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Advanced Biomedical Research

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28904941/is-there-any-relationship-between-bladder-trabeculation-and-efficacy-and-safety-of-intravesical-botulinum-toxin-a-injection-in-refractory-idiopathic-overactive-bladder-women
#1
Mahtab Zargham, Shideh Abedi, Farshid Alizadeh, Mohamad Hatef Khorami, Mehrdad Mohamadi, Faranak Bahrami, Farzaneh Sharifiaghdas, Hamid Mazdak
BACKGROUND: Intradetrusor injection of botulinum toxin A (BTX-A) might serve as a minimally invasive substitute in patients with refractory idiopathic overactive bladder (RIOAB). The aim of this study was to evaluate the clinical outcomes related to two different doses of abo-BTX-A (AboBTX-A) in patients with RIOAB. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This prospective clinical trial was performed on 55 women with RIOAB. After determination of trabeculation grade, 300 (no or mild) or 500 (moderate or severe) unit of AboBTX-A (Dysport) was intravesicaly injected...
2017: Advanced Biomedical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28904940/association-of-animal-and-plant-proteins-intake-with-hypertension-in-iranian-adult-population-isfahan-healthy-heart-program
#2
Sanaz Mehrabani, Mehdi Asemi, Jamshid Najafian, Firouzeh Sajjadi, Maryam Maghroun, Noushin Mohammadifard
BACKGROUND: There is evidence regarding the relationship between dietary proteins intake and blood pressure (BP), but they had inconsistent results. Therefore, this study was designed to assess the association between different kinds of protein intake (animal and plant protein) and BP. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Data were collected from Isfahan Healthy Heart Program. We performed a cross-sectional study among 9660 randomly selected Iranian adults aged ≥19-year-old that they were selected from three large Iranian regions in 2007...
2017: Advanced Biomedical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28904939/lung-cancer-prevalence-in-iran-by-histologic-subtypes
#3
Hossein Molavi Vardanjani, Masoud Zeinali, Samera Radmerikhi, Maryam Hadipour
BACKGROUND: Prevalence statistics are essential for cancer control in addition to incidence and mortality data. As we know, there is no published report regarding lung cancer (LC) prevalence in Iran. Herein, we provide model-based estimates of limited time LC prevalence in Iran, 2015. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Incidence numbers of LC were extracted from Iranian National Cancer Registry reports for 2003-2009. Trends were analyzed by joinpoint regression, assuming a logarithmic poisson model...
2017: Advanced Biomedical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28904938/the-effects-of-pentoxifylline-on-serum-levels-of-interleukin-10-and-interferon-gamma-and-memory-function-in-lipopolysaccharide-induced-inflammation-in-rats
#4
Hamid Reza Dehghani Dolatabadi, Mohammad Reza Zarrindast, Parham Reisi, Mohammad Nasehi
BACKGROUND: Studies have shown that pentoxifylline (PTX) in addition to protective effects on blood vessels probably has positive influence against the brain inflammation. Therefore, the aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of PTX on serum levels of interleukin 10 (IL-10) and interferon gamma (IFN-γ) and passive avoidance learning in lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced inflammation in rats. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Inflammation was induced by intraperitoneal (i...
2017: Advanced Biomedical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28904937/effect-of-magnesium-supplement-on-pregnancy-outcomes-a-randomized-control-trial
#5
Elaheh Zarean, Amal Tarjan
BACKGROUND: Magnesium (Mg) is an essential mineral required to regulate body temperature, nucleic acid, and protein synthesis with an important role in maintaining nerve and muscle cell electrical potentials. It may reduce fetal growth restriction and preeclampsia as well as increase birth weight. This study aimed to assess the effects of consuming Mg supplementation during pregnancy on pregnancy outcomes. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This is a randomized controlled trial with three sixty populated groups of pregnant women...
2017: Advanced Biomedical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28904936/evaluation-of-urokinase-plasminogen-activator-receptor-soluble-urokinase-plasminogen-activator-receptor-and-%C3%AE-1-integrin-in-patients-with-hodgkin-s-lymphoma
#6
Shirin Kouhpayeh, Alireza Andalib, Marjan Gharagozloo, Mohammad Hossein Sanei, Nafiseh Esmaeil, Mohammad Reza Maracy
BACKGROUND: The objective of this study is to indicate the role of urokinase plasminogen activator receptor (uPAR), soluble uPAR (suPAR), and β1 integrin in tumor growth and invasion of lymph nodes from Hodgkin's lymphoma (HL) patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this study, 25 lymph nodes from HL patients were analyzed for the expression of β1 integrin and uPAR on mononuclear cells using two-color flow cytometry and immunohistochemical analysis. Moreover, the levels of suPAR in the serum samples of HL patients were measured and compared with 32 healthy controls...
2017: Advanced Biomedical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28904935/evaluation-of-dietary-intakes-body-composition-and-cardiometabolic-parameters-in-adolescent-team-sports-elite-athletes-a-cross-sectional-study
#7
Javad Hosseinzadeh, Zahra Maghsoudi, Behnood Abbasi, Pooya Daneshvar, Atefeh Hojjati, Reza Ghiasvand
BACKGROUND: Nutritional intake is an important issue in adolescent athletes. Proper athletes' performance is a multifactorial outcome of good training, body composition, and nutritional status. The aim of the present study was to assess nutritional status, body composition, and cardiometabolic factors in adolescent elite athlete's province of Isfahan, Iran. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this cross-sectional study, 100 adolescent elite athletes from volleyball, basketball, and soccer teams were selected for the study...
2017: Advanced Biomedical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28904934/comparison-of-complications-of-arteriovenous-fistula-with-permanent-catheter-in-hemodialysis-patients-a-six-month-follow-up
#8
Ali Momeni, Saeed Mardani, Maryam Kabiri, Masoud Amiri
BACKGROUND: Arteriovenous fistula (AVF), permanent catheter (PC), and vascular graft are three vascular access types used for hemodialysis procedure. Due to insufficient reliable information on the comparison between AVF and PC, this study was conducted to compare AVF and PC regarding dialysis adequacy. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This prospective study was carried out from March, 2013 to September, 2013. In this study, 76 hemodialysis patients were enrolled and assigned to two unequal groups of AVF and PC...
2017: Advanced Biomedical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28904933/electrospun-gelatin-poly-glycerol-sebacate-membrane-with-controlled-release-of-antibiotics-for-wound-dressing
#9
Parisa Shirazaki, Jaleh Varshosaz, Anoushe Zargar Kharazi
BACKGROUND: The most important risk that threatens the skin wounds is infections. Therefore, fabrication of a membrane as a wound dressing with the ability of antibiotic delivery in a proper delivery rate is especially important. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Poly(glycerol sebacate) (PGS) was prepared from sebacic acid and glycerol with 1:1 ratio; then, it was added to gelatin in the 1:3 ratio and was dissolved in 80% (v/v) acetic acid, and finally, ciprofloxacin was added in 10% (w/v) of polymer solution...
2017: Advanced Biomedical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28904932/a-comparative-study-on-the-results-of-estimating-children-s-weights-based-on-arm-circumference-height-and-body-habitus-against-estimated-weight-broselow-on-2-24-months-children-in-isfahan
#10
Mohammad Nasr-Esfahani, Sirous Nemati, Babak Masoumi, Azam Eshaghiandorche, Ali Akbar Jangjoo
BACKGROUND: Resuscitation of children in different treatment wards is a challenge. Given that the pediatric drug dosing is based on weight and weighing is not practical in emergency situations, it is critical to employ a fast, easy, and reliable technique. Hence, this study attempted to evaluate the real weight children against Broselow estimation. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This cross-sectional study involved 1500 children of 2-24 months referred to Isfahan urban and rural health centers in 2015...
2017: Advanced Biomedical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28904931/isolation-of-candida-species-from-gastroesophageal-lesions-among-pediatrics-in-isfahan-iran-identification-and-antifungal-susceptibility-testing-of-clinical-isolates-by-e-test
#11
Fatemeh Salehi, Mehran Esmaeili, Rasoul Mohammadi
BACKGROUND: Candida species can become opportunistic pathogens causing local or systemic invasive infections. Gastroesophageal candidiasis may depend on the Candida colonization and local damage of the mucosal barrier. Risk factors are gastric acid suppression, diabetes mellitus, chronic debilitating states such as carcinomas, and the use of systemic antibiotics and corticosteroids. The aim of this study is collection and molecular identification of Candida species from gastroesophageal lesions among pediatrics in Isfahan, and determination of minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) ranges for clinical isolates...
2017: Advanced Biomedical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28904930/comment-on-prevalence-of-occult-hepatitis-b-virus-infection-in-hemodialysis-patients-in-isfahan-iran
#12
Gioacchino Li Cavoli, Onofrio Schillaci, Carmela Zagarrigo, Franca Servillo, Tancredi Vincenzo Li Cavoli, Mattia Palmeri, Ugo Rotolo
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2017: Advanced Biomedical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28900612/coexistence-of-multiple-sclerosis-and-brain-tumor-an-uncommon-diagnostic-challenge
#13
Fatemeh Abrishamchi, Fariborz Khorvash
Nonneoplastic demyelinating processes of the brain with mass effect on magnetic resonance imaging can cause diagnostic difficulties. It requires differential diagnosis between the tumefactive demyelinating lesion and the coexistence of neoplasm. We document the case of 41-year-old woman with clinical and radiological findings suggestive of multiple sclerosis. Additional investigations confirmed the coexistence of astrocytoma. This report emphasizes the importance of considering brain tumors in the differential diagnosis of primary demyelinating disease presenting with a cerebral mass lesion...
2017: Advanced Biomedical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28900611/the-protective-effect-of-l-arginine-in-cisplatin-induced-nephrotoxicity-in-streptozotocin-induced-diabetic-rats
#14
Fatemeh Gharibi, Nepton Soltani, Maryam Maleki, Ardeshir Talebi, Masoumeh Nasiri, Soheyla Shirdavani, Mehdi Nematbakhsh
BACKGROUND: Cisplatin (CP) is accompanied with a nephrotoxicity. L-arginine (LA) plays an important role in the regulation of renal function. The present study was designed to investigate the protective role of LA supplementation in CP-induced nephrotoxicity in a diabetic rat's model. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Sixteen adult female and male Wistar rats were used and they received a single dose of streptozotocin (STZ) (60 mg/kg i.p.). Diabetic female and male rats were arranged as groups 1-5 and groups 6-10, respectively...
2017: Advanced Biomedical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28900610/the-role-of-intraoperative-thyroglobuline-level-of-lymph-node-in-the-management-of-papillary-thyroid-cancer-determination-of-a-cutoff-point
#15
Mohsen Kolahdouzan, Mehdi Sadeghi, Behrooz Kalidari, Behnam Sanei, Elyas Mostafapour, Ashraf Aminorroaya
BACKGROUND: Some studies have shown that a preoperative high concentration of thyroglobulin (Tg) in wash out of fine-needle aspiration cytology of cervical lymph nodes mandate therapeutic lymph node dissection. However, there is disagreement about the minimum concentration of Tg which could have diagnostic value. Hence, according to our literature review, this study is the first one which designed to do intraoperatively. Therefore, this study was conducted and aimed to determine the clinical diagnostic value of Tg lymph nodes in the diagnosis of metastatic thyroid cancer...
2017: Advanced Biomedical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28828349/prevalence-of-chondrocalcinosis-in-patients-above-50-years-and-the-relationship-with-osteoarthritis
#16
Hadi Karimzadeh, Mehri Sirous, Saeed Najafzadeh Sadati, Mahdiyyeh Bashshash, Peyman Mottaghi, Behzad Ommani, Mansoor Karimifar
BACKGROUND: Some studies showed a relation between chondrocalcinosis and osteoarthritis (OA). Hence, considering the importance of chondrocalcinosis diagnosis andnecessity for its integration with OA, the current study aims at investigating prevalence of chondrocalcinosis in patients above 50 years admitted to Isfahan Al-Zahra Medical Center and its relationship with OA. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In a cross-sectional study, 600 patients who referred to the radiology units of Al-Zahra Hospital for radiography of different joints were studied during 2013-2014...
2017: Advanced Biomedical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28828348/cloning-expression-and-characterization-of-nad-kinase-from-staphylococcus-aureus-involved-in-the-formation-of-nadp-h-a-key-molecule-in-the-maintaining-of-redox-status-and-biofilm-formation
#17
U Venkateswara Prasad, D Vasu, R Rishi Gowtham, Ch Krishna Pradeep, V Swarupa, S Yeswanth, Abhijit Choudhary, P V G K Sarma
BACKGROUND: Staphylococcus aureus has the ability to form biofilms on any niches, a key pathogenic factor of this organism and this phenomenon is directly related to the concentration of NADPH. The formation of NADP is catalyzed by NAD kinase (NADK) and this gene of S. aureus ATCC 12600 was cloned, sequenced, expressed and characterized. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The NADK gene was polymerase chain reaction amplified from the chromosomal DNA of S. aureus ATCC 12600 and cloned in pQE 30 vector, sequenced and expressed in Escherichia coli DH5α...
2017: Advanced Biomedical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28828347/the-role-of-gamma-amino-butyric-acid-in-cisplatin-induced-nephrotoxicity-in-streptozotocin-induced-diabetic-rats
#18
Masoomeh Nasiri, Nepton Soltani, Safoora Mazaheri, Maryam Maleki, Ardeshir Talebi, Fatemah Gharibi, Mehdi Nematbakhsh
BACKGROUND: Diabetes mellitus can change the risk of developing cancer. Cisplatin (CP) is a common antineoplastic drug. The major side effect of CP is nephrotoxicity. Gamma amino butyric acid (GABA) is an antioxidant agent that may have a protective role against CP-induced nephrotoxicity. The aim of the present study was to investigate the role of GABA in CP-induced nephrotoxicity in hyperglycemic male and female rats. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Sixty male and female Wistar diabetic rats were used in ten experimental groups...
2017: Advanced Biomedical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28828346/hirayama-s-disease-a-rare-clinical-variant-of-amyotrophic-lateral-sclerosis
#19
Swati C Aundhakar, Sanket K Mahajan, Daanish A Chhapra
Hirayama's disease is a rare clinical variant of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis where distal muscles are involved more compared to proximal muscles and vice-versa occurs only in 10% cases and so it is differentiated from O'Sullivan McLeod syndrome which involves only small muscles of single limb. Here, we present a case of Hirayama's disease where disease achieved a plateau after 3 years with no further progression. His electrophysiological studies, and clinical picture, and magnetic resonance imaging findings were consistent with a diagnosis of Hirayama's disease...
2017: Advanced Biomedical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28828345/evaluation-of-bone-density-serum-total-and-ionized-calcium-alkaline-phosphatase-and-25-hydroxy-vitamin-d-in-papillary-thyroid-carcinoma-and-their-relationship-with-tsh-suppression-by-levothyroxine
#20
Ali Kachui, Seyed Mashaallah Tabatabaizadeh, Bijan Iraj, Hasan Rezvanian, Awat Feizi
BACKGROUND: This study aimed to evaluate the situation of Bone Mineral Density (BMD), Z score, T score, serum level of corrected and ionized calcium, alkaline phosphatase and 25-hydroxy vitamin D in percutaneous transhepatic cholangiography (PTC) patients and correlation of these variants with thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH) suppression level by levothyroxine. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Among the patients referred to Esfahan's endocrinology research center, 34 PTC patients (aged 20-50 years) with a history of thyroidectomy and conceived radioactive iodine and suppressive dose of levothyroxine were evaluated in this case-control study, and 38 healthy persons participated as the control group (matched by age and sex, body mass index)...
2017: Advanced Biomedical Research
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