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Journal of Public Health in Africa

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29456826/seroprevalence-of-ebola-virus-infection-in-bombali-district-sierra-leone
#1
Nadege Goumkwa Mafopa, Gianluca Russo, Raoul Emeric Guetiya Wadoum, Emmanuel Iwerima, Vincent Batwala, Marta Giovanetti, Antonella Minutolo, Patrick Turay, Thomas B Turay, Brima Kargbo, Massimo Amicosante, Maurizio Mattei, Carla Montesano
A serosurvey of anti-Ebola Zaire virus nucleoprotein IgG prevalence was carried out among Ebola virus disease survivors and their Community Contacts in Bombali District, Sierra Leone. Our data suggest that the specie of Ebola virus ( Zaire ) responsible of the 2013-2016 epidemic in West Africa may cause mild or asymptomatic infection in a proportion of cases, possibly due to an efficient immune response.
December 31, 2017: Journal of Public Health in Africa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29456825/multi-stakeholder-perspectives-on-access-availability-and-utilization-of-emergency-obstetric-care-services-in-lagos-nigeria-a-mixed-methods-study
#2
Aduragbemi Banke-Thomas, Kikelomo Wright, Olatunji Sonoiki, Onaedo Ilozumba, Babatunde Ajayi, Olawunmi Okikiolu, Oluwarotimi Akinola
Globally, Nigeria is the second most unsafe country to be pregnant, with Lagos, its economic nerve center having disproportionately higher maternal deaths than the national average. Emergency obstetric care (EmOC) is effective in reducing pregnancyrelated morbidities and mortalities. This mixed-methods study quantitatively assessed women's satisfaction with EmOC received and qualitatively engaged multiple key stakeholders to better understand issues around EmOC access, availability and utilization in Lagos...
December 31, 2017: Journal of Public Health in Africa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29456824/a-brief-review-on-features-of-falciparum-malaria-during-pregnancy
#3
Alexandre Manirakiza, Eugène Serdouma, Richard Norbert Ngbalé, Sandrine Moussa, Samuel Gondjé, Rock Mbetid Degana, Gislain Géraud Banthas Bata, Jean Methode Moyen, Jean Delmont, Gérard Grésenguet, Abdoulaye Sepou
Malaria in pregnancy is a serious public health problem in tropical areas. Frequently, the placenta is infected by accumulation of Plasmodium falciparum- infected erythrocytes in the intervillous space. Falciparum malaria acts during pregnancy by a range of mechanisms, and chronic or repeated infection and co-infections have insidious effects. The susceptibility of pregnant women to malaria is due to both immunological and humoral changes. Until a malaria vaccine becomes available, the deleterious effects of malaria in pregnancy can be avoided by protection against infection and prompt treatment with safe, effective antimalarial agents; however, concurrent infections such as with HIV and helminths during pregnancy are jeopardizing malaria control in sub-Saharan Africa...
December 31, 2017: Journal of Public Health in Africa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29456823/health-hazards-related-to-soba-sewage-treatment-plant-sudan
#4
Rasha Osman Abdelwahab Abdelmoneim, Ranien Mohamed El Mortada Mahi Eldin Mahdi, Rawia Moawia Elamin Elahmer, Rogaya Adel Derar Elansary, Safaa Elsafi Widaa Mohamed, Said Hashim Ahmed Abdelgader, Sakina Salah Abbasher Ahmed, Sally Mohamed Alfatih Abdalrhman
The aim of this study was to determine the health hazards acquired by the residents nearby Soba sewage treatment plant. A descriptive cross-sectional study was carried out in Soba locality, Khartoum, Sudan. An interviewer-administrated questionnaire was assigned to 462 residents of the area living in four geographically distributed squares around the sewage plant. The data was analyzed in SPSS; Cronbach's alpha reliability scale of measurement was used to check the internal validity of six variables related to the quality of life...
December 31, 2017: Journal of Public Health in Africa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29456822/self-ear-cleaning-practices-and-the-associated-risk-of-ear-injuries-and-ear-related-symptoms-in-a-group-of-university-students
#5
Nasim Banu Khan, Sivashnee Thaver, Samantha Marlene Govender
Self-ear cleaning is the insertion of objects into the ear canal to clean it, a widespread practice that has the potential to compromise its integrity as a natural, selfcleansing mechanism, and a risk factor for possible injuries. The practice is common among young adults and highest in university than any other graduates. This study aimed to determine the self-ear cleaning practices and associated risk of injury and related symptoms in undergraduate students at KwaZulu-Natal University. The descriptive survey utilized a self-administered questionnaire...
December 31, 2017: Journal of Public Health in Africa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29416844/negative-peri-donation-events-among-whole-blood-donors-in-a-blood-bank-in-ibadan-nigeria
#6
Foluke A Fasola
The existence and sustenance of the blood bank depends on blood donors. It is imperative that the donation experience is satisfactory for the donors. Therefore this study was carried out to determine the frequency of undesirable events experienced by the blood donor as part of donor haemovigilance. This was a retrospective descriptive study of the events that occurred amongst the blood donors of the blood bank of a tertiary institution. The blood donor incident book was reviewed for the period of six months...
December 31, 2017: Journal of Public Health in Africa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29416843/perceptions-and-practice-of-health-care-workers-regarding-hepatitis-b-vaccination-bouak%C3%A3-c%C3%A3-te-d-ivoire-2016
#7
Damus Kouassi, Odile Angbo-Effi, Lepri Aka, M'Bégnan Coulibaly, Sory Soumahoro, Gnissan Yao, Nagho Soro
Barriers to immunization are seen in both the general population and the health care workforce. We conducted this study to determine the perception of health workers on vaccination and the immunization of their patients. This cross-sectional descriptive analytical study was carried out among the medical staff in Bouaké, from 10 January to 07 March 2016. The data collected from the interviews were analyzed using Epi info 2000 software and SPSS 17.0. The Chi-2 test and logistic regression were performed and the significance threshold of the tests was 5%...
December 31, 2017: Journal of Public Health in Africa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29416842/caesarean-section-in-a-primary-health-facility-in-ghana-clinical-indications-and-feto-maternal-outcomes
#8
James Prah, Andreas Kudom, Alex Afrifa, Mohammed Abdulai, Ignatius Sirikyi, Emmanuel Abu
There is great concern about the increasing rise in the rate of caesarean section in both developed and developing countries. This study was to ascertain the prevalence and compare outcomes of elective and emergency caesarean sections among women who deliver at the University of Cape Coast Hospital, Ghana. This retrospective study reviewed records of 645 women who delivered through caesarean sections during the period of January 2014 and December 2015. The prevalence of caesarean section was 26.9%. There was a significantly higher rate of adverse fetal outcomes (P=0...
December 31, 2017: Journal of Public Health in Africa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29416841/effects-of-mother-related-factors-on-perinatal-outcomes-a-study-of-mothers-seeking-antenatal-care-at-public-and-non-public-health-facilities-in-kisii-county-kenya
#9
Micah Matiang'i, Simon Karanja, Peter Wanzala, Kenneth Ngure, Albino Luciani
The study sought to determine clientlevel and facility-level factors that affect perinatal outcomes among women attending comparable public (government owned) and non-public health facilities (non-government owned) in Kisii County-Kenya in the context of free maternity care. A total of 365 pregnant mothers recruited in 4 health facilities during their ANC visit and followed up to 2 weeks post-delivery but only 287 attended all follow-up visits. Study subjects were recruited proportionate to number of deliveries each of the facilities had conducted in the preceding 6 months...
December 31, 2017: Journal of Public Health in Africa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29416840/educational-intervention-on-knowledge-of-cervical-cancer-and-uptake-of-pap-smear-test-among-market-women-in-niger-state-nigeria
#10
Godwin Jiya Gana, Mansur O Oche, Jessica Timane Ango, Aminu Umar Kaoje, Kehinde Joseph Awosan, Ismail A Raji
Cervical cancer is the most common female genital tract carcinoma worldwide. It is increasingly becoming the leading carcinoma seen among women in the developing world. The aim of our study was to showcase the effect of educational intervention on the knowledge of cervical cancer and subsequently the uptake of Pap smear test amongst market women in Niger state, Nigeria. The state has a rich network of markets in all the local government areas because of the fishing activities, bountiful agricultural produce yearly and its situation to the North of the national capital, Abuja...
December 31, 2017: Journal of Public Health in Africa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29218136/assessing-the-impact-of-a-waiting-time-survey-on-reducing-waiting-times-in-urban-primary-care-clinics-in-cape-town-south-africa
#11
Johann Daniels, Virginia Zweigenthal, Gavin Reagon
A waiting time survey (WTS) conducted in several clinics in Cape Town, South Africa provided recommendations on how to shorten waiting times (WT). A follow-up study was conducted to assess whether WT had reduced. Using a stratified sample of 22 clinics, a before and after study design assessed changes in WT. The WT was measured and perceptions of clinic managers were elicited, about the previous survey's recommendations. The overall median WT decreased by 21 minutes (95%CI: 11.77-30.23), a 28% decrease from the previous WTS...
June 23, 2017: Journal of Public Health in Africa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29109856/knowledge-and-quality-of-adolescents-reproductive-health-communication-between-parents-and-their-adolescents-children-in-ibadan-nigeria
#12
Musibau A Titiloye, Ademola J Ajuwon
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 23, 2017: Journal of Public Health in Africa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29071057/sociodemographic-lifestyle-and-therapeutic-predictors-of-2-year-survival-in-hiv-infected-persons-receiving-antiretroviral-therapy-in-benin
#13
Charles Sossa Jerome, Maurice Agonnoudé, Ghislain Emmanuel Sopoh, Ali Imorou Bah-Chabi, Amédée de Souza, Moussa Bachabi, Gratien Gbetowenonmon, Victoire Agueh, Edgard-Marius Ouendo, Laurent Ouédraogo
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 23, 2017: Journal of Public Health in Africa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28890774/diarrheagenic-escherichia-coli-o157-from-libya-recent-perspectives-and-challenges
#14
Mohamed O Ahmed, Nariman F Almshawt, Hiam R Elnageh
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 23, 2017: Journal of Public Health in Africa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28890773/the-use-of-facilities-for-labor-and-delivery-the-views-of-women-in-rural-uganda
#15
Rebecca Newell, Ian Spillman, Marie-Louise Newell
The aim of the paper is to explore factors associated with home or hospital delivery in rural Uganda. Qualitative interviews with recently-delivered women in rural Uganda and statistical analysis of data from the 2011 Ugandan Demographic and Health Survey (DHS) to assess the association between socio-demographic and cultural factors and delivery location in multivariable regression models. In the DHS, 61.7% (of 4907) women had a facility-based delivery (FBD); in adjusted analyses, FBD was associated with an urban setting [adjusted odds ratio (aOR) 3...
June 23, 2017: Journal of Public Health in Africa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28890772/knowledge-and-cultural-beliefs-of-mothers-regarding-the-risk-factors-of-infant-hearing-loss-and-awareness-of-audiology-services
#16
Samantha M Govender, Nasim Banu Khan
The aim of the paper is to describe the knowledge of mothers in Durban, South Africa, regarding risk factors of hearing loss in infants and their awareness of audiology services, and to describe their cultural beliefs about the risk factors for hearing loss in infants. A descriptive survey design with quantitative methods of analysis were used. Conveniently sampled mothers (n=102) receiving postnatal care for their infants from eight provincial clinics within Durban consented to participate, yielding a response rate of 48%...
June 23, 2017: Journal of Public Health in Africa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28878871/a-behavioral-and-serological-survey-on-hiv-prevalence-among-prisoners-in-benin
#17
S Hessou, V Dougnon, Y Glele-Ahanhanzo, B C A Imorou, C Ahoussinou, B Legba, D M Zannou, L Baba-Moussa
Cases of HIV are common in Benin, with infection rates varying according to socioeconomic and cultural factors, and by region. Certain segments of the population, such as prison inmates, sex worker clients and truck drivers are at high risk for HIV/AIDS. The aim of this study is to identify which behavioral and serological indicators contribute to the spread of HIV among prisoners. A total of 496 inmates from prisons located in all major cities in Benin were surveyed. Data was collected through interview sessions carried out using a questionnaire and through blood samples...
June 23, 2017: Journal of Public Health in Africa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28878870/determinants-of-knowledge-and-safety-practices-of-occupational-hazards-of-textile-dye-workers-in-sokoto-nigeria-a-descriptive-analytic-study
#18
Nneka Christina Okafoagu, Mansur Oche, Kehinde Joseph Awosan, Hashim Bala Abdulmulmuni, Godwin Jiya Gana, Jessica Timane Ango, Ismail Raji
Textile dye workers are subject to occupational hazards on a daily basis due to exposure to precarious conditions in the workplace. This study aimed to assess the knowledge, attitude and safety practices and its determinants among textile dye workers in Sokoto metropolis, Nigeria. This is a descriptive cross-sectional study conducted among 200 textile dye workers and the respondents were selected by multi stage sampling technique. Data was collected using an interviewer administered questionnaire. Data was processed using SPSS IBM version 20 and analyzed using descriptive and inferential statistics...
June 23, 2017: Journal of Public Health in Africa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28878869/the-mortality-of-ill-infants-with-false-tooth-extraction-in-a-rural-ugandan-emergency-department
#19
Amyna Husain, M Douglas Baker, Mark C Bisanzo, Martha W Stevens
False tooth extraction (FTE), a cultural practice in East Africa used to treat fever and diarrhea in infants, has been thought to increase infant mortality. The mortality of clinically similar infants with and without false tooth extraction has not previously been examined. The objective of our retrospective cohort study was to examine the mortality, clinical presentation, and treatment of infants with and without false tooth extraction. We conducted a retrospective chart review of records of infants with diarrhea, sepsis, dehydration, and fever in a rural Ugandan emergency department...
June 23, 2017: Journal of Public Health in Africa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28878868/hiv-testing-and-risk-perceptions-a-qualitative-analysis-of-secondary-school-students-in-kampala-uganda
#20
George Aluzimbi, George Lubwama, Michael Muyonga, Wolfgang Hladik
The purpose of this paper is to explore the perceptions of self-reported HIV testing and risk behavior among sexually active adolescents and youth in secondary schools in Kampala Uganda. This was a cross-sectional survey conducted between June and October 2010 among secondary school students in Kampala, Uganda. Forty eight (48) students across the 54 schools were purposively selected for the qualitative sub-study based on their responses to particular questions. We thematically analyzed 28 interviews for our qualitative study using Nvivo software...
June 23, 2017: Journal of Public Health in Africa
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