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Advanced Biomedical Research

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[This corrects the article on p. 116 in vol. 5, PMID: 27512685.].
2016: Advanced Biomedical Research
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[This corrects the article on p. 80 in vol. 5, PMID: 27195253.].
2016: Advanced Biomedical Research
Hamidreza Roohafza, Ammar Hassanzadeh Keshteli, Hamed Daghaghzadeh, Hamid Afshar, Zahra Erfani, Peyman Adibi
BACKGROUND: The frequency and the perceived intensity of life stressors, coping strategies, and social supports are very important in everybody's well-being. This study intended to estimate the relation of irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) and these factors. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This was a cross-sectional study carried out in Isfahan on 2013. Data were extracted from the framework of the study on the epidemiology of psychological, alimentary health, and nutrition...
2016: Advanced Biomedical Research
Fatemeh Bazrafshan, Alireza Irajpour, Saeed Abbasi, Behzad Mahaki
BACKGROUND: "Persian Weaning Tool" (PWT) is the only specific, national protocol designed to assess patients' readiness for weaning from mechanical ventilation in Iran. This study was developed to determine the validity and reliability of this protocol. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This is a psychometric study conducted on 31 patients connected to mechanical ventilation were ready from weaning according to anesthesiologist's diagnosis and was selected through convenient sampling...
2016: Advanced Biomedical Research
Babak Pourmollaabbassi, Saeed Karbasi, Batool Hashemibeni
BACKGROUND: The generation of bioartificial bone tissues may help to overcome the problems related to donor site morbidity and size limitations. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this paper, hydroxyapatite (HA) powder was made out of bovine bone by thermal analysis at 900°C and first, and then, porous HA (50 weight percentage) was produced by polyurethane sponge replication method. In order to improve the scaffold mechanical properties, they have been coated with poly hydroxybutyrate...
2016: Advanced Biomedical Research
Akbar Hassanzadeh, Zamzam Paknahad, Masoomeh Goodarzi Khoigani
BACKGROUND: Since preterm premature rupture of membranes (PPROM) is one of the most important complications of pregnancy and its relationship with nutrition status have not been surveyed comprehensively, we decided to study the relationship of maternal received nutrients (36 macro- and micro-nutrients) in three trimesters and PPROM which could be considered as a unique study. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this prospective cohort study, data was collected by filling a questionnaire through interviews with 620 pregnant women who had no parameters to affect pregnancy outcome...
2016: Advanced Biomedical Research
M L Patel, Rekha Sachan, Amita Verma, Radhey Shyam
Symmetrical peripheral gangrene (SPG) is a rare clinical entity, infective, and noninfective both types of etiologies are responsible. The basic underlying pathology in SPG is being disseminated intravascular coagulation and carries a high mortality. Here, we describe a 52-year-old male with dengue fever, who developed bilateral symmetrical dry gangrene of both hand and feet. His dengue IgM antibody was positive. All the peripheral pulses of the affected limbs were palpable. Color Doppler study of upper and lower limb vessels showed normal flow...
2016: Advanced Biomedical Research
Morteza Pourfarzam, Fouzieh Zadhoush, Masoumeh Sadeghi
BACKGROUND: Insulin resistance (IR) is associated with low-grade systemic inflammation. It plays an important role in the pathogenesis of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) and cardiovascular disease (CVD) in patients with metabolic syndrome (MetS). It is unclear whether diabetic patients with MetS confer elevated CVD risk and outcomes beyond the impact of individual's components of MetS. The aim of this study is to highlight the central role of IR, inflammation, triglyceride/high-density lipoprotein- cholesterol (TG/HDL-C) ratio, and atherogenic index of plasma (AIP) in T2DM with MetS...
2016: Advanced Biomedical Research
Masoud Rabbani, Amir Hossein Sarrami
BACKGROUND: Computed tomography-guided percutaneous core needle biopsy (PCNB) is a diagnostic technique for initial assessment of mediastinal mass lesions. This study was conducted to evaluate its diagnostic yield and its complication rate. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We reviewed the records of CT-guided PCNB in 110 patients with mediastinal mass lesions performed in Kashani and Alzahra Hospitals, Isfahan, from 2006 to 2012. Gender, age at biopsy, size, and anatomic location of the lesion, number of passes, site of approach, complications, and final diagnosis were extracted...
2016: Advanced Biomedical Research
Hamid Kalantari, Faezeh Ferdowsi, Majid Yaran
BACKGROUND: The absence of a detectable hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg) with or without hepatitis B core antibody (anti-HBc) or hepatitis B surface antibody (anti-HBs) in the presence of hepatitis B virus-DNA (HBV-DNA) is defined as occult HBV infection. This study was aimed to evaluate the prevalence of occult HBV infection in patients receiving hemodialysis (HD) in Isfahan, Iran. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This cross sectional study was done on 400 patients without acute or chronic HBV infection with end-stage renal disease undergoing regular HD...
2016: Advanced Biomedical Research
Naeimeh Fathi, Rasoul Mohammadi, Mohammad Amin Tabatabaiefar, Mohammad Ghahri, Seyedeh Zahra Sadrossadati
BACKGROUND: Candida species are the most prevalent cause of invasive fungal infections such as candidemia. Candidemia is a lethal fungal infection among immunocompromised patients worldwide. Main pathogen is Candida albicans but a global shift in epidemiology toward non-albicans species have reported. Species identification is imperative for good management of candidemia as a fatal infection. The aim of the study is to identify Candida spp. obtained from candidemia and determination of mortality rate among this population...
2016: Advanced Biomedical Research
Gholam Reza Kheirabadi, Masoud Ghavami, Mohammad Reza Maracy, Mehrdad Salehi, Mohammad Reza Sharbafchi
BACKGROUND: Methamphetamine dependence lead to the compulsive use, loss of control, and social and occupational dysfunctions. This study aimed to compare the effect of valproate in reducing the craving in methamphetamine dependents. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This is a randomized, double-blind, controlled clinical trial on 40 men of 18-40 years old referred to Noor Hospital during December 2012-September 2013 in Isfahan, Iran. The subjects participated in matrix program and randomly were divided into two groups of valproate and placebo...
2016: Advanced Biomedical Research
Khalilolah Nazem, Mehdi Motififard, Mehdi Yousefian
BACKGROUND: Implantation of joint prosthesis, either in the knee or in the hip, may cause some problems such as an infection, so that a timely treatment is essential. In this respect, discovering a marker detecting the incidence of an infection is one of the requirements of arthroplasty. The present study was conducted to determine variations of two markers in arthroplasty and infection incidence in Iranian patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This prospective study was carried out in Isfahan's educational treatment centers from 2009 to 2011 on patients undergoing total knee arthroplasty (TKA) and total hip arthroplasty (THA) surgical operations...
2016: Advanced Biomedical Research
Seyed Vahid Hosseini, Abbass Ayoub, Abbas Rezaianzadeh, Ali Mohammad Bananzadeh, Leila Ghahramani, Salar Rahimikazerooni, Hajar Khazraei
BACKGROUND: Common bile duct stone (CBDS) as a result of gallstone is one of the gastrointestinal disorders. In this study, the incidence of CBDS and symptomatic gallstone in Shiraz were investigated, and their management suggested. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This is a retrospective study that enrolled among 560 patients. The incidence of gallstone together with CBDS was evaluated using an ultrasonography studyand clinical data in the period between March 2014 and 2014 in Shiraz...
2016: Advanced Biomedical Research
Atousa Hakamifard, Farzin Khorvash, Arash Raisi
Fungal infections are as a cause of morbidity and mortality in immunocompromise patients. Because the respiratory tract is colonized with Candida, the presence of this agent in respiratory specimens makes the diagnosis of Candida pneumonia problematic. Candida pneumonia is a rare infection, and the majority of cases are secondary to hematogenous dissemination. Furthermore isolated Candida pneumonia originating from endotracheal inoculation is an extremely rare entity. We describe a case of isolated pulmonary candidiasis in the form multiple nodular lesions in a patient with long-term history of diabetes mellitus without evidence of fungemia or systemic involvement who responded to antifungal therapy...
2016: Advanced Biomedical Research
Fahimeh Sheikhbahaie, Masoud Amini, Mojgan Gharipour, Ashraf Aminoroaya, Nader Taheri
BACKGROUND: Hydroxychloroquine can improve most underlying coronary risk factors; however, there are a few studies on the effects of hydroxychloroquine on blood glucose and insulin resistance. The current study aimed to assess the effects of hydroxychloroquine on blood glucose control status as well as on level of lipid profile and inflammatory biomarkers in prediabetic patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In a randomized, double-blinded, controlled trial, 39 consecutive patients who were suffering from prediabetes and were referred to the Isfahan Endocrinology Center in January 2013 were randomly assigned to receive hydroxychloroquine (6...
2016: Advanced Biomedical Research
Sina Mobasherizadeh, Hasan Shojaei, Seyed Asghar Havaei, Kamyar Mostafavizadeh, Fazlollah Davoodabadi, Farzin Khorvash, Ali Mehrabi Kushki, Abbas Daei-Naser, Fahimeh Ghanbari
BACKGROUND: The rapid emergence and spread of community-associated methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (CA-MRSA) has raised considerable public health concern in both developed and developing countries. The current study aimed to address the extent of this phenomenon in healthy preschool children of a developing country. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We conducted a prospective study from April 2013 to March 2014 on 410 healthy 2-6 years old preschool children in Isfahan, Iran...
2016: Advanced Biomedical Research
Seyed Hamed Mirhoseini, Mahnaz Nikaeen, Hossein Khanahmad, Akbar Hassanzadeh
BACKGROUND: Airborne transmission of pathogenic resistant bacteria is well recognized as an important route for the acquisition of a wide range of nosocomial infections in hospitals. The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of airborne vancomycin and gentamicin (VM and GM) resistant bacteria in different wards of four educational hospitals. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 64 air samples were collected from operating theater (OT), Intensive Care Unit (ICU), surgery ward, and internal medicine ward of four educational hospitals in Isfahan, Iran...
2016: Advanced Biomedical Research
Akram Sadeghi, Ebrahim Esfandiary, Javad Hami, Hossein Khanahmad, Zahra Hejazi, Shahnaz Razavi
BACKGROUND: Diabetes in pregnancy is a common metabolic disorder associated with various adverse outcomes in the offspring including impairments in attention and memory and alterations in social behavior. Glial cells are proven to have a critical role in normal function of neurons, and alteration in their activity could contribute to disturbance in the brain function. The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of maternal diabetes on hippocampal mRNA expression and distribution pattern of glial fibrillary acidic protein (GFAP) immunoreactive glial cells in the dentate gyrus (DG) of rat neonate at postnatal day 14 (P14)...
2016: Advanced Biomedical Research
Mahsa Mansourian, Hamid Reza Marateb, Golnaz Vaseghi
BACKGROUND: This paper is a meta-analysis of the published data from in vitro studies to evaluate whether spontaneous apoptosis might be influenced by extremely low frequency (ELF) magnetic fields (MFs). MATERIALS AND METHODS: A comprehensive scientific literature search in electronic databases was conducted and studies covering the period 2000-2010 were selected. Then, published studies involving the desired topic were retrieved. The inclusion criteria were percentage of apoptosis in the cells exposed to 50-60 Hz ELF-MFs...
2016: Advanced Biomedical Research
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