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Advanced Biomedical Research

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29142894/comparison-of-energy-and-nutrient-contents-of-commercial-and-noncommercial-enteral-nutrition-solutions
#1
Nahid Ramezani Jolfaie, Mohammad Hossein Rouhani, Maryam Mirlohi, Mina Babashahi, Saeid Abbasi, Peiman Adibi, Ahmad Esmaillzadeh, Leila Azadbakht
Background: Nutritional support plays a major role in the management of critically ill patients. This study aimed to compare the nutritional quality of enteral nutrition solutions (noncommercial vs. commercial) and the amount of energy and nutrients delivered and required in patients receiving these solutions. Materials and Methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted among 270 enterally fed patients. Demographic and clinical data in addition to values of nutritional needs and intakes were collected...
2017: Advanced Biomedical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29142893/evaluation-of-polymerase-chain-reaction-for-detecting-coliform-bacteria-in-drinking-water-sources
#2
Bahram Nasr Isfahani, Hossein Fazeli, Zeinab Babaie, Farkhondeh Poursina, Sharareh Moghim, Meisam Rouzbahani
Background: Coliform bacteria are used as indicator organisms for detecting fecal pollution in water. Traditional methods including microbial culture tests in lactose-containing media and enzyme-based tests for the detection of β-galactosidase; however, these methods are time-consuming and less specific. The aim of this study was to evaluate polymerase chain reaction (PCR) for detecting coliform. Materials and Methods: Totally, 100 of water samples from Isfahan drinking water source were collected...
2017: Advanced Biomedical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29142892/evaluation-of-mir-362-expression-in-astrocytoma-of-human-brain-tumors
#3
Majid Kheirollahi, Mahdiye Moodi, Saeideh Ashouri, Parvaneh Nikpour, Mohammad Kazemi
Background: Patients affected by gliomas have a poor prognosis. Astrocytoma is a subtype of glioma. Identification of biomarkers could be an effective way to an early diagnosis of tumor or to distinguish more aggressive tumors that need more intensive therapy. In this study, we investigated whether the expression of miR-362 was increased or decreased in patients with different grades of astrocytoma. Materials and Methods: miR-362 expression was compared in 25 patients with astrocytoma with that of 4 normal nonneoplastic brain tissues...
2017: Advanced Biomedical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29142891/assessment-of-severity-of-malnutrition-in-peritoneal-dialysis-patients-via-malnutrition-inflammatory-score
#4
Afsoon Emami Naeeni, Nazila Poostiyan, Zahra Teimouri, Mojgan Mortazavi, Mojgan Soghrati, Elnaz Poostiyan, Zamzam Paknahad
Background: Regarding to the complications of malnutrition in dialysis patients, using an easy and reliable method for evaluating of malnutrition is important in patients with the end-stage renal disease. Based on the effect of inflammatory factors in malnutrition, A new scale has been designed which is called malnutrition-inflammatory scale (MIS). We designed current study to assess the severity of malnutrition in peritoneal dialysis patients in Isfahan via MIS. Materials and Methods: In this cross-sectional MIS was used for evaluation of malnutrition...
2017: Advanced Biomedical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29142890/comparing-the-effect-of-labetalol-versus-morphine-on-controlling-blood-pressure-and-pulse-rate-during-emergence-from-anesthesia-after-craniotomy
#5
Mohammadali Attari, Fatemeh Tayyari, Nafiseh Narimani
Background: Emergence from anesthesia is associated with sympathetic stimulation, increase in pulse and blood pressure. There are different methods, but the most appropriate method should be selected regarding the differences in nationalities. This study aimed to compare the efficacy of morphine and labetalol in controlling blood pressure and pulse during emergence from anesthesia in brain tumors craniotomy. Materials and Methods: This study was conducted at Al-Zahra Hospital of Isfahan - Iran on 60 patients suffering from brain tumor candidated for craniotomy and randomly classified into two groups of 30...
2017: Advanced Biomedical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29142889/rapid-detection-of-streptomycin-resistant-mycobacterium-tuberculosis-by-rpsl-restriction-fragment-length-polymorphism
#6
Sediqe Karimi, Hossein Mirhendi, Fatemh Riyahi Zaniani, Soroor Erfani Manesh, Mahshd Salehi, Bahram Nasr Esfahani
Background: Molecular methods for the detection of drug-resistant tuberculosis (DR-TB) are potentially more rapid than conventional culture-based drug susceptibility testing, facilitating the commencement of appropriate treatment for patients with DR-TB. The aim of this study was to evaluate and develop polymerase chain reaction-restriction fragment length polymorphism (PCR-RFLP) assays for the detection of mutations within rpsL, and for the determination of streptomycin (STR) resistance in Mycobacterium tuberculosis...
2017: Advanced Biomedical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29142888/effect-of-intravitreal-injection-of-bevacizumab-on-acute-central-serous-chorioretinopathy-patients-who-visited-feiz-hospital-during-2014-2015-period
#7
Mohamad Reza Akhlaghi, Cobra Nasrollahi, Seyed Mohamad Namgar, Farzan Kianersi, Ali Reza Dehghani, Reza Arefpour
Background: Aim of this clinical trial is the evaluation of the effect of intravitreal injection of bevacizumab on acute central serous chorioretinopathy (CSC). Materials and Methods: In a nonrandomized clinical trial, 36 CSC eyes (with <1-month disease history) were examined. Initially, all the patients underwent posterior and anterior segment examinations as well as complete eye examination to evaluate the best spectacle-corrected visual acuity (BSCVA). Then, optical coherence tomography was performed to confirm the diagnosis...
2017: Advanced Biomedical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29142887/comparison-of-the-serum-level-of-cancer-antigen-125-and-human-epididymis-protein-4-in-ovarian-cancer-patients-and-healthy-groups-in-isfahan-city
#8
Mahnaz Bakrani, Kahin Shahani Poor, Valiollah Mehrzad, Nematallah Razmi
Background: Ovarian cancer is the most common fatal malignancy of the gynecology tract. The purpose of this study was to compare serum levels of tumor markers cancer antigen 125 (CA125) and human epididymis protein 4 (HE4) in both healthy groups and patients with ovarian cancer. Materials and Methods: this case-control study was performed on Seyed Al-Shohada Hospital in Isfahan. Research on the treatment of 44 patients with ovarian cancer and 44 healthy controls was performed...
2017: Advanced Biomedical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29142886/toric-intraocular-lens-for-astigmatism-correction-in-cataract-patients
#9
Hassan Razmjoo, Mohammad Ghoreishi, Azadeh Mohammadi Milasi, Alireza Peyman, Zahra Jafarzadeh, Mohadeseh Mohammadinia, Nasrollahi Kobra
Background: To assess the clinical consequences of AcrySof toric intraocular lens (IOL) and Hoya toric IOL implantation to correct preexisting corneal astigmatism in patients undergoing cataract surgery. Materials and Methods: In this study, we examined 55 eyes of 45 patients with at least 1.00 D corneal astigmatism who were scheduled for cataract surgery. After phacoemulsification, toric IOL was inserted and axis was aligned. We observed the patients, uncorrected distance visual acuity (UDVA), corrected distance visual acuity (CDVA), keratometry, manifest refraction, and IOL axis alignment 6 months after surgery...
2017: Advanced Biomedical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28989915/management-of-substance-use-disorder-in-military-services-a-comprehensive-approach
#10
Mohammad Reza Sharbafchi, Mostafa Heydari
BACKGROUND: Historically, substance misuse has been a serious problem faced by worldwide military personnel. Some research showed that military personnel have higher rates of unhealthy substance use than their age peers in the general population. These problems have serious consequences and may lead to significant military difficulties in the field of readiness, discipline, and mental or physical health. In this review, we gathered various methods for prevention, diagnosis, and treatment of substance use disorders and suggested a comprehensive plan for Iran Armed Forces to improve existing services...
2017: Advanced Biomedical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28989914/which-components-of-metabolic-syndrome-have-a-greater-effect-on-mortality-cva-and-myocardial-infarction-hyperglycemia-high-blood-pressure-or-both
#11
Alireza Khosravi, Masoumeh Sadeghi, Mehrzad Barghikar
BACKGROUND: This study aims to evaluate the incidence of stroke, ischemic heart disease (IHD), and cardiovascular disease (CVD) mortality in clusters containing hypertension (HTN), clusters containing diabetes (diabetes mellitus [DM]), cluster with both HTN, DM, and cluster without HTN, DM in patients with metabolic syndrome (MetS). MATERIALS AND METHODS: The association between MetS and outcomes was examined in 2257 patients with MetS that were divided into four groups includes patients with MetS with hyperglycemia (Cluster 1), patients with MetS with HTN (Cluster 2), patients with MetS with HTN and hyperglycemia (Cluster 3) and patients with MetS without HTN and hyperglycemia (Cluster 4)...
2017: Advanced Biomedical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28989913/efficacy-comparison-of-divided-and-infusion-intravenous-pantoprazole-methods-after-endoscopic-therapy-in-patients-with-acute-gastrointestinal-bleeding
#12
Amin Motiei, Vahid Sebghatolahi
BACKGROUND: Intravenous pantoprazole administration in patients with severe bleeding under urgent endoscopic therapy is effective. Furthermore, its infusion dose is useful to control bleeding; however, it is not economical. In this study, clinical outcomes and intravenous infusion of pantoprazole after endoscopic therapy plus efficacy of infusion dosage and divided doses are compared. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This prospective, comparative study conducted on 18 adult (>18 years) patients referred to Al Zahra Hospital for hematemesis and melena bleeding who underwent endoscopic treatment with pantoprazole which divided into two groups of forty patients...
2017: Advanced Biomedical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28989912/effect-of-low-dose-atracurium-on-laryngeal-mask-airway-insertion-conditions-a-randomized-double-blind-clinical-trial
#13
Karim Nasseri
BACKGROUND: The amount of sedation and muscle relaxation of the jaw may have an impact on complications caused by laryngeal mask airway (LMA). The aim of this study is to evaluate the effect of low-dose Atracurium on conditions of insertion, complications, and hemodynamic responses to LMA insertion following induction of anesthesia with propofol, in patients undergoing cataract surgery. PATIENTS AND METHODS: In this double-blind randomized clinical trial study, 60 patients were randomly divided into two groups...
2017: Advanced Biomedical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28989911/the-effect-of-levothyroxine-on-serum-levels-of-interleukin-10-and-interferon-gamma-in-rat-model-of-multiple-sclerosis
#14
Cobra Payghani, Fatemeh Khani, Aryan Rafiee Zadeh, Parham Reisi, Hojjatallah Alaei, Bahman Rashidi
BACKGROUND: There is an increase in inflammatory and a reduction in anti-inflammatory cytokines in multiple sclerosis (MS). Considering the role of thyroid hormones in the development and regulation of both neural and immune systems, the aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of levothyroxine on serum concentrations of interleukin-10 (IL-10) and interferon gamma (IFN-γ) in animal models of MS. MATERIALS AND METHODS: To induce demyelination in male Wistar rats, lysolecithin was injected into the optic chiasm...
2017: Advanced Biomedical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28989910/clinical-implications-of-tigrt-algorithm-for-external-audit-in-radiation-oncology
#15
Daryoush Shahbazi-Gahrouei, Mohsen Saeb, Shahram Monadi, Iraj Jabbari
BACKGROUND: Performing audits play an important role in quality assurance program in radiation oncology. Among different algorithms, TiGRT is one of the common application software for dose calculation. This study aimed to clinical implications of TiGRT algorithm to measure dose and compared to calculated dose delivered to the patients for a variety of cases, with and without the presence of inhomogeneities and beam modifiers. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Nonhomogeneous phantom as quality dose verification phantom, Farmer ionization chambers, and PC-electrometer (Sun Nuclear, USA) as a reference class electrometer was employed throughout the audit in linear accelerators 6 and 18 MV energies (Siemens ONCOR Impression Plus, Germany)...
2017: Advanced Biomedical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28989909/evaluation-of-progesterone-and-ovulation-stimulating-drugs-on-the-glandular-epithelium-and-angiogenesis-in-mice
#16
Bahman Rashidi, Mohammad Mardani, Mostafa Peyvandi Karizbodagh
BACKGROUND: Human endometrium is a dynamic tissue during the menstrual cycle can be influenced by ovarian hormones. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the endometrium angiogenesis under the influence of human menopausal gonadotropin and human chorionic gonadotropin (HMG and HCG) that stimulate ovulation and progesterone. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this study, thirty adult female mice were randomly divided into three groups as: control, gonadotropin and gonadotropin + progesterone...
2017: Advanced Biomedical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28989908/the-effects-of-hydroxyethyl-starch-6-and-crystalloid-on-volume-preloading-changes-following-spinal-anesthesia
#17
Masoud Saghafinia, Alireza Jalali, Mahnaz Eskandari, Nahid Eskandari, Marzieh Lak
BACKGROUND: Hypotension is one of the most common complications after spinal anesthesia for cesarean delivery. Normally, preloading with fluids, especially crystalloids, is used to prevention of hypotension. METHODS: In the present randomized clinical trial study, 120 parturients presenting for elective cesarean section with the American Society of Anesthesiologists Class I and II received either 15 cc normal saline or 7 cc/kg hydroxyethyl starch 6% (Voluven) fluid...
2017: Advanced Biomedical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28989907/comments-on-phenotypic-and-molecular-identification-of-nocardia-in-brain-abscess
#18
Kiana Shirani, Atousa Hakamifard, Asger Nyborg Poulsen
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2017: Advanced Biomedical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28904941/is-there-any-relationship-between-bladder-trabeculation-and-efficacy-and-safety-of-intravesical-botulinum-toxin-a-injection-in-refractory-idiopathic-overactive-bladder-women
#19
Mahtab Zargham, Shideh Abedi, Farshid Alizadeh, Mohamad Hatef Khorami, Mehrdad Mohamadi, Faranak Bahrami, Farzaneh Sharifiaghdas, Hamid Mazdak
BACKGROUND: Intradetrusor injection of botulinum toxin A (BTX-A) might serve as a minimally invasive substitute in patients with refractory idiopathic overactive bladder (RIOAB). The aim of this study was to evaluate the clinical outcomes related to two different doses of abo-BTX-A (AboBTX-A) in patients with RIOAB. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This prospective clinical trial was performed on 55 women with RIOAB. After determination of trabeculation grade, 300 (no or mild) or 500 (moderate or severe) unit of AboBTX-A (Dysport) was intravesicaly injected...
2017: Advanced Biomedical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28904940/association-of-animal-and-plant-proteins-intake-with-hypertension-in-iranian-adult-population-isfahan-healthy-heart-program
#20
Sanaz Mehrabani, Mehdi Asemi, Jamshid Najafian, Firouzeh Sajjadi, Maryam Maghroun, Noushin Mohammadifard
BACKGROUND: There is evidence regarding the relationship between dietary proteins intake and blood pressure (BP), but they had inconsistent results. Therefore, this study was designed to assess the association between different kinds of protein intake (animal and plant protein) and BP. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Data were collected from Isfahan Healthy Heart Program. We performed a cross-sectional study among 9660 randomly selected Iranian adults aged ≥19-year-old that they were selected from three large Iranian regions in 2007...
2017: Advanced Biomedical Research
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