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Journal of Public Health in Africa

Jill K Gersh, Zachary Feldman, Emily Greenberger, Amit Chandra, Harvey M Friedman, Ari Ho-Foster, Michelle K Haas
Delays in diagnosing Tuberculosis (TB) are associated with increased transmission. TB may present as a clinical syndrome that mimics community-acquired pneumonia (CAP). The aim of this paper was to determine frequency of TB among patients with CAP at a referral hospital in Gaborone, Botswana. We performed a retrospective study of adults presenting with CAP from April 2010-October 2011 to the Emergency Department (ED); we matched this cohort to the National Botswana Tuberculosis Registry (NBTR) to identify individuals subsequently diagnosed with TB...
May 21, 2018: Journal of Public Health in Africa
Ooreoluwa Fasola, Olayinka Abosede, Foluke A Fasola
Women of child-bearing age (especially pregnant and lactating women) are in the most nutritionally-vulnerable stages of the life cycle. The aim of this study was to assess the knowledge, attitude and practice of good nutrition among women of childbearing age in Somolu Local Government (LG), Lagos state. This study was a crosssectional descriptive survey of 244 women of childbearing age (15-49 years). Excellent knowledge and good attitude towards good nutrition was observed among 61.89% and 86.89% respectively...
May 21, 2018: Journal of Public Health in Africa
Rashed Shah, Gomezgani Jenda, Vicoria Lwesha, Humpreys Nsona, Pavan Dadlani, Eric Swedberg
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 21, 2018: Journal of Public Health in Africa
Mbuso Precious Mabuza, Constance Shumba
South Africa is faced with a huge challenge of addressing the high burden of tuberculosis-human immune virus (TBHIV) co-infection, and this challenge is more pronounced in the province of KwaZulu-Natal which has one of the highest burdens of TB-HIV co-infection in the world. The study explored the experiences of doctors and nurses with regard to the management of tuberculosis and HIV coinfection in a TB-HIV high burden community in northern KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa. The particular focus was to provide insight and to inform policy and programme development for effective management of TB-HIV co-infection in the TB-HIV high burden community of northern KwaZulu- Natal...
May 21, 2018: Journal of Public Health in Africa
Serge Théophile Soubeiga, Bapio Valéry Jean Telesphore Elvira Bazie, Tegwindé Rebeca Compaore, Abdoul Karim Ouattara, Théodora Mahoukèdè Zohoncon, Dorcas Obiri-Yeboah, Albert Théophane Yonli, Arsène Zongo, Lassina Traore, Virginio Pietra, Simon Akpona, Serge Diagbouga, Jacques Simpore
The emergence of HIV-1 drug resistance (HIVDR) is a public health problem that affects women and children. Local data of HIVDR is critical to improving their care and treatment. So, we investigated HIVDR in mothers and infants receiving antiretroviral therapy (ART) at Saint Camille Hospital of Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso. This study included 50 mothers and 50 infants on ART. CD4 and HIV-1 viral load were determined using FACSCount and Abbott m2000rt respectively. HIVDR was determined in patients with virologic failure using ViroSeq HIV-1 Genotyping System kit on the 3130 Genetic Analyzer...
May 21, 2018: Journal of Public Health in Africa
Lawrence Essama Eno Belinga, Williams Bell Ngan, Daniel Lemougoum, Alain Serges Patrick Essam Nlo'o, Bienvenu Bongue, Annie Ngono, Samuel Honoré Mandengue, Malick Sembene
To assess the association between periodontal diseases and cardiovascular diseases in dental patients in Cameroon, a prospective observational study was carried out in 3 hospitals in Cameroon from January 2013 to December 2015. Data on general condition, age, gender and lifestyle were collected during medical history taking. The Dutch Periodontal Screening Index assessed periodontal health during oral examination. The Wilcoxon test, the Fisher test and logistic regression analysis were performed. 558 patients (53...
May 21, 2018: Journal of Public Health in Africa
Léon Jules Owona Manga, André Arsène Bita Fouda, Lucien Mbida, Come Ebana Mvogo
The performance based financing approach is being tested in four regions of Cameroon, including the Littoral region. Our study aimed to study the effects associated with the implementation of the performance based financing approach within the health facilities based in the health district of Edea in the Littoral region in Cameroon. We've carried out a crosssectional analytical study among 178 health personnel from 21 health facilities under PBF-contract within the health district of Edea. We have studied their sociodemographic characteristics, the individual and collective effects resulting from the performance based financing subsidies and the level of job satisfaction...
May 21, 2018: Journal of Public Health in Africa
Nnanna Onyekwere, Ifeoma Nwadiuto, Sylvester Maleghemi, Omosivie Maduka, Tamuno-Wari Numbere, Ndubuisi Akpuh, Esther Kanu, Ifeoma Katchy, Ibitein Okeafor
The methanol poisoning outbreak in Rivers State in May 2015, involved 84 persons in five local government areas. An incident management system comprised of an Emergency Preparedness and Response (EPR) committee and the Local Government Area Rapid Response Teams in an Emergency Operations Centre (EOC). The EOC teams conducted case finding activities, line listing, and descriptive analysis, a retrospective cohort study and collection of local gin samples for laboratory investigation. They also coordinated community mobilization and sensitization activities, intervention meetings with local gin sellers, trace back activities and case management...
May 21, 2018: Journal of Public Health in Africa
Eusébio Chaquisse, Sílvia Fraga, Paula Meireles, Glória Macassa, Joaquim Soares, Francisco Mbofana, Henrique Barros
The aim was to estimate the prevalence of sexual and physical intimate partner violence (IPV) and its associated factors, in a sample of pregnant women using antenatal care (ANC) in Nampula province - Mozambique. This cross-sectional study was carried out in six health units in Nampula, from February 2013 to January 2014. Overall, 869 participants answered the Conflict Tactics Scale 2. The lifetime and past year prevalence of sexual abuse was 49% and 46%, and of physical abuse was 46% and 44%, respectively...
May 21, 2018: Journal of Public Health in Africa
David Ayobami Adewole
Health insurance scheme is relatively new in many low to middle income countries. Awareness about and knowledge of the scheme is poor among potential beneficiaries. There are some misconceptions associated with health insurance, which contributes to its low acceptance in affected nations. The aim of this work is to present an information-education and communication concept that will serve as a social marketing tool that could enhance peoples' understanding of the modus operandi of health insurance scheme, and as well as to demystify superstitious belief associated with it...
May 21, 2018: Journal of Public Health in Africa
Osama A Alibrahim, Yusuf A Misau, Alkali Mohammed, Mohammad Bashir Faruk, Izzeldin Ss
Hepatitis C Virus is an important cause of preventable morbidity and mortality among Injecting Drug Users worldwide. The aim of this study is to determine the prevalence and correlations of HCV infection among IDUs in Saudi Arabia. A point cross-sectional survey was conducted between May 2012 and Nov 2012 to determine hepatitis C viral antibodies serological status using venous blood among IDUs (N=300) accessing care at Al-Amal Hospital in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, as well as to determine clinical correlates of hepatitis C infection among the Injecting Drug Users...
May 21, 2018: Journal of Public Health in Africa
Sidikiba Sidibé, Alexandre Delamou, Mohamed Lamine Kaba, Aboubacar Sidiki Magassouba, Amara Tabaouo Samake, Yao Serge Arthur Dongo, Kadio Jean-Jacques Olivier Kadio, Sandouno Sah Dimio, Lansana Mady Camara, Stella Babalola
Whereas the HIV prevalence in Guinea is among the lowest in Africa, many PLHIV in Guinea are malnourished. This study assessed the effect of a nutritional supplementation program on body mass index and CD4 count among adult PLHIV on ART. Study participants were PLHIV who came for consultation in the study sites between May and July 2016. The data came from two sources: retrospectively from participants' medical records and interviews at the time of recruitment into the study. About six months before they were recruited into the study, some of the PLHIV started to receive a monthly nutritional supplementation consisting of Corn-Soy Blend and oil...
May 21, 2018: Journal of Public Health in Africa
Roy Tapera, Sekis Moseki, James January
Health education and promotion remains an integral part of public health. This paper details health promotion activities in Botswana since the establishment of the profession in 1988. It further describes health promotion infrastructure, investment in health promotion, human resource training and collaborations within the country. Infrastructure and services for health promotion in the country are mainly provided by government through educational institutions, faith based organizations, non-governmental organizations, general medical practitioners and mining companies complementing the Ministry's efforts...
May 21, 2018: Journal of Public Health in Africa
Abdou Azaque Zoure, Meriem Slaoui, Hierrhum Aboubacar Bambara, Alexis Yobi Sawadogo, Tegwendé Rebeca Compaoré, Nabonswindé Lamoussa Marie Ouédraogo, Mohammed El Mzibri, Mohammed Attaleb, Si Simon Traoré, Jacques Simpore, Youssef Bakri
The worldwide variation of BRCA mutations is well known. The c.68_69delAG, c.181T>G, c.798_799delTT mutations in BRCA1 were observed in Moroccan, Algerian and Tunisian Breast Cancer families and were described founder mutation in Northern Africa. The 943ins10 is also recognized a founder mutation in West Africa. To our knowledge no study has been published on BRCA1/2 germline mutations and hereditary breast cancer (HBC) in population of Burkina Faso. The aim of the present study (first in Burkina Faso) was to screen for these four mutations in 15 unrelated patients with HBC...
May 21, 2018: Journal of Public Health in Africa
Christiana Ogben, Olayinka Ilesanmi
In 2010, community based health insurance scheme (CBHIS) was launched in the Federal Capital Territory (FCT) of Nigeria. Little is known about the preferences and perception of the rural dwellers of the FCT about the scheme. This study aimed to determine the preferences of healthcare consumers towards CBHIS in FCT. A descriptive cross sectional study of 287 household heads was done. Systematic random sampling was used. Information was collected using a semi-structured, interviewer administered questionnaire...
May 21, 2018: Journal of Public Health in Africa
Nadege Goumkwa Mafopa, Gianluca Russo, Raoul Emeric Guetiya Wadoum, Emmanuel Iwerima, Vincent Batwala, Marta Giovanetti, Antonella Minutolo, Patrick Turay, Thomas B Turay, Brima Kargbo, Massimo Amicosante, Maurizio Mattei, Carla Montesano
A serosurvey of anti-Ebola Zaire virus nucleoprotein IgG prevalence was carried out among Ebola virus disease survivors and their Community Contacts in Bombali District, Sierra Leone. Our data suggest that the specie of Ebola virus ( Zaire ) responsible of the 2013-2016 epidemic in West Africa may cause mild or asymptomatic infection in a proportion of cases, possibly due to an efficient immune response.
December 31, 2017: Journal of Public Health in Africa
Aduragbemi Banke-Thomas, Kikelomo Wright, Olatunji Sonoiki, Onaedo Ilozumba, Babatunde Ajayi, Olawunmi Okikiolu, Oluwarotimi Akinola
Globally, Nigeria is the second most unsafe country to be pregnant, with Lagos, its economic nerve center having disproportionately higher maternal deaths than the national average. Emergency obstetric care (EmOC) is effective in reducing pregnancyrelated morbidities and mortalities. This mixed-methods study quantitatively assessed women's satisfaction with EmOC received and qualitatively engaged multiple key stakeholders to better understand issues around EmOC access, availability and utilization in Lagos...
December 31, 2017: Journal of Public Health in Africa
Alexandre Manirakiza, Eugène Serdouma, Richard Norbert Ngbalé, Sandrine Moussa, Samuel Gondjé, Rock Mbetid Degana, Gislain Géraud Banthas Bata, Jean Methode Moyen, Jean Delmont, Gérard Grésenguet, Abdoulaye Sepou
Malaria in pregnancy is a serious public health problem in tropical areas. Frequently, the placenta is infected by accumulation of Plasmodium falciparum- infected erythrocytes in the intervillous space. Falciparum malaria acts during pregnancy by a range of mechanisms, and chronic or repeated infection and co-infections have insidious effects. The susceptibility of pregnant women to malaria is due to both immunological and humoral changes. Until a malaria vaccine becomes available, the deleterious effects of malaria in pregnancy can be avoided by protection against infection and prompt treatment with safe, effective antimalarial agents; however, concurrent infections such as with HIV and helminths during pregnancy are jeopardizing malaria control in sub-Saharan Africa...
December 31, 2017: Journal of Public Health in Africa
Rasha Osman Abdelwahab Abdelmoneim, Ranien Mohamed El Mortada Mahi Eldin Mahdi, Rawia Moawia Elamin Elahmer, Rogaya Adel Derar Elansary, Safaa Elsafi Widaa Mohamed, Said Hashim Ahmed Abdelgader, Sakina Salah Abbasher Ahmed, Sally Mohamed Alfatih Abdalrhman
The aim of this study was to determine the health hazards acquired by the residents nearby Soba sewage treatment plant. A descriptive cross-sectional study was carried out in Soba locality, Khartoum, Sudan. An interviewer-administrated questionnaire was assigned to 462 residents of the area living in four geographically distributed squares around the sewage plant. The data was analyzed in SPSS; Cronbach's alpha reliability scale of measurement was used to check the internal validity of six variables related to the quality of life...
December 31, 2017: Journal of Public Health in Africa
Nasim Banu Khan, Sivashnee Thaver, Samantha Marlene Govender
Self-ear cleaning is the insertion of objects into the ear canal to clean it, a widespread practice that has the potential to compromise its integrity as a natural, selfcleansing mechanism, and a risk factor for possible injuries. The practice is common among young adults and highest in university than any other graduates. This study aimed to determine the self-ear cleaning practices and associated risk of injury and related symptoms in undergraduate students at KwaZulu-Natal University. The descriptive survey utilized a self-administered questionnaire...
December 31, 2017: Journal of Public Health in Africa
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