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Advanced Biomedical Research

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29285486/erratum-distribution-of-the-strains-of-multidrug-resistant-extensively-drug-resistant-and-pandrug-resistant-pseudomonas-aeruginosa-isolates-from-burn-patients
#1
(no author information available yet)
[This corrects the article on p. 74 in vol. 6, PMID: 28706882.].
2017: Advanced Biomedical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29285485/a-novel-prokaryotic-green-fluorescent-protein-expression-system-for-testing-gene-editing-tools-activity-like-zinc-finger-nuclease
#2
Faezeh Sabzehei, Shirin Kouhpayeh, Mansoureh Shahbazi Dastjerdeh, Hossein Khanahmad, Rasoul Salehi, Shamsi Naderi, Razieh Taghizadeh, Parisa Rabiei, Zahra Hejazi, Laleh Shariati
Background: Gene editing technology has created a revolution in the field of genome editing. The three of the most famous tools in gene editing technology are zinc finger nucleases (ZFNs), transcription activator-like effector nucleases, clustered regularly interspaced short palindromic repeats (CRISPR), and CRISPR-associated systems. As their predictable nature, it is necessary to assess their efficiency. There are some methods for this purpose, but most of them are time labor and complicated...
2017: Advanced Biomedical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29285484/undesired-outcomes-of-the-catania-stent-compared-to-the-xience-stent-in-patients-undergoing-angioplasty-a-double-blind-randomized-controlled-trial
#3
Masoud Pourmoghaddas, Hamid Reza Rohani, Hamid Sanei, Afshin Amirpour
Background: The present study tries to compare the unintended outcomes of the Catania stent versus Xience stent in patients undergoing angioplasty. Materials and Methods: In a three month, follow-up, double-blinded, randomized controlled trial, 83 patients undergoing angioplasty, who met the inclusion criteria were entered into the study. After randomization 43 patients were treated with the Xience stent and 40 patients with the Catania stent. Stent-related outcomes such as Cardiac and Non-Cardiovascular Death, Myocardial Infarction (MI), Target Lesion Revascularization (TLR), Stent Thrombosis (ST), Coronary Artery Bypass Grafting (CABG), Peripheral vasculopathy, and Cerebral Vascular Accident (CVA) were compared between the groups...
2017: Advanced Biomedical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29285483/an-evaluation-of-ultrasound-features-of-breast-fibroadenoma
#4
Alireza Namazi, Atoosa Adibi, Mahshid Haghighi, Morteza Hashemi
Background: Breast cancer is among the most common cancers in the world. Ultrasound evaluations of breast have come into attention as an alternative route. Ultrasound features of benign lesions such as fibroadenoma can be overlapping with those in a malignant tumor. Here, we assessed the reports of breast ultrasound in patients with pathologic diagnosis of fibroadenoma. Materials and Methods: We conducted a cross-sectional study and enrolled female patients with confirmed histologic diagnosis of fibroadenoma...
2017: Advanced Biomedical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29285482/analysis-of-factors-affecting-the-body-mass-index-in-a-national-sample-of-iranian-children-and-adolescents-bootstrapping-regression
#5
Sayed Mohsen Hosseini, Shakiba Latifi, Roya Kelishadi
Background: This study aims to evaluate the effect of some factors, including birth weight, sex, age, waist circumference, family history of obesity, as well as some lifestyle factors as frequency of breakfast days and physical activity, on the body mass index among a nationally representative sample of Iranian children and adolescents by using bootstrapping regression. Materials and Methods: This study was conducted as the third survey of a school-based surveillance system (CASPIAN-III study)...
2017: Advanced Biomedical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29285481/comparing-the-frequency-of-endometritis-in-unexplained-infertility-and-anovulatory-infertility
#6
Ataollah Ghahiri, Bahare Malekzadeh, Hatav Ghassemi Tehrani
Background: Acute pelvic inflammatory disease (PID) is a common reason for infertility. This study aimed to evaluate the frequency distribution of endometritis in women with unexplained infertility and comparison with frequency distribution of endometritis in anovulatory infertility to identify the importance of endometritis due to subacute PID evaluation in the case of infertility. Materials and Methods: This case-control study was done on 100 women with unexplained infertility and ovulatory infertility who referred to Shahid Beheshti clinic in 2013 in Isfahan, Iran...
2017: Advanced Biomedical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29285480/comparison-study-on-the-effect-of-treatment-decision-based-on-renal-biopsy-and-clinical-symptoms-in-the-outcome-of-patients-with-recurrent-lupus-nephritis
#7
Hadi Karimzadeh, Shokrollah Hasani, Zahra Sayedbonakdar, Ali Mehrabi Koushki
Background: Renal involvement in systemic lupus erythematous is one of the most serious complications. The aim of this study was to compare the effects of treatment decisions based on clinical symptoms and renal biopsy on the outcome of patients with recurrent lupus nephritis. Materials and Methods: This descriptive study was conducted in 2012-13 in the Alzahra hospital on patients with lupus nephritis who had referred to the rheumatology clinic of this center due to lupus nephritis relapse...
2017: Advanced Biomedical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29285479/comparison-of-sub-bowman-keratoplasty-laser-in-situ-keratomileusis-flap-properties-between-microkeratome-and-femtosecond-laser
#8
Farhad Fazel, Mohammad Ghoreishi, Alireza Ashtari, Reza Arefpour, Mohammad Namgar
Background: Since thin and high-quality flaps produce more satisfactory surgical outcomes, flaps created by mechanical microkeratomes are more economical as compared with femtosecond lasers, and no Iranian study has concentrated laser in situ keratomileusis (LASIK) flap peculiarities between Moria Sub-Bowman keratoplasty (SBK) microkeratomes and LDV femtoseconds, the present study compares and contrasts them. Materials and Methods: This cross-sectional study was done on all patients who underwent LASIK surgery 1-month before this study...
2017: Advanced Biomedical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29285478/multiple-intelligences-profiles-of-children-with-attention-deficit-and-hyperactivity-disorder-in-comparison-with-nonattention-deficit-and-hyperactivity-disorder
#9
Mostafa Najafi, Shahla Akouchekian, Alireza Ghaderi, Behzad Mahaki, Mariam Rezaei
Background: Attention deficit and hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a common psychological problem during childhood. This study aimed to evaluate multiple intelligences profiles of children with ADHD in comparison with non-ADHD. Materials and Methods: This cross-sectional descriptive analytical study was done on 50 children of 6-13 years old in two groups of with and without ADHD. Children with ADHD were referred to Clinics of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, in 2014...
2017: Advanced Biomedical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29285477/pseudomonas-aeruginosa-producing-metallo-%C3%AE-lactamases-vim-imp-sme-and-aim-in-the-clinical-isolates-of-intensive-care-units-a-university-hospital-in-isfahan-iran
#10
Farzin Khorvash, Mohammadreza Yazdani, Shiva Shabani, Aliasghar Soudi
Background: Pseudomonas aeruginosa is a severe challenge for antimicrobial therapy, due to the chromosomal mutations or exhibition of intrinsic resistance to various antimicrobial agents such as most β-lactams. We undertook this study to evaluate the existence of SME, IMP, AIM, and VIM metallo-β-lactamases (MBL) encoding genes among P. aeruginosa strains isolated from Intensive Care Unit (ICU) patients in Al-Zahra Hospital in Isfahan, Iran. Materials and Methods: In a retrospective cross-sectional study that was conducted between March 2012 and April 2013, a total of 48 strains of P...
2017: Advanced Biomedical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29285476/vitamin-d-status-in-small-vessel-and-large-vessel-ischemic-stroke-patients-a-case-control-study
#11
Navid Manouchehri, Maryam Vakil-Asadollahi, Alireza Zandifar, Fereshteh Rasmani, Mohammad Saadatnia
Background: Vitamin D insufficiency is a globally widespread issue. Recent studies have reported a high prevalence of Vitamin D deficiency in Middle-East countries. Studies have shown negative effects of Vitamin D deficiency on endothelium and related diseases such as ischemic brain stroke. Here, we assessed Vitamin D status in patients with different types of ischemic brain stroke and control group. Materials and Methods: Seventy-five patients (49.3% small vessel, 50...
2017: Advanced Biomedical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29279841/erratum-pro-inflammatory-cytokine-response-and-genetic-diversity-in-merozoite-surface-protein-2-of-plasmodium-falciparum-isolates-from-nigeria
#12
(no author information available yet)
[This corrects the article on p. 142 in vol. 6.].
2017: Advanced Biomedical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29279840/pro-inflammatory-cytokine-response-and-genetic-diversity-in-merozoite-surface-protein-2-of-plasmodium-falciparum-isolates-from-nigeria
#13
Olusola Ajibaye, Akinniyi A Osuntoki, Albert Ot Ebuehi, Bamidele A Iwalokun, Emmanuel O Balogun, Kathleen N Egbuna
Background: Polymorphisms in Plasmodium falciparum merozoite surface protein-2 (msp-2) and associated parasite genetic diversity which varies between malaria-endemic regions remain a limitation in malaria vaccine development. Pro-inflammatory cytokines are important in immunity against malaria, understanding the influence of genetic diversity on cytokine response is important for effective vaccine design. Methods: P. falciparum isolates obtained from 300 Nigerians with uncomplicated falciparum malaria at Ijede General Hospital, Ijede (IJE), General Hospital Ajeromi, Ajeromi (AJE) and Saint Kizito Mission Hospital, Lekki, were genotyped by nested polymerase chain reaction of msp-2 block 3 while ELISA was used to determine the pro-inflammatory cytokine response to describe the genetic diversity of P...
2017: Advanced Biomedical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29279839/limited-approach-in-endoscopic-dacryocystorhinostomy-of-pediatrics
#14
Seyyed Mostafa Hashemi, Afrooz Eshaghian
Background: Limited spatial nasal cavity in children, make pediatric dacryocystorhinostomy (DCR) a difficult surgical procedure. We apply a limited approach to pediatric DCR and follow them for their consequences. Materials and Methods: An experimental study was done in pediatric DCR with limited approach (age < 14-year-old). After written consent, with general anesthesia, with nasal endoscopic surgery, lacrimal bone is exposed and extruded. In contrast with routine procedure, ascending process of maxillary sinus reserve; and marsupialization and wide exposure to lacrimal sac was done only by lacrimal bone defect; and cannulation preserve with temporary silicone tube...
2017: Advanced Biomedical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29279838/level-of-high-sensitive-c-reactive-protein-and-procalcitonin-in-pregnant-women-with-mild-and-severe-preeclampsia
#15
Reihane Jannesari, Elham Kazemi
Background: In this study, we compare the level of two inflammatory markers, high sensitive C-reactive protein (hs-CRP) and procalcitonin (PCT), in pregnant women with mild and severe preeclampsia (PE) and women with normal pregnancy. Materials and Methods: In this case-control study, normal pregnant women and pregnant women with PE were enrolled. Pregnant women with diagnosed PE were selected as case group and classified into two groups with mild and severe PE...
2017: Advanced Biomedical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29279837/effects-of-taping-on-pain-and-functional-outcome-of-patients-with-knee-osteoarthritis-a-pilot-randomized-single-blind-clinical-trial
#16
Parisa Taheri, Babak Vahdatpour, Mahboobeh Mashayekhi Asl, Hadis Ramezanian
Background: To determine the effects of knee taping in combination with exercise and medical treatment on functional outcome and pain of patients with knee osteoarthritis (OA). Materials and Methods: In a randomized single-blinded clinical trial, 36 patients with knee OA were randomly assigned to two study groups. Both groups received exercise and medical therapy for 6 weeks. In addition, the first group (20 patients) received taping in the first 3 weeks. Pain severity (assessed by visual analog scaling), weekly amount of analgesics consumption, timed get up and go test (TUG), and step tests were recorded at baseline, 3 and 6 weeks after the treatment and were further compared between two study groups...
2017: Advanced Biomedical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29279836/evaluation-of-endometrial-angiogenesis-in-mice-uterus-before-implantation-in-natural-cycles-followed-by-use-of-human-menopausal-gonadotropin-human-chorionic-gonadotropin-drugs-and-epigallocatechin-gallate
#17
Bahman Rashidi, Mehrnoush Malekzadeh
Background: Angiogenesis plays a major role in endometrial receptivity and thickening of the endometrium immediately before implantation. The aim of the present work was to evaluate the antiangiogenic properties of epigallocatechin-3-gallate (EGCG) from green tea in angiogenesis of endometrium. Materials and Methods: In this study, forty adult female NMARI mice randomly divided into four groups. Control group received vehicle; human menopausal gonadotropin/human chorionic gonadotropin (HMG/HCG) group received 7...
2017: Advanced Biomedical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29279835/an-evaluation-on-iran-international-public-health-summer-school-in-relation-to-its-efficacy-based-on-participants-experience-and-opinions
#18
Aidin Parnia, Nikoo Yamani, Ahmadreza Zamani, Shervin Badihian, Navid Manouchehri, Maryam Fakhri
Background: A serious challenge to educate health staff for public health is to appear encouraging enough to persuade them for learning issues on this field and implementing new educational methods and innovative ways. Iran International Public Health Summer School (IPHS) made an effort to provide medical sciences students with a fortune to get familiar with and involved in public health. This study intended to evaluate the efficacy of this event. Materials and Methods: This cross-sectional study was performed in March-April 2015 by the help of an electronic self-administered questionnaire filled out by 49 Iranian participants 6 months after IPHS2014...
2017: Advanced Biomedical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29279834/comparative-study-after-hamstring-anterior-cruciate-ligament-reconstruction-with-endobutton-and-rigidfix-a-clinical-trial-study
#19
Hamid Mousavi, Abdellah Maleki, Alireza Nobakht
Background: One of the most common orthopedic clinic visits involves direct and indirect knee trauma leading to rupture of anterior cruciate ligament (ACL). Endobutton and Rigidfix are most frequent treating methods that used by orthopedic surgeons. Thus the aim of this study was compare the clinical results of reconstructing arthroscopic ACL of the knee through two methods namely Rigidfix and Endobutton. Materials and Methods: In a clinical trial study, a total of 40 patients with rupture of ACL were selected and randomly divided into two groups...
2017: Advanced Biomedical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29279833/preventive-effect-of-maternal-forced-exercise-on-offspring-pain-perception-and-intensity-the-role-of-5-ht2-and-d2-receptors
#20
Ozra Motaghinejad, Majid Motaghinejad, Manijeh Motevalian
Background: Many previous studies showed that maternal forced exercise can reduce some central disorders in offsprings, but its clear mechanism remains unclear. In this study, the role of 5-HT2 and D2 receptors in neuroprotective effects of maternal forced exercise in offspring neurodevelopment and effect on some behaviors were evaluated. Materials and Methods: Forty-eight pregnant rats were trained by forced exercise, and some behavioral assays in their offspring were performed in the presence and absence of 5-HT2 and D2 receptor antagonists in various experimental groups...
2017: Advanced Biomedical Research
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