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Advanced Biomedical Research

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28626746/frequency-of-cutaneous-fungal-infections-and-azole-resistance-of-the-isolates-in-patients-with-diabetes-mellitus
#1
Omid Raiesi, Mansour Siavash, Faezeh Mohammadi, Javaher Chabavizadeh, Behzad Mahaki, Mehrnoush Maherolnaghsh, Parvin Dehghan
BACKGROUND: Diabetic patients are more susceptible to cutaneous fungal infections. The higher blood sugar levels cause increasing the cutaneous fungal infections in these patients. The main objective of this study was to find the frequency of fungal infections among cutaneous lesions of diabetic patients and to investigate azole antifungal agent susceptibility of the isolates. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this study, type 1diabetes (n = 78) and type 2 diabetes (n = 44) comprised 47 cases (38...
2017: Advanced Biomedical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28626745/investigating-the-effect-of-extracorporeal-shock-wave-therapy-on-reducing-chronic-pain-in-patients-with-pes-anserine-bursitis-a-randomized-clinical-controlled-trial
#2
Saeid Khosrawi, Parisa Taheri, Marziyeh Ketabi
BACKGROUND: Knee pain, is one of the most common causes of patients' referring to physiatric clinics, and several factors, are involved in its creation. One of these factors is pes anserine bursitis (PAB) for which various treatment methods are used. This study aims to investigate the effect of this method on reducing chronic pain in these patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This clinical trial was conducted in 2013- 2014 on patients with PAB referring to academic, physical medicine clinics...
2017: Advanced Biomedical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28626744/central-beneficial-effects-of-trimetazidine-on-psychomotor-performance-in-normal-healthy-volunteers
#3
Hayder M Al-Kuraishy, Ali I Al-Gareeb
BACKGROUND: Trimetazidine is a fatty oxidation inhibitor, leading to shifting of energy substrate from fatty acid oxidation toward glucose oxidation that leads to the reduction of oxygen requirement. The aims of the present study were to elucidate the effects of trimetazidine on psychomotor performance and vigilance on normal healthy volunteers. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 234 subjects (age 22-25 years) were recruited in this study. The volunteers were randomizing into two groups with 117 volunteers in each group...
2017: Advanced Biomedical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28626743/phytochemical-screening-and-cytotoxic-evaluation-of-euphorbia-turcomanica-on-hela-and-ht-29-tumor-cell-lines
#4
Mehdi Aliomrani, Abbas Jafarian, Behzad Zolfaghari
BACKGROUND: Cancer is a term for a large group of different diseases, all involving uncontrolled cell growth. Many of Euphorbiaceae plants have been traditionally used for the treatment of ulcers, tumors, warts, and other diseases. In addition, in the last decade, there are studies showing cytotoxic effects of different species of Euphorbia on tumor cell lines. In this study, we attempted to determine if Euphorbia turcomanica possess any cytotoxic activity. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Solvents extracted the plant powder with various polarities by a maceration method, and qualitative phytochemical analyzes were carried out on them to identify the constituents...
2017: Advanced Biomedical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28626742/association-study-of-glutathione-s-transferases-gene-polymorphisms-gstm1-and-gstt1-with-ulcerative-colitis-and-crohn-s-disease-in-the-south-of-iran
#5
Maryam Moini, Mostafa Saadat, Hooshang Saadat, Atefeh Esmailnejad, Alireza Safarpour
BACKGROUND: Inflammatory bowel diseases (IBDs), including ulcerative colitis (UC) and Crohn's disease (CD), are chronic inflammatory disorders of the gastrointestinal tract. A combination of environmental factors and interactions with a genetic predisposition are suggested to play an important role in the etiology and pathogenesis of the IBD. Glutathione S-transferases (GSTs) are multifunctional enzymes involved in the cellular oxidative stress handling. Possible associations between GSTs gene polymorphisms and susceptibility to UC and CD have been reported in different population...
2017: Advanced Biomedical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28626741/isolation-and-identification-of-two-phenolic-compounds-from-a-moderately-cytotoxic-fraction-of-cousinia-verbascifolia-bunge
#6
Seyed Ebrahim Sajjadi, Mustafa Ghanadian, Mehrangiz Haghighi
BACKGROUND: Little information is available about chemical components of the Cousinia genus. A primary cytotoxicity screening on Cousinia verbascifolia showed moderate cytotoxic activity against OVCAR-3 ovarian and HT-29 colon cancer cells. Therefore, the aim of this study is a phytochemical investigation to identify the compounds responsible for this bioactivity. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Extraction was done through percolation and fractionations by reverse phase column chromatography and normal column chromatography...
2017: Advanced Biomedical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28620595/the-predicting-ability-of-serum-phosphorus-to-assess-the-duration-of-mechanical-ventilation-in-critically-ill-patients
#7
Reihanak Talakoub, Mahshid Bahrami, Azim Honarmand, Saeed Abbasi, Hamideh Gerami
BACKGROUND: No previous study exists to evaluate serum phosphorus (Ph) level as a predictor of the need to mechanical ventilation (MV). This study was designed to determine the predictive ability of admission serum Ph level on MV in patients admitted in Intensive Care Unit (ICU). MATERIALS AND METHODS: This prospective study was conducted on 100 patients (>16 years old), admitted to our ICU over 1-year. Patients were classified into two groups according to the days of the need to MV...
2017: Advanced Biomedical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28620594/hypokalemia-at-the-time-of-admission-to-the-intensive-care-unit-icu-increases-the-need-for-mechanical-ventilation-and-time-of-ventilation-in-critically-ill-trauma-patients
#8
Mohammadreza Safavi, Azim Honarmand, Mozhgan Karbalayi Mehrizi, Mansour Siavash Dastjerdi, Mohammad Emami Ardestani
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2017: Advanced Biomedical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28620593/phenotypic-and-molecular-identification-of-nocardia-in-brain-abscess
#9
Mehdi Fatahi-Bafghi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2017: Advanced Biomedical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28620592/the-role-of-fibular-fixation-in-the-treatment-of-combined-distal-tibia-and-fibula-fracture-a-randomized-control-trial
#10
Mohammad Javdan, Mohammad Ali Tahririan, Morteza Nouri
BACKGROUND: This randomized, parallel-group, non-blinded study was designed to determine the role of fibular fixation in the treatment outcomes of combined distal tibia and fibula fractures. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Sixty patients with distal tibial and fibular fractures were randomly divided in two groups of case and controls. In the case group, fibula was fixed prior to the fixation of tibia. In the control group, tibia was fixed without fibular fixation. Primary outcomes were varus-valgus angulation, anterior-posterior angulation, union and side effects...
2017: Advanced Biomedical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28603706/need-to-examine-postural-impairments-in-diabetic-peripheral-neuropathy
#11
Snehil Dixit, Khalid Alahmari, Vasudev Gudattu, Mohammad Haddadzadeh
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2017: Advanced Biomedical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28603705/comparing-the-efficacy-of-three-different-nano-scale-bone-substitutes-in-vivo-study
#12
Sayed Mohammad Razavi, Mansour Rismanchian, Nasim Jafari-Pozve, Saied Nosouhian
BACKGROUND: Synthetic biocompatible bone substitutions have been used widely for bone tissue regeneration as they are safe and effective. The aim of this animal study is to compare the effectiveness of three different biocompatible bone substitutes, including nano-hydroxyapatite (nano-HA) nano-bioglass (nano-BG) and forstrite scaffolds. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this interventional and experimental study, four healthy dogs were anesthetized, and the first to fourth premolars were extracted in each quadrant...
2017: Advanced Biomedical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28603704/relationship-between-self-efficacy-and-physical-activity-medication-adherence-in-chronic-disease-patients
#13
Seyde Shahrbanoo Daniali, Firooze Mostafavi Darani, Ahmad Ali Eslami, Mohammad Mazaheri
BACKGROUND: The global epidemic of unhealthy lifestyle causes to increase chronic disease. It has been proven that psychological factors such as self-efficacy are responsible to success in the process of lifestyle change. Low self-efficacy is usually related to low level of physical activity and medication adherence. Objective of the study was to investigate the effects of self-efficacy, other physical symptoms on physical activity and medication adherence in patients with chronic illness in public health centers...
2017: Advanced Biomedical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28603703/antioxidant-capability-of-ultra-high-temperature-milk-and-ultra-high-temperature-soy-milk-and-their-fermented-products-determined-by-four-distinct-spectrophotometric-methods
#14
Sahar Torki Baghbadorani, Mohammad Reza Ehsani, Maryam Mirlohi, Hamid Ezzatpanah, Leila Azadbakht, Mina Babashahi
BACKGROUND: Due to the recent emerging information on the antioxidant properties of soy products, substitution of soy milk for milk in the diet has been proposed by some nutritionists. We aimed to compare four distinct antioxidant measuring methods in the evaluation of antioxidant properties of industrial ultra-high temperature (UHT) milk, UHT soy milk, and their fermented products by Lactobacillus plantarum A7. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Ascorbate auto-oxidation inhibition assay, 2,2-diphenyl-1-picryl-hydrazyl-hydrate (DPPH) free radical scavenging method, hydrogen peroxide neutralization assay and reducing activity test were compared for the homogeneity and accuracy of the results...
2017: Advanced Biomedical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28603702/comparison-the-effect-of-extra-corporeal-shockwave-therapy-with-low-dosage-versus-high-dosage-in-treatment-of-the-patients-with-lateral-epicondylitis
#15
Parisa Taheri, Masoud Emadi, Jafar Poorghasemian
BACKGROUND: One of the most common reasons of elbow and forearm pain is lateral epicondylitis diagnosed based on clinical examination. The extracorporeal shock wave therapy is applied for less invasive treatments with different dosages. This study aimed to investigate the effects of high- and low-dose ESW in treating the lateral epicondylitis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This clinical trial was done in Al Zahra medical center on 40 patients who were selected randomly and divided into two groups...
2017: Advanced Biomedical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28603701/a-comparison-of-intravenous-ephedrine-or-phenylephrine-for-prevention-of-postspinal-hypotension-during-elective-lower-abdominal-surgery-a-randomized-double-blind-case-control-study
#16
Khosrou Naghibi, Mojtaba Rahimi, Zahra Mashayekhi
BACKGROUND: In this randomized, double-blinded case-control study, we investigated the intravenous effects of ephedrine or phenylephrine on prevention of post-spinal hypotension in elective lower abdominal surgery under spinal anesthesia. MATERIALS AND METHODS: One hundred and thirty-five patients, American Society of Anesthesiologists physical status I or II candidate for elective lower abdominal surgery under spinal anesthesia were randomized to three groups (45 each)...
2017: Advanced Biomedical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28584813/contribution-of-brain-tissue-oxidative-damage-in-hypothyroidism-associated-learning-and-memory-impairments
#17
REVIEW
Yousef Baghcheghi, Hossein Salmani, Farimah Beheshti, Mahmoud Hosseini
The brain is a critical target organ for thyroid hormones, and modifications in memory and cognition happen with thyroid dysfunction. The exact mechanisms underlying learning and memory impairments due to hypothyroidism have not been understood yet. Therefore, this review was aimed to compress the results of previous studies which have examined the contribution of brain tissues oxidative damage in hypothyroidism-associated learning and memory impairments.
2017: Advanced Biomedical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28584812/upper-eyelid-silicone-oil-migration-after-sutureless-23-gauge-vitrectomy
#18
Alireza Dehghani, Leila Rezaei, Ali Tavallali, Zahra Dastborhan
To report a case of upper eyelid swelling and ptosis caused by silicone oil migration in a patient after sutureless 23-gauge pars plana vitrectomy and silicone oil injection. A 36-year-old female was referred to eye clinic with total retinal detachment (RD) and superotemporal giant dialysis secondary to trauma in the left eye. Transconjunctival sutureless 23-gauge pars plana vitrectomy and intraocular silicone oil (1300 centistokes) injection were performed. After about 5 months, she came back with the left upper eyelid and periorbital swelling...
2017: Advanced Biomedical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28584811/erratum-assessment-of-a-2d-electronic-portal-imaging-devices-based-dosimetry-algorithm-for-pretreatment-and-in-vivo-midplane-dose-verification
#19
(no author information available yet)
[This corrects the article on p. 171 in vol. 5, PMID: 28028511.].
2017: Advanced Biomedical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28553629/epcam-expression-in-colon-adenocarcinoma-and-its-relationship-with-tnm-staging
#20
Mojhgan Mokhtari, Zeinab Zakerzade
BACKGROUND: Since epithelial cell adhesion molecule glycoprotein (EPCAM) is associated with the development and metastasis of colon adenocarcinoma, it can be helpful in predicting the tumor stage before surgery. In this study, we investigated EPCAM glycoprotein expression in colon adenocarcinoma and its relationship with tumor staging. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This study was done on formalin-fixed and paraffin-embedded tissues of 71 patients diagnosed with colon adenocarcinoma, together with normal tissues around them, which were available at the archive of pathology lab of Al-Zahra hospital, Isfahan...
2017: Advanced Biomedical Research
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