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Advanced Biomedical Research

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28808652/capillary-versus-venous-blood-glucose-in-patients-with-coma
#1
Viroj Wiwanitkit
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2017: Advanced Biomedical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28808651/evaluation-of-acute-aortic-dissection-type-a-factors-and-comparison-the-postoperative-clinical-outcomes-between-two-surgical-methods
#2
Hasan Shemirani, Amir Mirmohamadsadeghi, Behzad Mahaki, Sadaf Farhadi, Reza Mohseni Badalabadi, Peyman Bidram, Mehdi Mohseni Badalabadi
BACKGROUND: Although aortic dissection is a rare disease, it causes high level of mortality. If ascending aorta gets involved in this disease, it is known as type A. According to small number of studies about this disease in Iran, this study conducted to detect the factors related to acute aortic dissection type A, its surgery consequences and the factors affecting them. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this historical cohort study, all patients having acute aortic dissection type A referring to Chamran Hospital from 2006 to 2012 were studied...
2017: Advanced Biomedical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28808650/comparison-of-two-treatment-methods-one-shot-and-sequential-on-reduction-the-level-of-hemoglobin-in-patients-with-percutaneous-nephrolithotripsy-in-al-zahra-hospital-in-2012-2013
#3
Mohammad Hatef Khorrami, Mohammad Hossein Izadpanahi, Mehrdad Mohammadi, Farshid Alizadeh, Mahtab Zargham, Farbod Khorrami, Felora Farahini Isfahani
BACKGROUND: Access dilation is the most important part of percutaneous nephrolithotripsy (PCNL) that is done by different methods, especially metal telescoping and one shot. In this study, two different methods of access dilation one shot and telescoping were compared. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In observational cross-sectional study, 240 patients who were a candidate for PCNL were selected and randomly divided into two groups. The first group was undergone one-shot method and the second group was undergone telescoping method...
2017: Advanced Biomedical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28808649/the-effect-of-a-single-dose-dantrolene-in-patients-with-vasospasm-following-aneurysmal-subarachnoid-hemorrhage
#4
Masih Sabouri, Mahmood Momeni, Fariborz Khorvash, Majid Rezvani, Homayon Tabesh
BACKGROUND: Cerebral vasospasm is a prolonged, occasionally severe, but reversible narrowing of the cerebral arteries that begins 3 to 5 days after the hemorrhage becomes maximal at 14 days. This study is designed to evaluate the effect of dantrolene on the reduction of vasospasm following aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH). MATERIALS AND METHODS: This randomized controlled clinical trial was conducted on 32 patients with proven aneurysms in AL-Zahra hospital during 2011-2013...
2017: Advanced Biomedical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28808648/traumatic-arteriovenous-malformation-of-the-superficial-temporal-artery
#5
Mahmoud Omrani Fard, Omid Yousofnejad, Mohammadbagher Heydari
Most of the vascular lesions on head and neck soft tissue are congenital, but a rare cause can be trauma. A 23-year-old man came to our clinic with a wide pulsatile tortuous mass in the left temporofrontal area. That mass was appeared since 10 years ago. Ten years before his coming to our clinic, he had a blunt trauma in that area. After that, a small wound appeared there and healed gradually. In clinical examination, mass was large and pulsatile, and a fine murmur was detected from it. In paraclinical examination, computed tomography scan with intravenous contrast and sonography revealed a vascular mass with arteriovenous (AV) fistula in soft tissue only in that area...
2017: Advanced Biomedical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28808647/the-relationship-between-the-time-of-endoscopy-and-morbidity-and-mortality-rates-in-patients-with-upper-gastrointestinal-bleeding
#6
Vahid Sebghatollahi, Khadijeh Ghomi, Babak Tamizifar, Mohammad Minakari, Mahsa Khodadoustan
BACKGROUND: This study was done to evaluate the relationship between the time of endoscopy in patients with upper gastrointestinal bleeding with morbidity and mortality rates of patients at the Al Zahra Hospital emergency room. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In a cohort study, 1152 patients at 2014 and 2015 have been hospitalized due to gastrointestinal bleeding in Al Zahra Hospital, were selected and demographic and clinical information and day and time of endoscopy and hospital mortality and fewer deaths than a month after discharge were studied, and prognosis was analyzed in terms of day and time of endoscopy...
2017: Advanced Biomedical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28808646/application-of-epstein-barr-virus-for-optimization-of-immortalized-b-lymphocyte-production-as-a-positive-control-in-genetic-studies
#7
Behnaz Tousizadeh, Sharareh Moghim, Ahmad Reza Salehi Chaleshtori, Maryam Ghanbarian, Mina Mirian, Mansoor Salehi, Sepideh Tousizadeh, Fatemeh Zaboli
BACKGROUND: Infection of B-cells with Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) leads to more and subsequent immortalization. This is considered as the method of choice for generating lymphoblastoid cell lines (LCLs). Producing LCLs, although very useful but is very time consuming and troublesome, drives the requirement for quicker and more reliable methods for EBV-driven B-cell transformation. MATERIALS AND METHODS: After successfully production of LCLs, different parameters including temperature, serum concentration, type of culture medium, and CO2 concentration were evaluated on EBV-transformed B-cells...
2017: Advanced Biomedical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28808645/effect-of-vitamin-d-supplementation-on-the-incidence-of-gestational-diabetes
#8
Hatav Ghasemi Tehrani, Fatemeh Mostajeran, Behnaz Banihashemi
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was survey of the effect of Vitamin D supplementation on the incidence of gestational diabetes (GDM) in pregnant women. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This randomized clinical trial was conducted at Alzahra and Shahid Beheshti Hospital in Isfahan, Iran, from January, 2013 to January, 2014 on 210 pregnant women referred to gynecology clinics. Serum levels of Vitamin D were measured, and those with lower serum levels of 10 nmol/L randomly divided into two groups of A and B...
2017: Advanced Biomedical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28808644/the-comparative-study-of-refractive-index-variations-between-haigis-srk-t-and-hoffer-q-formulas-used-for-preoperative-biometry-calculation-in-patients-with-the-axial-length-25-mm
#9
Hasan Razmjoo, Hosein Atarzadeh, Neda Kargar, Mohammad Behfarnia, Kobra Nasrollahi, Ali Kamali
BACKGROUND: To compare refractive index variation between Hoffer-Q, Haigis and SRK/T formulas used for preoperative biometry calculation in patients with axial length >25 mm, undergoing cataract surgery. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This is a randomized clinical trial study was performed on 54 eyes of 54 patients with ages of 40-70 years old and axial length >25 mm classified into three groups that their IOL POWER were calculated by Haigis, SRK/T and Hoffer-Q formulas before undergoing cataract surgery...
2017: Advanced Biomedical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28808643/polymorphism-rs16917496-at-the-mir-502-binding-site-of-the-lysine-methyltransferase-5a-set8-and-its-correlation-with-colorectal-cancer-in-iranians
#10
Meysam Mosallayi, Miganoosh Simonian, Sharifeh Khosravi, Ahmad Reza Salehi, Mahsa Khodadoostan, Vahid Sebghatollahi, Azar Baradaran, Rasoul Salehi
BACKGROUND: One of the gene expression regulatory mechanisms is mediated by small noncoding RNAs called microRNA (miRNA). They interact with a recognition sequence located mostly in 3'-untranslated regions (3'-UTRs) of mRNAs. Polymorphisms in miRNAs recognition sequences could affect gene expression which in turn may alter disease susceptibility. SET8, a member of the SET domain-containing methyltransferase, acts in a variety of biological processes such as genomic stability. Here, we report correlation of rs16917496 polymorphism, located in the recognition sequence of miR-502 within 3'-UTR of SET8, with colorectal cancer (CRC) in Iranians...
2017: Advanced Biomedical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28706884/cytotoxic-evaluation-of-some-fused-pyridazino-and-pyrrolo-quinazolinones-derivatives-on-melanoma-and-prostate-cell-lines
#11
Golnaz Vaseghi, Elham Jafari, Farshid Hassanzadeh, Shaghayegh Haghjooy-Javanmard, Nasim Dana, Mahmoud Rafieian-Kopaei
BACKGROUND: Quinazolinon as an important class of heterocycles is attractive in medicinal research areas due to their wide range of biological effects. Cytotoxic activities of the quinazolinone derivatives in various cell lines including: HeLa, L1210 (mouse lymphocytic leukemia) and HT29 (human colon adenocarcinoma) were reported. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this study, a number of newly made tricycles quinazolinone derivatives such as fused pyridazino-quinazolinones and fused pyrrolo-quinazolinones were evaluated on two cancerous cell lines, melanoma (B16F10) and prostate (PC3) using the 3-(4, 5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2, 5-diphenyl tetrazolium bromide colorimetric assay...
2017: Advanced Biomedical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28706883/effects-of-mannitol-20-on-outcomes-in-nontraumatic-intracerebral-hemorrhage
#12
Bahram Aminmansour, Homayoun Tabesh, Majid Rezvani, Hossain Poorjafari
BACKGROUND: A large number of stroke patients are not the perfect candidate for craniotomy and invasive procedures, so providing an alternative and noninvasive method, which is applicable in terms of costs and facilities, is necessary. Thus, the present study aimed to determine the effects of mannitol 20% on outcome of the patients with nontraumatic intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH) in patients admitted to Isfahan's Al-Zahra Hospital during 2012 and 2013. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This is a clinical trial study which is conducted during 2012-2013 in Isfahan's Al-Zahra Hospital...
2017: Advanced Biomedical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28706882/distribution-of-the-strains-of-multidrug-resistant-extensively-drug-resistant-and-pandrug-resistant-pseudomonas-aeruginosa-isolates-from-burn-patients
#13
Hajieh Ghasemian Safaei, Sharareh Moghim, Bahram Nasr Isfahani, Hossein Fazeli, Farkhondeh Poursina, Sima Yadegari, Pourya Nasirmoghadas, Seyed Abolfazl Hosseininassab Nodoushan
BACKGROUND: Pseudomonas aeruginosa is an opportunistic and Gram-negative pathogen that is used as the most important factor in burn wound infections, and due to the rapid acquisition of multidrug resistance (MDR), it causes high mortality rates in these sectors. Thus, diagnosis and assessment of antibiotic resistance patterns are very important in these patients. The aim of this study was to evaluate antibiotic resistance pattern and determining P. aeruginosa MDR. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this study, phenotypic, biochemical, and polymerase chain reaction tests were used to identify P...
2017: Advanced Biomedical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28706881/assessment-effects-of-resveratrol-on-human-telomerase-reverse-transcriptase-messenger-ribonucleic-acid-transcript-in-human-glioblastoma
#14
Azin Mirzazadeh, Majid Kheirollahi, Ehsan Farashahi, Fatemeh Sadeghian-Nodoushan, Mohammad Hasan Sheikhha, Behrouz Aflatoonian
BACKGROUND: Glioblastoma (GBM) is the most common and aggressive brain tumor, which has a poor prognosis despite the advent of different therapeutic strategies. There are numerous molecular biomarkers to contribute diagnosis, prognosis, and prediction of response to the current therapy in GBM. One of the most important markers that are potentially valuable is immortalization-specific or immortalization-associated marker named "hTERT messenger ribonucleic acid (mRNA)" the key subunit of telomerase enzyme, which is expressed in more than 85% of cancer cells, in spite of the majority of normal somatic cells...
2017: Advanced Biomedical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28706880/a-novel-method-for-the-management-of-anophthalmic-socket
#15
Srinivasa B Rao, Savita Akki, Deepak Kumar, Sunil Kumar Mishra
An orbital defect causes severe facial asymmetry and disfigurement that result in an immense emotional trauma to the patient and is also associated with economic, esthetic, and psychological problems. A prosthetic replacement is the treatment of choice in helping individual to return to his normal life by producing an acceptable and lifelike appearance. This case report describes the critical areas of fabrication of ocular prosthesis for a patient with missing right eye due to trauma to eye ball in an accident...
2017: Advanced Biomedical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28626746/frequency-of-cutaneous-fungal-infections-and-azole-resistance-of-the-isolates-in-patients-with-diabetes-mellitus
#16
Omid Raiesi, Mansour Siavash, Faezeh Mohammadi, Javaher Chabavizadeh, Behzad Mahaki, Mehrnoush Maherolnaghsh, Parvin Dehghan
BACKGROUND: Diabetic patients are more susceptible to cutaneous fungal infections. The higher blood sugar levels cause increasing the cutaneous fungal infections in these patients. The main objective of this study was to find the frequency of fungal infections among cutaneous lesions of diabetic patients and to investigate azole antifungal agent susceptibility of the isolates. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this study, type 1diabetes (n = 78) and type 2 diabetes (n = 44) comprised 47 cases (38...
2017: Advanced Biomedical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28626745/investigating-the-effect-of-extracorporeal-shock-wave-therapy-on-reducing-chronic-pain-in-patients-with-pes-anserine-bursitis-a-randomized-clinical-controlled-trial
#17
Saeid Khosrawi, Parisa Taheri, Marziyeh Ketabi
BACKGROUND: Knee pain, is one of the most common causes of patients' referring to physiatric clinics, and several factors, are involved in its creation. One of these factors is pes anserine bursitis (PAB) for which various treatment methods are used. This study aims to investigate the effect of this method on reducing chronic pain in these patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This clinical trial was conducted in 2013- 2014 on patients with PAB referring to academic, physical medicine clinics...
2017: Advanced Biomedical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28626744/central-beneficial-effects-of-trimetazidine-on-psychomotor-performance-in-normal-healthy-volunteers
#18
Hayder M Al-Kuraishy, Ali I Al-Gareeb
BACKGROUND: Trimetazidine is a fatty oxidation inhibitor, leading to shifting of energy substrate from fatty acid oxidation toward glucose oxidation that leads to the reduction of oxygen requirement. The aims of the present study were to elucidate the effects of trimetazidine on psychomotor performance and vigilance on normal healthy volunteers. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 234 subjects (age 22-25 years) were recruited in this study. The volunteers were randomizing into two groups with 117 volunteers in each group...
2017: Advanced Biomedical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28626743/phytochemical-screening-and-cytotoxic-evaluation-of-euphorbia-turcomanica-on-hela-and-ht-29-tumor-cell-lines
#19
Mehdi Aliomrani, Abbas Jafarian, Behzad Zolfaghari
BACKGROUND: Cancer is a term for a large group of different diseases, all involving uncontrolled cell growth. Many of Euphorbiaceae plants have been traditionally used for the treatment of ulcers, tumors, warts, and other diseases. In addition, in the last decade, there are studies showing cytotoxic effects of different species of Euphorbia on tumor cell lines. In this study, we attempted to determine if Euphorbia turcomanica possess any cytotoxic activity. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Solvents extracted the plant powder with various polarities by a maceration method, and qualitative phytochemical analyzes were carried out on them to identify the constituents...
2017: Advanced Biomedical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28626742/association-study-of-glutathione-s-transferases-gene-polymorphisms-gstm1-and-gstt1-with-ulcerative-colitis-and-crohn-s-disease-in-the-south-of-iran
#20
Maryam Moini, Mostafa Saadat, Hooshang Saadat, Atefeh Esmailnejad, Alireza Safarpour
BACKGROUND: Inflammatory bowel diseases (IBDs), including ulcerative colitis (UC) and Crohn's disease (CD), are chronic inflammatory disorders of the gastrointestinal tract. A combination of environmental factors and interactions with a genetic predisposition are suggested to play an important role in the etiology and pathogenesis of the IBD. Glutathione S-transferases (GSTs) are multifunctional enzymes involved in the cellular oxidative stress handling. Possible associations between GSTs gene polymorphisms and susceptibility to UC and CD have been reported in different population...
2017: Advanced Biomedical Research
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