reviewers. The AMSTAR tool was used to assess the methodological quality...
December 31, 2016: Journal of Public Health in Africa
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