Read by QxMD icon Read

Advanced Biomedical Research

Mozhgan Karimifar
Thyroid follicular cancers are one of the thyroid gland cancers. This cancer can lead to metastases to various areas of the body. We describe a patient with thyroid follicular carcinoma who after total thyroidectomy had severe hypercalcemia, increased creatinine, and thyrotoxicosis due to extensive bone metastases. The patient was a 52-year-old man who had femoral neck fracture as the first manifestation of thyroid cancer. He was hospitalized for some time after orthopedic measures because of thyrotoxicosis and deep-venous thrombosis...
2018: Advanced Biomedical Research
Saeed Majidi, Abdolrahman Parna, Majid Zamani, Kourosh Akhbari
Background: Painful diagnostic and therapeutic procedures performed for children are routine actions. Opioids and nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs such as acetaminophens are among medications that can be used for this purpose. This study aimed to compare the onset and duration of action of intrabuccal (IB, submucosal) space and intramuscular (IM) injection of ketamine in pediatrics. Materials and Methods: This clinical trial study was carried out on 126 children of 1-15 years old referred to the emergency room of Al-Zahra and Kashani Hospitals in Isfahan and divided into two 63 populated groups of IM and IB...
2018: Advanced Biomedical Research
Shahla Akouchekian, Victoria Omranifard, Parivash Moshfegh, Mohammad Reza Maracy, Asiyeh Almasi
Background: Considering the effect of statins on the regulation of dopamine neurotransmitters and glutamates and importance of the treatment of obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) due to its relatively high prevalence and disability of available drugs in treatment of many patients, we came to the point to examine effectiveness of statins in patients with OCD. Materials and Methods: This study is a double-blind randomized clinical trial, which is done in OCD clinic of Isfahan Shariati in 2014 for 1 year...
2018: Advanced Biomedical Research
Mohammad Golparvar, Simaa Zangouei Mofrad, Mohsen Mahmoodieh, Behrooz Kalidarei
Background: Laparoscopic bariatric surgeries in morbid obese patients may be associated with atelectasis, hypercapnia, and hypoxemia, intra and postoperatively. Several strategies are used for the prevention of these consequences. This study aimed to examine the effects of three different recruitment maneuvers comparatively during surgery and the influence of the maneuvers on some cardiopulmonary indices. Materials and Methods: In a clinical trial, ninety participants of laparoscopic surgery with body mass index higher than 40 were randomly divided into three equal groups...
2018: Advanced Biomedical Research
Mohsen Meidani, Masoome Baniasadi, Farzin Khorvash
Background: Increasing use of different chemotherapy regimens, organ transplants, etc., has led to the increasing number of neutropenic patients. Overall, 10% of patients affected by cancer who are under treatment with anticancer drugs, regardless of the tumor type, are susceptible to febrile neutropenia. The study was performed to evaluate the frequency of bloodstream fungal infections in pediatric patients with febrile neutropenia in Sayed Al-Shohada Hospital (Cancer Referral Center in Isfahan) in 2010-2012...
2018: Advanced Biomedical Research
Behnaz Ansari, Keivan Basiri, Yeganeh Derakhshan, Farzaneh Kadkhodaei, Ali Asghar Okhovat
Background: Guillain-Barre syndrome (GBS) is an immune-mediated peripheral neuropathy. We compared clinical, laboratory characteristics, and disease course of GBS subtypes in a large group of Iranian patients in Isfahan. Materials and Methods: We collected data from patients who were admitted to Alzahra referral university Hospital, Isfahan, Iran with a diagnosis of GBS. In this population-based cross-sectional research, characteristic of 388 cases with GBS between 2010 and 2015 were studied...
2018: Advanced Biomedical Research
Gholamreza Ghassemi Todeshkchuei, Mitra Molaeinezhad, Sare Ghasemi Todeshkchuei
Suicide is one of the public health problems worldwide, but it lacks regular relevant reporting system. This issue is more important among women who play an influential role in the family and society. Therefore, the assessment of recent relevant studies is important to detect suicide-related factors and to help make the decisions about public health. The aim of the current study was to determine socioeconomic and psychological factors of suicide attempts in Iranian women using a descriptive meta-analysis method...
2018: Advanced Biomedical Research
Azin Shayganfar, Danial Golbidi, Maryam Yahay, Shadi Nouri, Shahrzad Sirus
Background: As elongated styloid process is one of the causes of recurrent oropharyngeal pain and carotid nerve plexus compression called Eagle's syndrome and this length is not similar in different communities, the aim of the current study is to determine average length of styloid process by paranasal multidetector computed tomography. Materials and Methods: This is a retrospective cross-sectional study about 393 patients who underwent paranasal MDCT scan for trauma in Radiology Department without pathologic finding...
2018: Advanced Biomedical Research
Jaleh Varshosaz, Ali Jahanian, Masoud Maktoobian
Background: Poly(methyl vinyl ether-maleic acid) (PMVEMA) is a water-soluble, biodegradable polymer used for drug delivery. The aim of the present study was to prepare nanofibers of this polymer as a fast-dissolving carrier for montelukast. Materials and Methods: Polymeric nanofibers were spun by electrospinning method using different ratios of biodegradable polymer of PMVEMA. The processing variables including voltage, distance of the needle to rotating screen, and flow rate of the solution were optimized based on the diameter of the nanofibers, drug content, and release efficiency by a Taguchi design...
2018: Advanced Biomedical Research
Fatemeh Mokhtari, Nazila Poostiyan
Subcorneal pustular dermatosis (SPD) or Sneddon-Wilkinson disease is a rare, benign, chronic, sterile pustular eruption which is associated with various systemic diseases including immunoglobinopathies, neoplasms, and autoimmune disorders. This paper reports a case of SPD in a patient with diffuse scleroderma in a 37-year-old woman. The hypothesis that immune dysregulation may play a role in the pathogenesis of SPD was supposed by the coexistence of diffuse scleroderma and SPD in our patient.
2018: Advanced Biomedical Research
Raheleh Rafiei Sefiddashti, Seyedeh Maryam Sharafi, Soltan Ahmad Ebrahimi, Lame Akhlaghi, Ali Moosavi, Abasali Eskandarian, Hossein Yousofi Darani
Background: Recent studies have shown that similar host glycan antigens are expressed by helminths such as Echinococcus granulosus hydatid cysts to evade from host immune system. In this work to investigate these antigens further, immunological cross-reactivity between human sera and hydatid cyst wall antigens has been investigated. Materials and Methods: Hydatid cyst wall antigens were used in enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay and Western immunoblotting and probed with pooled sera of hydatidosis patients and healthy controls...
2018: Advanced Biomedical Research
Valiollah Mehrzad, Abbas Ahmadifar, Mehdi Mahmoudzadeh
Background: This study aimed to determine the effect of Hyper-Cyclophosphamide, Vincristine, Adriamycin, and Dexamethasone (CVAD) in the treatment of acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) patients and remission duration. Materials and Methods: During a cross-sectional study in the Seyed Al-Shohada Hospital in Isfahan, patients with ALL who were admitted and treated from 2011 to 2015 because of the risk of ALL were selected and through the records investigation, demographic information, disease information, treatment, remission duration, current status, and duration of survival were collected in the form of data and are sick after going into remission, including the duration and recurrence remission survival time in treatment were analyzed and consequence, whether the patient is going into remission, remission and relapse and survival time based on the duration of treatment were analyzed...
2018: Advanced Biomedical Research
Ali Fatehizadeh, Mohammad Mehdi Amin, Bijan Bina, Mohammad Reza Zare, Mohammad Ghasemian, Ensiyeh Taheri
Background: Due to depletion of fossil fuel reserves, global warming, and the need for energy efficiency, the new energy resource is required. For this purpose, hydrogen can be considered as clean and efficient energy carrier. In this study, biohydrogen production from physical pretreated mixed culture was investigated. Materials and Methods: In this study, the optimal conditions for physical pretreatment of mixed culture were investigated for the enrichment of hydrogen-producing bacteria (HPB)...
2018: Advanced Biomedical Research
Zahra Hatefi, Goljahan Soltani, Sharifeh Khosravi, Mohammad Kazemi, Ahmad Reza Salehi, Rasoul Salehi
Background: The relationship between dyslipidemia and type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) has been frequently reported. Lipoprotein lipase (LPL) is considered to be an effective gene in regulating lipid profile. MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are small noncoding RNAs involved in posttranscriptional regulation of gene expression. In the present study, we have evaluated rs13702 (C/T) polymorphism located in miRNA-410 binding site of LPL gene in subset of Iranian T2DM patients and their normal counterparts...
2018: Advanced Biomedical Research
Azar Naimi, Mehrdad Hosseinpour
Heterotopic bone formation is a rare event in gastrointestinal lesions, especially in the pediatric population. Osseous metaplasia is exceedingly rare in colonic polyps. We present a case of rectal juvenile polyp with stromal osseous metaplasia in a 10-year-old male child. This histologic finding is very rare in children with colorectal polyps.
2018: Advanced Biomedical Research
Bahram Aminmansour, Majid Rezvani, Parvin Mahzouni, Amir Mahabadi, Ehsan Mohammad Hosseini
In this paper, we will present a case of a 63-year-old female with bifrontal epidermoid tumor who has gone under bilateral craniotomy. In a case report study, a 63-year-old female with a chief complaint of progressive headache that has been admitted to Department of Neurosurgery was studied. Magnetic resonance imaging was performed for better evaluation. After detection of bifrontal epidermoid cyst, the patient underwent surgery, and following the surgery, a cut of the tumor has been excised, sent for pathology sampling and reviewed for detection of cyst...
2018: Advanced Biomedical Research
Somayeh Taymouri, Jaleh Varshosaz, Shaghayegh Haghjooy Javanmard, Farshid Hassanzadeh
Background: A simple and sensitive reversed-phase high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) method based on liquid-liquid extraction was established and validated for determination of docetaxel (DTX) in plasma of rat. Materials and Methods: Samples were spiked with paclitaxel as the internal standard and the chromatographic separation was carried out using C18 HPLC column. The mobile phase consisted of a mixture of acetonitrile/water with the ratio of 60/40 v/v...
2018: Advanced Biomedical Research
Masoome Latifi, Sohrab Salimi, Nilofar Barahmand, Fateme Fahimnia, Leili Allahbakhshian Farsani
Background: Health information-seeking behavior is a key concept in the empowerment of women with breast cancer after mastectomy for self-care management. Thus, a real understanding of their information needs and their information-seeking behavior may open up new opportunities for their postsurgery cares. The current research was conducted to identify the information needs and information-seeking motives of women with breast cancer after mastectomy. Materials and Methods: This is an applied qualitative research...
2018: Advanced Biomedical Research
Leili Adinehmehr, Sohrab Salimi, Shahryar Sane, Venous Sina, Rana Najafizadeh
Background: The incidence of propofol injection pain during induction of general anesthesia varies from 28% to 90%. This prospective, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled study evaluated the effect of dexamethasone and granisetron for reducing the incidence and severity of propofol injection pain. Materials and Methods: A total of 227 female subjects received 5 mL of preservative-free saline, 1 mg granisetron (5 ml), or 0.15 mg/kg of dexamethasone (5 ml), intravenously, following exsanguination and occlusion of the veins of the arm...
2018: Advanced Biomedical Research
Afsaneh Karbasi Amel, Saeed Karbasi Amel, Arefeh Erfan
Background: Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is the most common behavioral problems that cause hyperactivity, attention deficits, academic failure, and emotional and behavioral problems in preschool and elementary school that is often hidden from the parents' eyes. The aim of this study was to determine the effectiveness of parent-based cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) on ADHD symptoms (including attention deficit disorder, restlessness, and impulsivity), overweight and self-esteem of 6-11-year-old obese children with attention deficit hyperactivity in Isfahan...
2018: Advanced Biomedical Research
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"