Read by QxMD icon Read

Journal of Applied Biomaterials & Functional Materials

Candace Colpitts, Amin M Ektesabi, Rachael A Wyatt, Bryan D Crawford, Amirkianoosh Kiani
BACKGROUND: In this study, we investigated a method to produce bioactive hybrid amorphous silicon and silicon oxide patterns using nanosecond laser pulses. METHODS: Microscale line patterns were made by laser pulses on silicon wafers at different frequencies (25, 70 and 100 kHz), resulting in ablation patterns with frequency-dependent physical and chemical properties. RESULTS: Incubating the laser-treated silicon substrates with simulated body fluid demonstrated that the physicochemical properties of the laser-treated samples were stable under these conditions, and favored the deposition of bone-like apatite...
October 8, 2016: Journal of Applied Biomaterials & Functional Materials
Francesco Paolo La Mantia, Manuela Ceraulo, Maria Chiara Mistretta, Marco Morreale
PURPOSE: Biodegradable polymers are currently gaining importance in several fields, because they allow mitigation of the impact on the environment related to disposal of traditional, nonbiodegradable polymers, as well as reducing the utilization of oil-based sources (when they also come from renewable resources). Fibers made of biodegradable polymers are of particular interest, though, it is not easy to obtain polymer fibers with suitable mechanical properties and to tailor these to the specific application...
October 1, 2016: Journal of Applied Biomaterials & Functional Materials
Rossella Arrigo, Elisabetta Morici, Nadka Tzankova Dintcheva
BACKGROUND: This work presents a sustainable approach for the stabilization of polylactic acid (PLA) against thermo-oxidative aging. METHODS: Naturally occurring phenolic and polyphenolic compounds, such as ferulic acid (FerAc), vanillic acid (VanAc), quercetin (Querc) and vitamin E (VitE), were introduced into PLA. RESULTS: The preliminary characterization of the systems formulated containing different amounts of natural stabilizers showed that all compounds used acted as plasticizers, leading to a decrease in rheological functions with respect to neat PLA, without significantly modifying the crystallinity of the raw material...
October 1, 2016: Journal of Applied Biomaterials & Functional Materials
Sydney Peng, Zhi-Teng Lai, Ding-Wei Hong, I-Ming Chu, Po-Liang Lai
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to develop a minimally invasive hydrogel system that can release strontium ions, an element that has been shown to increase osteoblast proliferation and prohibit bone resorption, in a controlled manner. METHODS: SrCO3 was selected as the salt of choice due to potential acid neutralization reaction between SrCO3 and degradation by-products of methoxy(polyethylene glycol)-co-poly(lactic-co-glycolic acid) (mPEG-PLGA): namely, lactic acid and glycolic acid...
September 27, 2016: Journal of Applied Biomaterials & Functional Materials
Rebecca L Majewski, Wujie Zhang, Xiaojun Ma, Zhanfeng Cui, Weiping Ren, David C Markel
Bioencapsulation technologies have played an important role in the developing successes of tissue engineering. Besides offering immunoisolation, they also show promise for cell/tissue banking and the directed differentiation of stem cells, by providing a unique microenvironment. This review describes bioencapsulation technologies and summarizes their recent progress in research into tissue engineering. The review concludes with a brief outlook regarding future research directions in this field.
September 26, 2016: Journal of Applied Biomaterials & Functional Materials
Yukinori Maruo, Goro Nishigawa, Masao Irie, Kumiko Yoshihara, Takuya Matsumoto, Shogo Minagi
BACKGROUND: This study evaluated the surface morphology, chemical composition and adhesiveness of lithium disilicate glass ceramic after acid etching with hydrofluoric acid or phosphoric acid. METHODS: Lithium disilicate glass ceramic specimens polished by 600-grit silicon carbide paper were subjected to one or a combination of these surface treatments: airborne particle abrasion with 50-μm alumina (AA), etching with 5% hydrofluoric acid (HF) or 36% phosphoric acid (Phos), and application of silane coupling agent (Si)...
September 17, 2016: Journal of Applied Biomaterials & Functional Materials
Norbert Harrasser, Michael de Wild, Johannes Gorkotte, Andreas Obermeier, Susanne Feihl, Melanie Straub, Ruediger von Eisenhart-Rothe, Hans Gollwitzer, Jasmine Rüegg, Walter Moser, Philipp Gruner, Rainer Burgkart
BACKGROUND: Silver ions (Ag+) have strong antibacterial effects, and silver-coated materials are in widespread clinical use. However, the application of silver-coated medical devices is not without concerns: its use with direct bone contact is not established, and systemic toxic side effects of released Ag+ have been described. Therefore, alternative bactericidal coatings with a more localized way of acting - e.g., calcium dihydroxide, Ca(OH)2 (CH) - would be advantageous. METHODS: A new rat model of the animal's tibial metaphysis was developed...
September 17, 2016: Journal of Applied Biomaterials & Functional Materials
Luca Coluccino, Chiara Peres, Riccardo Gottardi, Paolo Bianchini, Alberto Diaspro, Luca Ceseracciu
BACKGROUND: The knee meniscus is instrumental to stability, shock absorption, load transmission and stress distribution within the knee joint. Such functions are mechanically demanding, and replacement constructs used in meniscus repair often fail because of a poor match with the surrounding tissue. This study focused on the native structure-mechanics relationships and on their anisotropic behavior in meniscus, to define the target biomechanical viscoelastic properties required by scaffolds upon loading...
September 14, 2016: Journal of Applied Biomaterials & Functional Materials
Annapaola Parrilli, Stefano Falcioni, Milena Fini, Saverio Affatato
BACKGROUND: Wear associated with hip components represents the main clinical problem in these patients, and it is important to develop new techniques for more accurate measurements of that wear. Currently, the gravimetric method is the gold standard for assessing mass measurements in preclinical evaluations. However, this method does not give other information such as volumetric loss or surface deviation. This work aimed to develop and validate a new technique to quantify ceramic volume loss from in vitro experiments using micro-computed tomography (micro-CT)...
September 14, 2016: Journal of Applied Biomaterials & Functional Materials
Ebru Kucukyilmaz, Selcuk Savas
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to investigate the effectiveness of different remineralization agents by quantitative light-induced fluorescence digital BiluminatorTM (QLF-D). METHODS: Artificial caries lesions were created, and the teeth were divided according to the tested materials: (i) distilled water, (ii) acidulated phosphate fluoride (APF), (iii) Curodont Repair (CR), (iv) ammonium hexafluorosilicate (SiF) and (v) ammonium hexafluorosilicate plus cetylpyridinium chloride (SiF + CPC)...
September 14, 2016: Journal of Applied Biomaterials & Functional Materials
Ana Rita C Duarte, Devid Maniglio, Nuno Sousa, João F Mano, Rui L Reis, Claudio Migliaresi
BACKGROUND: This study investigated the preparation of ordered patterned surfaces and/or microspheres from a natural-based polymer, using the breath figure and reverse breath figure methods. METHODS: Poly(D,L-lactic acid) and starch poly(lactic acid) solutions were precipitated in different conditions - namely, polymer concentration, vapor atmosphere temperature and substrate - to evaluate the effect of these conditions on the morphology of the precipitates obtained...
September 14, 2016: Journal of Applied Biomaterials & Functional Materials
Jessica Campos-Delgado, Kelly L S Castro, Jose G Munguia-Lopez, Ana K González, Martin E Mendoza, Benjamin Fragneaud, Raphael Verdan, Joyce R Araujo, Francisco J González, Hugo Navarro-Contreras, Ivan N Pérez-Maldonado, Antonio de León-Rodríguez, Carlos A Achete
BACKGROUND: Driven by the potential biological applications of graphene, many groups have studied the response of cells exposed to graphene oxide (GO). In particular, investigations of bacteria indicate that there are 2 crucial parameters, which so far have only been investigated separately: GO size and exposure methodology. Our study took into account both parameters. We carefully characterized the samples to catalog sizes and structural properties, and tested different exposure methodologies: exposure in saline solution and in the presence of growth media...
September 7, 2016: Journal of Applied Biomaterials & Functional Materials
Nasim Kiaie, Rouhollah Mehdinavaz Aghdam, Seyed Hossein Ahmadi Tafti, Shahriar Hojjati Emami
BACKGROUND: There has been increased attention given to polymeric nanoparticles as protein carriers. In this regard, chitosan/tripolyphosphate (TPP) nanoparticles are considered to be a simple and efficient carrier. However, to have an ideal protein release profile, we need to optimize the properties of the carrier. METHODS: This study examined the influence of 4 critical process parameters on the physicochemical characteristics of final nanoparticles. Chitosan-based nanoparticles were produced by ionic gelation, and then the size, polydispersity and zeta potential of those resulting nanoparticles were evaluated...
September 1, 2016: Journal of Applied Biomaterials & Functional Materials
Wei Liang, Li Li, Xu Cui, Zhongfei Tang, Xiaomou Wei, Haobo Pan, Bing Li
INTRODUCTION: Because of its good osteoconductivity, strontium (Sr) ranelate has been extensively used as a bone substitute for the treatment of bone disorders. To facilitate treatment, Sr is also incorporated into calcium phosphate cement (Sr-CPC); however, the Sr from Sr-CPC is not sufficient to induce a significant increase of bone mass in an ovariectomized rat model. To improve the efficiency of Sr-CPC, we developed a calcitonin gene-related peptide (CGRP)- and Sr-enriched CPC (CGRP-Sr-CPC)...
August 8, 2016: Journal of Applied Biomaterials & Functional Materials
Bogusława Orzechowska-Wylęgała, Dariusz Dobrowolski, Domenico Puzzolo, Bogumił Wowra, Wiktor Niemiec, Adam Wylęgała, Krzysztof Szczubiałka
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to investigate the application of mucous membrane keratinocyte cultures on amniotic membrane and on poly(L-lactic acid) (PLLA) Purasorb PL38 to cover tissue loss in the oral cavity. Developments in molecular biology techniques and tissue engineering allow the culturing and identification of cells that can be anchored in the wound to achieve integrity of the tissue. Transplantation of tissues obtained from the patient's own cells is superior to allogenous transplantation where there is a possibility of transfection, rejection and the need for long-term immunosuppression...
August 5, 2016: Journal of Applied Biomaterials & Functional Materials
Martin Stefanic, Xiang Zhang
BACKGROUND: Bioceramic granules are a widely studied material for regeneration of human tissues, and their biological assessment with in vitro cell cultures plays a fundamental role in the development of bioceramics. Design of samples for cell testing represents an important aspect of the biological evaluation, as it dictates how cells will interact with the biomaterial. The aim of this study was to develop samples for cell testing of bioceramic granules with a novel design that would enable direct physical contacts between cells and bioceramic and improved handling properties for efficient laboratory work...
July 2, 2016: Journal of Applied Biomaterials & Functional Materials
Simone Sprio, Marco Fricia, Giuseppe F Maddalena, Angelo Nataloni, Anna Tampieri
BACKGROUND: The number of cranioplasty procedures is steadily increasing, mainly due to growing indications for decompressive procedures following trauma, tumor or malformations. Although autologous bone is still considered the gold standard for bone replacement in skull, there is an urgent need for synthetic porous implants able to guide bone regeneration and stable reconstruction of the defect. In this respect, hydroxyapatite scaffolds with highly porous architecture are very promising materials, due to the excellent biocompatibility and intrinsic osteogenic and osteoconductive properties that enable deep bone penetration in the scaffold and excellent osteointegration...
June 3, 2016: Journal of Applied Biomaterials & Functional Materials
Kosmas Tolidis, Dimitrios Dionysopoulos, Paris Gerasimou, Thrasyvoulos Sfeikos
PURPOSE: The purpose of this investigation was to evaluate the influence of radiant heat and ultrasound on fluoride release and surface hardness of 3 glass ionomer cements (GICs). METHODS: There were 3 experimental groups for each GIC; in group 1, the specimens were left to set without any treatment; in group 2, the specimens were irradiated for 2 minutes using a LED unit; and in group 3, ultrasound was applied using a scaler for 55 seconds on the specimen surface...
June 3, 2016: Journal of Applied Biomaterials & Functional Materials
Stefano Cattini, Federica Bondioli
INTRODUCTION: The aim of the present work was to analyze the possibility of creating a light-storing photocatalyst material, a system that couples a phosphorescent substrate with a titania coating. The substrate could activate the titanium dioxide coating even in condition of darkness thanks to its light emission. This improvement of absorption can be achieved because the titania semiconductor is irradiated both by the direct light and by the luminescent substrate which is activated at the same time...
June 1, 2016: Journal of Applied Biomaterials & Functional Materials
Xiaoling He, Yuxin Zhao, Zhenli Jin, Yu Su, Huiqin An, Lili Ge, Dongsheng Wei, Li Chen
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to develop a novel thermoresponsive material suited for tissue engineering and investigate the growth and harmless detachment of cells cultured on the surface of thermoresponsive tissue culture polystyrene (TCPS). METHODS: Thermoresponsive N-isopropylacrylamide (NIPAAm) and biocompatible chitosan (CS) were grafted onto the surface of TCPS by ultraviolet (UV)-induced graft polymerization. The chemical composition, surface morphology and thermoresponsiveness of the modified TCPS were investigated by X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS), atom force microscopy (AFM) and contact angle (CA), respectively...
May 26, 2016: Journal of Applied Biomaterials & Functional Materials
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"